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Id: biblio-893154
Autor: Makalani, Fatemeh; Khazaei, Mohammad Rasool; Ghanbari, Elham; Khazaei, Mozafar.
Título: Crab shell extract improves serum biochemical markers and histological changes of pancreas in diabetic rats / El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo mejora los marcadores bioquímicos del suero y los cambios histológicos del páncreas en ratas diabética
Fonte: Int. j. morphol;35(4):1437-1443, Dec. 2017. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: SUMMARY: Diabetes mellitus is a common metabolic disease. There are many natural agents available to control and treat diabetes. Crab shell extract has antioxidant properties. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of crab shell hydroalcoholic extract on blood glucose, liver enzymes, nitric oxide and antioxidant capacity of serum and histological structure of pancreas in diabetic rats. In this experimental study, thirty five male Wistar rats (180-220 g) were divided into control, diabetic and experimental groups (n=7). Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Rats were treated for 14 days by crab shell extract with 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg doses. Fasting blood glucose, serum levels of liver enzymes, nitric oxide (NO) and total antioxidant capacity were evaluated. Changes of pancreatic tissue were determined using a modified aldehyde fuchsin staining method. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA. Differences were considered statistically significant at P<0.05. Crab shell extract induced a significant reduction in blood glucose, serum levels of nitric oxide and ALT (P=0.033). Also, there were a significant increase in total antioxidant capacity (FRAP) (P=0.007), and insignificant decrease in serum levels of AST. The extract improved pancreatic tissue changes caused by diabetes. In conclusion, antioxidant and anti-diabetic effects of crab shell increase total antioxidant capacity of serum and decreased blood glucose, serum nitric oxide and ALT levels.

RESUMEN: La diabetes mellitus es una enfermedad metabólica común. Hay muchos agentes naturales disponibles para controlar y tratar la diabetes. El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo tiene propiedades antioxidantes. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar el efecto del extracto hidroalcohólico de la cáscara de cangrejo sobre la glucosa sérica, las enzimas hepáticas, el óxido nítrico y la capacidad antioxidante del suero y la estructura histológica del páncreas en ratas diabéticas. En este estudio experimental, treinta y cinco ratas Wistar machos (180220 g) se dividieron en cinco grupos: control, diabéticos y experimentales (n = 7). La diabetes se indujo por inyección intraperitoneal de estreptozotocina (60 mg / kg). Las ratas se trataron durante 14 días con extracto de cáscara de cangrejo con dosis de 100, 200 y 400 mg / kg. Se evaluaron la glucosa en sangre en ayunas, las enzimas hepáticas, el óxido nítrico sérico y la capacidad antioxidante total. Los cambios en el tejido pancreático se determinaron usando un método de tinción de aldehído fucsina modificado. Los datos se analizaron utilizando ANOVA unidireccional. Las diferencias se consideraron estadísticamente significativas a P <0,05. El extracto de cáscara de cangrejo indujo una reducción significativa en la glucosa en sangre, en los niveles séricos de óxido nítrico y ALT (P = 0,033). Además se observó un aumento significativo en la capacidad antioxidante total (FRAP) (P = 0.007), y una disminución insignificante en los niveles séricos de AST. El extracto mejoró los cambios en el tejido pancreático causados por la diabetes. En conclusión, los efectos antioxidantes y antidiabéticos de la cáscara de cangrejo aumentan la capacidad antioxidante total de suero y la disminución de la glucosa en la sangre, el óxido nítrico sérico y los niveles de ALT.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-756227
Autor: Tesolin, Gabrielli Aparecida Sanches; Marson, Marina Menezes; Jonsson, Claudio Martín; Nogueira, Antônio José Arsénia; Franco, Daniel Andrade de Siqueira; Almeida, Sydnei Dionísio Batista de; Matllo, Marcus Barifouse; Mouora, Monica Accaui Marcondes de.
Título: Avaliação da toxicidade de herbicidas usados emcana-de-açúcar para o Paulistinha (Danio rerio) / Toxicity evaluation of herbicides used in sugarcane crops toZebrafish (Danio rerio)
Fonte: Mundo saúde (Impr.) = Mundo saude (Impr);38(1):86-97, dez. 2013. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Na natureza, os organismos são constantemente expostos a mais de um agente tóxico e, apesar do fenômeno de interaçõesquímicas ser conhecido há tempos, são poucos os estudos realizados que privilegiam a observação dos efeitosdecorrentes da exposição a duas ou mais substâncias. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito combinado damistura dos herbicidas Gesapax 500® (ametrina 500 g/L) e Velpar K® (diuron 468 g/kg + hexazinone 132 g/kg) sobreo paulistinha (Danio rerio). O ensaio foi baseado no teste FET da OECD, com duração de 96 horas. As concentraçõestestadas foram 0, 21,22, 29,52, 41,08, 57,17 e 79,56 mg/L de Gesapax 500 vs. 0, 15,21, 21,17, 29,46, 40,99 e 57,04mg/L de Velpar K. Os testes foram conduzidos em triplicata e avaliados diariamente. As CL50-96h determinadas foram41,705 ± 8,373 mg/L para o Gesapax 500 e 55,460 ± 20,826 mg/L para o Velpar K. O modelo da mistura que melhordescreve a relação entre os dois componentes é a ação independente, sendo a toxicidade dose-dependente, ou seja,em baixas doses ocorre antagonismo e, em altas doses, sinergismo. Os endpoints edemas, atraso no desenvolvimentoembrionário (delay) e na absorção do saco vitelínico e diminuição na frequência de cardíaca foram observados apartir das concentrações mais baixas da mistura. Pelos dados obtidos, concluiu-se que a mistura de Gesapax 500 eVelpar K é medianamente tóxica para o paulistinha e que os endpoints avaliados foram úteis na determinação de suatoxicidade.

In nature, organisms are constantly exposed to more than one toxic agent, and although the phenomenon of chemical interactionsare known for some time, there are few previous studies that emphasize observation of the effects resulting fromexposure to two or more substances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effect of the mixture of herbicideGesapax 500® (ametrina 500 g/L) and Velpar K® (diuron 468 g/kg + hexazinone 132 g/kg) on zebrafish (Danio rerio). The testwas based on the Fish Embryo Toxicity (FET) from OECD, lasting 96 hours. The concentrations tested were: 0, 21.22, 29.52,41.08, 57.17 and 79.56 mg/L Gesapax 500 vs. 0, 15.21, 21.17, 29.46, 40.99 and 57.04 mg/L Velpar K. Tests were conductedin triplicate and evaluated daily. LC50-96h was determined to 41.705 ± 8.373 mg/L to Gesapax 500 and 55.460 ± 20.826 mg/Lto Velpar K. The mixture model that best describes the relationship between the two components is independent action andtoxicity of the mixture is dose-dependent, occurring antagonism at low doses and synergism at high doses. The endpointsedema, delay in general development and in yolk sac absorption and decrease in frequency of heart-beat rate were observedfrom the lower concentrations of the mixture. From the data obtained, it is concluded that the mixture of Velpar K and Gesapax500 is moderately toxic to zebrafish and that the endpoints evaluated were useful in determining its toxicity.
Responsável: BR599.1 - Coordenação Geral de Documentação e Informação (CGDI)


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Id: lil-749699
Autor: Bittencourt-Oliveira, MC.; Hereman, TC.; Macedo-Silva, I.; Cordeiro-Araújo, MK.; Sasaki, FFC.; Dias, CTS..
Título: Sensitivity of salad greens (Lactuca sativa L. and Eruca sativa Mill.) exposed to crude extracts of toxic and non-toxic cyanobacteria / Sensibilidade de hortaliças (Lactuca sativa L. e Eruca sativa Mill.) à exposição de extratos brutos de cianobactéria tóxica e não tóxica
Fonte: Braz. j. biol;75(2):273-278, 05/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: FAPESP; . CNPq.
Resumo: We evaluated the effect of crude extracts of the microcystin-producing (MC+) cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa on seed germination and initial development of lettuce and arugula, at concentrations between 0.5 μg.L–1 and 100 μg.L–1 of MC-LR equivalent, and compared it to crude extracts of the same species without the toxin (MC–). Crude extracts of the cyanobacteria with MC (+) and without MC (–) caused different effects on seed germination and initial development of the salad green seedlings, lettuce being more sensitive to both extracts when compared to arugula. Crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC+) caused more evident effects on seed germination and initial development of both species of salad greens than MC–. Concentrations of 75 μg.L–1 and 100 μg.L–1 of MC–LR equivalent induced a greater occurrence of abnormal seedlings in lettuce, due to necrosis of the radicle and shortening of this organ in normal seedlings, as well as the reduction in total chlorophyll content and increase in the activity of the antioxidant enzyme peroxidase (POD). The MC– extract caused no harmful effects to seed germination and initial development of seedlings of arugula. However, in lettuce, it caused elevation of POD enzyme activity, decrease in seed germination at concentrations of 75 μg.L–1 (MC-75) and 100 μg.L–1 (MC-100), and shortening of the radicle length, suggesting that other compounds present in the cyanobacteria extracts contributed to this result. Crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC–) may contain other compounds, besides the cyanotoxins, capable of causing inhibitory or stimulatory effects on seed germination and initial development of salad green seedlings. Arugula was more sensitive to the crude extracts of M. aeruginosa (MC+) and (MC–) and to other possible compounds produced by the cyanobacteria.

Analisamos os efeitos de extratos brutos da cianobactéria M. aeruginosa, produtora de microcistinas (MC+), na germinação de sementes e no desenvolvimento de plântulas de alface e rúcula, em concentrações de 0,5 a 100 μg.L–1de MC–LR equivalente e comparamos com extrato brutos da mesma espécie sem a toxina (MC–). Extratos brutos de cianobactérias com MC (+) e sem MC (–) causaram efeitos diferentes na germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças, sendo que a alface apresentou maior sensibilidade a ambos os extratos comparando-se com a rúcula. Extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC+) causaram efeitos mais evidentes sobre a germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças do que os (MC–). Concentrações de 75 e 100 μg.L–1 de MC–LR equivalente induziram maior ocorrência de plântulas anormais na alface devido ao aparecimento de necrose na radícula e seu encurtamento nas plântulas normais, bem como a redução no teor de clorofila total e aumento na atividade da enzima antioxidante peroxidase (POD). O extrato (MC–) não provocou efeitos inibitórios na germinação de sementes e desenvolvimento de plântulas para a rúcula, no entanto, provocou elevação da atividade da enzima POD, redução na germinação de sementes nas concentrações de 75 e 100 μg.L–1, e no comprimento da radícula na alface, sugerindo a ação de outros compostos presentes nos extratos da cianobactéria. Extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC–) podem conter outros compostos além de cianotoxinas capazes de provocar efeitos inibitórios ou estimulatórios na germinação de sementes e no desenvolvimento de plântulas de hortaliças. A rúcula apresentou menor sensibilidade aos extratos brutos de M. aeruginosa (MC+) e (MC–) e outros possíveis compostos produzidos por estas cianobactérias.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-748222
Autor: Zhang, L.; Ji, Y.X.; Jiang, W.L.; Lv, C.J..
Título: Protective roles of pulmonary rehabilitation mixture in experimental pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;48(6):545-552, 06/2015. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Taishan Scholar Project to Fang Han.
Resumo: Abnormal high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) activation is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary rehabilitation mixture (PRM), which combines extracts from eight traditional Chinese medicines, has very good lung protection in clinical use. However, it is not known if PRM has anti-fibrotic activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of PRM on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-mediated and bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. The effects of PRM on TGF-β1-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in A549 cells, on the proliferation of human lung fibroblasts (HLF-1) in vitro, and on BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo were investigated. PRM treatment resulted in a reduction of EMT in A549 cells that was associated with attenuating an increase of vimentin and a decrease of E-cadherin. PRM inhibited the proliferation of HLF-1 at an IC50 of 0.51 µg/mL. PRM ameliorated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats, with reduction of histopathological scores and collagen deposition, and a decrease in α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and HMGB1 expression. An increase in receptor for advanced glycation end-product (RAGE) expression was found in BLM-instilled lungs. PRM significantly decreased EMT and prevented pulmonary fibrosis through decreasing HMGB1 and regulating RAGE in vitro and in vivo. PRM inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT via decreased HMGB1 and vimentin and increased RAGE and E-cadherin levels. In summary, PRM prevented experimental pulmonary fibrosis by modulating the HMGB1/RAGE pathway.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Autor: Thiesen, Carlos Henrique; Rodrigues Filho, Rubens; Prates, Luiz Henrique Maykot; Sartori, Neimar.
Título: The influence of desensitizing dentifrices on pain induced by in-office bleaching
Fonte: Braz. oral res;27(6):517-523, Nov-Dec/2013. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of desensitizing dentifrices used 15 days prior to and after in-office tooth bleaching could eliminate or reduce tooth sensitivity. After institutional review board approval and informed consent, 45 subjects were selected and divided into 3 groups according to the dentifrice selected: Colgate Total (CT), Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief (CS) or Sensodyne ProNamel (SP). The subjects used toothpaste and a toothbrush provided to them for 15 days prior to bleaching. They were then submitted to two in-office bleaching sessions (Whiteness HP Blue Calcium). Their tooth sensitivity was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for a week after each session. Their tooth shade alteration was measured with a Vitapan Classical shade guide to determine if the dentifrices could influence the effectiveness of the bleaching agent. The data were submitted to Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). The use of desensitizing dentifrices did not affect the bleaching efficacy. In regard to tooth sensitivity, there was a statistically significant difference between the results of the Control Group and Group T2 after the first session (p = 0.048). There was no statistically significant difference in the results for the other groups after the first session. In regard to the second session, there was no statistically significant difference in the results for all the groups. The use of a desensitizing dentifrice containing nitrate potassium reduced tooth sensitivity during the bleaching regimen. Dentifrices containing arginine and calcium carbonate did not reduce tooth sensitivity. Color change was not influenced by the dentifrices used.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Autor: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária; Braga, Fabio Ribeiro; Araújo, Jackson Victor de; Soares, Filippe Elias de Freitas; Araujo, Juliana Milani; Ferreira, Sebastião Rodrigo; Tavela, Alexandre de Oliveira; Silveira, Wendeo Ferreira da; Queiroz, José Humberto de.
Título: Proteolytic action of the crude extract of Duddingtonia flagrans on cyathostomins (Nematoda: Cyathostominae) in coprocultures / Ação proteolítica do extrato bruto de Duddingtonia flagrans sobre ciatostomíneos (Nematoda: Cyathostominae) em coproculturas
Fonte: Rev. bras. parasitol. vet;22(1):143-146, jan-mar/2013. graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: The objective of this study was to examine the action of the crude extract of Duddingtonia flagrans (isolates AC001 and CG722) on infective larvae (L3) of cyathostomins in coprocultures and to confirm its proteolytic activity by means of a zymogram. The following groups were formed in coprocultures: Group 1: 10 mL of crude extract of D. flagrans (AC001); group 2: 10 mL of crude extract of AC001 with 10 mM of Ca2+; group 3: 10 mL of crude extract of D. flagrans (CG722); group 4: 10 mL of crude extract of CG722 with 10 mM of Ca2+; and group 5: control group (distilled water). The third-stage larvae (L3) were obtained after eight days. The crude extract of D. flagrans was effective in reducing the number of L3, with the following percentage reductions: group 1, 49.5%; group 2, 52.5%; group 3, 36.8%; and group 4, 57.7%; in relation to the control group (p > 0.05). The proteolytic activity of the crude extract was confirmed through the zymogram. The results from this study confirmed that the crude extract of the fungus D. flagrans could be used for controlling cyathostomin L3, and suggested that at least one protease of approximately 38 kDa was present.

O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a ação do extrato bruto de Duddingtonia flagrans (isolados AC001 e CG722) sobre larvas infectantes (L3) de ciatostomíneos em coproculturas e confirmar a sua atividade proteolítica por meio de um zimograma. Foram formados os seguintes grupos em coproculturas: grupo 1: 10 mL de extrato bruto de D. flagrans (AC001); grupo 2: 10 mL de extrato bruto de AC001 com íons Ca2+ 10 Mm; grupo 3: 10 mL de extrato bruto de D. flagrans (CG722); grupo 4: 10 mL de extrato bruto de CG722 com íons Ca2+ 10 Mm; e grupo 5 como controle (água destilada), obtendo-se as L3 ao final de 8 dias. O extrato bruto de D. flagrans foi eficiente na redução do número de L3 com os seguintes percentuais de redução: grupo 1 (49,5%); grupo 2 (52,5%); grupo 3 (36,8%) e grupo 4 (57,7%) em relação ao grupo controle (p > 0,05). Confirmou-se a atividade proteolítica por meio do zimograma. Os resultados do presente trabalho confirmam a utilização do extrato bruto do fungo D. flagrans no controle de L3 de ciatostomíneos e sugere a presença de pelo menos uma protease de aproximadamente 38 kDa.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-665798
Autor: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; Menezes, C.B.A.; Silva, B.P.; Sousa, I.M.O.; Ruiz, A.L.T.G.; Spindola, H.M.; Cabral, E.; Eberlin, M.N.; Tinti, S.V.; Carvalho, J.E.; Foglio, M.A.; Fantinatti-Garboggini, F..
Título: In vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of crude extracts obtained from Brazilian Chromobacterium sp isolates
Fonte: Braz. j. med. biol. res = Rev. bras. pesqui. méd. biol;46(1):65-70, 11/jan. 2013. tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Natural products produced by microorganisms have been an important source of new substances and lead compounds for the pharmaceutical industry. Chromobacterium violaceum is a Gram-negative β-proteobacterium, abundant in water and soil in tropical and subtropical regions and it produces violacein, a pigment that has shown great pharmaceutical potential. Crude extracts of five Brazilian isolates of Chromobacterium sp (0.25, 2.5, 25, and 250 µg/mL) were evaluated in an in vitro antitumor activity assay with nine human tumor cells. Secondary metabolic profiles were analyzed by liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry resulting in the identification of violacein in all extracts, whereas FK228 was detected only in EtCE 308 and EtCE 592 extracts. AcCE and EtCE 310 extracts showed selectivity for NCI/ADR-RES cells in the in vitro assay and were evaluated in vivo in the solid Ehrlich tumor model, resulting in 50.3 and 54.6% growth inhibition, respectively. The crude extracts of Chromobacterium sp isolates showed potential and selective antitumor activities for certain human tumor cells, making them a potential source of lead compounds. Furthermore, the results suggest that other compounds, in addition to violacein, deoxyviolacein and FK228, may be involved in the antitumor effect observed.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-653843
Autor: Mendiola Martínez, Judith; Regalado Veloz, Luis; Fernández-Calienes Valdés, Aymé; Acuña Rodríguez, Deyanira; Rojas Rivero, Lázara; Valdés Iglesias, Olga.
Título: Actividad antiplasmodial in vivo de las esponjas Mycale laxissima y Clathria echinata / In vivo antiplasmodial activity of Mycale laxissima and Clathria echinata sponges
Fonte: Rev. cuba. med. trop;64(3):244-255, jul.-sep. 2012.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: la búsqueda de nuevas sustancias antimaláricas incluye entre sus retos el desarrollo de alternativas para el tratamiento de la malaria cerebral, debido a la alta mortalidad y las deficiencias neurológicas persistentes después del tratamiento con los medicamentos recomendados actualmente. Objetivos: evaluar la actividad de fracciones orgánicas de Mycale laxissima y Clathria echinata en el modelo de malaria cerebral producida por la infección de ratones C57BL/6 con Plasmodium berghei ANKA. Métodos: se evaluaron fracciones orgánicas obtenidas mediante cromatografía flash en fase inversa a partir de los extractos crudos de las dos especies. Se realizó un análisis químico cualitativo para detectar la presencia de saponinas, triterpenos/esteroides y alcaloides en estas fracciones. El efecto esquizonticida de las fracciones se determinó mediante la prueba de supresión de la parasitemia al inicio de la infección. Se evaluaron la supervivencia, los síntomas neurológicos y la reducción del peso corporal en los días subsiguientes. Resultados: las fracciones orgánicas de Mycale laxissima a dosis de 200 mg/kg y Clathria echinata a100 mg/kg no mostraron una disminución sustancial del peso de los animales o muertes hasta el día 4; para las cuales se obtuvieron reducciones significativas de las medianas de la parasitemia de 45 % y 53 %, respectivamente. La fracción de Mycale laxissima a 200 mg/kg produjo un incremento significativo en el tiempo de supervivencia hasta 20 d, mientras los animales tratados con Clathria echinata a 100 mg/kg presentaron una mediana de tiempo de supervivencia de 16 d. Ambos incrementos fueron superiores a 7 d. En este período, los animales tratados con las fracciones orgánicas de Clathria echinata y Mycale laxissima no presentaron los síntomas neurológicos observados en los controles. Esta prolongación de la supervivencia fue similar a la observada en presencia de dosis de 7,5 mg/kg de cloroquina. Conclusiones: las fracciones orgánicas de Mycale laxissima y Clathria echinata mostraron actividades antimaláricas, promisorias en el modelo de infección de ratones C57BL/6 con Plasmodium berghei ANKA, que sugieren el estudio de sus constituyentes químicos activos.

Introduction: the search of new antimalarial compounds comprises, among its challenges, the development of therapeutic alternatives for cerebral malaria; due to the high mortality and neurological deficiencies that persist after treatment with recommended drugs. Objectives: to evaluate the activity of organic fractions of Mycale laxissima and Clathria echinata in the cerebral malaria model of infection of C57BL/6 mice with Plasmodium berghei ANKA. Methods: preparative fractions of both species were obtained by reverse-phase flash chromatography. In order to detect the presence of saponins, triterpenods/steroids and alkaloids, a qualitative chemical analysis was performed. The schyzontocidal effect of the extracts was determined by the suppression test at the beginning of the infection. Survival, neurological symptoms and body weight changes were evaluated in subsequent days. Results: the organic fractions of Mycale laxissima at 200 mg/kg and Clathria echinata at 100 mg/kg showed neither substantial reductions of body weights, nor deaths of animals until day 4; but caused significant reductions of median parasitemia of 45 % and 53 % respectively. The fraction of Mycale laxissima at 200 mg/kg caused a significant increase in the median survival time up to day 20, whereas animals treated with Clathria echinata at 100 mg/kg presented a survival of 16 days. Both increases the survival time 7 days. Neurological alterations were not observed in the groups treated with organic fractions when compared to the control group. This survival extension was similar to the effect of administration of 7.5 mg/kg of chloroquine. Conclusions: the organic fractions of Mycale laxissima and Clathria echinata exhibited promising antimalarial activities in the infection model of C57BL/6 mice with Plasmodium berghei ANKA. This indicates that their active chemical constituents should be studied.
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: lil-626688
Autor: Silva, Sônia Maria Ferreira Queiroz e; Pinheiro, Sandra Maria Botelho; Queiroz, Maria Vilian Ferreira; Pranchevicius, Maria Cristina; Castro, José Gerley Díaz; Perim, Michele Cezimbra; Carreiro, Solange Cristina.
Título: Atividade in vitro de extratos brutos de duas espécies vegetais do cerrado sobre leveduras do gênero Candida / In vitro activity of crude extracts of two plant species in the Cerrado on yeast of the Candida SPP variety
Fonte: Ciênc. saúde coletiva;17(6):1649-1656, jun. 2012. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Objetivou-se conhecer a atividade de Lafoensia pacari e a de Brossimum gaudichaudii, sobre leveduras do gênero Candida isoladas da mucosa vaginal. As leveduras foram isoladas a partir de esfregaço de mucosa vaginal de mulheres com ou sem sintomatologia. Realizou-se os testes de susceptibilidade em duplicata para 34 linhagens de Candida frente aos extratos brutos das espécies vegetais, nas concentrações de 50, 100 e 200 mg.mL-1. Consideraram-se como ativos os extratos que produziram halos de inibição com média a partir de 10 mm. Evidenciou-se atividade antifúngica de B. gaudichaudii na concentração de 200 mg.mL-1, enquanto que a de L. pacari mostrou-se ativo a 50 mg.mL-1. A atividade dos extratos vegetais estudados destacou-se em relação à Nistatina creme (100.000UI/4g) utilizada como controle.

This work aims to evaluate the activity of Lafoensia Pacari and Brossimum gaudichaudii on yeast of the Candida variety isolated from vaginal mucus. The yeasts were obtained from swabs of women with or without symptoms. Susceptibility testing in duplicate was carried out for 34 strains of Candida compared to crude extracts of plant species at concentrations of 50, 100 and 200 mg.mL-1. Extracts that produced inhibition zones with an average of over 10 mm were considered to be active. Antifungal activity of B. gaudichaudii at a concentration of 200-mg.mL-1 was proven, while that of L. pacari was found to be active at 50 mg.mL-1. The activity of plant extracts was revealed compared to Nystatin cream (100.000UI/4g) used for control purposes.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-615581
Autor: García Parra, Marley; Monzote Fidalgo, Lianet; Castañeda Pasarón, Olga; García Delgado, Neivys; Pérez Hernández, Aneysi.
Título: Actividad antileishmanial de seis extractos de organismos marinos / Antileishmanial activity of six extracts from marine organisms
Fonte: Rev. cuba. med. trop;64(1):61-64, ene.-abr. 2012.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Introducción: las infecciones causadas por protozoos del género Leishmania constituyen un problema de salud mundial con una alta prevalencia en países subdesarrollados. En la actualidad no existe una vacuna contra esta enfermedad y el tratamiento utilizado es deficiente, por lo que la búsqueda de medicamentos más efectivos y seguros constituye una urgente necesidad. Objetivo: evaluar la actividad antileishmanial in vitro de 6 extractos acuosos e hidroalcohólicos de organismos marinos. Métodos: se determinó la actividad frente a promastigotes y amastigotes de Leishmania amazonensis, así como su toxicidad frente a macrófagos peritoneales de ratones BALB/c. Resultados: en el ensayo de promastigotes los extractos de Bryothamnion triquetrum, Bunodosoma granulifera, Halimeda opuntia, y Physalia physalis mostraron una inhibición del crecimiento a concentraciones menores de 100 µg/mL; mientras que frente a amastigotes, estos 2 últimos extractos fueron los más activos y menos tóxicos con un índice de selectividad de 6 y 8, respectivamente. Conclusiones: teniendo en cuenta estos resultados se consideró que los extractos de H. opuntia y P. physalis mostraron una promisoria actividad, por lo que se sugiere continuar los estudios de su actividad in vivo.

Introduction: infections caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania are a global health problem with a high prevalence in underdeveloped countries. There is no vaccine against this disease at present and the treatment used is poor, so the search for more effective and safe medicines is an urgent need. Objective: to assess the in vitro antileishmanial activity of six aqueous and hydroalcohol extracts from marine organisms. Methods: the activity of six extracts against Leishmania amazonensis promastigots and amastigots as well as their toxicity against peritoneal macrophages in BALB/c mice. Results: in the promastigot assay, the extracts from Bryothamnion triquetrum, Bunodosoma granulifera, Halimeda opuntia and Physalia physalis showed growth inhibition at concentrations lower than 100 µg/mL whereas in amastigots, these last two extracts were the most active and least toxic with a selectivity index of 6 and 8 respectively. Conclusions: taking these results into account, it was considered that the H. opuntia and P. physalis extracts showed a promising activity, so it is suggested that further studies on its in vivo activity be conducted.
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional



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