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Marcon, Sônia Silva
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Id: biblio-960837
Autor: Faller, Jossiana Wilke; Teston, Elen Ferraz; Marcon, Sonia Silva.
Título: Estrutura conceptual do envelhecimento em diferentes etnias / Estructuras conceptuales del envejecimiento en diferentes etnias / Conceptual structure of aging in different ethnicities
Fonte: Rev. gaúch. enferm;39:e66144, 2018. graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Resumo OBJETIVO Elaborar uma estrutura conceptual que explique como idosos de diferentes culturas vivenciam o envelhecimento, formulam conceitos e atribuem valores ao processo de envelhecer. MÉTODO Pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa, realizada com 33 idosos, em município da tríplice fronteira. Os dados foram coletados no período entre fevereiro e agosto de 2011, utilizando como estratégia teórico-metodológica o Interacionismo Simbólico e a Grounded Theory. RESULTADOS Identificou-se o tema central "Tendo que envelhecer: as práticas socioculturais direcionando o envelhecimento em diferentes etnias", constituído por subprocessos que caracterizam os conceitos estruturais do estudo: A velhice concebida por multifatores (físicos, biopsíquicos e socioculturais); Vivenciando o envelhecer no processo de adaptação cultural; Vivenciando o envelhecer como a continuidade da vida; Redefinindo os papeis sociais e; A cultura influenciando hábitos e costumes no cuidado à saúde. CONCLUSÕES A experiência de envelhecer revelou-se um processo singular a cada indivíduo e os valores atribuídos ao mesmo são influenciáveis pela cultura.

Resumen OBJETIVO Elaborar una estructura conceptual que explique cómo ancianos de diferentes culturas sienten el envejecimiento, formulan conceptos y atribuyen valores en el proceso de envejecer. MÉTODO Investigación de abordaje cualitativa, realizada con 33 ancianos, en un municipio de la triple frontera. Se recolectaron los datos desde febrero hasta agosto del 2011, utilizando como estrategia teórica-metodológica el Interaccionismo Simbólico y el Grounded Theory. RESULTADO La temática central identificada fue: "Teniendo que envejecer: las prácticas socioculturales direccionando el envejecimiento en diferentes etnias", constituido por subprocesos que caracterizan los conceptos estructurales del estudio: La vejez concebida como multifactorial (físicos, biopsíquicos y socioculturales); Vivenciando el envejecimiento en el proceso de adaptación cultural; Vivenciando el envejecimiento como continuación de la vida; Redefiniendo los papeles sociales; y La cultura influenciando hábitos y costumbres en el cuidado a la salud. CONCLUSIÓN La experiencia de envejecer se mostró como un proceso singular de cada individuo y los valores atribuidos al mismo son influenciados por cada cultura.

Abstract OBJECTIVE To develop a conceptual framework that explains how elderly people from different cultures experience aging, formulate concepts and assign values to the process of aging. METHOD Qualitative research conducted with 33 elderly people in a municipality of the triple border. The data were collected between February and August of 2011, using Symbolic Interactionism and the Grounded Theory as the theoretical and methodological strategy. RESULTS The central theme identified was: "Having to age: sociocultural practices guiding aging in different ethnicities", which was made up of sub processes that characterize the study's structural concepts: aging conceived as multifactorial (physical, biopsychic and sociocultural); Experiencing aging in the process of cultural adaptation; Experiencing aging as the continuation of life; Redefining social roles; and The culture influencing habits and customs in healthcare. CONCLUSION The experience of aging proved to be a unique process for each individual and the values assigned to it are influenced by one's own culture.
Descritores: Idoso/psicologia
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Grupos Étnicos/psicologia
-Paraguai/etnologia
Autoimagem
Valores Sociais
População Urbana
Brasil
China/etnologia
Comparação Transcultural
Características Culturais
Cultura
Pesquisa Qualitativa
França/etnologia
Enfermagem Geriátrica
Líbano/etnologia
Meia-Idade
Modelos Psicológicos
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Bocchi, Silvia Cristina Mangini
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Id: biblio-960719
Autor: Rocha, Suelen Alves; Avila, Marla Andréia Garcia de; Bocchi, Silvia Cristina Mangini.
Título: Influência do cuidador informal na reabilitação do idoso em pós-operatório de fratura de fêmur proximal / Influencia del cuidador informal en la rehabilitación de las personas mayores en postoperatorio de la fractura del fémur proximal / The influence of informal caregivers on the rehabilitation of the elderly in the postoperative period of proximal femoral fracture
Fonte: Rev. gaúch. enferm;37(1):e51069, 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Projeto: Bolsa de Treinamento Técnico; . FAPESP.
Resumo: RESUMO Objetivo Verificar a influência do cuidador informal na independência funcional de idosos no pós-operatório de fratura de fêmur proximal por quedas. Método Revisão integrativa, cujo corpus de análise reuniu 23 artigos, entre 2002 e 2012, das bases de dados Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, US National Library of Medicine e Scopus. Resultados Predominaram estudos com autoria de chineses e enfermeiros. A análise dos estudos evidenciou que as quedas seguidas por fraturas promovem a dependência de idosos e, consequentemente, a sobrecarga aos cuidadores, demonstrando o binômio idoso dependente-cuidador necessitar de apoio no processo de reabilitação. Conclusões Os cuidadores informais ainda precisam ser inseridos no planejamento e capacitados para o cuidado pelos profissionais da saúde, uma vez que influenciam positivamente a independência funcional no pós-operatório.

RESUMEN Objetivo Verificar la influencia del cuidador informal en la independencia funcional de ancianos en postoperatorio de fractura proximal de fémur por caídas. Método Revisión integradora, cuyo análisis se reunieron 23 artículos, entre 2002 y 2012, en las bases de datos Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, US National Library of Medicine e Scopus. Resultados Predominaron estudios con autores chinos y enfermeros. El análisis de los estudios evidenció que las caídas que producen fracturas promueven la dependencia de ancianos y, consecuentemente, sobrecarga en los cuidadores, demostrando la dupla anciano dependiente-cuidador necesidad de apoyo en el proceso de rehabilitación. Conclusiones Los cuidadores informales necesitan inserción en la planificación, además de capacitación para cuidados por parte de profesionales de salud, toda vez que influyen positivamente en la independencia funcional durante el postoperatorio.

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the influence of informal caregivers on the functional independence of older adults in the postoperative period of proximal femoral fracture due to falls. Method It is an integrative review of a corpus for analysis that gathered 23 articles, between 2002 and 2012, from databases "Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde" (Latin-American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature in Health Sciences), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, US National Library of Medicine and Scopus. Results There was a predominance of studies by Chinese authors and nurses. The analysis of the studies evidenced that falls followed by fractures lead to dependence of older adults and, consequently, an overload to caregivers. Moreover, older adults and caregivers showed a need for support in the rehabilitation process. Conclusions Informal caregivers still need to be included in care planning and to be qualified for such care by health professionals, since they positively influence functional independence in the postoperative period.
Descritores: Cuidados Pós-Operatórios
Bibliometria
Cuidadores
Assistência ao Convalescente
Fraturas do Quadril/reabilitação
Assistência Domiciliar
-Valores Sociais
Acidentes por Quedas
China
Convalescença
Bases de Dados Bibliográficas
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Vida Independente
Enfermagem Geriátrica
Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia
América Latina
Limites: Seres Humanos
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-960844
Autor: Machado, Raylane da Silva; Fernandes, Amanda Delmondes de Brito Fontenele; Oliveira, Ana Lívia Castelo Branco de; Soares, Lorena Sousa; Gouveia, Marcia Teles de Oliveira; Silva, Grazielle Roberta Freitas da.
Título: Métodos de adaptação transcultural de instrumentos na área da enfermagem / Métodos de adaptación transcultural de instrumentos en el campo de la enfermería / Cross-cultural adaptation methods of instruments in the nursing area
Fonte: Rev. gaúch. enferm;39:e20170164, 2018. graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Resumo OBJETIVO Identificar os métodos de adaptação transcultural de instrumentos mais utilizados na área da enfermagem. MÉTODOS Revisão integrativa, em fontes eletrônicas Medline via Pubmed, Cinahl, Lilacs, Scopus e Web of Science. Foram selecionados 96 artigos revisados por pares e publicados entre 2010 e 2015. RESULTADOS Os artigos que compuseram a amostra foram publicados em 59 periódicos diferentes, sendo 15,2% destes brasileiros. O maior número de publicações concentrou-se em 2015 (31,2%). Além disso, 28 países apareceram na lista liderada pelo Brasil (33,3%), seguido de China (10,4%). Utilizaram-se 27 modelos de adaptação transcultural diferentes. Entretanto, o proposto por Beaton e colaboradores foi citado em 47(49,0%) artigos, e o de Brislin em 12 (12,5%). CONCLUSÕES Não há consenso sobre adaptação transcultural, entretanto todos os métodos coincidiram na utilização da etapa de retrotradução. Além disso, diversos estudos em diferentes idiomas e países apontaram a aceitabilidade internacional do método desenvolvido por Beaton e colaboradores.

Resumen OBJETIVO Analizar las publicaciones científicas para identificar los métodos de adaptación transcultural de instrumentos más aplicados en el campo de la enfermería. MÉTODO Revisión integrativa, en las fuentes electrónicas: Medline via Pubmed, Cinahl, Lilacs, Scopus y Web of Science. Fueron seleccionados 96 estudios revisados por pares, publicados desde 2010 hasta 2015. RESULTADOS Los artículos que compusieron la muestra eran de 59 periódicos diferentes, 15.2% eran brasileños. El mayor número de publicaciones fueran centradas en 2015 (31.2%), 28 países aparecieron en la lista que está encabezada por Brasil (33,3%), seguido por China (10,4%). 26 guidelines diferentes fueron utilizados, sin embargo, el propuesto por Beaton y sus colaboradores se ha citado en 49,0% y el de Brislin 12,5%. CONCLUSIÓN Esta revisión no permite definir un consenso del método más adecuado, sin embargo todos los métodos utilizados coinciden en el uso de back translation. Además, diversos estudios en distintos idiomas y países señalaron la aceptación internacional del método de Beaton et al.

Abstract OBJECTIVE To analyze scientific publications in order to identify the cross-cultural adaptation methods of instruments that are mainly applied in nursing. METHOD Integrative review, in the electronic sources Medline - Pubmed, Cinahl, Lilacs, Scopus and Web of Science. 96 peer-reviewed papers, published between 2010 and 2015 were selected. RESULTS The articles that composed the sample were published in 59 different journals, 15.2% were Brazilian. The largest number of publications was concentrated in 2015 (31.2%), 28 countries appeared on the list which is led by Brazil (33.3%), followed by China (10.4%). It was used 26 different guidelines, however the one proposed by Beaton and their collaborators was mentioned in 47 (49.0%) articles and the Brislin's in 12 (12.5%). CONCLUSION This review does not allow us to define the most appropriate method, however all methods applied agreed on the use of back translation. In addition, many studies in different languages and countries showed the international acceptability of the method developed by Beaton et al.
Descritores: Traduções
Bibliometria
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Enfermagem
-Brasil
China
Comparação Transcultural
Guias como Assunto
Limites: Seres Humanos
Tipo de Publ: Revisão
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: biblio-1040155
Autor: Liao, Libin; Yao, Xueping; Li, Tian; Qin, Wen; Meng, Xiaotong; Huang, Jufang; Bai, Shengbin.
Título: The application of barrier-based learning (BBL) method in histology learning from China / La aplicación del método de aprendizaje basado en barreras (BBL) en el aprendizaje de histología en China
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(4):1469-1474, Dec. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Chinese Medical Association Medical Science; . autonomous region college teaching reform research project; . Xinjiang Medical University.
Resumo: Histology belongs to the discipline of medical morphology. The knowledge is scattered and abstract in this discipline. It is difficult to the medical students beginner. Leading to poor effect on histology teaching. This study aimed to introduce medical students to the histology using barrier-based learning (BBL) method or traditional teaching method. We recruited 4 clinical medical classes, including two 5-years classes and two 7-years clinical medical classes, each of these classes randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. The control group received an introductory traditional teaching mode in histology. The experiment group received BBL method. Using final exam average scores, pass rate, excellent rates and phase tests to evaluate the teaching effect of these two teaching method. BBL teaching method is more effective than traditional teaching method, The application of BBL in histology is more easier to learning for the beginners of medical students.

La histología es una disciplina de la morfología médica. El conocimiento es disperso y abstracto en esta disciplina. Es una asignatura que resulta difícil para los estudiantes principiantes de medicina. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo presentar a los estudiantes de medicina la histología mediante el método de aprendizaje basado en barreras (BBL), comparándolo al método de enseñanza tradicional. Reclutamos estudiantes de 4 clases de medicina clínica, incluidas dos clases de quinto año y dos clases de medicina clínica de séptimo año, cada una de estas clases asignadas al azar a los grupos. El grupo de control recibió un método de enseñanza tradicional de introducción en histología. El grupo experimental recibió el método BBL. Usando los puntajes promedio del examen final, la tasa de aprobación, las tasas de excelencia y las pruebas de fase para evaluar el efecto de enseñanza de estos dos métodos de enseñanza, se determinó que el método de enseñanza de BBL es más efectivo que el método de enseñanza tradicional. La aplicación de BBL en histología permite un aprendizaje más sencillo para los estudiantes principiantes de medicina.
Descritores: Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos
Educação Médica/métodos
Histologia/educação
-China
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: biblio-951796
Autor: Wang, Su; Han, Li-Zhong; Ni, Yu-Xing; Zhang, Yi-Bo; Wang, Qun; Shi, Da-Ke; Li, Wen-Hui; Wang, Yi-Chen; Mi, Chen-Rong.
Título: Changes in antimicrobial susceptibility of commonly clinically significant isolates before and after the interventions on surgical prophylactic antibiotics (SPAs) in Shanghai
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(3):552-558, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Resumo: Abstract Surveillances and interventions on antibiotics use have been suggested to improve serious drug-resistance worldwide. Since 2007, our hospital have proposed many measures for regulating surgical prophylactic antibiotics (carbapenems, third gen. cephalosporins, vancomycin, etc.) prescribing practices, like formulary restriction or replacement for surgical prophylactic antibiotics and timely feedback. To assess the impacts on drug-resistance after interventions, we enrolled infected patients in 2006 (pre-intervention period) and 2014 (post-intervention period) in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai. Proportions of targeted pathogens were analyzed: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE), imipenem-resistant Escherichia coli (IREC), imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (IRKP), imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IRAB) and imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA) isolates. Rates of them were estimated and compared between Surgical Department, ICU and Internal Department during two periods. The total proportions of targeted isolates in Surgical Department (62.44%, 2006; 64.09%, 2014) were more than those in ICU (46.13%, 2006; 50.99%, 2014) and in Internal Department (44.54%, 2006; 51.20%, 2014). Only MRSA has decreased significantly (80.48%, 2006; 55.97%, 2014) (p < 0.0001). The percentages of VRE and IREC in 3 departments were all <15%, and the slightest change were also both observed in Surgical Department (VRE: 0.76%, 2006; 2.03%, 2014) (IREC: 2.69%, 2006; 2.63%, 2014). The interventions on surgical prophylactic antibiotics can be effective for improving resistance; antimicrobial stewardship must be combined with infection control practices.
Descritores: Complicações Pós-Operatórias/microbiologia
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia
Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem
-Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle
Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
Resistência a Medicamentos
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
China
Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle
Antibioticoprofilaxia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-951793
Autor: Wu, Xiukun; Zhang, Gaosen; Zhang, Wei; Liu, Guangxiu; Chen, Tuo; Wang, Yun; Long, Haozhi; Tai, Xisheng; Zhang, Baogui; Li, Zhongqin.
Título: Variations in culturable bacterial communities and biochemical properties in the foreland of the retreating Tianshan No. 1 glacier
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(3):443-451, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Natural Science Foundation of China; . National Basic Research Program (973) of China; . China Postdoctoral Science Fund.
Resumo: Abstract As a glacier retreats, barren areas are exposed, and these barren areas are ideal sites to study microbial succession. In this study, we characterized the soil culturable bacterial communities and biochemical parameters of early successional soils from a receding glacier in the Tianshan Mountains. The total number of culturable bacteria ranged from 2.19 × 105 to 1.30 × 106 CFU g-1 dw and from 9.33 × 105 to 2.53 × 106 CFU g-1 dw at 4 °C and 25 °C, respectively. The number of culturable bacteria in the soil increased at 25 °C but decreased at 4 °C along the chronosequence. The total organic carbon, total nitrogen content, and enzymatic activity were relatively low in the glacier foreland. The number of culturable bacteria isolated at 25 °C was significantly positively correlated with the TOC and TN as well as the soil urease, protease, polyphenoloxidase, sucrase, catalase, and dehydrogenase activities. We obtained 358 isolates from the glacier foreland soils that clustered into 35 groups using amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis. These groups are affiliated with 20 genera that belong to six taxa, namely, Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroides, and Deinococcus-Thermus, with a predominance of members of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria in all of the samples. A redundancy analysis showed that the bacterial succession was divided into three periods, an early stage (10a), a middle stage (25-74a), and a late stage (100-130a), with the total number of culturable bacteria mainly being affected by the soil enzymatic activity, suggesting that the microbial succession correlated with the soil age along the foreland.
Descritores: Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Camada de Gelo/microbiologia
Camada de Gelo/química
-Filogenia
Solo/química
Microbiologia do Solo
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Bactérias/genética
DNA Bacteriano/genética
DNA Ribossômico/genética
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
China
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Nitrogênio/análise
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974311
Autor: Shi, Wei; Liu, Ying; Meng, Qinghong; Yuan, Lin; Gao, Wei; Yao, Kaihu.
Título: Antimicrobial susceptibility and fluctuations in clonal complexes of serogroup 6 Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates collected from children in Beijing, China, between 1997 and 2016
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(4):891-899, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission; . Beijing Talents Fund.
Resumo: ABSTRACT This study examined the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and clonal complex (CC) characteristics of serogroup 6 Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates collected from children in Beijing, China, between 1997 and 2016. Serotypes were determined using the Quellung reaction, and the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of the isolates were determined using the disc-diffusion method or by E-test. Sequence types (STs) were assigned based on multilocus sequence typing. A total of 250 isolates were examined, with 55.2%, 30.0%, 12.8%, and 2.0% of isolates identified as serotypes 6A, 6B, 6C, and 6D, respectively. All of the isolates were susceptible to levofloxacin and vancomycin, and the non-suceptibitility rate to penicillin was 41.6%. Eighty-two distinct STs, assigned to 13 CCs and 28 singletons, were identified. CC982 was the most prevalent CC amongst serotype 6A isolates (34%), followed by CC9789 and CC3173. Amongst serotype 6B isolates, CC90 and CC4542 were the most common, accounting for 25.3% and 14.7% of isolates respectively. Over the study period, the prevalence of CC982, CC4542, and CC4536 isolates showing susceptibility to penicillin and cefuroxime decreased, and the proportion of CC3173, CC9789, CC855, and CC902 isolates showing non-susceptibility to these two antibiotics increased.
Descritores: Infecções Pneumocócicas/microbiologia
Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação
Streptococcus pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
-Penicilinas
Filogenia
Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia
Streptococcus pneumoniae/classificação
Streptococcus pneumoniae/genética
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
China
Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus
Pequim/epidemiologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Criança
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974345
Autor: Wang, Chuan-Xu; Li, Xin.
Título: JMT-1: a novel, spherical lytic halotolerant phage isolated from Yuncheng saline lake
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(supl.1):262-268, 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Key Disciplines Construction Foundation of the \"1331 Project\" of Shanxi Province; . Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province; . PhD Start-up Foundation of Yuncheng University.
Resumo: ABSTRACT This work described a novel halotolerant phage, JMT-1, with a spherical morphology. JMT-1, which was isolated from a hypersaline lake, could produce clear plaques on Chromohalobacter sp. LY7-3. The purified virions are spherical, have no visible tail, and are about 30-50 nm in diameter. JMT-1 has a wide host range, and this study showed that the phage can infect at least five halophilic bacteria. The proteins of JMT-1 were analyzed using sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and six proteins were detected. Results show that JMT-1 is a bacteriophage with a linear double-stranded DNA. Meanwhile, the genome is approximately 23 kb in length and is sensitive to the restriction endonucleases Bam I, EcoR I, Hind III and Kpa I. JMT-1 has a high titer, approaching 1.5 × 109 pfu/mL after dilution to 10−6 pfu/mL. The phage is also sensitive to chloroform but not to temperature, pH, and lowered salt concentration. JMT-1 is a spherical lytic halotolerant phage with a wide host range and has the tolerance to specific extreme environments. These data could provide references for studying phage resources in extreme environments and would also provide the useful methods for isolation and identification of other valuable phage in the salt lake environment.
Descritores: Bacteriófagos/isolamento & purificação
Vírion/isolamento & purificação
Lagos/virologia
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
-Bactérias/virologia
Bacteriófagos/classificação
Bacteriófagos/fisiologia
Bacteriófagos/genética
Vírion/classificação
Vírion/fisiologia
Cloreto de Sódio/análise
Lagos/análise
China
Genoma Viral
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-974332
Autor: Cheng, Fangjun; Li, Zhangcheng; Lan, Shimei; Liu, Wei; Li, Xiaoyan; Zhou, Zuoyong; Song, Zhenhui; Wu, Juan; Zhang, Manli; Shan, Wenjie.
Título: Characterization of Klebsiella pneumoniae associated with cattle infections in southwest China using multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), antibiotic resistance and virulence-associated gene profile analysis
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;49(supl.1):93-100, 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities; . Innovation Project for the Social Undertakings and People's Livelihood Protection in Chongqing; . Frontiers and basic research projects in Chongqing.
Resumo: Abstract Klebsiella pneumoniae is important human and animal pathogen that causes a wide spectrum of infections. In this study, isolates from cattle nasal swabs samples were identified by 16S rRNA, and to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptibility, virulence gene carrying levels, and multilocus sequence typing of K. pneumoniae isolates. 33 isolates of K. pneumoniae were isolated and identified in 213 nasal swabs samples, of which 12 were hypervirulent K. pneumoniae strains. Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases genes were found in 93.4% of the strains. Of which, TEM was the most prevalent (93.4%), followed by CTX-M and SHV were 57.6% and 39.4%, respectively. A main mutation pattern of quinoloneresistance-determining region, Thr83-Ieu and Asp87-Asn in gyrA and Ser87-Ile in parC, was detected in 33 K. pneumoniae isolates. All the isolates harbored at least two virulence factor genes, with ureA (97.0%) and wabG (91.0%) exhibiting high carriage rates in 33 K. pneumoniae isolates. MLST revealed 7 sequence types, of which 3 STs (2541, 2581 and 2844) were newly assigned. Using eBURST, ST2844 and ST2541 were assigned to new clonal complex 2844. Our study provides evidence and biological characteristics of K. pneumoniae isolates from cattle upper respiratory tract in Southwest China.
Descritores: Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
Infecções por Klebsiella/veterinária
Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla
Fatores de Virulência/genética
Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação
Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
-Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo
Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia
China
Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus
Klebsiella pneumoniae/genética
Klebsiella pneumoniae/metabolismo
Limites: Animais
Bovinos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1038296
Autor: Xue, Ruzeng; Elbendary, Amira; Wu, Tieqiang.
Título: Necrolytic acral erythema in a Chinese patient with hepatitis C and hepatitis B virus coinfection
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(4):446-448, July-Aug. 2019. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract: Necrolytic acral erythema is a distinct erythema that has been described as an extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis C virus infection. Most reported cases have been in Africa, especially Egypt. We report the first case (to the best of our knowledge) of necrolytic acral erythema in a Chinese patient with HCV and HBV coinfection. We aim to increase awareness for recognizing this condition in the Chinese population.
Descritores: Hepatite C/complicações
Eritema/patologia
Eritema/virologia
Coinfecção/complicações
Hepatite B/complicações
-China
Hepatite C/patologia
Extremidades/patologia
Coinfecção/patologia
Hepatite B/patologia
Necrose/virologia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto
Tipo de Publ: Relatos de Casos
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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