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Id: biblio-1135576
Autor: Haque, Mainul.
Título: The COVID-19 Pandemic - A Global Public Health Crisis: A Brief Overview Regarding Pharmacological Interventions
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20(supl.1):e0146, 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract WHO reported that viral diseases remain as an international public health concern. Quite a lot of viral outbreaks such as the SARS coronavirus from 2002 to 2003, H1N1 influenza in 2009, and the MERS syndrome coronavirus in 2012, in the last two decades. The recent outburst of COVID-19 disease has to turn out a global public health catastrophe that has a profound consequence on every aspect of human life. Currently, national governments, international health agencies, UN different bodies are working relentlessly to find the best way to save and mitigate our world from the shattering effects of COVID-19. Simultaneously, all related scientists around the planet determinedly made enormous efforts to find the COVID-19 transmission process, clinicopathological issues, diagnostics tools, and prevention policy planning and pharmacological intervention approaches. There are many problems that are not resolved regarding COVID-19, like the virus-host relations and the development and progression of the pandemic, with precise reference to the times when the current pandemic will reach its ultimate level to produce maximum damage. At this moment in time, yet we do not possess and definite and specific treatment options to fight with the COVID-19 viral infectious diseases. Currently, the majority of the scientist is involved in finding a way through drug repurposing. Up to the present time lot of medicines were identified that possess definite antiviral effects against COVID-19 but need to go a long way with well-designed study to obtain the best possible answer. After that, to this point, supportive and preventive remain as the best weapon.
Descritores: Política Pública
Surtos de Doenças
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia
Coronavirus
Vírus da SARS
-Nações Unidas
Organização Mundial da Saúde
Saúde Pública
Doenças Transmissíveis
Malásia/epidemiologia
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1056872
Autor: Dolah, Sharina; Eusufzai, Sumaiya Zabin; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed; Ahmad, Wan Muhamad Amir Wan.
Título: Factors Influencing Oral Health-Related Quality of Life Among Preschool Children in District of Kota Bharu, Malaysia: A Cross-Sectional Study
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e5052, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To assess caries experience and its association with oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children in Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia. Material and Methods: A sample of 169 preschool children of 5-6-year-old at a private preschool in the district of Kota Bharu, Kelantan was participated and were subjected to an oral examination to determine their caries experience by a single calibrated dentist. The parents were responding to self-administered Malay-ECOHIS and their socio-demographic background. Descriptive, Chi-square test and Spearman correlation were done to analyse the data required in this study. Results: Subjects comprised of girls (55.6%) with most parents (39%) had a secondary level of education, and 47.9% of them had a monthly income of RM1000-RM2999. Caries prevalence was 74.6% with a mean (SD) dmft was 5.27(5.22). The impacts on OHRQoL were more prevalent in the family section of Malay-ECOHIS (12.5%; 95%CI: 7.5%-17.5%) than the child section (4.2%; 95%CI: 1.16%-7.24%). Items related to 'felt guilty' (22.5%; 95%CI: 16%-29%) and 'been upset' (20.2%; 95%CI: 14.1%-26.3%) were the frequently reported on the family impact section. In child impact section, the item related to 'pain' (36.7%; 95%CI: 30%-43%) and 'difficulty eating' (20.8%; 95%CI: 14.7%-26.9%) were reported more frequently. Children with caries experience were significantly associated with the impact on family OHRQoL (p<0.05). Conclusion: The presence of dental caries was a significant predictor of poor OHRQoL.
Descritores: Qualidade de Vida
Saúde Bucal
Estudos Transversais
Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle
Malásia/epidemiologia
-Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Pré-Escolar
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Limites: Humanos
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1056875
Autor: Alzwiri, Abdalwhab; Ismail, Hesham Shokry; Patil, Santosh R.
Título: Accuracy of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in the Assessment of Mandibular Molar Furcation Defects
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4853, 2020. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in the assessment of mandibular molar furcation defects. Material and Methods: Thirty patients with furcation defects were selected, oral hygiene instructions, scaling, and root planing with ultrasonic devices and hand instruments and occlusal adjustments were performed. Pre-surgical clinical measurements were carried out at the buccal aspect of the selected mandibular molars. The horizontal furcation measurements were measured with a Nabers Probe starting at the furcation entrance to the greatest horizontal depth. The degree of furcation involvement was graded from 0 to III. Bone loss in the horizontal and vertical direction and the width of the furcation entrance were measured on CBCT and after reflecting the full-thickness flap and debridement of the defects. The data were analyzed using t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The width of furcation entrance in clinical method was 3.27 ± 0.77, while in CBCT method was 3.35 ± 0.71, clinically the vertical bone loss was 3.61±1.09, while in CBCT was 3.57 ± 1.15, horizontal bone loss in clinical method was 5.08 ± 2.21, while in CBCT was 5.11 ± 2.23. No significant difference between the two methods was noted, and a high correlation between the two methods was observed. With regards to the agreement between the two methods of assessment, the width of furcation entrance revealed a difference between the two methods by 0.08 ± 0.21, while vertical bone loss showed difference between the two methods by -0.04 ± 0.19, the horizontal bone loss showed a mean difference between the two methods by 0.03 ± 0.21. Conclusion: CBCT provided high accuracy for the furcation involvement detection and anatomy of surrounding periodontal tissues.
Descritores: Defeitos da Furca
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/instrumentação
Dente Molar
Odontometria/métodos
-Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Aplainamento Radicular
Ajuste Oclusal
Malásia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1056896
Autor: Basir, Nur Amalina Binti Abdul; Rahman, Nor Azlina A; Haque, Mainul.
Título: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Pertussis among a Public University Students in Malaysia
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4993, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To study the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding pertussis among students in a public university in Malaysia. Material and Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study using convenience sampling to recruit 171 respondents. The data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire comprised of four different parts: the socio-demographic data, the knowledge, the attitude and the practice towards the prevention of pertussis. The data were analyzed using correlation, independent t-test, and ANOVA according to the different study objectives and types of data. Results: More than half of the respondents (67.8%) indicated that they had heard about pertussis. The school or university (59.6%) was the most common source of information, followed by Internet (46.2%). The most of the respondents (43.9%) possessed moderate knowledge regarding pertussis and knew that Bordetella pertussis is the causative agent of pertussis (76.0%). A significant positive correlation between knowledge regarding pertussis with age (p=0.023) was observed, however, there was no association between age with attitude and practice (p=0.272 and 0.131, respectively). Gender and marital status did not influence the KAP regarding pertussis; nevertheless, significantly different between different faculties. Conclusion: Students from the Faculty of Medicine had the highest knowledge scores, while the students from the Faculty of Nursing had the most top attitude and practice scores compared to students from another faculty. The students from the public university generally had a good level of KAP regarding pertussis.
Descritores: Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde
Bordetella pertussis
Coqueluche/epidemiologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Malásia/epidemiologia
-Estudos Transversais/métodos
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
Análise de Variância
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1101287
Autor: Qamruddin, Irfan; Khan, Asma Gul; Asif, Fatima Muhmmad; Karim, Meanaz; Nowrin, Shifat A; Shahid, Fazal; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed.
Título: Pain Perception and Rate of Canine Retraction Through Self-Ligating Brackets and Conventional Elastomeric Ligation System: A Split Mouth Study
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e5147, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To evaluate the rate of tooth movement and the pain perception via self-ligating (SL) and conventional elastomeric ligation brackets (CB) system. Material and Methods: This study has been conducted at the Orthodontic Department of Baqai Dental College, Baqai Medical University. The sample size of this study comprised 40 patients, falling between the age of 12-30 years without any sex discrimination. Shapiro-Wilk was used to check the distribution of data. Non-parametric Mann Whitney U test was applied to evaluate the pain associated with SL and CB brackets system. To analysis the canine retraction Wilcoxon test was applied for the comparison of CB and SL brackets system. For all statistical analyses, the p-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Pain level associated with retraction via CB and SL shows significant differences. However, the rate of canine retraction via CB and SL shows no significant differences at stages T0-T1 and T1-T2. However, stage T2-T3 shows a significant difference. Conclusion: As pain during orthodontic treatment is mostly associated with the level of compression of the periodontal ligament, it may be hypothesized that lower frictional forces generate less compression of the periodontal ligament and blood vessels, and so alter the type of pain experienced.
Descritores: Ligamento Periodontal
Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/instrumentação
Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação
Percepção da Dor
Fricção em Ortodontia
-Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Malásia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Adolescente
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1135489
Autor: Manaf, Jasmani Bin Ab; Rahman, Shaifulizan Ab; Haque, Sanjida; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed.
Título: Bacterial Colonization and Dental Implants: A Microbiological Study
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4979, 2020. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To compare colony forming unit (CFU) of oral bacterial from buccal mucosa and lingual buccal tongue among patients with a dental implant and normal oral hygiene individuals without a dental implant. Material and Methods: Twenty-six individuals with a dental implant and twenty-six individuals without dental implants were included in this study. The samples were sent to the laboratory to culture with Brain Heart Infusion Broth (BHI), prepared serial dilution and then spread to the blood agar. CFU was counted when a single layer of bacteria is formed on the blood agar at any dilution level. An independent-T test was used to compare the means different of CFU oral bacterial between control and test groups from buccal mucosa and lingual buccal mucosa, respectively. Results: Buccal mucosa control group (186.19 ± 5.61) and test group (186.65 ± 6.24) (p>0.05). The result from the lingual buccal tongue control group (198.38 ± 6.12) and test group (197.96 ± 6.50) (p>0.05). There was no significant difference between the control group and test group CFU bacterial load. Conclusion: The presence of implants in the oral cavity do not interfere or worsen the oral condition; nevertheless, the effect of implants surrounding oral flora is similar to natural teeth.
Descritores: Higiene Bucal/educação
Bactérias
Implantes Dentários
Materiais Dentários
Mucosa Bucal/patologia
-Língua
Grupos Controle
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Ágar
Carga Bacteriana
Malásia/epidemiologia
Limites: Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1135529
Autor: Rohim, Rabiatul Adawiyah Abdul; Ahmad, Wan Muhamad Amir W; Ismail, Noor Huda; Ghazali, Farah Muna Mohamad; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed.
Título: Modeling the Growth of Bacteria Streptococcus sobrinus Using Exponential Regression
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e5380, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To build an exponential regression model based on parameter estimation. Material and Methods: We developed a simple mathematical model to simulate the growth of bacteria and the exponential growth is often used to model population growth as such cell growth while the exponential decay is portraying a declining or decreases in the size of the population. An exponential regression method was used to fit the data and estimate growth parameter values Streptococcus sobrinus using statistical software SPSS version 20. Results: Based on the results of the parameter estimates, which is constant are 83.039 and b1 is 0.005 while R-square is 0.952. According to the R-Square results obtained, the model is good and appropriate. Conclusion: The model can be used to find the potential biological parameters, which may be able to predict the treatment outcome. This study helps researchers to understand the specific growth rate(s), which can be used to best grow the organism.
Descritores: Bactérias
Análise de Regressão
Streptococcus sobrinus
Estreptococos Viridans
Modelos Teóricos
-Crescimento Exponencial
Malásia/epidemiologia
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1135541
Autor: Siddika, Ayesha; Rahman, Shaifulizn Ab; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed.
Título: Ricketts Cephalometric Analysis for Saudi Population
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e5364, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To evaluate the cephalometric norm for Saudi sample by Ricketts analysis (RA). Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, cephalometric radiographs were taken for 500 samples. The subjects included 250 males and 250 females. The ages of the subjects ranged from 18-30years. The criteria of selection were based on Class I incisor relationship, no skeletal abnormality and no previous orthodontic treatment. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken, traced and digitized by SPSS software, according to RA. An independent t-test was used to test the level of significance between genders. Results: Significant disparities found between Saudi males and females in dental and soft tissue measurements. The result showed that the distal position of the maxillary first molar to pterygoid vertical plane (U6 to Ptv) measurement was highly significantly greater (p<0.001) in Saudi males than females. Lower incisor to A-Pog (L1 to A-Pog) and lower lip to E plane was significantly longer (p<0.05) in Saudi males than females. Other measurements had no significant difference between Saudi males and females. Conclusion: The craniofacial morphology of the Saudi males was different from Saudi females using Ricketts analysis. This study will help the clinicians to diagnosis and treatment planning of orthodontic and orthognathic patients.
Descritores: Radiografia Dentária/instrumentação
Cefalometria/instrumentação
Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos/instrumentação
Incisivo
Dente Molar
-Ortodontia
Medidas, Métodos e Teorias
Estudos Transversais/métodos
Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Malásia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Estudo de Avaliação
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-1135544
Autor: Noor, Nor Farid Mohd; Basri, Rehana; Alam, Mohammad Khursheed; Haque, Sanjida; Hao, Melvin Saw Jian; Talib, Maisarah Abu.
Título: Soft Tissue Cephalometric Measurements Among Malaysian Malays and Chinese
Fonte: Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr;20:e4978, 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Objective: To obtain the standardized values of individuals of Malaysian Malay and Chinese for further relevant research, such as treatment planning and aesthetical considerations. Material and Methods: In this retrospective study, 440 (305 were Malays and 135 were Chinese) standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs of orthodontic patients selected through simple random sampling are profiled using Holdaway's analysis. The independent t-test was used to assess the disparities in race and gender. The significant level was p<0.05. Results: Significant differences were found between the Malays and Chinese in their skeletal profile convexity, superior sulcus depth, inferior sulcus to the H line and nose prominence. Between Malay females and males, there are significant differences in superior sulcus depth, soft tissue subnasale to H line, basic upper lip thickness, upper lip thickness and nose prominence. Between Chinese males and females, there were differences in their skeletal profile convexity, upper lip to H line, basic upper lip thickness and upper lip thickness. Conclusion: The findings demonstrated the difference between standardized norms and the unique profiles of Malaysian Malays and Chinese. There are significant gender disparities in the soft tissue cephalometric measurements among Malaysian Malay and Chinese subjects.
Descritores: Ortodontia
Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/instrumentação
China
Cefalometria/instrumentação
Lábio
Malásia
-Medidas, Métodos e Teorias
Estudos Retrospectivos
Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1264.1 - Biblioteca Setorial Prof Alberto M Campos


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Id: biblio-950777
Autor: Arai, Takaomi; Amalina, Razikin; Bachok, Zainudin.
Título: Fatty acid composition indicating diverse habitat use in coral reef fishes in the Malaysian South China Sea
Fonte: Biol. Res;48:1-5, 2015. map, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Higher nstitution Centre of Excellence; . Institute of Oceanography and Environment.
Resumo: BACKGROUND: In order to understand feeding ecology and habitat use of coral reef fish, fatty acid composition was examined in five coral reef fishes, Thalassoma lunare, Lutjanus lutjanus, Abudefduf bengalensis, Scarus rivulatus and Scolopsis affinis collected in the Bidong Island of Malaysian South China Sea. RESULTS: Proportions of saturated fatty acids (SAFA) ranged 57.2% 74.2%, with the highest proportions in fatty acids, the second highest was monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) ranged from 21.4% to 39.0% and the proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) was the lowest ranged from 2.8% to 14.1%. Each fatty acid composition differed among fishes, suggesting diverse feeding ecology, habitat use and migration during the fishes' life history in the coral reef habitats. CONCLUSIONS: Diets of the coral fish species might vary among species in spite of that each species are living sympatrically. Differences in fatty acid profiles might not just be considered with respect to the diets, but might be based on the habitat and migration.
Descritores: Ácidos Graxos/química
Recifes de Corais
Peixes/fisiologia
Fígado/química
-Ecossistema
Ácido Palmítico/análise
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Conteúdo Gastrointestinal/química
Malásia
Limites: Animais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central



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