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Laks, Jerson
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Id: biblio-1132069
Autor: Araujo, Narahyana B.; Nielsen, Thomas R.; Barca, Maria L.; Engedal, Knut; Marinho, Valeska; Deslandes, Andrea C.; Coutinho, Evandro S.; Laks, Jerson.
Título: Brazilian version of the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery (CNTB-BR): diagnostic accuracy across schooling levels
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);42(3):286-294, May-June 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPERJ; . FAPERJ; . FAPERJ.
Resumo: Objective: To translate, establish the diagnostic accuracy, and standardize the Brazilian Portuguese version of the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery (CNTB) considering schooling level. Methods: We first completed an English-Brazilian Portuguese translation and back-translation of the CNTB. A total of 135 subjects aged over 60 years - 65 cognitively healthy (mean 72.83, SD = 7.71; mean education 9.42, SD = 7.69; illiterate = 25.8%) and 70 with Alzheimer's disease (AD) (mean 78.87, SD = 7.09; mean education 7.62, SD = 5.13; illiterate = 10%) - completed an interview and were screened for depression. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to verify the accuracy of each CNTB test to separate AD from healthy controls in participants with low levels of education (≤ 4 years of schooling) and high levels of education (≥ 8 years of schooling). The optimal cutoff score was determined for each test. Results: The Recall of Pictures Test (RPT)-delayed recall and the Enhanced Cued Recall (ECR) had the highest power to separate AD from controls. The tests with the least impact from schooling were the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS), supermarket fluency, RPT naming, delayed recall and recognition, and ECR. Conclusions: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the CNTB was well comprehended by the participants. The cognitive tests that best discriminated patients with AD from controls in lower and higher schooling participants were RPT delayed recall and ECR, both of which evaluate memory.
Descritores: Traduções
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico
Testes Neuropsicológicos/normas
-Rememoração Mental
Valores de Referência
Brasil
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Comparação Transcultural
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Escolaridade
Função Executiva
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1132076
Autor: Kleemann, Evelyn; Bracht, Claudia G.; Stanton, Robert; Schuch, Felipe B..
Título: Exercise prescription for people with mental illness: an evaluation of mental health professionals knowledge, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);42(3):271-277, May-June 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: The aim of this study was to understand the knowledge, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors of mental health professionals about physical activity and exercise for people with mental illness. Methods: The Portuguese version of The Exercise in Mental Illness Questionnaire was used to assess knowledge, beliefs, barriers, and behaviors about exercise prescription for people with mental illness in a sample of 73 mental health professionals (68.5% women, mean age = 37.0 years) from 10 Psychosocial Care Units (Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) in Porto Alegre and Canoas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Results: Most of respondents had received no formal training in exercise prescription. Exercise ranked fifth as the most important treatment, and most of the sample never or occasionally prescribed exercise. The most frequently reported barriers were lack of training in physical activity and exercise prescription and social stigma related to mental illness. Professionals who themselves met recommended physical activity levels found fewer barriers to prescribing physical activity and did so with greater frequency. Conclusion: Exercise is underrated and underused as a treatment. It is necessary to include physical activity and exercise training in mental health curricula. Physically active professionals are more likely to prescribe exercise and are less likely to encounter barriers to doing so. Interventions to increase physical activity levels among mental health professionals are necessary to decrease barriers to and increase the prescription of physical activity and exercise for mental health patients.
Descritores: Exercício Físico/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Terapia por Exercício/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
-Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Cultura
Estigma Social
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  3 / 1156 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1132120
Autor: Kaplan, Bahar; Yazici Gulec, Medine; Gica, Sakir; Gulec, Huseyin.
Título: The association between neurocognitive functioning and clinical features of borderline personality disorder
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);42(5):503-509, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To investigate the relationship between neurocognitive profiles and clinical manifestations of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Methods: Forty-five patients diagnosed with BPD and 35 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The BPD group was evaluated with the Borderline Personality Inventory for dissociative, impulsivity and suicidal dimensions. The Verbal Memory Processes Test and the Cambridge Neurophysiological Assessment Battery were administered to both the BPD and healthy control groups. Results: BPD patients differed from controls in sustained attention, facial emotion recognition, and deteriorated verbal memory function. A model consisting of the Dissociative Experiences Scale - Taxon (DES-T), motor impulsivity and Scale for Suicidal Behavior scores explained 52% of the variance in Borderline Personality Inventory scores. It was detected that motor impulsivity, decision-making and recognizing sadness may significantly predict DES-T scores, and response inhibition and facial emotion recognition scores may significantly predict impulsivity. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that the disassociation, impulsivity, and suicidality dimensions are sufficient to represent the clinical manifestations of BPD, that they are related to neurocognitive differences, and that they interact with clinical features.
Descritores: Atenção/fisiologia
Suicídio/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico
Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Dissociativos/diagnóstico
Comportamento Impulsivo
-Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
Testes Neuropsicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1376026
Autor: Oliveira, Camila Rosa de; Lima, Margarida Maria Baptista Mendes Pedroso de; Barroso, Sabrina Martins; Argimon, Irani Iracema de Lima.
Título: Psychometric properties of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX): a study with Brazilian older adults / Propriedades psicométricas do Questionário Disexecutivo (DEX): um estudo com adultos idosos brasileiros / Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario Disejecutivo (DEX): un estudio con adultos mayores brasileños
Fonte: Psico USF;26(spe):97-107, 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study aimed to verify the psychometric properties of the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) through exploratory factor analysis (EFA), evidence of reliability, and convergent validity, in a sample of neurologically preserved older adults. Participants were 345 older adults who answered, in addition to DEX, a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and two verbal fluency tasks. The EFA was conducted through Parallel Analysis based on the generation of a polychoric correlation matrix, as well as Pearson's correlation between the DEX scores, age, education, MMSE, and verbal fluency tasks. According to the EFA, the extraction of two factors ("Inhibition" and "Social Regulation and Planning") was suggested and DEX was negatively associated with age and MMSE. In conclusion, DEX presented a satisfactory factorial structure for older adults, which can be considered a reliable self-report measure for complaints of executive functions (AU).

O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar as propriedades psicométricas do Questionário Disexecutivo (DEX) por meio de análise fatorial exploratória (AFE), evidências de confiabilidade e de validade convergente, em uma amostra de adultos idosos neurologicamente preservados. Participaram 345 adultos idosos que responderam, além do DEX, um questionário sociodemográfico e clínico, o Miniexame do Estado Mental (MEEM) e duas tarefas de fluência verbal. A AFE foi conduzida por meio de análise paralela com base na geração de matriz de correlação policórica, bem como correlação de Pearson entre os escores do DEX, idade, escolaridade, MEEM e tarefas de fluência verbal. A AFE sugeriu a extração de dois fatores ("Inibição" e "Regulação Social e Planejamento") e o DEX associou-se negativamente com a idade e com o MEEM. Conclui-se que o DEX apresentou estrutura fatorial satisfatória para adultos idosos, podendo ser considerado uma medida confiável de autorrelato para queixas de funções executivas (AU).

El objetivo de este estudio fue verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario Disejecutivo (DEX) a través del análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE), evidencias de confiabilidad y validez convergente, en una muestra de adultos mayores preservados neurológicamente. Participaron 345 adultos mayores que respondieron, además del DEX, un cuestionario sociodemográfico y clínico, el Mini Examen del Estado Mental (MEEM) y dos tareas de fluidez verbal. La AFE se realizó mediante Análisis Paralelo basado en la generación de una matriz de correlación policórica, así como la correlación de Pearson entre las puntuaciones del DEX, edad, nivel de escolarización, MEEM y tareas de fluidez verbal. La AFE sugirió la extracción de dos factores ("Inhibición" y "Regulación y Planificación Social") y el DEX se asoció negativamente con la edad y con el MEEM. Se concluyó que el DEX presentó una estructura factorial satisfactoria para adultos mayores, lo que puede considerarse una medida de autoinforme fiable para las quejas de funciones ejecutivas (AU).
Descritores: Envelhecimento/psicologia
Cognição
Função Executiva
-Psicometria
Inquéritos e Questionários
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Análise Fatorial
Correlação de Dados
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Validação
Responsável: BR1249.1 - Coordenadoria do Sistema de Bibliotecas


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Caramelli, Paulo
Barreto, Sandhi Maria
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Id: biblio-1249185
Autor: Bertola, Laiss; Benseñor, Isabela M.; Gross, Alden L.; Caramelli, Paulo; Barreto, Sandhi Maria; Moreno, Arlinda B.; Griep, Rosane H.; Viana, Maria Carmen; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Suemoto, Claudia K..
Título: Longitudinal measurement invariance of neuropsychological tests in a diverse sample from the ELSA-Brasil study
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);43(3):254-261, May-June 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq.
Resumo: Objective: Longitudinal measurement invariance analyses are an important way to assess a test's ability to estimate the underlying construct over time, ensuring that cognitive scores across visits represent a similar underlying construct, and that changes in test performance are attributable to individual change in cognitive abilities. We aimed to evaluate longitudinal measurement invariance in a large, social and culturally diverse sample over time. Methods: A total of 5,949 participants from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) were included, whose cognition was reassessed after four years. Longitudinal measurement invariance analysis was performed by comparing a nested series of multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis models (for memory and executive function factors). Results: Configural, metric, scalar and strict invariance were tested and supported over time. Conclusion: Cognitive temporal changes in this sample are more likely to be due to normal and/or pathological aging. Testing longitudinal measurement invariance is essential for diverse samples at high risk of dementia, such as in low- and middle-income countries.
Descritores: Cognição
-Psicometria
Brasil
Análise Fatorial
Estudos Longitudinais
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Adulto
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1249191
Autor: Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Nogueira, Arthur S.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Andrade, Julio C.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Serpa, Mauricio H.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Alves, Tania M.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Freitas, Elder L.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Hortêncio, Lucas; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)van de Bilt, Martinus T.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Rössler, Wulf; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Gattaz, Wagner F.; Laboratório de Neurociências (LIM 27)Loch, Alexandre A..
Título: Influence of migration on the thought process of individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);43(3):285-288, May-June 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP.
Resumo: Objective: To assess the influence of migration on the psychopathological presentation of individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: This study is part of the Subclinical Symptoms and Prodromal Psychosis (SSAPP) project, a cohort study in São Paulo, Brazil, designed to follow individuals at UHR. After screening with the Prodromal Questionnaire (PQ) and a clinical interview, the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) was administered, a neuropsychological assessment was performed, sociodemographic and migration data were obtained. We then analyzed UHR individuals who had migration data to see if migration had any effect on their cognition and psychopathology. Chi-square tests were used for categorical variables, and Student's t test or analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for nonparametric and parametric distributions, respectively. Results: The sample was composed of 42 at-risk subjects, of whom 5 had a migration history in the past two generations. Those with migration history showed significantly more formal thought disturbances (p = 0.012) and sleeping problems (p = 0.033) compared to those without. Conclusions: Our data reinforce migration as a risk factor for psychosis in developing countries as well, and highlights the importance of studying the specific effect of this factor in UHR psychopathology.
Descritores: Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia
Esquizofrenia
-Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Brasil/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Estudos de Coortes
Sintomas Prodrômicos
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Caramelli, Paulo
Brucki, Sonia Maria Dozzi
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Id: biblio-1285521
Autor: Nitrini, Ricardo; Caramelli, Paulo; Brucki, Sonia Maria Dozzi; Yassuda, Mônica Sanches.
Título: The memory test of the Brief Cognitive Screening Battery is the same as the Recall of Pictures Test of the European Cross-Cultural Neuropsychological Test Battery
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);43(2):224-225, Mar.-Apr. 2021.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Comparação Transcultural
Memória
-Rememoração Mental
Cognição
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Carta
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Laks, Jerson
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Id: biblio-1285527
Autor: Araujo, Narahyana B.; Nielsen, Thomas R.; Laks, Jerson.
Título: Recall of pictures test included in the european cross-cultural neuropsychological test battery
Fonte: Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.);43(2):225-227, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab.
Idioma: en.
Descritores: Rememoração Mental
Comparação Transcultural
-Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Carta
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1351655
Autor: Tarasova, Irina V.; Trubnikova, Olga A.; Syrova, Irina D.; Barbarash, Olga L..
Título: Long-Term Neurophysiological Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Fonte: Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc = Braz. j. cardiovasc. surg. (impr.);36(5):629-638, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Introduction: This study aims to evaluate late postoperative neurophysiological outcomes in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Forty-five male patients with stable coronary artery disease aged 45-69 years underwent extended neuropsychological assessment using the software Status PF and electroencephalographical examination 3-5 days before CABG and 5-7 years after CABG. Postoperative decline in cognitive functions was determined by a 20% decrease in the cognitive indicator compared to that at baseline on 20% of the tests included in the Status PF battery. Statistical analysis was performed using the software STATISTICA 10.0. Multiple regression was used to identify demographic, clinical, and electroencephalographical variables associated with adverse cognitive outcomes. Results: Cognitive decline was observed in 54% of the patients in the long-term postoperative period. Five to seven years after CABG, all patients have shown an increase in the theta rhythm power compared to the preoperative values, which is most pronounced in the frontal and temporal areas of the right hemisphere (P=0.04), along with a decrease in the alpha rhythm in the posterior areas of the cortex (P=0.005). Multiple regression has reported that the main predictors of cognitive impairment are slower mean alpha frequency, decreased theta-2 rhythm with eyes closed in the right temporal area, and increased theta-2 rhythm with eyes open in the left temporal area (F(5.39)=8.81; P<0.00007; adjusted R-squared=0.57). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that 54% of the patients suffer from postoperative cognitive decline associated with increased theta and decreased alpha rhythms 5-7 years after CABG.
Descritores: Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia
Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia
Disfunção Cognitiva
-Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Ponte de Artéria Coronária
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Martinez, José Eduardo
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Id: biblio-1290262
Autor: Feichtenberger, Patrícia Regina Piedade; Rocha, Maura Regina Laureano; dos Santos Puga, Maria Eduarda; Martinez, José Eduardo.
Título: Screening for cognitive impairment among individuals aged 60 years or over: scoping review
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;139(5):520-534, May 2021. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Growth in aging of the population has led to increasing numbers of elderly people presenting cognitive impairment and evolution to dementia. There is still no consensus within primary care on the best strategy for screening for cognitive impairment among elderly people. Standardization of a simple but reasonably accurate instrument for a brief cognitive test, in primary care environments, would enable healthcare professionals to identify individuals who require a more in-depth assessment of cognition. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the instruments used by healthcare professionals in studies conducted worldwide and ascertain the most suitable instruments for screening for cognitive impairment among individuals aged 60 years or over, in the Brazilian population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Scoping review developed at Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was conducted for primary studies using instruments to screen for cognitive impairment among individuals aged 60 years or over, in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central and LILACS databases. RESULTS: A total of 983 articles were identified by two independent reviewers, from which 49 were selected for full-text reading, based on the criteria defined for this review. From this, 16 articles adhering to the theme of screening for cognitive impairment among the elderly were selected for in-depth analysis. CONCLUSION: The Mini-Mental State Examination was the instrument most cited in these studies. The Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire and the Verbal Fluency Test (semantic category) present characteristics favoring further studies, for testing as screening instruments for cognitive impairment among elderly people in Brazil.
Descritores: Demência
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Programas de Rastreamento
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Limites: Humanos
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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