||Liu, Fei; Qu, Yun-Kun; Geng, Chao; Wang, Ai-Ming; Zhang, Jia-Hong; Li, Jin-Feng; Chen e, Kai-Jian; Liu, Bo; Tian, Hong-Yan; Yang, Wen-Ping; Yu, Ye-Bing.|
||Analysis of the population structure and genetic diversity of the red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) in China using SSR markers|
||Electron. j. biotechnol;47:59-71, sept. 2020. tab, ilus, graf.
||Jiangsu Province Agricultural Science and Technology Independent Innovation Fund Project; . Jiangsu Agricultural Industry Technology System (Red Swamp Crayfish; . China Agriculture Research System; . Yancheng Institute of Technology Talent Introduction Project; . Jiangsu Science and Technology Project - Northern; . Jiangsu Science and Technology Special Project.
||BACKGROUND: Procambarus clarkii produces high-quality, delicious meat that is high in protein, low in fat, and rich in calcium and phosphorus. It has become an important aquatic resource in China. Our objectives are (i) to analyze the level of genetic diversity of P. clarkii populations; (ii) to explore the genetic differentiation (Gst); and (iii) to propose appropriate strategies for the conservation. RESULTS: In this study, Shannon's index (I) and Nei's gene diversity index (H) for P. clarkii were high (I = 0.3462 and H = 0.2325 on average and I = 0.6264, H = 0.4377 at the species level) based on the SSR markers. The expected heterozygosity value of 17 microsatellite loci in 25 crayfish populations was 0.9317, the observed heterozygosity value was 0.9121, and the observed number of alleles per locus was 2.000; and the effective number of alleles per locus was 1.8075. Among the P. clarkii populations, the inbreeding coefficient within populations (Fis) was 0.2315, overall inbreeding coefficient (Fit) was 0.4438, genetic differentiation coefficient among populations (Fst) was 0.3145 and gene differentiation (Gst) was 0.4785 based on SSR analyses. The cluster analysis results obtained by unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA) analysis, principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) and STRUCTURE analysis were similar. A mantel test showed that the isolation-by-distance pattern was not significant. CONCLUSIONS: The high Gst among P. clarkii populations is attributed to genetic drift and geographic isolation. The results indicated that more P. clarkii populations should be collected when formulating conservation and aquaculture strategies.|
Repetições de Microssatélites
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Triagem de Portadores Genéticos
||CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central|