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Id: biblio-1096958
Autor: Silva, Líscia Divana Carvalho; Costa, Juliana Carline Martins; Nunes, Flávia Danyelle Oliveira; Azevedo, Patrícia Ribeiro.
Título: Comportamentos de risco a saúde em universitários de uma instituição pública / Health risk behaviors in college students of a public institution / Comportamientos de riesgo de salud en estudiantes universitarios de una institución pública
Fonte: Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online);12:544-550, jan.-dez. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en; pt.
Resumo: Objetivo: estudo transversal quantitativo com objetivo de verificar a prevalência de comportamentos de risco à saúde em universitários. Método: amostra de cinquenta e dois (52) estagiários do último ano do curso de graduação em enfermagem de uma Universidade pública no nordeste do Brasil. Utilizou-se o Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Resultados: prevaleceu sexo feminino 39 (75%), média de idade 24,8 anos, cor branca 29 (55,7%), peso corporal normal 35 (67,3%) e sedentarismo 34 (65,4%), consumo de refrigerantes 25 (48%), frutas e verduras 23(44,2%), bebida alcóolica 42 (80,8%) e cigarros 21(40,4%). A maconha foi relatada por 13 (25%), além de outras substâncias 14 (26,9%); 44 (84,6%) declaram experiência sexual, início aos 17 anos 18 (34,6%), uso do preservativo masculino 20 (38,5%) e 16 (30,8%) relataram tristeza, 14 (26,9%) intenção de suicídio e 47 (90,4%) negaram ameaças ou agressão. Conclusão: os universitários apresentam comportamentos considerados de risco a saúde adotando atitudes e condutas prejudiciais

Objective: quantitative cross-sectional study in order to check the prevalence of health risk behaviors in college students. Method: sample of 52 (52) internes the last year of the degree course in nursing of a public University in the northeast of Brazil. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results: prevailed 39 (75%) female, average age 24.8 years, white 29 (55.7%), normal body weight 35 (67.3%) and sedentary 34 (65.4%), soft drink consumption 25 (48%), fruits and vegetables 23 (44.2%), liquor 42 (80.8%) and cigarettes 21 (40.4%). Cannabis was reported by 13 (25%), in addition to other substances 14 (26.9%), 44 (84.6%) declare sexual experience, home to 17 years 18 (34.6%), use of the male condom 20 (38.5%) and 16 (30.8%) reported sadness, 14 (26.9%) intention of suicide and 47 (90.4%) denied threats or aggression. Conclusion: the present College of health risk behaviors considered adopting attitudes and harmful conduct

Objetivo: estudio cuantitativo transversal para comprobar la prevalencia de comportamientos de riesgo de salud en estudiantes universitarios. Método: una muestra de 52 (52) interna del último año de la Licenciatura en enfermería de una universidad públicaen el noroeste de Brasil. Encuesta de comportamiento el riesgo de la juventud. Resultados: prevaleció 39 (75%) femenino, media edad 24,8 años, blanco 29 (55,7%), peso corporal normal 35 (67,3%) y 34 sedentarios (65.4%), consumo de bebida 25 (48%), frutas y verduras 23 (44,2%), licor 42 (80,8%) cigarrillos y 21 (40.4%). Cannabis fue reportado por 13 (25%), además de otras sustancias 14 (26.9%), 44 (84.6%) declarar la experiencia sexual, inicio a 17 años 18 (34.6%), uso del condón masculino 20 (38.5%) y 16 (30.8%) tristeza reportado, 14 (26.9%) intención de suicidio y 47 (90.4%) negó las amenazas o la agresión. Conclusion: el actual Colegio de comportamientos de riesgo de salud considera la adopción de actitudes y conductas nocivas
Descritores: Estudantes de Enfermagem
Fatores de Risco
Promoção da Saúde
-Comportamento Autodestrutivo/prevenção & controle
Prevenção de Doenças
Limites: Humanos
Adolescente
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1208.1 - BSEN - Biblioteca Setorial de Enfermagem e Nutrição


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Id: lil-727710
Autor: Stein, Dan J; Woods, Douglas W.
Título: Stereotyped movement disorder in ICD-11
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;36(supl.1):65-68, 2014.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: According to current proposals for ICD-11, stereotyped movement disorder will be classified in the grouping of neurodevelopmental disorders, with a qualifier to indicate whether self-injury is present, similar to the classification of stereotypic movement disorder in DSM-5. At the same time, the WHO ICD-11 Working Group on the Classification of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders has proposed a grouping of body-focused repetitive behavior disorders within the obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) cluster to include trichotillomania and skin-picking disorder. DSM-5 has taken a slightly different approach: trichotillomania and excoriation (skin picking) disorder are included in the OCRD grouping, while body-focused repetitive behavior disorder is listed under other specified forms of OCRD. DSM-5 also includes a separate category of nonsuicidal self-injury in the section on “conditions for further study.” There are a number of unresolved nosological questions regarding the relationships among stereotyped movement disorder, body-focused repetitive behavior disorders, and nonsuicidal self-injury. In this article, we attempt to provide preliminary answers to some of these questions as they relate to the ICD-11 classification of mental and behavioral disorders.
Descritores: Tricotilomania/diagnóstico
Classificação Internacional de Doenças
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/diagnóstico
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Transtornos dos Movimentos/diagnóstico
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico
-Estereotipagem
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Transtornos dos Movimentos/classificação
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1039107
Autor: Machado, Ana F; de Marigny, Loran R; Schlittler, Leandro X.
Título: Satisfactory response to electroconvulsive therapy in an autistic patient with severe self-injurious behavior
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(5):458-459, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Comportamento Autodestrutivo/terapia
Eletroconvulsoterapia/métodos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/terapia
-Fatores de Tempo
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Resultado do Tratamento
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/fisiopatologia
Clonidina/administração & dosagem
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/administração & dosagem
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Carta
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Tavares, Hermano
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Id: biblio-1011510
Autor: Medeiros, Gustavo C; Seger-Jacob, Liliana; Garreto, Anna K; Kim, Hyoun S; Coccaro, Emil F; Tavares, Hermano.
Título: Aggression directed towards others vs. aggression directed towards the self: clinical differences between intermittent explosive disorder and nonsuicidal self-injury
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(4):303-309, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To investigate the clinical differences between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) (disorder of aggression primarily directed towards others) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) (disorder of aggression predominantly directed towards the self) in order to better understand the different clinical subtypes of aggression. Methods: We used treatment-seeking samples to compare demographic and clinical correlates between 82 participants with IED and 55 participants with NSSI. Results: The IED group was older, more likely to be male, in a relationship, and employed than the NSSI group. With respect to clinical variables, the NSSI group had more severe depressive symptoms and more social adjustment difficulties. Regarding psychiatric co-morbidities, the IED group had higher rates of generalized anxiety disorder. On the other hand, the NSSI group had higher rates of major depressive disorder, agoraphobia, substance use disorder, and bulimia nervosa. Conclusions: Individuals with NSSI may benefit from better management of psychiatric comorbidities, specifically depressive symptoms and social adjustment difficulties. Conversely, the treatment of individuals with IED may be improved by targeting comorbid generalized anxiety disorder. Our results provide important insight for the development of tailored interventions for specific subtypes of aggression.
Descritores: Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/psicologia
-Transtornos de Ansiedade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Comorbidade
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Etários
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/diagnóstico
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/terapia
Agressão/psicologia
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/diagnóstico
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/terapia
Comportamento Impulsivo
Ira
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-899357
Autor: Barreto Carvalho, Célia; da Motta, Carolina; Sousa, Marina; Cabral, Joana.
Título: Biting myself so I don't bite the dust: prevalence and predictors of deliberate self-harm and suicide ideation in Azorean youths
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;39(3):252-262, July-Sept. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To characterize non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors, methods, and functions as well as suicide ideation in the adolescent population of a Portuguese community in São Miguel Island, Azores. Increasing rates of NSSI behaviors among adolescents have been observed globally, while suicidal behavior has been pointed as a major cause of death during adolescence. Methods: A sample of 1,763 adolescents, aged 14 to 22, was randomly drawn from public and private schools and administered a set of self-report questionnaires. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to look for specific relationships and predictors of NSSI and suicide ideation in this isolated community. Results: Approximately 30% of youths reported at least one NSSI behavior, a rate that is twice as high as most studies carried out in mainland Portugal and in other European countries. Biting oneself was the most frequent form of NSSI, and NSSI behaviors served predominantly automatic reinforcement purposes (i.e., regulation of disruptive emotional states). NSSI and suicide ideation encompassed different distal and proximal risk factors. Conclusions: Exploring and characterizing these phenomena is necessary to provide a better understanding, enhance current conceptualizations, and guide the development of more effective prevention and intervention strategies in youths.
Descritores: Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento do Adolescente
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
Ideação Suicida
-Assunção de Riscos
Açores/epidemiologia
Mordeduras Humanas/psicologia
Mordeduras Humanas/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Escala de Avaliação Comportamental/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1055358
Autor: Studart-Bottó, Paula; Martins-Junior, Davi F; Sarmento, Stella; Argolo, Lucas; Galvão-de-Almeida, Amanda; Miranda-Scippa, Ângela.
Título: Self-injurious behavior and related mortality in children under 10 years of age: a retrospective health record study in Brazil
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);42(1):40-45, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To describe and analyze data on self-injurious behavior (SIB) and related mortality in children under 10 years old in Brazil. Methods: A descriptive study was performed using secondary public health care data extracted from the Hospital Information System (Sistema de Informações Hospitalares, SIH) and Mortality Information System (Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade, SIM) in Brazil. The databases are available for online access at http://datasus.saude.gov.br/. Results: In Brazil, according to SIH data, 11,312 hospitalizations of patients under 10 years of age were recorded from 1998 to 2018 as resulting from SIB (ICD-10 X60-X84 codes). Of these, 65 resulted in death. According to the SIM, from 1996 to 2016, 91 deaths related to SIB were recorded, 81 (89%) in children aged 5 to 9 years, nine (9.9%) in children aged 1 to 4 years, and one (1.1%) in a child below 1 year of age. Conclusion: These results highlight the relevance of creating measures to better understand SIB and related mortality in this age group. They also reveal the vulnerability of children in Brazil and warrant further studies to address these issues.
Descritores: Comportamento Autodestrutivo/mortalidade
Mortalidade da Criança/tendências
-Brasil
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências
Distribuição por Sexo
Distribuição por Idade
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-899408
Autor: Tsirigotis, Konstantinos.
Título: Indirect self-destructiveness in individuals with schizophrenia
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;40(1):41-47, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To explore the indirect self-destructiveness syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Two hundred individuals with paranoid schizophrenia (117 men and 83 women, mean age 37.15 years), all in remission, were examined using the Polish version of the Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale. Two hundred well-matched healthy individuals served as a control group. Results: The intensity of indirect self-destructiveness was greater in the schizophrenia group than in controls. The intensity of each manifestation was as follows (in decreasing order): helplessness and passiveness in the face of difficulties (A5), personal and social neglects (A3), lack of planfulness (A4), poor health maintenance (A2), transgression and risk (A1). Conclusion: Patients with schizophrenia displayed more behaviors that were indirectly self-destructive than healthy controls; they scored better than healthy controls only on caring for their own health. The patients showed the lowest intensity of behaviors connected with the active form of indirect self-destructiveness, and the highest intensity of behaviors connected with the passive form. These findings may enable delivery of more effective forms of pharmacological and psychosocial help to patients with schizophrenia.
Descritores: Esquizofrenia/complicações
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/etiologia
-Polônia
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/classificação
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Mari, Jair J
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Id: biblio-899405
Autor: Simioni, André R; Pan, Pedro M; Gadelha, Ary; Manfro, Gisele G; Mari, Jair J; Miguel, Eurípedes C; Rohde, Luis A; Salum, Giovanni A.
Título: Prevalence, clinical correlates and maternal psychopathology of deliberate self-harm in children and early adolescents: results from a large community study
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;40(1):48-55, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq; . FAPESP; . CNPq.
Resumo: Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews. Current (last month) and lifetime DSH were estimated, including analysis stratified by age groups. Logistic regressions were performed to investigate the role of the children's clinical diagnoses and maternal psychopathology on DSH prevalence estimates, adjusting for potential confounding factors. Results: The prevalence of current DSH was 0.8% (children 0.6%, adolescents 1%) and lifetime DSH was 1.6% (1.8% and 1.5%, respectively). Current and lifetime DSH were more frequent in children with depression, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), even in multiple models accounting for demographic variables and co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Maternal anxiety disorder was strongly associated with current and lifetime DSH in offspring; whereas current DSH, specifically in young children, was associated with maternal mood disorder. Conclusion: Diagnoses of depression, ADHD and ODD were consistently associated with DSH, as was having a mother with anxiety disorder.
Descritores: Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
-Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Psicopatologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
Brasil/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudos de Coortes
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Comportamento Materno
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-899393
Autor: Bernardes, Camila; Mattos, Paulo; Nazar, Bruno Palazzo.
Título: Skin picking disorder comorbid with ADHD successfully treated with methylphenidate
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;40(1):111-111, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade
Metilfenidato
-Comorbidade
Comportamento Autodestrutivo
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Comentário
Carta
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1054967
Autor: del Brío Ibáñez, Pablo; Vázquez Fernández, Marta E; Imaz Roncero, Carlos.
Título: Adolescente con autolesiones no suicidas en un entorno de adversidad psicosocial / Adolescent with non-suicidal self-harm in a psychosocial adversity environment
Fonte: Arch. argent. pediatr;117(5):485-488, oct. 2019. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Las conductas lesivas no suicidas suponen un problema sanitario de creciente importancia, con una prevalencia en muestras comunitarias de adolescentes del 15-20 %. Las autolesiones pueden tener un significado diverso; se clasifican en intrapersonales o interpersonales; son un factor de riesgo y evolutivo, con inicio en la adolescencia temprana. Se presenta el caso de una adolescente de 12 años con factores de riesgo psicosociales, que acudió a la consulta por cortes autoinfligidos en los brazos y las piernas, realizados con una cuchilla de afeitar, detectados en el colegio. Se intervino potenciando la autoestima y en regulación de emociones con intervención multidisciplinar (sistema educativo, servicios sociales, psiquiatría infantojuvenil y pediatría), con una evolución positiva. Es vital su detección y abordaje con el paciente y su familia para evitar riesgos futuros, especialmente, de patología psíquica. La intervención se realiza desde la Atención Primaria, pero precisa la colaboración de otros profesionales.

Non-suicidal harmful behaviors pose a health problem of increasing importance, with a prevalence in community samples of adolescents of 15-20 %. Self-harm can have adverse meaning, qualifying in intrapersonal or interpersonal; they are a risk and evolutionary factor, with an age of onset in early adolescence. We present the case of a 12-year-old adolescent with psychosocial risk factors, who went to the consultation for self-cuts in arms and legs, made with a razor, detected in the school. It was enhanced her self-steem an guided in regulation of emotions with multidisciplinary intervention (educational system, social services, infantile-juvenile Psychiatry and Pediatrics), with a positive evolution. It is vital to detect and approach this issue with the patient and the family to avoid future risks, especially psychic pathology. The intervention is done from Primary Care, but it is necessary the collaboration of other professionals.
Descritores: Comportamento Autodestrutivo/prevenção & controle
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
-Psiquiatria do Adolescente
Bullying
Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: AR94.1 - Centro de Información Pediatrica



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