Database : MEDLINE
Search on : SP1.001.002 [DeCS Category]
References found : 14347 [refine]
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PMID:29437565
Author:Fu W; Zhao S; Zhang Y; Chai P; Goss J
Address:China National Health and Development Research Centre, Beijing, China fuwei@nhei.cn.
Title:Research in health policy making in China: out-of-pocket payments in Healthy China 2030.
Source:BMJ; 360:k234, 2018 02 05.
ISSN:1756-1833
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28741747
Author:Carroll C; Hartl B; Goldman GT; Rohlf DJ; Treves A; Kerr JT; Ritchie EG; Kingsford RT; Gibbs KE; Maron M; Watson JEM
Address:Klamath Center for Conservation Research, Orleans, CA, 95556, U.S.A.
Title:Defending the scientific integrity of conservation-policy processes.
Source:Conserv Biol; 31(5):967-975, 2017 10.
ISSN:1523-1739
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Government agencies faced with politically controversial decisions often discount or ignore scientific information, whether from agency staff or nongovernmental scientists. Recent developments in scientific integrity (the ability to perform, use, communicate, and publish science free from censorship or political interference) in Canada, Australia, and the United States demonstrate a similar trajectory. A perceived increase in scientific-integrity abuses provokes concerted pressure by the scientific community, leading to efforts to improve scientific-integrity protections under a new administration. However, protections are often inconsistently applied and are at risk of reversal under administrations publicly hostile to evidence-based policy. We compared recent challenges to scientific integrity to determine what aspects of scientific input into conservation policy are most at risk of political distortion and what can be done to strengthen safeguards against such abuses. To ensure the integrity of outbound communications from government scientists to the public, we suggest governments strengthen scientific integrity policies, include scientists' right to speak freely in collective-bargaining agreements, guarantee public access to scientific information, and strengthen agency culture supporting scientific integrity. To ensure the transparency and integrity with which information from nongovernmental scientists (e.g., submitted comments or formal policy reviews) informs the policy process, we suggest governments broaden the scope of independent reviews, ensure greater diversity of expert input and transparency regarding conflicts of interest, require a substantive response to input from agencies, and engage proactively with scientific societies. For their part, scientists and scientific societies have a responsibility to engage with the public to affirm that science is a crucial resource for developing evidence-based policy and regulations in the public interest.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  3 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29419385
Author:Capewell S; Cairney P; Clarke A
Address:Public Health and Policy, Institute of Psychology Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
Title:Should action take priority over further research on public health?
Source:BMJ; 360:k292, 2018 02 01.
ISSN:1756-1833
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  4 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29330159
Author:Whitaker K; Webb D; Linou N
Address:HIV, Health, and Development Group, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support, UNDP, New York, NY, USA.
Title:Commercial influence in control of non-communicable diseases.
Source:BMJ; 360:k110, 2018 01 12.
ISSN:1756-1833
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Publication type:EDITORIAL


  5 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29330157
Author:Caan W
Address:Duxford, UK.
Title:Measuring the prevention of harm due to minimum alcohol pricing.
Source:BMJ; 360:k130, 2018 01 12.
ISSN:1756-1833
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Publication type:LETTER


  6 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28459491
Author:Bleich MR
Title:Leadership Roles in Standards and Policy Development.
Source:J Contin Educ Nurs; 48(5):203-205, 2017 May 01.
ISSN:1938-2472
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Leaders are defined by traits, behaviors, roles, and functions, yet little is described about their responsibilities linked to standards and policy development. Presented in this article is a four-point organizational framework (primary, procedural, population-specific, and public) that is useful for establishing patient, institutional, and public policies central to leadership. Leader responsibility for communicating minimum standards is contrasted with setting optimal practice expectations. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2017;48(5):203-205.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  7 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29430893
Author:Boyko EA; Goncharuk NN; Dashitsyrenova AD; Kostenko NA; Sinitsina OO; Shevyreva MP
Title:[About the formation of legislation in the field of chemical and biological safety of the Russian Federation].
Source:Gig Sanit; 95(8):717-21, 2016.
ISSN:0016-9900
Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
Language:rus
Abstract:The realization of the package of measures directed at the consecutive decrease of the negative effect of hazardous chemical and biological factors on the population and environment to the acceptable risk level stipulates the development of standard legal regulation in the field of ensuring the chemical and biological safety. For this purpose article presents substantiation and conceptual approaches to the creation of legislation in the field of the chemical and biological security of the Russian Federation within the pursued state policy. In determination of conceptual approaches, in the article there are reported: the main idea, the purpose, a subject of legal regulation, the circle of people who will be subjected to the laws, the place offuture laws in the system of current legislation, the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal backbone laws of the Russian Federation to realization of which laws are directed, there is given the general characteristic and an assessment of a condition of legal regulation in this field, results of the analysis of the information on the need for correspondence of Russian laws to provision of international treaties, concerning prohibitions of the biological and chemical weapon, safe handling with biological agents and chemicals, and also the development of uniform procedures of ensuring chemical and biological safety. The major aspect in the shaping of the legislation is the global character ofproblems of chemical and biological safety in this connection in article there is indicated the need of rapprochement of rules of law for this area with partners in economic cooperation and integration. Taking into account an orientation of future laws on the decrease in the level of the negative impact of dangerous chemical and biological factors on the population and environment, there are designated medical, social, economic and political consequences of their implementation. There are presented the proposed structure for bills: "About biological safety", "On Chemical Safety" and "On the National collection of pathogens.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
Name of substance:0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Hazardous Substances)


  8 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28749710
Author:Morrell E
Address:Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middlebury College , Middlebury, Vermont.
Title:First Food Justice: Infant Feeding Disparities and the First Food System.
Source:Breastfeed Med; 12(8):489-492, 2017 10.
ISSN:1556-8342
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Breastfeeding and first foods--including human milk and infant formula--affect us all as individuals and a society of eaters and feeders. They also shape us in part through having significant effects on community health and well-being, workplace strength, and environmental integrity. In addition, we all affect breastfeeding and first foods. Society, the economy, and the environment constrain and enable breastfeeding success, for example, and they often do so differently by race, class, and other social categories. It is important we recognize and address these realities for our own individual interests as well as those we as a citizenry hold in common.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  9 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29389094
Author:Myers N
Title:Policy Making to Build Relationships: A Grounded Theory Analysis of Interviews and Documents Relating to H1N1, Ebola, and the U.S. Public Health Preparedness Network.
Source:J Health Hum Serv Adm; 39(3):313-56, 2016.
ISSN:1079-3739
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:In the last five years, the American public health emergency preparedness and response system has been tested by two significant threats, H1N1 and Ebola. While neither proved as dangerous as initially feared, these viruses highlighted on-going issues with collaborations in the field of public health and health care. Strengths were identified within the network, but also challenges that must be resolved before the U.S. faces a major pandemic. Employing interview data from public health emergency response practitioners and documentary evidence from the H1N1 and Ebola responses, this qualitative analysis uses the grounded theory approach to identify key areas for collaborative improvement. The grounded theory developed calls for a stronger policy framework at the federal level to facilitate more collaboration between U.S. agencies and facilitate more collaboration at the state and local level.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  10 / 14347 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29223206
Author:Albrecht SA; Wang J; Spatz D
Title:A Call to Action to Address Barriers to Breastfeeding and Lactation Faced by Student-Mothers.
Source:Nurs Womens Health; 21(6):431-437, 2017 Dec.
ISSN:1751-486X
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Many new mothers returning to school after childbirth face barriers within their academic settings to meeting their goals for exclusive breastfeeding. Potential barriers to breastfeeding faced by student-mothers include lack of legal protection, lack of breastfeeding-friendly university policies, inadequate availability of breastfeeding facilities, and insufficient awareness of the importance of breastfeeding among mothers, health care providers, and university administrators and faculty. Here we advocate for six action steps to help remove barriers to breastfeeding faced by student-mothers.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE



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