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Id: lil-570425
Autor: Schineider, Larissa; Ferrara, Camila; Vogt, Richard C.
Título: Description of behavioral patterns of Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824) (Testudines: Podocnemididae) (Red-headed river turtle) in captivity, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil / Descrição de padrões comportamentais de Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824) (Testudines: Podocnemididae) (Irapuca) em cativeiro, Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil
Fonte: Acta amaz;40(4):763-770, dez. 2010. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: IBAMA; . FAPEAM.
Resumo: The biology and ecology of South American turtles is still poorly known, particularly, for the Brazilian species. Laboratory studies are essential to understand the life cycles of aquatic turtles species and to help in formulating management plans for their conservation. As a contribution to the knowledge of Podocnemis erythrocephala species, we give a description of its species-typical behaviors, categorized as: maintenance, locomotion, feeding, agonistic and reproduction, based on captives observations of four pairs of turtles in an aquarium in Manaus, Brazil. Similarities and differences with the repertoires of other turtle species are discussed, concluding that turtles have much more complex adaptative strategies and social life than was believed.

A biologia e ecologia dos quelônios da América do Sul é pouco conhecida, particularmente para as espécies brasileiras. Estudos em laboratório são essenciais para entender o ciclo de vida das espécies de tartarugas aquáticas e ajudar na formulação de planos de manejo para sua conservação. Como uma contribuição ao conhecimento da espécie Podocnemis erythrocephala, nós descrevemos os comportamentos típicos nas categorias manutenção, locomoção, alimentação, agonístico e reprodutivo, baseado em observações de quatro pares de tartarugas em um aquário na cidade de Manaus, Brasil. São discutidas similaridades e diferenças com repertórios de outras espécies de quelônios, concluindo que esses animais possuem estratégias adaptativas e vida social muito mais complexas do que tem sido ponderado.
Descritores: Tartarugas
Comportamento Animal
-Ecossistema Amazônico
Abrigo para Animais
Responsável: BR6.1 - BCS - Biblioteca de Ciências da Saúde


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1002261
Autor: Kalbouneh, Heba M; Alzghoul, Loai A.
Título: Neonatal exposure to citalopram increases pyramidal and granular cell density in dorsal hippocampus of male but not female adult rats: a quantitative Nissl study / La exposición neonatal al citalopram aumenta la densidad de las células piramidales y granulares en el hipocampo dorsal de ratas adultas macho pero no en hembras: un estudio cuantitativo con tinción de Nissl
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(2):576-583, June 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: University of Mississippi Medical Center; . EUREKA; . Deanship of Scientific Research at The University of Jordan.
Resumo: Antidepressants use during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders. Animal models based on early life alterations in serotonin availability replicate some of the anatomical and behavioral abnormalities observed in autistic individuals. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the possible role of the hippocampus in autism. The aim of study is to examine the effects of neonatal antidepressant (CTM) exposure during a sensitive period of brain development on pyramidal and granule cells density of hippocampal formation. We examined the pyramidal and granular cells density of dorsal hippocampus using Nissl stained sections obtained from neonatal citalopram (CTM) exposed rats (5 mg/kg, twice daily, s.c.), from postnatal day 8 to 21 (PN8-21), saline and non-exposed rats. The density of pyramidal cells was significantly increased by 10.2 % in CA1, 10.6 % in CA3 and 13.2 % in CA4 in CTM treated compared with non-treated or saline treated animals (p<0.0001). The density of granule cells in the dentate gyrus was significantly increased by 12.0 % in CTM treated compared with non-treated or saline treated animals (p<0.0001). These findings were obtained only from male rats, suggesting a sexual dimorphism in neural development after SSRI exposure. These data suggest that the neonatal exposure to CTM may induce long-lasting changes in the hippcampal formation in adults, and such effects appear to preferentially target males.

El uso de antidepresivos durante el embarazo se asoció con un mayor riesgo de trastornos del espectro autista. Los modelos animales basados en alteraciones tempranas de la vida en la disponibilidad de serotonina replican algunas de las anomalías anatómicas y de comportamiento observadas en individuos autistas. En los últimos años ha habido un interés creciente en el posible papel del hipocampo en el autismo. El objetivo del estudio fue examinar los efectos de la exposición al antidepresivo neonatal (CTM) durante un período sensible del desarrollo cerebral en la densidad de las células piramidales y granulares de la formación del hipocampo. Examinamos la densidad de las células piramidales y granulares del hipocampo dorsal utilizando secciones teñidas con Nissl obtenidas de ratas expuestas al citalopram neonatal (CTM) (5 mg / kg, dos veces al día, sc), desde el día postnatal 8 a 21 (PN8-21), solución salina y ratas no expuestas. La densidad de células piramidales se incrementó significativamente en un 10,2 % en CA1, 10,6 % en CA3 y 13,2 % en CA4 en CTM tratados en comparación con animales no tratados o tratados con solución salina (p <0,0001). La densidad de células granulares en el giro dentado aumentó significativamente en un 12,0 % en los animales tratados con CTM en comparación con los animales no tratados o tratados con solución salina (p <0,0001). Estos hallazgos se obtuvieron solo en ratas macho, lo que sugiere un dimorfismo sexual en el desarrollo neural después de la exposición a ISRS. Estos datos sugieren que la exposición neonatal a la CTM puede inducir cambios de larga duración en la formación del hipocampo en adultos, y estos efectos parecen dirigirse preferentemente a los machos.
Descritores: Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
Citalopram/farmacologia
Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos
Antidepressivos/farmacologia
-Transtorno Autístico/induzido quimicamente
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos
Citalopram/efeitos adversos
Contagem de Células
Fatores Sexuais
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Células Piramidais/efeitos dos fármacos
Hipocampo/citologia
Hipocampo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais Recém-Nascidos
Antidepressivos/efeitos adversos
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Gravidez
Ratos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1372982
Autor: Leal, Liliane Monteiro; Souza, Luciane Lopes de; Santos, Lorena Sarmento dos.
Título: How visitation affects the behavior and welfare of different species of captive amazonian primates? / Como a visitação afeta o comportamento e o bem-estar de diferentes espécies de primatas cativos da Amazônia? / ¿Cómo visitas afectan el comportamiento y bienestar de diferentes especies de primates en cautiverio en Amazonia?
Fonte: Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online);25(1):e2501, jan-jun. 2022. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study had the purpose of understanding the effects of visitation on behavioral patterns and on the well-being of primates in captivity. Five Amazonian primate species were observed using the focal animal method: Ateles chamek, Ateles belzebuth, Ateles paniscus, Lagothrix cana, and Sapajus apella. Two categories of visitor behavioral observations were adopted - active and passive. From the total number of records, the behavior of primates could be observed in 53.7% of the notes in the presence of visitors. The behavior of the visitors in front of the cages was considered passive in 91.2% of those records. The three species of Ateles reacted in different ways in the presence and absence of visitors. The type of visitor behavior had influence on the behavior of the primate (Chi-square=22.9, p<0.001). Stress indicating behaviors (CIE) represented 3.3% of the behavioral repertoire of the species (n=253 records). The primates presented a varied number of CIE, which included indexes of reduced well-being levels. A. belzebuth was ranked first as the species most affected by visitation. These results show the importance of understanding the stress effects on the behavioral pattern of captive primates in relation to visitation and other factors, leading to alternative actions for the zoo in order to improve the level of their welfare.(AU)

O entendimento dos efeitos da visitação nos padrões comportamentais e no bem-estar dos primatas em cativeiro foi o objetivo deste estudo. Por meio do método animal focal foram realizadas observações de cinco espécies de primatas amazônicos: Ateles chamek, Ateles belzebuth, Ateles paniscus, Lagothrix cana e Sapajus apella. Para observações comportamentais dos visitantes, foram adotadas duas categorias, ativo e passivo. Do total de registros, encontrou-se que os comportamentos dos primatas foram exibidos em 53,7% das anotações na presença de visitantes. O comportamento dos visitantes diante dos recintos foi em 91,2% considerado passivo. As três espécies de Ateles reagiram de formas diferentes na presença e ausência de visitantes. O tipo de comportamento dos visitantes teve influência no comportamento dos primatas (Chi-quadrado=22,9, p<0,001). Os comportamentos indicadores de estresse (CIE) representaram 3,3% do repertório comportamental das espécies (n=253 registros). Os primatas apresentaram um número variado de CIE, apresentando indicadores de reduzido grau de bem-estar. A. belzebuth esteve em primeiro lugar no ranking das espécies mais afetadas pela visitação. Estes resultados mostraram a importância de compreender os efeitos do estresse no padrão comportamental dos primatas cativos relacionados a visitação e outros fatores, levando ao zoológico alternativas que conduzam a ações para melhorar o grau de bem-estar.(AU)

Comprender los efectos de visitaciones en los estándares comportamentales y en el bienestar de los primates en cautiverio fue el objetivo de este estudio. Mediante el método de animales focales se realizaron observaciones en cinco especies de primates amazónicos: Ateles chamek, Ateles belzebuth, Ateles paniscus, Lagothrix cana y Sapajus apella. Para observaciones comportamentales de los visitantes, se adoptaron dos categorías, activa y pasiva. Del total de registros, se encontró que los comportamientos de los primates se mostraron en 53,7% de las notas en presencia de visitantes. El comportamiento de los visitantes frente a los recintos fue considerado pasivo en un 91,2%. Las tres especies de Ateles reaccionaron de manera diferente a la presencia y ausencia de visitantes. El tipo de comportamiento de los visitantes influyó en el comportamiento de los primates (Chi-cuadrado=22,9, p<0,001). Los comportamientos indicadores de estrés (CIE) representaron el 3,3% del repertorio conductual de la especie (n=253 registros). Los primates presentaron un número variado de CIE, mostrando indicadores de un reducido grado de bienestar. A. belzebuth ocupó el primer lugar en el ranking de las especies más afectadas por las visitas. Estos resultados mostraron la importancia de comprender los efectos del estrés en el estándar comportamental de los primates en cautivos relacionados con las visitas y otros factores, llevando al zoológico alternativas que conduzcan a acciones para mejorar el grado de bienestar.(AU)
Descritores: Comportamento Animal
Bem-Estar do Animal
Interação Humano-Animal
Animais de Zoológico
-Brasil
Atelinae
Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Sapajus
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-1345195
Autor: Lorena, Fernanda B.; Nascimento, Bruna P. P do; Camargo, Esther L. R. A.; Bernardi, Maria M.; Fukushima, André R.; Panizza, Julia do N.; Nogueira, Paula de B.; Brandão, Marllos E. S.; Ribeiro, Miriam O..
Título: Long-term obesity is associated with depression and neuroinflammation
Fonte: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online);65(5):537-548, 2021. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; . Pró-Reitoria de Extensão.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective: Obesity is characterized by a state of chronic, low-intensity systemic inflammation frequently associated with insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Materials and methods: Given that chronic inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of mood disorders, we investigated if chronic obesity that was initiated early in life - lasting through adulthood - could be more harmful to memory impairment and mood fluctuations such as depression. Results: Here we show that pre-pubertal male rats (30 days old) treated with a high-fat diet (40%) for 8-months gained ~50% more weight when compared to controls, exhibited depression and anxiety-like behaviors but no memory impairment. The prefrontal cortex of the obese rats exhibited an increase in the expression of genes related to inflammatory response, such as NFKb, MMP9, CCl2, PPARb, and PPARg. There were no alterations in genes known to be related to depression. Conclusion: Long-lasting obesity with onset in prepuberal age led to depression and neuroinflammation but not to memory impairment.
Descritores: Comportamento Animal
Depressão/etiologia
-Ansiedade
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
Obesidade
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1286549
Autor: Ramón y Romero, Fidel.
Título: Sleep in the crustacean crayfish
Fonte: Gac. méd. Méx;155(5):496-499, Sep.-Oct. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Sleep is defined as a state of unconsciousness, reduced locomotive activity and rapid awakening, and is well established in mammals, birds, reptiles and teleosts. Commonly, it is also defined with electrical records (electroencephalogram), which are only well established in mammals and to some extent in birds. However, sleep states similar to those of mammals, except for electrical criteria, appear to occur in some invertebrates. Currently, the most compelling evidence of sleep in invertebrates has been obtained in the crayfish. In mammals, sleep is characterized by a brain state that is different from that of wakefulness, which includes a change to slow waves that has not been observed in insects. Herein, we show that the crayfish enters a brain state with a high threshold to vibratory stimuli, accompanied by a form of slow wave activity in the brain, quite different from that of wakefulness. Therefore, the crayfish can enter a state of sleep that is comparable to that of mammals.
Descritores: Sono/fisiologia
Astacoidea/fisiologia
-Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Eletroencefalografia
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1363897
Autor: Neder, Joana Ferreira de Sousa; Soares, Guilherme Marques.
Título: Correlação entre sexo, idade e estado reprodutivo com o comportamento canino avaliado pela ferramenta C-BARQ / Correlation between gender, age and reproductive status with canine behavior assessed by the C-BARQ tool
Fonte: Rev. bras. ciênc. vet;28(3):126-131, jul./set. 2021. il..
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Este estudo objetivou avaliar o comportamento de cães de responsáveis brasileiros, através do Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) e estabelecer se estes comportamentos apresentam relação significativa com a idade, sexo e castração do animal. O questionário foi respondido pelos participantes entre novembro de 2018 a abril de 2020. As amostras foram divididas de acordo com o sexo (fêmeas ou machos), a idade (um ano ou menos, de um a três anos, de três a sete anos, de sete a dez anos ou mais de dez anos) e o status reprodutivo do animal (castrados ou inteiros). Para cada questionário respondido, foram calculados os escores das 14 categorias de comportamento investigados pelo C-BARQ e, através do programa Biostat 5.3, utilizou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman com nível de significância de 5% para avaliar a correlação entre estes escores com os fatores idade, sexo e status reprodutivo dos animais. Os resultados sugerem maiores escores de comportamentos agressivos em cães mais velhos e em cães castrados. A castração também obteve associação com maiores escores de medo de outros cães. Os achados evidenciam necessidade de estudos que busquem investigar de que modo a castração se vincula com estes comportamentos que podem comprometer a convivência entre o responsável e seu cão.

This study investigated Brazilian's dogs behavior through the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and establish if these behaviors have a significant relationship with the age, sex and neutering status of the animal. The questionnaire was answered by owners between November 2018 and April 2020. The sample was divided according to sex (female or male), age (one year or less, from one to three years, from three to seven years, from seven to ten years or more than ten years) and the reproductive status of the animal (neutered or not). For each questionnaire answered, the scores of the 14 behavior categories investigated by C-BARQ were calculated and Spearman's correlation coefficient with a significance level of 5% was used to assess the correlation between these scores with the factors age, sex and reproductive status of the animals (Biostat 5.3 program). The results suggest higher scores for aggressive behavior in older dogs and in neutered dogs. Neutering was also associated with higher scores of fear from other dogs. The findings suggest the need for studies that seek to investigate how castration is linked to these behaviors that can deteriorate the owner-dog relationship.
Descritores: Comportamento Animal
Cães/psicologia
-Castração/veterinária
Agressão
Interação Humano-Animal
Limites: Animais
Cães
Responsável: BR409.1 - Biblioteca


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Texto completo SciELO Costa Rica
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Id: biblio-843256
Autor: Acevedo-Quintero, Juan Fernando; Zamora-Abrego, Joan Gastón.
Título: Papel de los mamíferos en los procesos de dispersión y depredación de semillas de Mauritia flexuosa (Arecaceae) en la Amazonía colombiana / Role of mammals on seed dispersal and predation processes of Mauritia flexuosa (Arecaceae) in the Colombian Amazon
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;64(1):5-15, ene.-mar. 2016. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: ResumenLos mamíferos y las palmas son importantes elementos de la fauna y flora en el neotrópico. Por lo tanto, las interacciones entre ellos son una de las relaciones ecológicas más significativas en estos ecosistemas. Con el fin de identificar la importancia de los mamíferos que consumen los frutos de la palma Mauritia flexuosa y determinar su participación en la dispersión y depredación de sus semillas, se instalaron trampas cámara en frente de cúmulos de semillas caídas y de racimos con frutos. Con los videos obtenidos se preparó un catálogo de especies. Además, se clasificaron y cuantificaron los comportamientos de forrajeo exhibidos. También se utilizaron dos tratamientos de exclusión con tres repeticiones. En el tratamiento abierto se permitió el libre acceso de mamíferos pequeños, medianos y grandes, mientras que en el tratamiento semi-abierto se cercó la parcela con malla metálica dejando cuatro aberturas en la base para permitir el acceso y evaluar la remoción de semillas por mamíferos pequeños y medianos. Se registraron 19 especies de mamíferos, de las cuales nueve se alimentaron de los frutos de la palma y cinco de éstas fueron dispersoras de semillas. Se reporta por primera vez el consumo de los frutos de M. flexuosa por pare de Atelocynus microtis. La especie con mayor importancia relativa fue Dasyprocta fuliginosa, que mostro el mayor porcentaje de dispersión de semillas (63.5%) en comparación con las otras especies. Tayassu pecari fue identificado como consumidor in situ, porque consume hasta el 45.3 % de las semillas, sin dispersarlas. El número de semillas consumidas in situ en el tratamiento abierto mostró diferencias significativas con respecto al tratamiento semi-abierto, lo que sugiere una mayor participación de los mamíferos grandes en este proceso. En conclusión, los frutos de M. flexuosa son una fuente alimenticia importante para la comunidad de mamíferos. Además, el consumo de las semillas bajo la copa de la palma madre, el cual favorece la mortalidad de las mismas por efectos densodependientes, es proporcionalmente mayor que la dispersión. Generalmente la presión ejercida por las especies frugívoras sobre las semillas puede moldear las estrategias reproductivas de las especies de plantas. Sin embargo se deben realizar investigaciones sobre dispersión efectiva, distancias de dispersión y efectos demográficos, para determinar la función específica de los mamíferos medianos y grandes en la ecología de esta palma.

AbstractMammals and palms are important elements of fauna and flora in the Neotropics, and their interactions, such as fruit consumption and seed dispersal, are one of the most important ecological relationships in these ecosystems. The main objective of this study was to identify the relative importance of mammals in the dispersal and predation of Mauritia flexuosa palm fruits. We installed camera-traps in front of palm fallen seeds and clusters with fruits. A catalog of species was prepared with the recorded videos and the foraging behaviors exhibited were classified and identified. In addition, two exclusion treatments with three repetitions each were used. In the semi-open treatment, a plot was fenced with metal mesh leaving four openings in order to allow access only to small and medium sized mammals, while in the open treatment, the small, medium and large sized mammals had free access. In both cases, seed removal was evaluated. We recorded a total of 19 species of mammals, nine of which fed on palm fruits and the other five were seed dispersers. We reported for the first time the consumption of Mauritia flexuosa fruits by Atelocynus microtis. The species with the highest relative importance was Dasyprocta fuliginosa, which showed the highest percentage of seed dispersal (63.5%) compared to the other species. Tayassu peccary was identified as an in situ consumer, eating 45.3% of seeds without dispersing them. The number of seeds consumed in situ in the open treatment showed significant differences regarding the semi-open treatment, suggesting greater involvement of large mammals in this process. In conclusion, the fruits of M. flexuosa are an important food source for the local mammal community. Additionally, the consumption of seeds under the canopy of the mother palm is proportionally greater than their dispersion. Generally, the pressure of frugivorous species over seeds may determine the reproductive strategies of plants. However, research on effective dispersion, dispersal distances and demographic impact should be conducted to determine the specific role of medium and large sized mammals in the ecology of this palm. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (1): 5-15. Epub 2016 March 01.
Descritores: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Arecaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Dispersão de Sementes/fisiologia
Mamíferos/fisiologia
-Colômbia
Arecaceae/classificação
Mamíferos/classificação
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Costa Rica
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Id: biblio-958207
Autor: Miranda, Ximena.
Título: Egg-guarding behavior of the treehopper Ennya chrysura (Hemiptera: Membracidae): female aggregations, egg parasitism, and a possible substrate-borne alarm signal
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;64(3):1209-1222, jul.-sep. 2016. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: AbstractTreehoppers are known for their substrate-borne communication and some of them also for their subsocial behavior. Following a more general study of the natural history and substrate-borne signal repertoire of the treehopper Ennya chrysura, the objective of this paper was to explore in greater depth the signals and other behaviors associated specifically to egg-guarding. Theese were studied both in natural and laboratory conditions between July, 2000 and March, 2004. The spatial distribution of egg guarding females was studied in the natural population; recording equipment and playback experiments were used in the laboratory and then analyzed digitally. Under natural conditions (San Antonio de Escazú, Costa Rica), female E. chrysura guard their egg masses and egg-guarding was associated with lower parasitism of the eggs from the wasps Gonatocerus anomocerus and Schizophragma sp. (Mymaridae). Females tended to place their eggs close to other egg-guarding females and they produced substrate-borne vibrations when disturbed. An aggregated pattern under natural conditions was confirmed by calculating dispersion indices from egg-clutch data obtained from 66 leaves in the field. The disturbance signal was characterized from laboratory recordings of substrate-borne vibrations of 10 egg-guarding females. Experiments conducted in the laboratory with 18 egg-guarding females showed that those which were previously exposed to the disturbance signal of another female moved slightly or vibrated more during playbacks and that they reacted more quickly and exhibited more deffensive behaviors in response to a tactile stimulus. The signals produced while defending against egg parasites may therefore function as an alarm and favor aggregating behavior of egg-guarding females. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (3): 1209-1222. Epub 2016 September 01.

ResumenDespués de un estudio más general sobre la historia natural y la comunicación por vibraciones de sustrato del membrácido Ennya chrysura, este artículo explora con mayor profundidad los comportamientos específicamente relacionados con el cuido de los huevos. En condiciones naturales (San Antonio de Escazú, Costa Rica), las hembras de E. chrysura con frecuencia protegen sus masas de huevos, y el cuido está asociado con un menor porcentaje de parasitismo causado por las avispas parasitoides de huevos Gonatocerus anomocerus and Schizophragma sp. (Mymaridae). Las hembras tendían a poner sus huevos en la cercanía de otras hembras con huevos, y producían vibraciones de sustrato en respuesta a disturbios. Se confirmó un patrón agregado bajo condiciones naturales, calculando índices de dispersión a partir del número de masas de huevos en 66 hojas. La señal fue descrita a partir de grabaciones hechas en el laboratorio con 10 hembras que protegían sus huevos. Los experimentos conducidos con 18 hembras mostraron que aquellas que fueron expuestas a la señal de disturbio de otra hembra, se movieron ligaramente o vibraron más durante el experimento, y reaccionaron a un estímulo táctil más rápidamente y con un mayor número de comportamientos defensivos. Las señales producidas durante la defensa de huevos podrían entonces funcionar como alarma, y favorecer la agrupación con otras hembras que también protegen sus huevos.
Descritores: Óvulo/parasitologia
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Hemípteros/fisiologia
-Comportamento Apetitivo
Valores de Referência
Comportamento Social
Fatores de Tempo
Vibração
Fatores Sexuais
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Folhas de Planta/parasitologia
Tamanho da Ninhada
Distribuição Animal/fisiologia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-542437
Autor: Jiao, Guo B; Zhu, M. S.
Título: Courtship and mating of Scorpiops luridus Zhu Lourenço & Qi, 2005 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Xizang province, China
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;16(1):155-165, 2010. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Doctoral Program Foundation of Chinese Ministry of Education.
Resumo: In the current work, the courtship and mating of Scorpiops luridus Zhu Lourenço & Qi, 2005 (Euscorpiidae) from Xizang province (Tibet), China, were studied for the first time in the laboratory. Most of the mating behaviors in Scorpiops luridus are not remarkably different from those exhibited by other scorpions. However, for the first time a male pulling a female with its chelicerae to rapidly accomplish the sperm uptake was observed. Additionally, the sexual stinging behavior displayed by the male occurred in the initial stage, not during the promenade stage as previously described in several scorpion species. Through observation and analysis, we speculate that venom injection during sexual stinging is selective, possibly relying on the status shown by the stung scorpion (passive or aggressive). In order to clearly describe the process of courtship and mating, both sequences are represented in a flow chart, while the main behavior components of these processes were identified, analyzed and discussed.(AU)
Descritores: Escorpiões
Comportamento Sexual Animal
Comportamento Animal
Laboratórios
-Espermatozoides
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-958229
Autor: Ferrer-Sánchez, Yarelys; Denis, Idael Ruiz, Dennis; Torres, Yordanis; Abasolo-Pacheco, Fernando; Plasencia-Vázquez, Alexis H.
Título: Tamaño poblacional y patrón de conducta de Grus canadensis (Aves: Gruidae) en dos localidades de Cuba / Population size and behavior pattern of Grus canadensis (Aves: Gruidae) in two localities of Cuba
Fonte: Rev. biol. trop;64(4):1495-1504, oct.-dic. 2016. tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen:La disponibilidad de información sobre abundancia de especies en el Neotrópico es insuficiente. Esto impide la realización de análisis precisos y definición de estrategias de conservación adecuadas para especies endémicas y amenazadas. A través de un censo simultáneo durante dos días consecutivos en 24 estaciones de conteo en Isla de la Juventud (IJ) y 32 estaciones en Ciego de Ávila (CA), Cuba, se obtuvo el tamaño poblacional de la subespecie endémica y amenazada Grus canadensis nesiotes durante 2008-2010. Se analizó la abundancia y patrón conductual (método instantáneo) por hábitat, para ayudar a entender cómo las grullas modifican su patrón conductual cuando el hábitat natural se modifica. Los bandos de grullas tuvieron tres individuos en IJ y entre 1.9 ± 1.5 y 2.8 ± 1.5 en CA.El tamaño poblacional en IJ fue de 164 individuos y en CA fueron 137, 141 y 168 individuos para 2008-2010. La eficacia del conteo fue alta (IJ: 91 %; CA: 81-87 %) y la concordancia numérica fue intermedia (IJ: 45.4 %; CA: 72 %). La abundancia fue mayor en sabanas naturales (83), seguido de marismas (59), pinares (23) y pastizales (7) en IJ. En CA los herbazales de ciénaga albergaron la mayor abundancia en los tres años (130; 120; 112), seguido del herbazal con palmas (2; 17; 51) y los pastizales (5; 4; 5). Las grullas se alimentaron más en los pastizales y estuvieron más alerta en la sabana natural y el herbazal de ciénaga. La frecuencia de las conductas alimentación y alerta fueron diferentes entre las combinaciones sabana natural/marisma y sabana natural/pastizal en IJ. Para CA las diferencias fueron entre herbazal/herbazal con palmas. El tamaño poblacional aumentó en CA por estrategias de manejo adoptadas, pero en IJ puede afectarse por la pérdida de hábitat asociado a la invasión de plantas exóticas. Se propone como estrategia de manejo a largo plazo el mantenimiento de las quemas controladas en herbazales de ciénaga bajo régimen de protección para contribuir al aumento poblacional.

Abstract:The availability of information on species abundance in the Neotropic is insufficient, and this prevents the execution of precise analysis and the definition of adequate conservation strategies for endemic and threatened species. This study aimed to analyze the population size of the endemic and threatened subspecies Grus canadensis nesiotes. For this, a simultaneous census was undertaken in 24 count stations in Isla de la Juventud (IJ) and 32 stations in Ciego de Ávila (CA), Cuba, during two consecutive days between 2008 and 2010. Abundance and behavior pattern (instantaneous method) were analyzed by habitat type, to help understand how cranes modify their behavioral pattern when the natural habitat is changed. Flocks in IJ had three individuals, and between 1.9 ± 1.5 and 2.8 ± 1.5 in CA. Population size in IJ was 164 individuals, and in CA of 137, 141 and 168 individuals for the 2008-2010 period, respectively. The counting efficacy was high (IJ: 91 %; CA: 81-87 %) and the numerical concordance was intermediate (IJ: 45.4 %; CA: 72 %). When comparing the habitat type, the abundance was higher in natural savannahs (83), followed by coastal flats (59), pines (23) and cattle pastures (7) in IJ; while in CA, marsh grasslands hosted the greatest abundance for the three years period (130; 120; 112), followed by grassland with palms (2; 17; 51) and cattle pastures (5; 4; 5). The cranes were fed more in cattle pastures and were more alert in natural savannas and marsh grasslands. The frequency of feeding and alert behaviors was different from the natural savannah/coastal flats and natural savannah/cattle pastures combinations in IJ. For CA, differences were found between marsh grasslands and marsh grasslands with palms. The population size increased by management strategies adopted in CA; nevertheless, might be affected by habitat loss associated with invasive alien plants in IJ. We propose the maintenance of prescribed fire in marsh grasslands under protection regime, as a strategy for long-term management to contribute with population growth. Rev. Biol. Trop. 64 (4): 1495-1504. Epub 2016 December 01.
Descritores: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Aves/fisiologia
Ecossistema
-Fatores de Tempo
Densidade Demográfica
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Cuba
Distribuição Animal
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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