Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : F03.080 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Uruguai
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Id: lil-471619
Autor: Gold, Ariel.
Título: Trastornos de ansiedad en niños / Anxiety disorders in children
Fonte: Arch. pediatr. Urug;77(3):34-38, oct. 2006.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade
Limites: Humanos
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Responsável: UY1.1 - BINAME - Biblioteca Nacional de Medicina


  2 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-798087
Autor: Pereira-Lima, Karina; Loureiro, Sonia R; Crippa, José A.
Título: Mental health in medical residents: relationship with personal, work-related, and sociodemographic variables
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;38(4):318-324, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP.
Resumo: Objective: To examine association of sociodemographic characteristics, personality traits, social skills, and work variables with anxiety, depression, and alcohol dependence in medical residents. Methods: A total of 270 medical residents completed the following self-report instruments: sociodemographic and work questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4), Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-3 (AUDIT-3), Revised NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI-R), and Social Skills Inventory (SSI-Del-Prette). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results: Multivariate analysis showed an association of neuroticism (odds ratio [OR] 2.60, p < 0.001), social skills (OR 0.41, p < 0.01), and number of shifts (OR 1.91, p = 0.03) with anxiety or depression, and of male sex (OR 3.14, p = 0.01), surgical residency (OR 4.40, p = 0.001), extraversion (OR 1.80, p < 0.01), and number of shifts (OR 2.32, p = 0.04) with alcohol dependence. Conclusion: The findings support a multidetermined nature of mental health problems in medical residents, in addition to providing data that may assist in the design of preventive measures to protect the mental health of this group.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia
Saúde Mental
Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia
Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos
-Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Brasil/epidemiologia
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Modelos Logísticos
Análise Multivariada
Inquéritos e Questionários
Carga de Trabalho
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Alcoolismo/psicologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-792744
Autor: Gomes, July S; Ducos, Daniella V; Akiba, Henrique; Dias, Álvaro M.
Título: A neurofeedback protocol to improve mild anxiety and sleep quality
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;38(3):264-265, July-Sept. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia
Sono/fisiologia
Neurorretroalimentação/métodos
-Escala de Ansiedade Frente a Teste
Fatores de Tempo
Resultado do Tratamento
Depressão/fisiopatologia
Depressão/terapia
Eletroencefalografia/métodos
Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia
Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Carta
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Chor, Dóra
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Id: lil-784300
Autor: Nunes, Maria A; Pinheiro, Andréa P; Bessel, Marina; Brunoni, André R; Kemp, Andrew H; Benseñor, Isabela M; Chor, Dora; Barreto, Sandhi; Schmidt, Maria I.
Título: Common mental disorders and sociodemographic characteristics: baseline findings of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;38(2):91-97, Apr.-June 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq.
Resumo: Objective: To assess the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) and the association of CMD with sociodemographic characteristics in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) cohort. Methods: We analyzed data from the cross-sectional baseline assessment of the ELSA-Brasil, a cohort study of 15,105 civil servants from six Brazilian cities. The Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R) was used to investigate the presence of CMD, with a score ≥ 12 indicating a current CMD (last week). Specific diagnostic algorithms for each disorder were based on the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria. Prevalence ratios (PR) of the association between CMD and sociodemographic characteristics were estimated by Poisson regression. Results: CMD (CIS-R score ≥ 12) was found in 26.8% (95% confidence intervals [95%CI] 26.1-27.5). The highest burden occurred among women (PR 1.9; 95%CI 1.8-2.0), the youngest (PR 1.7; 95%CI 1.5-1.9), non-white individuals, and those without a university degree. The most frequent diagnostic category was anxiety disorders (16.2%), followed by depressive episodes (4.2%). Conclusion: The burden of CMD was high, particularly among the more socially vulnerable groups. These findings highlight the need to strengthen public policies aimed to address health inequities related to mental disorders.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Fatores Sociológicos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
-Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
Brasil/epidemiologia
Fatores Sexuais
Prevalência
Estudos Transversais
Distribuição por Idade
Escolaridade
Fadiga/epidemiologia
Entrevista Psicológica
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Idoso
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-844178
Autor: Peter, Patrícia J; de Mola, Christian L; de Matos, Mariana B; Coelho, Fábio M; Pinheiro, Karen A; da Silva, Ricardo A; Castelli, Rochele D; Pinheiro, Ricardo T; Quevedo, Luciana A.
Título: Association between perceived social support and anxiety in pregnant adolescents
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;39(1):21-27, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To evaluate the association between perceived social support and anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with a sample of 871 pregnant women aged 10 to 19 years who received prenatal care in the national public health care system in the urban area of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. We assessed perceived social support and anxiety disorders using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. A self-report questionnaire was used to obtain sociodemographic information. Results: The prevalence of any anxiety disorder was 13.6%. Pregnant adolescents with an anxiety disorder reported less perceived social support in all domains (affectionate, emotional, tangible, informational, and positive social interaction). Older teenagers reported lower perceived support in the emotional, informational, and positive social interaction domains, whereas those with low socioeconomic status reported lower perceived social support in the material domain. Women who did not live with a partner had less perceived social support in the affectionate and positive social interaction domains. Conclusion: Perceived social support seems to be a protective factor against anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents, with a positive effect on mental health.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia
Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia
Apoio Social
-Complicações na Gravidez/fisiopatologia
Brasil
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Autorrelato
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Gravidez
Adolescente
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  6 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-844170
Autor: Coimbra, Norberto C; Paschoalin-Maurin, Tatiana; Bassi, Gabriel S; Kanashiro, Alexandre; Biagioni, Audrey F; Felippotti, Tatiana T; Elias-Filho, Daoud H; Mendes-Gomes, Joyce; Cysne-Coimbra, Jade P; Almada, Rafael C; Lobão-Soares, Bruno.
Título: Critical neuropsychobiological analysis of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents confronted with snakes in polygonal arenas and complex labyrinths: a comparison to the elevated plus- and T-maze behavioral tests
Fonte: Rev. bras. psiquiatr;39(1):72-83, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . CNPq; . FAEPA; . CNPq; . FAPESP; . CNPq.
Resumo: Objective: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors’ research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined. Results: The EPM and ETM tests evoke anxiety/fear-related defensive responses that are pharmacologically validated, whereas the confrontation between rodents and snakes in polygonal arenas with or without shelters or in the complex labyrinth offers ethological conditions for studying more complex defensive behaviors and the effects of anxiolytic and panicolytic drugs. Prey vs. predator paradigms also allow discrimination between non-oriented and oriented escape behavior. Conclusions: Both EPM and ETM simple labyrinths are excellent apparatuses for the study of anxiety- and instinctive fear-related responses, respectively. The confrontation between rodents and snakes in polygonal arenas, however, offers a more ethological environment for addressing both unconditioned and conditioned fear-induced behaviors and the effects of anxiolytic and panicolytic drugs.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Serpentes
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia
Instinto
-Comportamento Predatório
Ratos Wistar
Aprendizagem em Labirinto
Medo/fisiologia
Medo/psicologia
Limites: Animais
Ratos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1039099
Autor: Isik-Ulusoy, Selen.
Título: Evaluation of affective temperament and anxiety-depression levels in fibromyalgia patients: a pilot study
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(5):428-432, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: Fibromyalgia (FM) patients have higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders than healthy controls. Affective temperament features are subclinical manifestations of mood disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the affective temperaments of FM patients and investigate their association with depression and anxiety levels and clinical findings. Methods: This cross-sectional study included FM patients and healthy controls. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to determine patient anxiety and depression levels, and the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego, self-administered version was applied to assess affective temperaments in all subjects. Disease severity was assessed in FM patients with the Fibromyalgia Criteria and Severity Scales and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Differences between groups were evaluated using Student's t-tests. Correlations among parameters were performed. Results: This study involved 38 patients with FM (30 female) and 30 healthy controls (25 female). Depressive, anxious and cyclothymic temperaments were significantly higher in FM patients than healthy controls. Statistically significant positive correlations were found between HADS depression score and all temperaments except hyperthymic, as well as between HADS anxiety score and cyclothymic and anxious temperaments. HADS depression and anxiety scores were correlated with symptom severity. We found a higher risk of depression and anxiety among FM patients with higher FIQ scores. Conclusion: This study is the first to evaluate affective temperament features of FM patients. Evaluating temperamental traits in FM patients may help clinicians determine which patients are at risk for depression and anxiety disorders.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Temperamento
Fibromialgia/psicologia
Transtornos do Humor/psicologia
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
-Inventário de Personalidade
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Projetos Piloto
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  8 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1039096
Autor: Skinazi, Michele; de Mathis, Maria A; Cohab, Tatiana; de Marco e Souza, Marina; Shavitt, Roseli G; Miguel, Euripedes C; Hoexter, Marcelo Q; Batistuzzo, Marcelo C.
Título: No evidence of attentional bias toward angry faces in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(3):257-260, May-June 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . MCB.
Resumo: Objective: Although attentional bias (AB) toward angry faces is well established in patients with anxiety disorders, it is still poorly studied in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). We investigated whether OCD patients present AB toward angry faces, whether AB is related to symptom severity and whether AB scores are associated with specific OCD symptom dimensions. Method: Forty-eight OCD patients were assessed in clinical evaluations, intelligence testing and a dot-probe AB paradigm that used neutral and angry faces as stimuli. Analyses were performed with a one-sample t-test, Pearson correlations and linear regression. Results: No evidence of AB was observed in OCD patients, nor was there any association between AB and symptom severity or dimension. Psychiatric comorbidity did not affect our results. Conclusion: In accordance with previous studies, we were unable to detect AB in OCD patients. To investigate whether OCD patients have different brain activation patterns from anxiety disorder patients, future studies using a transdiagnostic approach should evaluate AB in OCD and anxiety disorder patients as they perform AB tasks under functional neuroimaging protocols.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia
Viés de Atenção
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/fisiopatologia
-Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Testes Psicológicos
Confiabilidade dos Dados
Reconhecimento Facial
Ira
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1011513
Autor: de Abreu Costa, Marianna; Manfro, Gisele Gus.
Título: Generalized anxiety disorder: advances in neuroimaging studies
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(4):279-279, July-Aug. 2019.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Transtornos de Ansiedade
Neuroimagem
-Neuroimagem Funcional
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Comentário
Editorial
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 685 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Tavares, Hermano
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1011510
Autor: Medeiros, Gustavo C; Seger-Jacob, Liliana; Garreto, Anna K; Kim, Hyoun S; Coccaro, Emil F; Tavares, Hermano.
Título: Aggression directed towards others vs. aggression directed towards the self: clinical differences between intermittent explosive disorder and nonsuicidal self-injury
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);41(4):303-309, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To investigate the clinical differences between intermittent explosive disorder (IED) (disorder of aggression primarily directed towards others) and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) (disorder of aggression predominantly directed towards the self) in order to better understand the different clinical subtypes of aggression. Methods: We used treatment-seeking samples to compare demographic and clinical correlates between 82 participants with IED and 55 participants with NSSI. Results: The IED group was older, more likely to be male, in a relationship, and employed than the NSSI group. With respect to clinical variables, the NSSI group had more severe depressive symptoms and more social adjustment difficulties. Regarding psychiatric co-morbidities, the IED group had higher rates of generalized anxiety disorder. On the other hand, the NSSI group had higher rates of major depressive disorder, agoraphobia, substance use disorder, and bulimia nervosa. Conclusions: Individuals with NSSI may benefit from better management of psychiatric comorbidities, specifically depressive symptoms and social adjustment difficulties. Conversely, the treatment of individuals with IED may be improved by targeting comorbid generalized anxiety disorder. Our results provide important insight for the development of tailored interventions for specific subtypes of aggression.
Descritores: Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/psicologia
-Transtornos de Ansiedade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Comorbidade
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Etários
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/diagnóstico
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/terapia
Agressão/psicologia
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/diagnóstico
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/terapia
Comportamento Impulsivo
Ira
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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