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Pesquisa : G16.500.275.071 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1055429
Autor: Silva, Jardel Eugenio da; Urbanetz Junior, Jair.
Título: Converting a Conventional Vehicle into an Electric Vehicle (EV)
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;62(spe):e19190007, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The electric vehicle (EV) is not a recent invention. Between the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century, most motor vehicles were electric, due to their superior reliability and cleanliness, compared to that of vehicles driven by internal combustion engines (ICE). However, with the development of ICEs and the reduction of their price, electric cars were forgotten. Only almost a century later, they returned in the market due to a significant increase in fossil fuels prices, as well as to a growing environmental concern. EVs present a number of advantages over ICE vehicles: they are simpler and require less use and replacement of parts, resulting in lower maintenance costs; moreover, they do not release pollutants into the environment. However, their production cost is still much higher than that of ICE vehicles. In order to verify the possibility of converting a conventional vehicle into an electric one at a reasonable cost, achieving a good performance and a good kWh/km ratio, an ICE-powered Mercedes-Benz Class A 190 was converted into an EV. The results of several tests indicate that the conversion is feasible, as the car reached an average travelling cost of 0.16 R$/km, assuming a price for the energy of 0.63 R$/kWh. Moreover, this cost could be as low as zero if solar radiation is utilized to generate electricity through photovoltaic panels, which is an even more environmentally sustainable solution..
Descritores: Automóveis
Clima
Energia Fotovoltaica
Combustíveis Fósseis
Desenvolvimento Sustentável
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1055432
Autor: Martins, Mariana Ribeiro; Schmid, Aloísio.
Título: Computational Verification of the NBR 15220-3 Recommendations for Thermal Comfort in the City of Curitiba
Fonte: Braz. arch. biol. technol;62(spe):e19190013, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The Brazilian Standard for Thermal Performance and Bioclimatic Zoning (NBR 15.220-3) establishes twelve strategies to achieve thermal comfort inside buildings considering the dry bulb temperature and the predominant humidity in each climate. These strategies are visualized in the Bioclimatic Charts of Brazil main cities. This study seeks, through computational simulation by the EnergyPlus software, to test the bioclimatic strategy proposed by the Standard for the city of Curitiba through the addition of thermal mass. The goal is to check the validity of the temperature limits related to the constructive guidelines described. The article is restricted to the analysis of Bioclimatic Zone 01 in which Curitiba is inserted. To this end, the unit of analysis was a standard apartment located in the city. It was used as a model for simulations with constructive materials of different thicknesses and thermal properties. The indexes of the materials correspond to those described in the Standard. From the comparison of results of the buildings internal temperature regarding the external temperature data, the applicability of the Thermal Mass Addition strategy was verified in the gap between 14 to 21 degrees Celsius of Dry Bulb Temperature. In conclusion, the limits stipulated in Standard for this Area were only partially confirmed.
Descritores: Clima
Normas de Qualidade Ambiental
Zonas Climáticas
-Brasil
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1279404
Autor: Ghorbani, Ahmad; Mansouri, Behzad; Baradaran, Masoumeh.
Título: Effects of climate variables on the incidence of scorpion stings in Iran for five years
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;27:e20200110, 2021. mapas, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.
Resumo: Background: Although scorpionism is recorded worldwide, some regions such as Iran present a higher incidence. Due to the great prevalence of scorpion stings in Khuzestan province, southwestern Iran, the present study examined the relationship between different climate parameters and the scorpion sting rate in this area from April 2010 to March 2015. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, we considered all scorpion sting cases recorded in the Department of Infectious Diseases, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Data were analyzed using statistics, frequency distribution and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: A total of 104,197 cases of scorpion stings was recorded from 2010 to 2015. The cumulative incidence of scorpion sting was 2.23%. The spatial distribution of scorpion stings showed that most cases occurred in the Dehdez district (4,504 scorpion stings/100,000 inhabitants) and the Masjed Soleyman county (4,069 scorpion stings/100,000 inhabitants). A significant association was found between climate factors (temperature, evaporation rate, sunshine duration, humidity, and precipitation) and the scorpion sting rate. An increase in rainfall and humidity coincided with a reduction in scorpion stings whereas an increase in temperature, evaporation, and sunshine duration was accompanied by a growth of scorpion stings. No significant correlation was found between wind velocity/direction and the incidence rate of stings. Moreover, the seasonal peak incidence of scorpion stings was recorded in summer (an average of 8,838 cases) and the lowest incidence was recorded during winter (an average of 1,286 cases). The annual trend of scorpion sting cases decreased during the period from 2010 to 2015. Conclusion: Climate variables can be a good index for predicting the incidence of scorpion stings in endemic regions. Since they occur mostly in the hot season, designing preventive measures in the counties and districts with a high incidence of scorpion stings such as Dehdez and Masjed Soleyman can minimize mortality and other burdens.(AU)
Descritores: Estações do Ano
Mordeduras e Picadas
Clima
Picadas de Escorpião
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR68.1 - Biblioteca Virginie Buff D'Ápice


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Id: biblio-903472
Autor: Ferreira, Aline Chimello; Chiaravalloti Neto, Francisco; Mondini, Adriano.
Título: Dengue in Araraquara, state of São Paulo: epidemiology, climate and Aedes aegypti infestation / Dengue em Araraquara, SP: epidemiologia, clima e infestação por Aedes aegypti
Fonte: Rev. saúde pública (Online);52:18, 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo.
Resumo: ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the epidemiology of dengue in a medium-sized city in the state of São Paulo. METHODS Data, such as circulating serotypes, severe cases and deaths, age group, sex, among others, were obtained on reported and confirmed dengue cases in Araraquara, state of São Paulo, between 1991 and 2015. Climatic and infestation data were also analyzed. These variables were evaluated descriptively, using statistical measures such as frequencies, averages, minimum and maximum. Dengue incidence rates were calculated according to month, year, age and sex, and time series of dengue cases, infestation, and climatic variables. RESULTS Approximately 16,500 cases of dengue fever were reported between 1991 and 2015. The highest number of reports was recorded in 2015 (7,811 cases). In general, the age group with the highest number of reports is between 20 and 59 years old. The highest incidences, generally between March and May, occurred after the increase in rainfall and infestation in January. CONCLUSIONS Increased levels of infestation due to rainfall are reflected in incidence rates of the disease. It is fundamental to know the epidemiology of dengue in medium-sized cities. Such information can be extended to diseases such as Zika and Chikungunya, which are transmitted by the same vector and were reported in the city. The intensification of surveillance efforts in periods before epidemics could be a strategy to be considered to control the viral spread.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever a epidemiologia da dengue em cidade de médio porte do estado de São Paulo. MÉTODOS Foram obtidas informações sobre os casos notificados e confirmados de dengue em Araraquara, SP, entre 1991 e 2015, como sorotipos circulantes, casos graves e óbitos, faixa etária, sexo, entre outras. Também foram levantadas as informações climáticas e de infestação pelo vetor. Essas variáveis foram trabalhadas descritivamente, utilizando-se medidas estatísticas como frequências, médias, mínimo e máximo. Calcularam-se taxas de incidência de dengue segundo mês, ano, idade e sexo, e série histórica de casos de dengue, infestação e variáveis climáticas. RESULTADOS Foram confirmados 16.431 casos de dengue entre 1991 e 2015. O maior número de notificações foi registrado em 2015 (7.811 casos). De forma geral, a faixa etária com o maior número de notificações encontra-se entre 20 e 59 anos. As maiores incidências, geralmente entre março e maio, ocorreram após o aumento da pluviosidade e infestação, em janeiro. CONCLUSÕES Os altos níveis de infestação que aumentam com as chuvas refletem-se nas taxas de incidência da doença. É fundamental conhecer a epidemiologia da dengue em cidades de médio porte. Seus resultados podem ser estendidos para doenças como Zika e Chikungunya (transmitidas pelo mesmo vetor e notificadas na cidade). A intensificação dos esforços de vigilâncias em períodos que precedem as epidemias poderia ser uma estratégia a ser considerada para o controle da dispersão viral.
Descritores: Clima
Aedes
Dengue/epidemiologia
-Brasil/epidemiologia
Incidência
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Cidades/epidemiologia
Dengue/transmissão
Insetos Vetores
Limites: Humanos
Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1095879
Autor: Ponciano, Juan Adolfo; Polanco, William; Barrios, Marlon.
Título: Dengue outbreaks pattern in southern Guatemala / Patrón de brotes de Dengue en la región sur de Guatemala
Fonte: Cienc. tecnol. salud;6(2):158-170, jul dic 2019. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: This study analyses time series of dengue occurrence in the southern region of Guatemala. Temporal patterns of epidemic outbreaks in the department of Escuintla were investigated using the official reports from 2001 to 2013. In order to identify underlying associations with climate behavior, the epidemiological data were compared with historical reports available for temperature, rainfall and humidity. Preliminary results reveal that waves of dengue outbreaks exhibit a periodic pattern modulated by climatic conditions. A hierarchical cluster analysis allowed to indirectly estimate the degree of association of each climatic variable with dengue occurrences, showing the dominance of rainfall in dengue outbreaks patterns in three different localities. A further prospective analysis was performed to check whether epidemic trends driven by rainfall are hold in the subsequent years. Results presented here give support to predictive models for dengue incidence driven by climate.

Este estudio analiza series de tiempo de incidencia de dengue en la región sur de Guatemala. Los patrones temporales de los brotes epidémicos observados en el departamento de Escuintla se investigaron utilizando los informes oficiales de 2001 a 2013. Con el fin de identificar posibles asociaciones subyacentes con el comportamiento climático, los datos epidemiológicos se compararon con los informes históricos disponibles para temperatura, lluvia y humedad. Los resultados preliminares revelan que las olas de brotes de dengue exhiben un patrón periódico modulado por las condiciones climáticas. Un análisis de conglomerados jerárquicos permitió estimar indirectamente el grado de asociación de cada variable climática con las incidencias del dengue, mostrando el papel dominante de la lluvia en los patrones de brotes de dengue en tres localidades diferentes. Se realizó un análisis prospectivo adicional para verificar si las tendencias epidémicas causadas por las precipitaciones se mantienen en los años subsiguientes. Los resultados presentados aquí dan soporte a los modelos predictivos epidemiológicos con forzamiento estacional.
Descritores: Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle
Dengue/epidemiologia
-Análise por Conglomerados
Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Clima
Aedes
Guatemala/epidemiologia
Responsável: GT49.1


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Id: lil-735014 LILACS-Express
Autor: Peña-Quiñones, Andrés Javier; Valencia-Arbeláez, Julián Andrés; Ramírez-Carabalí, Carolina.
Título: Caracterización del efecto de "el niño" y "la niña" sobre la lluvia de la zona cafetera Colombiana / Characterizaton of "el niño" and "la niña" effect on rainfal on the Colombiian coffee growing regoon
Fonte: Rev. luna azul;(39):89-104, jul.-dic. 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El clima es y seguirá siendo la principal variable que domina el crecimiento y desarrollo de las plantas. La lluvia, especialmente el acumulado de esta en un periodo de tiempo dado, tiene efecto directo sobre la fisiología y el desarrollo de los cultivos, mientras que la forma en que se distribuye la precipitación a través del año tiene un efecto significativo sobre la producción. A diferencia de otros estudios que se enfocan en evaluar el efecto de generadores de variabilidad climática sobre el acumulado de lluvias, este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar el efecto de "El Niño" y "La Niña" sobre el comportamiento medio intraanual de la precipitación de la zona cafetera colombiana. Se utilizaron datos diarios de lluvia provenientes de 80 estaciones meteorológicas, que tienen registros continuos superiores a 25 años y que hacen parte de la red climática de la Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia, y conglomeración estadística para agrupar zonas en las que el efecto de "El Niño" y "La Niña" es similar. Se encontraron cuatro grupos que sintetizan los cuatro tipos de efectos de estos moduladores sobre la lluvia de la zona cafetera. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian que los departamentos que tienen una mayor amenaza causada por estos fenómenos son Caldas, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima y la zona Norte del país.

The climate is and will continue to be the principal variable that dominates the growth and development of plants. Rain, specially its accumulation in a given period of time, has direct effect on the physiology and the development of crops, while the way in which precipitation is distributed throughout the year has a significant effect on production. Unlike other studies that focus in evaluating the effect of climatic variability generators on the accumulation of rain, this study aimed to determine the effect of "El Niño" and "La Niña" on the average behavior of intra-annual precipitation in the Colombian coffee region. Daily rainfall data from 80 weather stations with 25 years of continuous records that are part of National Federation of Colombian Coffee Growers were used as well as statistical conglomeration in order to to group zones in which the effect of "El Niño" and "La Niña" is similar. Four groups that synthesize four types of effects of these modulators on the rain of the coffee region were found. The results show that the departments that have a major threat caused by these phenomena are Caldas, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima and the northern area of the country.
Descritores: Café
-Análise Multivariada
Clima
El Niño Oscilação Sul
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: CO54.1 - Centro de Biblioteca e Información Científica


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Id: lil-783585 LILACS-Express
Autor: Valencia Hernández, Javier Gonzaga; Aguirre Fajardo, Alejandra María; Ríos Sarmiento, Melissa.
Título: DESAFÍOS DE LA JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL Y EL ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA AMBIENTAL EN EL DESPLAZAMIENTO AMBIENTAL POR EFECTOS ASOCIADOS AL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO / CHALLENGES OF ENVIRONMENT JUSTICE AND ACCESS TO ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE RELATING TO ENVIRONMENTAL DISPLACEMENT DUE TO CONSEQUENCES ASSOCIATED WITH CLIMATE CHANGE
Fonte: Rev. luna azul;(41):323-347, jul.-dic. 2015.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: En las últimas décadas el cambio climático ha traído grandes retos frente a los escenarios bajo los cuales se presenta, las consecuencias y víctimas que deja y la respuesta por parte de los Estados y de la Comunidad Internacional, para intentar prevenir o mitigar el daño causado por estos fenómenos. En el presente artículo producto del macroproyecto de investigación que se está ejecutando conjuntamente con las universidades pertenecientes a la Red de Grupos y Centros de Investigación Jurídica y Sociojurídica, Nodo Eje Cafetero, titulado: "Desplazamiento ambiental de la población asentada en la Eco-Región Eje Cafetero: Incidencia de factores asociados por efectos del Cambio Climático", pretende exponer la emergencia y significado de conceptos relativamente nuevos en el conocimiento social y jurídico, como lo son el desplazado por causas ambientales y su relación con la justicia ambiental y climática, para luego proporcionar algunas orientaciones generales sobre la relación-interacción de estos términos, que se ven reflejados directamente en el tema de acceso a la justicia, tanto por parte de los afectados, como de los medios que poseen para alcanzarla, y de los nuevos desafíos que debe atender el derecho ambiental para desarrollar diagnósticos en esa línea y proponer el debate académico en torno a otras disciplinas.

Climate change has brought many challenges during the last decades facing scenarios under which it occurs, the consequences and victims left and the response by the States and the International communities trying to prevent or mitigate the harm caused by these phenomena. This article which is the product of the research macroproject that is being carried out jointly with the universities belonging to the Legal and Socio-Legal Research Groups and Centers Network, Coffee Triangle Node with the title "Environmental Displacement of the population settled in the Coffee Triangle Eco-Region: Incidence of factors associated with effects of climate change", is intended to explain the emergence and meaning of relatively new concepts in the legal and social knowledge, such as displaced people due to environmental causes and their relationship with environmental and climate justice in order to provide general guidelines about the relationship-interaction of these terms and how they directly reflect the issue of access to justice by both, the victims and the means they can use to get it, and the new challenges that environmental law is facing to develop diagnosis on that line and propose academic debate around other disciplines.
Descritores: Mudança Climática
-Clima
Justicia, Planta
Meio Ambiente
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: CO54.1 - Centro de Biblioteca e Información Científica


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Id: biblio-1092198
Autor: Cruz, Lucinéia Claudia De Toni Aquino da; Guimarães, Alexander Gonçalves Ferreira; Souza, Emerson Marques de; Ferreira, Raquel da Silva; Gomes, Raphael de Souza Rosa; Slhessarenko, Renata Dezengrini; Atanaka, Marina.
Título: Influence of climatic variables on the Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus populations in Mato Grosso, Brazil
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop;53:e20190185, 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract INTRODUCTION: Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus are vector species responsible for the transmission of important arboviruses. METHODS: Adult mosquitoes were collected in the urban areas of four municipalities in Mato Grosso within 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 19,110 mosquitoes were collected. Among them, 16,578 (86,8%) were C. quinquefasciatus (44% female and 56% male); 2,483 (13%), A. (Stegomyia) aegypti (54% female and 46% male); and 49 (0,30%), from the genus Psorophora, Anopheles, Coquilettidia, and Sabethes. A significant correlation was observed between the number of mosquitoes from all species and dew point (female mosquitoes, p = 0.001; male mosquitoes, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study may be used as environmental indicators of mosquito populations.
Descritores: Clima
Aedes/fisiologia
Culex/fisiologia
Mosquitos Vetores/fisiologia
-População Urbana
Brasil
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-882578
Autor: Leite, Robério Dias; Meneses, Renata Leal; Magalhães, Thais Fontes; Ogawa, Mauricio Yukio; Falcão, Hayssa de Oliveira; Sousa, Anastácio de Queiroz.
Título: Visceral Leishmaniasis hospitalizations and seasonality in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeast Brazil between 2003 ­ 2012 / Hospitalização por leishmaniose visceral e sazonalidade em Fortaleza, Ceará, Nordeste do Brasil entre 2003 e 2012
Fonte: J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online);6(2):128-132, 02/04/2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Introduction: The knowledge of the relationship between Visceral Leishmaniosis and climatic aspects is already well established in the literature of other countries, but lack data of this relationship in Brazil. Objective: This study aimed to describe the seasonal distribution of hospitalizations for Visceral Leishmaniosis (VL) in a referral hospital for infectious diseases located in an endemic area of the semiarid in the Northeast of Brazil. Methods: The number of monthly hospitalizations between 2003 and 2012 was recorded retrospectively and was correlated with climate variables. Results: During this period 1,302 patients were hospitalized. We observed an inverse relationship with the monthly amount of precipitation (r = - 0.725; p = 0.008), the number of days per month with precipitation (r = - 0.683; p = 0.0144) and relative humidity (r = - 0.746; p = 0.005) when compared with the monthly number of hospitalizations due to VL. Inversely, there was a direct relationship with the maximum monthly mean temperature and the number of hospitalizations due to VL (r = 0.643; p = 0.024). Conclusions: The rainy season, characterized by more rainfall and higher humidity, was correlated with fewer hospitalizations for VL. Conversely, in months with higher temperatures the number of hospitalizations for VL was higher.
Descritores: Leishmaniose
-Clima
Hospitalização
Leishmaniose Visceral
Responsável: BR1780.2


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Id: biblio-830545 LILACS-Express
Autor: Bonilla Morales, Miguel Macgayver; Hernández Castañeda, Oscar Iban; Aguirre Morales, Adriana Carolina.
Título: DISTRIBUCIÓN Y PREFERENCIAS CLIMÁTICAS DE Sobralia uribei (ORCHIDACEAE): UNA ESPECIE ENDÉMICA DE SANTANDER, COLOMBIA / DISTRIBUTION AND CLIMATE PREFERENCES Sobralia uribei (ORCHIDACEAE): AN ENDEMIC SPECIES FROM SANTANDER, COLOMBIA
Fonte: Rev. luna azul;(43):128-144, jul.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: En Colombia alrededor del 35% de las especies registradas son endémicas y, en algunos casos, sólo son conocidas por el espécimen o localidad tipo. No obstante, el avance de la frontera agrícola, la deforestación, la minería y otras prácticas antropogénicas, son las principales causas de su extinción. Los estudios realizados en Santander, desde la decada del sesenta, determinaron que Sobralia uribei, especie endémica de este departamento, es conocida en una localidad del municipio de Piedecuesta. El objetivo de esta investigación fue conocer la diversidad intraespecífica, distribución y estado actual de conservación de S. uribei. Por esta razón, se revisaron los herbarios locales y se realizaron salidas de campo en el departamento de Santander. Los datos obtenidos fueron procesados para análisis morfológicos y biogeográficos mediante el programa DIVA-GIS. Después de 54 años, se registra una nueva localidad en el municipio de Contratación, a una distancia en línea recta de 84 km, y un promedio de 1500-2000 msnm. Los caracteres morfológicos diferenciales fueron la altura de la planta (1-3 m), el color del ápice del labelo (blanco o lila), y el número de flores por racimo (9-11vs 7-9). La distribución potencial se concentró en los municipios de El Carmen, San Vicente de Chucurí, Hato, Galán y Zapatoca, entre los 1500 a 2600 msnm, y no donde fue colectada. La temperatura de las subpoblaciones no presenta diferencias significativas, y los inicios de la precipitación de enero a abril permiten la floración de la especie. El estatus de conservación de S. uribei se defiene en la categoría de Peligro Crítico (CR) según los criterios de riesgo propuestos por la UICN. Actualmente, la intervención antrópica es el factor principal que puede causar la extinción de las subpoblaciones existentes, por lo que estrategias de conservación in situ y ex situ son urgentes y necesarias.

In Colombia, about 35% of the recorded species are endemic and in some cases are only known specimen type or location. However, the advance of the agricultural frontier, deforestation, mining and other anthropogenic practices are the main causes of extinction. Studies in Santander, from the sixties, determined that Sobralia uribei, endemic to this department, is known in a locality in the municipality of Piedecuesta. The objective of this research was to study the intraspecific diversity, distribution and state of conservation of S. uribei. For this reason, local herbal reviewed and conducted field trips in the Department of Santander. The data obtained were processed for morphological and biogeographic analysis using DIVA-GIS program. After 54 years, a new location is recorded in the municipality of Trade, a straight line distance of 84 km, and an average of 1500 to 2000 m. The differential morphological characters were plant height (1-3 m), the apex of the lip color (white or purple), and the number of flowers per cluster (9-11 vs 7-9). The potential distribution is concentrated in the towns of El Carmen, San Vicente de Chucurí, Hato, Galán and Zapatoca, between 1500-2600 m, and not where it was collected. The temperature of subpopulations no significant differences and the beginning of the precipitation from January to April, allowing the flowering of the species. The conservation status of S. uribei is defiene in the category of Critically Endangered (CR) according to risk criteria proposed by IUCN. Currently, human intervention is the main factor that may cause the extinction of existing subpopulations, so conservation strategies in situ and ex situ, are urgent and necessary.
Descritores: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
-Clima
Biogeografia
Orchidaceae
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: CO54.1 - Centro de Biblioteca e Información Científica



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