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Baptista, Ida Maria Foschiani Dias
Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas
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Id: lil-744471
Autor: Pedro, Heloisa da Silveira Paro; Nardi, Susilene Maria Tonelli; Pereira, Maria Izabel Ferreira; Oliveira, Rosângela Siqueira; Suffys, Philip Noel; Gomes, Harrison Magdinier; Finardi, Amanda Juliane; Moraes, Eloise Brasil de; Baptista, Ida Maria Foschiani Dias; Machado, Ricardo Luiz Dantas; Castiglioni, Lilian.
Título: Clinical and epidemiological profiles of individuals with drug-resistant tuberculosis
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;110(2):235-248, 04/2015. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a growing global threat. Approximately 450,000 people developed multidrug-resistant TB worldwide in 2012 and an estimated 170,000 people died from the disease. This paper describes the sociodemographic, clinical-epidemiological and bacteriological aspects of TB and correlates these features with the distribution of anti-TB drug resistance. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) cultures and drug susceptibility testing were performed according to the BACTEC MGIT 960 method. The results demonstrated that MT strains from individuals who received treatment for TB and people who were infected with human immunodeficiency virus were more resistant to TB drugs compared to other individuals (p < 0.05). Approximately half of the individuals received supervised treatment, but most drug-resistant cases were positive for pulmonary TB and exhibited positive acid-fast bacilli smears, which are complicating factors for TB control programs. Primary healthcare is the ideal level for early disease detection, but tertiary healthcare is the most common entry point for patients into the system. These factors require special attention from healthcare managers and professionals to effectively control and monitor the spread of TB drug-resistant cases.
Descritores: Tratamento Farmacológico
Medicamentos sem Prescrição/administração & dosagem
-Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Idoso
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-962745
Autor: Rakiç, Jelena Gudelj; Maksimoviç, Milos;; Jankoviç, Janko; Vlajinac, Hristina; Marinkoviç, Jelena.
Título: Relationship between socioeconomic and nutritional status in the Serbian adult population: a cross-sectional study
Fonte: Säo Paulo med. j;136(4):310-318, July-Aug. 2018. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status is a well-known risk factor for obesity. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between socioeconomic and nutritional status in the Serbian adult population. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on data from the 2013 National Health Survey performed in Serbia. METHODS: The study population consisted of adults aged ≥ 20 years. Face-to-face interviews and anthropometric measurements were conducted by trained staff. Associations between body mass index and sociodemographic variables were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Out of 12,461 subjects of both sexes, 36.4% were overweight and 22.4% were obese. The prevalences of overweight and obesity differed significantly between the sexes, regarding all sociodemographic characteristics. Among women, educational attainment was associated with lower risk of being overweight (odds ratio, OR = 0.82; 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.69-0.98 for medium-level and OR = 0.77; CI: 0.62-0.97 for higher education) or obese (OR = 0.68; CI: 0.57-0.82 for medium-level and OR = 0.41; CI: 0.31-0.54 for higher education). In contrast, medium-level (OR = 1.28; CI: 1.08-1.52) and highly educated men (OR = 1.39; CI: 1.11-1.74) were more frequently overweight than were those with low education. Among men, grade I obesity was positively related to the richest wealth index group (OR = 1.27), while the opposite was true for grade II obesity among women (OR = 0.61). CONCLUSION: This study showed significant socioeconomic inequalities in nutritional status between men and women. Continuous monitoring of socioeconomic patterns relating to weight is important, especially with further exploration of the link between education and obesity.
Descritores: Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estado Nutricional
Obesidade/epidemiologia
-Estudos Transversais
Entrevistas como Assunto
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Idoso
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-676168
Autor: Popovic, Stevo; Bjelica, Dusko; Molnar, Slavko; Jaksic, Damjan; Akpinar, Selcuk.
Título: Body height and its estimation utilizing arm span measurements in Serbian adults / Altura corporal y su estimación utilizando mediciones de envergadura en adultos serbios
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;31(1):271-279, mar. 2013. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Anthropologists recognized the tallness of nations in the Dinaric Alps long time ago. As the modern Serbians fall more into the Dinaric racial classification than any other does, the purpose of this study was to examine the body height in Serbian adults as well as the relationship between arm span as an alternative to estimating the body height, which vary in different ethnic and racial groups. The nature and scope of this study analyzes 394 students (318 men, aged 20.13±1.47 and 76 women, aged 19.59±1.46) from the University of Novi Sad to be subjects. The anthropometric measurements were taken according to the protocol of the ISAK. Means and standard deviations were obtained. A comparison of means of body heights and arm spans within each gender group and between genders were carried out using a t-test. The relationships between body height and arm span were determined using simple correlation coefficients and their 95% confidence interval. Then a linear regression analysis was performed to examine the extent to which the arm span can reliably predict body height. The results have shown that male Serbians are 181.96±6.74 cm tall and have an arm span of 184.78±8.41 cm, while female Serbians are 166.82±5.88 cm tall and have an arm span of 164.67±8.09 cm. Compared to other studies, the results of this study have shown that both genders make Serbian population one of the tallest nations on the earth. Moreover, the arm span reliably predicts body height in both genders. However, the estimation equations, which were obtained in Serbians, are substantially different alike in other populations, since arm span was close to body heights: in men 2.82±4.89 cm more than the body height and in women 2.15±4.68 cm less than the body height. This confirms the necessity for developing separate height models for each population.

Los antropólogos estimaron la altura de las naciones en los Alpes Dináricos hace mucho tiempo. Como los Serbios modernos caen en la clasificación racial de Dináricos, el propósito de este estudio fue examinar la altura corporal en adultos serbios, así como la relación con la longitud de la envergadura de brazo a brazo como una alternativa a la estimación de la altura corporal, que varía en los diferentes grupos étnicos y raciales. Se analizó a 394 estudiantes (318 hombres y 76 mujeres, con edades entre 20,13±1,47 años y 19,59±1,46 años, respectivamente) de la Universidad de Novi Sad. Las medidas antropométricas fueron tomadas de acuerdo con el protocolo de ISAK, obteniendo Medias y DE. La comparación de la media de altura corporal y envergadura dentro de cada grupo y entre sexos se realizó con la prueba t. Las relaciones entre estatura y envergaduras se determinaron mediante coeficientes de correlación simple, con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. También se realizó un análisis de regresión lineal para examinar el grado en que la envergadura puede prever con exactitud la altura corporal. Los resultados mostraron que los hombres Serbios tienen una altura de 181,96±6,74 cm, y una envergadura de 184,78±8,41 cm, mientras que las mujeres una altura de 166,82±5,88 cm y una envergadura de 164,67±8,09 cm. En comparación con otros estudios, estos resultados demuestran que para ambos sexos, la población Serbia es una de las más altas. Por otra parte, la envergadura predice confiablemente la altura corporal en ambos sexos. Sin embargo, las ecuaciones de estimación obtenidas en esta población son sustancialmente diferentes a otras poblaciones, ya que la envergadura fue cercana a la altura corporal: en hombres 2,82±4,89 cm mayor a la altura corporal y en mujeres 2,15±4,68 cm menor a ésta. Esto confirma la necesidad de desarrollar diferentes modelos de para determinar la altura en cada población.
Descritores: Braço/anatomia & histologia
Estatura
Antropometria/métodos
-Análise de Regressão
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1134452
Autor: Knezi, Nikola; Isaretovic, Vladimir; Adjic, Ivan; Babic, Nikola; Maric, Dusica; Stojsic-Dzunja, Ljubica.
Título: Morphometric analysis of the palpebral fissure and canthal distance in Serbian young adults / Análisis morfométrico de la fisura palpebral y la distancia cantal en adultos jóvenes serbios
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;38(5):1381-1385, oct. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: Frontaly and anteriorly the orbit is closed by a skin-muscular closure of eyelids. The eyelids limit the palpebral fissure, which is subject to geographical, racial, and age variations. As a part of the face, eyelids and palpebral fissure play a very important role in the attractiveness of the individual, but al so in the diagnosis of certain local and systemic pathological processes. The aim of the study was to perform a morphometric analysis of the palpebral fissure in a young population without pathological conditions and syndromes. The study was conducted on 90 subjects (45 male and 45 female) aged 19.28±0.69 years. Subjects were photographed with a Nikon D3400 camera, and the morphometric parameters were measured with the ImageJ 1.48v software. Statistical analysis of the data was performed in Windows Excel. The measurements in the study were the distance between the mid-points of both pupils, distance between both external canthi, distance between both internal canthi, palpebral fissure width and palpebral fissure height at three points. The average height of the palpebral fissure to the right is 9.35±1.55 mm and to the left is 9.41±1.56 mm. The average width of the palpebral fissure on the right is 27.05±1.71 mm and on the left is 27.18±1.68 mm. It was found that there was some difference in the measured parameters, however, this difference was not statistically significant.

RESUMEN: El músculo orbicular de los ojos se encuentra en la cara, delante de la órbita y debajo de la piel. Los párpados limitan la fisura palpebral, la abertura natural, sujeta a variaciones geográficas, raciales y de edad. Los párpados y la fisura palpebral juegan un papel importante en la estética de las personas, pero también en el diagnóstico de ciertos procesos patológicos locales y sistémicos. El objetivo del estudio fue realizar un análisis morfométrico de la fisura palpebral en una población joven sin enfermedades o condiciones patológicas. El estudio se realizó en 90 sujetos (45 hombres y 45 mujeres) de 19,28 ± 0,69 años. Los sujetos fueron fotografiados con una cámara Nikon D3400, y los parámetros morfométricos se midieron con el software ImageJ 1.48v. El análisis estadístico de los datos se realizó en Windows Excel. Se midieron la distancia entre los puntos medios de ambas pupilas, la distancia entre ambos cantos laterales, la distancia entre ambos cantos mediales, el ancho de la fisura palpebral y la altura de la fisura palpebral en tres puntos. La altura promedio de la fisura palpebral a la derecha fue 9,35 ± 1,55 mm y a la izquierda fue 9,41 ± 1,56 mm. El ancho promedio de la fisura palpebral a la derecha era 27,05 ± 1,71 mm y a la izquierda era 27,18 ± 1,68 mm. Se determinó una diferencia leve en los parámetros medidos, sin embargo, esta diferencia no fue estadísticamente significativa.
Descritores: Pálpebras/anatomia & histologia
-Estudos Prospectivos
Olho/anatomia & histologia
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1056340
Autor: Bandini, Marco; Sekulovic, Sasha; Stanojevic, Nikola; Spiridonescu, Bogdan; Pesic, Vladislav; Sansalone, Salvatore; Slavkovic, Milan; Briganti, Alberto; Salonia, Andrea; Montorsi, Francesco; Djinovic, Rados.
Título: Prevalence and surgical management of pubic hypertrophy in hypospadias patients: results from a high-volume surgeon
Fonte: Int. braz. j. urol;45(6):1238-1248, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Introduction: Pubic hypertrophy, defined as an abnormal and abundant round mass of fatty tissue located over the pubic symphysis, is frequently underestimated in patients with hypospadias. We examined the prevalence of this condition, as well as the outcomes associated with its surgical treatment. Material and methods: Within 266 hypospadias patients treated at our clinic, we assessed the prevalence of pubic hypertrophy, and we schematically described the surgical steps of pubic lipectomy. Multivariable logistic regression (MLR) tested for predictors of pubic hypertrophy. Finally, separate MLRs tested for predictors of fistula and any complications after pubic lipectomy. Results: Of 266 hypospadias patients, 100 (37.6%) presented pubic hypertrophy and underwent pubic lipectomy. Patients with pubic hypertrophy more frequently had proximal hypospadias (44 vs. 7.8%), disorders of sex development (DSD) (10 vs. 0.6%), cryptorchidism (12 vs. 2.4%), and moderate (30°-60°) or severe (>60°) penile curvature (33 vs. 4.2%). In MLR, the location of urethral meatus (proximal, Odds ratio [OR]: 10.1, p<0.001) was the only significant predictor of pubic hypertrophy. Finally, pubic lipectomy was not associated with increased risk of fistula (OR: 1.12, p=0.7) or any complications (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.64-2.88, p=0.4) after multivariable adjustment. Conclusions: One out of three hypospadias patients, referred to our center, presented pubic hypertrophy and received pubic lipectomy. This rate was higher in patients with proximal hypospadias suggesting a correlation between pubic hypertrophy and severity of hypospadias. Noteworthy, pubic lipectomy was not associated with increased risk of fistula or any complications.
Descritores: Lipectomia/métodos
Hipospadia/cirurgia
Hipospadia/epidemiologia
-Pênis/cirurgia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Osso Púbico/cirurgia
Modelos Logísticos
Prevalência
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Resultado do Tratamento
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Hipertrofia/cirurgia
Hipertrofia/epidemiologia
Ilustração Médica
Limites: Humanos
Adolescente
Adulto
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-950549
Autor: Maranhão-Filho, Péricles; Vincent, Maurice.
Título: Lazarevic-Lasègue sign / Sinal de Lazarevic-Lasègue
Fonte: Arq. neuropsiquiatr;76(6):421-423, June 2018. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Charles Lasègue is reputed to have described the test/sign bearing his name, but he never wrote about it and misinterpreted its mechanism. The purpose of this note is to highlight the work of the Serbian, Laza Lazarević, who was first to present the original report of this seminal sign in sciatica and provide its appropriate pathophysiological interpretation.

RESUMO Charles Lasègue guarda a reputação de ter descrito o sinal que leva seu nome, mas nunca escreveu sobre isso e interpretava erradamente sua etiopatogenia. O propósito desta nota é chamar atenção para o trabalho do sérvio Laza Lazarević, que apresentou a descrição original do sinal mais importante na ciatalgia e forneceu a interpretação apropriada da sua fisiopatologia.
Descritores: Ciática/história
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Neurológico/história
-Sérvia
França
Limites: História do Século XIX
Tipo de Publ: Artigo Histórico
Biografia
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-828117
Autor: Bjekić, Milan; Vlajinac, Hristina; Šipetić-Grujičić, Sandra.
Título: Characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis cases among the Roma ethnic group in Belgrade, Serbia
Fonte: Braz. j. infect. dis;20(4):349-353, July-Aug. 2016. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Background The Roma ethnic group is the largest and most marginalized minority in Europe, believed to be vulnerable to sexually transmitted infections. Aim The purpose of the study was to investigate frequency and characteristics of gonorrhea and syphilis among the Roma population in Belgrade. Methods Data from the City Institute for Skin and Venereal Diseases to which all gonorrhea and syphilis cases are referred were analyzed. Results During the period of 2010–2014 sexually transmitted infections were more frequent among Roma than in rest of Belgrade population. Average percentages of Roma among all reported subjects with syphilis and those with gonorrhea were 9.6% and 13.5%, respectively, while the percentage of Roma in the total Belgrade population was about 1.6%. Roma with syphilis and gonorrhea were more frequently men (75%), most frequently aged 20–29 years (43.4%), never married (64.5%), with elementary school or less (59.2%), unemployed (80.3%), and heterosexual (89.5%). Among Roma 10.5% were sex workers and 68.4% did not know the source of their infection. Significant differences between Roma cases and other cases in Belgrade in all characteristics observed were in agreement with differences between Roma population and the total population of Serbia. Conclusion The present study confirmed the vulnerability of the Roma population to sexually transmitted infections.
Descritores: Gonorreia/etnologia
Sífilis/etnologia
-Assunção de Riscos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Incidência
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Adulto
Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1124860
Autor: Knezi, Nikola; Stojsic, Dzunja Ljubica; Adjic, Ivan; Maric, Dusica; Pupovac, Nikolina.
Título: Morphology of the pterion in Serbian population / Morfología del pterion en población serbia
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;38(4):820-824, Aug. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The pterion is a topographic point on the lateral aspect of the skull where frontal, sphenoid, parietal and temporal bones form the H or K shaped suture. This is an important surgical point for the lesions in anterior and middle cranial fossa. This study was performed on 50 dry skulls from Serbian adult individuals from Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad. The type of the pterion on both sides of each skull was determined and they are calcified in four types (sphenoparietal, frontotemporal, stellate and epipteric). The distance between the center of the pterion and defined anthropological landmarks were measured using the ImageJ software. Sphenoparietal type is predominant with 86 % in right side and 88 % in left side. In male skulls, the distance from the right pterion to the frontozygomatic suture is 39.89±3.85 mm and 39.67±4.61 mm from the left pterion to the frontozygomatic suture. In female skulls the distance is 37.38±6.38 mm on the right and 35.94±6.46 mm on the left. The shape and the localization of the pterion are important because it is an anatomical landmark and should be used in neurosurgery, traumatology and ophthalmology.

El pterion es un punto topográfico en la cara lateral del cráneo donde los huesos frontales, esfenoides, parietales y temporales forman la sutura en forma de H o K. Este es un punto quirúrgico importante para las lesiones en la fosa craneal anterior y media. Este estudio se realizó en 50 cráneos secos de adultos serbios del Departamento de Anatomía de la Facultad de Medicina de Novi Sad. Se determinó el tipo de pterión en ambos lados de cada cráneo y se calcifican en cuatro tipos (esfenoparietal, frontotemporal, estrellado y epipterico). La distancia entre el centro del pterion y los puntos de referencia antropológicos definidos se midió utilizando el software ImageJ. El tipo esfenoparietal es predominante con 86 % en el lado derecho y 88 % en el lado izquierdo. En los cráneos masculinos, la distancia desde el pterion derecho hasta la sutura frontocigomática es 39,89 ± 3,85 mm y 39,67 ± 4,61 mm desde el pterion izquierdo hasta la sutura frontocigomática. En los cráneos femeninos, la distancia es 37,38 ± 6,38 mm a la derecha y 35,94 ± 6,46 mm a la izquierda. La forma y la localización del pterion son importantes debido a que es un indicador anatómico y debe usarse en neurocirugía, traumatología y oftalmología.
Descritores: Crânio/anatomia & histologia
-Osso Esfenoide/anatomia & histologia
Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia
Zigoma/anatomia & histologia
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1124892
Autor: Pupovac, Nikolina; Eric, Mirela; Sekulic, Slobodan; Knezi, Nikola; Vlaski, Angelina; Hajder, Dragica; Petkovic, Branka.
Título: Morphological and morphometric analysis of the external aperture of the carotid canal in Serbian population / Análisis morfológico y morfométrico de la apertura externa del canal carotídeo en la población Serbia
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;38(4):1026-1031, Aug. 2020. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia.
Resumo: The carotid canal is located in the petrous part of the temporal bone and transmits the internal carotid artery along with the venous and sympathetic nerve plexus. The shape, location and dimensions of the carotid canal are clinically very important especially in cases of skull base surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological and morphometric parameters of the external aperture of the carotid canal in Serbian population. The study included 24 dry adult skulls and 36 dry adult temporal bones. Diameters and distances of the external aperture of the carotid canal from various important landmarks of the skull base were measured. The shape of the external carotid canal aperture was also noted. Digital data were processed in the ImageJ software. The average length of the external aperture of the carotid canal in all investigated specimens (skulls and temporal bones) on the right and left sides was 7.31±1.01 mm and 7.71±1.06 mm, respectively. The average width of the external aperture of the carotid canal on the right side was 5.82±0.78 mm while on the left side was 6.20±1.04 mm. The frequency of different shapes of the external aperture of the carotid canal was as follows: round in 45 (53.57 %), oval in 25 (29.76 %), and the rarest was almond shape noted in 13 (15.47 %) cases. There were no statistically significant differences in all measured parameters between genders and body sides. The only statistical significance was found in females between right and left side in relation with length (AP diameter) of the external aperture of the carotid canal. The results of this study will be useful for neurosurgeons to improve different surgical approaches to the petrous part of the internal carotid artery and prevent its complications.

El conducto carotídeo se encuentra en la parte petrosa del hueso temporal y da paso a la arteria carótida interna junto con el plexo nervioso venoso y simpático. La forma, ubicación y dimensiones del canal carotídeo son clínicamente muy importantes, especialmente en casos de cirugía de la base del cráneo. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar los parámetros morfológicos y morfométricos de la apertura externa del canal carotídeo en la población serbia. El estudio incluyó 24 cráneos adultoss y 36 huesos temporales adultos secos. Se midieron los diámetros y distancias de la apertura externa desde varios puntos de referencia de la base del cráneo. También se observó la forma de la apertura del canal carotídeo externo. Los datos digitales se procesaron con Software ImageJ. La longitud promedio de la apertura en todos los especímenes investigados (cráneos y huesos temporales) en los lados derecho e izquierdo fue de 7,31 ± 1,01 mm y 7,71 ± 1,06 mm, respectivamente. El ancho promedio de la apertura en el lado derecho fue de 5,82 ± 0,78 mm mientras que en el lado izquierdo fue de 6,20 ± 1,04 mm. La frecuencia de las diferentes formas de la abertura externa fue la siguiente: redonda en 45 (53,57 %), ovalada en 25 (29,76 %), y la más rara fue la forma de almendra observada en 13 (15,47 %) casos. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en todos los parámetros medidos entre sexos y lados del cuerpo. La única estadística significativa se encontró en las mujeres entre el lado derecho e izquierdo en relación con la longitud (diámetro AP) de la apertura externa del conducto carotídeo. Los resultados de este estudio serán útiles para un mejor enfoque quirúrgico de los neurocirujanos en la parte petrosa de la arteria carótida interna, y advertir posibles complicaciones.
Descritores: Osso Temporal/anatomia & histologia
Artéria Carótida Interna
-Osso Petroso/anatomia & histologia
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1054895
Autor: Markovic, Milica; Soldatovic, Ivan; Bjekic, Milan; Sipetic-Grujicic, Sandra.
Título: Adolescents' self perceived acne-related beliefs: from myth to science
Fonte: An. bras. dermatol;94(6):684-690, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Abstract Background: Acne vulgaris is recognized as the third most prevalent skin disease worldwide, with highest prevalence among adolescents. Beliefs and perceptions of adolescents about acne are incoherent in the literature. Objectives: To assess the most frequently reported acne-related beliefs in adolescents in order to focus on misconceptions and develop proper recommendations. Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study on representative sample of 2516 schoolchildren was conducted in six randomly selected secondary schools in Belgrade, Serbia. Only schoolchildren with present or past acne history participated. Factors believed to aggravate or ameliorate acne were recorded and analyzed, and the comparisons between girls and boys were evaluated using Pearson's chi-squared test. Results: A total of 1452 schoolchildren with acne participated, aged 14-18 years, among them 801 (55.2%) girls and 651 (44.8%) boys. Boys significantly more frequently believed that sweating, exercise, and dairy foods aggravate acne, whereas girls significantly more frequently blamed emotional stress, sweets, fatty foods, sun, and lack of sleep. The top four amelioration factors were as follows: comedone extraction, healthy diet, sun exposure, and increased water consumption. Acne regression was more frequently perceived to be linked with cigarettes in boys, but with sun exposure and weight loss in girls. Study limitations: The narrow age span of adolescents (14-18 years) and exclusion of acne-free adolescents are limitations due to study design. Conclusion: This survey is part of the first epidemiological study on a representative sample in the Western Balkan region. The significance of the most frequent acne-related beliefs is discussed and myths about acne are highlighted.
Descritores: Autoimagem
Acne Vulgar/etiologia
Cultura
-Qualidade de Vida
Fatores Sexuais
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Estudos Transversais
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Risco
Acne Vulgar/psicologia
Sérvia
Limites: Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adolescente
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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