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[PMID]: 28731807
[Au] Autor:Yoon SJ; Yoon DY; Lee HJ; Baek S; Lim KJ; Seo YL; Yun EJ
[Ad] Address:1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Kangdong Seong-Sim Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, 150, Seongan-ro Gangdong-Gu, Seoul 134-701, Korea.
[Ti] Title:Distribution of Citations Received by Scientific Papers Published in the Imaging Literature From 2001 to 2010: Decreasing Inequality and Polarization.
[So] Source:AJR Am J Roentgenol;209(2):248-254, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1546-3141
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the distribution of citations received by scientific papers published in the imaging literature between 2001 and 2010. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We extracted the number of citations of all articles and reviews for 5 years after publication using the Scopus (Elsevier) citation database of imaging journals between 2001 and 2010. We quantitatively analyzed article and review citations from each journal and each year, including the number, proportion, and annual number of citations of the most- (≥ 20 citations) and least-cited (three or fewer citations) papers; ratio of most-cited to least-cited papers; 75/25 percentile citation ratio; 90/10 percentile citation ratio; Gini coefficient; and Kolkata index. RESULTS: Our analysis of 124,331 articles and 13,575 reviews from 121 journals showed that the proportion of most-cited articles (from 19.6% to 27.1%) and reviews (from 19.1% to 37.2%) increased from 2001 to 2010, whereas the proportion of least-cited articles (from 32.3% to 23.0%) and reviews (from 31.9% to 15.8%) declined over the same period. The annual numbers of citations of most-cited articles and reviews both reached a peak in the fourth year after publication, whereas those of least-cited articles and reviews reached a peak in the second and fist years, respectively, after publication and thereafter decreased. The 75/25 percentile ratio for articles declined from 41.1 to 27.5 between 2001 and 2010. Over the same time, the 75/25 percentile ratio for reviews declined from 47.4 to 22.9. The 90/10 percentile ratio for articles declined from 1730.8 to 188.7; for reviews, the 90/10 percentile ratio declined from 5788.0 to 100.7. The Gini coefficient of articles and reviews also declined from 0.6116 to 0.5721 for articles and from 0.6507 to 0.5649 for reviews; the k index, from 0.7260 to 0.7088 for articles from 0.7409 to 0.7072 for reviews. CONCLUSION: Inequality and polarization of citations consistently decreased in the imaging literature from 2001 to 2010.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Bibliometrics
Diagnostic Imaging
Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data
Publishing/statistics & numerical data
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Animals
Humans
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:AIM; IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2214/AJR.16.17769

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[PMID]: 28548916
[Au] Autor:Johnston B
[Ad] Address:Florence Nightingale Foundation Chair of Clinical Nursing Practice Research, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow and NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde.
[Ti] Title:Past present and future of palliative nursing.
[So] Source:Int J Palliat Nurs;23(5):211, 2017 May 02.
[Is] ISSN:1357-6321
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Health Services Needs and Demand
Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing
Periodicals as Topic
Population Dynamics
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Humans
Pain Management
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:N
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.12968/ijpn.2017.23.5.211

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[PMID]: 28497473
[Au] Autor:Derry S; Wiffen PJ; Kalso EA; Bell RF; Aldington D; Phillips T; Gaskell H; Moore RA
[Ad] Address:Pain Research and Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (Nuffield Division of Anaesthetics), University of Oxford, Pain Research Unit, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK, OX3 7LE.
[Ti] Title:Topical analgesics for acute and chronic pain in adults - an overview of Cochrane Reviews.
[So] Source:Cochrane Database Syst Rev;5:CD008609, 2017 05 12.
[Is] ISSN:1469-493X
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:BACKGROUND: Topical analgesic drugs are used for a variety of painful conditions. Some are acute, typically strains or sprains, tendinopathy, or muscle aches. Others are chronic, typically osteoarthritis of hand or knee, or neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the analgesic efficacy and associated adverse events of topical analgesics (primarily nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), salicylate rubefacients, capsaicin, and lidocaine) applied to intact skin for the treatment of acute and chronic pain in adults. METHODS: We identified systematic reviews in acute and chronic pain published to February 2017 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (the Cochrane Library). The primary outcome was at least 50% pain relief (participant-reported) at an appropriate duration. We extracted the number needed to treat for one additional beneficial outcome (NNT) for efficacy outcomes for each topical analgesic or formulation, and the number needed to treat for one additional harmful outcome (NNH) for adverse events. We also extracted information on withdrawals due to lack of efficacy or adverse events, systemic and local adverse events, and serious adverse events. We required information from at least 200 participants, in at least two studies. We judged that there was potential for publication bias if the addition of four studies of typical size (400 participants) with zero effect increased NNT compared with placebo to 10 (minimal clinical utility). We extracted GRADE assessment in the original papers, and made our own GRADE assessment. MAIN RESULTS: Thirteen Cochrane Reviews (206 studies with around 30,700 participants) assessed the efficacy and harms from a range of topical analgesics applied to intact skin in a number of acute and chronic painful conditions. Reviews were overseen by several Review Groups, and concentrated on evidence comparing topical analgesic with topical placebo; comparisons of topical and oral analgesics were rare.For at least 50% pain relief, we considered evidence was moderate or high quality for several therapies, based on the underlying quality of studies and susceptibility to publication bias.In acute musculoskeletal pain (strains and sprains) with assessment at about seven days, therapies were diclofenac Emulgel (78% Emulgel, 20% placebo; 2 studies, 314 participants, NNT 1.8 (95% confidence interval 1.5 to 2.1)), ketoprofen gel (72% ketoprofen, 33% placebo, 5 studies, 348 participants, NNT 2.5 (2.0 to 3.4)), piroxicam gel (70% piroxicam, 47% placebo, 3 studies, 522 participants, NNT 4.4 (3.2 to 6.9)), diclofenac Flector plaster (63% Flector, 41% placebo, 4 studies, 1030 participants, NNT 4.7 (3.7 to 6.5)), and diclofenac other plaster (88% diclofenac plaster, 57% placebo, 3 studies, 474 participants, NNT 3.2 (2.6 to 4.2)).In chronic musculoskeletal pain (mainly hand and knee osteoarthritis) therapies were topical diclofenac preparations for less than six weeks (43% diclofenac, 23% placebo, 5 studies, 732 participants, NNT 5.0 (3.7 to 7.4)), ketoprofen over 6 to 12 weeks (63% ketoprofen, 48% placebo, 4 studies, 2573 participants, NNT 6.9 (5.4 to 9.3)), and topical diclofenac preparations over 6 to 12 weeks (60% diclofenac, 50% placebo, 4 studies, 2343 participants, NNT 9.8 (7.1 to 16)). In postherpetic neuralgia, topical high-concentration capsaicin had moderate-quality evidence of limited efficacy (33% capsaicin, 24% placebo, 2 studies, 571 participants, NNT 11 (6.1 to 62)).We judged evidence of efficacy for other therapies as low or very low quality. Limited evidence of efficacy, potentially subject to publication bias, existed for topical preparations of ibuprofen gels and creams, unspecified diclofenac formulations and diclofenac gel other than Emulgel, indomethacin, and ketoprofen plaster in acute pain conditions, and for salicylate rubefacients for chronic pain conditions. Evidence for other interventions (other topical NSAIDs, topical salicylate in acute pain conditions, low concentration capsaicin, lidocaine, clonidine for neuropathic pain, and herbal remedies for any condition) was very low quality and typically limited to single studies or comparisons with sparse data.We assessed the evidence on withdrawals as moderate or very low quality, because of small numbers of events. In chronic pain conditions lack of efficacy withdrawals were lower with topical diclofenac (6%) than placebo (9%) (11 studies, 3455 participants, number needed to treat to prevent (NNTp) 26, moderate-quality evidence), and topical salicylate (2% vs 7% for placebo) (5 studies, 501 participants, NNTp 21, very low-quality evidence). Adverse event withdrawals were higher with topical capsaicin low-concentration (15%) than placebo (3%) (4 studies, 477 participants, NNH 8, very low-quality evidence), topical salicylate (5% vs 1% for placebo) (7 studies, 735 participants, NNH 26, very low-quality evidence), and topical diclofenac (5% vs 4% for placebo) (12 studies, 3552 participants, NNH 51, very low-quality evidence).In acute pain, systemic or local adverse event rates with topical NSAIDs (4.3%) were no greater than with topical placebo (4.6%) (42 studies, 6740 participants, high quality evidence). In chronic pain local adverse events with topical capsaicin low concentration (63%) were higher than topical placebo (5 studies, 557 participants, number needed to treat for harm (NNH) 2.6), high quality evidence. Moderate-quality evidence indicated more local adverse events than placebo in chronic pain conditions with topical diclofenac (NNH 16) and local pain with topical capsaicin high-concentration (NNH 16). There was moderate-quality evidence of no additional local adverse events with topical ketoprofen over topical placebo in chronic pain. Serious adverse events were rare (very low-quality evidence).GRADE assessments of moderate or low quality in some of the reviews were considered by us to be very low because of small numbers of participants and events. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is good evidence that some formulations of topical diclofenac and ketoprofen are useful in acute pain conditions such as sprains or strains, with low (good) NNT values. There is a strong message that the exact formulation used is critically important in acute conditions, and that might also apply to other pain conditions. In chronic musculoskeletal conditions with assessments over 6 to 12 weeks, topical diclofenac and ketoprofen had limited efficacy in hand and knee osteoarthritis, as did topical high-concentration capsaicin in postherpetic neuralgia. Though NNTs were higher, this still indicates that a small proportion of people had good pain relief.Use of GRADE in Cochrane Reviews with small numbers of participants and events requires attention.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Acute Pain/drug therapy
Analgesics/therapeutic use
Chronic Pain/drug therapy
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Adult
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy
Capsaicin/therapeutic use
Diclofenac/therapeutic use
Humans
Ketoprofen
Musculoskeletal Pain/drug therapy
Neuralgia/drug therapy
Numbers Needed To Treat
Osteoarthritis/drug therapy
Piroxicam/therapeutic use
Publication Bias
Review Literature as Topic
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Name of substance:0 (Analgesics); 13T4O6VMAM (Piroxicam); 144O8QL0L1 (Diclofenac); 90Y4QC304K (Ketoprofen); S07O44R1ZM (Capsaicin)
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD008609.pub2

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[PMID]: 28343548
[Au] Autor:Sciortino JE
[Ti] Title:All about Connection: A Message from JOGC's New Managing Editor.
[So] Source:J Obstet Gynaecol Can;39(3):116-117, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:1701-2163
[Cp] Country of publication:Netherlands
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Editorial Policies
Gynecology
Obstetrics
Periodicals as Topic
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Canada
Humans
Societies, Medical
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170327
[St] Status:MEDLINE

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[PMID]: 28328910
[Ti] Title:A guide to the Nature Index.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7646):S33, 2017 03 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Authorship
Bibliometrics
Databases, Factual
Internationality
Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Efficiency
[Pt] Publication type:NEWS
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543S33a

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[PMID]: 28328909
[Au] Autor:Fuyuno I
[Ti] Title:What price will science pay for austerity?
[So] Source:Nature;543(7646):S10-S15, 2017 03 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Budgets
Research Personnel/economics
Universities/economics
Universities/manpower
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Age Factors
Bibliometrics
Efficiency
Federal Government
Japan
Retirement/statistics & numerical data
Universities/organization & administration
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543S10a

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[PMID]: 28328907
[Au] Autor:Murphy F
[Ti] Title:Engineering a gender bias.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7646):S31, 2017 03 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Authorship
Bibliometrics
Engineering/manpower
Research Personnel/statistics & numerical data
Sexism
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: International Cooperation
Journal Impact Factor
Research Personnel/psychology
[Pt] Publication type:NEWS
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543S31a

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[PMID]: 28300127
[Ti] Title:Announcement: Transparency upgrade for Nature journals.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7645):288, 2017 03 15.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] Country of publication:England
[La] Language:eng
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Periodicals as Topic
Publishing/standards
Publishing/trends
Research Design/standards
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Guidelines as Topic
Periodicals as Topic/standards
Periodicals as Topic/trends
Reproducibility of Results
[Pt] Publication type:EDITORIAL
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170316
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543288b

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[PMID]: 28268825
[Au] Autor:Andrei V; Arandjelovic O
[Ti] Title:Identification of promising research directions using machine learning aided medical literature analysis.
[So] Source:Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc;2016:2471-2474, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1557-170X
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:The rapidly expanding corpus of medical research literature presents major challenges in the understanding of previous work, the extraction of maximum information from collected data, and the identification of promising research directions. We present a case for the use of advanced machine learning techniques as an aide in this task and introduce a novel methodology that is shown to be capable of extracting meaningful information from large longitudinal corpora, and of tracking complex temporal changes within it.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Machine Learning
Publications
Research
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Humans
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591231

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[PMID]: 28268779
[Au] Autor:Tanaka H; Sakti S; Neubig G; Negoro H; Iwasaka H; Nakamura S
[Ti] Title:Automated social skills training with audiovisual information.
[So] Source:Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc;2016:2262-2265, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1557-170X
[Cp] Country of publication:United States
[La] Language:eng
[Ab] Abstract:People with social communication difficulties tend to have superior skills using computers, and as a result computer-based social skills training systems are flourishing. Social skills training, performed by human trainers, is a well-established method to obtain appropriate skills in social interaction. Previous works have attempted to automate one or several parts of social skills training through human-computer interaction. However, while previous work on simulating social skills training considered only acoustic and linguistic features, human social skills trainers take into account visual features (e.g. facial expression, posture). In this paper, we create and evaluate a social skills training system that closes this gap by considering audiovisual features regarding ratio of smiling, yaw, and pitch. An experimental evaluation measures the difference in effectiveness of social skill training when using audio features and audiovisual features. Results showed that the visual features were effective to improve users' social skills.
[Mh] MeSH terms primary: Audiovisual Aids
Communication
Social Skills
User-Computer Interface
[Mh] MeSH terms secundary: Education
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
[Pt] Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Entry month:1708
[Cu] Class update date: 170803
[Lr] Last revision date:170803
[Js] Journal subset:IM
[Da] Date of entry for processing:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591180


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