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Id: lil-437674
Autor: Lima, Francisca Wilma Neide de; Ohashi, Orlando Shigueo; Souza, Francisco Ronaldo Sarmanho de; Gomes, Fabrícia da Silva.
Título: Avaliação de acessos de milho para resistência a Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) em laboratório / Evaluation of a maize collection to Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) resistance in laboratory
Fonte: Acta amaz;36(2):147-150, abr.-jun.2006. graf, tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Avaliou-se uma coleção de milho para resistência à lagarta de Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E.Smith) (Lepidóptera: Noctuidae) em testes de laboratório da UFRA. Utilizou-se 25 acessos de milho proveniente do banco de germoplasma da Embrapa Milho e Sorgo, em um experimento inteiramente ao acaso com três repetições. Observou-se diariamente o desenvolvimento dos insetos durante as fases de larva e pupa, para registrar as alterações biológicas promovidas pelos acessos de milho. Os dados observados foram submetidos à ANOVA, as médias foram comparadas pelo teste SNK e através da análise de regressão linear, determinou-se o grau de dependência entre o consumo foliar de S. frugiperda na fase larval e a respectiva biomassa do inseto na fase pupal. Os resultados mostraram que houve influência dos acessos de milho sobre o desenvolvimento da lagarta-do-cartucho do milho. Os acessos que promoveram a menor percentagem de viabilidade de lagartas foram AM 013, RO 009 e MA 002, enquanto RR 168 e PA 110 foram os menos consumidos pelas lagartas de S. frugiperda.

A collection of maize was evaluated to corn population resistance to the corn caterpillar Spodoptera frugiperda (Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in laboratory at UFRA. There were used 25 corn population from the germoplasm bank of Embrapa Maize and Sorghum Research Center with three repetitions. The development of this insect was daily observed, from the caterpillar phase to the pupal, to register the biological differences promoted by maize population. The observed data were submitted to ANOVA, the averages were compared by the SNK test and the linear regression analysis was determined between leaf consumption and the respective pupal biomass. The results showed that the maize population affected the larval development. The least larval viability was observed on populations AM 013, RO 009 and MA 002, and the leaf consumption by S.frugiperda larvae was on RR 168 and PA 110.
Descritores: Controle de Pragas
Spodoptera
Zea mays
Insetos
Lepidópteros
Antibiose
Responsável: BR6.1 - BCS - Biblioteca de Ciências da Saúde


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Id: biblio-1020751
Autor: FANTINATO, Vera; CAMARGO, Heloísa Ramalho; SOUSA, Ana Lúcia Orlandinni Pilleggi de.
Título: Probiotics study with Streptococcus salivarius and its ability to produce bacteriocins and adherence to KB cells / Estudo de probióticos Streptococcus salivarius e sua habilidade de produzir bacteriocinas e aderência à células KB
Fonte: Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online);48:e20190029, 2019. graf, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP.
Resumo: Abstract Introduction Streptococcus salivarius is a dominant oral species and the best suitable candidate for probiotic of the oral cavity. Since Streptococcus salivarius is able to produce bacteriocins against Streptococcus pyogenes interest has been focused on the use of it as a probiotic to avoid sore throats by Streptococcus pyogenes. Objective This study is for selecting Streptococcus salivarius strains for potential use as probiotics for the oral mucosa, that is, production of bacteriocin against Streptococcus pyogenes and the ability to bind to KB cells. Material and method Tongue material from 45 students was collected and seeded on Mitis Salivarius Agar plaques. The strains were tested by the production of bacteriocin-like substances (BLIS) against S. pyogenes, biochemically and PCR for identification of S. salivarius. The best strains were tested for adherence to KB cells. Briefly, S. salivarius strains were cultured in broth, washed and suspended at 108cells/ml. KB cells were inoculated into plaques, washed and incubated with the bacteria, for adhesion. These were washed for lysis of the KB cells and release bacteria for determination of CFU. Result The bacteriocin test showed that 133 strains presented inhibition of S. pyogenes. The samples tested for adhesion to KB cells, presented different profiles and only three strains presenting high adhesion capacity. Conclusion The selection of strains of Streptococcus salivarius with high inhibitory activity against Streptococcus pyogenes, as well as adherence to KB cells leads us to the next future step, that is, to use the best strains for in vivo colonization tests

Resumo Introdução Streptococcus salivarius é uma espécie dominante na cavidade bucal e tem sido indicada como um ótimo candidato para uso como probiótico. Visto que a espécie Streptococcus salivarius é capaz de produzir bacteriocinas contra Streptococcus pyogenes, desenvolveu-se interesse no uso desse microrganismo como probiótico, para evitar amigdalites causadas por Streptococcus pyogenes. Objetivo A pesquisa em questão tem o objetivo de selecionar cepas de Streptococcus salivarius para seu uso potencial como probióticos na cavidade bucal, ou seja, produção de bacteriocinas contra Streptococcus pyogenes e habilidade de aderência à células KB. Material e método Coletou-se material de língua de 45 estudantes e semeou-se em placas de ágar Mitis Salivarius. As amostras foram testadas para verificar a produção de substâncias semelhantes à bacteriocina (BLIS) contra S. pyogenes, bioquimicamente e através de PCR para identificação de S. salivarius. As melhores cepas foram testadas quanto aderência à células KB. Resumidamente, as cepas de S. salivarius foram cultivadas em caldo, lavadas e suspensas à correspondência de 108 cels/ml. As células KB foram inoculadas em placas, lavadas e incubadas com as bactérias, para adesão. Estas foram lavadas para lise das células KB e liberação das bactérias para determinação de UFC. Resultado O teste de bacteriocina, mostrou que 133 cepas apresentaram atividade inibitória contra Streptococcus pyogenes. As cepas testadas para aderência à células KB, apresentaram diferentes perfis e somente três com alta capacidade de adesão. Conclusão: A seleção de cepas de Streptococcus salivarius com alta atividade inibitória contra Streptococcus pyogenes, bem como aderência a células KB, pode nos levar ao próximo passo, ou seja, o uso das melhores cepas para o estudo de colonização in vivo.
Descritores: Bacteriocinas
Aderência Bacteriana
Células KB
Probióticos/uso terapêutico
Streptococcus salivarius
-Streptococcus pyogenes
Tonsilite/prevenção & controle
Antibiose
Responsável: BR39.2 - Biblioteca Professora Maria Dilma de Oliveira Gonçalves


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Id: biblio-1118056
Autor: Ferreira, Antonia Débora Camila de Lima; Silva, Leandro Carvalho da; Nere, Daniel Rodrigues; Bleicher, Ervino.
Título: Population parameters as a way to evaluate the risk of attack of Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on cowpea / Parâmetros populacionais como forma de avaliar os riscos de ataque de Aphis craccivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em feijão-caupi
Fonte: Arq. Inst. Biol;87:e1102018, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior.
Resumo: The objective of this research was to develop fertility life tables in order to estimate the population parameters of black aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) varieties, aiming to propose a risk scale for its use. The experiment consisted of six treatments and six replicates (five varieties plus the cultivar VITA 7 as a susceptible control). A cohort was formed with six adult females distributed in six replicates of each genotype, and the insects were observed daily. Based on the data, fertility life tables were drawn for each variety and the population parameters were estimated. The different values of the finite growth rate (λ) were considered to propose a risk scale for the use of the genotypes. The results obtained give the dimension of the variability of V. unguiculata in respect to the character, resistance to A. craccivora, with antibiosis as the main mechanism of resistance. Considering all the results, the varieties studied can be classified according to their suitability as a plant favorable to the development of the black aphid as follows: VITA 7 > CE-13 > CE-51 > CE-08 = CE-07. The proposal of a risk scale for the use of V. unguiculata genotypes against the A. craccivora population, based on the finite growth rate (λ) values, was adequate to discriminate the varieties studied.(AU)

Objetivou-se nesta pesquisa elaborar tabelas de vida de fertilidade com o intuito de estimar os parâmetros populacionais de pulgão-preto (Aphis craccivora Koch) em variedades de feijão-caupi (Vigna unguiculata), visando propor uma escala de risco para o seu uso. O experimento constituiu-se em seis tratamentos (cinco variedades mais o cultivar VITA 7 como padrão de suscetibilidade) com seis repetições. Formou-se uma coorte com seis fêmeas adultas distribuídas em cada genótipo, sendo todos os indivíduos observados diariamente. De posse dos dados, foram elaboradas tabelas de vida de fertilidade para cada variedade e estimados os parâmetros populacionais. Para propor uma escala de risco de uso de genótipos, ponderou-se sob os diferentes valores da razão finita de crescimento (λ). Os resultados obtidos dão a dimensão da variabilidade de V. unguiculata com relação ao caráter da resistência a A. craccivora, sendo a antibiose o principal mecanismo de resistência associado. Considerando-se todos os resultados, foi possível hierarquizar as variedades estudadas segundo sua aptidão como planta favorável ao desenvolvimento ao pulgão-preto conforme segue: VITA 7 >> CE-13 > CE-51 > CE-08 = CE-07. A proposta de uma escala de risco do uso de genótipos de V. unguiculata frente à população de A. craccivora, baseada nos valores da razão finita de crescimento (λ), foi adequada para discriminar as variedades estudadas.(AU)
Descritores: Afídeos
Vigna
Fabaceae
-Controle de Pragas
Genótipo
Antibiose
Responsável: BR1942.1 - NID - Biblioteca - Núcleo de Informação e Documentação


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Id: lil-596561
Autor: León, Jorge; Aponte, Juan José; Rojas, Rosario; Cuadra, D´Lourdes; Ayala, Nathaly; Tomás, Gloria; Guerrero, Marco.
Título: Estudio de actinomicetos marinos aislados de la costa central del Perú y su actividad antibacteriana frente a Staphylococcus aureus Meticilina Resistentes y Enterococcus faecalis Vancomicina Resistentes / Study of marine actinomycetes isolated from the central coast of Peru and their antibacterial activity against Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis
Fonte: Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica;28(2):237-246, jun. 2011. ilus, graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos. Determinar el potencial antimicrobiano de actinomicetos marinos frente a cepas S. aureus meticilino-resistentes (MRSA) y E. faecalis vancomicina-resistentes (VRE). Materiales y métodos. En dos medios de cultivo se sembraron 29 cepas de actinomicetos aislados de sedimento marino. Se evaluó la capacidad inhibitoria mediante pruebas de antagonismo in vitro para MRSA y VRE. Se procesó los extractos orgánicos de tres actinomicetos seleccionados para determinar la Concentración Mínima Inhibitoria (CMI) del compuesto activo. Resultados. La mayoría de los actinomicetos aislados correspondieron a un grupo homogéneo de blanco-grisáceos (62 por ciento) con buen nivel de crecimiento en agar marino. Los porcentajes inhibitorios fueron superiores a 85 por ciento para ambos patógenos con halos de inhibición mayores a 69 y 78 mm de diámetro para MRSA y VRE respectivamente. Los extractos diclorometánicos de tres de los actinomicetos aislados (I-400A, B1-T61, M10-77) mostraron gran potencial inhibitorio de ambos patógenos, siendo M10-77 la cepa de actinomiceto de mayor actividad antibiótica frente a S. aureus ATCC 43300 resistente a meticilina y E. faecalis ATCC 51299 resistente a vancomicina con una Concentración Mínima Inhibitoria (CMI) de 7,9 y 31,7 μg/ mL respectivamente. El análisis filogenético de la cepa M10- 77 presenta un 99 por ciento de similaridad con la especie marina Streptomyces erythrogriseus. Conclusiones. El sedimento marino de la costa central del Perú es fuente promisorio de cepas de actinomicetos con gran capacidad de producir compuestos bioactivos capaces de inhibir patógenos tipificados como multidrogo-resistentes tales como S. aureus meticilino resistentes y E. faecalis vancomicina resistentes.

Objectives. To determine the antimicrobial potential of marine actinomycetes against drug-resistant pathogens represented by strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE). Materials and methods. Strains of actinomycetes (29) isolated from marine sediment were evaluated by their characteristics in two culture media and by testing their inhibitory capacity by in vitro antagonism against multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogenic bacteria for MRSA and VRE. Organic extracts of 3 selected actinomicetes were processed to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the active compound. Results. Most isolated actinomycetes belong to a homogeneous group of write-gray actinomycetes with a good growth in Marine Agar. The inhibitory rates of the isolates were above 85 percent for both pathogens with inhibition zones greater than 69 and 78 mm in diameter for MRSA and VRE respectively. Dichloromethane extracts of 3 isolates (I-400A, B1-T61, M10-77) showed strong inhibitory activity of both pathogens, M10-77 being the highest actinomycete strain with antibiotic activity against methicillin-resistant S. aureus ATCC 43300 and vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis ATCC 51299 with a minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 7.9 and 31.7 μg/ml respectively. Phylogenetic analysis of M10-77 strain showed 99 percent similarity with the marine species Streptomyces erythrogriseus. Conclusions. Marine sediments of the central coast of Peru, are a source of actinomycetes strains showing high capacity to produce bioactive compounds able to inhibit pathogens classified as multi-drugresistant such as methicillin-resistant S. aureus and vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis.
Descritores: Actinobacteria/fisiologia
Antibiose
Enterococcus faecalis
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina
-Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação
Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos
Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia
Peru
Água do Mar/microbiologia
Vancomicina/farmacologia
Microbiologia da Água
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-607979
Autor: Santos, Charles Fernando dos; Absy, Maria Lúcia.
Título: Interactions between carpenter bees and orchid bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in flowers of Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl. (Lecythidaceae) / Interações entre abelhas carpinteiras e abelhas das orquídeas (Hymenoptera: Apidae) em flores de Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl. (Lecythidaceae)
Fonte: Acta amaz;42(1):89-94, mar. 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Competition between two species of bees for the same type of floral resource may generate antagonistic behavior between them, especially in cultivated areas where food resources are limited, seasonally and locally. In this study, was tested the hypothesis of antagonism between two solitary bee species of the family Apidae, Eulaema mocsaryi (Euglossini) and Xylocopa frontalis (Xylocopini), visiting the Brazil nut flowers (Bertholletia excelsa: Lecythidaceae) in a central Amazonia agricultural area. The visitation time was analyzed to detect the possible temporal overlap in the foraging of these bees. Furthermore, was analyzed their interspecific interactions for manipulating flower species visited by an opponent species, as well as attempts to attack this opponent. The individuals of Xylocopa frontalis visited the Brazil nut flowers before Eulaema mocsaryi, although the peak visitation of both did not presented significant differences. Neither of the species manipulated flowers recently visited by opponent species, and there were practically no antagonistic interactions between them. Thus, X. frontalis and E. mocsaryi shared the same food source in the flowers of B. excelsa due to differences in their time of visits and non-aggressive way of interacting with the opponent. This result has important implications for pollinating the Brazil nut, and a possible management of X. frontalis and E. mocsaryi, since these two were the most abundant pollinators in the studied locality.

A competição entre duas espécies de abelhas por um mesmo tipo de recurso floral pode gerar comportamentos antagônicos entre elas, principalmente, dentro de áreas cultivadas, onde o recurso alimentar é limitado sazonalmente e localmente. No presente trabalho, foi testada a hipótese de antagonismo entre duas espécies de abelhas solitárias da família Apidae, Eulaema mocsaryi (Euglossini) e Xylocopa frontalis (Xylocopini) em flores da castanheira do Brasil (Bertholletia excelsa: Lecythidaceae) em uma área agrícola da Amazônia Central. O horário de visitação foi analisado a fim de se constatar a possível sobreposição temporal no forrageamento dessas abelhas. Além disso, suas interações interespecíficas de manipular flores visitadas pela espécie oponente ou tentar agredir essa espécie foram analisadas. Os indivíduos de Xylocopa frontalis visitaram as flores da castanheira antes que E. mocsaryi, embora o pico de visitação de ambas não tenha apresentado diferenças significativas. Nenhuma das duas espécies de abelhas manipulou flores recém-visitadas pela espécie oponente e praticamente não houve interações antagônicas entre elas. Desse modo, X. frontalis e E. mocsaryi compartilham a mesma fonte alimentar nas flores de B. excelsa devido às diferenças em seus horários de visitas e ao modo não agressivo de interagir com a espécie oponente. Esse resultado tem implicações importantes para a polinização da castanheira e um possível manejo de X. frontalis e E. mocsaryi, uma vez que essas duas espécies de abelhas foram os polinizadores mais abundantes na localidade estudada.
Descritores: Polinização
Antibiose
Responsável: BR6.1 - BCS - Biblioteca de Ciências da Saúde


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Id: biblio-839352
Autor: Dalitz, Camila de Araújo; Porsani, Mariana Vieira; Figel, Izabel Cristina; Pimentel, Ida C; Dalzoto, Patrícia R.
Título: Potential for biocontrol of melanized fungi by actinobacteria isolated from intertidal region of Ilha Do Mel, Paraná, Brazil
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(1):32-36, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Actinobacteria occur in many environments and have the capacity to produce secondary metabolites with antibiotic potential. Identification and taxonomy of actinobacteria that produce antimicrobial substances is essential for the screening of new compounds, and sequencing of the 16S region of ribosomal DNA (rDNA), which is conserved and present in all bacteria, is an important method of identification. Melanized fungi are free-living organisms, which can also be pathogens of clinical importance. This work aimed to evaluate growth inhibition of melanized fungi by actinobacteria and to identify the latter to the species level. In this study, antimicrobial activity of 13 actinobacterial isolates from the genus Streptomyces was evaluated against seven melanized fungi of the genera Exophiala, Cladosporium, and Rhinocladiella. In all tests, all actinobacterial isolates showed inhibitory activity against all isolates of melanized fungi, and only one actinobacterial isolate had less efficient inhibitory activity. The 16S rDNA region of five previously unidentified actinobacterial isolates from Ilha do Mel, Paraná, Brazil, was sequenced; four of the isolates were identified as Streptomyces globisporus subsp. globisporus, and one isolate was identified as Streptomyces aureus. This work highlights the potential of actinobacteria with antifungal activity and their role in the pursuit of novel antimicrobial substances.
Descritores: Actinobacteria/fisiologia
Fungos/fisiologia
Antibiose
-Filogenia
Streptomyces/classificação
Streptomyces/genética
Brasil
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação
Actinobacteria/classificação
Actinobacteria/genética
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974331
Autor: Guo, Ruiting; Wang, Zhiying; Huang, Ying; Fan, Haijuan; Liu, Zhihua.
Título: Biocontrol potential of saline- or alkaline-tolerant Trichoderma asperellum mutants against three pathogenic fungi under saline or alkaline stress conditions
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(supl.1):236-245, 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National High Technology Research and Development Program (the 13th Five-Year Plan Program); . Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Salinity and alkalinity are major abiotic stresses that limit growth and development of poplar. We investigated biocontrol potential of saline- and alkaline-tolerant mutants of Trichoderma asperellum to mediate the effects of salinity or alkalinity stresses on Populus davidiana × P. alba var. pyramidalis (PdPap poplar) seedlings. A T-DNA insertion mutant library of T. asperellum was constructed using an Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation system; this process yielded sixty five positive transformants (T1-T65). The salinity tolerant mutant, T59, grew in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing up to 10% (1709.40 mM) NaCl. Under NaCl-rich conditions, T59 was most effective in inhibiting Alternaria alternata (52.00%). The alkalinity tolerant mutants, T3 and T5, grew in PDA containing up to 0.4% (47.62 mM) NaHCO3. The ability of the T3 and T5 mutants to inhibit Fusarium oxysporum declined as NaHCO3 concentrations increased. NaHCO3 tolerance of the PdPap seedlings improved following treatment with the spores of the WT, T3, and T5 strains. The salinity tolerant mutant (T59) and two alkalinity tolerant mutants (T3 and T5) generated in this study can be applied to decrease the incidence of pathogenic fungi infection under saline or alkaline stress.
Descritores: Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Trichoderma/fisiologia
Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo
Populus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Álcalis/metabolismo
Alternaria/fisiologia
Antibiose
-Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle
Estresse Fisiológico
Trichoderma/genética
Populus/microbiologia
Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Plântula/microbiologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788982
Autor: Rosa, Juliana Pacheco da; Tibúrcio, Samyra Raquel Gonçalves; Marques, Joana Montezano; Seldin, Lucy; Coelho, Rosalie Reed Rodrigues.
Título: Streptomyces lunalinharesii 235 prevents the formation of a sulfate-reducing bacterial biofilm
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):603-609, July-Sept. 2016. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Streptomyces lunalinharesii strain 235 produces an antimicrobial substance that is active against sulfate reducing bacteria, the major bacterial group responsible for biofilm formation and biocorrosion in petroleum reservoirs. The use of this antimicrobial substance for sulfate reducing bacteria control is therefore a promising alternative to chemical biocides. In this study the antimicrobial substance did not interfere with the biofilm stability, but the sulfate reducing bacteria biofilm formation was six-fold smaller in carbon steel coupons treated with the antimicrobial substance when compared to the untreated control. A reduction in the most probable number counts of planktonic cells of sulfate reducing bacteria was observed after treatments with the sub-minimal inhibitory concentration, minimal inhibitory concentration, and supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance. Additionally, when the treated coupons were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, the biofilm formation was found to be substantially reduced when the supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance was used. The coupons used for the biofilm formation had a small weight loss after antimicrobial substance treatment, but corrosion damage was not observed by scanning electron microscopy. The absence of the dsrA gene fragment in the scraped cell suspension after treatment with the supra-minimal inhibitory concentration of the antimicrobial substance suggests that Desulfovibrio alaskensis was not able to adhere to the coupons. This is the first report on an antimicrobial substance produced by Streptomyces active against sulfate reducing bacteria biofilm formation. The application of antimicrobial substance as a potential biocide for sulfate reducing bacteria growth control could be of great interest to the petroleum industry.
Descritores: Oxirredução
Streptomyces/fisiologia
Sulfatos/metabolismo
Biofilmes
Antibiose
-Streptomyces/efeitos dos fármacos
Streptomyces/ultraestrutura
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-839377
Autor: Chauhan, Anjali; Guleria, Shiwani; Balgir, Praveen P; Walia, Abhishek; Mahajan, Rishi; Mehta, Preeti; Shirkot, Chand Karan.
Título: Tricalcium phosphate solubilization and nitrogen fixation by newly isolated Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus CKMV1 from rhizosphere of Valeriana jatamansi and its growth promotional effect
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(2):294-304, April.-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Aneurinibacillus aneurinilyticus strain CKMV1 was isolated from rhizosphere of Valeriana jatamansi and possessed multiple plant growth promoting traits like production of phosphate solubilization (260 mg/L), nitrogen fixation (202.91 nmol ethylene mL-1 h-1), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) (8.1 µg/mL), siderophores (61.60%), HCN (hydrogen cyanide) production and antifungal activity. We investigated the ability of isolate CKMV1 to solubilize insoluble P via mechanism of organic acid production. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) study showed that isolate CKMV1 produced mainly gluconic (1.34%) and oxalic acids. However, genetic evidences for nitrogen fixation and phosphate solubilization by organic acid production have been reported first time for A. aneurinilyticus strain CKMV1. A unique combination of glucose dehydrogenase (gdh) gene and pyrroloquinoline quinone synthase (pqq) gene, a cofactor of gdh involved in phosphate solubilization has been elucidated. Nitrogenase (nif H) gene for nitrogen fixation was reported from A. aneurinilyticus. It was notable that isolate CKMV1 exhibited highest antifungal against Sclerotium rolfsii (93.58%) followed by Fusarium oxysporum (64.3%), Dematophora necatrix (52.71%), Rhizoctonia solani (91.58%), Alternaria sp. (71.08%) and Phytophthora sp. (71.37%). Remarkable increase was observed in seed germination (27.07%), shoot length (42.33%), root length (52.6%), shoot dry weight (62.01%) and root dry weight (45.7%) along with NPK (0.74, 0.36, 1.82%) content of tomato under net house condition. Isolate CKMV1 possessed traits related to plant growth promotion, therefore, could be a potential candidate for the development of biofertiliser or biocontrol agent and this is the first study to include the Aneurinibacillus as PGPR.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Valeriana/microbiologia
Fosfatos de Cálcio/metabolismo
Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bacillales/isolamento & purificação
Fixação de Nitrogênio
-Microbiologia do Solo
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiologia
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Biomassa
Bacillales/metabolismo
Rizosfera
Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Antibiose
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-839357
Autor: Mota, Monalize Salete; Gomes, Cesar Bauer; Souza Júnior, Ismail Teodoro; Moura, Andréa Bittencourt.
Título: Bacterial selection for biological control of plant disease: criterion determination and validation
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(1):62-70, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul.
Resumo: Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the biocontrol potential of bacteria isolated from different plant species and soils. The production of compounds related to phytopathogen biocontrol and/or promotion of plant growth in bacterial isolates was evaluated by measuring the production of antimicrobial compounds (ammonia and antibiosis) and hydrolytic enzymes (amylases, lipases, proteases, and chitinases) and phosphate solubilization. Of the 1219 bacterial isolates, 92% produced one or more of the eight compounds evaluated, but only 1% of the isolates produced all the compounds. Proteolytic activity was most frequently observed among the bacterial isolates. Among the compounds which often determine the success of biocontrol, 43% produced compounds which inhibit mycelial growth of Monilinia fructicola, but only 11% hydrolyzed chitin. Bacteria from different plant species (rhizosphere or phylloplane) exhibited differences in the ability to produce the compounds evaluated. Most bacterial isolates with biocontrol potential were isolated from rhizospheric soil. The most efficient bacteria (producing at least five compounds related to phytopathogen biocontrol and/or plant growth), 86 in total, were evaluated for their biocontrol potential by observing their ability to kill juvenile Mesocriconema xenoplax. Thus, we clearly observed that bacteria that produced more compounds related to phytopathogen biocontrol and/or plant growth had a higher efficacy for nematode biocontrol, which validated the selection strategy used.
Descritores: Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Microbiologia do Solo
Bactérias/classificação
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos
-Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Bactérias/genética
RNA Ribossômico 16S
Enzimas/biossíntese
Rizosfera
Amônia/metabolismo
Hidrólise
Antibiose
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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