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Id: lil-795297
Autor: Maia, Emanuella Gomes; Gomes, Fernanda Mendes Dias; Alves, Marana Hauck; Huth, Yara Rubia; Claro, Rafael Moreira.
Título: Hábito de assistir à televisão e sua relação com a alimentação: resultados do período de 2006 a 2014 em capitais brasileiras / Watching TV and eating habits: the results from 2006 to 2014 in Brazilian state capitals / Hábito de ver televisión y su relación con la alimentación: resultados del período de 2006 a 2014 en capitales brasileñas
Fonte: Cad. Saúde Pública (Online);32(9):e00104515, 2016. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Resumo: O objetivo foi analisar a evolução da frequência do hábito de assistir à TV no Brasil e identificar a associação entre este hábito e o consumo alimentar na população adulta do Brasil entre os anos de 2006 e 2014. Dados do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (VIGITEL) entre os anos de 2006 e 2014 foram utilizados. O hábito diário de assistir à TV e o consumo alimentar de frutas, hortaliças, feijão, carnes, leite, refrigerantes e/ou bebidas adoçadas foram analisados ao longo dos anos, sendo sua associação investigada por meio de modelos de regressão. A frequência de adultos referindo assistir à televisão por ao menos 3 horas por dia não variou significativamente ao longo dos anos, porém, nestes indivíduos, foi possível verificar um menor consumo de alimentos saudáveis, e maior, daqueles não saudáveis. Essa situação foi verificada em ambos os sexos e em todas as faixas de idade e escolaridade pesquisadas. O hábito de assistir à TV está associado ao consumo alimentar não saudável.

Abstract: The objectives were to analyze trends in TV watching in Brazil and to identify the association between this habit and food consumption in the Brazilian adult population from 2006 to 2014. Data were obtained from the Surveillance System for Risk and Protective Factors for Chronic Illnesses Using a Telephone Survey (VIGITEL) for the years 2006 to 2014. The daily habit of watching TV and consumption of fruits, vegetables, beans, meat, milk, sodas, and/or sweetened beverages were analyzed over the period, and their association was investigated using regression models. The proportion of adults that reported watching more than three hours of TV per day did not vary significantly over the years, but these individuals showed declining consumption of healthy foods and increasing consumption of unhealthy foods. This situation was observed in both sexes and in all age and schooling brackets. The habit of watching TV is associated with unhealthy eating.

Resumen: El objetivo fue analizar la evolución de la frecuencia del hábito de ver TV en Brasil e identificar la asociación entre el hábito de ver TV y el consumo alimenticio en la población adulta de Brasil entre los años de 2006 y 2014. Se utilizaron datos del sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo y Protección para Enfermedades Crónicas por Encuesta Telefónica (VIGITEL) entre los años 2006 y 2014. El hábito diario de ver TV y el consumo alimenticio de frutas, hortalizas, frijoles, carnes, leche, refrescos y/o bebidas azucaradas fueron analizados a lo largo de los años, siendo su asociación investigada mediante modelos de regresión. La frecuencia de adultos informando que ven televisión por lo menos 3 horas al día no varió significativamente a lo largo de los años, no obstante, en estos individuos, fue posible verificar un menor consumo de alimentos saludables, y mayor que el de aquellos no saludables. Esta situación fue verificada en ambos sexos y en todas las franjas de edad y escolaridad investigadas. El hábito de ver TV está asociado a un consumo alimenticio no saludable.
Descritores: Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos
Doença Crônica
Comportamento Alimentar
-Fatores Socioeconômicos
Fatores de Tempo
População Urbana
Brasil
Entrevistas como Assunto
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Adolescente
Comportamento Sedentário
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-774631
Autor: Rodrigues, Paulo Rogério Melo; Souza, Rita Adriana Gomes de; Cnop, Mara Lima De; Monteiro, Luana Silva; Coura, Camila Pinheiro; Brito, Alessandra Page; Pereira, Rosangela Alves.
Título: Dietary quality varies according to data collection instrument: a comparison between a food frequency questionnaire and 24-hour recall / A qualidade da dieta varia de acordo com o instrumento de obtenção de dados: comparação entre questionário de frequência alimentar e recordatório de 24 horas / La calidad de la dieta varía de acuerdo a lo instrumento de obtención de datos: comparación de cuestionario de frecuencia alimentaria y recordatorio de 24 horas
Fonte: Cad. Saúde Pública (Online);32(2):e00047215, 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CNPq.
Resumo: Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the agreement between the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index – Revised (BHEI-R), estimated by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and multiple 24-hour recalls (24h-R). The Wilcoxon paired test, partial correlations (PC), intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), and Bland-Altman method were used. The total BHEI-R scores and its components (“total fruits”, “whole fruits”, “total vegetables”, “integral cereals”, “saturated fat”, “sodium”, and “energy intake derived from solid fat, added sugar, and alcoholic beverages”) were statistically different, with the ICC and PC indicating poor concordance and correlation. The mean concordance estimated for the total BHEI-R and its components varied from 68% for “integral cereals” to 147% for “whole fruits”. The suitable concordance limits were violated for most of the components of the BHEI-R. Poor concordance was observed between the BHEI-R estimated by the FFQ and by multiple 24h-R, which indicated a strong reliability of the BHEI-R on the instrument used to collect information on food consumption.

Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a concordância entre o Índice de Qualidade da Dieta Revisado (IQD-R), estimado por questionário de frequência alimentar (QFA) e recordatório de 24 horas (R24h). O teste de Wilcoxon, correlações parciais (CP), coeficiente de correlação intra-classe (CCI) e o método Bland-Altman foram usados. Os escores totais do IQD-R e seus componentes (“frutas totais”, “frutas inteiras”, “vegetais totais”, “cerais integrais”, “gordura saturada”, “sódio” e “ingestão de energia derivada de gordura sólida, adicionados de açúcar e bebidas alcoólicas” foram estatisticamente diferentes, com o CCI e as CP indicando baixa concordância e correlação. A concordância média estimada para o IQD-R total e seus componentes variou de 68% para “cereais integrais” e 147% para as “frutas inteiras”. Os limites adequados de concordância foram ultrapassados para a maior parte dos componentes do IQD-R. Observou-se baixa concordância entre o IQD-R estimado pelo QFA e por múltiplos R24h, o que indica uma forte confiabilidade do IQD-R no instrumento usado para coletar informações sobre o consumo alimentar.

Resumen El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la correlación entre el Índice de Calidad de la Dieta Revisado (ICD-R), estimado por cuestionario de frecuencia de alimentos (CFA) y recordatorio de 24 horas (R24h). Se utilizó la prueba de Wilcoxon, correlaciones parciales (CP), coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) y el método de Bland-Altman. Las puntuaciones totales del ICD-R y sus componentes (“total de frutas”, “frutas enteras”, “vegetales totales”, “granos integrales”, “grasa saturada”, “sodio” y “consumo de energía derivada de grasa sólida, agregado de azúcar y alcohol”) fueron estadísticamente diferentes, con el CCI y el CP indicando baja concordancia y correlación. La concordancia media estimada para el ICD-R total y sus componentes varió de 68% para los “granos integrales” y 147% para las “frutas enteras”. Los límites adecuados de concordancia fureon excedidos para la mayor parte de los componentes del ICD-R. Se observó baja concordancia entre el ICD-R estimado por el CFA y múltiples R24h, lo que indica una fuerte confiabilidad del ICD-R en el instrumento que se utiliza para recopilar información sobre el consumo de alimentos.
Descritores: Registros de Dieta
Inquéritos sobre Dietas/métodos
Dieta/normas
Ingestão de Energia
-Inquéritos sobre Dietas/instrumentação
Rememoração Mental
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores de Tempo
Limites: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Humanos
Masculino
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Estudo de Validação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788098
Autor: Caballero, Andrés; Pinilla, Milciades Ibañez; Mendoza, Isabel Cristina Suárez; Peña, Juan Ramón Acevedo.
Título: Frecuencia de reingresos hospitalarios y factores asociados en afiliados a una administradora de servicios de salud en Colombia / Hospital readmission rate and associated factors among health services enrollees in Colombia / Frequência de readmissões e fatores associados em filiados a serviços de saúde na Colômbia
Fonte: Cad. Saúde Pública (Online);32(7):e00146014, 2016. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen: Los reingresos hospitalarios son frecuentes y costosos, en Colombia existe poca información. El objetivo fue establecer la frecuencia de reingresos hospitalarios por cualquier causa a 30 días y factores asociados. Se trata de un estudio analítico con cohorte retrospectiva 64.969 hospitalizaciones entre enero de 2008 y enero de 2009 en 47 ciudades colombianas 6.573 reingresos hospitalarios, prevalencia: 10,1% (hombres 10,9%; mujeres 9,5%), 44,7% en > 65 años. Mortalidad mayor en reingresos hospitalarios (5,8% vs. 1,8%). Mayor carga de reingresos hospitalarios en grupo sistema circulatorio. Mayor probabilidad de reingresos hospitalarios en enfermedades hematológicas y neoplasias. Estancia hospitalaria promedio durante el primer ingreso: 7 días en pacientes que reingresaron y 4,5 en quienes no. Costo total mayor para reingresos hospitalarios (USD 21.998.275): 15,8% del costo total de hospitalizaciones. Mayor prevalencia en pacientes remitidos (18,8%) y de consulta externa (13,7%). Los reingresos hospitalarios son frecuentes, se asocian con mayor estancia, mortalidad y costo. Mayor riesgo de reingresos hospitalarios en sexo masculino, > 65 años, pacientes remitidos de otra institución, enfermedades hematológicas y neoplasias.

Abstract: Hospital readmissions are common and expensive, and there is little information on the problem in Colombia. The objective was to determine the frequency of 30-day all-cause hospital readmissions and associated factors. This was a retrospective analytical cohort study of 64,969 hospitalizations from January 2008 to January 2009 in 47 Colombian cities. 6,573 hospital readmissions, prevalence: 10.1% (men 10.9%, women 9.5%), 44.7% > 65 years of age. Hospital readmissions was associated with higher mortality (5.8% vs. 1.8%). There was an increase in the Hospital readmissions rate in patients with diseases of the circulatory system. Hospital readmissions was more likely in hematological diseases and neoplasms. Mean length of stay during the first readmission was 7 days in patients that were readmitted and 4.5 in those without readmission. Greater total cost of hospital readmissions (USA 21,998,275): 15.8% of the total cost of hospitalizations. Higher prevalence rates in referred patients (18.8%) and patients from the outpatient clinic (13.7%). Hospital readmissions is common and is associated with longer length of hospital stay and higher mortality and cost. Increased risk of hospital readmissions in men > 65 years, patients referred from other institutions, and in hematological diseases and neoplasms.

Resumo: Readmissões hospitalares são comuns e caras; na Colômbia há pouca informação. O objetivo foi determinar a frequência de readmissões hospitalares por qualquer causa aos 30 dias e fatores associados. Estudo analítico, coorte retrospectivo 64.969 hospitalizações entre janeiro de 2008 e janeiro de 2009 em 47 cidades colombianas. Seis mil quinhentos e setenta e três readmissões hospitalares, prevalência: 10,1% (homens 10,9%, mulheres 9,5%), 44,7% com > 65 anos. Maior mortalidade em readmissões hospitalares (5,8% vs. 1,8%). Aumento do número de readmissões hospitalares no grupo de sistema circulatório. Maior probabilidade de readmissões hospitalares em doenças hematológicas e neoplasias. Tempo médio de internação, durante a primeira readmissão: 7 dias em pacientes que foram readmitidos e 4,5 naqueles sem readmissão. Maior custo total de readmissões hospitalares (USD 21.998.275): 15,8% do custo total das internações. Maiores prevalências em pacientes encaminhados (18,8%) e pacientes do ambulatório (13,7%). Readmissões hospitalares são comuns, estão associadas com o maior tempo de hospitalização, mortalidade e custo. Aumento do risco de readmissões hospitalares em homens com > 65 anos, pacientes encaminhados de outras instituições, doenças hematológicas e neoplasias.
Descritores: Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Planos de Pré-Pagamento em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
-Readmissão do Paciente/economia
Fatores de Tempo
Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
Análise Multivariada
Estudos Retrospectivos
Planos de Pré-Pagamento em Saúde/economia
Mortalidade Hospitalar
Distribuição por Sexo
Colômbia
Distribuição por Idade
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Tempo de Internação/economia
Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1043149
Autor: Soto V, Álvaro; Morales I, Gladys; Vega C, Claudio; Echeverría V, Gonzalo; Colinas G, María Belén; Canales O, Pedro; Contreras B, Daniela.
Título: Tiempos de atención de urgencias neurológicas en un hospital regional de alta complejidad / Waiting times for neurological emergencies in an emergency room
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;146(7):885-889, jul. 2018. tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: Universidad de La Frontera.
Resumo: Background: Neurological emergencies constitute 10-15% of medical emergencies. Doctor Hernán Henríquez Aravena Hospital has in house neurologists present permanently at the Emergency Room since July 2013. Aim: To estimate the waiting times for neurological consultations; to compare the waiting times between neurovascular (UV) and non-vascular (UNV) emergencies; and to compare the waiting times of two prioritization (triage) models. Material and Methods: A convenience sample of the consultations made during shift # 1 at the emergency room between January and December 2016, was analyzed. Results: There were 859 consultations in the period, 570 for UNV and 289 for UV. Mean age of consultants was 57 years and 52% were women. The median time for having an evaluation by a neurologist was 106 min (132 and 81 min for UNV and UV respectively). Twenty seven percent of patients were evaluated in less than one hour (23 and 36% of UNV and UV, respectively). The change of the prioritization model decreased the waiting time by 81 and 32 min for UNV and UV, respectively. Conclusions: There were significant differences in waiting times between neurovascular and non-vascular emergencies. Most patients were not evaluated in less than 60 minutes. The change in the initial stratification model was associated with a significant reduction in the waiting times for neurological emergencies.
Descritores: Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Tempo para o Tratamento
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso
-Fatores de Tempo
Estudos Prospectivos
Exame Neurológico
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Estudo Observacional
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1058597
Autor: Sepúlveda, Edgardo; Ibáñez, Aníbal; Baeza, Cristian; Espíndola, Manuel; Sepúlveda, Gustavo; Maureira, Mauricio; Uribe, Juan Pablo; Salas, Cristian.
Título: Reparación de válvula mitral y cierre de comunicación interauricular, asistida por robot: experiencia inicial / Robotic mitral valve repair and closure of atrial septal defect: report of 13 procedures
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(10):1303-1307, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background Robot-assisted minimally invasive heart surgery is an effective alternative when compared with classical approaches. It has a low mortality and postoperative complications and its long-term durability is comparable with conventional techniques. Aim: To report short- and long-term results with the use of a robot-assisted transthoracic approach. Patients and Methods: Review of patients undergoing heart surgery between 2015 and 2019 using a robot assisted minimally invasive technique in a single center. We analyzed demographic characteristics, surgical and early ultrasound results. Results: Thirteen procedures were reviewed, nine mitral valve repairs (MVR) in patients aged 61 ± 21 years (seven males) and four atrial septal defect (ASD) closures in patients aged from 24 to 52 years (three men). For MVR, the average extracorporeal circulation and myocardial ischemia times were 120 ± 20.9 and 89 ± 21 minutes, respectively. The median hospitalization was four days. Two cases of MVR had postoperative complications. There was no mortality. All cases showed improvement in their symptoms. Ultrasound findings showed no postoperative mitral insufficiency except in one case. Conclusions: We report very good results in both complex mitral repair and CIA closure, comparable to centers with high standards in minimally invasive robot-assisted heart surgery.
Descritores: Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos
Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia
Valva Mitral/cirurgia
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia
-Fatores de Tempo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Resultado do Tratamento
Circulação Extracorpórea
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1058591
Autor: Poblete-Valderrama, Felipe; Rivera, Carol Flores; Petermann-Rocha, Fanny; Leiva, Ana María; Martínez-Sanguinetti, María Adela; Troncoso, Claudia; Mardones, Lorena; Villagrán, Marcelo; Nazar, Gabriela; Ulloa, Natalia; Martorell, Miquel; Díaz-Martínez, Ximena; Lanuza, Fabián; Garrido-Méndez, Alex; Celis-Morales, Carlos.
Título: Actividad física y tiempo sedente se asocian a sospecha de deterioro cognitivo en población adulta mayor chilena / Physical activity and sedentary behaviours are associated with cognitive impairment in Chilean older adults
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(10):1247-1255, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: Lifestyle factors could promote healthy ageing. Aim: To investigate the association between physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior and cognitive impairment in Chilean older adults. Material and Methods: We included 1,390 participants from the National Health Survey (2009-2010). The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to diagnose cognitive impairment. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed with the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ). Logistic regression was performed to investigate the associations. Results: Compared with older adults with lower levels of PA (< 48 min/day), those with middle (48-248 min/day) and higher (>248 min/day) levels of PA had lower odds for cognitive impairment (Odds ratio (OR): 0.57 [95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.33; 0.82], p < 0.01 and 0.58 [95% CI: 0.32; 0.83], p < 0.01, respectively). Participants who reported spending more than 8 hours/day sitting had a high odds for cognitive impairment compared to those who spent < 4 hours/day (OR: 3.70 [95% CI: 1.37; 6.03], p = 0.01). Conclusions: Both PA and sedentary behavior were independently associated with cognitive decline independent of major confounding factors in Chilean older adults.
Descritores: Exercício Físico/fisiologia
Comportamento Sedentário
Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia
-Fatores de Tempo
Modelos Logísticos
Razão de Chances
Chile
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Testes de Estado Mental e Demência
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Idoso
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1058590
Autor: Peña, Camila; González, José Tomás; López-Vidal, Hernán; Donoso, Javiera; Contreras, Carolina; Vergara, Carmen Gloria; Hojas, Ricardo; Soto, Pablo; Correa, Gonzalo; Valjalo, Ricardo; Ríos, Álvaro; Larrondo, Jorge; Álvarez, Jaime; Rojas, Christine.
Título: AL amyloidosis in the Chilean public health system: a pending debt: multicenter study of the Chilean Monoclonal Gammopathies Cooperative Group / Amiloidosis AL en el sistema público de Chile: una deuda pendiente: estudio multicéntrico
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(10):1239-1246, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Background: Immunoglobulin light chain (AL) amyloidosis is a rare and underdiagnosed entity. Aim: To characterize patients with AL amyloidosis in Chilean public health centers. Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective, multicenter study. Public centers of the Chilean Monoclonal Gammopathies Cooperative Group were asked to search for patients with AL amyloidosis in their databases. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory characteristics were evaluated. Results: Forty-two patients aged 22 to 84 years were found. Twenty four percent had localized AL amyloidosis; 64% had a lambda light chain clone; 47% were associated with multiple myeloma and 9% with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The most commonly involved organ was the kidney (76%). Serum free light chains were measured in 31% and an echocardiogram was performed in 74% of patients. Seventeen percent of patients received only palliative care, 17% were treated with bortezomib, 21% with thalidomide, and 40% with melphalan. No patient was transplanted. The mean overall survival (OS) of the group was 19 months. The 5-year OS was 28%. Conclusions: It is important to obtain these realistic, national data to initiate strategies to improve early diagnosis and proper management of this disease.

La amiloidosis AL es una entidad poco frecuente y subdiagnosticada. Mientras todo el mundo discute sobre las nuevas herramientas diagnósticas y terapéuticas, en Chile y en América Latina en general, estamos lejos de esa realidad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue caracterizar a los pacientes con amiloidosis AL en centros del sistema público de nuestro país. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, multicéntrico, descriptivo. Los centros públicos del grupo cooperativo hematológico chileno buscaron en sus bases de datos pacientes diagnosticados con amiloidosis AL. Se evaluaron las características epidemiológicas, clínicas y de laboratorio. La edad media fue de 65 años. A 24% de los pacientes se les diagnosticó amiloidosis AL localizada; 64% tuvo paraproteína con cadena ligera lambda; 47% se asoció con mieloma múltiple y 9% con linfoma no Hodgkin. El órgano afectado con mayor frecuencia fue el riñón (76%). Las cadenas ligeras libres de suero se realizaron en 31% y ecocardiograma en 74%. El 17% recibió solo cuidados paliativos, 17% recibió tratamiento con bortezomib, 21% con talidomida y 40% con melfalán. Ningún paciente fue trasplantado. La media de sobrevida global (SG) del grupo fue de 19 meses. La SG a 5 años fue de 28%. Es importante reportar estos resultados nacionales para iniciar estrategias que mejoren tanto el diagnóstico temprano como el tratamiento de esta patología. Por lo tanto, mejorar la sospecha diagnóstica es crucial.
Descritores: Setor Público/estatística & dados numéricos
Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/epidemiologia
Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
-Fatores de Tempo
Eletroforese das Proteínas Sanguíneas
Chile/epidemiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Cadeias lambda de Imunoglobulina
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Amiloidose de Cadeia Leve de Imunoglobulina/fisiopatologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Adulto Jovem
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Multicêntrico
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1058589
Autor: Villena, Fabián; Dunstan, Jocelyn.
Título: Obtención automática de palabras clave en textos clínicos: una aplicación de procesamiento del lenguaje natural a datos masivos de sospecha diagnóstica en Chile / Automatic keyword retrieval from clinical texts: an application of natural language processing to massive data of Chilean suspected diagnosis
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(10):1229-1238, oct. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: Free-text imposes a challenge in health data analysis since the lack of structure makes the extraction and integration of information difficult, particularly in the case of massive data. An appropriate machine-interpretation of electronic health records in Chile can unleash knowledge contained in large volumes of clinical texts, expanding clinical management and national research capabilities. Aim: To illustrate the use of a weighted frequency algorithm to find keywords. This finding was carried out in the diagnostic suspicion field of the Chilean specialty consultation waiting list, for diseases not covered by the Chilean Explicit Health Guarantees plan. Material and Methods: The waiting lists for a first specialty consultation for the period 2008-2018 were obtained from 17 out of 29 Chilean health services, and total of 2,592,925 diagnostic suspicions were identified. A natural language processing technique called Term Frequency-Inverse Document Frequency was used for the retrieval of diagnostic suspicion keywords. Results: For each specialty, four key words with the highest weighted frequency were determined. Word clouds showing words weighted by their importance were created to obtain a visual representation. These are available at cimt.uchile.cl/lechile/. Conclusions: The algorithm allowed to summarize unstructured clinical free-text data, improving its usefulness and accessibility.
Descritores: Processamento de Linguagem Natural
Processamento Eletrônico de Dados/métodos
Registros Médicos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos
Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos
Mineração de Dados/métodos
-Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores de Tempo
Computação em Informática Médica
Chile
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Medicina
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1058618
Autor: Pulgar B, Dahiana; Yáñez B, Nicolás; Ortega G, Francisco.
Título: Mortalidad a 30 días posterior a la administración de quimioterapia sistémica en una unidad oncológica regional / Mortality within 30 days of receiving systemic chemotherapy at a regional oncology unit
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;147(7):887-890, jul. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: The use of systemic chemotherapy has survival and palliation benefits in oncological patients. Mortality at 30 days after the administration of systemic chemotherapy is considered as a quality and safety indicator of oncological patient care. The international mortality threshold is 5%, which is the figure used to compare institutions. Aim: To assess mortality at 30 days after the administration of ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in a regional referral center in adult cancer patients. Material and Methods: Retrospective observational study of patients receiving ambulatory systemic chemotherapy in the oncology service of a regional public hospital during 2018. The 30-day mortality rate was calculated. Demographic characteristics, baseline disease and the treatment received were recorded. Results: During the study period, 690 patients received ambulatory systemic chemotherapy. Chemotherapy was palliative in 76% of patients and 53% received a first line treatment. Seventeen (2.5%) died within 30 days of treatment administration. Nine deaths (52.9%) were definitely related to treatment and sepsis was the most frequent cause. Conclusions: Our mortality rates are similar to international data. This type of audit reviews local outcomes and identifies factors contributing to mortality aiming to improve standards of care.
Descritores: Neoplasias/mortalidade
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem
-Fatores de Tempo
Estudos Retrospectivos
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Observacional
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  10 / 11093 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-1139370
Autor: Carvajal, Sandra; Quintero, Jaime; Ocampo, Edward; Perafán, Pablo; Carvajal, Daniel; Pava, Luis Fernando.
Título: Supervivencia a 30 días y 1 año de pacientes con muerte súbita con posterior colocación de dispositivo cardíaco implantable en un hospital de alta complejidad / Patients with sudden cardiac death receiving an implantable cardiac device: survival at 30 days and one year
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;148(6):772-777, jun. 2020. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: The use of implantable cardiac devices in patients with sudden cardiac arrest has contributed to their survival. Aim: To determine the survival rate at 30 days and one year after hospital discharge of patients who had a cardiac arrest with subsequent placement of an implantable cardiac device. Material and Methods: Twenty-three patients older than 18 years who presented sudden extra-institutional or intra-institutional death with subsequent implantation of an implantable cardiac device and whose survival was recorded at 30 days and one year, were included. A univariate analysis was performed. Results: Eighteen patients had an extra institutional cardiac arrest. All patients were discharged alive. We could not ascertain the health status of one patient at follow-up. Twenty-one patients had a Cerebral Performance Category (CPC) of 1 at discharge. One patient died of a stroke within 30 days and one patient died due to an arrhythmic electrical storm one year later. Twenty patients survived at least one year after hospital discharge. Conclusions: Survival at 30 days and one year, was high in patients with sudden death or cardiac arrest who required intracardiac devices.
Descritores: Desfibriladores Implantáveis
Parada Cardíaca/terapia
-Alta do Paciente
Fatores de Tempo
Taxa de Sobrevida
Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central



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