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Pesquisa : SP4.021.202.133.719.700 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1051261
Autor: Massoud, Ramona; Hadiani, Mohammad Rasoul; Hamzehlou, Pegah; Khosravi-Darani, Kianoush.
Título: Bioremediation of heavy metals in food industry: application of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;37:56-60, Jan. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.
Resumo: Heavy metals are natural elements in the Earth's crust that can enter human food through industrial or agricultural processing, in the form of fertilizers and pesticides. These elements are not biodegradable. Some heavy metals are known as pollutants and are toxic, and their bioaccumulation in plant and animal tissues can cause undesirable effects for humans; therefore, their amount in water and food should always be under control. The aim of this study is to investigate the conditions for the bioremediation of heavy metals in foods. Various physical, chemical, and biological methods have been used to reduce the heavy metal content in the environment. During the last decades, bioremediation methods using plants and microorganisms have created interest to researchers for their advantages such as being more specific and environmentally friendly. The main pollutant elements in foods and beverages are lead, cadmium, arsenic, and mercury, which have their own permissible limits. Among the microorganisms that are capable of bioremediation of heavy metals, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an interesting choice for its special characteristics and being safe for humans, which make it quite common and useful in the food industry. Its mass production as the byproduct of the fermentation industry and the low cost of culture media are the other advantages. The ability of this yeast to remove an individual separated element has also been widely investigated. In countries with high heavy metal pollution in wheat, the use of S. cerevisiae is a native solution for overcoming the problem of solution. This article summarizes the main conditions for heavy metal absorption by S. cerevisiae.
Descritores: Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
Biodegradação Ambiental
Indústria Alimentícia
Metais Pesados/metabolismo
-Arsênio
Leveduras
Cádmio
Remoção de Contaminantes
Absorção
Bioacumulação
Chumbo
Mercúrio
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1223226
Autor: Öztürk, Ayten; Bayol, Emel; Abdullah, Meysun I.
Título: Characterization of the biosorption of fast black azo dye K salt by the bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris 51ATA strain
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;46:22-29, jul. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Nigde Ömer Halisdemir University.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: Removal of dyes from wastewater by microorganisms through adsorption, degradation, or accumulation has been investigated. Biological methods used for dye treatment are generally always effective and environmentally friendly. In this study, biosorption of the Fast Black K salt azo dye by the bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris 51ATA was studied spectrophotometrically, at various pH (2­10), temperatures (25°C, 35°C, and 45°C) and dye concentrations (25­400 mg L-1). RESULTS: The bacterial strain showed extremely good dye-removing potential at various dye concentrations. IR studies at different temperatures showed that the dye was adsorbed on the bacterial surface at lower temperatures. Characteristics of the adsorption process were investigated by Scatchard analysis at 25°C and 35°C. Scatchard analysis of the equilibrium binding data for the dye on this bacterium gave rise to linear plots, indicating that the Langmuir model could be applied. The regression coefficients obtained for the dye from the Freundlich and Langmuir models were significant and divergence from the Scatchard plot was observed. CONCLUSION: The adsorption behavior of the dye on this bacterium was expressed by the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms. The adsorption data with respect to various temperatures provided an excellent fit to the Freundlich isotherm. However, when the Langmuir and Temkin isotherm models were applied to these data, a good fit was only obtained for the dye at lower temperatures, thus indicating that the biosorption ability of R. palustris 51ATA is dependent on temperature, pH, and dye concentration.
Descritores: Rodopseudomonas/metabolismo
Compostos de Diazônio/metabolismo
Corantes/metabolismo
-Temperatura
Compostos Azo/análise
Compostos Azo/metabolismo
Remoção de Contaminantes
Adsorção
Corantes/análise
Águas Residuárias
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-882840
Autor: Torres, Carlos; Echeverría, Silvia.
Título: Determinación preliminar de triclosán por espectroscopia UV-Vis en aguas residuales de la ciudad de Guatemala / Preliminary determination of triclosan by UV-Vis spectroscopy in wastewater from Guatemala city
Fonte: Cienc. tecnol. salud;4(1):79-86, 20170600. ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Estimar el grado de remoción de contaminantes emergentes en el proceso de tratamiento de aguas residuales es de importancia para evaluar la efectividad de las técnicas empleadas en la actualidad. El triclosán (TCS) es un agente antimicrobiano sintético de amplio espectro, estudios recientes sugieren que presenta elevado potencial como interruptor endocrino. Se determinó la concentración de TCS en cuatro muestras de aguas residuales obtenidas en diferentes etapas del proceso de tratamiento de aguas en la Planta Piloto para el Tratamiento de Aguas Residuales Ingeniero Arturo Pazos Sosa (IAPS). Las muestras de agua fueron filtradas en membrana, tratadas por adición de TCS estándar y formación de un compuesto complejo coloreado amarillo-café cuya absorbancia a 475 nm fue registrada en un espectrofotómetro Cary® 50 UV-Vis. Se identificó la presencia de TCS en concentraciones por arriba de 200 µg/L en tres diferentes etapas del tratamiento de aguas residuales en la planta piloto IAPS lo que permitió concluir que el grado de remoción de TCS en esta planta de tratamiento de aguas osciló entre 31 y 95% dependiendo de la etapa de tratamiento, sin embargo el agua del efluente de la planta no puede considerarse como potable ya que la concentración de TCS determinada en este estudio sobrepasa por al menos un orden de magnitud de diez los niveles a los cuales no se han reportado efectos adversos hacia organismos vivos.

Estimating the degree of contaminants' removal during wastewater treatment is important to evaluate the effectiveness of the current treatment techniques. Triclosan (TCS) is a synthetic broad spectrum antimicrobial agent and recent investigations suggest that this compound has high potential as endocrine disruptor. The concentration of TCS was measured in four wastewater samples obtained at different processing steps at the Ingeniero Arturo Pazos Sosa (IAPS) pilot plant. The wastewater samples were treated by membrane filtration, standard addition of TCS and the subsequent formation of a brown-yellow colored complex, whose absorbance at 475nm was measured in a Cary 50® UV-Vis spectrophotometer. TCS was found at concentrations over 200 µg/L in three different phases of the wastewater treatment at the IAPS plant. In conclusion, the degree of TCS removal in this plant was between 31 and 95% depending on the treatment stage. However plant effluent cannot be considered potable since the TCS concentration found in this study is at least ten times higher than those at which adverse effects to living organisms have not been detected.
Descritores: Triclosan/análise
Águas Residuárias/toxicidade
-Purificação da Água
Remoção de Contaminantes
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Disruptores Endócrinos/análise
Águas Residuárias
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: GT49.1


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Id: biblio-904645
Autor: Guerrero-Ceballos, Deisy Lorena; Pinta-Melo, Jhonatan; Fernández-Izquierdo, Pablo; Ibargüen-Mondragón, Eduardo; Hidalgo-Bonilla, Sandra Patricia; Burbano-Rosero, Edith Mariela.
Título: Eficiencia en la reducción de Cromo por una bacteria silvestre en un tratamiento tipo Batch utilizando como sustrato agua residual del municipio de Pasto, Colombia / Efficiency in the reduction of chromium by a wild bacterium in a Batch treatment type using residual water substrate from the municipality of Pasto, Colombia
Fonte: Univ. salud;19(1):102-115, mar. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la eficiencia en la reducción de Cromo en un tratamiento tipo Batch, utilizando como sustrato agua residual municipal inoculada con una bacteria silvestre. Materiales y métodos: Se verificó a escala de laboratorio el porcentaje de reducción de Cromo hexavalente de tres bacterias silvestres previamente aisladas de agua residual del Río Pasto (Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens y Paenibacillus sp.); se seleccionó el aislado que presentó mayor porcentaje de reducción de Cr y fue sometido a diferentes tratamientos. El análisis de los resultados se hizo mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: B. thuringiensis, B. amyloliquefaciens, y Paenibacillus sp., presentaron porcentajes de reducción de Cr (VI) de 82,01%; 80,85% y 79,27%, respectivamente. Se determinó que el tercer tratamiento (agua sin esterilizar del Río Pasto con B. thuringiensis) presentó diferencias significativas respecto a los demás (p = 0,0001 α = 0,05), concluyendo que B. thuringiensis reduce en mayor proporción el Cr (VI), los resultados encontrados en esta investigación son promisorios en el campo de la biorremediación de efluentes contaminados con Cromo ya que pueden ser tomados como base para implementar estrategias de biorremediación a gran escala. Conclusión: La bacteria B. thuringiensis presentó alta eficiencia en la reducción de Cromo hexavalente (99,42%), cuando fue implementada en un tratamiento a escala de laboratorio de agua residual sin esterilizar.

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficiency in the reduction of chromium in a Batch treatment type, using municipal residual water substrate inoculated with a wild bacterium. Materials and methods: The reduction percentage of hexavalent chromium of three wild bacteria previously isolated from residual water from the Pasto River was verified at laboratory scale (Bacillus thuringiensis, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Paenibacillus sp.); the isolated that showed the highest percentage of reduction of Cr was selected and was subjected to different treatments. The analysis of results was done using descriptive statistics. Results: B. thuringiensis, B. amyloliquefaciens, and Paenibacillus sp., presented percentages of reduction of Cr (VI) of 82,01%; 80,85% and 79,27%, respectively. It was determined that the third treatment (nonsterile water from the Pasto River with B. thuringiensis) presented significant differences with regard to the other (p = 0.0001 α = 0.05), concluding that B. thuringiensis reduces in greater proportion the Cr (VI). The results found in this research are promising in the field of bioremediation of contaminated effluents with Chrome since they may be taken as the basis for implementing strategies of bioremediation on a large scale. Conclusion: The bacteria B. thuringiensis presented high efficiency in the reduction of hexavalent chromium (99.42%) when implemented in a treatment at laboratory scale of residual nonsterile water.
Descritores: Remoção de Contaminantes
-Biodegradação Ambiental
Metais Pesados
Responsável: CO304.1 - Biblioteca Arturo Aparicio Jaramillo


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Id: biblio-868795
Autor: Márquez A, Antonela; Busnelli G, Ignacio; Duca D, Gladys; Rubio M, Cristina.
Título: Remediación de residuos sólidos contaminados con Cr(vi) por un hongo filamentoso / Remediation of waste contaminated with Cr (VI) by a filamentous fungus
Fonte: Bol. micol. (Valparaiso En linea);30(1):2-9, jun. 2015. ilus, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: La biotecnología ambiental recurre a organismos capaces de reducir los niveles de metales pesados, entre ellos el Cr(VI), contenido en residuos y efluentes agroindustriales. El objetivo del trabajo fue estudiar la biorremediación de un residuo como pulpa de limón contaminada con Cr(VI) y el efecto del metal sobre el crecimiento fúngico. Se utilizaron tres hongos filamentosos como Aspergillus niger; Penicillium expansum y P. islandicum para remediar pulpa de limón (residuo) contaminada con Cr(VI) (50 mg/L) que se realizó en las siguientes condiciones de cultivo: la pulpa se suplementó con urea, 0,006; (NH4) 2SO4, 0,012; KH2PO4,0,003 y KCl, 0,001 g/ g; 105 conidios/g, a pH 2,5, 30°C y 96 h de incubación. Se estudió el efecto tóxico de diferentes concentraciones (5; 10; 20 y 50 mg/L) del metal sobre el desarrollo del hongo de mayor eficiencia de remediación (Ef. por ciento). Aspergillus niger; obtuvo mayor EF. de remediación (97 por ciento) respecto a Penicillium expansum (95 por ciento) y P. islandicum (94 por ciento), del residuo contaminado con 50 mg/L de Cr(VI). Se determinó que la presencia de Cr(VI) y no su concentración estimuló la maduración temprana (48 h) de los conidios (blancos a negros) de A. niger, sin que se observe alteraciones en el micelio con respecto al control (72h), desarrollado en la pulpa sin el metal. En conclusión, A. niger fue más resistente y presentó altas Ef. de remediación de Cr(VI) de residuos sólidos, este proceso es una alternativa a las tecnologías físico-químicas, debido que los microorganismos pueden remover selectivamente diferentes iones de zonas contaminadas.

Environmental biotechnology uses organisms capable of reducing levels of heavy metals, including the Cr (VI), contained in waste and agro-industrial effluents. The objective of this work was to study bioremediation of waste contaminated with Cr(VI) lemon pulp and the effect of the metal on the fungal growth. We used three filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus niger; Penicillium expansum and P. islandicum to remedy pulp from lemon (residue) contaminated with Cr(VI) (50 mg/L) that was conducted in the following conditions of cultivation: the pulp is supplemented with urea, 0.006; (NH4) 2SO4, 0.012; KH2PO4, 0.003 and KCl, 0.001 g / g; 105 conidia/g, at pH 2.5, 30 ° C and 96 h of incubation. We studied the toxic effect of different concentrations (5, 10, 20 and 50 mg/L) of the metal on the development of the fungus increased efficiency of remediation (Ef. percent). Aspergillus niger; obtained greater EF. remediation (97 percent) with respect to Penicillium expansum (95 percent) and P. islandicum (94 percent), 50 mg/L of Cr (VI)-contaminated waste. It was determined that the presence of Cr (VI) and not its concentration stimulated early maturation (48 h) of conidia (white on black) from A. niger, unless you observe alterations in the mycelium as compared to the control (72 h), developed in the pulp without the metal. In conclusion, A. niger was stronger and presented high Ef. remediation of Cr (VI) waste, this process is an alternative to physico-chemical technologies, due to the micro-organisms be removed selectively different ions from contaminated areas.
Descritores: Aspergillus niger/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Biodegradação Ambiental
Cromo/toxicidade
Penicillium/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Resíduos Sólidos/análise
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos
-Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Metais Pesados/toxicidade
Remoção de Contaminantes/métodos
Substâncias Perigosas/toxicidade
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: CL2.1 - Biblioteca de Medicina


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Id: lil-717103
Autor: Infante J, Cherlys; De Arco R, Deniles; Angulo M, Edgardo.
Título: Removal of lead, mercury and nickel using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae / Remoción de plomo, mercurio y níquel utilizando la levadura Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Fonte: Rev. MVZ Córdoba;19(2):4141-4149, May-Aug. 2014. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective. In this study the biomass of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was used to remove lead, mercury and nickel in the form of ions dissolved in water. Materials and methods. Synthetic solutions were prepared containing the three heavy metals, which were put in contact with viable microorganisms at different conditions of pH, temperature, aeration and agitation. Results. Both individual variables and the interaction effects influenced the biosorption process. Throughout the experimental framework it was observed that the biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae removed a higher percentage of lead (86.4%) as compared to mercury and nickel (69.7 and 47.8% respectively). When the pH was set at a value of 5 the effect was positive for all three metals. Conclusions. pH was the variable that had a greater influence on the biosorption of lead on the biomass of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The affinity of the heavy metals for the biomass followed the order Pb>Hg>Ni.

Objetivos. En este estudio se utilizó la biomasa de la levadura Saccharomyces cerevisiae para retener plomo, mercurio y níquel en forma de iones disueltos en agua. Materiales y métodos. Se prepararon soluciones sintéticas que contenían los tres metales pesados, las cuales se pusieron en contacto con el microorganismo en forma viable a diferentes condiciones de pH, temperatura, aireación y agitación. Resultados. Tanto las variables individuales como los efectos de interacción influyeron sobre el proceso de biosorción. A través de todos los experimentos, se observó que la biomasa de Saccharomyces cerevisiae eliminó un mayor porcentaje de plomo (86.4%) en comparación al mercurio y al níquel (69.7 y 47.8% respectivamente). Cuando el pH se fijó en valor de 5, el efecto fue positivo para los tres metales. Conclusiones. El pH fue la variable que tuvo una mayor influencia en la biosorción de plomo sobre la biomasa de Saccharomyces cerevisiae. La afinidad de los metales pesados por la biomasa siguió el orden Pb>Hg>Ni.
Descritores: Biodegradação Ambiental
-Bioacumulação
Biomassa
Remoção de Contaminantes
Metais Pesados
Responsável: CO332 - Facultad de Medicina


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: lil-662206
Autor: Elgueta, Sebastián; Rubilar, Olga; Lima, Nelson; Diez, M. Cristina.
Título: Selection of white-rot fungi to formulate complex and coated pellets for Reactive Orange 165 decolourization
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;15(6):8-8, Nov. 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FONDECYT; . CONICYT.
Resumo: Six strains of white-rot fungi isolated from southern Chile were evaluated for their ergosterol/biomass correlation and ligninolytic potential in solid medium to formulate pellets for Reactive Orange 165 (RO165) decolourization. The fungus Anthracophyllum discolor was selected to formulate complex pellets (fungal mycelium, sawdust, and activated carbon), coated pellets (complex pellet + alginate) and simple pellets (fungal mycelium). The activity of ligninolytic enzymes (laccase, manganese peroxidase, manganese-independent peroxidase, and lignin peroxidase) was evaluated in both the complex and coated pellets in modified Kirk medium, and the morphology of the pellets was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Complex pellets of A. discolor showed a higher enzymatic production mainly MnP (38 U L-1 at day 15) compared to coated and simple pellets. Examinations using SEM showed that both pellets produced a black core that was entrapped by a layer of fungal mycelium. Decolourization of RO165 was demonstrated with all the pellets formulated. However, the highest and fastest decolourization was obtained with complex pellets (100 percent at day 8). Therefore, complex pellets of A. discolor can be used for the biological treatment of wastewater contaminated with RO165.
Descritores: Compostos Azo
Agaricales/enzimologia
Biodegradação Ambiental
Corantes
Lignina
-Remoção de Contaminantes/métodos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-638315
Autor: Taborda O., Gonzalo; Zuluaga R., Viviana; Palomá P., Leonel; Penagos González, Juan Pablo.
Título: Aplicación de métodos electroquímicos en la remoción de materia orgánica en los jugos producto del beneficio del fique: alternativa biotecnológica para mitigar la contaminación en los afluentes hídricos / Application of electrochemical methods in the removal of organic matter in the juices of the benefit of sisal products: biotechnological alternative for mitigating water pollution in the tributaries
Fonte: NOVA publ. cient;9(16), jul.-dic. 2011. ilus, graf.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Esta investigación tuvo como propósito aplicar las tecnologías electroanalíticas, como la electrocoagulación, para la remoción de materia orgánica presente en los jugos del fique con el fin de reducir el impacto ambiental que genera una práctica milenaria y cultural como lo es la extracción de la fibra (cabuya) de la Fourcrea c. En el presente estudio, se evaluó el comportamiento de la demanda química de oxígeno (DQO) a través del proceso electroquímico bajo diferentes parámetros de corriente eléctrica, voltaje y pH para evaluar los parámetros óptimos de operación en el tratamiento de estas aguas residuales, lo cual permitió modelar matemáticamente la respuesta de este proceso y plantear una alternativa para mitigar la contaminación generada en los cuerpos de agua.
Descritores: Remoção de Contaminantes
Eletroquímica
Eletrocoagulação
Meio Ambiente
Resíduos Industriais
Indústria Têxtil
Poluição da Água
-Colômbia
Responsável: CO242.1 - Biblioteca


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: lil-577108
Autor: Panwichian, Saijai; Kantachote, Duangporn; Wittayaweerasak, Banjong; Mallavarapu, Megharaj.
Título: Isolation of purple nonsulfur bacteria for the removal of heavy metals and sodium from contaminated shrimp ponds
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;13(4):3-4, July 2010. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Prince of Songkla University.
Resumo: In order to determine whether waters used for the shrimp cultivation contained toxic levels of heavy metals (HMs) and sodium (Na), analysis was carried out on 31 shrimp ponds in areas of southern Thailand. Purple nonsulfur bacteria (PNB) were also isolated from the same ponds to investigate if they could be used for bioremediation of the above contaminants. The highest HMs concentrations of the sediment samples in mg/kg dry weight were found as follows: 0.75 cadmium (Cd), 62.63 lead (Pb), 34.60 copper (Cu) and 58.50 zinc (Zn). However, all sediment samples met Hong Kong standards for dredged sediment. In contrast, contamination of Cu (9-30 ug/L) and Zn (140-530 ug/L) exceeding the standard guidelines for marine aquatic animal set by the Pollution Control Department, Thailand, were found in 32 and 61 percent of water samples, respectively. Two metal resistant PNB isolates, NW16 and KMS24, were selected from the 120 PNB isolates obtained. Both isolates reduced the levels of HMs by up to 39 percent for Pb, 20 percent for Cu, 7 percent for Cd, 5 percent for Zn and 31 percent for Na from water that contained the highest levels of HMs found and 3 percent NaCl when cultured with either microaerobic-light or aerobic-dark conditions. The isolate NW16 removed a greater percentage of the HMs than the isolate KMS24, but the isolate KMS24 was able to survive better under a greater variety of environmental conditions. Both strains were therefore suitable to use for further investigating their abilities to remediate water contaminated with HMs and Na.
Descritores: Biodegradação Ambiental
Metais Pesados/isolamento & purificação
Metais Pesados/toxicidade
Penaeidae
Rhodospirillaceae/metabolismo
Sódio/isolamento & purificação
Sódio/toxicidade
-Aquicultura
Cádmio
Remoção de Contaminantes
Cobre
Poluição da Água/análise
Salinidade
Zinco
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-549410
Autor: Pacheco, Graziela Jardim; Ciapina, Elisa Mara Prioli; Gomes, Edelvio de Barros; Pereira Junior, Nei.
Título: Biosurfactant production by Rhodococcus erythropolis and its application to oil removal
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;41(3):685-693, Oct. 2010. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The influence of different nutrients on biosurfactant production by Rhodococcus erythropolis was investigated. Increasing the concentration of phosphate buffer from 30 up through 150 mmol/L stimulated an increase in biosurfactant production, which reached a maximum concentration of 285 mg/L in shaken flasks. Statistical analysis showed that glycerol, NaNO3,MgSO4 and yeast extract had significant effects on production. The results were confirmed in a batchwise bioreactor, and semi-growth-associated production was detected. Reduction in the surface tension, which indicates the presence of biosurfactant, reached a value of 38 mN/m at the end of 35 hours. Use of the produced biosurfactant for washing crude oil-contaminated soil showed that 2 and 4 times the critical micellar concentration (CMC) were able to remove 97 and 99 percent of the oil, respectively, after 1 month of impregnation.
Descritores: Arquivos
Biodegradação Ambiental
Indústria Química
Remoção de Contaminantes
Hidrocarbonetos
Petróleo/classificação
Petróleo/efeitos adversos
Rhodococcus/química
-Análise Estatística
Métodos
Toxicidade
Tipo de Publ: Relatório Técnico
Responsável: BR32.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Informação Biomédica



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