Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : D09.400.430.937 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 356 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

página 1 de 36 ir para página                         

  1 / 356 LILACS  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: biblio-891366
Autor: D'Aurea, Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues; Cerazi, Bruno Gion de Andrade; Laurinavicius, Antonio Gabriele; Janovsky, Carolina Castro Porto Silva; Conceição, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira; Santos, Raul D; Bittencourt, Márcio Sommer.
Título: Association of subclinical inflammation, glycated hemoglobin and risk for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome / Associação entre inflamação subclínica, hemoglobina glicada e risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono
Fonte: Einstein (Säo Paulo);15(2):136-140, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated. Results The sample included 7,115 participants (age 43.4±9.6 years, 24.4% women). The Berlin questionnaire showed changes in 434 (6.1%) individuals. This finding was associated with high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels (p<0.001). However, only the association between the Berlin questionnaire result and glycated hemoglobin remained significant in the adjusted multivariate analysis, for the traditional risk factors and for an additional model, including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides. Conclusion The glycated hemoglobin, even below the threshold for diagnosis of diabetes, is independently associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, even after adjustment for obesity and C-reactive protein. These findings suggest a possible pathophysiological link between changes in insulin resistance and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, independently from obesity or low-grade inflammation.

RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a inter-relação entre proteína C-reativa de alta sensibilidade e hemoglobina glicada na predição do risco de apneia obstrutiva do sono. Métodos Foram incluídos todos os indivíduos participantes do programa de check-up do Centro de Medicina Preventiva Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein em 2014. Foi aplicado o questionário de Berlin sobre risco de apneia do sono, e avaliadas as dosagens de hemoglobina glicada e proteína C-reativa de alta sensibilidade. Resultados Foram incluídos 7.115 participantes (idade 43,4±9,6 anos, 24,4% mulheres). A prevalência de alteração no questionário de Berlin foi de 434 (6,1%). A alteração do questionário de Berlin associou-se positivamente aos resultados da proteína C-reativa de alta sensibilidade e da hemoglobina glicada (p<0,001). No entanto, apenas a associação entre o resultado do questionário de Berlin e a hemoglobina glicada permaneceu significativa na análise multivariada ajustada tanto para fatores de risco tradicionais quanto para um modelo adicional, que incluiu também lipoproteína de alta densidade-colesterol (HDL-c) e triglicérides. Conclusão A hemoglobina glicada, mesmo em valores abaixo do critério diagnóstico para diabetes mellitus, está associada de forma independente ao risco para síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, mesmo após ajuste para obesidade e proteína C-reativa. Estes achados sugerem possível ligação fisiopatológica entre alterações na resistência insulínica e a síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, que independe da obesidade ou inflamação de baixo grau.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  2 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1023694
Autor: Quezada García, María Andrea; Palma Eyzaguirre, Ana María.
Título: Relación bidireccional entre diabetes mellitus y periodontitis apical / Bidirectional relationship between diabetes mellitus and apical periodontitis
Fonte: ARS med. (Santiago, En línea);43(3):67-76, 2018. Tab, ilus.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Resumen: la Diabetes Mellitus es una enfermedad crónica que ha ido en aumento en las últimas décadas, por lo que cada vez es más probable que los odontólogos veamos pacientes con esta enfermedad. Múltiples estudios han evaluado la relación entre diabetes mellitus y patologías orales, ya que la diabetes produce un estado proinflamatorio permanente que altera la cicatrización y la respuesta del hos-pedero frente a las bacterias. Por otro lado, la periodontitis apical, una de las patologías orales de mayor prevalencia en Chile, produce citoquinas que van a llegar al torrente sanguíneo, aumentando la inflamación y empeorando el control metabólico de esta enfermedad.El objetivo de esta revisión narrativa es entender los mecanismos por los que ocurre esta interacción y sus consideraciones terapéuticas.(AU)

Abstract:diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease and is most directly correlated with hyperglycemia. This illness has grown within the last decades and more patients are being found with the disease. Various researchers have conducted studies investigating the influence diabetes has in oral health. First and foremost, diabetes produces a permanent pro-inflammatory state, which both stagnates healing and in- hibits responses against bacteria. On the other hand, Apical Periodontitis produces cytokines that enter into the circulatory system.Cytokines increase inflammation and produce poor metabolic control; the diabetes ultimately become worse. In light of this issue, the purpose of this review is to more clearly understand the mechanisms that are involved in this interaction, as well as consider various therapeutic options.(AU)
Responsável: CL10.1 - Biblioteca Biomédica


  3 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: lil-766143
Autor: Bertolin, Daniela Comelis; Pace, Ana Emilia; Cesarino, Claudia Bernardi; Ribeiro, Rita de Cassia Helu Mendonça; Ribeiro, Renato Mendonça.
Título: Adaptação psicológica e aceitação do diabetes mellitus tipo 2 / Psychological adaptation to and acceptance of type 2 diabetesmellitus
Fonte: Acta paul. enferm;28(5):440-446, jul.-ago. 2015. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Projeto: FAPESP.
Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar a adaptação psicológica, por meio da aceitação da doença, e sua relação com o estresse percebido e valores de hemoglobina glicada A1c de pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, antes e após participarem de intervenções educativas em grupo. Métodos Estudo quase-experimental desenvolvido em unidade ambulatorial, tendo sido realizadas entrevistas com os sujeitos antes e após eles participarem de intervenções educativas em grupo, utilizando Mapas de Conversação em Diabetes. Resultados Os pacientes entrevistados apresentaram melhora da aceitação da doença após as intervenções. Verificou-se relação inversa entre a aceitação da doença, o estresse percebido e a média de hemoglobina glicada A1c, antes e após as intervenções. Conclusão A aceitação da doença pode melhorar após intervenções educativas em grupo. Maiores escores de aceitação da doença foram relacionados a menores escores de estresse percebido e a menores médias de hemoglobina glicada A1c.

Objective: To evaluate individuals' psychological adaptation to type 2 diabetes mellitus throughout acceptance of the disease and its relation with perceived stress and values of glycated hemoglobin (A1c) before and after group educational intervention. Methods Quasi-experimental study developed at outpatient unit that included 77 participants who fulfilled inclusion criteria. The study instruments were a questionnaire that obtained sociodemographic variables and the Acceptance of Disease Scale and Perceived Stress Scale, both applied during interviews before and after group education intervention using Diabetes Conversations Maps. Results Interviewed patients showed improvements in the acceptance of the disease after educational intervention. We observed an inverse relation between acceptance of the disease, perceived stress, and the mean glycated hemoglobin (A1c) value before and after the intervention. Conclusion Acceptance of type 2 diabetes can improve after a group educational intervention. A high score for acceptance of the disease was related to a low score for perceived stress and lower mean glycated hemoglobin (A1c) value.
Responsável: BR1.2 - Biblioteca Central


  4 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1006603
Autor: Cercado, Alicia G; Álvarez Conde, Graciela B; Vargas, Mariana E. Guadalups; Pazmiño Gómez, Betty J; Veron, Dolores; Lorenti, Fanny E. Vera; Rodas Neira, Edgar I.
Título: Hemoglobina A1c, diabetes mellitus, nefropatía diabética y enfermedad renal crónica / Hemoglobin A1c, Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetic Nephropathy and Chronic Kidney Disease
Fonte: Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl;37(4):225-242, dic. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: es.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Semana del Riñón 2017. Congreso de la American Society of Nephrology, New Orleans, 31-05 oct.-nov. 2017.
Resumo: La diabetes mellitus (DBT), la nefropatía diabética (ND) y la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) son enfermedades prevalentes en nuestra región, Sudamérica. Los niveles de hemoglobina A1c (HbA1c) han sido relacionados al desarrollo y a la evolución de la ND. Hace dos décadas había gran variabilidad en los resultados, los países líderes en investigación científica organizaron programas de estandarización de la HbA1c, logrando mejorar la calidad y la confiabilidad de los resultados. Los objetivos de este trabajo fueron describir el problema DBT, ND y ERC en Sudamérica y en su contexto analizar metodológicamente la HbA1c. Para esto, revisamos el impacto de estas enfermedades en nuestra región, contemplando aspectos básicos de la HbA1c y algunas situaciones que producen interferencias como la carbamilación de la hemoglobina, modificación post-traduccional asociada a la uremia. También nos enfocamos en técnicas estadísticas universalmente utilizadas para la evaluación de ensayos como: linealidad, concordancia y precisión. Adicionalmente, incluimos un análisis de los métodos disponibles y de los precios de cada determinación de HbA1c en diez países de Sudamérica. Para prevenir, diagnosticar y tratar la DBT, la ND y la ERC es indispensable contar con herramientas de última generación, disponibles para todas las personas. En nuestra región el acceso a ensayos, equipos y laboratorios enmarcados en programas de estandarización de la HbA1c, internacionalmente aceptados, es una tarea pendiente. Millones de individuos de las generaciones presentes y futuras de Sudamérica padecerán DBT, ND y ERC, necesitamos llevar la voz de la ciencia a esas personas con el "hacer" cotidiano

Diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetic nephropathy (DN) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are prevalent diseases in our region, South America. The levels of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) have been related to the development and progression of the DN. Two decades ago there was great variability in the results; the leading countries in scientific research then organized programs of HbA1c standardization, which improved the quality and reliability of the findings. The objectives of this study were to describe the problem of DM, DN and CKD in South America and to analyze HbA1c methodologically in this context. Thus, the impact of these diseases in our region was reviewed, contemplating basic aspects of HbA1c and some situations that produce interferences such as carbamylation of hemoglobin, the post-translational modification associated with uremia. We also focused on statistical techniques universally used for the evaluation of assays such as linearity, concordance and precision. Additionally, we included an analysis of the existing methods and the prices of each HbA1c determination in ten countries in South America. To prevent, diagnose and treat DM, DN and CKD, it is essential to have state-of-the-art tools available to all people. In our region, access to trials, equipment and laboratories within HbA1c standardization programs, internationally accepted, is a pending task. Millions of individuals from the present and future generations of South America will suffer from DM, DN and CKD, so we need to take the voice of science to these people through the daily "doing"
Responsável: AR444.1 - BAN - Biblioteca Argentina de Nefrología Dr. Víctor R. Miatello


  5 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Texto completo
Id: biblio-889385
Autor: Cazarim, Maurílio de Souza; Rodrigues, João Paulo Vilela; Cruz-Cazarim, Estael Luzia Coelho da; Ayres, Lorena Rocha; Pereira, Leonardo Régis Leira.
Título: Cost-effectiveness of insulin analogs from the perspective of the Brazilian public health system
Fonte: Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online);53(3):e00178, 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: São Paulo Research Foundation.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Human insulin is provided by the Brazilian Public Health System (BPHS) for the treatment of diabetes, however, legal proceedings to acquire insulin analogs have burdened the BPHS health system. The aim of this study was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis to compare insulin analogs and human insulins. This is a pharmacoeconomic study of cost-effectiveness. The direct medical cost related to insulin extracted from the Ministry of Health drug price list was considered. The clinical results, i.e. reduction in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), were extracted by meta-analysis. Different scenarios were structured to measure the uncertainties regarding the costs and reduction in HbA1c. Decision tree was developed for sensitivity of Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER). A total of fifteen scenarios were structured. Given the best-case scenario for the insulin analogs, the insulins aspart, lispro, glargine and detemir showed an ICER of R$ 1,768.59; R$ 3,308.54; R$ 11,718.75 and R$ 2,685.22, respectively. In all scenarios in which the minimum effectiveness was proposed, lispro, glargine and detemir were dominant strategies. Sensitivity analysis showed that the aspart had R$ 3,066.98 [95 % CI: 2339.22; 4418.53] and detemir had R$ 6,163.97 [95% CI: 3919.29; 11401.57] for incremental costs. We concluded there was evidence that the insulin aspart is the most cost-effective.
Responsável: BR40.1 - DBD - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentacão do Conjunto das Químicas


  6 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1046746
Autor: Pereira, Lucas Borges; Guidoni, Camila Molino; Borges, Anna Paula de Sá; Pereira, Leonardo Régis Leira.
Título: Avaliação da efetividade do acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico no controle do diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em longo prazo / Evaluation of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy follow-up in long-term control of diabetes mellitus type 2
Fonte: Clin. biomed. res;38(3):237-244, 2018.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Introdução: O número de farmacêuticos que atuam em unidades básicas de saúde é reduzido, dificultando a execução do acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico (AFT) para um elevado número de pacientes. Portanto, deve-se estabelecer um período de execução do AFT, para que muitos pacientes sejam contemplados, contudo são escassos os estudos que avaliam a continuidade do controle da doença após a alta do serviço. Dessa forma, este estudo propôs avaliar o desfecho clínico de pacientes diagnosticados com Diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) após a alta de um serviço de AFT. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva após estudo de intervenção de um acompanhamento farmacoterapêutico, que avaliou 64 pacientes divididos em dois grupos: estudo (participaram de um programa de AFT) e controle (não participaram do programa de AFT). Foram coletados dados clínicos e laboratoriais destes pacientes ao final do programa de AFT (baseline - março/2006 a fevereiro/2007), e nos quatro anos após o término do programa de AFT (março/2007 a agosto/2011). Resultados: Dentre os 64 pacientes, 56 foram incluídos. Nos quatro anos posteriores ao serviço observou-se nove óbitos, sendo seis do grupo controle e três do grupo de estudo (p=0,151). O grupo de estudo manteve os valores de hemoglobina glicada após AFT (HbA1c) (8,5% vs 8,0%, p = 0,082), enquanto que o grupo controle reduziu os valores de hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c) (9,1% vs 8,1%; p = 0,004). O controle da glicemia de jejum (GJ) do grupo de estudo foi mantido após quatro anos (149,5 mg/dL vs 148,8 mg/dL, p = 0,884), bem como o grupo controle (170,7 mg/dL vs 170,6 mg/dL, p = 0,993), no entanto ao comparar os dois grupos após AFT, o grupo de estudo apresenta valor significativamente menor que o grupo controle (p = 0,047). Conclusão: Apesar das diferenças obtidas entre os grupos com o AFT não permanecerem após quatro anos, os resultados clínicos e laboratoriais não apresentaram piora significativa nesse período. (AU)

Introduction: The number of pharmacists working at primary health care units is small, which means that pharmacotherapy follow-up (PFU) cannot be offered to a high number of patients. An established period of PFU could then lead to more patients being treated. However, studies assessing management of chronic diseases after discharge from this service are scarce. Thus, this study evaluated clinical outcomes of patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) after PFU discharge. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted after a PFU intervention study, which evaluated 64 patients divided into two groups: study (who participated in a PFU program) and control (who did not participate in a PFU program). Laboratory and clinical data were collected from these patients at the end of the program (baseline ­ March 2006 to February 2007) and for four years after the end of the program (March 2007 to August 2011). Results: Of 64 patients, 56 were enrolled. In four years after discharge, nine patients died, six of them were from the control group and three from the study group (p = 0.151). The study group maintained glycated hemoglobin A (HbA1c) levels after PFU (8.5% vs. 8.0%, p = 0.082), while the control group showed reduced levels (9.1% vs. 8.1%; p = 0.004). Fasting glucose remained under control in the study group (149.5 mg/dL vs. 148.8 mg/dL, p = 0.884) as well as in the control group (170.7 mg/dL vs. 170.6 mg/dL, p = 0.993) after four years. However, when the groups were compared after PFU, the study group showed a significantly lower value than the control group (p = 0.047). Conclusion: Although the differences observed between the groups during PFU did not remain after four years, clinical and laboratory results did not show significant worsening in the period. (AU)
Responsável: BR18.1 - Biblioteca FAMED/HCPA


  7 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-834384
Autor: Cavagnolli, Gabriela; Gross, Jorge Luiz; Camargo, Joíza Lins.
Título: HbA1C, glicemia de jejum e teste oral de tolerância à glicose no diagnóstico de diabetes: que teste usar? / HbA1C, fasting glycemia and oral glucose tolerance test in the diagnosis of diabetes: which test?
Fonte: Rev. HCPA & Fac. Med. Univ. Fed. Rio Gd. do Sul;30(4):315-320, 2010. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Introdução: Tradicionalmente, a glicemia de jejum (GJ) e o teste oral de tolerância à glicose (TOTG), têm sido recomendados para o diagnóstico do diabetes melito (DM). Recentemente, a hemoglobina glicada/HbA1c (A1C) foi recomendada como nova ferramenta diagnóstica e seu uso isolado está sendo preconizado. Objetivo: Analisar a concordância diagnóstica entre GJ, TOTG e A1C no diagnóstico de DM. Métodos: Indivíduos atendidos no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre para a realização de TOTG foram incluídos no estudo. A1C, GJ, glicemia 2h após a ingestão de 75 g de glicose, perfil lipídico e história clínica foram analisados. Testes T-Student, qui-quadrado, Mann-Whitney U e coeficiente kappa foram utilizados conforme o caso. Resultados: No total, 498 indivíduos participaram do estudo. Pelos critérios baseados na glicemia, 115 indivíduos foram diagnosticados com DM (26 pela GJ, 53 pelo TOTG e 36 por ambos os testes). Pelos valores de A1C, apenas 56 indivíduos apresentaram valor de A1C _6,5% e foram diagnosticados com DM (27 pela A1C isolada e 29 pela A1C e também pela GJ e/ou TOTG). A concordância diagnóstica entre os critérios baseados na glicemia e A1C é fraca (kappa = 0,217; P<0,001). Pacientes diagnosticados pelo critério A1C _6,5% isolado possuem perfil cardiovascular desfavorável quando comparados com os indíviduos que são classificados pelos critérios baseados na glicemia. Conclusão: Os diferentes testes diagnósticos identificam diferentes indivíduos com risco de diabetes. A utilização de algoritmos empregando os testes GJ, TOTG e/ou A1C parece ser mais adequada para garantir a correta classificação dos indivíduos com DM.

Background: Traditionally, fasting glycemia (FG) and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were recommended for diabetes (DM) diagnosis. Recently, glycated hemoglobin/HbA1c (A1C) was recommended as a new diagnostic tool ant its isolated use is preferred. Aim: To analyze the agreement between GJ, TOTG and A1C in diagnosing DM. Methods: Individuals referred to Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre for OGTT were included in this study. A1C, FG, OGTT, lipid profile and clinical history were analyzed. T-Student, Qui-square, Mann-Whitney U tests and kappa coefficient were used accordingly. Results: A total of 498 individuals participated in the study. By glycemia-based criteria, 115 individuals were classified with DM (26 by GJ, 53 by TOTG and 36 by both tests). By A1C criterion, only 56 individuals had A1C _6.5% and were classified with DM (27 by A1C only and 29 by A1C and FG and/or OGTT). The diagnostic agreement between glycemia-based criteria and A1C is poor (kappa = 0,217; P<0,001). Patients classified as diabetic only by A1C test had a cardiovascular unfavorable profile compared to patients classified by glycemia-based criteria. Conclusion: Different diagnostic tests identified different individuals at risk of DM. The use of algorithms with FG, OGTT and/or A1C tests seems to be more adequate to assure the correct classification of diabetic individuals.
Responsável: BR18.1 - Biblioteca FAMED/HCPA


  8 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Id: lil-645534
Autor: González Fernández, Pedro; Álvarez González, Miguel Ángel; Cabrera Rode, Eduardo; Bejerano Reyes, Caridad Josefina; López, Madelaime Albertine.
Título: Caracterización del control metabólico en niños y adolescentes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 / Characterization of the metabolic control in children and adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus
Fonte: Rev. cuba. endocrinol;23(2):117-127, mayo-ago. 2012.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: el control metabólico es el propósito principal en el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus. Objetivo: caracterizar el control metabólico en un grupo de niños y adolescentes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1. Métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo en 84 pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 atendidos en el servicio de Endocrinología del Hospital Pediátrico Universitario William Soler entre febrero de 2010 y agosto de 2011. Se determinó hemoglobina glucosilada (HbA1c) con un intervalo de entre 90 y 120 días. Para la determinación de la HbA1c se utilizó el método cuantitativo turbidimétrico con el reactivo fabricado por Futura System. Los resultados trimestrales de HbA1c se relacionaron con la edad, el sexo, el tiempo de evolución de la diabetes mellitus, el peso corporal en kilogramos y la dosis total diaria de insulina. Resultados: la edad promedio de los pacientes del sexo masculino fue 11,6 años (DS 4,6) y la de los del sexo femenino, 12,4 años (DS 4,5). La edad media al inicio del estudio fue 12,23 años (DS 4,42) y la edad media al diagnóstico de la diabetes, 8,27 años (DS 4,28). El tiempo promedio de evolución de la diabetes fue 3,79 años (DS 3,17) y la dosis media diaria de insulina por kilogramo de peso corporal fue de 0,91 unidades (DS 0,26). Los valores de la HbA1c se mantuvieron por encima de 10 por ciento, salvo las dos últimas determinaciones, que mostraron valores significativamente menores que los meses anteriores, y fueron independientes de las variables sexo, tiempo de evolución, edad de diagnóstico y dosis promedio diaria de insulina por kilogramo de peso corporal. Conclusiones: una relación clínica adecuada y la mejoría en el cumplimiento del tratamiento fueron elementos decisivos en la mejoría del control metabólico en nuestros pacientes(AU)

Introduction: the metabolic control is the main objective of the diabetes mellitus treatment. Objective: to characterize the metabolic control in a group of children and adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus. Methods: a prospective study was conducted in 84 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, who had been seen at the endocrinology service of William Soler university pediatric hospital from February 2010 to August 2011. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was estimated in a period of 90 to 120 days. The quantitative turbidimetric method served to determine hemoglobin A1c by using Futura System reagent. The quarterly results of HbA1c were compared by age, sex, time of evolution of diabetes mellitus, body weight in kg and total daily dosage of insulin. Results: the average age of male patients was 11.6 years (SD= 4,6) and of female patients was 12,4 years (SD= 4.5). The mean age at the beginning of the study was 12,23 years (SD= 4.42) and the mean age at time of diagnosis was 8.27 years (SD= 4.28). The average time of evolution for diabetes was 3.79 years (SD= 3.17) and the daily mean dose of insulin per kg of bodyweight was 0,91 units (SD= 0.26). The HbA1c values were kept over 10 percent, except for the two last estimations that showed significantly lower values than those of previous months and were not dependent on the variables sex, time of evolution, age at time of diagnosis and daily average dose of insulin per kilogram of bodyweight. Conclusions: adequate clinical relation and improved adherence to treatment are decisive elements for the improvement of the metabolic control in these patients(AU)
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  9 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Cuba
Texto completo
Id: lil-645536
Autor: Piña Rivera, Yordanka; Cruz Hernández, Liz Odelmis; Parlá Sardiñas, Judith; Fernández Marrero, María Magdalena.
Título: Isquemia miocárdica silente en diabéticos tipo 2 / Silent myocardial ischemia in type 2 diabetes patients
Fonte: Rev. cuba. endocrinol;23(2):139-149, mayo-ago. 2012.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Objetivos: determinar la frecuencia de isquemia miocárdica silente en diabéticos tipo 2 y su relación con el control metabólico. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en 79 pacientes asintomáticos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin antecedentes de cardiopatía isquémica, hipertensión arterial o de ser fumador, que acudieron a la Consulta de Endocrinología del Hospital Militar Central Dr Carlos J Finlay, entre febrero de 2009 y febrero de 2011. Se les realizó ecocardiografía con doppler tisular y se determinaron los niveles de glucemia en ayunas, posprandial, hemoglobina glucosilada, colesterol y triglicéridos. Las variables clínicas analizadas en relación con la isquemia miocárdica silente fueron: edad, sexo, tiempo de evolución de la diabetes e índice de masa corporal. Para las variables cualitativas se utilizaron distribuciones de frecuencia con el cálculo del porcentaje y para establecer relación entre variables la prueba de chi cuadrado. Resultados: la edad media del total de pacientes fue de 54 años, de ellos el 69,1 por ciento correspondió al sexo masculino y el 31,9 por ciento al femenino. En el 20,2 por ciento de los pacientes se observaron signos de isquemia miocárdica por doppler tisular, y de ellos, un 75 por ciento tuvo niveles patológicos de colesterol total, con relación estadísticamente significativa (p= 0,01), sujetos que tuvieron 4,4 veces más riesgo relativo de presentar isquemia miocárdica, que los pacientes con colesterol normal. Las cifras de glucemia en ayunas, posprandial y hemoglobina glucosilada fueron significativamente mayor en el grupo con isquemia. Los pacientes con niveles elevados de glucemia en ayunas tuvieron 10,5 veces más riesgo de isquemia miocárdica que los que tenían cifras adecuadas. Igualmente, los casos con cifras elevadas de glucemia posprandial presentaron 12 veces más riesgo de enfermar. Conclusiones: la isquemia miocárdica silente es frecuente en los diabéticos tipo 2 y se relaciona con los niveles patológicos de colesterol y el mal control glucémico(AU)

Objectives: to determine the frequency of silent myocardial infarction in type 2 diabetes patients and its relation with the metabolic control. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study of 79 asymptomatic patients suffering type 2 diabetes mellitus and without a history of ischemic cardiopathy, blood hypertension or smoking. These patients were seen at the endocrinology service of Dr Carlos J Finlay from February 2009 to February 2011. They underwent Doppler tissue imaging echocardiography and their levels of glycemia on fasting, pospandrial glycemia, glycated haemoglobin, cholesterol and triglycerides were determined. The analyzed clinical variables lfor the silent myocardial ischemia were age, sex, time of evolution of diabetes and body mass index. Frequency distributions and percentage estimations were used for the qualitative variables whereas the Chi square test served to establish relationships among variables. Results: the average age of the patients was 54 years, 69,1 percent were males and 31,9 percent females. The Doppler tissue imaging echocardiography showed signs of myocardial ischemia in 20 percent of these patients, and 75 percent had pathological levels of total cholesterol with statistically significant relation (p=0.01) and their relative risk of developing myocardial ischemia was 4.4 times higher than the rest of patients with normal cholesterol. The values of glycemia on fasting, pospandrial glycemia and glycated haemoglobin were significantly higher than in the ischemic group. The patients having significantly higher values of glycemia on fasting exhibited a risk of myocardial ischemia that was 10.5 times higher than that of the patients with adequate values for this variable. Likewise, the risk of getting sick was 12 times higher in those cases with high values of pospandrial glycemia. Conclusions: silent myocardial ischemia is frequent in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and is associated with pathological levels of cholesterol and with poor glycemic control(AU)
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


  10 / 356 LILACS  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: biblio-1022693
Autor: Grande Ratti, María Florencia; Russo, María Paula.
Título: La hiperglucemia de estrés durante la internación se asocia con mayor incidencia de diabetes durante el seguimiento posterior al alta / Stress hyperglycemia during hospitalization is associated with higher incidence of diabetes during post-discharge follow-up
Fonte: Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004);38(4):165-166, dic. 2018.
Idioma: es.
Responsável: AR2.1 - Biblioteca Central



página 1 de 36 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde