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Pesquisa : E07.858.442.743.659 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1255160
Autor: Khazen B, Gabriel E; Ruiz M, Hernán; Rondón F, Francisco A.
Título: Tenodesis vs. tunelización del tendón flexor largo de los dedos en el tratamiento de la disfunción del tendón tibial posterior en estadio II / Tenodesis Vs. Tunneling of Flexor tendon length of the fingers in the treatment of Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction Stage II
Fonte: Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol;47(1), 2015. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El tratamiento , en el estadio II de disfunción del tendón tibial posterior (DTTP) consiste en la transferencia del tendón Flexor Largo de los dedos (FLD) para suplir al tendón tibial posterior insuficiente y un procedimiento óseo para corregir la deformidad adquirida del retropié. En este estudio, evaluamos la función y eficacia de la transferencia del FLD tunelizado en el escafoide tarsiano vs la tenodesis del mismo al muñón distal del tendón tibial posterior. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y comparativo de los pacientes intervenidos por esta patología en la Unidad de Pie y Tobillo del HCC, entre los años 2005 y 2012. En 27 pacientes se realizó tunelización del FLD en el escafoides tarsiano y en 49 pacientes se realizó tenodesis del FLD al muñón distal del tendón tibial posterior; en todos los pacientes se realizó un procedimiento óseo para corregir la deformidad adquirida del retropié. Se midió goniometricamente, inversión y flexión plantar del pie al año de postoperatorio en todos los pacientes y se comparó con el pie sano. Se evaluó pérdida de función ó dolor en zona de la transferencia. El análisis estadístico se realizó con t-student. Resultados: 6 pacientes presentaron DTTP bilateral y fueron descartados de este estudio. Los pacientes con tunelización del FLD en el escafoides tarsiano, presentaron una media de 62% de inversión y 86% de flexión plantar, los pacientes con tenodesis de FLD, presentaron una media de 86% de inversión y 89% de flexión plantar. Perdieron función del tendón, 1 paciente con tendón tunelizado, y 2 con tenodesis; presentaron dolor en la zona de la transferencia 2 pacientes con tenodesis del FLD. Conclusión: De nuestro estudio podemos concluir, que la tenodesis del FLD al muñón distal del tendón Tibial posterior, produce una mejor inversión del pie que la tunelización del FLD en el escafoides tarsiano(AU)

The surgical treatment of stage II posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is the transfer of the flexor digitorum longus tendon (FDL) to supply the posterior tibial tendon and a bone procedure to correct the acquired deformity of the hindfoot. In this study we evaluated the role and effectiveness of the FDL transfer to a tarsal scaphoid tunnel vs tenodesis of the distal stump of the posterior tibial tendon. Materials and methods: We performed a retrospective comparative study of patients with this disease in the Foot and Ankle Unit of HCC between 2005 and 2012, in 27 patients FDL tunnel was performed in the tarsal navicular and in 49 patients FDL tenodesis was performed to the distal posterior tibial tendon stump; in all patients a bone procedure was performed to correct acquired deformity of the hindfoot. Goniometrical measure was performed for forefoot inversion and plantar flexion at 12 months postop and compared with the healthy foot. Pain or loss of function in the transfer zone was evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using T-student. Results: 6 patients had bilateral and PTTD and were excluded from this study. Patients with tarsal scaphoid FDL tunnel showed a mean of 62% forefoot inversion and 86% of plantar flexion, patients with FDL tenodesis, showed an average of 86% forefoot inversion and 89% of plantar flexion. One tendon tunnel patient lost tendon function and 2 tenodesis patient lost tendon function. 2 patients with FDL tenodesis had pain in the transfer area. Conclusion: From our study we can conclude that FDL tenodesis to the distal posterior tibial tendon stump produces a better forefoot inversion than the FDL tarsal navicular tunnel(AU)
Descritores: Procedimentos Ortopédicos
Disfunção do Tendão Tibial Posterior
Tenodese
-Osteotomia
Reabilitação
Âncoras de Sutura
Órtoses do Pé
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-741371
Autor: Christovão, Thaluanna C. L; Pasini, Hugo; Grecco, Luanda A. C; Ferreira, Luiz A. B; Duarte, Natália A. C; Oliveira, Cláudia S.
Título: Effect of postural insoles on static and functional balance in children with cerebral palsy: A randomized controlled study
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(1):44-51, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Improved gait efficiency is one of the goals of therapy for children with cerebral palsy (CP). Postural insoles can allow more efficient gait by improving biomechanical alignment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of the combination of postural insoles and ankle-foot orthoses on static and functional balance in children with CP. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, double-blind, clinical trial. After meeting legal requirements and the eligibility criteria, 20 children between four and 12 years of age were randomly allocated either to the control group (CG) (n=10) or the experimental group (EG) (n=10). The CG used placebo insoles and the EG used postural insoles. The Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up-and-Go Test, Six-Minute Walk Test, and Gross Motor Function Measure-88 were used to assess balance as well as the determination of oscillations from the center of pressure in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions with eyes open and closed. Three evaluations were carried out: 1) immediately following placement of the insoles; 2) after three months of insole use; and 3) one month after suspending insole use. RESULTS: The EG achieved significantly better results in comparison to the CG on the Timed Up-and-Go Test as well as body sway in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions. CONCLUSION: Postural insoles led to an improvement in static balance among children with cerebral palsy, as demonstrated by the reduction in body sway in the anteroposterior and mediolateral directions. Postural insole use also led to a better performance on the Timed Up-and-Go Test. .
Descritores: Paralisia Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Paralisia Cerebral/reabilitação
Equilíbrio Postural
Órtoses do Pé
Marcha
-Método Duplo-Cego
Estudos Prospectivos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Cuba
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Id: biblio-954938
Autor: González Acosta, Silvio Alberto; Lam Sánchez, José; Moya Valdés, Claudia Esther; Tápanes Cruz, Tomás Ricardo.
Título: Análisis retrospectivo de los tratamientos del pie plano flexible (1977-2018) / Retrospective analysis of the treatments of flexible flatfoot (1977-2018)
Fonte: Medicentro (Villa Clara);22(3):208-217, jul.-set. 2018. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Pé Chato/terapia
Órtoses do Pé
Responsável: CU425.1 - Centro Provincial de Información de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara


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Id: biblio-878279
Autor: Andersen, Ana; Romaris, María José; Fontenla, Alejandra Rocío; Bouso, Carolina.
Título: Eficacia del tratamiento ortopédico en pie plano flexible pediátrico: revisión sistemática / Eficacy of orthopediac treatment of flexible flatfoot in pediatrics: A systematic review
Fonte: Med. infant;24(4):325-328, dic. 2017. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: El pie plano flexible es una de las entidades ortopédicas más frecuentes en Pediatría. Algunos autores lo consideran una variante anatómica. La incertidumbre en cuanto a su evolución y pronóstico, sumado a la preocupación y demanda por parte de los padres, hace que en muchas ocasiones se indique tratamiento ortésico. Metodología: se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane y Google académico, usando los términos therapy, flatfoot, flatfeet, pie plano y pes planus; población hasta los 18 años, publicaciones hasta abril 2017 y restringiendo por idiomas español e inglés. Para el aná- lisis de los artículos se utilizaron la guía de lectura crítica del Hospital Garrahan y la escala de calidad metodológica JADAD. Resultados: de 778 artículos encontrados, 421 correspondían a pacientes con enfermedad de base, 194 evaluaban corrección quirúrgica, 144 eran descriptivos, 7 comparaban diferentes ortesis entre sí y 7 eran revisiones de trabajos. Finalmente fueron analizados 5 trabajos (cuatro ECCAs y un estudio de cohorte). De los 5 artículos, 2 poseían aceptable y muy buena calidad metodológica según la escala JADAD, ninguno demostrando diferencias significativas con el tratamiento ortésico. De los 3 restantes, sólo uno halló mejores resultados en cuanto al alivio del dolor y de la marcha combinando ortesis con ejercicios (RR 0.33 y 0.29 respectivamente). Conclusión: en base a esta revisión no hay evidencia científica que demuestre la eficacia del uso de ortesis para la corrección del pie plano flexible en la población pediátrica sana.(AU)

Introduction: Flexible flatfoot is one of the most common orthopedic findings in children. Some authors consider the entity to be a normal anatomical variant. Uncertainty regarding outcome and prognosis added to the worries and demands of the parents often results in the indication of orthotic treatment. Methods: A systematic search was conducted in Medline, Lilacs, Cochrane, and Google academics using the terms therapy, flatfoot, flatfeet, and pes planus; population up to 18 years of age, publications until April 2017, in Spanish and English. For the analysis of the articles the critical reading guidelines of Hospital Garrahan and the JADAD scale for methodological quality were used. Results: Of 778 articles found, 421 were related to patients with an underlying disease, 194 evaluated surgical correction, 144 were descriptive studies, 7 compared different orthosis, and 7 were review studies. Finally, 5 studies were analyzed (four randomized controlled trials (RCT) and one cohort study). Of the five studies, two were considered acceptable and of good quality on the JADAD scale. None of the studies showed significant differences with orthotic treatment. Of the three remaining studies, only one found better results regarding pain relief and gait improvement with orthosis combined with exercise (RR 0.33 and 0.29, respectively). Conclusion: Based on this review, there is no scientific evidence that shows efficacy of the use of orthosis for the correction of flatfoot in healthy children. (AU)
Descritores: Pé Chato/terapia
Órtoses do Pé
-Resultado do Tratamento
Limites: Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: AR305.1 - SID - Servicio de Información y Documentación


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Rezende, Márcia Uchôa
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Id: lil-733006
Autor: Campos, Gustavo Constantino de; Rezende, Marcia Uchôa; Pasqualin, Thiago; Frucchi, Renato; Bolliger Neto, Raul.
Título: Lateral wedge insole for knee osteoarthritis: randomized clinical trial / Palmilha valgizante para osteoartrite de joelhos: ensaio clínico randomizado
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;133(1):13-19, Jan-Fev/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Optimal management of knee osteoarthritis requires a combination of pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods. The use of lateral wedge insoles to treat medial knee osteoarthritis is recommended, but there is still controversy about its efficacy. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether the use of lateral wedge insoles can diminish pain and improve function in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective randomized trial conducted in a tertiary-level hospital. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 58 patients with medial knee osteoarthritis and randomized them to use either a lateral wedge insole with subtalar strapping (Group W), or a neutral insole with subtalar strapping (Group N - control). All the patients were instructed to use the insole for five to ten hours per day. A visual analogue pain scale, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Lequesne questionnaire were applied at baseline and at weeks 2, 8 and 24. RESULTS: At weeks 8 and 24, both groups showed lower scores for WOMAC (P = 0,023 and P = 0,012 respectively). There were no statistically significant differences between the groups regarding the visual analogue pain scale, WOMAC or Lequesne results at any time evaluated. CONCLUSION: The use of a lateral wedge insole with subtalar strapping improved the patients' symptoms and function but was not superior ...

CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: O manejo ideal da osteoartrite de joelhos requer combinação entre modalidades farmacológicas e não farmacológicas. O uso de palmilhas valgizantes no tratamento da osteoartrite medial do joelho é recomendado, mas sua eficácia ainda é controversa. Este estudo objetiva verificar se o uso da palmilha valgizante pode diminuir a dor e melhorar a função dos pacientes com osteoartrite medial dos joelhos. DESENHO E LOCAL: Ensaio clínico prospectivo e randomizado conduzido em hospital de atenção terciária. MÉTODOS: Alocamos prospectivamente 58 pacientes com osteoartrite medial dos joelhos que foram randomizados para fazer uso de palmilha valgizante com amarrilho subtalar (Grupo W) ou palmilha neutra com amarrilho subtalar (Grupo N - controle). Todos os pacientes foram orientados a utilizar a palmilha entre cinco e dez horas por dia. Foram aplicados os questionários Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) e Lequesne, além da escala visual analógica da dor, nos momentos pré e após 2, 8 e 24 semanas. RESULTADOS: Após 8 e 24 semanas, ambos os grupos apresentaram redução dos valores de WOMAC (P = 0,023 e P = 0,012 respectivamente). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos nos resultados de WOMAC, Lequesne e escala visual analógica de dor, em nenhum dos momentos avaliados. ...
Descritores: Órtoses do Pé
Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia
Medição da Dor/métodos
-Bandagens
Seguimentos
Estudos Prospectivos
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Método Simples-Cego
Inquéritos e Questionários
Resultado do Tratamento
Limites: Idoso
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Ensaio Clínico Controlado Aleatório
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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