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Id: biblio-973669
Autor: Xia, Fang-Qin; Ye, Chu-Yuan; Xie, Wei-Wei; Poonit, Neha-Devi; Zhou, Yong-Hai.
Título: Tratamiento satisfactorio con fluconazol de la candidemia relacionada con el catéter porCandida haemulonii: informe sobre dos pacientes neonatales / Successful fluconazole treatment of catheter-related candidemia caused by Candida haemulonii: report of 2 neonatal cases
Fonte: Arch. argent. pediatr;116(5):663-666, oct. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en; es.
Resumo: La Candida haemulonii forma parte de la especie Candida no albicans. La candidemia por C. haemulonii es sumamente infrecuente, pero mortal, en los recién nacidos. Se informa sobre los dos primeros recién nacidos con candidemia por C. haemulonii en China tratados con fluconazol y se revisan dos artículos informados con anterioridad. Nuestro informe incrementa la sensibilización sobre la candidemia por C. haemulonii en recién nacidos críticos y resalta la importancia de un diagnóstico y un tratamiento tempranos de esta infección mortal.

Candida haemulonii forms part of the non-albicans Candida species. The candidemia caused by C. haemulonii is extremely rare but fatal in neonates. We reported the first two neonates with C. haemulonii candidemia in China which were treated with fluconazole and reviewed two papers previously reported. Our report adds further awareness on C. haemulonii candidemia in critical neonates and points out the importance of an early diagnosis and treatment of this fatal infection.
Descritores: Fluconazol/uso terapêutico
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/tratamento farmacológico
Candidemia/tratamento farmacológico
-Candida/isolamento & purificação
China
Resultado do Tratamento
Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/microbiologia
Candidemia/etiologia
Candidemia/microbiologia
Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Recém-Nascido
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: AR94.1 - Centro de Información Pediatrica


  2 / 241 LILACS  
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Id: biblio-886975
Autor: Wang, Qian; Liu, Wei; Zhang, Lixia.
Título: Clinical features of von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis in children: a retrospective study of 26 patients in southwestern China
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;92(3):319-322, May-June 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Background: Von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare variant of psoriasis in children. It can occur in patients with or without psoriasis vulgaris. Objective: The aim of the study was to discuss the precipitating factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory data and therapy of von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis in children from southwestern China and to improve the diagnosis and treatment level. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted for inpatients aged 14 years old or less with von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis in our department from 2005 to 2014. Results: A total of 26 patients were included, of whom four (15.38%) had previous history of psoriasis vulgaris and one (3.85%) had previous history of psoriasis arthropathica. Mean onset age was 6.90 years. Gender distribution was equivalent. Incidence of the disease in summer and autumn was higher than that in winter and spring. Nineteen (73.08%) cases were triggered by infection, two (7.69%) cases were caused by sudden discontinuation of systemic use of corticosteroid. Twenty-four (92.31%) cases had concomitant fever. The initial lesion manifested as non-follicular sterile pustules on erythema. Sixteen patients responded well to acitretin, 11 to Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF), two to cyclosporine, and one to methotrexate. Study limitations: This study is a retrospective one and the number of cases is small. CONCLUSION: Von Zumbusch type of generalized pustular psoriasis is a rare disease in children, infection is the most common precipitating factor, acitretin is the first-line therapy, traditional Chinese medicine TwHF also can be used.
Descritores: Psoríase/diagnóstico
Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico
-Psoríase/classificação
Psoríase/etiologia
China
Metotrexato/uso terapêutico
Estudos Retrospectivos
Ciclosporina/uso terapêutico
Acitretina/uso terapêutico
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Lactente
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-886973
Autor: Deng, Qiancheng; Fang, Xia; Zeng, Qinghai; Lu, Jianyun; Jing, Chen; Huang, Jinhua.
Título: Severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions of Chinese inpatients: a meta-analysis
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;92(3):345-349, May-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Background: The rate of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions is low, and these reactions can result in death or disability. An evidence-based epidemiological study of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions in China has not been reported. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze epidemiology and characteristics of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions of Chinese inpatients during the recent 15 years with meta-analysis. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed Chinese literature reporting severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions and collecting data from 2000 to 2015, which were in accordance with our inclusion criteria. All included data were analyzed with the Launch Open Meta-Analyst software. Results: Twenty-five articles involving 928 cases with severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions were included. Men to women ratio was 1.14:1. Twenty-one per cent of the patients had drug allergy history. Antibiotics (26.0%), sedative hypnotics and anticonvulsants (21.6%), and antipyretic analgesics (17.1%) were the most common causative drugs. The most frequent clinical subtype was Stevens-Johnson syndrome (50.1%), followed by toxic epidermal necrolysis (25.4%), exfoliative dermatitis (21.0%) and drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome (1.6%). In addition to skin rashes, patients with severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions suffered mostly from fever (73%), and blood routine abnormality (66.7%). Study limitations: This meta-analysis is limited by its retrospective design and by its methodological variation. Conclusion: The most common causative drugs were antibiotics and sedative hypnotics and anticonvulsants. Stevens-Johnson syndrome was the most frequent clinical subtype of severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions. In addition to skin rashes, patients with severe cutaneous adverse drug reactions suffered mostly from fever, mucosal lesion, and hematologic abnormalities.
Descritores: Dermatopatias/induzido quimicamente
Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia
-China/epidemiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Pacientes Internados
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Tipo de Publ: Metanálise
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-714844
Autor: Xie, Jian-fei; Ding, Si-qing; Zhong, Zhu-qing; Yi, Qi-feng; Zeng, Sai-nan; Hu, Jun-hua; Zhou, Jian-da.
Título: Mental health is the most important factor influencing quality of life in elderly left behind when families migrate out of rural China / A saúde mental é o fator mais importante que influencia a qualidade de vida de idosos deixados para trás quando as famílias emigram da China rural / La salud mental es el factor más importante que influye en la calidad de vida en los adultos mayores que se quedan cuando las familias emigran fuera de las zonas rurales de China
Fonte: Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online);22(3):364-370, May-Jun/2014. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Provice.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: to investigate the quality of life and the associated factors on left behind elderly in rural China. METHOD: the research was conducted cluster sampling to select 456 elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China to participate in a cross-sectional study by completing a general data questionnaire and Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULTS: 91.5% of the elderly requested psychological counseling and education. For the elderly, scores for mental health (39.56±13.73) were significantly lower compared with Chinese standard data (61.6±13.7) (P<0.001). Age, chronic disease type, gender, residence pattern and economic support from children were the main psychological factors influencing this population. CONCLUSION: mental health is the most important factor influencing quality of life of elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China. Our study suggested a need to widely establish a general practitioner team for psychological intervention for improving rural elderly people's Quality of Life level, especially in the psychological domain. .

OBJETIVOS: investigar a qualidade de vida e fatores associados de idosos deixados para trás na China rural. MÉTODO: foi realizada amostragem por conglomerado para selecionar 456 idosos deixados para trás quando os membros da família emigram da China rural. Este é um estudo transversal com preenchimento de um questionário de dados gerais e de qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: 91,5% dos idosos convidados solicitaram aconselhamento e educação psicológicos. Para os idosos, os escores de saúde mental (39,56±13,73) foram significativamente menores em comparação aos dados padrões chineses (61,6±13,7) (p<0,001). A idade, tipo de doença crônica, gênero, tipo de moradia e suporte econômico dos filhos foram os principais fatores psicológicos que influenciaram essa população. CONCLUSÃO: a saúde mental é o fator mais importante que influencia a qualidade de vida de idosos deixados para trás quando os familiares emigraram da China rural. Este estudo sugere a necessidade de criação de ampla equipe de generalistas para intervenção psicológica, com o intuito de melhorar o nível de qualidade de vida de idosos de áreas rurais, especialmente no domínio psicológico. .

OBJETIVOS: investigar la calidad de vida y los factores asociados a los adultos mayores que se quedan en las zonas rurales de China. MÉTODO: la investigación se realizó por medio de muestreo por conglomerados para seleccionar 456 adultos mayores que se quedaron cuando los miembros de la familia emigraron de zonas rurales de China, para participar en un estudio de corte transversal, completando un cuestionario de datos generales y cuestionario de calidad de vida. RESULTADOS: el 91.5% de los adultos mayores solicitó asistencia psicológica y educación. Para los adultos mayores, las puntuaciones de salud mental (39.56±13.73) fueron significativamente más bajos en comparación con los datos estándar de China (61.6±13.7) (p<0.001). La edad, el tipo de enfermedad crónica, el género, el patrón de residencia y el apoyo económico de los hijos fueron los principales factores psicológicos que influencian esta población. CONCLUSIÓN: la salud mental es el factor más importante que influye la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores que se quedan cuando los miembros de la familia emigran de las zonas rurales de China. Nuestro estudio sugiere la necesidad de establecer ampliamente un equipo médico general para la intervención psicológica para mejorar el nivel de la Calidad de Vida de la población rural de edad avanzada, sobre todo en el dominio psicológico. .
Descritores: Qualidade de Vida
Família
Saúde Mental
Emigração e Imigração
-População Rural
China
Estudos Transversais
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Meia-Idade
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623933
Autor: Yang, Sheng-Li.
Título: Current status of biotechnology in China
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):17-19, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: There has been increasing interest over past decade in exploring the possibility of using new biotechinology to produce new products and to improve the old productive process. The researches and applications of genetic engineering, cell fusion, mutagenesis, cell and enzyme immobilization in enzyme, antibiotic, vitamine, steroid, amino acid, organic acid, solvent, food and brewage industries is reviewed.
Descritores: Biotecnologia/economia
Biotecnologia/organização & administração
Biotecnologia/estatística & dados numéricos
-China
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623932
Autor: Matos, F. J. A; Machado, M. I. L; Alencar, J. W; Matos, M. E. O; Craveiro, A. A.
Título: Plants used in traditional medicine of China and Brazil
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):13-16, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Eventhough the rationale behind the use of medicinal plantes in Brazil and Chine is different, twenty four species are used in both countries. Scientific name, vulgar name and uses in both countries along with their chemical constituents are listed.
Descritores: Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos
-Plantas/química
Brasil
China
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623931
Autor: He, Guan-Fu.
Título: Resources of medicinal plants in China
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):9-12, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Four aspect dealts with in this paper are as follows: 1. environment of medicinal plants; 2. brief history on studies of medicinal plants; 3. species of medicinal plants; 4. studies on development and utilization of medicinal plant resources.
Descritores: Plantas Medicinais/classificação
Ecologia
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
-China
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623929
Autor: Bay, Dong-Lu.
Título: Traditional Chinese materia medica: a retrospect and prospect
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):1-4, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: For thousands of years, traditional medicine and remedies have been practed and used in the fight against disease in China. They have proved to be valuable and the distillate of vast historical experience based on field-tested human experiments, long-term observations and clinical trials. The Chinese people belive that traditional medicine is consistent with theirown culture. Endowed with a unique theoretical system and provided outstanding clinical results, traditional Chinese medicine continues to play an important role in helping the Chinese nation flourish. The recent study of traditional medicinal plants in Chine has given us confidence that what was recorded in ancient medical literature through empirical observations is indeed still coindicent with the concepts of modern chemistry, pharmacology and medicine. The task of revealing what is valid and efficacious should be retained, and what is mythic and invalid should be discarded in traditional Chinese medicine may require scientific research lasting for several generations. Therfore, multidisciplinary cooperation and international collaboration in this field would be essential. Systematic coordination of work in traditional medicine by word organizations, national governments, private foundations and individual scientists is a requisite as well.
Descritores: Materia Medica/história
Materia Medica/uso terapêutico
-China
História
Limites: História Antiga
História Medieval
História do Século XVI
História do Século XX
Tipo de Publ: Relatório Técnico
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623668
Autor: Nassif, Samir.
Título: A review of achievements of the national schistosomiasis control program in middle and upper Egypt areas
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;82(supl.4):83-88, 1987. graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: International Symposium on Schistosomiasis, Apresentado em: Reunião Nacional de Esquistossomose, 1, Rio de Janeiro, Oct. 25-30, 1987.
Resumo: In Egypt the "national schistosomiasis control program" was formulated to control transmission by reduction of prevalence and intensity of current infections, and thereby achieve an acceptable level of schistosomiasis disease control. The program was implemented foremost in Middle Egypt (1977) and Upper Egypt (1980), collectively extending 800 km alongside of the River Nile and accommodate about 10.5 million people. Schistosoma haematobium has been essentially the prevailing species infection in both areas. The strategy of control entailed both area-wide mollusciciding with niclosamide, and selective population chemotherapy with metrifonate. Evaluation in 1986 showed that prevalence dropped from pre-control 29.4% in Middle Egypt and 26.3% in Upper Egypt to 6% and 7.8% respectively, together with a remarkable drop of infections among children. Also mean intensity attained low levels consistent of low grade infections. It is evident therefore that in these areas where an enhancement of schistosomiasis infections had been anticipated the employment of the twofold strategy effected a state of low-prevalence/low-intensity signifying a lowered reservoir of infection and a substantial interference with the potentials of transmission.
Descritores: Esquistossomose/terapia
Esquistossomose/transmissão
Esquistossomose/epidemiologia
-China/epidemiologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623667
Autor: Mao, Shou-Pai.
Título: Epidemiology and control of Schistosomiasis in the people's Republic of China
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;82(supl.4):77-82, 1987. ilus, graf, mapas, tab.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: International Symposium on Schistosomiasis, Apresentado em: Reunião Nacional de Esquistossomose, 1, Rio de Janeiro, Oct. 25-30, 1987.
Descritores: Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
Esquistossomose/transmissão
-China/epidemiologia
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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