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Pesquisa : G16.500.275.157.100 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-951795
Autor: Arana-Gabriel, Yolanda; Burrola-Aguilar, Cristina; Garibay-Orijel, Roberto; Matías-Ferrer, Noemí; Franco-Maass, Sergio; Mata, Gerardo.
Título: Genetic characterization, evaluation of growth and production of biomass of strains from wild edible mushrooms of Lyophyllum of Central Mexico
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(3):632-640, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract The present study conducted a genetic characterization and determined growth rate and biomass production in solid and liquid media, using strains obtained from wild edible sporomes of Lyophyllum that grow in high mountains. Vegetative isolation was used to obtain a total of four strains, which were divided into two clades within the section Difformia: Lyophyllum sp. and Lyophyllum aff. shimeji. Growth rate and biomass production were influenced by both the culture media and the strains. In a potato dextrose agar medium, the strains presented a higher growth rate, while in a malt extract-peptone and yeast agar medium, the growth rate was lower, but with a higher biomass production that was equal to that in the malt extract-peptone and yeast liquid medium.
Descritores: Agaricales/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Agaricales/genética
-Cinética
Biomassa
Meios de Cultura/metabolismo
Meios de Cultura/química
Micélio/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Micélio/genética
Micélio/metabolismo
Micélio/química
Agaricales/metabolismo
Agaricales/química
Fermentação
México
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974308
Autor: Bonadio, Mariana de Paula; Freita, Lidyane Aline de; Mutton, Márcia Justino Rossini.
Título: Carotenoid production in sugarcane juice and synthetic media supplemented with nutrients by Rhodotorula rubra l02
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(4):872-878, Oct.-Dec. 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT In order for the use of biological carotenoids to become feasible, it is necessary to have adequate low cost sources and improved methods of cultivation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with nitrogen, phosphorus, zinc, and magnesium, on the biomass and carotenoid volumetric production by yeast Rhodotorula rubra L02 using a complex medium (sugarcane juice) and synthetic media (sucrose and maltose) as substrates. The experimental design used for each substrate was randomized in blocks with 16 treatments and 3 repetitions. The treatments were compound for 15 different combinations of nutrients (N; Mg; Zn; P, N + Mg; N + Zn; N + P; Mg + Zn; Mg + P; Zn + P; N + P + Zn; N + P + Mg; N + Zn + Mg; P + Zn + Mg; N + Zn + Mg + P) alone and combined, and a control. The results were submitted to analysis of variance and Tukey test at 5% significance level. Among the treatments evaluated, the highest production of dry biomass, with both maltose and sucrose, was observed for Mg (1.60 g/L and 1.94 g/L, respectively). Additionally, another treatment that stood out in terms of biomass production was the control treatment with maltose (1.54 g/L). After the incubation time, killer activity was not observed since there was no formation of inhibition halo around the L02 yeast.
Descritores: Rhodotorula/metabolismo
Carotenoides/biossíntese
Meios de Cultura/síntese química
Saccharum/microbiologia
-Rhodotorula/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Rhodotorula/genética
Biomassa
Meios de Cultura/metabolismo
Meios de Cultura/química
Saccharum/metabolismo
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1049243
Autor: Martins, Maria Eduarda da Mata; Martins, Eduardo da Silva; Martins, Heytor Lemos.
Título: Production and characterization of a thermostable ß-glucosidase from Myceliophthora heterothallica / Produção e caracterização de uma ß-glicosidase termoestável de Myceliophthora heterothallica
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);36(1):212-222, jan./feb. 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The conversion of biomass from agro-industrial residues into bioproducts is of great interest, especially to Brazil, where bioenergy has a huge potential for development. Enzymes involved in biodegradation of lignocellulosic biomass are those of the cellulase system, of which ß-glucosidase is a constituent. The production and characterization of ß-glucosidase by the thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora heterothallica by solid-state cultivation on different agro-industrial residues (sugarcane bagasse, sugarcane straw, wheat bran and a mixture of these three materials (1:1:1 w/w) was evaluated. Solid-state cultivation were conducted in 250 mL Erlenmeyer flasks, with 5 g of each substrate. Different culture parameters, such as supplementary nutrient solution to the substrate, supplementary nutrient solution pH, initial substrate moisture and fungus incubation temperature, were evaluated to establish conditions of higher enzyme production by the fungus The greatest production of enzymes occurred in a mixture of wheat bran, sugarcane bagasse and straw bagasse (1:1:1). The activity of ß-glucosidase was greater under the following conditions: nutrient solution composed of NH4NO3, MgSO4.7H2O and (NH4)2SO4 (0.1%), at pH 4.5 or 6.0, fungus incubation at 40°C or 45°C, initial moisture of substrate at 80%. Enzyme presented optimum pH at pH 5.0 and good pH stability. Best temperature was 65°C and enzyme showed 100% stability for 1h, up to 60°C. The use of agro-industrial residues provided good production of ß-glucosidase by fungus, with enzyme having the characteristics desirable from the industrial application.

A conversão da biomassa vegetal proveniente de resíduos agroindustriais em bioprodutos é de grande interesse, principalmente para o Brasil, onde a agroenergia possui grande potencial de desenvolvimento. Enzimas envolvidas na biodegradação da biomassa lignocelulósica fazem parte do grupo das celulases, no qual a 훽-glucosidase é um constituinte. O presente estudo avaliou a produção e caracterização de uma ß-glicosidase pelo fungo termofílico Myceliophthora heterothallica por cultivo em estado sólido de diferentes resíduos agroindustriais (bagaço de cana-de-açúcar, palha de cana-de-açúcar, farelo de trigo e em uma mistura dos três materiais (1:1: 1 p/p). O cultivo em estado sólido foi realizado em frascos Erlenmeyer de 250 mL, contendo 5 g de cada substrato. Diferentes parâmetros de cultivo, como solução nutriente suplementar ao substrato, pH da solução nutriente suplementar, umidade inicial do substrato e temperatura de incubação do fungo foram avaliados, visando estabelecer condições para maior produção da enzima pelo fungo. A maior produção da enzima ocorreu na mistura de farelo de trigo, e bagaço e palha de cana-de-açúcar (1:1:1). A atividade da ß-glicosidase foi maior nas seguintes condições: solução nutriente composta por NH4NO3, MgSO4.7H2O e (NH4)2SO4 (0,1%) com pH 4,5 e 6,0, temperatura de incubação do fungo a 40°C e 45°C, com umidade inicial do substrato em 80%. A enzima apresentou pH ótimo de 5,0, e boa estabilidade ao pH. A temperatura ótima foi de 65°C, e a enzima apresentou 100% de estabilidade por 1h, até 60°C. A utilização de resíduos agroindustriais proporcionou boa produção de ß-glicosidase pelo fungo, com a enzima apresentando características desejáveis para aplicação industrial.
Descritores: Biomassa
Fungos
Glucosidases
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1049228
Autor: Lopes, Marcos Neves; Cândido, Magno José Duarte; Pompeu, Roberto Cláudio Fernandes Franco; Silva, Rodrigo Gregório da; Lacerda, Claudivan Feitosa de; Bezerra, Marlos Alves; Morais Neto, Luiz Barreto de; Carneiro, Maria Socorro de Souza.
Título: Gas exchange in Massai grass fertilized with nitrogen and grazed by sheep / Trocas gasosas em capim-massai adubado com nitrogênio e pastejado por ovinos
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);36(1):152-160, jan./feb. 2020. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The knowledge of gas exchanges in forage plants is essential for a better understanding of the process of forage biomass production in pasture. This study evaluated the gas exchange in massai grass fertilized with increasing levels of nitrogen fertilizer (control - without nitrogen fertilizer; 400; 800 and 1200 kg ha-1year-1) and under rotational grazing by sheep, in a completely randomized design with repeated measures in time. The rest period was approximately 1.5 new leaves per tiller, as determined in the pre-test at the beginning of the experiment, providing interval of 22; 18; 16 and 13 days for the levels 0.0 - control; 400; 800 and 1200 kg ha-1 year-1 nitrogen, respectively. The animals used to lower the sward height to the recommended residual height were sheep (½ Morada Nova x ½ undefined breed), placed in paddocks of 42.3 m2. As the animals grazed, the height of the sward was monitored with a ruler until the canopy reached the recommended residual height of approximately 15 cm, corresponding to the residual LAI of exit of the animals from the paddock at approximately 1.5, as determined in a pre-test to set up the experiment. The variables stomatal conductance, leaf photosynthesis rate, leaf carbon dioxide concentration, photosynthesis/transpiration ratio, chlorophyll relative index and nitrogen sufficiency index revealed a positive linear response to nitrogen fertilization. Nitrogen fertilization level at 1200 kg ha-1year-1 caused an increment of 92.3% in leaf photosynthesis rate in relation to the control. The leaf temperature and photosynthesis/conductance ratio were reduced with increasing nitrogen levels. The leaf transpiration showed a quadratic response with maximum point with increasing nitrogen levels. Nitrogen fertilization favor the gas exchange in massai grass up to the last level tested.

O conhecimento das trocas gasosas em plantas forrageiras é essencial para melhor entendimento de como ocorre o processo de produção de biomassa de forragem na pastagem. Objetivou-se avaliar as trocas gasosas no capim-massai submetido a crescentes doses de nitrogênio (controle - sem nitrogênio; 400; 800 e 1200 kg ha-1 ano-1) e sob lotação rotativa com ovinos, num delineamento inteiramente casualizado com medidas repetidas no tempo. O período de descanso adotado foi de aproximadamente 1,5 novas folhas por perfilho, conforme determinação em pré-ensaio quando do início da instalação do experimento, propiciando um intervalo de 22; 18; 16 e 13 dias para as doses 0,0 ­ controle; 400; 800 e 1200 kg ha-1 ano-1 de nitrogênio, respectivamente. Os animais utilizados para rebaixamento do pasto até a altura residual preconizada foram ovinos (½ Morada Nova x ½ SPRD), alocados em piquetes de 42,3 m2. À medida que os animais pastejavam, a altura do pasto foi monitorada com auxílio de uma régua, até que o dossel atingisse a altura residual preconizada de aproximadamente 15 cm, correspondendo ao IAF residual de saída dos animais do piquete de aproximadamente 1,5, conforme determinação em pré-ensaio para instalação do experimento. As variáveis: condutância estomática, taxa de fotossíntese foliar, concentração interna de CO2, relação fotossíntese/transpiração, índice relativo de clorofila e índice de suficiência de nitrogênio responderam de forma linear crescente ao incremento nas doses de nitrogênio. Verificou-se aumento de 92,3% na taxa de fotossíntese para a dose de N de 1200 kg ha-1 ano-1 em relação à ausência de nitrogênio. A temperatura da folha e a relação fotossíntese/condutância foram reduzidas com o aumento das doses de nitrogênio. A adubação nitrogenada proporcionou resposta quadrática com ponto de máximo sobre a taxa de transpiração foliar. A adubação nitrogenada favorece as trocas gasosas em capim-massai até a última dose estudada.
Descritores: Fotossíntese
Ovinos
Biomassa
Panicum
Nitrogênio
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Teixeira, Maria Francisca Simas
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Id: lil-788950
Autor: Kirsch, Larissa de Souza; Macedo, Ana Júlia Porto de; Teixeira, Maria Francisca Simas.
Título: Production of mycelial biomass by the Amazonian edible mushroom Pleurotus albidus
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):658-664, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Edible mushroom species are considered as an adequate source of food in a healthy diet due to high content of protein, fiber, vitamins, and a variety of minerals. The representatives of Pleurotus genus are characterized by distinct gastronomic, nutritional, and medicinal properties among the edible mushrooms commercialized worldwide. In the present study, the growth of mycelial biomass of Pleurotus albidus cultivated in submerged fermentation was evaluated. Saccharose, fructose, and maltose were the three main carbon sources for mycelial biomass formation with corresponding yields of 7.28 g L−1, 7.07 g L−1, and 6.99 g L−1. Inorganic nitrogen sources did not stimulate growth and the optimal yield was significantly higher with yeast extract (7.98 g L−1). The factorial design used to evaluate the influence of saccharose and yeast extract concentration, agitation speed, and initial pH indicated that all variables significantly influenced the production of biomass, especially the concentration of saccharose. The greater amount of saccharose resulted in the production of significantly more biomass. The highest mycelial biomass production (9.81 g L−1) was reached in the medium formulated with 30.0 g L−1 saccharose, 2.5 g L−1 yeast extract, pH 7.0, and a speed of agitation at 180 rpm. Furthermore, P. albidus manifested different aspects of morphology and physiology under the growth conditions employed. Media composition affected mycelial biomass production indicating that the diversification of carbon sources promoted its improvement and can be used as food or supplement.
Descritores: Biomassa
Pleurotus/fisiologia
Micélio
Fermentação
-Carbono/metabolismo
Pleurotus/ultraestrutura
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1048810
Autor: Araújo, Octavio Gabryel; Mendes, Simone Martins; Vilella, Michelle; Silveira, Luis Cláudio Paterno; Simeone, Maria Lucia Ferreira; Fadini, Marcus Antonio Matiello; Parrella, Rafael Augusto da Costa.
Título: Resistance of bioenergy sorghum to Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) / Resistência de sorgo bioenergia à diatraea saccharalis (lepidoptera: crambidae)
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);35(4):1022-1032, july/aug. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This study evaluated the effects of the sugarcane borer Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) on cultivars of sweet and biomass sorghum for the selection of resistant cultivars. The present work consisted of two trials, with natural pest infestation. In the first one, 10 sweet sorghum cultivars were analyzed for the following variables: plant height, number of healthy and damaged internodes, gallery position and size, stem infestation level and soluble solids content (°Brix). In the second trial, it was analyzed 16 genotypes of high biomass sorghum, with the same variables above mentioned, in addition to the lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose contents. Among sweet sorghum genotypes evaluated, the genotype CMSXS647 stood out due to the traits: plant height, infestation level, gallery size and soluble solids content. Among the sorghum genotypes evaluated, CMSXS7030, CMSXS7012 and CMSXS7028 presented ideal characteristics for infestation level, plant height and number of lignocellulosic compounds. Such information, in addition to supporting the bioenergy sorghum breeding program, will assist in integrated pest management for sorghum cultivation.

Foram estudados os efeitos causados pela broca-do-colmo Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), em cultivares de sorgo sacarino e biomassa visando seleção de cultivares resistentes à praga. O presente trabalho foi constituído de dois ensaios, com infestação natural da praga. No primeiro, 10 cultivares de sorgo sacarino foram analisadas quanto às seguintes variáveis: altura das plantas, quantidade de internódios sadios e com injúrias, posição e tamanho da galeria, intensidade de infestação de colmos e teor de sólidos solúveis (°Brix). No segundo ensaio, foram analisados 16 genótipos de sorgo biomassa, com as mesmas variáveis supracitadas, além dos teores de lignina, celulose e hemicelulose. Entre os genótipos de sorgo sacarino avaliados, o genótipo CMSXS647 foi o que se destacou em função das características: altura de plantas, intensidade de infestação, tamanho de galerias e teor de sólidos solúveis. Entre os genótipos de sorgo biomassa avaliados: CMSXS7030, CMSXS7012 e CMSXS7028 apresentaram características ideais para intensidade de infestação, altura de plantas e quantidade de compostos lignocelulósico. Tais informações, além de prover o programa de melhoramento de sorgo energia podem ajudar o programa de MIP para a cultura do sorgo, uma vez que o produtor conhece a suscetibilidade dos materiais escolhidos.
Descritores: Parede Celular
Biomassa
Sorghum
Lepidópteros
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Ayub, Marco Antonio Zachia
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Id: biblio-828200
Autor: Coghetto, Chaline Caren; Vasconcelos, Carolina Bettker; Brinques, Graziela Brusch; Ayub, Marco Antônio Záchia.
Título: Lactobacillus plantarum BL011 cultivation in industrial isolated soybean protein acid residue
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(4):941-948, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract In this study, physiological aspects of Lactobacillus plantarum BL011 growing in a new, all-animal free medium in bioreactors were evaluated aiming at the production of this important lactic acid bacterium. Cultivations were performed in submerged batch bioreactors using the Plackett-Burman methodology to evaluate the influence of temperature, aeration rate and stirring speed as well as the concentrations of liquid acid protein residue of soybean, soy peptone, corn steep liquor, and raw yeast extract. The results showed that all variables, except for corn steep liquor, significantly influenced biomass production. The best condition was applied to bioreactor cultures, which produced a maximal biomass of 17.87 g L-1, whereas lactic acid, the most important lactic acid bacteria metabolite, peaked at 37.59 g L-1, corresponding to a productivity of 1.46 g L-1 h-1. This is the first report on the use of liquid acid protein residue of soybean medium for L. plantarum growth. These results support the industrial use of this system as an alternative to produce probiotics without animal-derived ingredients to obtain high biomass concentrations in batch bioreactors.
Descritores: Proteínas de Soja
Meios de Cultura
Lactobacillus plantarum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Lactobacillus plantarum/metabolismo
-Biomassa
Ácido Láctico/biossíntese
Proteínas de Soja/metabolismo
Proteínas de Soja/química
Reatores Biológicos
Meios de Cultura/química
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos
Fermentação
Hidrólise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788980
Autor: El-Gendy, Mervat Morsy Abbas Ahmed; El-Bondkly, Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed.
Título: Evaluation and enhancement of heavy metals bioremediation in aqueous solutions by Nocardiopsis sp. MORSY1948, and Nocardia sp. MORSY2014
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):571-586, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT An analysis of wastewater samples collected from different industrial regions of Egypt demonstrated dangerously high levels of nickel (0.27-31.50 mg L-1), chromium (1.50-7.41 mg L-1) and zinc (1.91-9.74 mg L-1) in the effluents. Alarmingly, these heavy metals are among the most toxic knownones to humans and wildlife. Sixty-nine Actinomycete isolates derived from contaminated sites were evaluated under single, binary, and ternary systems for their biosorption capacity for Ni2+, Cr6+ and Zn2+ from aqueous solutions. The results of the study identified isolates MORSY1948 and MORSY2014 as the most active biosorbents. Phenotypic and chemotypic characterization along with molecular phylogenetic evidence confirmed that the two strains are members of the Nocardiopsis and Nocardia genera, respectively. The results also proved that for both the strains, heavy metal reduction was more efficient with dead rather than live biomass. The affinity of the dead biomass of MORSY1948 strain for Ni2+, Cr6+ and Zn2+ under the optimized pH conditions of 7, 8 and 7, respectively at 40 °C temperature with 0.3% biosorbent dosage was found to be as follows: Ni2+ (87.90%) > Zn2+ (84.15%) > Cr6+ (63.75%). However, the dead biomass of MORSY2014 strain under conditions of pH 8 and 50 °C temperature with 0.3% biosorbent dose exhibited the highest affinity which was as follows: Cr6+ (95.22%) > Ni2+ (93.53%) > Zn2+ (90.37%). All heavy metals under study were found to be removed from aqueous solutions in entirety when the sorbent dosage was increased to 0.4%.
Descritores: Metais Pesados/metabolismo
Nocardia/classificação
Nocardia/metabolismo
-Temperatura Ambiente
Fatores de Tempo
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
Biodegradação Ambiental
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Biomassa
Metais Pesados/toxicidade
Adsorção
Egito
Águas Residuais/microbiologia
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Resíduos Industriais
Nocardia/isolamento & purificação
Nocardia/genética
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788975
Autor: Orhan, Furkan.
Título: Alleviation of salt stress by halotolerant and halophilic plant growth-promoting bacteria in wheat (Triticum aestivum)
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):621-627, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT In the current study, 18 halotolerant and halophilic bacteria have been investigated for their plant growth promoting abilities in vitro and in a hydroponic culture. The bacterial strains have been investigated for ammonia, indole-3-acetic acid and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate-deaminase production, phosphate solubilisation and nitrogen fixation activities. Of the tested bacteria, eight were inoculated with Triticum aestivum in a hydroponic culture. The investigated bacterial strains were found to have different plant-growth promoting activities in vitro. Under salt stress (200 mM NaCl), the investigated bacterial strains significantly increased the root and shoot length and total fresh weight of the plants. The growth rates of the plants inoculated with bacterial strains ranged from 62.2% to 78.1%.Identifying of novel halophilic and halotolerant bacteria that promote plant growth can be used as alternatives for salt sensitive plants. Extensive research has been conducted on several halophilic and halotolerant bacterial strains to investigate their plant growth promoting activities. However, to the best of my knowledge, this is the first study to inoculate these bacterial strains with wheat.
Descritores: Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/biossíntese
Estresse Fisiológico
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias/metabolismo
Triticum/fisiologia
Triticum/microbiologia
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos
Salinidade
-Fenótipo
Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia
Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia
Biomassa
Amônia/metabolismo
Fixação de Nitrogênio
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-788964
Autor: Corrêa, Juliana Moço; Christi, Divair; Torre, Carla Lieko Della; Henn, Caroline; Conceição-Silva, José Luis da; Kadowaki, Marina Kimiko; Simão, Rita de Cássia Garcia.
Título: High levels of ß-xylosidase in Thermomyces lanuginosus: potential use for saccharification
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;47(3):680-690, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: CAPES; . Araucária Foundation; . National Council for Scientific and Technological Development.
Resumo: ABSTRACT A new strain of Thermomyces lanuginosus was isolated from the Atlantic Forest biome, and its β-xylosidases optimization in response to agro-industrial residues was performed. Using statistical approach as a strategy for optimization, the induction of β-xylosidases activity was evaluated in residual corn straw, and improved so that the optimum condition achieved high β-xylosidases activities 1003 U/mL. According our known, this study is the first to show so high levels of β-xylosidases activities induction. In addition, the application of an experimental design with this microorganism to induce β-xylosidases has not been reported until the present work. The optimal conditions for the crude enzyme extract were pH 5.5 and 60 °C showing better thermostability at 55 °C. The saccharification ability of β-xylosidase in the presence of hemicellulose obtained from corn straw raw and xylan from beechwood substrates showed a xylo-oligosaccharide to xylose conversion yield of 80 and 50%, respectively, at 50 °C. Our data strongly indicated that the β-xylosidases activities was not subjected to the effects of potential enzyme inhibitors often produced during fermentation process. These data suggest the application of this enzyme studied for saccharification of hemicellulose, an abundant residue in the American continents, thus providing an interesting alternative for future tests for energy production.
Descritores: Ascomicetos/enzimologia
Xilosidases/metabolismo
Fermentação
-Polissacarídeos/metabolismo
Polissacarídeos/química
Especificidade por Substrato
Temperatura Ambiente
Xilose/metabolismo
Biomassa
Zea mays/química
Ativação Enzimática
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Hidrólise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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