Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : M01.159 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1284316
Autor: GeoHazards International.
Título: Towards a safer Bajhang.
Fonte: California; GeoHazards International; Dec. 21, 2018. 41 p.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The pages that follow present an earthquake scenario for the district of Bajhang, Nepal. It tells the story of three people, and what happens to them and their families during a plausible but hypothetical earthquake. This is not a prediction. This story, and the study upon which it is based, are intended as an example of what may happen if a major earthquake strikes Bajhang in the near future. Bajhang will always face a risk of earthquakes. The Main Himalayan Thrust fault, which underlies much of Nepal, is the source for potentially very damaging earthquakes. The last very large earthquake in this region occurred in BS 1562 / 1505 AD. 1 Another earthquake could occur any time, because strain has been increasing on the fault ever since. This scenario shows the consequences of such an event, and the knowledge can be used to plan for safer outcomes. The story incorporates insights from professionals around the world who study earthquake effects, research on historic earthquakes, and documented experiences from the 2015 Gorkha earthquake. The consequences are based on standard methods that engineers and scientists use to estimate the shaking, damage and human impact a given earthquake may cause. The scenario earthquake strikes on a weekday in May at 1:35 PM. Across the district, adults are working, and children are on recess at school. Measuring magnitude 7.8, the earthquake originates approximately 100 kilometers northwest of Jayaprithivi on the Main Himalayan Thrust fault. It is not the worst earthquake that could happen, but it causes serious losses and suffering. Shaking throughout Bajhang and most of Sudurpashchim Pradesh is very strong, causing the consequences explained in this narrative: casualties, damaged buildings, landslides, fire, isolation, loss of power and water, and economic hardship.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Efeitos de Desastres nas Edificações
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
-Nepal
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284313
Autor: Organización Panamericana de la Salud.
Título: Haiti earthquake: situation report 4 - 23 August 2021.
Fonte: Washington; OPS; Aug. 23, 2021. 6 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: As a result of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake on August 14, 2021, according to Haiti's Civil Protection agency (DGPC), 2,207 people have died, 12,268 people were injured, and 320 are missing. In the most affected departments ­ Sud, Grand'Anse and Nippes ­ around 53,000 houses were destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. Rapid assessments reported 59 health facilities affected in Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud Departments: 27 severely damaged and 32 slightly damaged. In the affected departments, health sector evaluators are carrying out assessments to gather data on injured patients (hospitalizations, types of injuries and demographics) and the degree of damage to health facilities and needs. Logistics and security challenges continue limiting the delivery of supplies, deployment of personnel to affected areas and the transfer of patients to hospitals that are not overwhelmed. Health sector needs include: medical personnel, medicines, supplies and stock management, mental health and psychosocial support initiatives, implementation of preventive and control measures for communicable diseases, WASH operations in health facilities and shelters, rehabilitation of injured patients, among others
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos/mortalidade
Desastres Naturais/mortalidade
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284312
Autor: Organización Panamericana de la Salud.
Título: Guía de campo: equipo regional de respuesta a desastres de la OPS/OMS / Field guide: PAHO/WHO regional disaster response team.
Fonte: Panamá; OPS; 2009. 68 p. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Esta guía práctica, contenida en una carpeta, describe los procedimientos para la activación del Equipo Regional de Respuesta de la OPS/OMS, sus objetivos y responsabilidades en las diferentes etapas de una emergencia, brinda orientaciones para la movilización de recursos y facilita herramientas para el trabajo de campo. Además, contiene formularios de evaluación y listas de verificación en áreas tales como servicios de salud, albergues, agua y saneamiento, vigilancia epidemiológica, evaluación de daños y análisis de necesidades, salud mental, entre otros. Los formularios han sido diseñados para el registro cualitativo y cuantitativo de información que permita analizar las necesidades del sector salud para la toma de decisiones, que ayuden a dar respuesta rápida y eficiente a las víctimas de los desastres. La carpeta también incluye un cuadernillo con copias adicionales de los formularios de evaluación, con el fin de que puedan ser arrancadas y utilizadas en campo para la recopilación de datos. También se pueden obtener copias del CD-ROM incluido en la carpeta.
Descritores: Organização Pan-Americana da Saúde
Características de Avaliação de Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Equipe de Respostas Rápidas de Hospitais/organização & administração
-Análise por Conglomerados
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284294
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Flash appeal Haiti: earthquake - August 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 38 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: On 14 August at 8:30 am local time, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the south-western coast of Haiti causing large-scale damage across the country's southern peninsula. The powerful 10 km deep earthquake occurred 13km southeast of Petit-Troude-Nippes, in the department of Nippes, the same region devastated by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Only two days after the quake, Tropical Depression Grace dumped extremely heavy rains in southern Haiti, causing flooding in the same quake-affected areas. Despite being much less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake which left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, the impact of the 14 August earthquake has been devastating. According to the latest reports issued by the Haitian Civil Protection on 21 August, the death toll has now surpassed 2,200 with more than 12,200 people injured. Almost 53,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 77,000 have sustained damage. About 800,000 people have been affected and an estimated 650,000 people ­ 40 per cent of the 1.6 million people living in the affected departments ­ are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. The back-to-back disasters are exacerbating preexisting vulnerabilities. At the time of the disaster, Haiti is still reeling from the 7 July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and still facing an escalation in gang violence since June that has affected 1.5 million people, with at least 19,000 displaced in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The compounded effects of an ongoing political crisis, socio-economic challenges, food insecurity and gang violence continue to greatly worsen an already precarious humanitarian situation. Some 4.4 million people, or nearly 46 per cent of the population, face acute food insecurity, including 1.2 million who are in emergency levels (IPC 4) and 3.2 million people at crisis levels (IPC Phase 3). An estimated 217,000 children suffer from moderateto-severe acute malnutrition.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284293
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Flash appeal summary: Haiti earthquake.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 2 p. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Humanitarian needs are rapidly growing in the aftermath of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck south-west Haiti on 14 August 2021, badly affecting the departments of Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud. The earthquake's devastating impact, while considered less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake that left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, was later compounded with heavy rains from tropical depression Grace on 17 August. Overall, official reports indicate more than 2,200 deaths and more than 12,000 people injured. The consecutive impacts damaged or destroyed more than 130,000 homes, rendering thousands homeless and in urgent need of assistance.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres/economia
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284292
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Flash appeal Haiti - 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; aout 2021. 41 p.
Idioma: fr.
Resumo: Le 14 août à 8h30, heure locale, un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a frappé la côte sud-ouest d'Haïti, causant des dommages à grande échelle dans toute la péninsule sud du pays. Le puissant séisme de 10 km de profondeur s'est produit à 13 km au sud-est de PetitTrou- de-Nippes, dans le département des Nippes, une région déjà dévastée par l'ouragan Matthew en 2016. Deux jours seulement après le séisme, la dépression tropicale Grace a déversé des pluies extrêmement fortes dans le sud d'Haïti, provoquant des inondations dans les mêmes zones touchées par le séisme.
Descritores: Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284291
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Haiti: earthquake situation. Report nº 2 - 26 August 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; Aug. 26, 2021. 13 p.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Nearly two weeks after a 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked south-western Haiti, humanitarian assistance has begun reaching some of the hardest-to-reach areas, where the most vulnerable are still unable to meet their urgent need for food, basic sanitation and hygiene and life-saving health services. In some remote rural areas, response personnel and relief supplies have yet to reach those most in need. The compounded impacts of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have greatly exacerbated pre-existing needs. The UN System in Haiti estimates 650,000 people are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, a concerning figure considering that 634,000 people across the three most affected departments ­ Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud ­ already needed multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance before the quake. As of the latest updates issued on 25 August, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reported 2,207 deaths,12,268 injured and 320 missing. By 22 August, search-and-rescue crews had extracted 24 missing people from the rubble, including 4 children, who were airlifted to Camp-Perrin to receive emergency medical assistance. In the Sud Department, aftershocks continue almost two weeks after the initial quake on 14 August, creating widespread panic among the affected population. Some people whose homes are still standing in affected areas are choosing to sleep in the streets in fear that the structures may collapse at any moment.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1284289
Autor: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
Título: Haïti: tremblement de terre. Rapport de Situation nº 1 - 22 aout 2021 / Haiti: earthquake. Situation Report n ° 1 - August 22, 2021.
Fonte: New York; OCHA; aout 22, 2021. 16 p.
Idioma: fr.
Resumo: Après qu'un puissant séisme de magnitude 7,2 et une dépression tropicale aient frappé Haïti les 14 et 17 août derniers, ne faisant qu'aggraver la misère et le dénuement causés par une intensification des déplacements liés aux gangs, une insécurité alimentaire chronique et des chocs climatiques récurrents, les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement, dépassant la vitesse à laquelle les autorités nationales et les partenaires humanitaires peuvent atteindre les populations touchées. Le passage de la dépression tropicale Grace n'a fait qu'aggraver les conditions sur le terrain après le tremblement de terre, en déversant des pluies extrêmement fortes dans les mêmes régions du sud du pays qui ont subi l'impact du tremblement de terre quelques jours plus tôt et en retardant le déploiement rapide des évaluations sectorielles et l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire vitale. Alors que le département du Sud-Est a été largement épargné par les conséquences du séisme dévastateur, les pluies diluviennes de Grace ont déclenché des inondations dans le département qui ont touché des centaines de foyers, générant des besoins concurrents issus de crises qui se superposent. Au 21 août, le bilan s'élevait à 2 207 morts, 12 268 blessés et 344 disparus. Ces chiffres augmentent d'heure en heure, car les équipes de recherche et de sauvetage ont de plus en plus de mal à trouver des survivants. Alors que le nombre de personnes gravement blessées ne cesse d'augmenter, la capacité de réaction du système de santé, déjà limitée, est de plus en plus mise à l'épreuve. Beaucoup de celles et ceux qui ont eu la chance de s'en sortir vivants se retrouvent maintenant sans abri, sans accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement, et plus exposés aux violences et aux abus, y compris aux violences basées sur le genre (VBG), car l'environnement de protection reste précaire. Selon la Direction générale de la protection civile (DGPC), 650 000 personnes ont besoin d'une aide humanitaire d'urgence dans les trois départements les plus touchés (Sud, Grand'Anse et Nippes). L'agriculture et les moyens de subsistance qui y sont liés ont été durement frappés dans les zones sinistrées, ce qui risque d'aggraver la sécurité alimentaire dans un pays où 4,4 millions de personnes, soit près de 40 % de la population, souffraient déjà d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Certaines des zones les plus touchées, comme le département des Nippes, ont déjà été confrontées aux conséquences négatives des sécheresses cycliques et de l'érosion des sols ces dernières années, ce qui a probablement poussé de nombreuses personnes à recourir à des mécanismes d'adaptation négatifs, car elles n'ont pas la capacité de faire face à la dernière crise.
Descritores: Socorro em Desastres
Vítimas de Desastres
Terremotos
Desastres Naturais
-Haiti
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1140031
Autor: Ryanne Ferraz de Menezes, Roberto; Corrêa, Cristiano; Rêgo e Silva, José Jéferson; Ancelmo Pires, Tiago.
Título: "Among dead and wounded": mapping, characterization and analysis of fires with victims in Recife's metropolitan zone / "Entre mortos e feridos": mapeamento, caracterização e análise dos incêndios com vítimas na região metropolitana do Recife / "Entre muertos y heridos": cartografía, caracterización y análisis de los incendios con víctimas en la zona metropolitana de Recife
Fonte: Rev. baiana saúde pública;43(1), 2019.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This article presents the mapping and analysis of fires with dead and wounded people in the Metropolitan Region of Recife (MRR) served by the Firefighters Department from 2013 to 2016. There was an average rate of 1 death per million inhabitants, similar to countries such as Singapore and Vietnam. The weighted number of fires per wounded or dead person results in rates of 0.5 and 1.7 per 100 recorded fires, respectively. These numbers are concerning, especially when compared to rates from other regions in the world. The victims of fires in MRR were shown to generally not be a perceivable problem in terms of common sense, yet they are real and require accurate analysis and effective measures.

Este artigo apresenta o mapeamento e a análise de incêndios com mortes e feridos na Região Metropolitana do Recife ­ RMR, atendidos pelo Corpo de Bombeiros, no período de 2013 a 2016. Verificou-se uma taxa média de 1 morte por milhão de habitantes, semelhante a países como Singapura e Vietnam. Quando se pondera a quantidade de incêndios para que haja um ferido ou morto, as taxas se apresentam respectivamente em 0,5 e 1,7 por 100 incêndios registrados ­ sendo estes números preocupantes, principalmente quando comparados com taxas de outras regiões no mundo. Conclui-se que as vítimas de incêndios na Região (RMR) são um problema silente ao senso comum, mas real e que exige análise acurada e providências efetivas.

Este artículo presenta la cartografía y análisis de incendios con muertes y heridos en la Zona Metropolitana de Recife (ZMR), atendidos por el Cuerpo de Bomberos, en el período de 2013 a 2016. Se ha verificado un promedio de 1 muerte por millón de habitantes, semejante a países como Singapur y Vietnam. Cuando se examina la cantidad de incendios para que haya un herido o muerto, los promedios se presentan respectivamente de 0,5 y 1,7 por 100 incendios registrados, lo cual es preocupante, principalmente en comparación con los promedios de otras regiones del mundo. Se concluye que las víctimas de incendios en la ZMR son un problema silencioso y real, lo que exige un análisis cuidadoso y diligencias efectivas.
Descritores: Edifícios
Vítimas de Desastres
Morte
Incêndios
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR15.1 - Biblioteca de Ciências Biomédicas


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Id: biblio-871180
Autor: Torres Palomino, Ernesto.
Título: Conocimiento de enfermeras sobre triaje en víctimas por desastres en la Unidad de Emergencia General del Hospital de Apoyo San Francisco. Ayacucho, 2013 / Knowledge of the nurses about triage in disaster victims in the General Emergency Unit at the Hospital Support San Francisco. Ayacucho, 2013.
Fonte: Lima; s.n; 2015. 56 p.
Idioma: es.
Tese: Apresentada a Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Facultad de Medicina para obtenção do grau de Especialista.
Descritores: Emergências em Desastres
Enfermagem em Emergência
Serviços Médicos de Emergência
Triagem
Vítimas de Desastres
-Estudos Transversais
Responsável: PE13.1 - Oficina de Biblioteca, Hemeroteca y Centro de Documentación
PE13.1; EE, WY, 154.2, T73, ej.1. 010000100662; PE13.1; EE, WY, 154.2, T73, ej.2. 010000100663



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