Base de dados : LILACS
Pesquisa : SP1.001 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1084 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Longo]

página 1 de 109 ir para página                         

  1 / 1084 LILACS  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832158
Autor: Kiddell-Monroe, Rachel; Iversen, Johanne Helene; Gopinathan, Unni.
Título: Medical R&D convention derailed: implications for the global health system
Fonte: Journal of Health Diplomacy;1(1):[6], 2013.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Potentially game-changing proposals to improve access to medicines have been stalled by the member states of the World Health Organization (WHO). In April 2012, the WHO Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development (CEWG) concluded that one way to address market failures in medical research and development (R&D) for diseases affecting the poorest populations was to negotiate a Medical R&D Convention1 (CEWG, 2012). This could lead to sustainable change within financing, monitoring and coordination of R&D rather than just trying to mend the existing system (Røttingen & Chamas, 2012). To the disappointment of some states and many civil society actors, a recent meeting of the WHO suspended the negotiations (Love, 2012). While some consider the global economic climate unable to support a convention that would require significant time and funding, we demonstrate that the current global health system has failed once more to address one of the most pressing global health challenges of our time. In this commentary, we show how thwarted attempts to develop an R&D convention have spurred our call for fresh debate on the viability of the very foundations of the current global health system.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  2 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832132
Autor: Forman, Lisa.
Título: Human rights impact assessment of trade-related Intellectual property rights: a key strategy in post-2015 efforts to improve access to safe and accessible medicines
Fonte: Journal of Health Diplomacy;1(1):7-7, 2013.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: In 2013, more than half the world's poor continue to lack access to essential medicines, despite a multitude of global health diplomacy efforts to increase access to affordable medicines in low and middle-income countries. This failure is exemplified in Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Target 8E which aims to increase access to affordable medicines, yet fails to address key causes of unaffordability, including trade-related intellectual property rights under World Trade Organization (WTO) and bilateral and regional free trade agreement rules. This commentary argues that addressing these price impacts is key to effectively advancing access to medicines and that such measures should be incorporated into goals to replace the MDGs after they expire in 2015. One way to do so is through the use of human rights impact assessment (HRIA) of trade-related intellectual property rights to mitigate the price impacts of these rights and realize state duties in order to provide access to affordable essential medicines. An HRIA requires policy makers to assess the impacts of trade-related intellectual property rights on medicine affordability and access, and to accordingly remedy any negative impacts on medicines access. Multiple global health and human rights actors and institutions endorse their use, and significant attention has been brought to developing effective, robust and user-friendly methodologies. Global policy makers formulating post-2015 access-to-medicine goals should ensure that HRIAs are adopted as a pragmatic and widely agreed upon means of protecting drugs from a key structural determinant of inaccessibility, and realizing universal access as a prioritized aspect of the right to health.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  3 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832101
Autor: Franco, A.
Título: Globalizar la salud / Globalize health
Fonte: Gac. Sanit;17(2):163-163, mar.-abr. 2003.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: En este artículo se exploran diversos aspectos de la relación entre salud y globalización. Se consideran diferentes dimensiones de la globalización (económica, tecnológica, cultural y política) y se discuten sus consecuencias sobre la salud en términos epidemiológicos, éticos, sanitarios, ambientales y en relación con la distribución del poder y la equidad. Se analizan datos que evidencian la globalización de los riesgos y las enfermedades, atribuibles al actual modelo de relaciones internacionales y a la movilidad entre países. En el artículo se defiende la propuesta de globalizar la salud, integrando conceptos renovados y adelantos en las ciencias afines a la salud pública con nuevas estrategias políticas, sociales y organizativas de la práctica sanitaria. Finalmente, se reconocen las oportunidades que nos brinda la globalización, desde mediados del siglo pasado, para redefinir la gobernabilidad mundial y desarrollar movimientos locales, basados en la solidaridad y en una nueva concepción política que favorezcan la universalización de la salud.

In this article diverse aspects of the relationship between health and globalization are explored. Different dimensions of globalization (economic, technological, cultural and political) are considered. Aspects of its effects on health (epidemiological, ethical and environmental), as well as its relationship with public health, power distribution and equity are discussed. Data that demonstrate the globalization of risks and of diseases, due to the current model of international relations and geographical mobility, are analyzed. The article defends the globalization of health and integrates renewed concepts and scientific advances in public health with politics, social strategies and new organizational forms of the practice of public health. Finally, we discuss the opportunities that have been provided by globalization since the middle of the last century for redefining world government and for developing local movements, based on solidarity and a new concept of politics, which could favor the universalization of health.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  4 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832067
Autor: Zárate Campos, María Soledad; González Moya, Maricela.
Título: Planificación familiar en la Guerra Fría chilena: política sanitaria y cooperación internacional, 1960-1973 / Family Planning in the Chilean Cold War: Health Policy and International Cooperation, 1960-1973
Fonte: Hist. Crit(55):230-230, mar. 2015.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Este artículo busca documentar los vínculos del Programa de Planificación Familiar chileno con organizaciones como el Population Council, la Rockefeller Foundation, la International Planned Parenthood Federation y la ONU, entre 1960 y 1973. En el marco de las políticas poblacionales impuestas por la Guerra Fría, se analiza la trayectoria de la comunidad médica chilena, que, compartiendo los lineamientos ideológicos de las agencias internacionales, entendió esa relación como un instrumento eficiente para la contención de las altas tasas de aborto, más que para la disminución significativa del crecimiento poblacional.

This article seeks to document the links between the Chilean Family Planning Program and organizations such as the Population Council, the Rockefeller Foundation, the International Planned Parenthood Federation and the UN between 1960 and 1973. Within the framework of the population policies imposed by the Cold War, it analyzes the trajectory of the Chilean medical community, which, by sharing in the ideological guidelines of the international agencies, understood said relationship more as an efficient instrument for limiting high abortion rates than as means to significantly reduce population growth.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  5 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832059
Autor: Melo, Valdir; Nogueira, Roberto Passos.
Título: O estudo 2010 de carga global da doença: crítica da formação da ponderação dos indicadores / The 2010 study of global burden of disease: critique of the formation of the weighting of indicators.
Fonte: Brasília; Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada; 2015. 1-38 p.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O estudo 2010 de carga global da doença pretende informar e orientar algumas políticas públicas. Este Texto para discussão aponta algumas limitações do estudo, tanto do ponto de vista metodológico quanto de sua utilidade para as políticas nacionais, por meio de uma crítica à formação dos pesos que compõem os indicadores. Os entrevistados que emitiram julgamentos sobre gravidade de condições de saúde não representam as populações de seus respectivos países; ademais, não se pode saber quais tipos de camadas sociais, etnias, faixas etárias, profissões e ocupações, níveis de educação etc. eles representam. Os dados do estudo também não servem para comparar o progresso das políticas de um país entre dois períodos de tempo, porque os pesos empregados na agregação não são de qualidade aceitável.

The intention of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 is to inform and to provide guidance to some public policies. This Working Paper points out some shortcomings of the Study, both as to method and as to usefulness for national policies, by means of a critique of the formation of the weights that compose the indicators. The people who issued judgments on the health states do not represent the populations of their countries; moreover, one cannot know what kind of social and ethnic strata, ages, professions and occupations, or levels of education, they may represent. Also, the data of the Study are not suitable for comparing the progress of the policies of a country in time, because the weights embedded in the indicators lack acceptable quality.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  6 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-832058
Autor: Ollila, Eeva.
Título: Global health priorities: priorities of the wealthy?
Fonte: Global. Health;1(6), 2005.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Health has gained importance on the global agenda. It has become recognized in forums where it was once not addressed. In this article three issues are considered: global health policy actors, global health priorities and the means of addressing the identified health priorities. I argue that the arenas for global health policy-making have shifted from the public spheres towards arenas that include the transnational for-profit sector. Global health policy has become increasingly fragmented and verticalized. Infectious diseases have gained ground as global health priorities, while non-communicable diseases and the broader issues of health systems development have been neglected. Approaches to tackling the health problems are increasingly influenced by trade and industrial interests with the emphasis on technological solutions.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  7 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Id: BIBLIO-832041
Autor: Magnusson, Roger S(aut).
Título: Non-communicable diseases and global health governance: enhancing global processes to improve health development
Fonte: Global Health;3(2), may. 2007.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: This paper assesses progress in the development of a global framework for responding to non-communicable diseases, as reflected in the policies and initiatives of the World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank and the UN: the institutions most capable of shaping a coherent global policy. Responding to the global burden of chronic disease requires a strategic assessment of the global processes that are likely to be most effective in generating commitment to policy change at country level, and in influencing industry behaviour. WHO has adopted a legal process with tobacco (the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control), but a non-legal, advocacy-based approach with diet and physical activity (the Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health). The paper assesses the merits of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the FCTC as distinct global processes for advancing health development, before considering what lessons might be learned for enhancing the implementation of the Global Strategy on Diet. While global partnerships, economic incentives, and international legal instruments could each contribute to a more effective global response to chronic diseases, the paper makes a special case for the development of international legal standards in select areas of diet and nutrition, as a strategy for ensuring that the health of future generations does not become dependent on corporate charity and voluntary commitments. A broader frame of reference for lifestyle-related chronic diseases is needed: one that draws together WHO's work in tobacco, nutrition and physical activity, and that envisages selective use of international legal obligations, non-binding recommendations, advocacy and policy advice as tools of choice for promoting different elements of the strategy.
Responsável: BR2260 - NETHIS - Núcleo de Estudos sobre Bioética e Diplomacia em Saúde


  8 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-831732
Autor: Distrito Federal. Secretaria de Estado de Saúde. Comissão Permanente de Protocolos de Atenção à Saúde.
Título: Protocolo de Atenção à Saúde: saúde de adolescentes do Distrito Federal / Protocol of Attention to Health: health of adolescents of the Federal District.
Fonte: Brasília, DF; Distrito Federal. (Brasil). Secretaria de Estado de Saúde. Comissão Permanente de Protocolos de Atenção à Saúde; 6 dez. 2016.
Idioma: pt.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


  9 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-831272
Autor: Soares, Robson Fernandes; Clemente, Ademir; Freire, Fátima de Souza; Scarpin, Jorge Eduardo.
Título: Centralidade municipal e interação estratégica na decisão de gastos públicos em saúde / Municipal centrality and strategic interaction in deciding on public healthcare spending
Fonte: Rev. adm. pública;50(4):563-585, jul-ago. 2016. tab.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: Este artigo examina a influência que os municípios catarinenses exercem uns sobre outros nas decisões de gasto com saúde no ano de 2010. Partindo da teoria dos lugares centrais, tem-se como ponto focal a ideia de que há relações verticais entre municípios centrais e periféricos, principalmente em relação aos serviços mais específicos, como os hospitalares. Argumenta-se que esse tipo de interação vertical ocorre simultaneamente com a interação horizontal e que, quando a primeira é desconsiderada, pode mascarar esta última. Foi utilizado um modelo espacial autorregressivo para testar tal hipótese. Os resultados empíricos dão suporte a essa ideia, mostrando que municípios centrais apresentam maiores custos na subfunção hospitalar. Há também evidências de que, quando se considera a centralidade no modelo, o coeficiente de dependência espacial horizontal torna-se mais pronunciado.

This article examines the influence that the municipalities of the state of Santa Catarina exerted on each other in deciding how much to spend on healthcare, in 2010. Using central place theory as a starting point, this paper focuses on the idea that there existed certain vertical relationships between central and peripheral municipalities, especially in more specific services such as those provided by hospitals. We argue that this type of vertical interaction occurs simultaneously with horizontal interaction and that, when the former is not considered, the latter may end up being concealed. We used a spatial self-regression model to test this hypothesis. The empirical results of the test support this idea, showing that the central municipalities have higher costs in terms of their sub-function of hospital services. We also found evidence that when the model takes centrality into account, then the horizontal spatial dependency coefficient becomes more pronounced.

Este artículo examina cómo los municipios de Santa Catarina se influyen entre sí en las decisiones degasto en salud, con base en el año 2010. Sobre la base de la teoría de los lugares centrales ha sido unpunto focal para el análisis de la idea de que existe una relación vertical entre el centro y municipiosperiféricos, especialmente en relación con los servicios más específicos como los servicios hospitalarios.Se argumenta que este tipo de interacción vertical, se produce simultáneamente con la interacciónhorizontal, y cuando omiso puede ocultar esto. Se utilizó un modelo autorregresivo espacial paraprobar esta hipótesis. Los resultados empíricos apoyan esta idea, mostrando que los municipios centralestienen incluso mayores costos en los servicios hospitalarios. La evidencia también muestra que,al considerar esta centralidad en la relación horizontal la dependencia especial es más pronunciada.
Responsável: BR67.1 - CIR - Biblioteca - Centro de Informação e Referência


  10 / 1084 LILACS  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
Id: BIBLIO-831200
Autor: Santos, Isabela Soares.
Título: A solução para o SUS não é um Brazilcare / The solution to SUS is not a Brazilcare / La solución para el SUS no es uno Brazilcare
Fonte: RECIIS (Online);10(3):1-10, jul.-set. 2016.
Idioma: pt.
Resumo: O Sistema Único de Saúde brasileiro implantado não recebeu todos os investimentos necessários para alcançar a magnitude prevista desde sua concepção e estabelecida na Constituição Federal de 1988. No mesmo período, o setor privado de saúde brasileiro vem recebendo cada vez mais investimentos por meio das políticas públicas do Estado. A crise econômica e os problemas pelos quais o SUS passa nos dias atuais são usados por determinados atores para justificar uma suposta necessidade de diminuir não só a pressão por financiamento, mas também a demanda de serviços públicos, e apresentar como solução a diminuição do SUS concomitante à expansão do número de pessoas com planos privados de saúde nos moldes da reforma do sistema de saúde norte-americano conhecida como Obamacare. Este artigo apresenta a falácia desse raciocínio com evidências científicas e argumentos que mostram que um maior investimento no SUS é fundamental para o desenvolvimento econômico e social do país.

The Brazilian Sistema Único de Saúde (Unified Health System) in operation has not received all the investments needed to achieve the expected magnitude since its conception and established by Federal Constitution of 1988. In the same period, the health private sector in Brazil has received more and more investments through governmental public policies. The economic crisis and the problems faced by SUS today are used by some actors to justify a pretense necessity of reducing not only the pressure to finance but also the demand for public services, and to present as a solution to such problems a reduction of SUS concomitant with the expansion of people benefiting from private health insurance like those created with reform of the North American health care system known as Obamacare. This article shows the fallacy of reasoning in question through scientific evidences and arguments demonstrating that a greater investmentin SUS is fundamental to economic and social development of Brazil.

El Sistema Único de Salud brasileño implementado no recibió todas las inversiones necesarias para alcanzarla magnitud esperada desde su concepción y establecida en la Constitución Federal de 1988. En el mismo período, el sector privado de salud brasileño ha recibido cada vez más inversiones por el medio de las políticas públicas del Estado. La crisis económica y los problemas por los cuales el SUS ha pasado en los días actuales son utilizados por determinados actores para justificar una supuesta necesidad de reducir no sólo la presión de financiación, sino también la demanda de servicios públicos, y presentar como solución la disminución del SUS concomitantemente a la expansión del número de personas con planes privados de salud en los moldes de la reforma del sistema de salud norteamericano, conocida como Obamacare. Esto artículo presenta la falacia de ese raciocinio con evidencias científicas y argumentos que muestran que una mayor inversión en el SUS es esencial para el desarrollo económico y social del país.
Responsável: BR526.1 - Biblioteca de Saúde Pública



página 1 de 109 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde