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Moreira, Renato de Azevedo
Cavada, Benildo Sousa
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Id: lil-623973
Autor: Moreira, Renato de Azevedo; Ainouz, Iracema Lima; Oliveira, José Tadeu Abreu de; Cavada, Benildo Sousa.
Título: Plant lectins, chemical and biological aspects
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):211-218, 1991. tab.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Lectins, carbohydrate-binding proteins of non-immune origin, that agglutinate cells or precipitate polysaccharides and glycoconjugates, are well distributed in nature, mainly in the Plant Kingdom. The great majority of the plante lectins are present in seed cotyledons where they are found in the cytoplasm or int he protein bodies, although they have also been found in roots, stems and leaves. Due to their peculiar properties, the lectins are used as a tool both for analytical and preparative purposes in biochemistry, cellular biology, immunology and related areas. In agriculture and medicine the use of lectins greatly improved in the last few years. The lextins, with few exceptions, are glycoproteins, need divalent cations to display full activity and are, in general, oligomers with variable molecular weight. Although the studies on lectins have completed a century, their role in nature is yet ynknown . Several hypotheses on their physiological functions have been suggested. Thus, lectins could play important roles in defense against pathogens, plant-microorganism symbiosis, cell organization, embryo morphogenesis, phagocytosis, cell wall elongation, pollen recognition and as reserve proteins. A brief review on the general properties and roles of the lectins is given.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Cordeiro, R. S. B
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Id: lil-623954
Autor: Castro Faria Neto, H. C; Cordeiro, R. S. B; Martins, M. A; Correia da Silva, A. C. V; Bozza, P. T; Sousa, M. V; Morhy, L.
Título: Enterolobin induces rat paw oedema independently of PAF-acether
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):129-131, 1991. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: The potential participation of PAF-acether (PAF) on the paw oedema triggered by enterolobin was investigated. Intraplantar injections of enterolobin )5-20 µg/paw) yielded a dose response curve for edema which appeared after 30 min, peaked in the interval between 2-4 h and faded after 24h. The pre-treatment with BN 52021, but not with other PAF antagonists such as PCA 4248 or WEB 2086, significantly blocked enterolobin-induced oedema. To clarify better the discrepant results obtained with the PAF antagonists, desensitization to PAF was performed. The oedema triggered by enterolobin was not modified in paf desensitized animals. It was concluded that the paw inflammation induced by enterolobin does not require PAF mechanism.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623945
Autor: Xavier Filho, J.
Título: The resistance of seeds of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) to the cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus)
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):75-77, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seeds are heavily damaged during storage by the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus. Seeds of some Nigerian varieties showed a strong resistance to this bruchid. By utilizing biochemical and entomological techniques we were able to rule out the paticipation of proteolytic enzyme (trypsin, chimotrypsin, subtilisin and papain) inhibitors, lectins, and tannins in the resistance mechanisms. Fractionation of the seed meal of a resistant variety suggests that the factor(s) responsible for the effect is (are) concentrate in the globulin fraction.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1022130
Autor: Zhou, Shushan; Jiang, Li; Guan, Shuangxue; Gao, Yongxia; Gao, Qinghua; Wang, Guangdong; Duan, Ke.
Título: Expression profiles of five FT-like genes and functional analysis of PhFT-1 in a Phalaenopsis hybrid
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;31:75-83, Jan. 2018. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Resumo: Background: Phalaenopsis is an important ornamental flowering plant that belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is cultivated worldwide. Phalaenopsis has a long juvenile phase; therefore, it is important to understand the genetic elements regulating the transition from vegetative phase to reproductive phase. In this study, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) homologs in Phalaenopsis were cloned, and their effects on flowering were analyzed. Results: A total of five FT-like genes were identified in Phalaenopsis. Phylogenetic and expression analyses of these five FT-like genes indicated that some of these genes might participate in the regulation of flowering. A novel FT-like gene, PhFT-1, distantly related to previously reported FT genes in Arabidopsis and other dicot crops, was also found to be a positive regulator of flowering as heterologous expression of PhFT-1 in Arabidopsis causes an early flowering phenotype. Conclusions: Five FT homologous genes from Phalaenopsis orchid were identified, and PhFT-1 positively regulates flowering.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1009164
Autor: Perini, Mauro A; Sin, Ignacio N; Martinez, Gustavo Adolfo; Civello, Pedro M.
Título: Measurement of expansin activity and plant cell wall creep by using a commercial texture analyzer
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;26:12-19, Mar. 2017. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica ANPCyT.
Resumo: Background: Expansins play an important role in cell wall metabolism and fruit softening. Determination of expansin activity is a challenging problem since it depends on measuring cell wall properties by using ad hoc extensometers, a fact that has strongly restricted its study. Then, the objective of the work was to adapt a methodology to measure cell wall creep and expansin activity using a commercial texture meter, equipped with miniature tensile grips and an ad hoc cuvette of easy construction. Results: It was possible to measure hypocotyls acid growth and expansin activity in a reliable and reproducible way, using a commercial texture meter, common equipment found in laboratories of food science or postharvest technology. Expansin activity was detected in protein extracts from cucumber hypocotyls, tomato and strawberry fruits, and statistical differences in expansin activity were found in both fruit models at different ripening stages. Conclusions: The possibility of measuring expansin activity following this adapted protocol with a commercial texture meter could contribute to ease and increase the analysis of expansin in different systems, leading to a better understanding of the properties of these proteins under different experimental conditions.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1010154
Autor: Yang, Song; Ding, Meng-Meng; Chen, Fang; Xu, Ying.
Título: Proteomic analysis of latex from Jatropha curcas L. stems and comparison of two classic proteomic sample isolation methods: the phenol extraction and the TCA/acetone extraction
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;27:14-24, May. 2017. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: 12th Five-Year Plan of China.
Resumo: Background: Jatropha curcas is a wide-spreading latex-rich biodiesel plant with high oil content in seeds that have always been under intense studies. However, studies are lacking on the latex component that is considered rich in proteins with potentially important physiological functions and secondary metabolites that are a promising source for new drugs. The proteomic analysis, which would be the first step to study these substances, was hampered by the presence of interfering components. Phenol extraction and Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)/ acetone extraction, two major plant proteomic isolation methods, were used and compared in this study. Results: We identified 459 proteins from the J. curcas latex proteome using the combination of the two extraction techniques. Although more number of latex proteins were identified by the phenol extraction (401 proteins vs. 123 proteins by the TCA/acetone extraction), only 65 proteins were commonly isolated by both methods. Analysis of the biochemical properties revealed that relatively more number of lower isoelectric point (pI) proteins were isolated by the TCA/acetone method (pI mode: 4.79, 6.51 for phenol). Moreover, GO, COG, and KEGG analyses showed that certain classes/categories/pathways annotated more number of proteins than others, and most of them had proportionally comparable protein counts by both the methods, however, with exemplified exceptions. Conclusions: A large number of proteins were found and exclusively identified by either method, indicating that a better proteome coverage of plant samples in a similar context needs the combined use of multiple isolation methods. In addition, the core biological function of the latex may be uncovered by certain GO, COG, and KEGG classes/categories/pathways that annotate more proteins.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-889126
Autor: Ansarypour, Zahra; Shahpiri, Azar.
Título: Heterologous expression of a rice metallothionein isoform (OsMTI-1b) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhances cadmium, hydrogen peroxide and ethanol tolerance
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;48(3):537-543, July-Sept. 2017. graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Iran National Science Foundation.
Resumo: Abstract Metallothioneins are a superfamily of low-molecular-weight, cysteine (Cys)-rich proteins that are believed to play important roles in protection against metal toxicity and oxidative stress. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of heterologous expression of a rice metallothionein isoform (OsMTI-1b) on the tolerance of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Cd2+, H2O2 and ethanol stress. The gene encoding OsMTI-1b was cloned into p426GPD as a yeast expression vector. The new construct was transformed to competent cells of S. cerevisiae. After verification of heterologous expression of OsMTI-1b, the new strain and control were grown under stress conditions. In comparison to control strain, the transformed S. cerevisiae cells expressing OsMTI-1b showed more tolerance to Cd2+ and accumulated more Cd2+ ions when they were grown in the medium containing CdCl2. In addition, the heterologous expression of GST-OsMTI-1b conferred H2O2 and ethanol tolerance to S. cerevisiae cells. The results indicate that heterologous expression of plant MT isoforms can enhance the tolerance of S. cerevisiae to multiple stresses.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-1021325
Autor: Al-Soqeer, Abdulrahman A; Alsubaie, Qasi D; Motawei, Mohamed I; Mousa, Hassan M; Abdel-Salam, Ahmed M.
Título: Isolation and identification of allergens and biogenic amines of Prosopis juliflora genotypes
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;30:24-32, nov. 2017. tab, ilus, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Background: Prosopis, or mesquite (Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.), was introduced in Saudi Arabia several decades ago and is heavily used in street, roadside, and park plantations. It shows great adaptation to the prevailing climatic conditions such as high temperature, severe drought, and salinity and spreads naturally in many parts of the Kingdom. This research was conducted to isolate allergen proteins and biogenic amines from the pollen grains of P. juliflora genotypes in Saudi Arabia from two regions, namely Al-Qassim and Eastern regions. Results: The results showed that 18 different allergen proteins were detected in P. juliflora genotypes, with molecular weight ranging from 14 to 97 kDa. Moreover, P. juliflora genotypes from the two studied regions contained eight biogenic amines, namely histamine, tyramine, tryptamine, ß-phenylethylamine, butricine, codapherine, spermidine, and spermine. All genotypes from the Al-Qassim region were found to contain all eight amines, while in the Eastern region, histamine was absent in three genotypes, spermine was absent in six genotypes, and spermidine was absent in three genotypes. Genotypes B23, E20, and E21 had the lowest biogenic amine quantity. Conclusions: All identified proteins from mesquite trees from both regions (Eastern and Al-Qassim) cause allergies in patients who are sensitive to pollen grains. Bioamines, except histamine and tyramine, were recorded at varying concentrations in different genotypes.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Reyes, Félix G. R
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Id: lil-785929
Autor: Albarracín, Sonia Luz; Baldeón, Manuel E; Sangronis, Elba; Cucufate Petruschina, Alexandra; Reyes, Felix G. R.
Título: L-Glutamato: un aminoácido clave para las funciones sensoriales y metabólicas / L-glutamate: a key amino acid for sensory and metabolic functions
Fonte: Arch. latinoam. nutr;66(2):101-112, June 2016. ilus, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: El ácido glutámico como tal o en su forma ionizada L-glutamato (GLU) es uno de los aminoácidos más abundantes en la naturaleza debido a que cumple funciones importantes a nivel celular y sistémico. En el intestino y el hígado, por ejemplo, el GLU constituye fuente de energía y es precursor de moléculas de relevancia biológica. Mientras que en el sistema nervioso central de los mamíferos actúa como neurotransmisor excitatorio, debido a la interacción con receptores específicos distribuidos en el cerebro. Además al GLU se le ha relacionado con la potenciación a corto y largo plazo de la memoria y el aprendizaje. Por otro lado, el consumo de GLU o de su sal monosódica (GMS) como aditivo alimentario genera el gusto umami, palabra japonesa que significa sabroso. El consumo de GMS ha sido considerado seguro por diferentes organizaciones que evalúan la inocuidad de uso de los aditivos alimentarios, razón por la cual han establecido una ingesta diaria admisible (IDA) "no especificada" y lo clasifican como un ingrediente reconocido como seguro o sustancia GRAS (por sus siglas en inglés, Generally Recognized Safe Substance). En esta revisión se presentan los aspectos del metabolismo del GLU, su papel en la degustación de los alimentos y la inocuidad del uso del GMS(AU)

Glutamic acid or its ionic form L-glutamate (GLU) is one of the most abundant amino acids in nature and it plays important functions at the cellular and systemic levels. For instance, in the intestine and liver, GLU is a source of energy and is the precursor of key biological molecules. At the central nervous system of mammals, GLU acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter due to the interaction with specific receptors. In addition, GLU has been related with short- and long-term potentiation, memory and the learning. Furthermore, consumption of GLU or its monosodium salt (monosodium glutamate, MSG) as a food additive is responsible for the umami taste. The consumption of MSG has been considered safe for different agencies responsible for the evaluation of the safe use of food additives, which have establish an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) “not specified”, or classified as Generally Recognized Safe Substance (GRAS). This review focuses on important metabolic aspects of GLU and its role in food tasting and MSG safety(AU)
Responsável: VE557.1 - Biblioteca Fundación Bengoa


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Id: lil-757064
Autor: Truszkowski, Martín; Moreno, Rodolfo P; Santos, Silvia N; Moreno, Guillermo E; Iolster, Thomas; Siaba Serrate, Alejandro; Landry, Luis; Ratto, María Elena; Rufach, Daniel; Fernández, Analía; Vassallo, Juan C; Buamscha, Daniel; Debaisi, Gustavo; Yulitta, Horacio.
Autor: Grupo de Investigación Clínica y Epidemiológica en Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica.
Título: Características de las residencias de terapia intensiva pediátrica de la República Argentina: Encuesta nacional / Characteristics of pediatric intensive care residency programs in Argentina: A national survey
Fonte: Arch. argent. pediatr;113(5):425-432, oct. 2015. graf, tab.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción. La residencia de terapia intensiva pediátrica (TIP) tiene pocos años de desarrollo en nuestro país. Conocer su situación brinda la posibilidad de establecer estrategias para contribuir al desarrollo y capacitación de profesionales. Objetivos. 1) Describir las características de las residencias de TIP del país. 2) Evaluar si existen características que se relacionen con una mayor ocupación de las vacantes. 3) Explorar la inserción laboral en el hospital formador de los residentes. Diseño. Descriptivo, observacional. Encuesta nacional. Criterios de inclusión. Residencias de TIP funcionales entre el 1/4/2014 y el 31/5/2014. Resultados. Se analizaron 31 residencias. Solo 11/31 tenían volumen de internación anual >400 pacientes. No había normas y/o criterios de atención en 9/31. En 17/31, el programa estuvo adecuado al marco de referencia nacional. Hubo 13/31 que no contaban con jefe ni instructor de residentes. Fueron acreditadas por el Ministerio de Salud 5/31. Hubo 65 vacantes; el número aumentó en los últimos 4 años; la ocupación disminuyó de 59% en 2009 a 30% en 2013. El 60% de los residentes tuvo inserción laboral en la TIP formadora. El análisis de regresión logística multivariado identificó la variable ingresos anuales > 400 pacientes como predictora independiente de ocupación de vacantes > 60%. Conclusiones. 1) Hay un déficit en la ocupación de cargos. 2) El número de residencias acreditadas es escaso. 3) Las unidades de cuidados intensivos pediátricos con mayor número de ingresos se asociaron a una mayor cobertura de vacantes. 4) Más de la mitad de los residentes se insertaron laboralmente en la TIP formadora.

Introduction. Pediatric intensive care residency programs have been in place in Argentina for just a few years. Knowing their status offers the possibility to establish strategies to help with professional development and training. Objectives. 1) To describe the characteristics of pediatric intensive care residency programs across Argentina. 2) To assess whether certain characteristics are related to a higher vacancy filling rate. 3) To assess job placement in the hospital where residents are trained. Design. Descriptive, observational study. National survey. Inclusion criteria. Pediatric intensive care residency programs in place between April 1st, 2014 and May 31st, 2014. Results. Thirty-one residency programs were analyzed. Only 11/31 had an annual hospitalization volume >400patients. There were no guidelines and/or criteria for care in 9/31. The program suited the national reference frameworkin17/31. There was no head ofresidents or resident trainer in 13/31. Only 5/31 had been certified by the Ministry of Health. There were 65 vacancies; this number increased in the past four years; vacancy filling rate decreased from 59% in 2009 to 30% in 2013. Sixty percent of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained. A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the outcome measure annual hospitalization volume >400 patients as an independent predictor of vacancy filling rate >60%. Conclusions. 1) Vacancy filling is deficient. 2) The number of certified residency programs is scarce. 3) Pediatric intensive care units with a higher number of hospitalizations were associated with a higher vacancy filling rate. 4) More than half of residents got a job in the pediatric intensive care unit where they were trained.
Responsável: AR1.2 - Instituto de Investigaciónes Epidemiológicas



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