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Id: lil-676733
Autor: Pedrosa Guimaraes, Renata; Martins Amorim de Moura, Camila; Alves, Klécio de Andrade; Morais, Gustavo Perazzo; Beatrice, Lúcia Carneiro de Souza; Vicente da Silva, Claudio Heliomar.
Título: Blanqueamiento de dientes vitales: estudio in vitro sobre la eficacia de diferentes técnicas utilizando peróxido de hidrógeno / Vital teeth Whitening: in vitro study on the effectiveness of different techniques using hydrogen peroxide
Fonte: Acta odontol. venez;50(1):7-18, 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Verificar la influencia del tiempo de exposición y de la activación con energía luminosa sobre la eficacia de diversas técnicas de blanqueamiento utilizando el peróxido de hidrógeno a 35% (PH 35%). 300 incisivos bovinos fueron divididos en seis grupos: G1 (Pola Office / SDI); G2 (PH 35% manipulado con solución indicadora /Fórmula activa); G3 (PH 35% manipulado sin solución indicadora /Fórmula activa); G4 (Mix One/Villevie); G5 (Pola Office Red/SDI); G6 (Lase Peroxide Sensy/DMC) - y 10 subgrupos de acuerdo con la técnica utilizada, teniendo como grupo control las técnicas preconizadas por los fabricantes frente a nueve técnicas experimentales variando el tiempo de exposición al gel (5, 10 o 15 min) y la forma de activación (sin activación; activación con aparato de LED-Radii/SDI o LED/Láser-Whitening Lase II/DMC). El test F-Anova no reveló diferencia significativa (p>0,05) entre la mayoría de los grupos analizados para todas las técnicas experimentales, excepto entre G2XG3 y G2XG4 (p=0,0135) en la Técnica Experimental - TE2 (10min sin activación), G2XG1; G2XG4; G2XG5 y G6XG4 (p=0,0008) en la TE5 (10 min. + LED). La comparación entre las técnicas en cada grupo reveló diferencias solo en el G3 (p=0,0051) y G5 (p=0,0351), donde la TE7 (5 min. + Láser) y TE4 (5 min. + LED), respectivamente, obtuvieron excelentes resultados blanqueadores. El uso de la energía LED/Láser mejoró la eficacia del G4 (p=0,0196) solo en la TE8 (10 min. + Láser). Todos los productos analizados fueron eficaces en producir el efecto blanqueador. La reducción del tiempo de exposición no influenció en los resultados. La utilización de energía luminosa no influenció en la eficacia del blanqueamiento de la mayoría de los productos experimentados, pero aumentó la velocidad del efecto blanqueador cuando el tiempo de exposición al gel fue reducido a cinco minutos.
Descritores: Clareamento Dental/métodos
Estética Dentária
Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico
-Odontologia
Limites: Animais
Bovinos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1141925
Autor: Esparza-Reyes, Estefanía; Beltrán Varas, Víctor; Beltrán Varas, Pamela.
Título: La obligación de informar y el consentimiento informado en Odontología: una mirada crítica más allá de la regulación normativa / Right to be informed and informed consent in Dentistry: A critical look beyond law regulation / A obrigação de informar e o consentimento informado em Odontologia: uma visão crítica para além da regulação normativa
Fonte: Acta bioeth;26(2):195-204, oct. 2020.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: Universidad de La Frontera.
Resumo: Resumen El presente trabajo tiene por finalidad mostrar que la regulación normativa chilena de la obligación de informar y el consentimiento informado en Odontología no resultan suficientes para un apropiado ejercicio de tales derechos. Para ello describe en qué consisten tales obligaciones, considerando aspectos históricos y doctrinarios, y analiza el derecho a ser informado y el consentimiento informado haciendo énfasis en su finalidad y utilidad. Detalla además, de manera crítica y pormenorizada, la actual regulación chilena sobre la materia y aspectos de la práctica odontológica en materia de consentimiento informado. En último término, propone soluciones para superar los inconvenientes encontrados.

Abstract This article aims to make clear that the Chilean regulation of the right to be informed and informed consent in Dentistry is not sufficient for the proper exercise of such rights. To do this, it begins by describing this obligations, considering historical and doctrinal aspects. It continues to analyze the right to be informed and informed consent, emphasizing its purpose and usefulness. Subsequently, the current Chilean regulation on the matter is critically detailed, to finish exposing aspects of dental practice in the field of informed consent. Lastly, some solution proposals for overcoming the problems found are indicated.

Resumo O presente trabalho tem por finalidade mostrar que a regulação normativa chilena da obrigação de informar e do consentimento informado em Odontologia não é suficiente para um exercício apropriado de tais direitos. Para isto, descreve no que consistem tais obrigações, considerando aspectos históricos e doutrinários, e analisa o direito a ser informado e o consentimento informado dando ênfase na sua finalidade e utilidade. Além disto, detalha de maneira crítica e pormenorizada a atual regulação chilena sobre o tema e aspectos da prática odontológica em termos de consentimento informado. Por fim, propõe soluções para superar os inconvenientes encontrados.
Descritores: Filosofia Odontológica
Odontologia
Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido
Jurisprudência
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL58.1 - Biblioteca


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1134560
Autor: Humeres-Sigala, Carlos; Márquez, Agustín; González-Ritchie, Paulina; Valenzuela-Ramos, Ricardo; Rivera-Saavedra, Marcelo; Vásquez, Pablo; Araya-Salas, Cristóbal.
Título: Manejo Multidisciplinario de la Cavidad Oral en Pacientes COVID-19 bajo Ventilación Mecánica Invasiva. Rol del Equipo Odontológico / Multidisciplinary Management of the Oral Cavity in COVID-19 Patients under Invasive Mechanical Ventilation. Role of the Dental Team
Fonte: Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print);14(4):701-704, dic. 2020. graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN: El objetivo de este artículo es presentar algunas consideraciones odontológicas y un protocolo de mantención para el manejo y cuidado de cavidad oral en pacientes en ventilación mecánica invasiva (VMI) en unidades de cuidados intensivos hospitalarios. Además, presentar recomendaciones para la implementación de estas. Desde el desarrollo del COVID-19 en el mundo, los casos de VMI prolongada han aumentado y junto con ellos, se ha visibilizado las complicaciones propias de este tipo de terapia, dentro de las cuales encontramos aquellas que afectan la cavidad oral. Los centros hospitalarios normalmente cuentan con servicios dentales conformados por distintas especialidades, las cuales en un trabajo mancomunado pueden entregar herramientas y educar al personal encargado para el cuidado de la cavidad oral en estos pacientes si es que son requeridos, siendo el odontólogo el encargado de evaluar las distintas situaciones clínicas y entregar directrices para la prevención y tratamiento de patología de la cavidad oral. En este trabajo se describen los pasos a seguir para realizar una correcta higiene oral de estos pacientes y el manejo de las distintas complicaciones posibles de observar, junto con la experiencia local de cómo solucionarlos de la mejor manera. Consideramos importante que las unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI) conozcan el rol del odontólogo y las acciones que este equipo puede aportar en el cuidado de los pacientes hospitalizados para disminuir los riesgos asociados a ventilación prolongada, basados principalmente en el manejo de la higiene oral y lesiones asociadas.

ABSTRACT: The aim of this sutudy dental considerations and an oral cavity maintenance and care protocol in patients on invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) in hospital intensive care units. Since the development of COVID-19 in the world, cases of prolonged IMV have increased and together with them, the complications of this type of therapy have been made visible, among which we find those that affect the oral cavity. Hospital centers normally have dental services made up of different specialties, which in a joint effort can provide tools and educate the personnel in charge of the care of the oral cavity in these patients if they are required, being the dentist the one in charge of evaluating and deliver guidelines for the prevention and treatment of pathology of the oral cavity. This work describes the steps to be followed to carry out correct oral hygiene in these patients and the management of the different complications that may be observed, along with local experience on how to best solve them. We consider important that the intensive care units (ICU) get to know the role of the dentist in the hospital environment and that they become part of the care of hospitalized patients to reduce the risks associated with prolonged ventilation, based mainly on oral hygiene management and associated injuries.
Descritores: Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos
Respiração Artificial/instrumentação
Infecções por Coronavirus
-Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração
Protocolos Clínicos/normas
Odontologia
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
Boca
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1177474
Autor: Gomes, Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Almeida Gomes; Arruda-Vasconcelos, Rodrigo; Louzada, Lidiane Mendes; Marciano, Marina Angélica; Soares, Adriana de Jesus.
Título: Teaching experiences during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in a Brazilian School of Dentistry
Fonte: Braz. j. oral sci;19:e201109, jan.-dez. 2020.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The coronavirus outbreak (2019) represents a public health emergency of global concern. Several measures have been taken to minimise the risk of infection among the population, including social distancing, working from home, closure of non-essential activities since the detection of the first case in Brazil. This study describes the teaching experiences during the SARS-COV-2 pandemic in a Brazilian School of Dentistry. The State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) was the first public university in Brazil to stop all the classroom activities on 13th of March 2020 due to COVID-19, followed by other universities. UNICAMP developed several initiatives and created a special support page for digital teaching, where it is possible to obtain guidance, support materials for teachers and a space for exchanging messages (e-mail and chat) for specific guidelines. UNICAMP has started lending computer equipment to undergraduate and graduate students according to socioeconomic criteria. Along with the equipment, 500 chips have been delivered with 10 GB of internet so that these students are able to access the network and carry out the remote activities related to their courses. In conclusion, quality education is the key-element in forming high-quality professionals that will in a near future provide health care for the community, be part in international research groups and become lecturers
Descritores: Coronavirus
Vírus da SARS
Odontologia
Infecções
Tipo de Publ: Carta
Responsável: BR218.1 - Biblioteca Carlos Henrique Robertson Liberalli


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Id: biblio-1177450
Autor: Markarian, Roberto Adrian; Silva, Renan Lucio Berbel da; Burgoa, Shaban; Pinhata-Baptista, Otavio Henrique; No-Cortes, Juliana; Cortes, Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez.
Título: Clinical relevance of Digital Dentistry during COVID-19 outbreak: a scoped review
Fonte: Braz. j. oral sci;19:e200201, jan.-dez. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Aim: To perform a scoped literature review on advantages of digital workflows in dentistry that could be widely adopted to address safety issues raised during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: Recent studies on any advantages of digital dentistry ­ as compared to conventional methods ­ that could help addressing the new safety demands for dental treatments that emerged due to the current pandemic were included. PUBMED, Embase, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for eligible articles published in the last five years. The guidelines of PRISMA statement were followed during data extraction and evaluation. Results: The present search strategy yielded 181 publications. After application of exclusion criteria, a total of 34 studies were finally considered eligible to be discussed. Among the most important advantages of digital dentistry that contribute to safety during the current pandemic are: reduced number of clinical appointments required, shorter chairside time, less invasive surgeries and safer procedures. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the findings observed herein suggest that the use of digital workflows in dentistry could lead to increased safety and reduced transmission of COVID-19 during the current pandemic
Descritores: Tecnologia Odontológica
Infecções por Coronavirus
Odontologia
Fluxo de Trabalho
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR218.1 - Biblioteca Carlos Henrique Robertson Liberalli


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Id: biblio-1177174
Autor: Cumerlato, Catarina Borges da Fonseca; Rotta, Rodrigo Nunes; Oliveira, Luísa Jardim Corrêa de; Corrêa, Marcos Britto.
Título: #Dentalpain: what do the brazilian Instagram® users want to mean?
Fonte: Braz. j. oral sci;19:e208591, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate what brazilian Instagram® users manifest when they use #dordedente (#dentalpain in portuguese). Methods: The content of 1,000 publications related to dental pain was evaluated. Through print screens posts were collected in two periods (2015 and 2020) and organized into files. Variables related to characteristics of users, publication's type, cause of pain, impact on daily life and actions take to relieve pain were collected. Data analysis was realized through the qualitative methodology of conventional content analysis and a descriptive analysis (95% CI) was performed. Results: In the first assessment period 76% of the posts referred to self-declaration of pain. Regarding to the users' characteristics, 54% were female, 20.4% male, and the remaining 25.6% were clinic/ company profiles, or it was not possible to identify the user's gender. Apparently, 34.4% of users were adults, 18.6% were adolescents and only 1.2% were children. On the other hand, in the second evaluation the vast majority (99.6%) were clinic/company profiles. In addition, 90.2% were informative posts and only 3 posts (0.6%) were related to self-declaration of pain. Conclusions:The social network Instagram® serves as an efficient means of communication for informative and advertising purposes being an interesting alternative for the dissemination of health information, and as an instrument of health surveillance
Descritores: Dor
Qualidade de Vida
Odontalgia
Odontologia
Mídias Sociais
Responsável: BR218.1 - Biblioteca Carlos Henrique Robertson Liberalli


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Alves, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes
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Id: biblio-1152211
Autor: Bezerra, Tácio Pinheiro; Campêlo, Clarissa Sales de Paula; Oliveira, Francisco Artur Forte; Forte, Clarissa Pessoa Fernandes; Gomes, Aghata Kelma Palácio; Silva, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros; Carvalho, Bráulio Matias de; Alves, Ana Paula Negreiros Nunes; Sousa, Fabrício Bitu.
Título: Pneumonia and the role of dentistry on ICU Staff: 8-year analysis of health indicators
Fonte: Braz. j. oral sci;19:e200436, jan.-dez. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most prevalent healthcare-associated infections (HAI) and causes of death in intensive care units (ICUs), and studies have shown its relation to oral health. Aim: To report the impact of the incorporation of dental professionals into multidisciplinary ICU staff on the incidence of VAP. Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out to collect and analyze health indicators of patients in the ICUs from 2011 to 2018 and to differentiate these indicators between the periods before and after the participation of dental staff in the ICU. This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results:The average number of monthly ICU admissions was 105.89 ± 169.72, and the discharge was 105.21 ± 168.96, with a monthly average number of deaths within 24 h of 38.61 ± 62.27. The average number of monthly HAI-related deaths decreased from 2011 to 2018, followed by a reduction in cases of HAI per month. The average monthly number of HAIs related to mechanical ventilation (MV) decreased, and the same was observed for the infection density of HAIs related to MV (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, there was a significant decrease in the number of HAIs related to MV (p = 0.005). Conclusion: Although a reduction in the number of admissions or complexity of cases was not observed in the study period, multidisciplinary staff practices were essential for controlling HAIs and the presence of dental professionals can assist in the control of HAIs related to MV
Descritores: Respiração Artificial
Odontologia
Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica
-Estudo Observacional
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR218.1 - Biblioteca Carlos Henrique Robertson Liberalli


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Id: biblio-1170583
Autor: Arrigó, Delia M.
Título: Informática
Fonte: Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol;46(165):20-2, dic.-mar. 1985. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Computadores
Odontologia
Sistemas de Informação
Responsável: AR29.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1170059
Autor: Bagur, Diego Bernardo.
Título: Día de la Odontología
Fonte: Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent;73(4):120, oct. 1985. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Odontologia
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Histórico
Responsável: AR29.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1161389
Autor: Luchini, Carlos Roberto.
Título: Etica / Ethics
Fonte: Conoc. odontolog;5(6):17-9, nov. 1997.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Prática Profissional/normas
Ética Odontológica
-Odontologia/tendências
Responsável: AR29.1 - Biblioteca



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