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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
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Id: lil-571376
Autor: Andreazza, R; Pieniz, S; Okeke, B. C; Camargo, F. A. O.
Título: Evaluation of copper resistant bacteria from vineyard soils and mining waste for copper biosorption
Fonte: Braz. j. microbiol;42(1):66-74, Jan.-Mar. 2011. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Vineyard soils are frequently polluted with high concentrations of copper due application of copper sulfate in order to control fungal diseases. Bioremediation is an efficient process for the treatment of contaminated sites. Efficient copper sorption bacteria can be used for bioremoval of copper from contaminated sites. In this study, a total of 106 copper resistant bacteria were examined for resistance to copper toxicity and biosorption of copper. Eighty isolates (45 from vineyard Mollisol, 35 from Inceptisol) were obtained from EMBRAPA (Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária) experimental station, Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil (29º09'53.92''S and 51º31'39.40''W) and 26 were obtained from copper mining waste from Caçapava do Sul, RS, Brazil (30º29'43.48''S and 53'32'37.87W). Based on resistance to copper toxicity and biosorption, 15 isolates were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Maximal copper resistance and biosorption at high copper concentration were observed with isolate N2 which removed 80 mg L-1 in 24 h. Contrarily isolate N11 (Bacillus pumilus) displayed the highest specific copper biosorption (121.82 mg/L/OD unit in 24 h). GenBank MEGABLAST analysis revealed that isolate N2 is 99 percent similar to Staphylococcus pasteuri. Results indicate that several of our isolates have potential use for bioremediation treatment of vineyards soils and mining waste contaminated with high copper concentration.
Responsável: BR32.1 - Serviço de Biblioteca e Informação Biomédica

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Texto completo SciELO Chile
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Id: lil-522156
Autor: Yang, Yu; Shi, Wuyang; Wan, Minxi; Zhang, Yanfei; Zou, Lihong; Huang, Jufang; Qiu, Guanzhou; Liu, Xueduan.
Título: Diversity of bacterial communities in acid mine drainage from the Shen-bu copper mine, Gansu province, China
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;11(1):1-12, Jan. 2008. ilus, graf, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Chinese Science Foundation for Distinguished Group of P.R.China; . National Basic Research Program (973 Program) of P.R.China.
Resumo: This study presents bacterial population analyses of microbial communities inhabiting three sites of acid mine drainage (AMD) in the Shen-bu copper mine, Gansu Province, China. These sites were located next to acid-leached chalcopyrite slagheaps that had been abandoned since 1995. The pH values of these samples with high concentrations of metals ranged from 2.0 to 3.5. Amplified ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) was used to characterize the bacterial population by amplifying the 16S rRNA gene of microorganisms. A total of 39 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained from the three samples and sequenced from 384 clones. Sequence data and phylogenetic analyses showed that two dominant clones (JYC-1B, JYC-1D) in sample JYC-1 represented 69.5 percent of the total clones affiliated with Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (gamma-Proteobacteria), and the most dominant clones of JYC-2 and JYC-3 were affiliated with Caulobacter crescentus (alpha-Protebacteria). At the level of bacterial divisions, differences in the relative incidence of particular phylogenetic groups among the three samples and discrepancies in physicochemical characteristics suggested that the physico-chemical characteristics had an influence on phylogenetic diversity. Furthermore, the relationships between the discrepancies of physicochemical characteristics and the diversity of the bacteria communities in the three samples suggested that the biogeochemical properties, pH and concentration of soluble metal, could be key factors in controlling the structure of the bacterial population.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central

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