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  1 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29389995
Autor:Dalinjong PA; Wang AY; Homer CSE
Dirección:Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Título:Has the free maternal health policy eliminated out of pocket payments for maternal health services? Views of women, health providers and insurance managers in Northern Ghana.
Fuente:PLoS One; 13(2):e0184830, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:INTRODUCTION: The free maternal health policy was implemented in Ghana in 2008 under the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). The policy sought to eliminate out of pocket (OOP) payments and enhance the utilisation of maternal health services. It is unclear whether the policy had altered OOP payments for services. The study explored views on costs and actual OOP payments during pregnancy. The source of funding for payments was also explored. METHODS: A convergent parallel mixed methods design, involving quantitative and qualitative data collection approaches. The study was set in the Kassena-Nankana municipality, a rural area in Ghana. Women (n = 406) who utilised services during pregnancy were surveyed. Also, 10 focus groups discussions (FGDs) were held with women who used services during pregnancy as well as 28 in-depth interviews (IDIs) with midwives/nurses (n = 25) and insurance managers/directors (n = 3). The survey was analysed using descriptive statistics, focussing on costs from the women's perspective. Qualitative data were audio recorded, transcribed and translated verbatim into English where necessary. The transcripts were read and coded into themes and sub-themes. RESULTS: The NHIS did not cover all expenses in relation to maternal health services. The overall mean for OOP cost during pregnancy was GH¢17.50 (US$8.60). Both FGDs and IDIs showed that women especially paid for drugs and ultrasound scan services. Sixty-five percent of the women used savings, whilst twenty-two percent sold assets to meet the OOP cost. Some women were unable to afford payments due to poverty and had to forgo treatment. Participants called for payments to be eliminated and for the NHIS to absorb the cost of emergency referrals. All participants admitted the benefits of the policy. CONCLUSION: Women needed to make payments despite the policy. Measures should be put in place to eliminate payments to enable all women to receive services and promote universal health coverage.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Nombre de substancia:0 (Antimalarials)


  2 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29440597
Autor:Clark K
Título:Generational divide?
Fuente:Vet Rec; 182(6):153, 2018 02 10.
ISSN:2042-7670
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:EDITORIAL


  3 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28470158
Autor:Do ES; Choi E
Dirección:Department of Nursing, College of Deagu Health, Daegu, Korea.
Título:[Structural Equation Modeling on Smoking Cessation Intention in Male Technical High School Students].
Fuente:J Korean Acad Nurs; 47(2):211-221, 2017 Apr.
ISSN:2093-758X
País de publicación:Korea (South)
Idioma:kor
Resumen:PURPOSE: This study was done to develop and test a structural model on smoking cessation intention in technical high school men. The conceptual model was based on the theory of reasoned action and health promotion model. METHODS: From May 29 to April 13, 2015, 413 technical high school students who smoked completed a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed to calculate the direct and indirect effects of factors affecting smoking cessation intention. The SPSS WIN 20.0 and AMOS 21.0 programs were used. RESULTS: The hypothetical model was a good fit for the data. The model fit indices were χ²/df=2.36, GFI=.95, AGFI=.92, NFI=0.97, and RMSEA=.05. Self-esteem had direct and indirect effects on smoking cessation intention. Attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy had direct effects on smoking cessation intention. Smoking knowledge and environmental factor had indirect effects on smoking cessation intention. This model explained 87.0% of the variance in smoking cessation intention. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that technical high school students' intention to stop smoking can be improved through an increase in self-esteem, negative environmental factors, attitude toward smoking cessation, subjective norm about smoking cessation, and self-efficacy for smoking cessation.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28357932
Autor:Hilland TA; Brown TD; Fairclough SJ
Dirección:a College of Sport and Exercise Science, Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL) , Victoria University , Footscray Park , Australia.
Título:The physical education predisposition scale: Preliminary tests of reliability and validity in Australian students.
Fuente:J Sports Sci; 36(4):384-392, 2018 Feb.
ISSN:1466-447X
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Resumen:The main aim of this study was to psychometrically test the Physical Education Predisposition Scale (PEPS) with a cohort of Australian students, to assess secondary school students' perceived PE ability and PE worth. Secondary aims were to explore how the two variables were related and to investigate age and gender differences. Altogether, 266 Year 7, 8, 9 and 10 students (aged 12-16 years), from four schools within the South Eastern region of Melbourne, completed the PEPS at both time points. Principal components analysis revealed the presence of a simple two-factor structure explaining 66.9% of the variance. Factor 1 (labelled perceived PE worth) reflected enjoyment and attitude (α = .91), and factor 2 (labelled perceived PE ability) represented perceptions of competence and self-efficacy (α = .92). Significant positive correlations were observed between the two factors (r = .50-.82, P < .001). Boys scored significantly higher than girls on perceived PE ability (P = .01), and year 7 students scored significantly higher compared to Year 9 students (P = .002). Our results support the potential of the PEPS as a concise measurement tool for use in the PE setting, for both teachers and researchers.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES


  5 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29437321
Título:Millennials Most Enthusiastic About Telemedicine.
Fuente:J AHIMA; 87(11):76, 2016 Nov-Dec.
ISSN:1060-5487
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  6 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29373590
Autor:Lopez-Guzman S; Konova AB; Louie K; Glimcher PW
Dirección:Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, United States of America.
Título:Risk preferences impose a hidden distortion on measures of choice impulsivity.
Fuente:PLoS One; 13(1):e0191357, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:Measuring temporal discounting through the use of intertemporal choice tasks is now the gold standard method for quantifying human choice impulsivity (impatience) in neuroscience, psychology, behavioral economics, public health and computational psychiatry. A recent area of growing interest is individual differences in discounting levels, as these may predispose to (or protect from) mental health disorders, addictive behaviors, and other diseases. At the same time, more and more studies have been dedicated to the quantification of individual attitudes towards risk, which have been measured in many clinical and non-clinical populations using closely related techniques. Economists have pointed to interactions between measurements of time preferences and risk preferences that may distort estimations of the discount rate. However, although becoming standard practice in economics, discount rates and risk preferences are rarely measured simultaneously in the same subjects in other fields, and the magnitude of the imposed distortion is unknown in the assessment of individual differences. Here, we show that standard models of temporal discounting -such as a hyperbolic discounting model widely present in the literature which fails to account for risk attitudes in the estimation of discount rates- result in a large and systematic pattern of bias in estimated discounting parameters. This can lead to the spurious attribution of differences in impulsivity between individuals when in fact differences in risk attitudes account for observed behavioral differences. We advance a model which, when applied to standard choice tasks typically used in psychology and neuroscience, provides both a better fit to the data and successfully de-correlates risk and impulsivity parameters. This results in measures that are more accurate and thus of greater utility to the many fields interested in individual differences in impulsivity.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  7 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29351345
Autor:Everaert T; Spruyt A; De Houwer J
Dirección:Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Título:To IMPRES or to EXPRES? Exploiting comparative judgments to measure and visualize implicit and explicit preferences.
Fuente:PLoS One; 13(1):e0191302, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:We introduce an adaptation of the affect misattribution procedure (AMP), called the implicit preference scale (IMPRES). Participants who complete the IMPRES indicate their preference for one of two, simultaneously presented Chinese ideographs. Each ideograph is preceded by a briefly presented prime stimulus that is irrelevant to the task. Participants are hypothesized to prefer the ideograph that is preceded by the prime they prefer. In the present research, the IMPRES was designed to capture racial attitudes (preferences for white versus black faces) and age-related attitudes (preferences for young versus old faces). Results suggest that (a) the reliability of the IMPRES is similar (or even better) than the reliability of the AMP and (b) that the IMPRES and the AMP correlate significantly. However, neither the AMP nor the IMPRES were found to predict attitude-related outcome behavior (i.e., the preparedness to donate money to a charity benefiting ethnic minorities vs. the elderly). Further research is thus necessary to establish the validity of the IMPRES. Finally, we demonstrated that, unlike the AMP, the IMPRES allows for an in-depth assessment of unanticipated response patterns and/or extreme observations using multidimensional scaling algorithms.
Tipo de publicación:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  8 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29440608
Autor:Bower C
Dirección:The Veterinary Hospital Group, Colwill Road, Estover, Plymouth PL6 8RP.
Título:First-opinion practice and shortage of vets.
Fuente:Vet Rec; 182(6):171, 2018 02 10.
ISSN:2042-7670
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:LETTER; COMMENT


  9 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29419501
Autor:Mackenzie C
Dirección:Albavet, Nicol Street, Kirkcaldy KY1 1NY.
Título:First-opinion practice needs evidence-based policies.
Fuente:Vet Rec; 182(5):143, 2018 02 03.
ISSN:2042-7670
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:LETTER; COMMENT


  10 / 41870 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29185314
Autor:Adams D
Título:Anti-Aging Movement Drives Aesthetic Care.
Fuente:Dent Today; 35(10):6, 2016 Oct.
ISSN:8750-2186
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:EDITORIAL



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