Database : MEDLINE
Search on : I01.880.604.787.358 [DeCS Category]
References found : 926 [refine]
Displaying: 1 .. 10   in format [Large]

page 1 of 93 go to page                         

  1 / 926 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:28720195
Author:Harsch V
Title:Early Ejection Seats in Germany.
Source:Aerosp Med Hum Perform; 88(8):801, 2017 Aug 01.
ISSN:2375-6314
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Publication type:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:28426734
Author:Cuerda-Galindo E; López-Muñoz F; Krischel M; Ley A
Address:Department of Human Anatomy and Embryology, Rey Juan Carlos University, Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain.
Title:Study of deaths by suicide of homosexual prisoners in Nazi Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Source:PLoS One; 12(4):e0176007, 2017.
ISSN:1932-6203
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Living conditions in Nazi concentration camps were harsh and inhumane, leading many prisoners to commit suicide. Sachsenhausen (Oranienburg, Germany) was a concentration camp that operated from 1936 to 1945. More than 200,000 people were detained there under Nazi rule. This study analyzes deaths classified as suicides by inmates in this camp, classified as homosexuals, both according to the surviving Nazi files. This collective was especially repressed by the Nazi authorities. Data was collected from the archives of Sachsenhausen Memorial and the International Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen. Original death certificates and autopsy reports were reviewed. Until the end of World War II, there are 14 death certificates which state "suicide" as cause of death of prisoners classified as homosexuals, all of them men aged between 23 and 59 years and of various religions and social strata. Based on a population of 1,200 prisoners classified as homosexuals, this allows us to calculate a suicide rate of 1,167/100,000 (over the period of eight years) for this population, a rate 10 times higher than for global inmates (111/100,000). However, our study has several limitations: not all suicides are registered; some murders were covered-up as suicides; most documents were lost during the war or destroyed by the Nazis when leaving the camps and not much data is available from other camps to compare. We conclude that committing suicides in Sachsenhausen was a common practice, although accurate data may be impossible to obtain.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:27998332
Author:Rzesnitzek L; Lang S
Address:Institute for the History of Medicine Charité,Institut für Geschichte der Medizin,Charité - Universitätsmedizin BerlinThielallee 71,14195 BerlinGermany.
Title:'Electroshock Therapy' in the Third Reich.
Source:Med Hist; 61(1):66-88, 2017 Jan.
ISSN:2048-8343
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Abstract:The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical. Electroshock therapy, much like the preceding 'shock therapies', insulin coma therapy and cardiazol convulsive therapy, contradicted the genetic dogma of schizophrenia, in which only one 'treatment' was permissible: primary prevention by sterilisation. However, industrial companies such as Siemens-Reiniger-Werke AG (SRW) embraced the new development in medical technology. Moreover, they knew how to use existing patents on the electrical anaesthesia used for slaughtering to maintain a leading position in the new electroshock therapy market. Only after the end of the official 'euthanasia' murder operation in August 1941, entitled T4, did the psychiatric elite begin to promote electroshock therapy as a modern 'unspecific' treatment in order to reframe psychiatry as an 'honorable' medical discipline. War-related shortages hindered even the then politically supported production of electroshock devices. Research into electroshock therapy remained minimal and was mainly concerned with internationally shared safety concerns regarding its clinical application. However, within the Third Reich, electroshock therapy was not only introduced in psychiatric hospitals, asylums, and in the Auschwitz concentration camp in order to get patients back to work, it was also modified for 'euthanasia' murder.
Publication type:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:27160002
Author:López-Muñoz F; Cuerda-Galindo E; Krischel M
Address:Faculty of Health Sciences, Camilo José Cela University, C/ Castillo de Alarcón, 49, Urb. Villafranca del Castillo, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28692, Madrid, Spain. flopez@ucjc.edu.
Title:Study of Deaths by Suicide in the Soviet Special Camp Number 7 (Sachsenhausen), 1945-1950.
Source:Psychiatr Q; 88(1):93-101, 2017 Mar.
ISSN:1573-6709
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:After World War II, Sachsenhausen Nazi concentration camp (Oranienburg) was administered until the spring of 1950 by Soviet occupation forces (Special Camp Number 7) and used mainly for political prisoners. Our study analyzes suicides in this camp during the Soviet period. Data was collected from the archives of Sachsenhausen Memorial, Special Camp Collection. Original documents containing certificates or autopsy reports of prisoners who committing suicide were reviewed. In this period, authorities registered 17 suicides. The age of suicides was between 19 and 64 years. The most frequent cause of imprisonment was Blockleiter (Kapo in Nazi period, n = 4), Mitarbeiter Gestapo (member of the Gestapo, n = 3) and Wehrmacht (military, n = 3). Hanging was the most frequent method of suicide. The average time spent in the camp until suicide was 715 days. The number of recorded suicides under Soviet control is considerably lower (calculated rate 2.8/10,000 per year) than under Nazi control (calculated rate 11/10,000 per year). This could be due to comparably more favorable conditions for prisoners and the abolishment of the death penalty during this period. Possible motives for suicides include feelings of guilt for crimes committed, fear of punishment and a misguided understanding of honor on the eve of criminal trials.
Publication type:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  5 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:27992888
Author:Rutkowski K; Dembinska E
Address:Katedra Psychoterapii, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski Collegium Medicum.
Title:Powojenne badania stresu pourazowego w Krakowie. Czesc II. Badania po 1989 roku. Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part II - 1989 onwards.
Source:Psychiatr Pol; 50(5):945-958, 2016 Oct 31.
ISSN:2391-5854
Country of publication:Poland
Language:eng; pol
Abstract:The paper illustrates the research on post-traumatic disorders conducted in Kraków at the Department of Psychotherapy and the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University Medical College after 1989. The political changes that occurred in Poland after 1989 allowed the research to be extended with new groups of survivors. Having conducted the research of the former concentration camp prisoners, the study started to be carried out in the two research teams: 1) the former prisoners of the Stalinist period, Siberian deportees, war veterans and others were examined at the former Social Pathology Institute of the Department of Psychiatry, Jagiellonian University Medical College and the work is continued at the Department of Psychotherapy, Jagiellonian University Medical College; 2) at the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic the research of the Holocaust survivors and their families has been carried on by the same team up to the present day. The paper outlines the historical background of persecution, its course and a typical impact it had on health of each of the group of survivors. All individuals suffer from widely understood post-traumatic disorders (F43.1 and F62.0). However, differences in the profile of symptoms can be noted. The manner in which the research was organised and its modifications are also presented. The aim of this paper is to familiarise the Reader with the presented concepts and contextualise them in a political and historical dimensions, and in the continuity of the previous research on KZ-Syndrome and war neuroses.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW


  6 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:27992887
Author:Rutkowski K; Dembinska E
Address:Katedra Psychoterapii UJ, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski Collegium Medicum.
Title:Powojenne badania stresu pourazowego w Krakowie. Czesc I. Badania do 1989 roku. Post-War Research on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Part I. Research before 1989.
Source:Psychiatr Pol; 50(5):935-944, 2016 Oct 31.
ISSN:2391-5854
Country of publication:Poland
Language:eng; pol
Abstract:The paper presents the post-war history of post-traumatic research conducted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Jagiellonian University and the analysis of the main research approaches and selected publications. The time after World War II passed in Poland in two directions: coping with the finished war trauma and simultaneously the experience of communist persecution trauma. First scientific publications appeared in the fifties and were focused on the research of former concentration camps prisoners (KZ-Syndrome). Between 1962 and 1989 a special edition of Przeglad Lekarski, which concentrated entirely on war trauma research, was published. The journal was nominated for the Peace Nobel Prize twice. The research team from the Department of Psychiatry headed by Professor Antoni Kepinski made a very extensive description of KZ-Syndrome issues. The paper summarizes the most important contemporary research findings on psychopathology of KZ-Syndrome (Szymusik), reaction dynamics (Teutsch), after camp adjustment (Orwid), paroxysmal hypermnesia (Póltawska), somatic changes (Gatarski, Witusik). The result of the study was the basis for the development of a methodology and a new look at the classification of the consequences of post-traumatic stress disorder, as well as the development of ethical attitudes towards patients.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW


  7 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
Full text
PMID:27968937
Author:Bock J; Burgdorf WH; Hoenig LJ; Parish LC
Address:Long Island University, Brooklyn Campus Library, Brooklyn, NY. Electronic address: julia.bock@liu.edu.
Title:The fate of Hungarian Jewish dermatologists during the Holocaust: Part 2: Under Nazi rule.
Source:Clin Dermatol; 34(6):768-778, 2016 Nov - Dec.
ISSN:1879-1131
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:At least 564,500 Hungarian Jews perished during the Holocaust, including many physicians. Exactly how many Jewish dermatologists were killed is not known. We have identified 62 Hungarian Jewish dermatologists from this period: 19 of these dermatologists died in concentration camps or were shot in Hungary, 3 committed suicide, and 1 died shortly after the Holocaust, exhausted by the War. Fortunately, many Hungarian Jewish dermatologists survived the Holocaust. Some had fled Europe before the Nazi takeover, as was described in Part 1 of this contribution. Two Holocaust survivors, Ferenc Földvári and Ödön Rajka, became presidents of the Hungarian Dermatologic Society and helped rebuild the profession of dermatology in Hungary after the War. This contribution provides one of the first accounts of the fate of Hungarian Jewish dermatologists during the Holocaust and serves as a remembrance of their suffering and ordeal.
Publication type:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PMID:27795453
Author:Alexopoulos G
Title:Medical Research in Stalin's Gulag.
Source:Bull Hist Med; 90(3):363-393, 2016.
ISSN:1086-3176
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Recently declassified Gulag archives reveal for the first time that the Stalinist leadership established medical research laboratories in the camps. The present work offers an initial reading of the medical research conducted by and on prisoners in Stalin's Gulag. Although Gulag science did not apparently possess the lethal character of Nazi medicine, neither was this work entirely benign. I argue that the highly constrained environment of the Stalinist camps distorted medical science. Scientists were forced to produce work agreeable to their Gulag administrators. Thus they remained silent regarding the context of mass starvation and forced labor, and often perpetuated Gulag myths concerning the nature of diseases and the threat of deceptive patients. Rather than aggressive treatment to save lives, they often engaged in clinical observations of dead or dying patients. At the same time, a few courageous scientists challenged the Gulag system in their research, in both subtle and overt ways.
Publication type:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
select
to print
Photocopy
PMID:27526550
Author:Yogev I
Title:[My mother's life journey].
Source:Harefuah; 155(5):262-3, 2016 May.
ISSN:0017-7768
Country of publication:Israel
Language:heb
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES


  10 / 926 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
select
to print
Photocopy
PMID:27132362
Author:Pospischil A; Häsler S
Title:Zur Geschichte internierter polnischer Tierärzte in der Schweiz 1940-1947. [The history of detained Polish veterinarians in Switzerland 1940-1947].
Source:Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd; 158(1):27-38, 2016 Jan.
ISSN:0036-7281
Country of publication:Switzerland
Language:ger
Abstract:As part of the recent history of veterinary medicine in Switzerland, in Poland and in other countries biographies ofveterinarians among Polish soldiers detained to Switzerland during WWII are described. The information is derived from a number of Swiss and Ukrainian archives and personal contacts with descendants and colleagues of these veterinarians living in Switzerland and abroad.
Publication type:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE



page 1 of 93 go to page                         
   


Refine the search
  Database : MEDLINE Advanced form   

    Search in field  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/PAHO/WHO - Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information