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Id: biblio-1002266
Autor: Masanovic, Bojan.
Título: Comparative study of morphological characteristics and body composition between different team players from Serbian junior national league: soccer, handball, basketball and volleyball / Estudio comparativo de las características morfológicas y composición corporal entre diferentes jugadores de equipos de la liga nacional junior de Serbia: fútbol, balonmano, baloncesto y voleibol
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;37(2):612-619, June 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The purpose of this study is to define every subsample with precision, to give an overview of the importance of the differences between different team players, as well as to point to the closeness along with the remoteness between them, and finally, to determine latent anthropologic characteristics which, when in interaction, contribute to significant differences and better comprehension of the specifics of every mentioned sport. Sixty-seven males were enrolled in the study, divided into four groups: twenty-five soccer players, fifteen handball players, thirteen basketball players and fourteen volleyball players. All subjects were assessed for the anthropometric measures required for the calculation of body composition variables, using the standardized procedures recommended by the established literature. Data was analysed using SPSS and the descriptive statistics were expressed as a mean (SD) for each variable, while the ANOVA and LSD Post Hoc tests were carried out to detect the effects of each type of sport, distinct features that have been identified by calculating the discrimination coefficient have determined the specifics of the subsamples, and their grouping was demonstrated by calculating Mahalanobis distance. The results showed that a significant difference was found for body height, body weight, muscle contents of body, fat contents of body, residue mass, ideal body mass and lean body mass. There is no significant difference in the body mass index and bone contents of body. It was confirmed that there is a clearly defined line between the players in different sports and it is possible to determine the characteristics of players of each sport. The results also indicate that the least amount of differences appears between volleyball and basketball, and that the sports that are most apart are volleyball and handball. Therefore, these findings may give coaches from the region a more precise top soccer, handball, basketball and volleyball player profile, and suggest them to follow recent selection process methods and be more careful during talent identification.

El propósito de este estudio fue definir cada submuestra con precisión, para presentar una visión general de la importancia de las diferencias entre los distintos jugadores, así como para señalar la cercanía y la distancia entre ellos y, finalmente, para determinar la antropología latente. Estas características cuando están en interacción, contribuyen a encontrar diferencias significativas y mejorar la comprensión de las características específicas de cada deporte mencionado. Sesenta y siete hombres se inscribieron en el estudio, divididos en cuatro grupos: 25 jugadores de fútbol, 15 jugadores de balonmano, 13 jugadores de baloncesto y 14 jugadores de voleibol. Se evaluaron las medidas antropométricas de todos los sujetos para calcular las variables de composición corporal, utilizando los procedimientos estandarizados recomendados por la literatura establecida. Los datos se analizaron mediante SPSS y las estadísticas descriptivas se expresaron como una media (DE) para cada variable, mientras que las pruebas ANOVA y LSD Post Hoc se realizaron para detectar los efectos de cada tipo de deporte. Distintas características se han identificado mediante el cálculo del coeficiente de discriminación, determinando los detalles de las submuestras, y su agrupación se demostró al calcular la distancia de Mahalanobis. Los resultados mostraron que se encontró una diferencia significativa en la altura del cuerpo, el peso corporal, el contenido muscular del cuerpo, la grasa corporal, la masa residual, la masa corporal ideal y la masa corporal magra. No se observó una diferencia significativa en el índice de masa corporal y el contenido óseo del cuerpo. Se confirmó que existe una línea claramente definida entre los jugadores en diferentes deportes y es posible determinar las características de los jugadores de cada deporte. Los resultados también indicaron que la menor cantidad de diferencias aparece entre el voleibol y el baloncesto, y que los deportes que más se distinguen son el voleibol y el balonmano. Por lo tanto, estos hallazgos pueden darles a los entrenadores de la región, un perfil más preciso de los jugadores de fútbol, balonmano, baloncesto y voleibol, y sugerir que sigan métodos de selección recientes y considerar con mayor atención la identificación del talento.
Descritores: Esportes
Composição Corporal
Antropometria
-Futebol
Basquetebol
Voleibol
Sérvia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adolescente
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-734655
Autor: Lepes, Josip; Halasi, Sabolc; Mandaric, Sanja; Tanovic, Nada.
Título: Relation between body composition and motor abilities of children up to 7 years of age / Relación entre composición corporal y habilidades motoras en niños de hasta 7 años de edad
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;32(4):1179-1183, Dec. 2014. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In a sample of 125 respondents, 62 boys and 63 girls, who attended the first grade of primary schools in Subotica with average age of 7.39 decimal years, a measurement of basic anthropometric characteristics was performed, general motor skills were determined based on seven motor tests, and body composition was determined using the In Body 230 device. Regression analysis showed that the predictor system of variables for assessing body composition (amount of body fat, the total amount of water and the total amount of muscles) was statistically significantly associated with the criterion defined as general motor factor and with it describes 39% of common variability in boys (R=0.63; p<0.05) and 34% in girls (R=0.58; p<0.05). Standardized regression coefficient indicated that both for boys and girls aged 7.39 decimal years, statistically, the total amount of body fat, body weight, negatively affect general motor skills and for the girls, statistically, body height has a positive effect.

Se realizó la medición de las características antropométricas básicas y habilidades motoras generales en una muestra de 62 niños y 63 niñas, con una edad promedio de 7,39 años, de primer año de escuelas primarias en Subotica. Las características se determinaron en base de siete pruebas motoras, además de la composición corporal que se determinó utilizando el dispositivo In Body 230. El análisis de regresión mostró que el sistema predictor de las variables para evaluar composición corporal (cantidad de grasa corporal, cantidad total de agua y cantidad total de músculos) se asoció con el criterio definido como factor motor en general de manera estadísticamente significativa, y con ella se describió un 39% de variabilidad común en los niños (R=0,63, p<0,05) y en el 34% de las niñas (R=0,58, p<0,05). El coeficiente de regresión estandarizado indicó que tanto para niños y niñas de 7,39 años, la cantidad total de grasa y peso corporal afectan negativamente las habilidades motrices generales y para las niñas, la altura del cuerpo tiene un efecto estadísticamente positivo.
Descritores: Composição Corporal
Destreza Motora
-Antropometria
Análise de Regressão
Sérvia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Criança
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-893868
Autor: Kopitovic, Ivan; Bokan, Aleksandar; Andrijevic, Ilija; Ilic, Miroslav; Marinkovic, Sanja; Milicic, Dragana; Vukoja, Marija.
Título: Frequency of COPD in health care workers who smoke / Frequência de DPOC em profissionais de saúde que fumam
Fonte: J. bras. pneumol;43(5):351-356, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective: COPD is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Health care providers should counsel their smoking patients with COPD to quit smoking as the first treatment step. However, in countries with high prevalences of smoking, health care workers may also be smokers. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and severity of COPD in health care workers who smoke. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. All health care workers who smoke, from nine health care centers in Serbia, were invited to participate in the study and perform spirometry. The diagnosis of COPD was based on a post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio of < 0.70. All patients completed the COPD Assessment Test and the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. Results: The study involved 305 subjects, and 47 (15.4%) were male. The mean age of the participants was 49.0 ± 6.5 years. Spirometry revealed obstructive ventilatory defect in 33 subjects (10.8%); restrictive ventilatory defect, in 5 (1.6%); and small airway disease, in 96 (31.5%). A diagnosis of COPD was made in 29 patients (9.5%), 25 (86.2%) of whom were newly diagnosed. On the basis of the Global Initiative for COPD guidelines, most COPD patients belonged to groups A or B (n = 14; 48.2%, for both); 1 belonged to group D (3.6%); and none, to group C. Very high nicotine dependence was more common in those with COPD than in those without it (20.7% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.01). Conclusions: In this sample of health care workers, the frequency of COPD was comparable with that in the general population. The presence of COPD in health care workers who smoke was associated with higher nicotine dependence.

RESUMO Objetivo: A DPOC é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade em todo o mundo. Os provedores de cuidados de saúde deveriam aconselhar seus pacientes fumantes com DPOC a parar de fumar como primeiro passo de tratamento. Entretanto, em países com altas prevalências de tabagismo, os profissionais de saúde também podem ser fumantes. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de DPOC e sua gravidade em profissionais de saúde que fumam. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal. Todos os profissionais de saúde fumantes de nove centros de saúde na Sérvia foram convidados a participar do estudo e realizar espirometria. O diagnóstico de DPOC baseou-se em VEF1/CVF pós-broncodilatador < 0,70. Todos os pacientes preencheram o COPD Assessment Test e o Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 305 indivíduos, e 47 (15,4%) eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade dos participantes foi de 49,0 ± 6,5 anos. A espirometria revelou defeito ventilatório obstrutivo em 33 indivíduos (10,8%), defeito ventilatório restritivo em 5 (1,6%) e doença das vias aéreas pequenas em 96 (31,5%). O diagnóstico de DPOC foi feito em 29 pacientes (9,5%), 25 (86,2%) dos quais foram recém-diagnosticados. Com base nas diretrizes da Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease, a maioria dos pacientes com DPOC ficou no grupo A ou B (n = 14; 48,2%, para ambos); 1 ficou no grupo D (3,6%) e nenhum ficou no grupo C. Um grau muito alto de dependência de nicotina foi mais comum nos indivíduos com DPOC que naqueles sem a doença (20,7% vs. 5,4%; p = 0,01). Conclusões: Nesta amostra de profissionais de saúde, a frequência de DPOC foi comparável à observada na população geral. A presença de DPOC em profissionais de saúde que fumam relacionou-se com maior dependência de nicotina.
Descritores: Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar
Fumar/epidemiologia
-Estudos Transversais
Pessoal de Saúde/classificação
Prevalência
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia
Fatores de Risco
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Fumar/efeitos adversos
Espirometria
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Meia-Idade
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-893217
Autor: Czékus, Géza.
Título: Presentation of the trepanned skull labelled MO-90, found in the Avar cemetery on the territory of settlements Ómoravica-Kopláló in Serbia / Presentación de cráneo trepanado etiquetado MO-90, encontrado en el cementerio de Avar en territorio de los asentamientos Ómoravica-Kopláló en Serbia
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;36(1):243-247, Mar. 2018. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: The most prominent issues in paleopathology concerning skull lesions are skull trepanation and artificial deformation of the skull. From the very beginnings of this scientific field, these two groups of alterations have been the focus of interest. Since the second half of the 19th century, countless pathologists, surgeons and ethnologist have dealt with this issue. The interest is still great. Nevertheless, numerous questions regarding skull trepanation and artificial deformation are yet to be answered. The first trepanned skull finds were discovered in France and Hungary. The finds in Hungary are interesting because a large number of trepanned skulls were found in a relatively small area. On the skull remains found in the grave discovered in the Òmoravica-Koplaló cemetery and labelled MO-90, left of the Sutura sagittalis there is a hole about 1cm in diameter. There are no pathological lesions along the edge or around the hole.

RESUMEN: Los temas más destacados en la paleopatología con respecto a las lesiones del cráneo son la trepanación y la deformación artificial éste. Desde los comienzos en esta área científica, estos dos grupos de alteraciones han sido el foco de interés. Desde la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, un número importante de patólogos, cirujanos y etnologistas se han enfocado e interesado en este tema. Sin embargo, aún existen preguntas y numerosas dudas sobre la trepanación del cráneo y la deformación artificial. Los primeros hallazgos de cráneos trepanados se descubrieron en Francia y Hungría. Los hallazgos en Hungría son interesantes debido a que es un área relativamente pequeña, pero fueron encontrados una gran cantidad de cráneos trepanados. En los restos de cráneos encontrados en la tumba del cementerio Òmoravica-Koplaló y etiquetados como MO-90, a la izquierda de la sutura sagital se observó un foramen de aproximadamente 1 cm de diámetro. No hay lesiones patológicas a lo largo del margen, tampoco alrededor del foramen.
Descritores: Crânio/patologia
Trepanação
-Paleopatologia
Sérvia
Crânio/cirurgia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-893123
Autor: Madic, Dejan M; Trajkovic, Nebojsa; Popovic, Boris; Radanovic, Danilo; Sporis, Goran.
Título: Calcaneus quantitative ultrasound and body composition in preschool children: physical activity consideration / Ultrasonido cuantitativo de calcáneo y composición corporal en niños preescolares: consideración de actividad física
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;35(4):1249-1253, Dec. 2017. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: The aim of this research was to determine the difference in Calcaneus quantitative ultrasound (QUS) and body composition according to physical activity in preschool children. We recruited 296 healthy children (112 girls and 184 boys) from different kindergartens in Vojvodina, Serbia. Children were evaluated for body composition. Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements of the heel were performed using the Speed of sound, Broadband Ultrasound Attenuation, Quantitative Ultrasound Index and Estimated bone mineral density for further analysis. Furthermore, children were divided into three groups according to physical activity. Apart from the differences in Body fat % and body mass, there were no significant group differences for BMI, waist circumference and abdominal skinfold (p>0.05). The ANOVA showed significant differences (p<0.05) in all QUS measurements between three different intensities of physical activity. The results show that Body Mass and Body fat % were important predictors that discriminate children according to physical activity. Moreover, the results show that beside BMI and Body fat %, all calcaneus QUS measurements showed differences according to physical activity. In conclusion, our study showed differenses in all calcaneus QUS measurements according to physical activity level.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la diferencia entre el ultrasonido cuantitativo (USC) de calcáneo y la composición corporal según la actividad física en niños en edad preescolar. Se estudiaron 296 niños sanos (112 niñas y 184 niños) de diferentes jardines infantiles en Vojvodina, Serbia. Se evaluó la composición corporal de los niños. Las medidas de USC del talón se realizaron utilizando la velocidad del sonido, atenuación de ultrasonido de banda ancha, el índice de ultrasonidos cuantitativos y la densidad mineral ósea estimada para un análisis posterior. Los niños se dividieron en tres grupos según actividad física. Además de las diferencias de porcentaje de grasa corporal y masa corporal, no se observaron diferencias significativas de grupo en el índice de masa corporal (IMC), circunferencia de cintura y el pliegue abdominal (p> 0,05). El test de ANOVA mostró diferencias significativas (p <0,05) en todas las mediciones USC entre tres diferentes intensidades de actividad física. Los resultados muestran que la masa corporal y la grasa corporal fueron indicadores importantes que permiten diferenciar a los niños según la actividad física. Por otra parte, los resultados muestran que además del IMC y el porcentaje de grasa corporal, todas las mediciones de USC del calcáneo mostraron diferencias según el nivel de actividad física. En conclusion, nuestro estudio mostró diferencias en el USC de acuerdo al nivel de actividad física.
Descritores: Composição Corporal
Calcâneo/anatomia & histologia
Exercício
Ultrassom/métodos
-Análise de Variância
Peso Corporal
Densidade Óssea
Calcâneo/diagnóstico por imagem
Sérvia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Pré-Escolar
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-893041
Autor: Pavlica, Tatjana; Rakic, Rada; Sironjic, Tijana.
Título: Changes in morphological characteristics during the period 2005 ­ 2014 in a sample of Serbian 7 - year-old children / Cambios en las características morfológicas durante el período 2005 - 2014 en una muestra de niños serbios de 7 años de edad
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;35(2):691-697, June 2017. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Morphological characteristics of children commonly imply the processes of growth and development. Information on children's growth in height and their body weight is often used as the indicator of the children's health and nutritional status. As the parameters are changeable both temporally and spatially, it is important to provide their continual assessment. The aim of the study is to investigate the changes in morphological characteristics in a sample of Serbian 7-year-old children in the period 2005 ­ 2014. The data was gathered from medical documentation recorded in the period 2005-2014 in the local health-care centre "Dr Dusan Savic­ Doda" in Beocin, which is situated in the central part of the province Vojvodina, the north-west part of Serbia. Most of the population consists of Serbs (69.7 %), and the second largest group are Roma (9 %) who came to this region in the 1990s as refugees from Kosovo. The categorization of the participants was based on their decimal age ranging from 6.50 to 7.49 years. Body height and weight were measured, and nutritional status categories were set in relation to the cut off values of body mass index (BMI) of the age of 7 (kg/m2) as proposed by IOTF- International Obesity Task Force. The study has pointed to an increasing trend in height and a decrease of BMI. Analysing the period of ten years, the height, weight and BMI in seven-year-olds living on the territory on Beocin municipality have proven to be slightly lower than in the children of the same age in other parts of Vojvodina and Serbia. The obtained results point to the need of further investigations of children living in this region in order to provide a better insight into the changes of the morphological parameters.

Las características morfológicas de los niños suelen implicar los procesos de crecimiento y desarrollo. La información sobre el crecimiento de los niños en altura y peso corporal se utiliza a menudo como el indicador de su salud y de su estado nutricional. Como los parámetros son cambiantes tanto temporalmente como espacialmente, es importante realizar una evaluación continua. El objetivo del estudio fue investigar los cambios en las características morfológicas en una muestra de niños serbios de 7 años en el período 2005-2014. Los datos se obtuvieron de la documentación médica registrada en el período 2005-2014 en el Centro de Atención de Salud "Dr Dusan Savic - Doda" en Beocin, situado en la region central de la provincia Vojvodina, al Noroeste de Serbia. La mayor parte de la población se compone de serbios (69,7 %) y el segundo grupo más grande son los romaníes (9 %) que llegaron a esta región en la década de 1990 como refugiados de Kosovo. Los participantes fueron clasificados en base a su edad decimal de 6,50 a 7,49 años. Se midió la estatura y el peso corporal y se establecieron las categorías de estado nutricional en relación con los valores de corte del índice de masa corporal (IMC) de 7 años de edad (kg / m2), según lo propuesto por IOTF International Obesity Task Force. El estudio ha señalado una tendencia creciente en altura y una disminución del IMC. Analizando el período de diez años, la altura, el peso y el IMC en niños de siete años que viven en el territorio del municipio de Beocin han demostrado ser ligeramente más bajos que en los niños de la misma edad en otras areas de Vojvodina y Serbia. Los resultados obtenidos apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas investigaciones de los niños que viven en esta región con el fin de proporcionar una mejor visión de los cambios en los parámetros morfológicos.
Descritores: Estatura
Índice de Massa Corporal
Peso Corporal
Desenvolvimento Infantil
-Crescimento
Estado Nutricional
Sérvia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Criança
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-787048
Autor: Jakovljevic, Sasa; Macura, Marija; Radivoj, Mandic; Jankovic, Nenad; Pajic, Zoran; Erculj, Frane.
Título: Biological maturity status and motor performance in fourteen-year-old basketball players / Estado de madurez biológica y desempeño motriz en jugadores de baloncesto de catorce años de edad
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;34(2):637-643, June 2016. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The aims of this study were to detect biological maturity and certain athletic skills in boys aged 14 participating in competitive basketball, and to compare certain athletic skills of participants according to their biological maturity status. The participants were most talented Serbian basketball players (n= 49) who were divided into three groups according to their maturity status: early (n= 14), average (n= 24) and late maturing (n= 11). Biological maturity status of participants was assessed by technique developed by Mirwald et al. (2002). Nine tests of basic athletic skills: vertical jump, medicine ball throwing, run at 20, 30 and 50 m, agility t-test, zigzag agility drill, agility run 4x15 m, the line drill, as well as four basketball skills field tests (speed spot shooting, passing, control dribble and defensive movement) were applied. The results of this study showed that the three groups of subjects differed in applied variables (p <0.05). Average maturers achieved the best results in almost all variables, while late maturers achieved the worst results. Early maturers achieved the best results only in one variable - medicine ball throwing. Only harmonized chronological and biological age, i.e. chronological and biological growth and development, enable the best demonstration of motor abilities based on morphological characteristics.

Los objetivos fueron detectar la madurez biológica y ciertas habilidades atléticas en los varones mayores de 14 años que participan en el baloncesto competitivo, y compararlas en función de su estado de madurez biológica. La muestra se conformó con jugadores de baloncesto serbios de mayor talento (n= 49) que fueron divididos en tres grupos de acuerdo a su estado de madurez: temprana (n= 14), promedio (n= 24) y tardía (n= 11). El estado de madurez biológica de los participantes se evaluó mediante la técnica desarrollada por Mirwald et al. (2002). Se aplicaron nueve pruebas de habilidades atléticas básicas: salto vertical, lanzamiento de balón medicinal, carrera de 20, 30 y 50 m, prueba t de agilidad, agilidad en zig-zag, carrera en 4x15 m, línea de perforación, así como pruebas de campo de baloncesto de cuatro habilidades (velocidad de disparos punto, de paso, control de regate y movimiento defensivo). Los resultados de este estudio mostraron que los tres grupos de sujetos diferían en variables aplicadas (p <0,05). Los jugadores de maduración media obtuvieron los mejores resultados en casi todas las variables, mientras que los jugadores de maduración tardía alcanzaron los peores resultados. Los jugadores de maduración temprana lograron el mejor resultado en sólo una variable ­ el lanzamiento de balón medicinal. Solamente el desarrollo cronológico armónico y la edad biológica, es decir, el crecimiento y el desarrollo cronológico y biológico, permiten la mejor demostración de las habilidades motoras basadas en características morfológicas.
Descritores: Fatores Etários
Desempenho Atlético/fisiologia
Basquetebol
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
-Sérvia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adolescente
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-780880
Autor: Mihailović-Vučinić, Violeta; Gvozdenović, Branislav; Stjepanović, Mihailo; Vuković, Mira; Marković-Denić, Ljiljana; Milovanović, Aleksandar; Videnović-Ivanov, Jelica; Žugić, Vladimir; Škodrić-Trifunović, Vesna; Filipović, Snežana; Omčikus, Maja.
Título: Administering the Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire to sarcoidosis patients in Serbia / Aplicação do Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire em pacientes com sarcoidose na Sérvia
Fonte: J. bras. pneumol;42(2):99-105, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ministry of Education and Science.
Resumo: Objective: The aim of this study was to use a Serbian-language version of the disease-specific, self-report Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire (SHQ), which was designed and originally validated in the United States, to assess health status in sarcoidosis patients in Serbia, as well as validating the instrument for use in the country. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 346 patients with biopsy-confirmed sarcoidosis. To evaluate the health status of the patients, we used the SHQ, which was translated into Serbian for the purposes of this study. We compared SHQ scores by patient gender and age, as well as by disease duration and treatment. Lower SHQ scores indicate poorer health status. Results: The SHQ scores demonstrated differences in health status among subgroups of the sarcoidosis patients evaluated. Health status was found to be significantly poorer among female patients and older patients, as well as among those with chronic sarcoidosis or extrapulmonary manifestations of the disease. Monotherapy with methotrexate was found to be associated with better health status than was monotherapy with prednisone or combination therapy with prednisone and methotrexate. Conclusions: The SHQ is a reliable, disease-specific, self-report instrument. Although originally designed for use in the United States, the SHQ could be a useful tool for the assessment of health status in various non-English-speaking populations of sarcoidosis patients.

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi utilizar uma versão no idioma sérvio do Sarcoidosis Health Questionnaire (SHQ), um questionário de autorrelato doença-específico, concebido e originalmente validado nos EUA, para verificar o estado de saúde de pacientes com sarcoidose na Sérvia, além de validar o instrumento para uso no país. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 346 pacientes com sarcoidose confirmada por biópsia. Para avaliar o estado de saúde dos pacientes, utilizamos o SHQ, o qual foi traduzido para o sérvio para os propósitos deste estudo. Comparamos os escores do SHQ por gênero, idade, duração da doença e tratamento. Escores do SHQ mais baixos indicam pior estado de saúde. Resultados: Os escores do SHQ demonstraram diferenças no estado de saúde entre os subgrupos de pacientes avaliados. O estado de saúde foi significativamente pior entre as mulheres e pacientes mais velhos, assim como entre aqueles com sarcoidose crônica ou com manifestações extrapulmonares da doença. A monoterapia com metotrexato associou-se com melhor estado de saúde do que a monoterapia com prednisona ou a terapia combinada com prednisona e metotrexato. Conclusões: O SHQ é um instrumento de autorrelato doença-específico confiável. Embora originalmente concebido para uso nos EUA, o SHQ pode ser uma ferramenta útil na avaliação do estado de saúde de populações de pacientes com sarcoidose em vários países de língua não inglesa.
Descritores: Nível de Saúde
Sarcoidose/fisiopatologia
Autorrelato/normas
Inquéritos e Questionários
-Análise de Variância
Estudos Transversais
Linguagem
Qualidade de Vida
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sarcoidose/psicologia
Sarcoidose/terapia
Sérvia
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Traduções
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Estudos de Validação
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-774623
Autor: Galić, Biljana Srdić; Pavlica, Tatjana; Udicki, Mirjana; Stokić, Edita; Mikalački, Milena; Korovljev, Darinka; Čokorilo, Nebojša; Drvendžija, Zorka; Adamović, Dragan.
Título: Somatotype characteristics of normal-weight and obese women among different metabolic subtypes
Fonte: Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online);60(1):60-65, Feb. 2016. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Provincial Secretary for Science and Technological Development.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Background Obesity is a well known risk factor for the development of metabolic abnormalities. However, some obese people are healthy and on the other hand some people with normal weight have adverse metabolic profile, therefore it can be assumed that there is a difference in physical characteristics amongst these people. The aim of this study was to establish whether there are somatotype differences between metabolically healthy and metabolically obese women who are obese or of normal weight. Subjects and methods Study included 230 women aged 44.76 ± 11.21y. Metabolic status was assessed according to IDF criteria, while somatotype was obtained using Heath & Carter method. Results Significant somatotype differences were observed in the group of women with normal-weight: metabolically healthy women had significantly lower endomorphy, mesomorphy and higher ectomorphy compared to metabolically obese normal-weight women (5.84-3.97-2.21 vs. 8.69-6.47-0.65). Metabolically healthy obese women had lower values of endomorphy and mesomorphy and higher values of ectomorphy compared to ‘at risk’ obese women but the differences were not statistically significant (7.59-5.76-0.63 vs. 8.51-6.58-0.5). Ectomorphy was shown as an important determinant of the favorable metabolic profile (cutoff point was 0.80). Conclusion We concluded that, in addition to fat mass, metabolic profile could be predicted by the structure of lean body mass, and in particular by body linearity.
Descritores: Peso Corporal Ideal
Metaboloma
Obesidade/metabolismo
Somatotipos
-Antropometria
Glicemia/análise
Composição Corporal/fisiologia
Estado Nutricional
Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/sangue
Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/classificação
Obesidade/classificação
Fatores de Risco
Sérvia
Triglicerídeos/análise
Limites: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-755802
Autor: Jovanovic, Dragutin; Atanasievska, Sonja; Protic-Djokic, Vesna; Rakic, Uros; Lukac-Radoncic, Elvira; Ristanovic, Elizabeta.
Título: Seroprevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi in occupationally exposed persons in the Belgrade area, Serbia
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;46(3):807-814, July-Sept. 2015. tab, ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo:

Lyme disease (LD) is a natural focal zoonotic disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, which is mainly transmitted through infected Ixodes ricinus tick bites. The presence and abundance of ticks in various habitats, the infectivity rate, as well as prolonged human exposure to ticks are factors that may affect the infection risk as well as the incidence of LD. In recent years, 20% to 25% of ticks infected with different borrelial species, as well as about 5,300 citizens with LD, have been registered in the Belgrade area. Many of the patients reported tick bites in city’s grassy areas. The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of B. burgdorferi in high-risk groups (forestry workers and soldiers) in the Belgrade area, and to compare the results with healthy blood donors. A two-step algorithm consisting of ELISA and Western blot tests was used in the study. Immunoreactivity profiles were also compared between the groups. The results obtained showed the seroprevalence to be 11.76% in the group of forestry workers, 17.14% in the group of soldiers infected by tick bites and 8.57% in the population of healthy blood donors. The highest IgM reactivity was detected against the OspC protein, while IgG antibodies showed high reactivity against VlsE, p19, p41, OspC, OspA and p17. Further investigations in this field are necessary in humans and animals in order to improve protective and preventive measures against LD.

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Descritores: Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Borrelia burgdorferi/imunologia
Borrelia burgdorferi/isolamento & purificação
Doença de Lyme/epidemiologia
Exposição Ocupacional
-Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Agricultura Florestal
Imunoglobulina G/sangue
Imunoglobulina M/sangue
Insetos Vetores/microbiologia
Ixodes/microbiologia
Doença de Lyme/microbiologia
Doença de Lyme/transmissão
Militares
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Limites: Adulto
Animais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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