Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : Z01.542.816.186 [Categoria DeCS]
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Id: biblio-1046812
Autor: Kellner, Carolina.
Título: Los niños que asistieron a guarderías tuvieron un aumento mínimo y transitorio de la cantidad de días con infecciones respiratorias / The children who attended kindergartens they had a minimal and transitory increase of the number of days with infections respiratory
Fonte: Evid. actual. práct. ambul;22(2):e002008, sept. 2019. graf., tab..
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Creches
-Infecções Respiratórias/tratamento farmacológico
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Cuidado do Lactente
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Lactente
Tipo de Publ: Comentário
Responsável: AR2.1 - Biblioteca Central


  2 / 20 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1002332
Autor: Florence, Ana Carolina; Yasui, Silvio.
Título: Abordagem Open Dialogue na Finlândia: entrevista com Jaakko Seikkula / Open Dialogue Approach in Finland: interview with Jaakko Seikkula / Abordage Open Dialogue en Finlandia: entrevista con Jaakko Seikkula
Fonte: Interface (Botucatu, Online);23:e180239, 2019. graf.
Idioma: pt.
Descritores: Saúde Mental/tendências
-Finlândia
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tipo de Publ: Entrevista
Responsável: BR33.1 - Divisão Técnica de Biblioteca e Documentação


  3 / 20 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-742967
Autor: Gaspar, Gilberto Gambero; Menegueti, Mayra Gonçalves; Auxiliadora-Martins, Maria; Basile-Filho, Anibal; Martinez, Roberto.
Título: Evaluation of the predictive indices for candidemia in an adult intensive care unit
Fonte: Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop;48(1):77-82, jan-feb/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: INTRODUCTION: To evaluate predictive indices for candidemia in an adult intensive care unit (ICU) and to propose a new index. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted between January 2011 and December 2012. This study was performed in an ICU in a tertiary care hospital at a public university and included 114 patients staying in the adult ICU for at least 48 hours. The association of patient variables with candidemia was analyzed. RESULTS: There were 18 (15.8%) proven cases of candidemia and 96 (84.2%) cases without candidemia. Univariate analysis revealed the following risk factors: parenteral nutrition, severe sepsis, surgical procedure, dialysis, pancreatitis, acute renal failure, and an APACHE II score higher than 20. For the Candida score index, the odds ratio was 8.50 (95% CI, 2.57 to 28.09); the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 0.78, 0.71, 0.33, and 0.94, respectively. With respect to the clinical predictor index, the odds ratio was 9.45 (95%CI, 2.06 to 43.39); the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 0.89, 0.54, 0.27, and 0.96, respectively. The proposed candidemia index cutoff was 8.5; the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 0.77, 0.70, 0.33, and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The Candida score and clinical predictor index excluded candidemia satisfactorily. The effectiveness of the candidemia index was comparable to that of the Candida score. .
Descritores: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/mortalidade
Causas de Morte
Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/mortalidade
Estado Civil
Isolamento Social
-Fatores Etários
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia
Estudos de Coortes
Comércio
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Hepatopatias Alcoólicas/economia
Fatores de Risco
Limites: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  4 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-742895
Autor: Winkelmann, Eliane Roseli; Dallazen, Fernanda; Bronzatti, Angela Beerbaum Steinke; Lorenzoni, Juliara Cristina Werner; Windmöller, Pollyana.
Título: Analysis of steps adapted protocol in cardiac rehabilitation in the hospital phase / Análise do protocolo adaptado de steps na reabilitação cardíaca na fase hospitalar
Fonte: Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc = Braz. j. cardiovasc. surg. (impr.);30(1):40-48, Jan-Mar/2015. tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Objective: To analyze a cardiac rehabilitation adapted protocol in physical therapy during the postoperative hospital phase of cardiac surgery in a service of high complexity, in aspects regarded to complications and mortality prevalence and hospitalization days. Methods: This is an observational cross-sectional, retrospective and analytical study performed by investigating 99 patients who underwent cardiac surgery for coronary artery bypass graft, heart valve replacement or a combination of both. Step program adapted for rehabilitation after cardiac surgery was analyzed under the command of the physiotherapy professional team. Results: In average, a patient stays for two days in the Intensive Care Unit and three to four days in the hospital room, totalizing six days of hospitalization. Fatalities occurred in a higher percentage during hospitalization (5.1%) and up to two years period (8.6%) when compared to 30 days after hospital discharge (1.1%). Among the postoperative complications, the hemodynamic (63.4%) and respiratory (42.6%) were the most prevalent. 36-42% of complications occurred between the immediate postoperative period and the second postoperative day. The hospital discharge started from the fifth postoperative day. We can observe that in each following day, the patients are evolving in achieving the Steps, where Step 3 was the most used during the rehabilitation phase I. Conclusion: This evolution program by steps can to guide the physical rehabilitation at the hospital in patients after cardiac surgery. .

Objetivo: Analisar o protocolo adaptado de reabilitação cardíaca na fisioterapia durante a fase hospitalar pós-operatória de cirurgia cardíaca em um serviço de alta complexidade, nos aspectos complicações e prevalência de mortalidade e dias de internação. Métodos: Estudo observacional transversal, retrospectivo, analítico. Realizado por meio da investigação de 99 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca de revascularização do miocárdio, troca de valva cardíaca ou associadas. Foi analisado um programa de step adaptado para reabilitação pós-operatória de cirurgia cardíaca executado pela equipe de Fisioterapia. Resultados: Em média, o paciente permanece dois dias na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e de três a quatro dias no quarto, ficando, em média, seis dias internado no hospital. O óbito ocorreu em maior percentual no período hospitalar (5,1%) e até dois anos (8,6%) quando comparado ao período de 30 dias pós-alta hospitalar (1,1%). Dentre as complicações no pós-operatório, as hemodinâmicas (63,4%) e respiratórias (42,6%) foram as mais predominantes. De 36% a 42% das complicações ocorreram entre o pós-operatório imediato e o segundo dia pós-operatório. A alta hospitalar teve início a partir do quinto dia pós-operatório. Podemos observar que, com o passar dos dias, os pacientes vão evoluindo na realização dos steps, sendo que o mais utilizado durante a reabilitação na fase I foi o Step 3. Conclusão: Este programa de evolução por steps pode nortear a reabilitação fisioterapêutica nos pacientes no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca na fase hospitalar. .
Descritores: Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico
Saúde Mental
Aposentadoria/psicologia
-Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos
Finlândia
Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico
Modelos Logísticos
Estudos Longitudinais
Limites: Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  5 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-742571
Autor: Horta, Gloria; López, Marcelo; Dotte, Andrés; Cordero, Jorge; Chesta, Caterina; Castro, Ariel; Palavecino, Patricio; Poniachik, Jaime.
Título: Lesiones focales hepáticas benignas: un hallazgo frecuente a la tomografía computada / Benign focal liver lesions detected by computed tomography: Review of 1,184 examinations
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;143(2):197-202, feb. 2015. tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Background: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) of the abdomen, with use of contrast medium, is able to detect and differentiate most focal liver lesions. Aim: To determine the prevalence and features of benign focal liver lesions (BFLL) detected by abdominal MDCT. Patients and Methods: We reviewed the reports of contrast abdominal MDCT performed to outpatients between August 2011 and July 2012. Clinical data of examined patients and imaging findings in terms of description of the hepatic parenchyma and the presence of BFLL, were recorded. Results: Data from 1,184 studies were analyzed. Of these, 461 studies (38.4%) reported BFLL. The most prevalent lesions were simple cysts in 290 studies (24%) and hemangiomas in 61 studies (5.1%), granuloma-calcification in 39 (3.2%), focal nodular hyperplasia in 19 (1.6%) and one adenoma. If patients with known causes of liver disease were excluded, the prevalence of BFLL did not change substantially (lesions were found in 396 (37.5%) patients). Compared with livers with signs of damage, normal livers had more cystic lesions (27 and 16.2% respectively, p = 0.014) and hemangiomas (5.3 and 1.1% respectively, p = 0.043). Conclusions: BFLL are very common findings in MDCT studies. Most of these lesions are simple cysts and hemangiomas.
Descritores: Comparação Transcultural
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
-Finlândia
Japão
Aptidão Física
Sistemas Políticos
Fatores Sexuais
Estresse Psicológico
Reino Unido
Carga de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
Limites: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Comparativo
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  6 / 20 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: lil-742563
Autor: Bernales, Margarita; Cabieses, Báltica; Obach, Alexandra; Maturana, Andrés.
Título: Investigación traslacional en salud: un camino para la investigación pragmática e interdisciplinaria / Translational research in Health topics: A road for pragmatic and interdisciplinary research
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;143(1):128-129, ene. 2015.
Idioma: es.
Descritores: Mortalidade
Setor Público/estatística & dados numéricos
Apoio Social
Local de Trabalho/psicologia
Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
-Doença Crônica
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Limites: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  7 / 20 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: lil-742551
Autor: Terrazas, Solana; Ibáñez, Carolina; Lagos, Marcela; Poggi, Helena; Brañes, Jorge; Barriga, María Isabel; Cartagena, Jaime; Núñez, Felipe; González, Francisca; Cook, Paz; Van De Wyngard, Vanessa; Ferreccio, Catterina.
Título: Examen de detección de virus papiloma humano en el tamizaje de cáncer cervicouterino en un Servicio de Salud de Santiago, Chile / Human papillomavirus testing in cervical cancer screening at a public health service of Santiago, Chile
Fonte: Rev. méd. Chile;143(1):56-62, ene. 2015. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Projeto: CONICYT. FONDAP; . Fondecyt.
Resumo: Background: Molecular techniques for human papillomavirus (HPV) detection have a good performance as screening tests and could be included in cervical cancer early detection programs. We conducted a population-based trial comparing HPV detection and Papanicolaou as primary screening tests, in a public health service in Santiago, Chile. Aim: To describe the experience of implementing this new molecular test and present the main results of the study. Material and Methods: Women aged 25 to 64 enrolled in three public health centers were invited to participate. In all women, samples were collected for Papanicolaou and HPV DNA testing, and naked-eye visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid was performed. Women with any positive screening test were referred to the local area hospital for diagnostic confirmation with colposcopy and biopsy of suspicious lesions. Results: Screening results were obtained for 8265 women, of whom 931 (11.3%) were positive to any test. The prevalence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) was 1.1%; nine women had invasive cervical cancer. Sensitivities for the detection of CIN2+ were 22.1% (95% confidence interval (CI) 16.4-29.2) for Papanicolaou and 92.7% (95% CI 84.4-96.8) for HPV testing; specificities were 98.9% (95% CI 98.7-99.0) and 92.0% (95% CI 91.4-92.6) respectively. Conclusion: This experience showed that the implementation of a molecular test for cervical cancer screening is not a major challenge in Chile: it was well accepted by both the health team and the participants, and it may improve the effectiveness of the screening program.
Descritores: Emprego
Aptidão Física
Fatores Socioeconômicos
-Estudos de Coortes
Estudos Transversais
Finlândia
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Londres
Estudos Prospectivos
Meio Social
Limites: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


  8 / 20 LILACS  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-741257
Autor: Zhou, X.Q.; Huang, S.Y.; Zhang, D.S.; Zhang, S.Z.; Li, W.G.; Chen, Z.W.; Wu, H.W..
Título: Effects of 5-aza-2′deoxycytidine on RECK gene expression and tumor invasion in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;48(3):254-260, 03/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province.
Resumo: Reversion-inducing cysteine-rich protein with kazal motifs (RECK), a novel tumor suppressor gene that negatively regulates matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), is expressed in various normal human tissues but downregulated in several types of human tumors. The molecular mechanism for this downregulation and its biological significance in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) are unclear. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor, 5-aza-2′deoxycytidine (5-aza-dC), on the methylation status of the RECK gene and tumor invasion in SACC cell lines. Methylation-specific PCR (MSP), Western blot analysis, and quantitative real-time PCR were used to investigate the methylation status of the RECK gene and expression of RECK mRNA and protein in SACC cell lines. The invasive ability of SACC cells was examined by the Transwell migration assay. Promoter methylation was only found in the ACC-M cell line. Treatment of ACC-M cells with 5-aza-dC partially reversed the hypermethylation status of the RECK gene and significantly enhanced the expression of mRNA and protein, and 5-aza-dC significantly suppressed ACC-M cell invasive ability. Our findings showed that 5-aza-dC inhibited cancer cell invasion through the reversal of RECK gene hypermethylation, which might be a promising chemotherapy approach in SACC treatment.
Descritores: Depressão/epidemiologia
Bombeiros
Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia
Carga de Trabalho
-Fatores Etários
Avaliação da Deficiência
Seguimentos
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Estilo de Vida
Medição da Dor
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
Local de Trabalho
Limites: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-741256
Autor: Ma, W.H.; Liu, Y.J.; Wang, W.; Zhang, Y.Z..
Título: Improved biological performance of magnesium by micro-arc oxidation
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;48(3):214-225, 03/2015. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: the Major Projects Fund of Hebei Science and Technology Agency.
Resumo: Magnesium and its alloys have recently been used in the development of lightweight, biodegradable implant materials. However, the corrosion properties of magnesium limit its clinical application. The purpose of this study was to comprehensively evaluate the degradation behavior and biomechanical properties of magnesium materials treated with micro-arc oxidation (MAO), which is a new promising surface treatment for developing corrosion resistance in magnesium, and to provide a theoretical basis for its further optimization and clinical application. The degradation behavior of MAO-treated magnesium was studied systematically by immersion and electrochemical tests, and its biomechanical performance when exposed to simulated body fluids was evaluated by tensile tests. In addition, the cell toxicity of MAO-treated magnesium samples during the corrosion process was evaluated, and its biocompatibility was investigated under in vivo conditions. The results of this study showed that the oxide coating layers could elevate the corrosion potential of magnesium and reduce its degradation rate. In addition, the MAO-coated sample showed no cytotoxicity and more new bone was formed around it during in vivo degradation. MAO treatment could effectively enhance the corrosion resistance of the magnesium specimen and help to keep its original mechanical properties. The MAO-coated magnesium material had good cytocompatibility and biocompatibility. This technique has an advantage for developing novel implant materials and may potentially be used for future clinical applications.
Descritores: Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia
Hospitais
Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
-Transtornos Cognitivos/epidemiologia
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Limites: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Tipo de Publ: Estudo Multicêntrico
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  10 / 20 LILACS  
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Id: lil-450479
Autor: Vauhkonen, Hanna; Sajantila, Antti.
Título: Intrinsic structural variation of the complex microsatellite marker MYCL1 in Finnish and Somali populations and its relevance to gastrointestinal tumors
Fonte: Genet. mol. biol;29(4):608-612, 2006. graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The structurally complex MYCL1 microsatellite marker is often used to determine microsatellite instability in colorectal cancers but the allelic variation of this marker has remained largely uncharacterized in both populations and in cancers. Our study describes the allelic distributions of MYCL1 in Finnish (n = 117) and Somali population samples (n = 61) of non-related individuals and compares this distribution with the instability pattern obtained from 61 gastrointestinal tumors.
Descritores: Neoplasias Colorretais
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais
Repetições de Microssatélites
-Alelos
Finlândia
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional
Somália
Limites: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Feminino
Adulto
Meia-Idade
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Responsável: BR26.1 - Biblioteca Central



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