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Pesquisa : G07.345.249.845.700 [Categoria DeCS]
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-980403
Autor: Hickel, Eduardo Rodrigues; Knabben, Gustavo Carlos; Dal Zotto, Débora; Carvalho, Maicon William Machado; Bertoldi, Bruno; Novaes, Yales Rômulo.
Título: Attractiveness of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of different wavelengths to the South American rice water weevil / Atratividade de diodos emissores de luz (LEDs) de diferentes comprimentos de onda aos adultos da bicheira-da-raiz
Fonte: Arq. Inst. Biol;85:e0382016, 2018. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The South American rice water weevil Oryzophagus oryzae (Costa Lima) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) is a key pest of irrigated rice in Brazil. Light traps could be used as an integrated pest management (IPM) strategy since these weevils have strong phototropism. Thus, the aim of this study was to search the attractiveness of LEDs of different wavelengths to O. oryzae to define the best light-emitting diodes (LED) arrangement to build the lamp of photovoltaic light traps. LEDs of different wavelengths were tested in a dark room with a hexagonal arena with exits to light sources. Groups of 200 insects were released in the center of the arena and captured at the end of exposure time in plastic bags placed in the exits. The LEDs in the short-wave band of the light spectrum (365 and 460 nm) and white LEDs, as well as the light mix of 365 with 460 nm or white LEDs, were attractive to O. oryzae. Beyond the LEDs with ultraviolet (UV) spectrum, the LEDs above 380 nm were the most attractive and, this way, might be used to build LED lamps of photovoltaic light traps.(AU)

Uma das pragas-chave do arroz irrigado é a bicheira-da-raiz, denominação comum atribuída às larvas do gorgulho aquático Oryzophagus oryzae (Costa Lima) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). A utilização de armadilhas luminosas poderia ser uma alternativa viável no manejo integrado, pois esse gorgulho apresenta elevado fototropismo positivo. Assim, objetivou-se determinar a atratividade de diodos emissores de luz (LEDs) de diferentes comprimentos de onda ao O. oryzae e definir o seu melhor arranjo para compor a lâmpada de armadilhas luminosas fotovoltaicas. LEDs de diferentes comprimentos de onda foram testados em sala escura, em uma arena hexagonal com saídas para as fontes de luz. Grupos de 200 indivíduos foram liberados no centro da arena e capturados em sacos plásticos nas saídas ao fim do tempo de exposição. Os LEDs da faixa do espectro luminoso de ondas curtas (365 e 460 nm) e LEDs brancos, bem como as misturas de luzes de LEDs 365 com 460 nm ou branco, foram atrativos ao O. oryzae. Entre os LEDs com espectro ultravioleta, os mais atrativos foram aqueles acima de 380 nm, devendo estes compor, prioritariamente, lâmpadas de LED para uso nas armadilhas luminosas fotovoltaicas.(AU)
Descritores: Oryza
Besouros/patogenicidade
Fototropismo
-Pragas da Agricultura
Luz
Responsável: BR1942.1 - NID - Biblioteca - Núcleo de Informação e Documentação


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Id: lil-356882
Autor: Cifuentes, Ana S; Gonzalez, Mariela A; Vargas, Silvia; Hoeneisen, Maritza; Gonzalez, Nelson.
Título: Optimization of biomass, total carotenoids and astaxanthin production in Haematococcus pluvialis Flotow strain Steptoe (Nevada, USA) under laboratory conditions
Fonte: Biol. Res;36(3/4):343-357, 2003. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The microalga Haematococcus pluvialis Flotow is one of the natural sources of astaxanthin, a pigment widely used in salmon feed. This study was made to discover optimal conditions for biomass and astaxanthin production in H. pluvialis from Steptoe, Nevada (USA), cultured in batch mode. Growth was carried out under autotrophic (with NaNO3, NH4Cl and urea) and mixotrophic conditions (with 4, 8, 12 mM sodium acetate) under two photon flux densities (PFD) (35 and 85 mumol m-2 s-1). The carotenogenesis was induced by 1) addition of NaCl (0.2 and 0.8 per cent), 2) N-deprivation and 3) high PFD (150 mumol m-2 s-1). Total carotenoids were estimated by spectrophotometry and total astaxanthin by HPLC. Ammonium chloride was the best N-source for growth (k = 0.7 div day-1, 228-258 mg l-1 and 2.0 x 10(5)-2.5 x 10(5) cells ml-1 at both PFD, respectively). With increasing acetate concentration, a slight increment in growth occurred only at 85 mumol m-2 s-1. Light was the best inductive carotenogenic factor, and the highest carotenoid production (4.9 mg l-1, 25.0 pg cell-1) was obtained in cultures pre-grown in nitrate at low light. The NaCl caused an increase in carotenoid content per cell at increasing salt concentrations, but resulted in a high cell mortality and did not produce any increment in carotenoid content per volume compared to cultures grown at 150 mumol m-2 s-1. The highest carotenoid content per cell (22 pg) and astaxanthin content per dry weight (10.3 mg g-1) (1 per cent w/w) were obtained at 85 mumol m-2 s-1 with 0.8 per cent NaCl.
Descritores: Carotenoides
Clorófitas
-Biomassa
Biotecnologia
Clorófitas
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico
Fototropismo
Espectrofotometria
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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