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Pesquisa : A01.456.505 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29346428
[Au] Autor:Wong YK; Wong WW; Lui KFH; Wong AC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.
[Ti] Título:Revisiting facial resemblance in couples.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191456, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is widely believed that couples look alike. Consistently, previous research reported higher facial similarity for couples than non-couples, and that facial similarity predicts marital satisfaction. However, it is unclear if facial similarity in couples shown in previous studies was solely driven by extrinsic features like hairstyle, glasses, etc. Also unclear is what attributes are perceived as similar from the faces of a couple. In three experiments, we showed that faces were considered more similar in couples than non-couples even without extrinsic features. Personality and age perceived from faces were also more similar in couples. Importantly, by matching pairs of faces according to their perceived personality, we found that a higher similarity in the perceived personality of a face pair led to higher facial similarity and couple likelihood ratings. These findings suggest that, instead of a result of pure physical analyses, facial similarity in couples is partly based on active social cognitive judgments on perceived personality, which may reveal the actual personality of the couples and thus inform relationship quality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Características da Família
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191456


  2 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29273569
[Au] Autor:Zeinstra CG; Meuwly D; Ruifrok AC; Veldhuis RN; Spreeuwers LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Forensic face recognition as a means to determine strength of evidence: A survey.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Rev;30(1):21-32, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7201
[Cp] País de publicação:China (Republic : 1949- )
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper surveys the literature on forensic face recognition (FFR), with a particular focus on the strength of evidence as used in a court of law. FFR is the use of biometric face recognition for several applications in forensic science. It includes scenarios of ID verification and open-set identification, investigation and intelligence, and evaluation of the strength of evidence. We present FFR from operational, tactical, and strategic perspectives. We discuss criticism of FFR and we provide an overview of research efforts from multiple perspectives that relate to the domain of FFR. Finally, we sketch possible future directions for FFR.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identificação Biométrica
Face/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto
Prova Pericial
Ciências Forenses
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Redes Neurais (Computação)
Competência Profissional
Pesquisa/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29178597
[Au] Autor:Larson JR; Manyama MF; Cole JB; Gonzalez PN; Percival CJ; Liberton DK; Ferrara TM; Riccardi SL; Kimwaga EA; Mathayo J; Spitzmacher JA; Rolian C; Jamniczky HA; Weinberg SM; Roseman CC; Klein O; Lukowiak K; Spritz RA; Hallgrimsson B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cell Biology & Anatomy, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Body size and allometric variation in facial shape in children.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165(2):327-342, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Morphological integration, or the tendency for covariation, is commonly seen in complex traits such as the human face. The effects of growth on shape, or allometry, represent a ubiquitous but poorly understood axis of integration. We address the question of to what extent age and measures of size converge on a single pattern of allometry for human facial shape. METHODS: Our study is based on two large cross-sectional cohorts of children, one from Tanzania and the other from the United States (N = 7,173). We employ 3D facial imaging and geometric morphometrics to relate facial shape to age and anthropometric measures. RESULTS: The two populations differ significantly in facial shape, but the magnitude of this difference is small relative to the variation within each group. Allometric variation for facial shape is similar in both populations, representing a small but significant proportion of total variation in facial shape. Different measures of size are associated with overlapping but statistically distinct aspects of shape variation. Only half of the size-related variation in facial shape can be explained by the first principal component of four size measures and age while the remainder associates distinctly with individual measures. CONCLUSIONS: Allometric variation in the human face is complex and should not be regarded as a singular effect. This finding has important implications for how size is treated in studies of human facial shape and for the developmental basis for allometric variation more generally.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tamanho Corporal/fisiologia
Face/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Antropologia Física
Evolução Biológica
Biometria
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem Tridimensional
Masculino
Tanzânia
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23356


  4 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29326283
[Au] Autor:Wells L; Mahil S
[Ad] Endereço:Paediatric department, Evelina Children's Hospital, London, UK lyndonbenjamin.wells@nhs.net.
[Ti] Título:Rash on extensor surfaces of a child.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:j5547, 2018 01 11.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acrodermatite/virologia
Exantema/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Nádegas/virologia
Pré-Escolar
Cotovelo/virologia
Face/virologia
Seres Humanos
Joelho/virologia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5547


  5 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351345
[Au] Autor:Everaert T; Spruyt A; De Houwer J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:To IMPRES or to EXPRES? Exploiting comparative judgments to measure and visualize implicit and explicit preferences.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191302, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We introduce an adaptation of the affect misattribution procedure (AMP), called the implicit preference scale (IMPRES). Participants who complete the IMPRES indicate their preference for one of two, simultaneously presented Chinese ideographs. Each ideograph is preceded by a briefly presented prime stimulus that is irrelevant to the task. Participants are hypothesized to prefer the ideograph that is preceded by the prime they prefer. In the present research, the IMPRES was designed to capture racial attitudes (preferences for white versus black faces) and age-related attitudes (preferences for young versus old faces). Results suggest that (a) the reliability of the IMPRES is similar (or even better) than the reliability of the AMP and (b) that the IMPRES and the AMP correlate significantly. However, neither the AMP nor the IMPRES were found to predict attitude-related outcome behavior (i.e., the preparedness to donate money to a charity benefiting ethnic minorities vs. the elderly). Further research is thus necessary to establish the validity of the IMPRES. Finally, we demonstrated that, unlike the AMP, the IMPRES allows for an in-depth assessment of unanticipated response patterns and/or extreme observations using multidimensional scaling algorithms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento
Julgamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude
Face
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Racismo/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191302


  6 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770622
[Au] Autor:Mitchell TV
[Ad] Endereço:Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA; Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, USA. Electronic address: teresa.mitchell@umassmed.edu.
[Ti] Título:Category selectivity of the N170 and the role of expertise in deaf signers.
[So] Source:Hear Res;343:150-161, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5891
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deafness is known to affect processing of visual motion and information in the visual periphery, as well as the neural substrates for these domains. This study was designed to characterize the effects of early deafness and lifelong sign language use on visual category sensitivity of the N170 event-related potential. Images from nine categories of visual forms including upright faces, inverted faces, and hands were presented to twelve typically hearing adults and twelve adult congenitally deaf signers. Classic N170 category sensitivity was observed in both participant groups, whereby faces elicited larger amplitudes than all other visual categories, and inverted faces elicited larger amplitudes and slower latencies than upright faces. In hearing adults, hands elicited a right hemispheric asymmetry while in deaf signers this category elicited a left hemispheric asymmetry. Pilot data from five hearing native signers suggests that this effect is due to lifelong use of American Sign Language rather than auditory deprivation itself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surdez/reabilitação
Potenciais Evocados Visuais
Percepção de Movimento
Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/reabilitação
Linguagem de Sinais
Percepção Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Surdez/fisiopatologia
Surdez/psicologia
Eletroencefalografia
Face
Feminino
Lateralidade Funcional
Mãos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pessoas com Deficiência Auditiva/psicologia
Estimulação Luminosa
Projetos Piloto
Tempo de Reação
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384737
[Au] Autor:Rezende Machado AL; Dezem TU; Bruni AT; Alves da Silva RH
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto, Curso de Graduação em Odontologia (Iniciação Científica), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Age estimation by facial analysis based on applications available for smartphones.
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):61-70, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Forensic Dentistry has an important role in the human identification cases and, among the analyses that can be performed, age estimation has an important value in establishing an anthropological profile. Modern technology invests for new mechanisms of age estimation: software apps, based on special algorithms, because there is not interference based on personal knowledge, cultural and personal experiences for facial recognition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research evaluated the use of two different apps: "How Old Do I Look? - Age Camera" and "How Old Am I? - Age Camera, Do You Look Like in Selfie Face Pic?", for age estimation analysis in a sample of 100 people (50 females and 50 males). Univariate and multivariate statistical methods were used to evaluate data. RESULTS: A great reliability was seen when used for the male volunteers. However, for females, no equivalence was found between the real age and the estimated age. CONCLUSION: These applications presented satisfactory results as an auxiliary method, in male images.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face/anatomia & histologia
Aplicativos Móveis
Envelhecimento da Pele
Smartphone
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29293670
[Au] Autor:Wozniak M; Kourtis D; Knoblich G
[Ad] Endereço:Cognition and Philosophy Lab, Department of Philosophy, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Prioritization of arbitrary faces associated to self: An EEG study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190679, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Behavioral and neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that people process preferentially self-related information such as an image of their own face. Furthermore, people rapidly incorporate stimuli into their self-representation even if these stimuli do not have an intrinsic relation to self. In the present study, we investigated the time course of the processes involved in preferential processing of self-related information. In two EEG experiments three unfamiliar faces were identified with verbal labels as either the participant, a friend, or a stranger. Afterwards, participants judged whether two stimuli presented in succession (ISI = 1500ms) matched. In experiment 1, faces were followed by verbal labels and in experiment 2, labels were followed by faces. Both experiments showed the same pattern of behavioral and electrophysiological results. If the first stimulus (face or label) was associated with self, reaction times were faster and the late frontal positivity following the first stimulus was more pronounced. The self-association of the second stimulus (label or face) did not affect response times. However, the central-parietal P3 following presentation of the second stimulus was more pronounced when the second stimulus was preceded by self-related first stimulus. These results indicate that even unfamiliar faces that are associated to self can activate a self-representation. Once the self-representation has been activated the processing of ensuing stimuli is facilitated, irrespective of whether they are associated with the self.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletroencefalografia/métodos
Face
Estimulação Luminosa/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190679


  9 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29258113
[Au] Autor:Silipigni R; Monfrini E; Baccarin M; Giangiobbe S; Lalatta F; Guerneri S; Bedeschi MF
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Familial Duplication/Deletion of 1q42.13q43 as Meiotic Consequence of an Intrachromosomal Insertion in Chromosome 1.
[So] Source:Cytogenet Genome Res;153(2):73-80, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1424-859X
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rearrangements of the region 1q42.13q43 are rare, with only 7 cases reported to date. The imbalances described are usually the result of inherited translocations with other chromosomes. Moreover, few cases of both inter- and intrachromosomal deletions/duplications detected cytogenetically have been described. We report the molecular cytogenetic characterization of an inverted insertion involving the region 1q42.13q43 and segregating in 2 generations of a family. The deletion and the duplication of the same segment were detected in 2 affected family members. SNP array analysis showed the familial origin of the deletion/duplication due to the occurrence of a crossing-over during meiosis. Our report underlines the importance of determining the correct origin of chromosomal aberrations using different molecular cytogenetic tests in order to provide a good estimation of the reproductive risk for the members of the family.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética
Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/genética
Troca Genética
Genes Duplicados
Meiose
Mutagênese Insercional
Deleção de Sequência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Cromossomos Humanos Par 1/ultraestrutura
Hibridização Genômica Comparativa
Face/anormalidades
Feminino
Aconselhamento Genético
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Deficiência Intelectual/genética
Masculino
Miringoesclerose/genética
Linhagem
Fenótipo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Quadriplegia/genética
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000485226


  10 / 33419 MEDLINE  
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Melaragno, Maria Isabel
Texto completo
[PMID]:29258104
[Au] Autor:Malinverni ACM; Yamashiro Coelho ÉM; Chen K; Colovati ME; Soares Pinho Cernach MC; Bragagnolo S; Melaragno MI
[Ad] Endereço:Genetics Division, Department of Morphology and Genetics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Deletion 21pterq22.11: Report of a Patient with Dysmorphic Features, Hypertonia, and Café-au-Lait Macules and Review of the Literature.
[So] Source:Cytogenet Genome Res;153(2):81-85, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1424-859X
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Partial monosomy 21 results in a great variability of clinical features that may be associated with the size and location of the deletion. In this study, we report a 22-month-old girl who showed a 45,XX,add(12)(p13)dn,-21 karyotype. The final cytogenomic result was 45,XX,der(12)t(12;21)(p13;q22.11) dn,-21.arr[hg19] 21q11.2q22.11(14824453_33868129)×1 revealing a deletion from 21pter to 21q22.11. Clinical manifestation of the patient included hypertonia, a long philtrum, epicanthic folds, low-set ears, and café-au-lait macules - a phenotype considered as mild despite the relatively large size of the deletion compared to patients from the literature.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética
Manchas Café com Leite/genética
Deleção Cromossômica
Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/ultraestrutura
Face/anormalidades
Hipertonia Muscular/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromossomos Humanos Par 21/genética
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética
Feminino
Perda Auditiva Bilateral/genética
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Cariotipagem
Fenótipo
Escoliose/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000485282



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