Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : F04.096.544 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2557 [refinar]
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Caramelli, Paulo
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Id: biblio-1098070
Autor: Franklin, Gustavo Leite; Pereira, Brunna N G V; Lima, Nayra S C; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Camargo, Carlos Henrique Ferreira; Caramelli, Paulo; Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni.
Título: Neurology, psychiatry and the chess game: a narrative review / Neurologia, psiquiatria e o jogo de xadrez: uma revisão narrativa
Fonte: Arq. neuropsiquiatr;78(3):169-175, Mar. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The chess game comprises different domains of cognitive function, demands great concentration and attention and is present in many cultures as an instrument of literacy, learning and entertainment. Over the years, many effects of the game on the brain have been studied. Seen that, we reviewed the current literature to analyze the influence of chess on cognitive performance, decision-making process, linking to historical neurological and psychiatric disorders as we describe different diseases related to renowned chess players throughout history, discussing the influences of chess on the brain and behavior.

Resumo O jogo de xadrez compreende diferentes domínios da função cognitiva, exige grande concentração e atenção e está presente em muitas culturas como instrumento de alfabetização, aprendizado e entretenimento. Ao longo dos anos, muitos efeitos do jogo no cérebro foram estudados. Dessa forma, revisamos a literatura atual para analisar a influência do xadrez no desempenho cognitivo, no processo de tomada de decisão, vinculando-a a distúrbios neurológicos e psiquiátricos históricos ao descrevermos diferentes doenças relacionadas a renomados jogadores de xadrez ao longo da história, discutindo as influências do xadrez no cérebro e no comportamento.
Descritores: Psiquiatria
Cognição/fisiologia
Neurologia
-Recreação
Encéfalo
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1177500
Autor: Muñoz, JF.
Título: El cannabidiol y sus indicaciones en psiquiatría / Cannabidiol and its indications in psychiatry / Canabidiol e suas indicações em psiquiatria
Fonte: Med. U.P.B = Med. UPB;40(1):65-76, 03/03/2021. Ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Esta revisión abarca la historia, el origen, la síntesis biológica del cannabidiol (CBD), su interacción con el sistema de cannabinoides endógenos, las presentaciones para uso clínico, su farmacocinética, tolerabilidad y la evidencia actual de los usos en psiquiatría. Además del origen de su nombre y las precisiones de la taxonomía botánica de la cannabis, es de interés conocer a partir de estudios de polen fósil la cronología y ruta que siguió ancestralmente hasta la llegada a Europa y cómo allí se inició su estudio con la idea de introducirla en la farmacopea del momento y como modelo de estudio de trastornos cerebrales como las psicosis. Jacques Joseph Moreau de Tours (1804-1884), psiquiatra francés, la usó en forma de hachís y propició el consumo experimental por intelectuales de la época. Basado en la presunción de que intelectuales e individuos con una educación eran sujetos de estudio que podían proveer relatos más detallados y floridos de las experiencias vividas bajo sus efectos, Moreau de Tours concibió por primera vez que los efectos de la cannabis eran un paradigma experimental para el estudio de las psicosis. Luego experimentó su uso terapéutico con resultados negativos. En el caso del CBD, extraído de la cannabis, la psiquiatría contemporánea podría vislumbrar resultados más promisorios a través de la investigación clínica en diferentes indicaciones

This review covers the history, origin, and biological synthesis of Cannabidiol (CBD), together with its interaction with the endogenous cannabinoid system, its options for clinical use, its pharmacokinetics, its tolerability, and current evidence for indications in psychiatry. In addition to the origin of its name and the details of the botanical taxonomy of cannabis, it is a matter of interest to review fossil pollen studies to help us trace the chronology and route that it followed until it got to be known in Europe, and how was included in the pharmacological studies of the time, with the aim to use it as a model for studying brain disorders such as psychoses. French psychiatrist Jacques Joseph Moreau de Tours (1804-1884) used it in the form of hashish and encouraged its experimental consumption by intellectuals and famous artists of the time, who were then asked to provide detailed descriptions of their experiences under the effects of cannabis. Moreau de Tours was the first to conceive that the effects of cannabis were an experimental paradigm for the study of psychoses. He went on to experiment its therapeutic use with negative results. In the case of CBD, extracted from cannabis, contemporary psychiatry could foresee more promising results in its therapeutic effects through clinical research in different indications.

Esta revisão cobre a história, origem, síntese biológica do canabidiol (CBD), sua interação com o sistema canabinoide endógeno, apresentações para uso clínico, sua farmacocinética, tolerabilidade e evidências atuais de uso em psiquiatria. Além da origem do seu nome e dos detalhes da taxonomia botânica da cannabis, é interessante saber pelos estudos do pólen fóssil a cronologia e o percurso que ele percorreu ancestralmente até chegar à Europa e como começou seu estudo com a ideia lá para introduzi-lo na farmacopeia do momento e como um modelo para estudar distúrbios cerebrais como as psicoses. Jacques Joseph Moreau de Tours (1804-1884), psiquiatra francês, utilizou-o na forma de haxixe e estimulou o consumo experimental pelos intelectuais da época. Com base na suposição de que intelectuais e indivíduos educados eram sujeitos de estudo que poderiam fornecer relatos mais detalhados e floreados de experiências sob sua influência, Moreau de Tours primeiro concebeu que os efeitos da cannabis eram um paradigma experimental para o estudo das psicoses. Ele então experimentou seu uso terapêutico com resultados negativos. No caso do CBD, extraído da cannabis, a psiquiatria contemporânea poderia ver resultados mais promissores por meio de pesquisas clínicas em diferentes indicações.
Descritores: Canabidiol
-Psiquiatria
Transtornos Psicóticos
Botânica
Encefalopatias
Canabinoides
Cannabis
Usos Terapêuticos
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: CO101.1 - BCdeS - Biblioteca Ciencias de la Salud


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Id: biblio-1176969
Autor: Conti Norberto A; Matusevich Daniel; Stagnaro Juan C.
Título: Psiquiatría y cultura / [Psychiatry and culture].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(114):102-4, 2014 Mar-Apr.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Cultura
Psiquiatria
-Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176965
Autor: Vommaro Horacio.
Título: Institución, subjetividad y psiquiatría / [Institutions, subjectivity, and psychiatry].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(114):131-43, 2014 Mar-Apr.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: The common denominator is the interactive intersubjectivity in the biological, psychological, social, and cultural contexts. Contemporary subjective distress is rooted in these last two areas. It is important to consider that social and cultural factors are relevant in the process of subjectivity, that is, the way desire and fantasy are arranged. Therefore, the modifications in subjectivity generate new spatialities and temporalities. Space and time are not simply physical containers of human action but represent, at once, the container and contents of social practices. The fact that subjects are present at birth as both actors and carriers of institutions constitutes the foundation of these institutions in relation to subjectivity. The relational frames in which the subject is immersed are never a single element, but they express joint successive institutional and social spheres. The challenge is to think current demand differently, not only in the way it should be addressed, but mainly by the different characteristics of how subjectivity and the nature of social representations are expressed. Nowadays a clinical procedure that only takes into account the social factor is not enough - a clinical procedure for a social and interactive subject is required. The objective is to build a historicized subjectivity to enable taking action on the present. New social realities affect our clinical practice and form a new social and cultural context that forces us to reflect on these changes and think about the necessary adjustments in our practice and knowledge.
Descritores: Fatores Sociológicos
Processos Mentais
Psiquiatria
Transtornos Mentais
-Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Resumo em Inglês
Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176964
Autor: Mondin Estefanía; Matusevich Daniel.
Título: Aplicación de una red social a la práctica y el aprendizaje de la psiquiatría / [Applying a social network for the practice and learning of psychiatry].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(114):144-8, 2014 Mar-Apr.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Social networking is a virtual space in which people relate and build their identity, share information, publish content and intervene on the content posted by others. We will describe an experiment carried out in the psychiatry service of Italian Hospital in Buenos Aires, in which we use Whatsapp Social Network applied to the development of clinical work and teaching task. From these new ways of relating between professional, emerge a new way to work, participate in groups or try to evaluate various options for dealing with a patient. We analyze the usefulness of this virtual platform as a working tool.
Descritores: Mídias Sociais
Psiquiatria/educação
-Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Resumo em Inglês
Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176960
Autor: Marzano Fernando J.
Título: Aún lo social: crisis en la práctica clínica / [Still the social factor: crisis in the clinical practice].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(113):5-9, 2014 Jan-Feb.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Consultations in our hospital center are problematic, mainly due to the poor living situation which patients come from (the suburbs of Buenos Aires). The housing situation, the environment and the economic or political conditions of these patients frame "the social" emergency that sets the context and the impact in the different psychopathological symptoms that they present. These conditions should also be reviewed from our theoretical assessment together with the clinical approach that our assistance practice studies. From a perception viewpoint we observe that "self-perception is far from any ideals. The perception of their environment is threatening and has no future". We constantly note the loss of the value of words and speech, when we hear our patients, wo have turned language into just an abject joy, as in the word of the addict. These issues must be studied from a theoretical point of view to be applied clinically. Such analysis reveals that our practice takes place in a context of failure. However, we cannot move backwards in "potential treatment" as Lacan states in the ethics as regards psychosis.
Descritores: Psiquiatria/normas
Transtornos Mentais
-Fatores Socioeconômicos
Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Resumo em Inglês
Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176958
Autor: Heerlein Andrés L.
Título: Aproximándose al DSM-5: ¿un avance en psiquiatría? / [An approach to DSM-5: a breakthrough in psychiatry?].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(113):18-26, 2014 Jan-Feb.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: One of the main problems of current psychiatry is that its diagnostic classification systems are not precise and reliable, they do not help to identify with certainty a specific type of mental disorder and they frequently overlap two or more diagnoses. This may conduce to over diagnosis and overtreatment, which is the main criticism of the DSM system. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) launched recently the DSM-5, the fifth edition of its diagnostic manual, which provides diagnostic criteria for thousands of psychiatrist, psychologist and researchers and who will be using it in the next coming years. DSM-5, like the preceding editions, placed disorders in discrete categories such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia. The problem is that scientists have been unable to find yet a genetic or neurobiological evidence to support the theory of mental disorders as separate categories. Several authors wanted the latest DSM to move away from the category model towards a new "dimensional approach", where disorders can be measured and mental illnesses overlapping can be reduced. Recent findings supports this new dimensional strategy, suggesting that the disorders are a product of shared risk factors that lead to abnormalities in specific drives, which can be measured and used to place persons on one of several spectra. In some parts the DSM-5 entered changes aiming to achieve a greater objectivity. The door for new changes in each category, dimension or criteria has been opened, favoring an evidence-based development of the future versions. DSM-5 is presented as a "living document" that can be updated easily. However, the category model still remains for many disorders. The future research in psychiatric diagnostic systems requires more genetic-molecular and neurophysiological evidence and more objective multinational field trials, in order to confirm the existence of the new diagnostic entities, spectrums or dimensions. This approach may provide us reliable information about the pathogenesis, psychopathology, adequate taxonomy and treatment of mental disorders.
Descritores: Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Psiquiatria/normas
Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
-Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Resumo em Inglês
Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176957
Autor: Levy Yeyati Elena; Goldchluk Aníbal.
Título: Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). Marco político y contenido / [Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). Political framework and content].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(113):27-32, 2014 Jan-Feb.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) is an initiative of the National Institute of Mental Health of the United States of America, which based on research purposes consists of a new way of classifying mental disorders. His raison d'Ûtre is based on the conclusion that the knowledge progress of neurosciences does not seem to confirm the validity of the conventional psychiatric diagnoses. Furthermore, researching based on such diagnoses would weaken the progress in Psychiatry. Besides these scientific reasons, the Research Domain Criteria project is born within a political framework, giving raise to economic tensions. The objective of this paper is to discuss the first issue without avoiding the second one.
Descritores: Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
-Estados Unidos
Humanos
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
Pesquisa Biomédica
Política
Psiquiatria/normas
Tipo de Publ: Resumo em Inglês
Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176949
Autor: Conti Norberto A.
Título: Las Clasificaciones en Psiquiatría: de Praxeos Medicae al DSM-I / [Classifications in psychiatry: from Praxeos Medicae to DSM-I].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;25(113):73-8, 2014 Jan-Feb.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Psiquiatria/métodos
Transtornos Mentais/classificação
Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
-Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo de Revista
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes


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Id: biblio-1176914
Autor: Conti Norberto A.
Título: Richard von Krafft-Ebing: las perversiones sexuales como problema médico y legal / [Richard von Krafft-Ebing: sexual perversions as legal and medical problems].
Fonte: Vertex rev. argent. psiquiatr;24(110):304-6, 2013 Jul-Aug.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Psiquiatria/história
Transtornos Parafílicos
-História do Século XIX
História do Século XXI
Psiquiatria/legislação & jurisprudência
Suíça
Tipo de Publ: Biografia
Artigo Histórico
Artigo de Revista
Retrato
Responsável: AR5.1 - Centro de Gestión del Conocimiento y las Comunicaciónes



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