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Id: biblio-1093535
Autor: Guedes Díaz, Ramiro; Gómez Castellanos, Roberto; Vega Jiménez, Junior; Arocha Molina, Yuniel; Suárez Díaz, Teresa; Tejeda Cabrera, Yanicet.
Título: Caracterización clínico epidemiológica de pacientes con ébola en un centro de tratamiento de Sierra Leona / Clinical-epidemiological characterization of Ebola disease in patients at a treatment center in Sierra Leone
Fonte: Rev. cuba. med. mil;48(1):e270, ene.-mar. 2019. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: La enfermedad del ébola se dio a conocer por primera vez en 1976, con una letalidad muy elevada en todos los brotes detectados. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica y epidemiológicamente a los pacientes portadores de la enfermedad por el virus del Ébola. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en 424 pacientes ingresados en un centro de tratamiento de ébola en la República de Sierra Leona, África occidental, con el diagnóstico confirmado mediante la técnica de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para virus Ébola, durante el período de noviembre de 2014 hasta marzo de 2015. Resultados: Se muestra que el grupo etario más afectado fue el de 25 a 34 con un 25,9 por ciento. La mayor letalidad se presentó en los pacientes con más de 65 años de edad con un 44,4 por ciento. El síntoma que prevaleció fue la fiebre para un 61,8 por ciento, y el hipo se presentó en el 88,8 por ciento de los fallecidos. Conclusión: Se concluye que la enfermedad no tuvo distinción significativa con el sexo. La mayor letalidad se presentó en las edades geriátricas. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron la fiebre, diarrea y el decaimiento. El hipo fue el signo que más se presentó en los pacientes que fallecieron(AU)

Introduction: Ebola disease was first reported in 1976 with a very high lethality in all outbreaks. Objective: To clinically and epidemiologically characterize the patients carriers of Ebola virus disease. Methods: we conducted an observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study in 424 patients admitted to an Ebola Treatment Center in the Republic of Sierra Leone, West Africa from November 2014 to March 2015. The polymerase chain reaction technique for Ebola virus confirmed the diagnosis. Medical records provided all data. Results: The age group most affected was 25 to 34 (25.9 percent). The highest lethality occurred in those over 65 years of age (44.4 percent ). Fever was the prevailing symptom (61.8 percent) and hiccups occurred in 88.8 percent of the deceased. Conclusion: Clinical manifestations were variable, although fever was the main symptom. Hiccup was a sign of poor prognosis when associated with a higher percentage of mortality. Lethality was high(AU)
Descritores: Surtos de Doenças
Doença pelo Vírus Ebola
Ebolavirus
-Serra Leoa/etnologia
Epidemiologia Descritiva
Estudos Transversais
Estudo Observacional
Limites: Humanos
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: lil-371860
Autor: McDougall, L; Magloire, L; Hospedales, C. J; Tollefson, J. E; Ooms, M; Singh, N. C; White, Franklin M. M.
Título: Attitudes and practices of pesticide users in Saint Lucia, West Indies
Fonte: Bull. Pan Am. Health Organ;27(1):43-51, 1993.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This article reports the results of a Saint Lucia survey, part of a larger program, that was the first to document the prevalence of suboptimal safety practices among vector control and farm workers using pesticides in the English-speaking Caribbean. Among other things, the survey found that many of 130 pesticide users surveyed were unaware that the skin and eyes were important potential routes of absorption. Over a quarter said had felt ill at some point as a result of pesticide use. About half the respondents said they had received more than "introductory" training in safe pesticide use, and most said they always found labels or directions affixed to pesticide containers. However, about half said they never or only sometimes understood the labels, and many of those who said they understood did not always follow the instructions. About a quarter of the smokers said they smoked while using pesticides; about a sixth of the survey subjects said they ate food while using pesticides; and over 60 percent said they never wore protective clothing
Descritores: Saúde do Trabalhador
Uso de Praguicidas
Trabalhadores Rurais
Santa Lúcia
-Serra Leoa
Responsável: US1.1 - HQ Library



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