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Id: biblio-1040138
Autor: Eric, Mirela; Yammine, Kaissar; Vasic, Goran; Dejanovic, Mirjana; Karaba-Jakovljevic, Dea.
Título: Prevalence of the palmaris longus and its impact on grip strength in elite gymnasts and non-athletes / Prevalencia del músculo palmar largo y el impacto en la fuerza de agarre en gimnastas de elite y no atletas
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(4):1361-1369, Dec. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In elite athletes, the palmaris longus (PL) presence has a potential contribution to hand strength, smaller reaction time, better shooting speed and power. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of PL in elite competitive artistic gymnasts and its impact on grip strength compared to a control group of moderately active non-athletes. This prospective study included 370 subjects divided in two groups (170 elite artistic gymnasts and 200 moderately active non-athletes, students of medicine). The study consisted of two clinical sets of examination: a search for the clinical presence of PL was initially conducted followed by the assessment of maximal grip strength. Standard and six additional tests were performed to confirm PL tendon absence. Maximal grip strength was measured bilaterally with an electronic hand dynamometer. Bilateral absence was more common than unilateral, predominately noted on left side in both study groups. Unilateral PL absence was correlated to decreased grip strength in students, while the opposite was found in gymnasts. The mean value of grip strength in some age groups was higher on the side where the PL was absent. The results of our study show that the presence of the PL doesn`t affect the hand grip strength in gymnasts. Due to the low incidence of unilateral PL absence, further large-sampled research is warranted to assess PL contribution to hand grip strength and to other hand functions that could be of significant importance for athletes and non-athletes.

La presencia del músculo palmar largo (MPL) en atletas de élite tiene el potencial de aportar mayor fuerza a la mano, un tiempo de reacción menor, mejor velocidad de tiro y potencia. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la prevalencia de MPL en las gimnastas artísticas competitivas de élite y su impacto en la fuerza de agarre en comparación con un grupo control de no atletas moderadamente activos. El estudio incluyó 370 sujetos divididos en dos grupos (170 gimnastas artísticas de élite y 200 no atletas moderadamente activos, estudiantes de medicina). El estudio consistió en dos series clínicas de examen: inicialmente se realizó una búsqueda de la presencia clínica de MPL, seguido de la evaluación de la fuerza máxima de agarre. Se realizaron pruebas estándar y seis pruebas adicionales para confirmar la ausencia del tendón del MPL. La máxima fuerza de agarre se midió bilateralmente con un dinamómetro de mano electrónico. La ausencia bilateral fue más común que unilateral, predominantemente observada en el lado izquierdo en ambos grupos de estudio. La ausencia unilateral de MPL se correlacionó con una menor fuerza de agarre en los estudiantes, mientras que en gimnastas se encontró lo contrario. El valor medio de la fuerza de agarre en algunos grupos de edad fue mayor en el lado donde el MPL estaba ausente. Los resultados de nuestro estudio muestran que la presencia de MPL no afecta la fuerza de agarre de la mano en gimnastas. Debido a la baja incidencia de ausencia unilateral de MPL, se justifica una investigación adicional de gran tamaño para evaluar la contribución de MPL a la fuerza de agarre de la mano y otras funciones de la mano que podrían ser de gran importancia para los atletas y no atletas.
Descritores: Músculo Esquelético/anatomia & histologia
Força da Mão/fisiologia
Atletas
Ginástica
-Prevalência
Análise Multivariada
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores Etários
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1053225
Autor: Reisvig, Mariela L; Di Matteo, Francisco; Squadroni, Liliana; Garmendia, Francisco; Sánchez, Melisa; García, Maximiliano; Guimaraenz, Marcelo; Estebanez, María J; Montovani, Adriana; De Feo, Fernando.
Título: Muerte súbita cardíaca asociada a puente miocárdico / Sudden cardiac death associated with myocardial bridge
Fonte: Insuf. card;14(4):158-161, Octubre-Diciembre 2019.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Isquemia Miocárdica
Morte Súbita
Ponte Miocárdica
Atletas
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: AR3.1 - Biblioteca Centro Médico de Mar del Plata


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Id: lil-789066
Autor: Daniel, Natália Vilela Silva; Jürgensen, Luana Pilon; Padovani, Ricardo da Costa; Juzwiak, Claudia Ridel.
Título: Impact of an Interdisciplinary Food, Nutrition and Health Education Program for adolescent Brazilian volleyball players / Impacto de um Programa Interdisciplinar de Educação Alimentar, Nutricional e em Saúde para jogadoras de voleibol adolescentes
Fonte: Rev. Nutr. (Online);29(4):567-577, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the impact of an Interdisciplinary Food, Nutrition and Health Education Program on nutrition knowledge, intention to change eating behavior, and body dissatisfaction of adolescent volleyball players. Methods: The sample consisted of 10 female volleyball players from the juvenile category of the city of Santos, São Paulo, Brazil, who participated in a program with eight monthly meetings (one discussion group followed by six educational activities and one final discussion group for evaluation). Results: Nutrition knowledge, body perception, intention to change eating behavior, eating attitudes and practices were investigated using questionnaires and discussion groups before and after the athletes' participation in ludic activities designed to address nutrition strategies for athletic performance and healthy eating, and how to deal with pressure for results and self-image. Nutrition knowledge improved from 57.0%±9.9 to 63.0%±11.8 (p=0.03) of correct answers. The mean body distortion score did not change (70.0±14.9 versus 76.5±22.4, p=0.235). Six athletes advanced in their intention to change eating behavior. Positive food practices were reported during the program and the identified discourses indicated the intention of changing the daily eating habits in the future. Conclusion: The program had a positive impact on nutrition knowledge and intention of changing eating behavior; however, for other issues, especially involving emotional aspects, further interventions should be planned.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto de um Programa Interdisciplinar de Educação Alimentar, Nutricional e em Saúde sobre o conhecimento nutricional, a intenção de mudança de comportamento alimentar e a insatisfação corporal de jogadoras de voleibol adolescentes. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 10 atletas de voleibol, jogadoras da categoria juvenil da cidade de Santos, SP, que participaram do programa composto por oito encontros mensais (um grupo de discussão seguido por seis atividades educacionais e um grupo de discussão final para avaliação). Resultados: Conhecimento nutricional, percepção corporal, intenção de mudança de comportamento alimentar, atitudes e práticas alimentares foram investigadas por questionários e grupo de discussão antes e depois da participação das atletas nas atividades lúdicas, as quais abordaram estratégias nutricionais para desempenho esportivo, alimentação saudável, lidar com pressão por resultados e percepção corporal. O conhecimento nutricional aumentou de 57,0% ±9,9 para 63,0% ±11,8 (p=0,03) de acerto. Não houve diferença no escore de distorção corporal (70,0±14,9 versus 76,5±22,4, p=0,235). Seis atletas avançaram na intenção de mudança de comportamento alimentar. Modificações positivas nas práticas alimentares foram relatadas durante as atividades e os discursos identificados apontam intenções de futuras mudanças nos hábitos alimentares diários. Conclusão: O programa teve impacto positivo em aumentar o conhecimento nutricional e mudança de comportamento alimentar; porém, para outros aspectos, principalmente envolvendo questões emocionais, outras intervenções devem ser planejadas.
Descritores: Educação Alimentar e Nutricional
Comportamento Alimentar/etnologia
Atletas/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adolescente
Responsável: BR13.3 - Biblioteca das Faculdades de Odontologia e Nutrição


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Id: biblio-1040159
Autor: Andrade-Mayorga, Omar; Lavados-Romo, Pamela; Valdebenito, Camila; Herrera, Christian L; Carrasco, Carolina; Salazar, Luis A.
Título: Polimorfismo genético ACTN3 R577X en deportistas universitarios chilenos / ACTN3 R577X gene polymorphism in Chilean college athletes
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(4):1493-1497, Dec. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: Dirección de Investigación de la Universidad de La Frontera.
Resumo: Uno de los principales factores genéticos que influenciarían el rendimiento muscular humano es el gen ACTN3, que codifica la proteína estructural del sarcómero α-actinina-3. El polimorfismo R577X (rs1815739) del gen ACTN3 ha sido asociado con varios indicadores de rendimiento muscular y físico en deportistas y población general, pero este fenómeno ha sido escasamente descrito en poblaciones de Latinoamérica y Chile. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la frecuencia genotípica y distribución alélica de los genotipos de ACTN3 R577X en deportistas universitarios chilenos. 129 deportistas universitarios chilenos representantes de diferentes selecciones deportivas (halterofilia, balonmano, voleibol, rugby, basquetbol, futbol y futsal) participaron como voluntarios. Los análisis moleculares del polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 fueron realizados mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) y restricción enzimática (RFLP). La distribución de genotipos del polimorfismo ACTN3 R577X fue RR: 34,8 % (n=45), RX: 50,4 % (n=65), XX: 14,7 % (n=19), y la frecuencia relativa de alelos fue R: 0,601 y X: 0,399. Además, se encontró asociación entre distribución de genotipos (c2= 12,26; 2 gl; p=0,002) y frecuencia relativa de alelos (c2= 11.02; 1 gl; p=0.0009) con el sexo de los participantes. Sin embargo, no hubo asociación al realizar análisis por tipo de deporte practicado. Los hallazgos de la presente investigación sugieren que el polimorfismo R577X del gen ACTN3 está asociado con el sexo en deportistas universitarios chilenos. Además, estos resultados describen de forma inédita la distribución genotípica y frecuencia alélica de esta variante genética en población chilena, mostrando una distribución similar a otros estudios realizados en poblaciones de deportistas en Brasil, Rusia, Estados Unidos y Turquía. No obstante, también muestra diferencias con otras poblaciones generales y de deportistas.

One of the main genetic factors that influence the muscular performance is the gene that encodes the structural protein α-actinin-3 (ACTN3). The R577X polymorphism (rs1815739) of ACTN3 has been associated with indicators of muscle and physical performance in athletes and general population, but this has been scarcely described in the Latin American and Chilean population. Thus, the aim of the present study was to describe the genotypic frequency and allelic distribution of ACTN3 R577X genotypes in college athletes. A total of 129 unrelated Chilean college athletes representing various sport disciplines (weightlifting, handball, volleyball, rugby, basketball, soccer and futsal) were volunteered for the study. ACTN3 R577X gene polymorphism was analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). For the total sample the genotypes distribution for R577X polymorphism was RR: 34.8 % (n=45), RX: 50.4 % (n=65), XX: 14.7 % (n=19), and the relative frequency of alleles was R: 0,601 and X: 0,399. Moreover, an association was found between genotype distribution (c2= 12.26; 2 df; p=0.002) and allele frequencies (c2= 11.02; 1 df; p=0.0009) with the sex of the participants. However, there were no associations when performing analysis by type of sports. These findings suggest that the R577X polymorphism of the ACTN3 gene is associated with sex in Chilean college athletes. Furthermore, these results describe in an unprecedented manner, the genotypic distribution and allelic frequency of this genetic variant in Chilean population, showing a similar distribution to other studies conducted in populations of athletes in Brazil, Russia, the United States and Turkey. However, it also shows differences with other general and athletes populations.
Descritores: Polimorfismo Genético
Estudantes
Actinas/genética
Atletas
-Universidades
Chile
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1040157
Autor: D'Anastasio, Ruggero; Milivojevic, Andrea; Cilli, Jacopo; Icaro, Iuri; Viciano, Joan.
Título: Anthropometric profiles and somatotypes of female volleyball and beach volleyball players / Perfiles antropométricos y somatotipos de jugadoras de voleibol femenino y voleibol de playa
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(4):1480-1485, Dec. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aim was to compare anthropometric profiles, body composition, and somatotypes of female volleyball players grouped according to player status (National League Divisions) and function. The study assessed 62 volleyball players and 12 beach volleyball players (mean age, 23.58, s = 7.74 years). Anthropometric measures included height, body mass, body circumferences and diameters, adipose skinfold thickness. Data processing using a dietetic software package provided body mass index, fat mass percentage, arm muscular area, thigh muscular area, and somatotype. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Statistics version 22. Division B volleyball players were taller than those in Division C (169.19, s = 6.68 cm vs. 165.40, s = 6.19 cm; P <0.05), but showed lower arm muscular area (34.77, s = 3.57 cm2 vs. 40.06, s = 7.27 cm2; p <0.05) and mesomorphy (3.40, s = 1.21 vs. 4.84, s = 2.10; P <0.05). For player functions, blockers were the tallest (172.38, s = 4.18 cm; P <0.05) and showed the highest ectomorphy (3.08, s = 1.02; P <0.05), setters showed the highest fat mass percentage (26.38 %, s = 2.99 %: P <0.05), and 'liberos' showed a more compact mesomorphy (5.46, s = 2.13) and low ectomorphy (1.58, s = 0.90). The anthropometric data showed few significant differences between the volleyball Divisions, suggesting that promotion up the Divisions is due to technical ability rather than physical qualities. The anthropometric profiles of the players varied according to their functions within their volleyball team.

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los perfiles antropométricos, la composición corporal y los somatotipos de jugadoras de voleibol agrupadas según el estado de jugador (División de la Liga Nacional) y la función. El estudio evaluó 62 jugadoras de voleibol y 12 jugadoras de voleibol de playa (edad media, 23,58, s = 7,74 años). Las medidas antropométricas incluyeron altura, masa corporal, circunferencias y diámetros corporales, y grosor del pliegue cutáneo adiposo. Los datos se analizaron mediante un software proporcionando el índice de masa corporal, el porcentaje de masa grasa, el área muscular del brazo, el área muscular del muslo y el somatotipo. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el software SPSS Statistics versión 22. Las jugadoras de voleibol de la División B eran más altas que las de la División C (169,19, s = 6,68 cm vs. 165,40, s = 6,19 cm; P <0,05), pero mostraron una zona muscular del brazo inferior (34,77, s = 3,57 cm2 vs. 40,06, s = 7,27 cm2; p <0,05) y mesomorfia (3,40, s = 1,21 vs. 4,84, s = 2,10; P <0,05). Para las funciones del jugador, las bloqueadoras fueron las más altas (172,38, s = 4,18 cm; p <0,05) y mostraron la ectomorfia más alta (3,08, s = 1,02; p <0,05), las colocadoras mostraron el mayor porcentaje de masa grasa (26,38 %, s = 2,99 %: p <0,05), y los "liberos" mostraron una mesomorfia más compacta (5,46, s = 2,13) y ectomorfia baja (1,58, s = 0,90). Los datos antropométricos mostraron pocas diferencias significativas entre las divisiones de voleibol, lo que sugiere que la promoción de las divisiones se debe a la capacidad técnica más que a las cualidades físicas. Los perfiles antropométricos de las jugadoras variaron según sus funciones dentro de su equipo de voleibol.
Descritores: Somatotipos
Composição Corporal
Voleibol
Atletas
-Antropometria
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-789064
Autor: Santos, Daniel dos; Silveira, Jacqueline Queiroz da; Cesar, Thais Borges.
Título: Nutritional intake and overall diet quality of female soccer players before the competition period / Ingestão nutricional e qualidade global da dieta de jogadoras de futebol antes do período de competição
Fonte: Rev. Nutr. (Online);29(4):555-565, July-Aug. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the dietary intake and overall diet quality of female soccer players before the competitive games. Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study included 21 women aged 20.8±4.5 years from a professional soccer team. Their nutritional status and dietary adequacy during the training period, before competition season, were assessed. Dietary intake was assessed by three 24-hour recalls, one food frequency questionnaire, and the Healthy Eating Index, an overall diet quality index based on food group intake. Results: The athletes have shown proper nutritional status, but a diet deficient in energy due largely to low carbohydrate intake. On the other hand, the intakes of protein, fatty acids, and sodium were above the recommended intakes, even for athletes. Diet quality assessment by the Healthy Eating Index - 2010 resulted in a mean score of 54.6 points of a maximum of 100, indicating a need of improving the overall diet quality. Conclusion: The study found that the dietary patterns of female football players were both quantitatively and qualitatively inappropriate. A nutritional intervention is indicated to improve diet quality, with the inclusion of various foods, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and better protein quality, along with a reduction in saturated fats, sodium, and added sugar.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a ingestão alimentar e a qualidade nutricional global da dieta de jogadoras de futebol antes dos jogos competitivos. Métodos: Estudo descritivo transversal realizado com 21 mulheres, de 20,8±4,5 anos de idade, de uma equipe de futebol profissional. Elas foram avaliadas em relação ao seu estado nutricional e adequação da dieta durante o período de treinamento, antes da temporada de competição. A ingestão alimentar foi avaliada por três recordatórios de 24 horas, um questionário de frequência alimentar e pelo Índice de Alimentação Saudável (2010), um índice de qualidade global da dieta baseada no consumo de grupos de alimentos. Resultados: Verificou-se que as atletas apresentavam estado nutricional adequado, mas tinham uma dieta deficiente em energia devido, em grande parte, à ingestão insuficiente de carboidratos. Por outro lado, o consumo de proteínas, ácidos gordos e de sódio estavam acima da recomendação, mesmo para atletas. A avaliação da qualidade da dieta pelo Índice de Alimentação Saudável (2010) mostrou uma pontuação média de 54,6 de 100, exibindo a necessidade de melhoria da qualidade da dieta. Conclusão: O estudo mostrou padrões alimentares inadequados, tanto quantitativa como qualitativamente, em jogadoras de futebol. A intervenção nutricional é indicada para melhorar a qualidade da dieta com a inclusão de vários itens alimentares, como cereais integrais, frutas, legumes, produtos lácteos e melhor qualidade de proteínas, acompanhado de redução de gorduras saturadas, sódio e açúcar.
Descritores: Futebol/estatística & dados numéricos
Consumo de Alimentos
Avaliação Nutricional
Atletas/estatística & dados numéricos
Dieta Saudável/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Seres Humanos
Feminino
Adulto
Responsável: BR13.3 - Biblioteca das Faculdades de Odontologia e Nutrição


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Id: lil-764131
Autor: Hewett, Timothy E; Roewer, Benjamin; Ford, Kevin; Myer, Greg.
Título: Multicenter trial of motion analysis for injury risk prediction: lessons learned from prospective longitudinal large cohort combined biomechanical - epidemiological studies
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):398-409, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACTOur biodynamics laboratory group has conducted large cohort biomechanical-epidemiological studies targeted at identifying the complex interactions among biomechanical, biological, hormonal, and psychosocial factors that lead to increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. The findings from our studies have revealed highly sensitive and specific predictors for ACL injury. Despite the high incidence of ACL injuries among young athletes, larger cohorts are needed to reveal the underlying mechanistic causes of increased risk for ACL injury. In the current study, we have outlined key factors that contribute to the overall success of multicenter, biomechanical-epidemiological investigations designed to test a larger number of athletes who otherwise could not be recruited, screened, or tested at a single institution. Twenty-five female volleyball players were recruited from a single high school team and tested at three biodynamics laboratories. All athletes underwent three-dimensional motion capture analysis of a drop vertical jump task. Kinematic and kinetic variables were compared within and among laboratories. Reliability of peak kinematic variables was consistently rated good-to-excellent. Reliability of peak kinetic variables was consistently rated goodto-excellent within sites, but greater variability was observed between sites. Variables measured in the sagittal plane were typically more reliable than variables measured in the coronal and transverse planes. This study documents the reliability of biomechanical variables that are key to identification of ACL injury mechanisms and of athletes at high risk. These findings indicate the feasibility of executing multicenter, biomechanical investigations that can yield more robust, reliable, and generalizable findings across larger cohorts of athletes.
Descritores: Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior
Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia
-Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Estudos Prospectivos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Atletas
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-764124
Autor: Cools, Ann M; Johansson, Fredrik R; Borms, Dorien; Maenhout, Annelies.
Título: Prevention of shoulder injuries in overhead athletes: a science-based approach
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(5):331-339, Sept.-Oct. 2015. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The shoulder is at high risk for injury during overhead sports, in particular in throwing or hitting activities, such as baseball, tennis, handball, and volleyball. In order to create a scientific basis for the prevention of recurrent injuries in overhead athletes, four steps need to be undertaken: (1) risk factors for injury and re-injury need to be defined; (2) established risk factors may be used as return-to-play criteria, with cut-off values based on normative databases; (3) these variables need to be measured using reliable, valid assessment tools and procedures; and (4) preventative training programs need to be designed and implemented into the training program of the athlete in order to prevent re-injury. In general, three risk factors have been defined that may form the basis for recommendations for the prevention of recurrent injury and return to play after injury: glenohumeral internal-rotation deficit (GIRD); rotator cuff strength, in particular the strength of the external rotators; and scapular dyskinesis, in particular scapular position and strength.
Descritores: Traumatismos em Atletas/prevenção & controle
Articulação do Ombro/fisiologia
Manguito Rotador/fisiopatologia
Força Muscular/fisiologia
Lesões do Ombro/prevenção & controle
-Traumatismos em Atletas/fisiopatologia
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Atletas
Lesões do Ombro/fisiopatologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-565105
Autor: Bara Filho, Maurício Gattás; Nogueira, Ruan Alves; Andrade, Francine Caetano de; Fernandes, Jone Loures; Ferreira, Clécio.
Título: Adaptação e validação da versão brasileira do questionário de overtraining / Adaptation and validation of the overtraining questionnaire brazilian version
Fonte: HU rev;36(1), jan.-mar. 2010.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O Overtraining é caracterizado pelo desequilíbrio entre estresse e recuperação. Dentre os métodos utilizados para avaliá-lo, pode-se mencionar o questionnaire standardisé de surentraînement, de origem francesa. A fim de possibilitar a utilização deste instrumento com atletas brasileiros, este estudo tem como objetivo adaptar e validar preliminarmente o questionário da língua francesa para a portuguesa. Para isto, o instrumento foi inicialmente traduzido do francês ao português e novamente para o idioma de origem, de acordo com o procedimentoparallel translation back - translation para avaliar possíveis erros de compatibilidade no idioma. Posteriormente, a versão brasileira foi aplicada em 222 atletas de modalidades esportivas competitivas (25,35 ± 9,93 anos). Para a análise dos dados, foram realizadas análise fatorial categórica (CatPCA) do questionário oficial com 54 questões e da versão reduzida com 29, verificação dos construtos, análise de confiabilidade (ou consistência) para cada fator e análise da estabilidade temporal a partir da correlação teste/reteste. O questionário apresenta dois construtos latentes e o valor do alpha de Cronbach da versão reduzida é satisfatório (alpha = 0,88), apresentando maior consistência que a versão original. Pode-se concluir que o instrumento encontra-se devidamente adaptado, com 29 questões, e, preliminarmente, validado para a população brasileira, denominando-se, a partir deste estudo, de "Questionário do Overtraining".

Overtraining occurs due to an imbalance between stress and recovery. Among the methods used to evaluate it, the Questionnaire standardisé de surentraînement can be mentioned. This study aims to adapt and to validatethe French questionnaire to a Portuguese version. The instrument was translated from French to Portuguese and then back to the original language using the parallel translation- back - translation method. Afterwards, the Brazilian version was applied in 222 athletes (age = 25.35 ± 9.93). To data analysis, it was used the categorical factorial analysis (CatPCA) of the original instrument (54 questions) and of the short version (29 questions), constructs validation, consistency analysis for each factor and temporal stability using a test?retest correlation. The questionnaire presents two latent constructs and the short version Cronbach Alpha was satisfactory (alpha = 0,88), even greater than the original version. It can be concluded that the short version of the instrument is adequately adapted and, preliminarily, validated to the Brazilian population, being named "Questionário do Overtraining".
Descritores: Psicofisiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
-Educação Física e Treinamento
Atletas
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR378.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1034732
Autor: Hernández Martínez, Blanca Estela; Caballero Lambert, Ana Olivia; Estrada Salas, Ana Karen; Guevara Sanginés, Martha Leticia; Orozco Méndez, Judith.
Título: Nutrición y rendimiento en atletas con discapacidad intelectualy conocimientos de sus cuidadores / Nutrition and physical performance in athletes with intellectual disability and knowledge level of their caregivers
Fonte: Rev. enferm. neurol;12(3):141-146, sep.-dic.-2013.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introduction: It has been proven that the population with intellectual disability presents health and nutrition risk factors; however, there are only a few studies that characterize this problematic situation. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the food consumption, nutritional diagnosis, physical performance and hydration status of 179 athletes with intellectual disability affiliated to the Guanajuato Special Olympics, from nine cities, as well as the knowledge level and hydration habits of parents or caregivers. Methodology: A descriptive, prospective and transversal study has been con ducted. Food consumption was obtained through a validated semi-quantitative questionnaire; the nutrition diagnosis was determined by anthropometric parameters; physical performance was evaluated by the tests DIDEFI®; the hydration status was calculated by urinary density using a refractometer; and the knowledge level, hydration and nutrition habits of the caregivers were assessed by two validated questionnaires. Results: The age group 11 to 20 years has the highest calorie and macronutrient ingestion. In relation to the nutritional status: 43.6% is overweight in some degree and 4.5% underweight. A tendency was found in the physical tests to monotonic growth in hand strength and abdominals per minute, a parabolic tendency in horizontal jump and a random representation in trunk flexion. 56.42% of the athletes presented dehydration. Regarding the parents/caregivers, their average knowledge was higher than their grade in the hydration habits questionnaire, with a significant statistics difference. Conclusions: The athletes with intellectual disabilities must be considered as a risk group because of factors such as alterations in weight and dehydration, as well as their parents'/caregivers' lack of knowledge in nutrition and hydration, which could risk their health and physical performance.
Descritores: Atletas
Nutrição em Saúde Pública/educação
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Clássico
Responsável: MX380.1 - Coordianción de Investigación en Enfermería



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