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Id: lil-767063
Autor: Phadke, Vandana; Makhija, Meena; Singh, Harpreet.
Título: The use of evidence-based practices for the management of shoulder impingement syndrome among Indian physical therapists: a cross-sectional survey
Fonte: Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) = Rev. bras. fisioter;19(6):473-481, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Background: The understanding of the pathomechanics of shoulder impingement has evolved over the years. Likewise, assessment techniques and effective treatment strategies have also been developed. Physical therapists should keep up-to-date on the current evidence. Objective: This study explored the practices currently used by Indian physical therapists for the assessment and management of shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). Method: Using an online questionnaire, therapists were asked to declare the causes, methods of assessment and their choices of physical therapy techniques for the management of SIS. The proportions of therapists using different techniques were analyzed descriptively, and comparisons across gender, experience level, and training were made. Data were analyzed to see if the choices of respondents compared with their responses for etiology. Results: A total of 211 responses were analyzed. Most respondents (>75%) believed that overuse and abnormal motion/posture are the most significant causes of SIS. However, fewer respondents reported assessing posture (60.2%) and dyskinesis, especially in women (24.2%). Ninety-four percent of the respondents reported using exercises, but exercise prescription was rather generic. Therapists additionally trained in the techniques of joint mobilization or taping declared using these techniques more frequently. The use of interferential therapy and ultrasound was reported by 89.5% and 98.4% of respondents, respectively Conclusion: Most therapists declared awareness of current recommended practices, but patient assessment, exercise prescription, and use of electrotherapy modalities were only partially based on current evidence. The study helps to identify gaps in current physical therapy approaches to SIS in India.
Descritores: Modalidades de Fisioterapia
Síndrome de Colisão do Ombro
Índia
-Resultado do Tratamento
Fisioterapeutas
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-975617
Autor: Chitguppi, Chandala; Brar, Tripti.
Título: Do Otolaryngology Patients Show Gender Preference When Choosing a Surgeon? — A Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis
Fonte: Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.);22(4):404-407, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Introduction Otorhinolaryngology has always been considered a gender-neutral specialty, whereas in several other specialties, such as obstetrics, gynecology and urology, gender preference has been consistently shown by patients when choosing their treating surgeon. To date, no study has been performed to analyze whether this practice of gender preference is prevalent in otorhinolaryngology patients too. Objectives To identify if gender preference exists in the field of otorhinolaryngology, specifically in its four subspecialties, namely otology, pediatric otolaryngology, laryngology and head and neck surgery. Methods Patients attending our outpatient department were asked to complete a preformed proforma. The pro forma consisted of two parts, demographic details of the subjects and gender preference in the following subspecialties: otology, pediatric otolaryngology, laryngology and head and neck oncosurgery. Results A total of 1,112 subjects took part in the study, out of which 1,089 subjects were included in the final analysis. Female gender preference was highest in the field of pediatric otolaryngology, while male preference was highest for head and neck oncosurgery. Conclusion Though otorhinolaryngology and head and neck surgery has been considered a gender-neutral field, subspecialties of this field show considerable gender preference.
Descritores: Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos
Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Sexismo
-Otolaringologia
Otorrinolaringopatias/cirurgia
Assistência Centrada no Paciente
Cirurgiões
Índia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-898909
Autor: Nongbri, Sandor Rudy L; Verma, Henu Kumar; Lakkakula, Bhaskar V. K. S; Patra, Pradeep Kumar.
Título: Presence of atypical beta globin (HBB) gene cluster haplotypes in sickle cell anemia patients of India
Fonte: Rev. bras. hematol. hemoter;39(2):180-182, Apr.-June 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Chhattisgarh Council of Science & Technology.
Descritores: Haplótipos
Família Multigênica
Globinas beta
Índia
Anemia Falciforme
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Carta
Responsável: BR408.1 - Biblioteca da Faculdade de Medicina - BFM


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Id: biblio-889185
Autor: Muthukamalam, Santhakumar; Sivagangavathi, Sivalingam; Dhrishya, Dharmapal; Sudha Rani, Sadras.
Título: Characterization of dioxygenases and biosurfactants produced by crude oil degrading soil bacteria
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(4):637-647, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: UGC.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Role of microbes in bioremediation of oil spills has become inevitable owing to their eco friendly nature. This study focused on the isolation and characterization of bacterial strains with superior oil degrading potential from crude-oil contaminated soil. Three such bacterial strains were selected and subsequently identified by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis as Corynebacterium aurimucosum, Acinetobacter baumannii and Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans respectively. The specific activity of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase (C12O) and catechol 2,3 dioxygenase (C23O) was determined in these three strains wherein the activity of C12O was more than that of C23O. Among the three strains, Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans exhibited superior crude oil degrading ability as evidenced by its superior growth rate in crude oil enriched medium and enhanced activity of dioxygenases. Also degradation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in crude oil was higher with Microbacterium hydrocarbonoxydans. The three strains also produced biosurfactants of glycolipid nature as indicated d by biochemical, FTIR and GCMS analysis. These findings emphasize that such bacterial strains with superior oil degrading capacity may find their potential application in bioremediation of oil spills and conservation of marine and soil ecosystem.
Descritores: Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
Tensoativos/metabolismo
Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo
Petróleo/microbiologia
Actinobacteria/metabolismo
Corynebacterium/metabolismo
Acinetobacter baumannii/metabolismo
Dioxigenases/metabolismo
-Filogenia
Microbiologia do Solo
Tensoativos/química
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
Biodegradação Ambiental
Petróleo/análise
Poluição por Petróleo/análise
Actinobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Actinobacteria/enzimologia
Actinobacteria/genética
Corynebacterium/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Corynebacterium/enzimologia
Corynebacterium/genética
Acinetobacter baumannii/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Acinetobacter baumannii/enzimologia
Acinetobacter baumannii/genética
Dioxigenases/genética
Índia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1039053
Autor: Mondal, Chiranjit; Chandra, Amar Kumar.
Título: Goitrogenic/antithyroidal potential of moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera) and spinach (Spinacia oleracea) of Indian origin on thyroid status in male albino rats
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);55:e18005, 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Moringa leaves and spinach used as vegetables containing cyanogens and polyphenols having suspected antithyroidal activity; however, detailed studies in this aspect found unavailable. Goitrogenic/antithyroid potentiality of those plant foods of Indian origin was evaluated. To explore the goitrogenic/antithyroid effect of those plant foods cyanogenic glucosides, glucosinolates, thiocyanate and polyphenol content were measured. These plant foods were fed with diet regularly to adult male albino rats for 30 and 60 days respectively, followed by evaluation of morphological and functional status of thyroid,as thyroid gland weight, the activity status of thyroid hormone synthesizing enzymes viz. TPO, Na+-K+-ATPase, deiodinase I, thyroid hormone profiles, thyroid histoarchitecture as well as urinary iodine and thiocyanate. In moringa leaves and spinach fed diet, there was a significant increase in urinary excretion of thiocyanate and iodine, enlargement of thyroid gland along with hypertrophy of thyroid follicles and altered in the activities of thyroid hormone synthesizing enzymes with concomitant changes of thyroid hormone profiles. Effects were more severe in moringa leaves treated group than that of spinach. Biochemical analysis moringa leaves and spinach reveal that those are rich sources of goitrogens and their prolonged consumption gradually developed a relative state of biochemical and morphological hypothyroidism.
Descritores: Antitireóideos/análise
Moringa oleifera/efeitos adversos
-Spinacia oleracea/efeitos adversos
Hipotireoidismo
Índia/etnologia
Limites: Animais
Masculino
Ratos
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


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Id: biblio-880175
Autor: Telles, Shirley.
Título: Yoga research and therapy in India
Fonte: Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade;7(Suplemento 1):8-8, jun. 2012.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Yoga was originally intended for spiritual growth. However, nowadays there is an increasing trend to use yoga as an add-on-therapy. In India it is believed that all diseases arise as a result of conflict between our instinct and our intellect1. This is also important in using yoga to promote positive health and prevent disease. A number of examples are cited here. Healthy children were given yoga and physical therapy and their physical fitness, cognitive functiones and emotional well being were tested. Yoga improved their emotional well being. Yoga also helped children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (a degenerative disease) by improving their quality of life and mental status2. Again the benefits were ascribed to the mental as well as the physical effects of yoga. Of course yoga has marked benefits in healthy obese adults to prevent diseases by increasing mental well being, reducing stress and improving sleep3. Yoga also reduced anthropometric indices and brought about changes in leptin and adiponectin levels in otherwise healthy adults4a,b. This change too, was believed to be related to mental changes, along with the physical. Finally yoga can help in various disorders in which a person feels pain and distress5a,b. Many of the effects are believed to be due to changes in the functions at the level of the cortex and thalamus6, as well as the autonomic nervous system7. However the mechanisms underlying the effects of yoga need to be explored more thoroughly.
Descritores: Ioga
Ioga/história
Terapias Complementares
Promoção da Saúde
Índia
Responsável: BR408.1 - Biblioteca da Faculdade de Medicina - BFM


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Id: biblio-1019344
Autor: DUSHAD, RAM; MINTU, MATHEW; SAMAKSHA, PASUPALATE BHEEMARAJU; BASAVANA, GOWDAPPA HATHUR.
Título: A study of drug attitude and medication adherence and its relationship with the impact of illness among the mentally ill
Fonte: Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) = Rev. psiquiatr. clín. (São Paulo) = Psiquiatria clínica;46(4):85-88, July-Aug. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Background Impact of illness may vary with the medication adherence which in turn may vary with the attitude towards drugs. There is a paucity of research examining relationships between these variables. Objective To study the levels of drug attitude, adherence and its relationship with the impact of illness. Methods A total of 279 participants with mental illness in remission were assessed with socio-demographic and clinical proforma, scales like Hogan Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI), Impact of Illness Scale (IIS), and Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS) were used. Result Mean score on DAI, IIS, and MMAS were 2.38 (SD = 4.6), 25.88 (SD = 6.6), and 5.04 (SD = 2.2) respectively. On linear regression analysis (R2 = .122, DF = 2, F = 17.598, p < .001) IIS Score was statistically significant but negatively associated with the score of MMAS (p < .05) and DAI (p < .05). Discussion Impact of illness has an inverse relationship with the level of drug attitude and medication adherence. Improving drug attitude and adherence may buffer the impact of illness.
Descritores: Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico
-Estudos Transversais
Perfil de Impacto da Doença
Intervalo Livre de Doença
Índia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: lil-618193
Autor: Rahman, Mafruza S; Sharma, R. K; Borah, P; Chakraborty, A; Devi, Mandakini R. K; Longjam, N.
Título: Characterization of Clostridium perfringens isolated from mammals and birds from Guwahati city, India
Fonte: J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis;18(1):83-87, 2012. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Of the 102 samples collected from mammals and birds, both domestic and captive wild, 48 were found to be positive for Clostridium perfringens. Most of the mammal isolates (84.38%) appeared to have been collected from clinically affected animals, while 33.33% of the bird samples were from clinically affected and 21.43% from apparently healthy birds infected with C. perfringens. Isolates revealed high sensitivity to ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin and norfloxacin. Among the isolated C. perfringens, 30 (62.50%) showed DNase production. Hemolytic activity was recorded in 14 (24.16%) of the isolates and 28 (58.33%) showed phospholipase C production. All the phospholipase C positive isolates revealed the presence of cpa gene encoding alpha (α) toxin. Of the 102 samples collected from mammals and birds, both domestic and captive wild, 48 were found to be positive for Clostridium perfringens. Most of the mammal isolates (84.38%) appeared to have been collected from clinically affected animals, while 33.33% of the bird samples were from clinically affected and 21.43% from apparently healthy birds infected with C. perfringens. Isolates revealed high sensitivity to ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin and norfloxacin. Among the isolated C. perfringens, 30 (62.50%) showed DNase production. Hemolytic activity was recorded in 14 (24.16%) of the isolates and 28 (58.33%) showed phospholipase C production. All the phospholipase C positive isolates revealed the presence of cpa gene encoding α toxin.(AU)
Descritores: Toxinas Biológicas
Infecções por Clostridium/veterinária
Clostridium perfringens/isolamento & purificação
Clostridium perfringens/patogenicidade
-Aves
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
Índia
Animais Domésticos
Mamíferos
Limites: Animais
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: lil-623900
Autor: Nandi, B. C.
Título: Sarcophagid flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) from Tripura, India
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;84(supl.4):395-401, 1989. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Systematic position of seventeen species under nine genera are reported here. Sinonipponia smarti is described as new species. Lioproctia (Coonoria) pattoni (Senior-White) is redescribed and figured.
Descritores: Dípteros/genética
Sarcofagídeos/classificação
-Índia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-841761
Autor: Sahu, Sudhansu Sekhar; Gunasekaran, Kasinathan; Vijayakumar, Kilakootil Narayanan; Jambulingam, Purushothaman.
Título: Bio-efficacy, physical integrity, community usage and washing practices of mosquito nets treated with ICON MAXX long-lasting insecticidal treatment in India
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;112(2):108-115, Feb. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: BACKGROUND New brands of potential long lasting insecticide nets (LLINs) and LLIN treatment kits require field evaluation before they are used in a vector control programme. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the bio-efficacy, usage, washing practice and physical integrity of nets treated with LLIN treatment kit, ICON MAXX in a phase III field trial in Odisha state, India. METHODS A total of 300 polyester nets treated with ICON MAXX and 140 polyester nets treated conventionally with lambda-cyhalothrin CS 2.5% ITNs were distributed. The bio-efficacy was evaluated with WHO cone bioassay. The chemical analysis of netting pieces was done at the beginning, after 12 and 36 months of the trial. FINDINGS After one year of distribution of nets, the bioassay showed 100% mortality on both ITNs and ICON MAXX treated nets. At 36 months, the overall pass rate was 58.8% and the mean lambda-cyhalothrin content of LLINs was 34.5 mg ai/m2, showing a loss of 44.4% of the original concentration. CONCLUSION ICON MAXX treated LLIN was found to retain bio-efficacy causing 97% knockdown of Anopheles stephensi up to 30 months and met the WHOPES criteria. However, the desired bio-efficacy was not sustained up to 36 months.
Descritores: Piretrinas/farmacologia
Controle de Mosquitos/instrumentação
Mosquiteiros Tratados com Inseticida/estatística & dados numéricos
Mosquitos Vetores/efeitos dos fármacos
Anopheles/efeitos dos fármacos
-Fatores de Tempo
Bioensaio
Índia
Lavanderia/métodos
Malária/prevenção & controle
Limites: Seres Humanos
Animais
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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