Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : F01.470.132.300 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1091462
Autor: Munayco Pantoja, Evelyn R; Mattos-Vela, Manuel A; Torres Ramos, Gilmer; Blanco Victorio, Daniel J.
Título: Relación entre ansiedad, miedo dental de los padres y la colaboración de niños al tratamiento odontológico / Relationship Between Anxiety, Dental Fear of Parents and Collaboration of Children to Dental Treatment
Fonte: Odovtos (En línea);20(3):81-91, Sep.-Dec. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: RESUMEN 17. Dentro de la historia clínica del niño no se considera alguna escala que evalué la ansiedad y el miedo que experimentan en el tratamiento dental, lo cual ayudaría para definir el abordaje del paciente y realizar un tratamiento exitoso. Objetivo. Determinar la relación que existe entre la ansiedad, miedo dental y colaboración de los padres y niños frente al tratamiento odontológico. Materiales y método. Se realizó un estudio tipo descriptivo y transversal. La muestra de estudio fueron 177 niños de ambos sexos de 3 a 6 años de edad que se atendían en un instituto de salud y sus padres. Se confeccionó una ficha de recolección de datos para cada paciente, donde se incluyó cuatro escalas de evaluación: el cuestionario de miedos dentales, la escala de ansiedad de Corah, la escala de miedo en niños y el test gráfico de Venham. Al final del tratamiento se evaluó el comportamiento del niño con la escala de Frankl. Resultados. Con respecto al miedo, los padres presentaron escaso o nulo (55,9%) y los niños, bajo miedo (87,6%) en mayor porcentaje. Con respecto a la ansiedad, los padres presentaron baja ansiedad (57%); los niños, en su mayoría, fueron no ansiosos (64,4%) y el comportamiento de estos fue positivo (71,2%). Conclusión. La ansiedad provocada por el tratamiento odontológico en los niños y los padres no está relacionado, más si el miedo. Tampoco existe relación entre la ansiedad y el miedo que pueda experimentar los padres con respecto a la colaboración del niño. Sin embargo, la colaboración del niño si está relacionada con el miedo y ansiedad que ellos puedan experimentar en el tratamiento odontológico.

ABSTRACT 20. In the clinical history of a child, it is not taken into account any scale that evaluates the anxiety and fear experienced during dental treatment. This would help to define the way to approach the patient and perform a successful treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between anxiety, dental fear and collaboration of parents and children towards dental treatment. A descriptive and transversal study was carried out. The study's sample was collected from 177 children of both sexes from 3 to 6-year-old, who visited a health institute for a dental appointment, and also their respective parents. A data collection form was prepared for each patient, which included four evaluation scales: the dental fear questionnaire, the Corah anxiety scale, the Children's Fear Scale and the Venham graphic test. At the end of the treatment, the child's behavior was evaluated using the Frankl scale. In regard to fear, parents presented little or no (55.9%) and children, under fear (87.6%) in a greater percentage. In reference to anxiety, parents presented low anxiety (57%); children, in their majority, were not anxious (64.4%), and their behavior was positive (71.2%). As a result, anxiety caused by the dental treatment in children and parents is not related; nonetheless, fear is. In addition, there is no relationship between anxiety and fear that parents may experience with regard to the child's collaboration. However, the child's collaboration is related to the fear and anxiety that they may experience during dental treatment.
Descritores: Comportamento e Mecanismos Comportamentais
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia
Odontopediatria
-Relações Pais-Filho
Peru
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: biblio-1091488
Autor: Chavarría-Bolaños, Daniel; Pozos-Guillén, Amaury; Montero-Aguilar, Mauricio.
Título: Nocebo/Placebo Effects in Dental Practice: Two Key Protagonists / Efectos Nocebo/Placebo en la práctica dental: Dos protagonistas clave
Fonte: Odovtos (En línea);21(3):10-15, Sep.-Dec. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Understanding the possible effects that a patient's psycho-neurobiological processes (such as the nocebo effect) may have on the every-day dental treatments, could assist the clinicians in preventing the onset of adverse events not related directly with the clinical procedure. At the same time, employing pathways to trigger plausible placebo effects could aid the clinician to enhance the outcome of ordinary clinical procedures and the patient's perspective. Identified factors, which could lead both to positive or negative effects, may be present in different ways. Prior personal experiences, second-hand information, alternative medicine, catastrophizing or patient motivation; all could have an indirect effect in the treatment outcome. A well-informed clinician should use such factors to individualize each patient treatment.

RESUMEN Comprender los posibles efectos que los procesos psico-neurobiológicos de un paciente (como el efecto nocebo) pueden tener en los tratamientos dentales diarios, podría ayudar a los clínicos a prevenir la aparición de eventos adversos que no estén relacionados directamente con el procedimiento clínico. Al mismo tiempo, el uso de vías para favorecer posibles efectos placebo podría ayudar al clínico a mejorar el resultado de sus procedimientos rutinarios y la perspectiva del paciente. Los factores identificados, ya sean positivos o negativos, pueden estar presentes de diferentes maneras. Experiencias personales anteriores, información de segunda mano, medicina alternativa, actitud catastrófica o motivación del paciente; todos podrían tener un efecto indirecto en el resultado del tratamiento. Un médico bien informado debe usar dichos factores para individualizar el tratamiento de cada paciente.
Descritores: Placebos/uso terapêutico
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia
Efeito Nocebo
-Assistência Odontológica Integral
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CR1.1 - BINASSS - Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social


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Id: biblio-1056881
Autor: Cademartori, Mariana Gonzalez; Rosa, Denise Paiva da; Brancher, Letícia Coutinho; Costa, Vanessa Polina Pereira; Goettems, Marília Leão.
Título: Association of Dental Anxiety with Psychosocial Characteristics among Children Aged 7-13 Years
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4635, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To identify psychosocial characteristics associated with dental anxiety in children aged 7-13 years in the dental setting. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with children aged 7-13 years attended at the Dentistry School of Pelotas, Brazil. Data collection was based on a questionnaire administered to mothers and children, and the behavior of children during dental treatment was evaluated using the Frankl' Scale. Data were analyzed using Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests in order to analyze the association between independent variables and dental anxiety. The effect of variables on the outcome was assessed by the Poisson regression model with robust variance (Prevalence Ratio; 95% Confidence interval). Results: A total of 187 children were included. Dental anxiety prevalence was 40.11%. After adjustments, younger children (p=0.046), only child (p=0.019), and children with negative previous dental experience (p=0.046) showed higher dental anxiety prevalence. Children with uncooperative behavior in previous (p=0.033) and current (p≤0.001) dental appointments showed higher dental anxiety prevalence. Conclusion: In this sample of children treated at a dentistry school, a report of dental anxiety was associated with age, birth order, previous dental experience and behavior in dental settings.
Descritores: Ajustamento Social
Criança
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico
Mães
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Intervalos de Confiança
Estudos Transversais/métodos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1101283
Autor: Zen, Rúbia; Rigo, Lilian; Gaviolli, Emanuela; Girotto, Luiza Paloma S; Mário, Debora N.
Título: Effect of Recreational Intervention on the Approach of Pediatric Patients in Dental Treatment: Analysis of Salivary Cortisol
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4796, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To verify whether recreational interaction with pediatric patient before dental care influences cortisol levels and anxiety. Material and Methods: Twelve children were selected and divided into two groups: 6 children who had not previously received recreational intervention (Group I) and 6 children who received recreational intervention before dental care (Group II). Saliva was collected with Salivettes™ kits before and soon after dental care for the measurement of cortisol. Wilcoxon test was applied to verify the difference in salivary cortisol levels before and after the dental visit in the whole sample, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the difference between groups I and II. A significance level of 0.05 was considered. Results: Among patients from Group I, 3 had their cortisol levels increased after dental care, 2 had their cortisol levels decreased, and the other 1 patient remained constant. All participants from Group II had no significant difference in cortisol levels pre- and post-procedure. Mean salivary cortisol level was higher in Group I, pre- and post-procedure, compared to Group II. Conclusion: Pediatric patients who participated in an interactive activity prior to dental care have a lower level of anxiety according to the salivary cortisol levels obtained, compared to patients who did not participate in recreation. The techniques for the dentist to approach the child control the anxiety of the patient and make the procedure calmer and less stressful for both of them.
Descritores: Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Hidrocortisona/uso terapêutico
Assistência Odontológica
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia
Odontólogos
-Saliva
Brasil/epidemiologia
Criança
Ensaio Clínico Controlado Aleatório
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1101290
Autor: Oliveira, Marcia de Freitas; Stein, Carlos Efrain; Schrör, Fernanda Cristine Leber; Keske, Wilian Ricardo.
Título: Evaluation of Child Anxiety Prior to Dental Care by Means of Modified Venham Picture Test, RMS Pictorial Scale and Facial Image Scale Tests
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e5068, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To evaluate child anxiety prior to dental care; to compare the results obtained by applying different anxiety tests and to assess whether anxiety is related to age or gender, and to identify which test children find to be more attractive and easier to understand. Material and Methods: The research was performed with 30 children of both genders and age group of 4-9 years distributed into Group 1 = children aged 4, 5 and 6 years and Group 2 = children aged 7, 8 and 9 years. Modified Venham Picture Test (VPT), RMS Pictorial Scale (RMS-PS) and Facial Image Scale (FIS) were the anxiety evaluation tests used. For statistical analysis, the Shapiro Wilk Normality test, Spearman correlation and the Independent Proportions test were used. Results: Modified VPT identified 70% anxiety-free children, RMS-PS 90%, and FIS 87%. RMS-PS and FIS scores had moderate correlation (51%). Regarding age groups, no significant difference was found between proportions of group 1 and group 2. According to gender, in 11 girls, the modified VPT test identified 3 (27%) with some anxiety degree; RMS-PS test identified 1 (9%) and FIS test 2 (18%). In 19 boys, modified VPT test identified 6 (32%) with some anxiety degree; RMS-PS test identified 2 (11%) and the FIS test 2 (11%). The test that was the easiest to understand was the modified VPT (54%) and regarding attractiveness, modified VPT and RMS-PS presented similar results, 40% each. Conclusion: All three tests were able to identify anxiety prior to dental care. The evaluation of results showed that the more the children could identify themselves with the test, the more they found it to be easy and attractive.
Descritores: Criança
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/etiologia
Odontopediatria
-Escala de Ansiedade Frente a Teste
Brasil/epidemiologia
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1117271
Autor: López, Jonathan.
Título: Temor hacia el odontólogo en niños menores de 5 años / Fear of the dentist in children under 5 years old
Fonte: Rev. Eugenio Espejo;14(2):51-60, jul. 2020.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La ansiedad dental en la edad infantil se relaciona con la salud bucal del adulto. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, con enfoque mixto, durante enero a diciembre del año 2016. Se trabajó con la totalidad de la población, conformada por los menores de cinco años de edad, de ambos sexos (20 individuos) que durante el período de estudio acudieron a las consultas de atención estomatológica en el Dispensario Médico-Odontológico de Marcopamba, en la provincia de Bolívar, Ecuador. Mediante consentimiento informado, se obtuvo la aprobación de los padres para que sus hijos participaran en el estudio. Se confeccionó una ficha de recolección de datos, la que permitió explorar la frecuencia de asistencia al Odontólogo, los motivos de consultas y la realización de la técnica de cepillado dental. Para determinar la presencia de ansiedad y miedo dental, se empleó la Escala de Ansiedad Dental de Corah Modificada, la que su validación recoge un índice de confiabilidad de alfa de Cronbach de 0,86 y una validez determinada como aceptable. Predominó la asistencia a consulta odontológica debido a la presencia de dolor dental. La totalidad de la población de estudio refirió no realizar cepillado dental cuatro veces al día. La clasificación clínica de muy ansioso e intranquilo fue mayoritaria entre los individuos participantes, lo que sugiere la necesidad de establecer estrategias de promoción de la salud oral y prevención de enfermedades bucodentales, para reducir factores que producen miedo y temor al odontólogo.

Dental anxiety in children is related to the oral health of adults. A descriptive, cross-sectional study with a mixed approach was carried out during January to December 2016. We worked with the entire population, consisting of children under five years of age, of both sexes (20 individuals) during the period of study went to the stomatological attention consultations in the Medical-Dental Dispensary of Marcopamba, in the province of Bolivar, Ecuador. Through informed consent, parental approval was obtained for their children to participate in the study. A data collection form was created, which allowed to explore the frequency of assistance to the dentist, the reasons for consultations and the realization of the tooth brushing technique. To determine the presence of dental anxiety and fear, the Modified Corah Dental Anxiety Scale was used, which validates Cronbach's alpha reliability index of 0.86 and a certain validity as acceptable. Attendance to dental consultation predominated due to the presence of dental pain. The entire study population reported not doing tooth brushing four times a day. The clinical classification of very anxious and restless was predominant among the participating individuals, which suggests the need to establish strategies for the promotion of oral health and prevention of oral diseases, to reduce factors that cause fear and fear to the dentist.
Descritores: Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico
Menores de Idade
Medo
-Dor
Odontólogos
Equador
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: EC148.1 - Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1254375
Autor: Calle, Maritza; Vallejo, Rodrigo Fernando; Crespo, Cristina; Domínguez, Cristina.
Título: Dental anxiety in the municipal personnnel of Biblián, Ecuador, 2018
Fonte: Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print);5(2):59-62, jun. 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aim of this study was to determine the degree of dental anxiety in the staff of the Municipality of Biblián, Ecuador. A cross-sectional study was carried out using the modified Corah dental anxiety scale in its Spanish version. A total of 159 employees, 72.3% men and 27.7% women, were included. The most prevalent level of dental anxiety was mild or none (37.1%), followed by moderate anxiety (35.6%), and severe anxiety or phobia (13.8%). The most prevalent degree of anxiety in men was mild or null (28.9%), and in women this was moderate at 8.8%. In relation to age, the group aged 31 to 50 years had the highest prevalence of severe dental anxiety or phobia (9.4%). The staff of the Municipality of Biblián presented a high prevalence of mild or no anxiety
Descritores: Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia
-Prevalência
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Equador/epidemiologia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL61.1 - Biblioteca Central Campus Sur


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Id: lil-784423
Autor: Oliveira, Mayra Louise Raiser Santana de; Araújo, Silvana Marchiori; Bottan, Elisabete Rabaldo.
Título: Ansiedade ao tratamento odontológico: perfil de um grupo de adultos em situação não clínica / Dental anxiety: profile of an adult group in a non-clinical situation
Fonte: Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR;19(3):165-170, set.-dez. 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O objetivo da pesquisa foi caracterizar um grupo de adultos, em situação não clínica, quanto à ansiedade ao tratamento odontológico. A pesquisa descritiva, do tipo transversal, ocorreu mediante levantamento de dados primários. A população-alvo foi constituída por sujeitos adultos que se encontravam em espaços públicos, no perímetro central de uma cidade de Santa Catarina (Brasil). O plano amostral foi não probabilístico e a obtenção da amostra deu-se por conveniência. O instrumento de coleta de dados foi um questionário elaborado com base na Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). A amostra foi composta por 304 pessoas (56% do gênero feminino e 44% do masculino). As idades variaram de 18 a 65 anos. O percentual de mulheres com ansiedade foi de 78% e o de homens foi 58%. A maioria (62,1%) dos sujeitos sem ansiedade tinha entre 18 a 34 anos. A consulta em menores intervalos de tempo foi citada por 75,3%; os procedimentos curativos foram os mais citados (57,4%) como motivo da última consulta. Os fatores desencadeadores de ansiedade foram os instrumentos relacionados às intervenções curativas. O maior intervalo de tempo para efetivação da consulta e a consulta em decorrência de dor foram mais frequentes no grau exacerbado. Concluiu-se que a amostra se classificou como portadora de baixo grau de ansiedade; as mulheres demonstraram ser mais ansiosas do que os homens; a maioria do grupo sem ansiedade estava entre os mais jovens; e a frequência da consulta preventiva decresceu à medida que aumentava o grau de ansiedade.

The objective of this research was to characterize a group of adults in a non-clinical situation in terms of their level of anxiety during dental treatment. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study using a survey of primary data. The target population consists of adult subjects, encountered in public spaces at the downtown area of a town in the State of Santa Catarina (Brazil). It used a non-probability sampling collected by convenience. Data were collected using a questionnaire based on the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS). The sample consisted of 305 subjects (56% female and 44% male). Ages ranged from 18 to 65 years. The percentage of women with anxiety was 78% and of men, 58%. Most of the subjects (62.1%) who revealed no anxiety were aged between 18 and 34 years. Shorter intervals between visits to the dental clinic were mentioned by 75.3% of subjects; treatment procedures were the reasons most frequently mentioned for the last visit to the dental clinic. The factor that most triggered anxiety was the equipment used in the treatment. A longer interval between the last visit and the next one due to pain was the most frequently reason mentioned as a cause of exacerbated anxiety level. It was concluded that the sample was classified as having low anxiety; women showed more anxiety than men; most of the subjects in the group who did not suffer anxiety were younger; and the lower the frequency of preventative visits, the higher the level of anxiety.
Descritores: Saúde Bucal
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico
Relações Dentista-Paciente
-Estudos Transversais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-876314
Autor: Mautz-Miranda, Claudia; Fernández-Delgadillo, Carolina; Saldivia-Ojeda, Constanza; Rodríguez-Salinas, Carolina; Riquelme-Carrasco, Sebastián; Linco-Olave, Jared.
Título: Prevalencia de Ansiedad Dental en Niños Atendidos en los Servicios de Salud Públicos de Valdivia, Chile / Prevalence of dental anxiety in children treated at public health services in Valdivia, Chile
Fonte: Odontoestomatol;19(30):59-64, dic 2017.
Idioma: en; es.
Resumo: Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de ansiedad dental (AD) en niños de entre 6 a 10 años de edad atendidos en los servicios de salud públicos (SSP) de la ciudad de Valdivia, Chile. Material y método: Se diseñó un estudio observacional de corte transversal. Se midió la prevalencia de AD previa a la atención odontológica utilizando la Escala de Imagen Facial (FIS) en niños de 6 a 10 años que fueron atendidos en los SSP, durante los meses de marzo a junio de 2015. Resultados: De los 200 niños(as) encuestados el 22,5% presentó ansiedad dental; 51% eran niñas (n=102); edad promedio de 7,9 ± 1,45 años. Conclusión: La prevalencia de AD en Valdivia es mayor a la observada en otro estudio similar realizado en Santiago de Chile. Recomendamos implementar FIS, dentro de la atención odontológica pediátrica, para facilitar una mejor adaptación y adherencia al tratamiento.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety (DA) in children between 6-10 years of age treated at public health services (PHS) in Valdivia, Chile. Materials and Methods: An observational cross-sectional study was designed. The prevalence of DA before dental treatment was measured using the Facial Image Scale (FIS) in children between 6-10 years of age treated at public health services (PHS) of Valdivia, Chile, from March to June 2015. Results: Of the 200 children surveyed, 22.5% had dental anxiety; 51% were girls (n=102); average age 7.9 ± 1.45. Conclusion: The prevalence of DA in Valdivia is higher than that observed in a similar study conducted in Santiago, Chile. We suggest the implementation of FIS in pediatric dental care, to ensure better adaptation and adherence to the dental treatment.
Descritores: Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/epidemiologia
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças
-Chile
Limites: Humanos
Criança
Responsável: UY20.1 - Departamento de Documentación y Biblioteca


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Id: biblio-1179196
Autor: Manterola, Elsa Renée; Morales Manterola, L. M; Agasi, R; Corrarello, A; Finlandino, G; Heredia, G; Markiewicz, J.
Título: El Miedo en Relación a la Odontología Uso de la Escala del Miedo Dental / Fear in Relation to Dentistry Using the Dental Fear Scale
Fonte: Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires);35(81):33-40, 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La atención odontológica despierta en numerosos pacientes, especialmente en los niños, miedo y ansiedad que pueden originar conductas de rechazo a la misma o dificultar el trabajo del profesional. Para registrar la prevalencia e identificar los miedos más frecuentes en relación a la atención odontológica, se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal en un trabajo interdisciplinario con Musicoterapia. Se utilizó la Escala del Miedo (CFSS-DS), Dental Subscale of the Childrens' Fear Survey. Los resultados en un promedio de edades en años 11,41; desvío = 2,80, registraron el 53% en la puntuación 38:39. Corresponde 54.34% al sexo femenino y 45.66% al sexo masculino. El mayor porcentaje de miedo se registró a los 10 años de edad 15.24% y en el sexo femenino 54.34%. En conclusión, registrar y reconocer los miedos dentales ofreció un espacio de reflexión y elaboración de los mismos, con docentes y alumnos de grado, para desarrollar, en un tratamiento interdisciplinario con musicoterapia, estrategias que favorezcan una mejor adherencia de los pacientes al tratamiento odontológico y habilidades inherentes y habilidades sociales inherentes a la relación odontólogo-paciente. El miedo manifiesto a la atención odontológica sin ser resuelto satisfactoriamente puede entorpecer las mejores intenciones del profesional en el desarrollo de su tarea (AU)
Descritores: Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia
Medo
Musicoterapia
-Argentina
Medição da Dor
Epidemiologia Descritiva
Estudos Longitudinais
Distribuição por Idade e Sexo
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: AR29.1 - Biblioteca



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