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  1 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28686162
Autor:Rejtô N; Papp G; Molnár J
Dirección:Debreceni Egyetem Pszichologiai Intezet, Debrecen, Hungary, E-mail: mojudit@gmail.com.
Título:[The etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder from the aspects of attachment theory, with special regard to perceived parental treatment, attachment patterns and emotion regulation difficulties].
Fuente:Psychiatr Hung; 32(2):145-157, 2017.
ISSN:0237-7896
País de publicación:Hungary
Idioma:hun
Resumen:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The focus of our study was the etiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder from attachment aspects. Our aim was to examine the representations of perceived parental treatment, attachment patterns and the level of emotion regulation of people who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder. METHOD: 223 people participated in our study. The clinical group consisted of 92 persons with obsessive-compulsive symptoms, while the control group involved 131 people without OC symptoms. In the study we used the Young Parenting Inventory, the Relationship Questionnaire, and the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. Besides we compiled a questionnaire based on the DSM-5 and a demographic questionnaire. Respondents could fill the questionnaires online. RESULTS: The clinical group is characterized by significantly higher toxic frustration of each five basic emotional needs than the control group. Specifically, in the case of people with OC smptoms the toxic parental treatments for Defectiveness/ Shame, Dependence/Incompetence, Enmeshment/Undeveloped self, Entitlement/Grandiosity, Approval-seeking/ Recognition-seeking, Negativity/Pessimism, Emotional inhibition, Unrelenting standards/Hypercriticalness and Punitiveness were significantly more frequent than in the control group. The OC group is also characterized by significantly lower rate of secure attachment style, while dismissive attachment style proved to be the most frequent attachment style among them. The OC group also struggle with significantly higher level of emotion regulation difficulties.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28969722
Autor:Schepers R; Markus CR
Dirección:Department of Neuropsychology & Psychopharmacology, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience,University Maastricht,6229 ER Maastricht,The Netherlands.
Título:The interaction between 5-HTTLPR genotype and ruminative thinking on BMI.
Fuente:Br J Nutr; 118(8):629-637, 2017 Oct.
ISSN:1475-2662
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Resumen:Negative affect or stress is often found to increase energy intake for high palatable energy-rich foods and hence weight gain. Reduced brain serotonin (5-HT) function is known to increase stress vulnerability and the risk for eating-related disturbances. A short (S) allele polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a less efficient functioning brain serotonin system and therefore higher stress vulnerability. It has been suggested that this genotype may be directly linked to an increased risk for weight gain and/or obesity. However, a high amount of variability has been apparent in replicating such a direct gene on weight gain relationship. A most recent suggestion is that this gene by weight relationship might be moderated by an additional (cognitive) vulnerability factor involving repetitive negative thinking (rumination). Our objective was to investigate whether the S-allele of 5-HTTLPR contributes to weight gain particularly in high cognitive ruminating individuals. A total of 827 healthy young male and female college students (aged 21·3 (sd 3·0) years; BMI 16-41·7 kg/m2) were genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and assessed for rumination (Event Related Ruminative Index) and body weight. In line with the hypothesis, a hierarchical regression model showed that higher BMI scores were observed in specifically high ruminating S'-carriers (P=0·031, f²=0·022). These results suggest that cognitive rumination may be a critical moderator of the association between 5-HTTLPR and body mass.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nombre de substancia:0 (SLC6A4 protein, human); 0 (Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins)


  3 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28426010
Autor:Knowlton N
Dirección:Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and co-host of the Earth Optimism Summit in Washington DC.
Título:Doom and gloom won't save the world.
Fuente:Nature; 544(7650):271, 2017 04 18.
ISSN:1476-4687
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28323661
Autor:Zhang X; Zhang J; Procter N; Chen X; Su Y; Lou F; Cao F
Dirección:*School of Nursing, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China; †School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia; ‡Shandong University Center for Suicide Prevention Research, Jinan, Shandong, China; §Department of Sociology, State University of New York College at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; and ∥School of Foreign Languages and Literature, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.
Título:Suicidal Ideation and Psychological Strain Among Patients Diagnosed With Stomach Cancer: The Mediation of Psychopathological Factors.
Fuente:J Nerv Ment Dis; 205(7):550-557, 2017 Jul.
ISSN:1539-736X
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:Patients with stomach cancer are at high risk to experience suicidal ideation. Strain theory of suicide assumes that suicide is preceded by psychological strain. Despite wide international acceptance of the theory, its use with a sample of patients with stomach cancer has not previously been reported. The aims were to examine the relationship between psychological strain and suicidal ideation among patients with stomach cancer and to determine whether psychopathological factors act as mediators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken involving subjects with no history of mental disorder, and questionnaires were administered by face-to-face interview. Patients who experienced more psychological strain, especially coping strain, are more likely to experience suicidal ideation. The mediation effects of hopelessness and psychological distress are significant. Psychological strain, hopelessness, and psychological distress may be the vital factors among patients with stomach cancer in the suicide-risk assessment interview and for care planning and psychological intervention.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27457772
Autor:Yu NX; Chen L; Ye Z; Li X; Lin D
Dirección:a Department of Applied Social Sciences , City University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong , People's Republic of China.
Título:Impacts of making sense of adversity on depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and posttraumatic growth among a sample of mainly newly diagnosed HIV-positive Chinese young homosexual men: the mediating role of resilience.
Fuente:AIDS Care; 29(1):79-85, 2017 Jan.
ISSN:1360-0451
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Resumen:The experience of HIV, as a life-transforming event, might produce both negative and positive outcomes. Guided by the stress appraisal model, the present study investigated the hypothesized pathways in predicting symptomatology and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a sample of Chinese male patients with HIV (PHIV) who were mainly newly diagnosed, young, and homosexual. In this cross-sectional study, 141 Chinese male PHIV (87.2% of them were homosexual) completed measures of making negative/positive sense of adversity, resilience, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and PTG. The path analysis results showed that making negative sense of adversity was associated with depression and PTSD, partially mediated by low levels of resilience, whereas making positive sense of adversity was associated with PTG, partially mediated by resilience. The results suggest that negative and positive outcomes of trauma are impacted by making negative and positive sense of adversity, respectively, via two separate pathways, both mediated by resilience. Our findings contribute to an understanding of the cognitive process of symptomatology and PTG in the HIV context. Theoretical considerations, clinical implications, and future directions are discussed.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  6 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27585982
Autor:Sydenham M; Beardwood J; Rimes KA
Dirección:Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (IoPPN),King's College London,UK.
Título:Beliefs about Emotions, Depression, Anxiety and Fatigue: A Mediational Analysis.
Fuente:Behav Cogn Psychother; 45(1):73-78, 2017 Jan.
ISSN:1469-1833
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:BACKGROUND: Beliefs that it is unacceptable to experience or express negative emotions have been found to be associated with various clinical problems. It is unclear how such beliefs, which could be viewed as a form of unhelpful perfectionism about emotions, may contribute to symptomatology. AIMS: This study investigated two hypotheses: a) greater endorsement of beliefs about the unacceptability of negative emotions will be associated with greater emotional avoidance and lower levels of support-seeking and self-compassion; b) these beliefs about emotions will be associated with higher levels of symptoms of depression, anxiety and fatigue and that this relationship will be mediated by social support-seeking, emotional avoidance and self-compassion. METHOD: Online questionnaires were completed by 451 community participants. Mediational analyses were undertaken to investigate emotional avoidance, social support-seeking and self-compassion as mediators of the relationship between beliefs about emotions and symptoms of depression, anxiety and fatigue. RESULTS: Beliefs about the unacceptability of negative emotions were significantly associated with more emotional avoidance and less self-compassion and support-seeking. The relationships between beliefs about emotions and depression, anxiety and fatigue were significantly mediated by self-compassion and emotional avoidance but not social support-seeking. CONCLUSIONS: Future research should investigate whether interventions that pay particular attention to emotional avoidance and self-compassion, such as mindfulness-based therapy or modified forms of CBT, may be beneficial in reducing distress and fatigue associated with beliefs about the unacceptability of negative emotions.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  7 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:26207868
Autor:Nijsse B; van Heugten CM; van Mierlo ML; Post MW; de Kort PL; Visser-Meily JM
Dirección:a Department of Neurology , St Elisabeth Hospital , Tilburg , The Netherlands.
Título:Psychological factors are associated with subjective cognitive complaints 2 months post-stroke.
Fuente:Neuropsychol Rehabil; 27(1):99-115, 2017 Jan.
ISSN:1464-0694
País de publicación:England
Idioma:eng
Resumen:The aim of this study was to investigate which psychological factors are related to post-stroke subjective cognitive complaints, taking into account the influence of demographic and stroke-related characteristics, cognitive deficits and emotional problems. In this cross-sectional study, 350 patients were assessed at 2 months post-stroke, using the Checklist for Cognitive and Emotional consequences following stroke (CLCE-24) to identify cognitive complaints. Psychological factors were: proactive coping, passive coping, self-efficacy, optimism, pessimism, extraversion, and neuroticism. Associations between CLCE-24 cognition score and psychological factors, emotional problems (depressive symptoms and anxiety), cognitive deficits, and demographic and stroke characteristics were examined using Spearman correlations and multiple regression analyses. Results showed that 2 months post-stroke, 270 patients (68.4%) reported at least one cognitive complaint. Age, sex, presence of recurrent stroke(s), comorbidity, cognitive deficits, depressive symptoms, anxiety, and all psychological factors were significantly associated with the CLCE-24 cognition score in bivariate analyses. Multiple regression analysis showed that psychological factors explained 34.7% of the variance of cognitive complaints independently, and 8.5% (p < .001) after taking all other factors into account. Of all psychological factors, proactive coping was independently associated with cognitive complaints (p < .001), showing that more proactive coping related to less cognitive complaints. Because cognitive complaints are common after stroke and are associated with psychological factors, it is important to focus on these factors in rehabilitation programmes.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27696412
Autor:Winner M; Wilson A; Yahanda A; Kim Y; Pawlik TM
Dirección:Department of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
Título:A cross-sectional study of patient and provider perception of "cure" as a goal of cancer surgery.
Fuente:J Surg Oncol; 114(6):677-683, 2016 Nov.
ISSN:1096-9098
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Patients with advanced cancer often misperceive the purpose and likely effectiveness of cancer treatments. The aim of this study was to characterize patient and provider perceptions in the setting of surgery for potentially curable cancer. METHODS: One hundred and six patient-surgeon dyads were surveyed about their expectations for upcoming surgery. Items scored using a Likert scale were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS: Patients and surgeons reported excellent communication and shared decision-making. Patients more often than surgeons perceived that surgery was "Likely" or "Very Likely" to cure their cancer (86.0% vs. 72.0%, P = 0.011), extend their lives (94.0% vs. 82.0%, P = 0.007), and relieve cancer-related symptoms (65.0% vs. 35.0%, P < 0.001). Patients less often felt that surgery would be associated with complications (33.0% vs. 48.0%, P = 0.016). Over half (53.9%) of patients believed that they were more likely to experience surgical cancer cure compared with someone else with the same diagnosis while 70.8% of surgeons declared a patient's relative chances of surgical cure "the same." CONCLUSIONS: Patients with resectable lung and gastrointestinal cancers have more optimistic perceptions about the outcomes of an upcoming surgery than their surgeons, even in a setting of good communication and shared decision-making. J. Surg. Oncol. 2016;114:677-683. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27511967
Autor:Sugiura T; Sugiura Y
Dirección:Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan.
Título:Relationships Between Refraining From Catastrophic Thinking, Repetitive Negative Thinking, and Psychological Distress.
Fuente:Psychol Rep; 119(2):374-94, 2016 Oct.
ISSN:1558-691X
País de publicación:United States
Idioma:eng
Resumen:Skills to refrain from catastrophic thinking were negatively related to worry and a wide range of psychological distress. Repetitive negative thinking (including worry) is proposed as a common etiological factor for a wide range of psychological distress. Therefore, reduced repetitive negative thinking would mediate the negative relation between refraining from catastrophic thinking and psychological distress (depression, social anxiety, phobia, generalized anxiety, and obsessions and compulsions). As an overlap between five indices of psychological distress was expected, we first computed latent factors underlying them, which were then predicted by refraining from catastrophic thinking and repetitive negative thinking. Cross-sectional questionnaire data from 125 nonclinical voluntarily participating students (M age = 19.0 years, SD = 3.6; 54% women) supported the predictions: refraining from catastrophic thinking was negatively correlated with depression, social anxiety, phobia, generalized anxiety, and obsession and compulsion. Repetitive negative thinking mediated the negative relationship between refraining from catastrophic thinking and latent factors underlying psychological distress (Fear and Distress). Refraining from catastrophic thinking may be negatively correlated with psychological distress due to its negative relation to repetitive negative thinking.
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  10 / 43 MEDLINE  
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PMID:27299518
Autor:Simons M
Dirección:1 Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Kindes- und Jugendalters, Uniklinik der RWTH Aachen.
Título:Die Ohnmacht der Gedanken ­ Metakognitive Therapie für Kinder und Jugendliche..
Fuente:Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother; 44(6):423-431, 2016 Nov.
ISSN:1422-4917
País de publicación:Switzerland
Idioma:ger
Tipo de publicación:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW



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