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Id: biblio-1284316
Autor: GeoHazards International.
Título: Towards a safer Bajhang.
Fonte: California; GeoHazards International; Dec. 21, 2018. 41 p.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The pages that follow present an earthquake scenario for the district of Bajhang, Nepal. It tells the story of three people, and what happens to them and their families during a plausible but hypothetical earthquake. This is not a prediction. This story, and the study upon which it is based, are intended as an example of what may happen if a major earthquake strikes Bajhang in the near future. Bajhang will always face a risk of earthquakes. The Main Himalayan Thrust fault, which underlies much of Nepal, is the source for potentially very damaging earthquakes. The last very large earthquake in this region occurred in BS 1562 / 1505 AD. 1 Another earthquake could occur any time, because strain has been increasing on the fault ever since. This scenario shows the consequences of such an event, and the knowledge can be used to plan for safer outcomes. The story incorporates insights from professionals around the world who study earthquake effects, research on historic earthquakes, and documented experiences from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake. The consequences are based on standard methods that engineers and scientists use to estimate the shaking, damage and human impact a given earthquake may cause. The scenario earthquake strikes on a weekday in May at 1:35 PM. Across the district, adults are working, and children are on recess at school. Measuring magnitude 7.8, the earthquake originates approximately 100 kilometers northwest of Jayaprithivi on the Main Himalayan Thrust fault. It is not the worst earthquake that could happen, but it causes serious losses and suffering. Shaking throughout Bajhang and most of Sudurpashchim Pradesh is very strong, causing the consequences explained in this narrative: casualties, damaged buildings, landslides, fire, isolation, loss of power and water, and economic hardship.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Efeitos de Desastres nas Edificações
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
-Nepal
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284313
Autor: Organización Panamericana de la Salud.
Título: Haiti earthquake: situation report 4 - 23 August 2021.
Fonte: Washington; OPS; Aug. 23, 2021. 6 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: As a result of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake on August 14, 2021, according to Haiti's Civil Protection agency (DGPC), 2,207 people have died, 12,268 people were injured, and 320 are missing. In the most affected departments ­ Sud, Grand'Anse and Nippes ­ around 53,000 houses were destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. Rapid assessments reported 59 health facilities affected in Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud Departments: 27 severely damaged and 32 slightly damaged. In the affected departments, health sector evaluators are carrying out assessments to gather data on injured patients (hospitalizations, types of injuries and demographics) and the degree of damage to health facilities and needs. Logistics and security challenges continue limiting the delivery of supplies, deployment of personnel to affected areas and the transfer of patients to hospitals that are not overwhelmed. Health sector needs include: medical personnel, medicines, supplies and stock management, mental health and psychosocial support initiatives, implementation of preventive and control measures for communicable diseases, WASH operations in health facilities and shelters, rehabilitation of injured patients, among others
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos/mortalidade
Desastres Naturais/mortalidade
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284294
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Flash appeal Haiti: earthquake - August 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 38 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: On 14 August at 8:30 am local time, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the south-western coast of Haiti causing large-scale damage across the country's southern peninsula. The powerful 10 km deep earthquake occurred 13km southeast of Petit-Troude-Nippes, in the department of Nippes, the same region devastated by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Only two days after the quake, Tropical Depression Grace dumped extremely heavy rains in southern Haiti, causing flooding in the same quake-affected areas. Despite being much less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake which left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, the impact of the 14 August earthquake has been devastating. According to the latest reports issued by the Haitian Civil Protection on 21 August, the death toll has now surpassed 2,200 with more than 12,200 people injured. Almost 53,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 77,000 have sustained damage. About 800,000 people have been affected and an estimated 650,000 people ­ 40 per cent of the 1.6 million people living in the affected departments ­ are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. The back-to-back disasters are exacerbating preexisting vulnerabilities. At the time of the disaster, Haiti is still reeling from the 7 July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and still facing an escalation in gang violence since June that has affected 1.5 million people, with at least 19,000 displaced in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The compounded effects of an ongoing political crisis, socio-economic challenges, food insecurity and gang violence continue to greatly worsen an already precarious humanitarian situation. Some 4.4 million people, or nearly 46 per cent of the population, face acute food insecurity, including 1.2 million who are in emergency levels (IPC 4) and 3.2 million people at crisis levels (IPC Phase 3). An estimated 217,000 children suffer from moderateto-severe acute malnutrition.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284293
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Flash appeal summary: Haiti earthquake.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 2 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Humanitarian needs are rapidly growing in the aftermath of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck south-west Haiti on 14 August 2021, badly affecting the departments of Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud. The earthquake's devastating impact, while considered less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake that left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, was later compounded with heavy rains from tropical depression Grace on 17 August. Overall, official reports indicate more than 2,200 deaths and more than 12,000 people injured. The consecutive impacts damaged or destroyed more than 130,000 homes, rendering thousands homeless and in urgent need of assistance.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres/economia
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284291
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Haiti: earthquake situation. Report nº 2 - 26 August 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 26, 2021. 13 p.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Nearly two weeks after a 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked south-western Haiti, humanitarian assistance has begun reaching some of the hardest-to-reach areas, where the most vulnerable are still unable to meet their urgent need for food, basic sanitation and hygiene and life-saving health services. In some remote rural areas, response personnel and relief supplies have yet to reach those most in need. The compounded impacts of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have greatly exacerbated pre-existing needs. The UN System in Haiti estimates 650,000 people are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, a concerning figure considering that 634,000 people across the three most affected departments ­ Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud ­ already needed multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance before the quake. As of the latest updates issued on 25 August, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reported 2,207 deaths,12,268 injured and 320 missing. By 22 August, search-and-rescue crews had extracted 24 missing people from the rubble, including 4 children, who were airlifted to Camp-Perrin to receive emergency medical assistance. In the Sud Department, aftershocks continue almost two weeks after the initial quake on 14 August, creating widespread panic among the affected population. Some people whose homes are still standing in affected areas are choosing to sleep in the streets in fear that the structures may collapse at any moment.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284289
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Haïti: tremblement de terre. Rapport de Situation nº 1 - 22 aout 2021 / Haiti: earthquake. Situation Report n ° 1 - August 22, 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; aout 22, 2021. 16 p.
Idioma: fr.
Resumo: Après qu'un puissant séisme de magnitude 7,2 et une dépression tropicale aient frappé Haïti les 14 et 17 août derniers, ne faisant qu'aggraver la misère et le dénuement causés par une intensification des déplacements liés aux gangs, une insécurité alimentaire chronique et des chocs climatiques récurrents, les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement, dépassant la vitesse à laquelle les autorités nationales et les partenaires humanitaires peuvent atteindre les populations touchées. Le passage de la dépression tropicale Grace n'a fait qu'aggraver les conditions sur le terrain après le tremblement de terre, en déversant des pluies extrêmement fortes dans les mêmes régions du sud du pays qui ont subi l'impact du tremblement de terre quelques jours plus tôt et en retardant le déploiement rapide des évaluations sectorielles et l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire vitale. Alors que le département du Sud-Est a été largement épargné par les conséquences du séisme dévastateur, les pluies diluviennes de Grace ont déclenché des inondations dans le département qui ont touché des centaines de foyers, générant des besoins concurrents issus de crises qui se superposent. Au 21 août, le bilan s'élevait à 2 207 morts, 12 268 blessés et 344 disparus. Ces chiffres augmentent d'heure en heure, car les équipes de recherche et de sauvetage ont de plus en plus de mal à trouver des survivants. Alors que le nombre de personnes gravement blessées ne cesse d'augmenter, la capacité de réaction du système de santé, déjà limitée, est de plus en plus mise à l'épreuve. Beaucoup de celles et ceux qui ont eu la chance de s'en sortir vivants se retrouvent maintenant sans abri, sans accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement, et plus exposés aux violences et aux abus, y compris aux violences basées sur le genre (VBG), car l'environnement de protection reste précaire. Selon la Direction générale de la protection civile (DGPC), 650 000 personnes ont besoin d'une aide humanitaire d'urgence dans les trois départements les plus touchés (Sud, Grand'Anse et Nippes). L'agriculture et les moyens de subsistance qui y sont liés ont été durement frappés dans les zones sinistrées, ce qui risque d'aggraver la sécurité alimentaire dans un pays où 4,4 millions de personnes, soit près de 40 % de la population, souffraient déjà d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Certaines des zones les plus touchées, comme le département des Nippes, ont déjà été confrontées aux conséquences négatives des sécheresses cycliques et de l'érosion des sols ces dernières années, ce qui a probablement poussé de nombreuses personnes à recourir à des mécanismes d'adaptation négatifs, car elles n'ont pas la capacité de faire face à la dernière crise.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1223726
Autor: Moyano, Daniela.
Título: Recomendaciones para los equipos que gestionan los comedores escolares en la emergencia sanitaria de COVID-19 en Argentina / Recommendations for the teams that manage school canteens in the public health emergency of COVID-19 in Argentina
Fonte: Arch. latinoam. nutr;70(3):215-234, sept. 2020. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El impacto de la pandemia causada por el COVID-19 puede profundizar las situaciones de malnutrición, donde será necesario adaptar los programas alimentarios a este nuevo contexto. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar la metodología y los principales resultados del proceso de formulación de una guía federal basada en la evidencia científica y adaptada a la realidad de la población infanto-juvenil que asiste a los comedores escolares de las 24 jurisdicciones de Argentina. Se observó que las modalidades de implementación de CE durante la pandemia fueron: módulos alimentarios (la más frecuente); módulos alimentarios entregados en la escuela con sostenimiento del CE regular y, viandas y/o refrigerios entregados diariamente. Existió escasa evidencia a nivel global y regional sobre recomendaciones específicas aplicadas a la implementación de CE, aunque se encontraron recomendaciones sobre higiene y manipulación de alimentos. A partir de un proceso participativo entre actores claves se obtuvieron recomendaciones específicas según las dimensiones de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional (SAN). Se concluye que resulta necesario aumentar las experiencias participativas en el diseño de recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, adaptadas al territorio y que asuman un enfoque integral desde las dimensiones de la SAN(AU)

The impact of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 may deepen the situations of malnutrition, where it will be necessary to adapt food programs to this new context. The objective of this work was to present the methodology and the main results of the process of formulating a federal guide based on scientific evidence and adapted to the reality of the child and adolescent population that attend school canteens in the 24 jurisdictions of Argentina. It was observed that the modalities for the implementation of SC during the pandemic were: food modules (the most frequent); food modules delivered at school with regular SC support and, food and/or snacks delivered daily. There was little evidence at the global and regional level on specific recommendations applied to the implementation of SC, although recommendations on hygiene and food handling were found. Based on a participatory process among key actors, specific recommendations were obtained according to the dimensions of food and nutrition security (FNS). It is concluded that it is necessary to increase participatory experiences in the design of recommendations based on evidence, adapted to the territory and that assume a comprehensive approach from the dimensions of FNS(AU)
Descritores: Infecções por Coronavirus
Nutrição da Criança
Nutrição do Adolescente
Recomendações Nutricionais
Necessidades Nutricionais
-Socorro em Desastres
Programas e Políticas de Nutrição e Alimentação
Desnutrição
Guias Alimentares
Pandemias
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Guia
Responsável: VE1.1 - Biblioteca Humberto Garcia Arocha


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Id: biblio-1130179
Autor: Silva, Juliana Catarine Barbosa da; Menezes, Jaileila de Araújo.
Título: Discursos (sobre)viver nos territórios em risco da região metropolitana do Recife / Discourses (about) living in territories at risk of the metropolitan region of Recife / (Discursos (sobre)vivir en los territorios en riesgo de la región metropolitana de Recife
Fonte: Psicol. ciênc. prof;40:1-17, jan.-maio 2020.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: A presente pesquisa objetiva analisar e debater os discursos produzidos por usuárias(os) do Sistema Nacional de Proteção e Defesa Civil, residentes na Região Metropolitana do Recife, no que diz respeito à vida nos territórios em risco. O estudo está inserido no conjunto de pesquisas que buscam compreender os fenômenos socioculturais que envolvem a questão do risco, e suas implicações para os processos de subjetivação das pessoas nos contextos marcados por emergências e desastres. Desenvolvemos uma metodologia qualitativa, como referenciais epistêmico-metodológicos adotamos os estudos foucaultianos sobre discurso e a Psicologia Discursiva de origem inglesa. Realizamos entrevistas semiestruturadas com a participação de três homens e doze mulheres usuárias(os) da defesa civil e beneficiárias(os) do auxílio-moradia. Os discursos produzidos ressaltaram um território marcado por um sistema de gerenciamentos de riscos deficitário e pouco efetivo, sendo que a pobreza e a dificuldade de acesso a serviços públicos básicos são demandas centrais das pessoas que nele habitam. Identificamos também estratégias de resistência, que mesmo fragilizadas, buscam suprir a ausência efetiva do Estado nesses espaços. A questão social é uma temática central no contexto pesquisado, produz marcas profundas naquilo que se define como risco e, por conseguinte, na vida das pessoas que habitam os territórios permeados por ele...(AU)

This study analyzes the discussions produced by users of the National System for Civil Protection and Defense by residents of Recife's Metropolitan Region regarding survival in territories at risk. It is part of a set of projects which seek to understand socio-cultural phenomena where the matter of risk is involved and its implications for processes of how people interiorize emergencies and disasters in their respective contexts. A qualitative methodological approach was adopted. We used Foucault's study on discourse and the English school of Discursive Psychology as epistemic-methodological frameworks. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the participation of 12 women and 3 men who were end-users of civil defense and beneficiaries of housing assistance. The generated discussions indicated a territory marked by a system of risk management which was deficient and very ineffective, as poverty and difficult access to basic public services are demands pertaining to people who live there. We also identified strategies for resistance which, even when they became fragile, sought to overcome the state's lack of presence in these scenarios. Social issues constitute a central subject for the context analyzed, as they have a profound impact upon what is defined as risk and for the people who live in territories permeated by this risk...(AU)

La presente investigación objetiva analizar y debatir los discursos producidos por usuarias/os del Sistema Nacional de Protección y Defensa Civil, residentes en la Región Metropolitana de Recife, en lo que se refiere a la vida de las personas en territorios en riesgo. El estudio está insertado en un conjunto de investigaciones que buscan comprender los fenómenos socioculturales que involucran las cuestiones de riesgo, y sus implicaciones para los procesos de subjetivación de las personas en los contextos marcados por emergencias y desastres. Desarrollamos una metodología cualitativa, como referencias epistémico-metodológicas, y adoptamos los estudios foucaultianos sobre discurso y la Psicología Discursiva de origen inglesa. Realizamos entrevistas semiestructuradas con la participación de tres hombres y doces mujeres usuarios/as de defensa civil y beneficiarios/as del programa auxilio vivienda. Los discursos producidos apuntan un territorio marcado por un sistema de gerenciamientos de riesgos deficiente y poco efectivo, siendo que la pobreza y la dificultad al acceso de servicios públicos básicos son las demandas centrales de las personas donde habitan. Identificamos también estrategias de resistencia, que aun fragilizadas buscan suprimir la ausencia efectiva del Estado en esos lugares. La cuestión social es una temática central del contexto encuestado, produciendo marcas profundas en lo que se define como riesgo y, por consiguiente, en la vida de las personas que habitan en los territorios impregnados por estos riesgos...(AU)
Descritores: Psicologia
Socorro em Desastres
Risco
Defesa Civil
Proteção Civil
Sujeitos da Pesquisa
Desastres
Habitação
-Pobreza
Gestão de Riscos
Vida
Estado
Emergências
Respeito
Pessoas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Entrevista
Revisão Sistemática
Responsável: BR1552.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-881368
Autor: Giugliani, Camila.
Título: Angola, ares de transformação / Angola, transformations are in the air
Fonte: Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade;3(10):125-131, nov. 2007.
Idioma: en; pt.
Resumo: Relato a experiência de trabalhar um ano na zona rural de Angola num projeto de saúde materno-infantil com a Organização Não-Governamental Médecins Du Monde. Descrevo, de forma pessoal, algumas intervenções do projeto, assim como alguns resultados alcançados. Por fim, exponho alguns questionamentos e contradições em relação a este projeto e, mais amplamente, em relação ao trabalho de assistência ao desenvolvimento de países da África subsaariana

In this article I tell about my experience of working one year in a rural area in Angola, in a mother-child health project with the Non-Governmental Organization Médecins du Monde. I describe, in a personal manner, some of the project.s interventions as well as some of the results that were achieced. Finally, I address some questions and contradictions in relation to this project, in more general terms, the work in development assistance in Sub-Saharan Africa
Descritores: Saúde da Criança
-Socorro em Desastres
Zona Rural
Saúde Materno-Infantil
Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária
Assistência Integral à Saúde
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR408.1 - Biblioteca da Faculdade de Medicina - BFM


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Texto completo SciELO Cuba
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Id: biblio-1121297
Autor: Pedroso Jacobo, Belkis; Rubiera Leyva, Maida; Herrera Bullén, Ileana; Suárez Díaz, Irianne; Herrera Martínez, Yaimaraís; Alvarado Moreno, Mirlan.
Título: Henry Dunant, fundador de la Cruz Roja / Henry Dunant, founder of the International Red Crosse
Fonte: Rev. medica electron;39(3):671-675, may.-jun. 2017.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El presente se aborda la figura de Henry Dunant, activista en favor de la causa humanitaria, fue testigo de las secuelas de la batalla de Solferino en Italia cuyo impacto le llevó a escribir sus memorias y experiencias en el libro "Un recuerdo de Solferino" en el que reclamó la creación de un cuerpo de voluntarios para socorrer a los heridos de guerra sin distinción del bando que fuera. En 1901, recibió el primer Premio Nobel de la Paz por su papel al fundar el Movimiento Internacional de la Cruz Roja (AU).

The current work is about the figure of Henry Dunant, militant in favor of the humanitarian cause. He was a witness of the sequels of Solferino´s battle, in Italy, the impact of which led him to write his memoirs and experiences in the book "A recollection of Solferino". In it he claimed for the creation of a voluntary corps to help war wounded people without distinction of the band where they fought. In 1901 he was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize because of its role in the foundation of the International Red Crosse Movement (AU).
Descritores: Cruz Vermelha/história
Socorro em Desastres/história
-Socorro em Desastres/normas
Assistência Médica/história
Assistência Médica/normas
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Histórico
Responsável: CU424.1 - Centro Provincial de Información de Ciencias Médicas



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