||Tanaka, Manani; Tanaka, Tomoo; Inazawa, Johji; Nagafuchi, Shigeo; Matsui, Youji; Kaukas, Anne; Johnston, David A.|
||Proceedings of the schistosome genome project|
||Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;92(6):829-34, Nov.-Dec. 1997. ilus.
||Apresentado em: Parasite Genome Projects: Strategies and Methods, Buenos Aires, Nov. 13-24, 1995.
||"The host-parasite relationship" is a vast and diverse research field which, despite huge human and financial input over many years, remains largely shrouded in mystery. Clearly, the adaptation of parasites to their different host species, and to the different environomental stresses that they represent, depends on interactions with, and responses to, various molecules of host and/or parasite origin. The schistosome genome project is a primary strategy to reach the goal; this systematic research project has successfully developed novel technologies for qualitative and quantitative characterization of schistosome genes and genome organization by extensive international collaboration between top quality laboratories. Schistosomes are a family of parasitic blood flukes (Phylum Platyhelminthes), which have seven pairs of autosomal chromosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes (ZZ for a male worm an ZW for a female), of a haploid genome size of 2.7X10 8 base pairs (Simpson et al. 1982). Schistosomes are ideal model organisms for the development of genome mapping strategies since they have a small genome size comparable to that of well-characterized model organisms such as Caenorhabditis elegans (100 Mb) and Drosophila (165Mb), and contain functional genes with a high level of homology to the host mammalian genes. Here we summarize the current progress in the schistosome genome project, the information of 3.047 transcribed genes (Expresses Sequence Tags; EST), complete sets of cDNA and genomic DNA libraries (including YAC and cosmid libraries) with a mapping technique to the well defined schistosome chromosomes. The schistosome genome project will further identify and charaterize the key molecules that are responsable for host-parasite adaptation, i.e., successful growth developement, maturation and reproduction of the parasite within its host in the near future.|
||-Cromossomos Artificiais de Levedura|
Hibridização In Situ
||BR15.1 - Biblioteca de Ciências Biomédicas|