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Id: biblio-1021043
Autor: Mei, Zhiqiang; Zhang, Xianqin; Khan, Md. Asaduzzaman; Imani, Saber; Liu, Xiaoyan; Zou, Hui; Wei, Chunli; Fu, Junjiang.
Título: Genetic analysis of Penthorum chinense Pursh by improved RAPD and ISSR in China
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;30:6-11, nov. 2017. ilus, tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of China; . Research Foundation of the Science and Technology Department of Sichuan Province Joint Program of the Science & Technology Office; . of Luzhou and the Science & Technology Department of Sichuan.
Resumo: Background: Penthorum chinense Pursh (P. chinense) is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plant, which has long been used for the prevention and treatment of hepatic diseases. This study aimed to genetically characterize the varieties of P. chinense from different geographic localities of China by random amplification of polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR technique and verified with inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Results: The P. chinense samples were collected from nine different geographic localities. Previously improved RAPD and ISSR markers were utilized for genetic analysis using DNA amplification. The genetic relationship dendrogram was obtained by conducting cluster analysis to the similarity coefficient of improved RAPD and ISSR markers. Improved RAPD yielded 185 scorable amplified products, of which 68.6% of the bands were polymorphic, with an average amplification of 9.25 bands per primer. The ISSR markers revealed 156 alleles with 7.8 bands per primers, where 59.7% bands were polymorphic. Furthermore, the similarity coefficient ranges of RAPD and ISSR markers were 0.71­0.91 and 0.66­0.89, respectively. Conclusions: This study indicated that improved RAPD and ISSR methods are useful tools for evaluating the genetic diversity and characterizing P. chinense. Our findings can provide the theoretical basis for cultivar identification, standardization, and molecular-assisted breeding of P. chinense for medicinal use.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: biblio-1009005
Autor: Shen, Zhan; Zhang, Kaiquan; Ma, Luyi; Duan, Jie; Ao, Yan.
Título: Analysis of the genetic relationships and diversity among 11 populations of Xanthoceras sorbifolia using phenotypic and microsatellite marker data
Fonte: Electron. j. biotechnol;26:33-39, Mar. 2017. ilus, tab, graf.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: International S&T Cooperation Program of China.
Resumo: Background: Assessments of genetic diversity are essential for germplasm characterization and exploitation. Molecular markers are valuable tools for exploring genetic variation and identifying germplasm. They play key roles in a Xanthoceras sorbifolia breeding program. Results: We analyzed the genetic diversity of populations of this species using 23 simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci and data on kernel oil content. The 11 populations included in the study were distributed across a large geographic range in China. The kernel oil content differed significantly among populations. The SSR marker analysis detected high genetic diversity among the populations. All SSRs were polymorphic, and we identified 80 alleles across the populations. The number of alleles at each locus ranged from two to six, averaging 3.48 per primer pair. The polymorphism information content values ranged from 0.35 to 0.70, averaging 0.51. Expected heterozygosity, observed heterozygosity, and Shannon's information index calculations detected large genetic variations among populations of different provenance. The high average number of alleles per locus and the allelic diversity observed in the set of genotypes analyzed indicated that the genetic base of this species was relatively wide. The statistically significant positive correlation between genetic and geographic distances suggested adaptations to local conditions. Conclusions: Microsatellite markers can be used to efficiently distinguish X. sorbifolia populations and assess their genetic diversity. The information we have provided will contribute to the conservation and management of this important plant genetic resource.
Responsável: CL1.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-701853
Autor: Rodríguez Chala, Hilda; Marrero Hernández, Miralys; Solar Carballo, Odalys; Pazos Rodríguez, Alfredo.
Título: Enfermedades bucales en estudiantes chinos / Oral diseases in Chinese students
Fonte: Rev. cuba. estomatol;50(3):276-283, jul.-sep. 2013.
Idioma: es.
Resumo: Desde hace algunos años se observa en nuestras universidades de ciencias médicas estudiantes chinos de forma masiva, evento sin precedentes en nuestro país. Para el dominio de todo lo referente a su salud bucal y al proceso salud-enfermedad de los mismos. Objetivo: identificar las principales enfermedades bucales en estudiantes chinos para que de esta forma se logre una calidad en la atención de los mismos. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal. Se tomó una muestra de 185 estudiantes chinos. Se le realizó un examen bucal y facial y una entrevista para obtener las variables de interés en la investigación. Resultados: las gingivitis y las maloclusiones fueron las enfermedades bucales más prevalecientes; la caries dental fue la que menos se manifestó. Tanto el sexo masculino como el femenino prevalecieron como enfermos y el origen social rural aportó los únicos pacientes discapacitados deficientes. Conclusiones: la higiene bucal es el factor de riesgo más relacionado con las Gingivitis y Caries Dental, así como el origen social rural determinó una peor condición epidemiológica(AU)

Recently, Chinese students are being massively received in our medical universities. This is an unprecedented event in our country. For mastering everything about their oral health and their health-disease process, a stomatologic study was conducted on them. Objective: to identify the main oral diseases in these subjects to provide quality health care for them. Methods: a descriptive study was conducted, taking a sample of 185 Chinese students. They had oral and facial examination and an interview for this investigation variables was applied. Results: gingivitis and malocclusions were the most prevalent oral diseases, dental caries manifested the least. Both male and female subjects prevailed as patients. Rural social background provided the only poor disabled patients. Conclusions: oral hygiene is the risk factor most related to gingivitis y dental caries. The rural social origin determined a worse epidemiological condition(AU)
Responsável: CU1.1 - Biblioteca Médica Nacional


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Id: biblio-1019343
Autor: SHISHENG, HAO; LING, XIAO; HUILING, WANG; ZHONGCHUN, LIU; CAI, NAN; GAOHUA, WANG.
Título: Mental health resources and awareness of anxiety and depressive disorders in general hospitals in China
Fonte: Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) = Rev. psiquiatr. clín. (São Paulo) = Psiquiatria clínica;46(4):107-112, July-Aug. 2019. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: Ministry of Science and Technology of China; . National Natural Science Foundation of China.
Resumo: Abstract Background Mental health disorders are common in China. There is a lack of knowledge and resources of mental health in China. Objectives To assess the levels of psychiatric resources and services in general hospitals in China. Methods Data regarding psychiatric departments, wards and staff were collected from 57 general hospitals in four provinces of China (Hubei, Zhejiang, Heilongjiang and Yunnan) between April 2014 and June 2014. Questionnaires were distributed to 1,200 non-psychiatric clinicians. Results Among the 57 hospitals, 50 provided mental health services, 36 had mental health wards, and seven had neither mental health clinics nor wards. The median number of mental health clinicians was six per hospital. The median number of specialized nurses was 42 per hospital. A total of 1,152 non-psychiatric clinicians with a career duration of 9.4 ± 8.9 years returned completed questionnaires. Only 6.9% reported a good understanding of the manifestation of anxiety and depressive disorders, 4.5% reported a good understanding of the diagnostic criteria, and 3.8% reported a good understanding of the treatment protocols. Discussion There is inadequate awareness of anxiety and depressive disorders among non-psychiatric clinicians in general hospitals in China. This awareness/understanding increased with increasing hospital level.
Responsável: BR66.1 - Divisão de Biblioteca e Documentação


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Id: biblio-968926
Autor: Yang, Fei; Zhang, Aihong; Li, Xiwang; Huo, Liangzhan; Di, Dianping; Miao, Hongqin.
Título: Occurrence and alternation of cytorhabdoviruses on wheat in northern China / Ocorrência e alternância de cytorhabdovirus em trigo no norte da China
Fonte: Biosci. j. (Online);34(6):1472-1476, nov./dec. 2018.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: Northern cereal mosaic cytorhabdovirus (NCMV) and Barley yellow striate mosaic cytorhabdovirus (BYSMV) are two of the most important viral pathogens of wheat. Northern China is the main wheatproducing region in the country. Wheat growing regions pertaining to four provinces, located in northern China, were surveyed for occurrence of NCMV and BYSMV during the growing seasons of the years 2010 and 2016. Wheat leaf samples were collected randomly from symptomatic plants displaying stunting, chlorotic stripes or mosaic. Roughly 73 samples were collected in the year 2010 from 13 fields, and 154 samples were collected in 2016 from 41 fields. Samples were tested for the presence of NCMV or BYSMV using multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (mRTPCR). The results suggested that BYSMV (49.32% in 2010, 82.47% in 2016) is gradually replacing NCMV (87.67% in 2010, 13.64% in 2016) and becoming the main cytorhabdovirus in different wheat growing regions in northern China.

O cytorhabdovirus do mosaico do cereal do norte (NCMV) e o cytorhabdovirus do mosaico estriado amarelo da cevada (BYSMV) são dois dos mais importantes patógenos virais do trigo. O norte da China é a principal região produtora de trigo do país. As regiões produtoras de trigo pertencentes a quatro províncias do norte da China foram pesquisadas quanto à ocorrência de NCMV e BYSMV durante as safras dos anos de 2010 e 2016. Amostras de folhas de trigo foram coletadas aleatoriamente de plantas sintomáticas, exibindo listras ou mosaico clorótico com baixo crescimento. Cerca de 73 amostras foram coletadas no ano de 2010 a partir de 13 campos, e 154 amostras foram coletadas em 2016 de 41 campos. As amostras foram testadas quanto à presença de NCMV ou BYSMV usando reação em cadeia da polimerase de transcrição reversa multiplex (mRT-PCR). Os resultados sugerem que o BYSMV (49,32% em 2010, 82,47% em 2016) está gradualmente substituindo o NCMV (87,67% em 2010, 13,64% em 2016) e se tornando o principal cytorhabdovirus em diferentes regiões produtoras de trigo no norte da China.
Responsável: BR396.1 - Biblioteca Central


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Id: lil-714844
Autor: Xie, Jian-fei; Ding, Si-qing; Zhong, Zhu-qing; Yi, Qi-feng; Zeng, Sai-nan; Hu, Jun-hua; Zhou, Jian-da.
Título: Mental health is the most important factor influencing quality of life in elderly left behind when families migrate out of rural China / A saúde mental é o fator mais importante que influencia a qualidade de vida de idosos deixados para trás quando as famílias emigram da China rural / La salud mental es el factor más importante que influye en la calidad de vida en los adultos mayores que se quedan cuando las familias emigran fuera de las zonas rurales de China
Fonte: Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online);22(3):364-370, May-Jun/2014. tab.
Idioma: en.
Projeto: National Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Provice.
Resumo: OBJECTIVES: to investigate the quality of life and the associated factors on left behind elderly in rural China. METHOD: the research was conducted cluster sampling to select 456 elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China to participate in a cross-sectional study by completing a general data questionnaire and Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULTS: 91.5% of the elderly requested psychological counseling and education. For the elderly, scores for mental health (39.56±13.73) were significantly lower compared with Chinese standard data (61.6±13.7) (P<0.001). Age, chronic disease type, gender, residence pattern and economic support from children were the main psychological factors influencing this population. CONCLUSION: mental health is the most important factor influencing quality of life of elderly left behind when family members migrated out of rural China. Our study suggested a need to widely establish a general practitioner team for psychological intervention for improving rural elderly people's Quality of Life level, especially in the psychological domain. .

OBJETIVOS: investigar a qualidade de vida e fatores associados de idosos deixados para trás na China rural. MÉTODO: foi realizada amostragem por conglomerado para selecionar 456 idosos deixados para trás quando os membros da família emigram da China rural. Este é um estudo transversal com preenchimento de um questionário de dados gerais e de qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: 91,5% dos idosos convidados solicitaram aconselhamento e educação psicológicos. Para os idosos, os escores de saúde mental (39,56±13,73) foram significativamente menores em comparação aos dados padrões chineses (61,6±13,7) (p<0,001). A idade, tipo de doença crônica, gênero, tipo de moradia e suporte econômico dos filhos foram os principais fatores psicológicos que influenciaram essa população. CONCLUSÃO: a saúde mental é o fator mais importante que influencia a qualidade de vida de idosos deixados para trás quando os familiares emigraram da China rural. Este estudo sugere a necessidade de criação de ampla equipe de generalistas para intervenção psicológica, com o intuito de melhorar o nível de qualidade de vida de idosos de áreas rurais, especialmente no domínio psicológico. .

OBJETIVOS: investigar la calidad de vida y los factores asociados a los adultos mayores que se quedan en las zonas rurales de China. MÉTODO: la investigación se realizó por medio de muestreo por conglomerados para seleccionar 456 adultos mayores que se quedaron cuando los miembros de la familia emigraron de zonas rurales de China, para participar en un estudio de corte transversal, completando un cuestionario de datos generales y cuestionario de calidad de vida. RESULTADOS: el 91.5% de los adultos mayores solicitó asistencia psicológica y educación. Para los adultos mayores, las puntuaciones de salud mental (39.56±13.73) fueron significativamente más bajos en comparación con los datos estándar de China (61.6±13.7) (p<0.001). La edad, el tipo de enfermedad crónica, el género, el patrón de residencia y el apoyo económico de los hijos fueron los principales factores psicológicos que influencian esta población. CONCLUSIÓN: la salud mental es el factor más importante que influye la calidad de vida de los adultos mayores que se quedan cuando los miembros de la familia emigran de las zonas rurales de China. Nuestro estudio sugiere la necesidad de establecer ampliamente un equipo médico general para la intervención psicológica para mejorar el nivel de la Calidad de Vida de la población rural de edad avanzada, sobre todo en el dominio psicológico. .
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: biblio-845288
Autor: Chan, Wai Yee; Fung, Ita M; Chan, Eric.
Título: Universal Health Coverage through Community Nursing Services: China vs. Hong Kong / Cobertura Universal de Saúde através dos serviços de enfermagem comunitários: China vs. Hong Kong / Cobertura Universal de Salud a través de Servicios Comunitarios de Enfermería: China versus Hong Kong
Fonte: Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online);25:e2838, 2017.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: ABSTRACT Objective: this article looks at how the development of community nursing services in China and Hong Kong can enhance universal health coverage. Methods: literature and data review have been utilized in this study. Results: nursing services have evolved much since the beginning of the nursing profession. The development of community nursing services has expanded the scope of nursing services to those in need of, not just hospital-level nursing care, but more holistic care to improve health and quality of life. Conclusion: despite the one-country-two-systems governance and the difference in population and geography, Hong Kong and China both face the aging population and its complications. Community nursing services help to pave the road to Universal Health Coverage.

RESUMO Objetivo: este artigo analisa a forma como o desenvolvimento de serviços de enfermagem comunitários na China e Hong Kong pode melhorar a cobertura universal de saúde. Métodos: literatura e revisão de dados foram utilizados neste estudo. Resultados: serviços de enfermagem têm evoluído muito desde o início da profissão de enfermagem. O desenvolvimento dos serviços de enfermagem da comunidade ampliou o escopo dos serviços de enfermagem, para aqueles que precisam não apenas de cuidados de enfermagem de nível de hospital, mas cuidados mais holísticos para melhorar a saúde e qualidade de vida. Conclusão: apesar de ser “um-país-dois-sistemas” de governo, e as diferenças de população e geografia, Hong Kong e China enfrentam o envelhecimento da população e suas complicações. Os serviços de enfermagem da comunidade ajudam a pavimentar o caminho para a cobertura de saúde universal.

RESUMEN Objetivo: este artículo analiza cómo el desarrollo de los servicios de enfermería comunitaria en China y Hong Kong pueden expandir la cobertura universal de salud. Métodos: revisión de datos y literatura han sido utilizados en este estudio. Resultados: los servicios de enfermería han evolucionado mucho desde el comienzo de la profesión. El desarrollo de los servicios de enfermería comunitaria han ampliado el alcance de los servicios de enfermería a las personas que necesitan, no sólo en cuidados de enfermería en el hospital, sino también en una atención más integral para mejorar la salud y calidad de vida. Conclusión: a pesar del tipo de gobierno “un país, dos sistemas” y las diferencias de población y geografía, Hong Kong y China se enfrentan al envejecimiento de la población y sus complicaciones. Los servicios de enfermería comunitaria ayudan a allanar el camino hacia la cobertura universal de salud.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623926
Autor: Fan, Zide; Chen, Zhizi; Ma, Shaoyuan.
Título: Lopesohylemya, a new genus of Anthomyiidae (Diptera) from Qinghai, China
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;84(supl.4):567-568, 1989. ilus.
Idioma: en.
Resumo: An anthomyiid new genus Lopesohylemya with its type species L. qinghaiensis sp. n. from Qinghai, China, is described and figured. It is closely related to Eustalomyia histrio group, which is transferred to present new genus from Eustalomyia, it is suggested by the authors.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623933
Autor: Yang, Sheng-Li.
Título: Current status of biotechnology in China
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):17-19, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: There has been increasing interest over past decade in exploring the possibility of using new biotechinology to produce new products and to improve the old productive process. The researches and applications of genetic engineering, cell fusion, mutagenesis, cell and enzyme immobilization in enzyme, antibiotic, vitamine, steroid, amino acid, organic acid, solvent, food and brewage industries is reviewed.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME


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Id: lil-623932
Autor: Matos, F. J. A; Machado, M. I. L; Alencar, J. W; Matos, M. E. O; Craveiro, A. A.
Título: Plants used in traditional medicine of China and Brazil
Fonte: Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz;86(supl.2):13-16, 1991.
Idioma: en.
Conferência: Apresentado em: Brazilian-Sino Symposium on Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products, Rio de Janeiro, Dec. 10-14, 1989.
Resumo: Eventhough the rationale behind the use of medicinal plantes in Brazil and Chine is different, twenty four species are used in both countries. Scientific name, vulgar name and uses in both countries along with their chemical constituents are listed.
Responsável: BR1.1 - BIREME



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