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Pesquisa : E07.230.220.190 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1000020
Autor: Osorio, Alexander.
Título: Variables que influyen en el pronóstico de la cirugía fotovaporización prostática mediante láser verde en el tratamiento de hiperplasia prostática benigna (HBP), en el servicio de urología del Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín / Influential variables in the prognosis of prostate photovaporization surgery through green laser in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia in the Urology Department of HCAM
Fonte: Cambios rev. méd;16(1):53-58, ene. - 2017. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: Determinar los factores de riesgo preoperatorios e intraoperatorios que influyen en el resultado final de la intervención con láser verde KTP en pacientes con Hiperplasia prostática benigna. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en una cohorte de 153 pacientes con diagnóstico de Hiperplasia Benigna de Próstata (HBP), sometidos a cirugía mediante láser verde KTP y realizada desde mayo 2010 a septiembre 2013 en el Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín. Analizamos variables preoperatorias como edad, volumen prostático medido por ecografía, peso prostático por tacto rectal, PSA, antecedentes urológicos, antecedentes patológicos personales y clasificación ASA; así como variables intraoperatorias: tiempo quirúrgico y complicaciones. Resultados: Éxito quirúrgico ocurrió en el 59% de la muestra. En el análisis bivariado y multivariado, tanto el volumen prostático medido por ecografía (≥ 40 cm3) y las complicaciones intraoperatorias fueron significativas. Discusión: La fotovaporización con láser verde es una técnica implementada en nuestro medio para el tratamiento de HBP. Es preciso estudiar múltiples variables para predecir el éxito o fracaso de la intervención quirúrgica. Palabras clave: laser verde, hiperplasia prostática benigna, fotovaporización.

Introduction: To determine preoperative and operative risk factors that may influence the final outcome of prostatic surgery using KTP green laser in patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Methods: Retrospective study performed within cohort of patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia who underwent surgery using KTP greenlight laser, conducted between May 2010 to September 2013, at Carlos Andrade Marín Hospital. Several pre-operative variables were analyzed, among them: age, ultrasound, prostatic volume, prostatic weight assessed by rectal examination, PSA, urological history, medical history and ASA classification; and also intraoperative variables like surgical time and surgical complications. Results: Successful outcome was seen in 59% of treated patients. In the bivariate and multivariate analysis prostatic volume measured with ultrasound and intraoperative complications achieved significance. Discusion: Green laser photovaporization is a technique already implemented in our country for the BPH treatment. Multiple variables should be analyzed in order to predict surgical outcome.
Descritores: Hiperplasia Prostática
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos
Lasers de Estado Sólido
-Urologia
Fatores de Risco
Cistoscópios
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: EC162.1


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Id: lil-723951
Autor: Greenstein, Alexander; Greenstein, Ithamar; Senderovich, Solomon; Mabjeesh, Nicola J..
Título: Is Diagnostic Cystoscopy Painful? Analysis of 1,320 Consecutive Procedures
Fonte: Int. braz. j. urol;40(4):533-538, Jul-Aug/2014. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective To prospectively evaluate self-reported pain levels associated with diagnostic cystoscopy. Materials and Methods Patients who underwent diagnostic cystoscopy and subsequently graded their pain level during the procedure were enrolled. Pain was graded on a Likert visual analog scale (VAS) of 1-10 where 0 = no pain and 10 = excruciating unbearable pain. Local lidocaine gel 2% was used as intraurethral lubricant. Results Data from 1320 consecutive cystoscopies (929 males, 391 females, age range 15-93 years) between 6/2009-1/2010 were analyzed. This was the first cystoscopy for 814 patients. The overall mean VAS was 2.74 ± 1.51 (range 0-9) for rigid cystoscopy and 2.48 ± 1.53 (range 0-10) for flexible cystoscopy (P = 0.004). The reported mean pain level for first-time cystoscopy was significantly higher than that for repeat cystoscopy (2.8 ± 1.6 vs. 2.2 ± 1.4, P < 0.001), regardless of gender or type of cystoscope. Men reported significantly higher pain levels than women 2.6 ± 1.5 vs. 2.4 ± 1.4 (P < 0.04). The highest mean pain level was reported by men (3.4 ± 1.6) and women (2.5 ± 1.6) for rigid cystoscopy compared to flexible cystoscopy (2.5 ± 1.4 and 1.1 ± 1.9, respectively, P < 0.001). Pain levels > 5 were reported in 75 (5.7%) cystoscopies. Conclusions Cystoscopy was not associated with distressing levels of pain. Pain levels during first cystoscopies were higher than those for repeated ones. Using a flexible cystoscope is associated with a lower pain level in both men and women and it should be used for both genders. .
Descritores: Cistoscopia/efeitos adversos
Medição da Dor/métodos
-Fatores Etários
Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico
Cistoscópios
Cistoscopia/instrumentação
Géis
Lidocaína/uso terapêutico
Análise Multivariada
Autorrelato
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores de Tempo
Limites: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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