Database : MEDLINE
Search on : SP4.051.492.013 [DeCS Category]
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PMID:29446272
Author:Georgieva OV; Konovalova LS; Kon' IY
Title:[The system of the quality control and the safety of baby food, the prospects of its development].
Source:Gig Sanit; 95(11):1091-5, 2016.
ISSN:0016-9900
Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
Language:rus
Abstract:In the article there is considered the substantiation of raise demands to the chemical composition of children's food and indices of their safety, with taking into account the immaturity of metabolic and physiological processes and limitations of "depot" of nutrients in babies. Based on research results of leading experts in the field of children's nutritiology and according to the recommendations of the Codex Alimentarius of the Commission of FAO/WHO, ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition, the EFSA recommendations and EUDirectives there were specified requirements for the ingredient composition, content of essential components and indices of the nutritional value of substitutes for human milk and functional products for the nutrition of infants of the first year of life. There are shown stages of the development of the Russian system of hygienic requirements for baby food, and the direction of its harmonization with international and European standards, particularly for substitutes for human milk and products of dietary therapeutic and dietary preventive nutrition for babies. There are considered aspects of the introduction ofproducts and weaning food dishes into the food ration of infants. There is presented the classification ofproducts of children's food and the assortment of each group of weaning foods. There is provided the modern legislative framework in the field of the quality and safety for infant nutrition. There was shown the difference between domestic legislation and regulatory framework of the EurAsEC Customs Union of the European countries in the field offood products safety for children older three years. There are presented proposals on the creation of the single regulatory base within the framework of the EurAsEC Customs Union for control the quality and safety of all the baby foods.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  2 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29446266
Author:Klepikov OV; Khatuaev RO; Istomin AV; Rumyantseva LA
Title:[Regional features of food standards and health risks associated with chemical contamination of food].
Source:Gig Sanit; 95(11):1086-91, 2016.
ISSN:0016-9900
Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
Language:rus
Abstract:In the article there are presented results of a study of the balance of food consumption by the population of the Voronezh region, the assessment of the level of contamination of food products and both carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic and public health risk caused by this contamination. There was evaluated the level of nutrition-dependent diseases. A special feature of this study is a comparative analysis of data obtained during the two five-year periods of 1995-1999 and 2010-2014, that permitted to reveal changes in food consumption, the dynamics of morbidity rate associated with the nutritional factor.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  3 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29446265
Author:Popova AY; Trukhina GM; Mikailova OM
Title:[Introduction of hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP) principles at the flight catering food production plant].
Source:Gig Sanit; 95(11):1083-6, 2016.
ISSN:0016-9900
Country of publication:Russia (Federation)
Language:rus
Abstract:In the article there is considered the quality control and safety system implemented in the one of the largest flight catering food production plant for airline passengers and flying squad. The system for the control was based on the Hazard Analysis And Critical Control Points (HACCP) principles and developed hygienic and antiepidemic measures. There is considered the identification of hazard factors at stages of the technical process. There are presented results of the analysis data of monitoring for 6 critical control points over the five-year period. The quality control and safety system permit to decline food contamination risk during acceptance, preparation and supplying of in-flight meal. There was proved the efficiency of the implemented system. There are determined further ways of harmonization and implementation for HACCP principles in the plant.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  4 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29364986
Author:Li Y; Shuai J; Xu K
Address:Department of Mechanical and Transportation Engineering, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing, China.
Title:Investigation on size tolerance of pore defect of girth weld pipe.
Source:PLoS One; 13(1):e0191575, 2018.
ISSN:1932-6203
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Abstract:Welding quality control is an important parameter for safe operation of oil and gas pipes, especially for high-strength steel pipes. Size control of welding defect is a bottleneck problem for current pipe construction. As a key part of construction procedure for butt-welding of pipes, pore defects in girth weld is difficult to ignore. A three-dimensional non-linear finite element numerical model is established to study applicability of size control indices based on groove shape and softening phenomenon of material in heat-affected zone of practical pipe girth weld. Taking design criteria of pipe as the basis, basic tensile, extremely tensile and extremely compressive loading conditions are determined for pipe stress analysis, and failure criteria based on flow stress is employed to perform stress analysis for pipe girth weld with pore defect. Results show that pipe girth welding stresses of pores at various radial locations are similar. Whereas, stress for pores of different sharpness varied significantly. Besides, tolerance capability of API 5L X90 grade pipe to pore defect of girth weld is lower than that of API 5L X80 grade pipe, and size control index of 3 mm related to pore defect in current standards is applicable to API 5L X80 and X90 grade girth welded pipes with radially non-sharp pore defects.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T


  5 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28471389
Author:Liu Z; Wang CZ; Zhu XY; Wan JY; Zhang J; Li W; Ruan CC; Yuan CS
Address:Institute of Agricultural Modernization, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118, China. lzhiiu@126.com.
Title:Dynamic Changes in Neutral and Acidic Ginsenosides with Different Cultivation Ages and Harvest Seasons: Identification of Chemical Characteristics for Panax ginseng Quality Control.
Source:Molecules; 22(5), 2017 May 04.
ISSN:1420-3049
Country of publication:Switzerland
Language:eng
Abstract:In this study, dynamic changes in ginsenoside content and ratios in the root were investigated with different cultivation ages and different collection months, using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Our data indicate that changes in ginsenoside Ro and malonyl ginsenosides content were dependent on the ginseng cultivation age ( < 0.05); especially, the Ro content varied from 0.16 to 4.91 mg/g, with a difference about 30-fold. Further, we found that the samples of 5 and 6-year-old had high Ro/Re ratio, whereas two and three-year-old possessed low Ro/Re ratio. Thus, the Ro/Re ratio can be used as a characteristic marker for differentiating the age of the root. The relative content of ginsenosides Rg1 and Re were affected by the ginseng's harvest season. The Re content was higher than the Rg1 content in May and June, but lower than the Rg1 content from August to October. Thus, the Rg1/Re ratio can be used as a characteristic marker for differentiating the ginseng's harvest seasons. These results indicate that the chemical characteristics of at different cultivation ages and harvest seasons are clearly different, which may cause differences in pharmacological activities and therapeutic effects. In addition, we developed HPLC coupled with hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis methods to identify the cultivation age and harvest season of using characteristic ginsenosides. Our results showed that this method can be used to discriminate the cultivation age and harvest season of
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
Name of substance:0 (Ginsenosides)


  6 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28460126
Author:Izevbekhai O; Adeagbo B; Olagunju A; Bolaji O
Address:Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Title:Quality of artemisinin-based antimalarial drugs marketed in Nigeria.
Source:Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg; 111(2):90-96, 2017 02 01.
ISSN:1878-3503
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Abstract:Background: Artemisinin combination therapy is first-line therapy for treatment of malaria, which is one of the most significant public health problems in Nigeria. With the increasing level of use of these drugs coupled with the emergence of resistance, there is a need for regular post-market surveillance. Method: Twenty different brands of artesunate-containing antimalarial drugs and 10 brands of artemether-lumefantrine were multi-sourced in the south western part of Nigeria and were subjected to identification, weight uniformity test, and assay using United State pharmacopoeia and International Pharmacopoeia monographs. In vitro-dissolution test of the artemether tablets was also investigated. Results: All 10 brands (100%) of the artemether-lumefantrine tablets met the assay requirement for artemether and 8 (80%) met the assay requirement for lumefantrine, but only 4 brands (40%) met the requirement for artemether dissolution. One of these brands failed the weight uniformity test. Of the 20 brands of artesunate-containing brands included in this study, 15 (75%) met the standard assay requirement for artesunate and two failed the weight uniformity test. Conclusions: There is evidence of the presence of substandard artemisinin products in the Nigerian market.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE
Name of substance:0 (Antimalarials); 0 (Artemisinins); 0 (Drug Combinations); 0 (Ethanolamines); 0 (Fluorenes); 0 (artemether-lumefantrine combination); 60W3249T9M (artesunate)


  7 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:28464917
Author:You YN; Cho MR; Park JH; Park GC; Song MY; Choi JB; Na CS; Han JY; Shin JC; Kim JH
Address:Clinical Research Center, DongShin University Gwangju Oriental Hospital, Gwangju City, Republic of Korea.
Title:Assessing the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials of scalp acupuncture treatment for vascular dementia.
Source:Trials; 18(1):205, 2017 May 02.
ISSN:1745-6215
Country of publication:England
Language:eng
Abstract:BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of scalp acupuncture (SA) for the treatment of vascular dementia (VD). METHOD: A systematic search of reports published through to December 2015 was performed in eight databases. The quality of RCTs that used SA as an intervention for VD was evaluated based on the 2010 Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) and 2010 Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) guidelines. Thirteen items from the CONSORT guideline were scored to give an overall quality score (OQS, range 0-13), and a combined key methodological index score (MIS) (range 0-5) of five key methodological items was measured. The OQS of 17 items from the STRICTA guideline (range 0-17) was also measured. RESULTS: In total, 26 reports were evaluated. The median OQS based on the CONSORT guideline was 8 (minimum 5, maximum 11), and "trial design," "sample size," "ancillary analyses," and "harms" had a positive rate of less than 10%. The median MIS was 2 (minimum 0, maximum 5), with "allocation concealment and implementation," "blinding," and "intent-to-treat analysis" having a positive rate of less than 15%. The median OQS based on the STRICTA guideline was 12 (minimum 8, maximum 14), with "extent to which treatment was varied (1c)," "number of needle insertions per subject per session (2a)," and "setting and context of treatment (4b)" having a positive rate of less than 10%. CONCLUSIONS: The overall quality of reports on RCTs of SA treatment for VD was moderate to low. The quality of methodological items was markedly lower than that of other items. The CONSORT and STRICTA guidelines should be used more frequently to standardize the quality of RCT reports of SA treatment for VD.
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


  8 / 44789 MEDLINE  
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PMID:29436811
Author:Downing K
Title:The Information Governance Road Map: Mile Marker 4-Demonstrating the Value of Clinical, Financial, and Administrative Information to IG.
Source:J AHIMA; 87(11):48-52, 2016 Nov-Dec.
ISSN:1060-5487
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


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PMID:29431931
Author:Orlova A
Title:Addressing Data, Information, and Record Quality Challenges Through Standards.
Source:J AHIMA; 87(10):64-9, 2016 10.
ISSN:1060-5487
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE


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PMID:29425014
Author:Watzlaf V; Nemchik S; Hoerner M; Sheridan P
Title:ICD-10 Coding Productivity Study Highlights Emerging Standards.
Source:J AHIMA; 87(8):44-7, 2016 08.
ISSN:1060-5487
Country of publication:United States
Language:eng
Publication type:JOURNAL ARTICLE



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