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Id: biblio-1094524
Autor: Santos, Djalma Antonio Almeida dos; Nascimento, Luiz Fernando Costa.
Título: Maternal exposure to benzene and toluene and preterm birth. A longitudinal study
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;137(6):486-490, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollutants has several effects on human health, including during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To identify whether exposure to benzene and toluene among pregnant women contributes to preterm delivery. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal study using data on newborns from mothers living in São José dos Campos (SP) in 2016, who had been exposed to benzene and toluene. METHODS: A logistic regression model with three hierarchical levels was constructed using maternal variables relating to newborns, and using benzene and toluene concentrations in quartiles. Occurrences of cesarean births, twins or malformations were excluded. Maternal exposure windows of 5, 10, 15, 30, 60 and 90 days prior to delivery were considered. RESULTS: Out of the 9,562 live births, 3,671 newborns were included and 343 newborns were born at less than 37 weeks of gestation (9.3%). The average birth weight was 3,167.2 g. Exposure to benzene and toluene was significantly associated (P = 0.04) with preterm delivery in the five-day window. There was no association in any of the other exposure windows. CONCLUSIONS: It was possible to identify that maternal exposure to benzene and toluene has an acute effect on preterm delivery.
Descritores: Tolueno/efeitos adversos
Benzeno/efeitos adversos
Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos
Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente
-Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos
Razão de Chances
Risco
Estudos Longitudinais
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Gravidez
Recém-Nascido
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-715332
Autor: García Valencia, Jenny; Méndez Villanueva, María Paulina.
Título: Factores asociados al abandono temprano del tratamiento de trastornos por uso de sustancias en una institución de Medellín, Colombia / Factors Associated With the Temporary Abandonment of Treatment for Disorders Due to Substance Abuse in an Institution in Medellin, Colombia
Fonte: Rev. colomb. psiquiatr;43(1):7-17, ene.-mar. 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de abandono temprano del tratamiento y los factores asociados a este entre los pacientes atendidos en 2012 en un Centro de Atención de Drogodependencias de Medellín. Métodos: Estudio de casos y controles. Los casos fueron los sujetos que abandonaron prematuramente el programa y los controles, quienes lo completaron. Se compararon ambos grupos en factores sociodemográficos, relacionados con el patrón de uso de sustancias, las comorbilidades y la decisión de ingreso al tratamiento. Resultados: La frecuencia de abandono temprano del programa fue del 59%, pero una alta proporción de este abandono (47,5%) ocurrió en la transición de una etapa del programa a otra. Las variables asociadas con el abandono temprano fueron: trastorno psicótico (odds ratio [OR] = 0,32; intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%], 0,11-0,91), trastorno bipolar (OR = 0,31; IC95%, 0,12-0,77), heroína como principal sustancia problema en comparación con alcohol (OR =6,68; IC95%, 1,52-29,4), toma de decisión del tratamiento por un familiar en comparación con la personal (OR = 3,02; IC95%, 1,28-7,17) y tratamientos previos (OR = 1,87; IC95%, 1,02-3,44). Conclusiones: La frecuencia de abandono temprano del tratamiento hallada en este estudio es similar a la reportada en otros. Se encontraron factores asociados al abandono que se puede tener en cuenta al planear estrategias para mejorar los resultados del programa.

Objective: To determine the frequency and factors associated withtreatment drop-out in patients from a Substance User Treatment Center in Medellín, Colombia. Methods: A case-control study was conducted, with patients with an early treatment dropout as cases, and patients who completed the treatment as controls. Demographic data, substance use pattern, concomitant diseases, and the decision to initiate treatment were compared between cases and controls. Results: The frequency of early drop-out was 59%, but a high proportion of this drop-out (47.5%) occurred in the transition period between the program stages. The variables associated with drop-out were: psychotic disorder (OR=0.32; 95% CI, 0.11-0.91), bipolar disorder (OR=0.31; 95% CI, 0.12-0.77), heroin as the principal substance compared to alcohol (OR=6.68; 95% CI, 1.52-29.4), decision to initiate the treatment by the family compared to personal decision (OR=3.02; 95% CI, 1.28-7.17), and previous treatments (OR=1.87; 95% CI, 1.02-3.44). Conclusions: The drop-out frequency is similar to those reported in other studies. Associated factors were found, which could be considered in order to plan strategies to improve the program results.
Descritores: Estudos de Casos e Controles
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
-Transtornos Psicóticos
Comportamento de Esquiva
Razão de Chances
Dados Demográficos
Colômbia
Confiança
Autonegligência/psicologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: CO78 - Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría


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Id: biblio-1038030
Autor: Zare, Mohammad; JAFARI-Nedooshan, Jamal; Aghili, Kazem; Ahrar, Hossein; Jarahzadeh, Mohammad Hossein; Seifi-Shalamzari, Neda; Zare-Shehneh, Masoud; Neamatzadeh, Hossein.
Título: Association of mmp-7 -181A>G polymorphism with colorectal cancer and gastric cancer susceptibility: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Associação do polimorfismo mmp-7 -181a>G com câncer colorretal e suscetibilidade ao câncer gástrico: revisão sistemática e metanálise
Fonte: ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig;32(3):e1449, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Introduction: The matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) gene -181A>G polymorphism has been reported to be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility, yet the results of these previous results have been inconsistent or controversial. Aim: To elaborate a meta-analysis to assess the association of -181A>G polymorphism of MMP-7 with CRC and GC risk. Methods: Published literature evaluating the association from PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar and other databases were retrieved up to April 25, 2018. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using random- or fixed-effects model. Results: A total of 19 case-control studies, which included eleven studies on CRC (2,169 CRC cases and 2,346 controls) and eight studies on GC (1,545 GC cases and 2,366 controls) were identified. There was a significant association between MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphism and GC risk under the homozygote model (GG vs. AA: OR=1.672, 95% CI 1.161-2.409, p=0.006) and the recessive model (GG vs. GA+AA: OR=1.672, 95% CI 1.319-2.554, p=0.001), but not with CRC. By subgroup analysis based on ethnicity, an increased risk of CRC and GC was found only among Asians. Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggests that MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphisms is associated with GC risk, but not with CRC. However, our results clearly showed that the MMP-7 -181A>G polymorphism significantly increased the risk of CRC only in Asians.

RESUMO Introdução: O polimorfismo da matriz metaloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) -181A>G tem sido relatado como associado à suscetibilidade dos cânceres colorretal (CRC) e gástrico (GC), mas os resultados desses estudos anteriores foram inconsistentes ou controversos. Objetivo: Elaborar metanálise para avaliar a associação do polimorfismo -181A> G da MMP-7 com o risco de CRC e GC. Métodos: Revisão da literatura publicada avaliando essa associação no PubMed, Web of Science, Google Acadêmico e outras bases de dados até 25 de abril de 2018. Odds ratio (OR) e o intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC) foram calculados usando dados aleatórios ou modelo de efeitos fixos. Resultados: Um total de 19 estudos caso-controle, que incluíram 11 trabalhos sobre CRC (2.169 casos de CCR e 2.346 controles) e oito sobre GC (1.545 casos de GC e 2.366 controles) foram identificados. Houve associação significativa entre o polimorfismo MMP-7 -181A>G e o risco de GC sob o modelo homozigoto (GG vs. AA: OR=1,672, IC 95% 1,161-2,409, p=0,006) e o modelo recessivo (GG vs. GA + AA: OR=1,672, IC 95% 1,319-2,554, p=0,001), mas não com CRC. Por análise de subgrupos com base na etnia, um risco aumentado de CRC e GC foi encontrado apenas entre os asiáticos. Conclusões: Esta metanálise sugere que os polimorfismos MMP-7 -181A>G estão associados ao risco de GC, mas não ao CRC. No entanto, estes resultados mostraram claramente que o polimorfismo MMP-7 -181A>G aumentou significativamente o risco de CRC apenas em asiáticos.
Descritores: Polimorfismo Genético/genética
Neoplasias Gástricas/genética
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética
Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia
Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética
-Razão de Chances
Fatores de Risco
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Metanálise
Revisão Sistemática
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-779615
Autor: Machado-Duque, Manuel Enrique; Echeverri Chabur, Jorge Enrique; Machado-Alba, Jorge Enrique.
Título: Somnolencia diurna excesiva, mala calidad del sueño y bajo rendimiento académico en estudiantes de Medicina / Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, Poor Quality Sleep, and Low Academic Performance in Medical Students
Fonte: Rev. colomb. psiquiatr;44(3):137-142, jul.-dic. 2015. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La calidad del sueño y la somnolencia excesiva diurna (SED) alteran la capacidad cognoscitiva y el desempeño de los estudiantes de Medicina por alteración de sus horarios de sueño. Se pretendió establecer la prevalencia de SED y la calidad del sueño y evaluar su asociación con bajo rendimiento académico. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo observacional que incluyó una muestra aleatoria de 217 estudiantes de Medicina de la Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira que respondieron el cuestionario de Índice de Calidad de Sueño de Pittsburg (ICSP) y la escala de somnolencia de Epworth. Además se incluyeron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y académicas. Se realizaron análisis multivariables buscando asociación con bajo rendimiento académico. Resultados: Los estudiantes evaluados tenían una edad promedio de 21,7 ± 3,3 arios; el 59,4% eran varones. Se estableció que el 49,8% tenía criterios de SED y el 79,3% eran malos dormidores (ICSP > 5). El 43,3% tuvo bajo rendimiento académico durante el último semestre. El análisis bivariado reveló que haber consumido tabaco o alcohol hasta la embriaguez, tener calidad de sueño subjetiva bastante mala, eficiencia <65% y ser mal dormidor se asociaron con mayor riesgo de bajo desempeño. En el análisis multivariable, una eficiencia de sueño < 65% se asoció estadísticamente con pobre rendimiento académico (p = 0,024; odds ratio = 4,23; Intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,12-15,42). Conclusiones: La baja calidad del sueño determinada por baja eficiencia influye en un menor rendimiento académico al final del semestre de los estudiantes de Medicina.

Introduction:Quality of sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) affect cognitive ability and performance of medical students. This study attempts to determine the prevalence of EDS, sleep quality, and assess their association with poor academic performance in this population. Material and methods: A descriptive, observational study was conducted on a random sample of 217 medical students from the Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, who completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and the Epworth sleepiness scale. Socio-demographic, clinic and academic variables were also measured. Multivariate analyses for poor academic performance were performed. Results:The included students had a mean age of 21.7 ± 3.3 years, of whom 59.4% were men. Almost half (49.8%) had EDS criteria, and 79.3% were poor sleepers (PSQI > 5), while 43.3% had poor academic performance during the last semester. The bivariate analysis showed that having used tobacco or alcohol until intoxicated, fairly bad subjective sleep quality, sleep efficiency < 65%, and being a poor sleeper were associated with increased risk of low performance. Sleep efficiency < 65% was statistically associated with poor academic performance (P=.024; OR = 4.23; 95% CI, 1.12-15.42) in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: A poor sleep quality determined by low efficiency was related to poor academic achievement at the end of semester in medical students.
Descritores: Estudantes de Medicina
Desempenho Acadêmico
Sonolência
-Sono
Estudantes/psicologia
Razão de Chances
Análise Multivariada
Gestão da Qualidade
Afeto
Intoxicação Alcoólica
Sucesso Acadêmico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: CO78 - Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría


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Id: lil-791327
Autor: Espinosa Soto, Katalina; Hernández Carrillo, Mauricio; Cassiani, Carlos Arturo; Cubides Munevar, Ángela M; Martínez Cardona, María del Carmen.
Título: Factores relacionados con el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en una institución educativa de Jamundí Valle, Colombia / Factors Related With Psychoactive Substance Use in an Educational Institution in Jamundí Valle, Colombia
Fonte: Rev. colomb. psiquiatr;45(1):2-7, ene.-mar. 2016. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia del consumo de sustancias psicoactivas (SPA) entre los jóvenes de una institución educativa de Jamundí y sus posibles factores relacionados. Método: Estudio transversal con enfoque analítico que simula casos y controles. Se midió una institución educativa de Jamundí-Valle. Conformaron la muestra 146 estudiantes escogidos por muestreo probabilístico aleatorio simple sin reemplazo. Los participantes diligenciaron individual y anónimamente un cuestionario para identificar el consumo de SPA y sus factores asociados, incluyendo la escala de Apgar para medir el funcionamiento familiar. Una vez diligenciados los cuestionarios, los datos se ingresaron en una matriz en Microsoft Excel y se procesaron en los programas EpiInfo versión 5.0 y Stata. Se realizó análisis descriptivo bivariable y multivariable mediante regresión logística no condicionada. Resultados: Se halló consumo actual de SPA en el 35% de la muestra; la edad de inicio del consumo fue entre los 10 y los 13 años; la prevalencia de consumo de SPA por sexo es del 34% de las mujeres y el 37% de los hombres; la sustancia legal más consumida es el alcohol (34%), y el consumo de las ilegales es del 3%. Las asociaciones más significativas con el consumo de SPA son: tener disfunción familiar grave (odds ratio [OR] = 7,32; intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%], 1,74-30,76), cursar el grado 11 (OR = 14,6; IC95%, 2,37-89,74) y tener amigos que consumen (OR = 3,12; IC95%, 2,49-10,38). Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio muestran un alto porcentaje de consumo de SPA, con mayor prevalencia en el sexo masculino; en esta población, la sustancia legal más consumida es el alcohol. La disfunción familiar y el grado escolar se asocian de manera significativa con el consumo de SPA.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of psychoactive substances (SPA) use in young people in an educational institution in Jamundí and possible related factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study, analytical approach that simulates cases and controls, was conducted in an educational institution in Jamundí-Valley. The sample was composed of 146 students selected through simple random probability sampling without replacement. Participants individually and anonymously completed a questionnaire to identify SPA consumption and associated factors, including APGAR scale to measure family functioning. The data extracted from the questionnaires were entered into a matrix in Microsoft Excel and processed in Epilnfo version 5.0 and Stata. Descriptive analysis was performed, and a multivariate analysis was performed using unconditional logistic regression. Results: Current consumption of SPA, 35%; age of first use was 10 to 13 years; the prevalence of drug misuse by gender was 34% for girls and 37% in boys. The most consumed legal substance was alcohol 34%, and illegal 3%. The most significant associations with the use of psychoactive substances was; having severe family dysfunction (OR=7.32; 95%CI, 1.7430.76), being enrolled in the 11th grade (OR = 14.6; 95%CI, 2.37-89.74), and having friends who use (OR = 3.12; 95%CI, 2.49-10.38). Conclusions: The results obtained in this study show a high percentage of SPA consumption, with a higher prevalence in males. In this population, the most commonly used legal substance is alcohol. Family dysfunction and school grade were significantly associated with drug misuse.
Descritores: Instituições Acadêmicas
Uso Indevido de Medicamentos
-Razão de Chances
Prevalência
Estudos Transversais
Análise Multivariada
Colômbia
Etanol
Identidade de Gênero
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Responsável: CO78 - Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría


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Id: lil-791338
Autor: Ortiz Martínez, Roberth Alirio; Castillo, Alejandro.
Título: Relación entre estrés durante el embarazo y nacimiento pretérmino espontáneo / Relation Between Stress During Pregnancy and Spontaneous Preterm Birth
Fonte: Rev. colomb. psiquiatr;45(2):75-83, abr.-jun. 2016. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: El nacimiento pretérmino es el que ocurre antes de completar las 37 semanas; sus causas son multifactoriales y varían según la edad gestacional y el contexto étnico y geográfico. Aunque varios factores médicos/sociales han sido bien identificados, en más del 50% de los casos no son conocidos o no son claros, pero los componentes psicopatológicos emergen como factores de riesgo potencialmente importantes. Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el estrés durante el embarazo y el nacimiento pretérmino espontáneo. Métodos: Estudio de casos y controles en un hospital de tercer nivel, con una muestra de 360 pacientes a los que, durante el periodo de marzo a noviembre de 2013, además de recopilar las características sociodemográficas, se les aplicaron escalas de reajuste social, estrategias de afrontamiento y apoyo social. Se desarrollaron modelos de regresión logística, psicológico, biológico y social. Con base en las variables significantes en cada uno de estos, se generó uno final. Resultados: En el modelo final se encontró que el estrés durante el embarazo aumenta la oportunidad de parto pretérmino espontáneo en 1,91 veces (odds ratio ajustada = 2,91; intervalo de confianza del 95%, 1,67-5,08; p < 0,05). Otras variables significantes son: antecedentes de parto pretérmino, gestación no planeada, ausencia de apoyo afectivo, residencia rural, control prenatal no adecuado y pareja no estable. Conclusiones: Los hallazgos confirman la hipótesis de que el estrés durante la gestación está relacionado con parto pretérmino espontáneo.

Background: Preterm birth occurs before 37 completed weeks, its causes are multifactorial and vary according to the gestational age, ethnicity and geographical context. Although several medical/social factors have been clearly identified, over 50% of cases are unknown or unclear; however, psychopathological components emerge as potentially important risk factors. Objective: To determine the relationship between the presence of stress during pregnancy and spontaneous preterm birth. Material and methods: Through a study of cases and controls in a level III hospital, with a sample of 360 patients during the period from March to November of 2013, where socio-demographic characteristics were collected. In addition, they were applied scales social adjustment, coping strategies and social support. Logistic regression models were developed; psychological, biological and social. Based on the significant variables in each of these generated a final one. Results: The final model was found that stress during pregnancy increases the odds of spontaneous preterm birth 1.91 times (adjusted OR = 2.91; 95%CI, 1.67-5.08; P<.05). Other significant variables were: history of preterm delivery, unplanned pregnancy, no emotional support, rural residence, inadequate prenatal care and non-stable partner. Conclusions: The findings support the hypothesis that stress during pregnancy is associated with spontaneous preterm delivery.
Descritores: Recém-Nascido Prematuro
Idade Gestacional
Angústia Psicológica
Trabalho de Parto Prematuro
-Cuidado Pré-Natal
Apoio Social
Adaptação Psicológica
Grupos Étnicos
Razão de Chances
Nascimento Prematuro
Gravidez não Planejada
Identidade de Gênero
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Gravidez
Recém-Nascido
Adulto
Responsável: CO78 - Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría


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Id: biblio-1120172
Autor: Melo, Anna Bianca Ribeiro; Siqueira, Janaina Moreno de; Silva, Marize Barbosa; Silva, Pablo Alexandre; Antonian, Glória Maria de Moraes; Farias, Sheila Nascimento Pereira de.
Título: Danos à saúde e qualidade de vida no trabalho de enfermeiros hospitalares: um estudo transversal / Hospital nurses' health and quality of life at work harms: a cross-sectional study / Daños a la salud y calidad de vida en el trabajo de las enfermeras hospitalarias: un estudio transversal
Fonte: Rev. enferm. UERJ;28:e46505, jan.-dez. 2020.
Idioma: en; pt.
Resumo: Objetivo: analisar a associação entre danos à saúde e qualidade de vida no trabalho de enfermeiros hospitalares. Método: estudo quantitativo, descritivo, transversal, com 145 enfermeiros, aprovado pela comissão de ética sob protocolos 1.634.051 e 1.643.912. Utilizaram-se estatísticas descritivas, análises bivariadas, teste qui-quadrado, cálculo da razão de chance e intervalos de confiança. Resultados: observou-se que o consumo de medicamentos provocado/agravado pelo trabalho aumentou em 2,31 vezes a chance de o enfermeiro ter baixa qualidade de vida no trabalho; transtornos do sono provocados/agravados pelo trabalho aumentou em 3,15 vezes a chance de ter baixa qualidade de vida no trabalho; cefaleia frequente provocada/agravada pelo trabalho aumentou a chance em 1,98 vezes de ter baixa qualidade de vida no trabalho. Conclusão: condições de trabalho impactam na saúde e qualidade de vida do trabalho do enfermeiro. Ambientes de trabalho adequados proporcionam satisfação pessoal e profissional, além de manterem a qualidade da força de trabalho do enfermeiro.

Objective: to examine the association between health harm and quality of life in the work of hospital nurses. Method: this quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, with 145 nurses, after approval by research ethics committee ­ protolcols 1.634.051 and 1.643.912. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, chi-square test, odds ratio and confidence intervals were used. Results: the odds of nurses' quality of life at work being poor were found to be increased 2.31 times by work-related or - aggravated medicine consumption; 3.15 times by work-related or -aggravated sleep disorders; and 1.98 times by frequent workrelated or -aggravated headache. Conclusion: working conditions impact on nurses' health and quality of life at work. Appropriate work environments favor personal and professional satisfaction and maintain the quality of the nurse's workforce.

Objetivo: examinar la asociación entre daños a la salud y calidad de vida en el trabajo de enfermeras hospitalarias. Método: estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal, con 145 enfermeros, previa aprobación del comité de ética en investigación - protolcols 1.634.051 y 1.643.912. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, análisis bivariados, prueba de chi-cuadrado, razón de probabilidades e intervalos de confianza. Resultados: se encontró que las probabilidades de que la calidad de vida de las enfermeras en el trabajo sea deficiente aumentaban 2,31 veces por el consumo de medicamentos relacionados con el trabajo o agravados; 3,15 veces por trastornos del sueño relacionados con el trabajo o agravados; y 1,98 veces por dolor de cabeza frecuente relacionado con el trabajo o agravado. Conclusión: las condiciones laborales repercuten en la salud y la calidad de vida de las enfermeras en el trabajo. Los entornos laborales adecuados favorecen la satisfacción personal y profesional y mantienen la calidad de la fuerza laboral de la enfermería.
Descritores: Qualidade de Vida
Condições de Trabalho
Saúde do Trabalhador
Hospitais Universitários
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
-Automedicação
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília
Brasil
Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Intervalos de Confiança
Razão de Chances
Epidemiologia Descritiva
Estudos Transversais
Local de Trabalho
Cefaleia
Satisfação no Emprego
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Responsável: BR1366.1 - Biblioteca Biomédica B - CB/B (Odontologia e Enfermagem)


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Id: biblio-961413
Autor: Petermann, Fanny; Garrido-Méndez, Alex; Díaz-Martínez, Ximena; Leiva, Ana María; Martínez, Maríaadela; Poblete-Valderrama, Felipe; Salas, Carlos; Cristi-Montero, Carlos; Celis-Morales, Carlos.
Título: Tiempo destinado a estar sentado y niveles de adiposidad ¿Cuál es su efecto sobre el desarrollo de diabetes mellitus tipo 2? / The joint effect of sitting time and obesity on the odds of developing type 2 diabetes
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;146(4):433-441, abr. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: Obesity and sedentary behavior are risk factors acting independently in the development of type 2 diabetes. Aim: To investigate whether the association between diabetes and obesity is modified by the levels of sitting time (ST) in the Chilean population. Material and Methods: We included 4,611 participants from the cross-sectional 2009-2010 Chilean National Health Survey in this study. Diabetes was determined as fasting glucose levels ≥126 mg/dl. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured using standardized protocols. Sitting time was assessed using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The association among diabetes, obesity and ST was determined using logistic regression. Results: The odds for diabetes increased by 3.1-fold in people with high levels of ST and obesity in comparison to those with low levels of ST and normal BMI (Odds ratio (OR): 4.17 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 2.87 to 6.05], P < 0.01). The odds for diabetes increased by 2.7- fold in highly sedentary subjects with central obesity (OR: 3.73 [95% IC: 2.61 to 5.33], P < 0.01) in comparison to those with low levels of ST and normal WC. Conclusions: Elevated levels of sitting time and obesity are associated with a higher odds of developing diabetes.
Descritores: Postura
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia
Comportamento Sedentário
Obesidade/complicações
-Fatores de Tempo
Exercício Físico
Índice de Massa Corporal
Modelos Logísticos
Razão de Chances
Chile
Estudos de Coortes
Circunferência da Cintura
Autorrelato
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1098944
Autor: Díaz Cárdenas, Shyrley; Arrieta Vergara, Katherine; Simancas-Pallares, Miguel.
Título: Adicción a internet y rendimiento académico de estudiantes de Odontología / Internet Addiction and Academic Performance in Dental Students
Fonte: Rev. colomb. psiquiatr;48(4):198-207, oct.-dic. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN Objetivo: Estimar la asociación entre la adicción a internet (AI) y el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de Odontología de la Universidad de Cartagena. Material y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal en 402 estudiantes, seleccionados de modo no probabilístico, que respondieron a un cuestionario anónimo autoaplicado que incluía variables sociodemográficas, rendimiento académico (promedio acumulado del último semestre), presencia de AI (test de Young) y variables relacionadas con la AI en función del rendimiento académico. Los datos se analizaron a partir de proporciones, relaciones entre variables con test de la X 2, y la asociación se obtuvo por razones de disparidad (OR) a través de regresión logística nominal. Resultados: El 75,3% de los estudiantes mostraban AI; el 24,63% utilizaba internet mucho menos que la población promedio; el 73,13% mostraba una AI leve; el 2,24%, una AI moderada y no hubo casos de AI grave; el 5,2% tenía bajo rendimiento académico. En el análisis multivariable, el modelo que mejor explica la AI en relación con el rendimiento académico fue: estudiar en semestres inferiores (OR = 0,54; IC95%, 0,32-0,91), estudiar en lugar distinto de la casa (OR = 3,38; IC95%, 1,71-6,68), usar elemento no portátil para estudiar (OR = 0,41; IC95%, 0,19-0,89), chatear por celular (OR = 2,43; IC95%, 1,45-3,06) y demorar más de 18 min (OR = 3,20; IC95%, 1,71-5,99) mientras se estudia. Conclusiones: El rendimiento académico no se asocia con la AI. Sin embargo, estudiar en semestres inferiores, en un lugar distinto de la casa, emplear elementos no portátiles para estudiar e invertir más de 18 min en contestar el celular y chatear mientras se estudia son covariables estadísticamente asociadas con la AI.

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association between Internet addiction (IA) and academic performance in dental students at the University of Cartagena. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 402 students included through non-probabilistic sampling who answered an anonymous and self-reporting questionnaire that included socio-demographic variables, academic performance (last semester overall grade), presence of IA (Young's Test) and covariates related to IA based on academic performance. Data were analysed by means of proportions, relationships between variables with the X 2 test and strength of association was estimated with odds ratios (OR) using nominal logistic regression. Results: Approximately 24.63% of the students used the Internet much less than the average population, but 75.3% had IA; 73.13% of cases were considered mild and 2.24% moderate. There were no severe cases. Around 5.2% had poor academic performance. In multivariate analysis, the model that best explained IA in relation to academic performance was: studying in lower-level courses (OR=0.54; 95% CI, 0.32-0.91); studying in a different places of the house (OR=3.38; 95% CI, 1.71-6.68); not using laptop for studying (OR=0.41; 95% CI, 0.19-0.89), chatting on mobile phone (OR=2.43; 95% CI, 1.45-3.06); and spending more than 18 minutes on mobile phone while studying (OR=3.20; 95% CI, 1.71-5.99). Conclusions: Academic performance was not associated with AI. However, studying in lower-level courses, in a different place of the house, not using laptop to study, and spending more than 18 minutes answering their mobile phone and chatting on mobile phone while studying were covariates statistically associated with IA.
Descritores: Estudantes de Odontologia
Internet
Desempenho Acadêmico
-Universidades
Razão de Chances
Estudos Transversais
Análise Multivariada
Telefone Celular
Ego
Anônimos e Pseudônimos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: CO78 - Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría


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Id: biblio-1045715
Autor: Changoor, TMR; Hutchinson, G.
Título: The prevalence of depressive symptoms in a Trinidadian cardiac population / Prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en una población cardiaca de Trinidad
Fonte: West Indian med. j;62(7):620-627, Sept. 2013. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The current study investigated the prevalence of depressive symptoms in persons with self-reported cardiovascular disease and the interactions of depressive symptoms, reported cardiovascular disease and gender in a Trinidadian population. Between June 2009 and August 2009, 425 participants were recruited from the Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex (EWMSC) Heart Clinic and all the participants completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Clinical and demographic variables were obtained from the sociodemographic questionnaire. Forty-seven per cent of the self-reported cardiovascular disease participants were identified as having high depressive symptoms as compared to 32% of those who did not report having a cardiovascular illness. The odds ratio indicated that high depressive symptoms are more likely to occur in individuals with reported cardiovascular disease. The Mann-Whitney test revealed females had significantly higher levels of depressive symptoms than males. Previous studies suggest that depression is a risk factor for adverse prognosis in a cardiac population, therefore future research examining the link between depression and cardiovascular disease is warranted.

El presente estudio investigó la prevalencia de síntomas depresivos en personas con enfermedad cardiovascular autoreportadas y las interacciones de los síntomas depresivos, las enfermedades cardiovasculares reportadas y el género en una población de Trinidad y Tobago. Entre junio y agosto de 2009, 425 participantes fueron reclutados de la Clínica Cardiológica del Complejo de Ciencias Médicas Eric Williams (EWMSC), todos los participantes respondieron la Escala de Depresión del Centro de Estadios Epidemiológicos, y se obtuvieron las variables demográficas y clínicas del cuestionario sociodemográfico. Cuarenta y siete por ciento de los participantes con enfermedades cardiovasculares autoreportadas fueron identificados con síntomas depresivos altos en comparación con el 32% de aquellos que no reportaron tener enfermedad cardiovascular. El cociente de probabilidades (OR) indicó que los síntomas depresivos altos tienen mayor probabilidad de ocurrir en individuos con enfermedades cardiovasculares reportadas. La prueba de Mann-Whitney reveló que las hembras presentaban niveles significativamente mayores de síntomas depresivos que los varones. Los estudios previos sugieren que la depresión es un factor de riesgo para un pronóstico adverso en una población cardiaca. Por lo tanto, es un hecho que la investigación futura necesita examinar el vínculo entre depresión y enfermedad cardiovascular.
Descritores: Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Depressão/epidemiologia
-Trinidad e Tobago/epidemiologia
Razão de Chances
Fatores Sexuais
Prevalência
Autorrelato
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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