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  1 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29505541
[Au] Autor:Noh HM; Yoo JH; Jeong JY; Park YS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang.
[Ti] Título:Bone mineral density after treatment for gastric cancer: Endoscopic treatment versus gastrectomy.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(1):e9582, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Changes in bone metabolism among gastric cancer survivors have long been recognized. The aim of our study was to clarify the changes of bone mineral density (BMD) among gastric cancer survivors who underwent endoscopic resection or gastrectomy. Forty-nine patients diagnosed with tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) stage 1 gastric cancer with pathologic confirmation, who underwent BMD measurement just before the procedure, and had no prior osteoporosis treatment, were studied. BMD was measured with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry before and after treatment. Laboratory tests were performed using fresh serum, and serum levels of alkaline phosphatase, albumin, calcium, and phosphorus were measured. We used a nested case-control design to compare groups. Of the 49 patients, 34 underwent gastrectomy and 15 underwent endoscopic treatment. There were no differences in baseline clinical characteristics, including BMD, and biochemical data between groups. The mean and median follow-up intervals for BMD measurement were 32.6 months (standard deviation, 16.5) and 31.0 months (interquartile range: 21.5, 41.0), respectively. The follow-up BMDs of the femoral neck and total hip were lower in the gastrectomy group (P = .010 and .011, respectively). The percentage changes in BMD for the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip were -3.30%, -1.52%, and 0.40%, respectively, in the endoscopic treatment group, and -7.17%, -6.30%, and -3.49%, respectively, in the gastrectomy group. Bone loss of the lumbar spine and femoral neck were greater in the gastrectomy group (P = .028 and .022, respectively). BMD is lower after gastrectomy than after endoscopic treatment among early stage gastric cancer survivors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia
Densidade Óssea
Gastrectomia
Gastroscopia
Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo
Adulto
Idoso
Osso e Ossos/metabolismo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180306
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009582


  2 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446281
[Au] Autor:Shalina TI; Nikolaeva LA; Savchenkov MF; Bykov YN; Manueva RS
[Ti] Título:[Environmental pollution with fluoride compounds and their influence on children health].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1133-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Data of hygienic studies of air and soil during last 20 years have confirmed their correlating relationship with the general morbidity and a group of musculoskeletal diseases in children living in cities with the technogenic pollution of the environment. Their bones were established to grow unevenly and disproportionally, in 76% of children there have been violations in the development and growth of bones. The results of X-ray examination of hand bones in children and adolescents in the Irkutsk and Shelekhov cities are presented. Significant differences in morbidity patterns among children and adolescents including an increased incidence of musculoskeletal diseases by 5.6 in children and by 12 in adolescents have been revealed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Ambiental
Compostos de Flúor
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Desenvolvimento Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos
Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem
Criança
Saúde da Criança/normas
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Pré-Escolar
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Compostos de Flúor/efeitos adversos
Compostos de Flúor/análise
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle
Sibéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Fluorine Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29408856
[Au] Autor:Kimura-Suda H; Takahata M; Ito T; Shimizu T; Kanazawa K; Ota M; Iwasaki N
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Photonics Science, Chitose Institute of Science and Technology, Chitose, Hokkaido, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Quick and easy sample preparation without resin embedding for the bone quality assessment of fresh calcified bone using fourier transform infrared imaging.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0189650, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) imaging is a powerful tool for the assessment of bone quality; however, it requires the preparation of thin bone sections. Conventional poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) embedding for the preparation of sections takes more than two weeks and causes denaturation of the bone. Development of a quick and easy sample preparation technique without denaturation is needed for accurate clinical evaluation of fresh calcified bone using FTIR imaging. Frozen sectioning allows the quick and easy preparation of thin sections without denaturation, but it requires a substrate with good chemical resistance and improved heat shock resistance. Polypropylene (PP) film afforded both good chemical resistance and greater heat shock resistance, and the 4-µm-thick PP film coated with glue was thin enough for the IR beam to pass through it, while the optical anisotropy of infrared bands overlapping with PO43- band was negligible. The bone quality of femoral thin sections prepared by the conventional PMMA embedding and sectioning procedure (RESIN-S) or the newly developed frozen sectioning procedure (FROZEN-S) was evaluated by FTIR imaging. The mineral-to-matrix ratio and crystallinity in the RESIN-S sections were higher than those in the FROZEN-S sections, whereas the carbonate-to-phosphate ratio in the RESIN-S sections was lower than that in the FROZEN-S sections. In RESIN-S, the increased mineral-to-matrix ratio could be caused by dehydration, and the increased crystallinity and decreased carbonate-to-phosphate ratio might be consequence of dissolution of bone mineral during PMMA embedding. Therefore, the combined use of PP film coated with glue and the frozen sectioning procedure without denaturation appears well suited to the assessment of the bone quality of fresh calcified bone using FTIR imaging.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem
Calcificação Fisiológica
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcenos
Animais
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
Polimetil Metacrilato
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkenes); 9011-14-7 (Polymethyl Methacrylate); AUG1H506LY (propylene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189650


  4 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381718
[Au] Autor:Sasaki M; Chubachi S; Kameyama N; Sato M; Haraguchi M; Miyazaki M; Takahashi S; Nakano T; Kuroda Y; Betsuyaku T; Matsuo K
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Effects of long-term cigarette smoke exposure on bone metabolism, structure, and quality in a mouse model of emphysema.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191611, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Smoking is a common risk factor for both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and osteoporosis. In patients with COPD, severe emphysema is a risk factor for vertebral fracture; however, the effects of smoking or emphysema on bone health remain largely unknown. We report bone deterioration in a mouse model of emphysema induced by nose-only cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. Unexpectedly, short-term exposure for 4-weeks decreased bone turnover and increased bone volume in mice. However, prolonged exposure for 20- and 40-weeks reversed the effects from suppression to promotion of bone resorption. This long-term CS exposure increased osteoclast number and impaired bone growth, while it increased bone volume. Strikingly, long-term CS exposure deteriorated bone quality of the lumbar vertebrae as illustrated by disorientation of collagen fibers and the biological apatite c-axis. This animal model may provide a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying the deterioration of bone quality in pulmonary emphysema caused by smoking.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso e Ossos/metabolismo
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Enfisema/metabolismo
Fumaça
Produtos do Tabaco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Remodelação Óssea
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Smoke)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191611


  5 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29373588
[Au] Autor:Muszynski S; Tomaszewska E; Kwiecien M; Dobrowolski P; Tomczyk-Warunek A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physics, Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Subsequent somatic axis and bone tissue metabolism responses to a low-zinc diet with or without phytase inclusion in broiler chickens.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191964, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Zinc is required for normal bone development and cartilage formation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of with adding organic Zn (alone or phytase inclusion) at the reduced dose to growing male Ross 308 chickens on somatic axis and bone tissue metabolism. 200 one-day old broilers were divided into the negative control group fed diet without Zn or phytase inclusion, positive control group receiving Zn in the 100% of daily recommended dose from ZnO, and two experimental groups fed diet introduced Zn in 25% of daily recommendation as a glycine chelate (Zn-Gly) with or without phytase inclusion (500 FTU·kg-1). Supplemental organic Zn increased bone Zn and Mg content, serum IGF-1, growth hormone and leptin concentration. Additional phytase inclusion increased body weight gain, blood plasma Ca, Fe, Zn and osteocalcin concentration and tibia ash percentage when compared to the Zn-deprived control. Bone geometry, yield and ultimate strengths were enhanced in both organic Zn supplemented groups, and the overall mechanical strength parameters of bone were better in these groups than in the positive control group supplemented with standard dose of inorganic Zn. Also marked improvements in the thickness of articular and the growth plate cartilages as well as real bone volume and thickness of metaphyseal trabeculae were achieved in all broilers fed Zn-supplemented diet irrespective of phytase inclusion, however, the highest cancellous bone mass and the best trabecular structure were noted after ZnO supplementation. In concludion, although dietary organic Zn given to growing broilers in 25% of daily recommended dose improved general bone properties and mechanical strength, the obtained results do not allow to unambiguously state that organic Zn supplementation at this level, even after phytase inclusion, is sufficient for proper bone development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: 6-Fitase/metabolismo
Osso e Ossos/metabolismo
Zinco/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Galinhas
Hormônio do Crescimento/metabolismo
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo
Leptina/metabolismo
Magnésio/metabolismo
Masculino
Zinco/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Leptin); 67763-96-6 (Insulin-Like Growth Factor I); 9002-72-6 (Growth Hormone); EC 3.1.3.26 (6-Phytase); I38ZP9992A (Magnesium); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191964


  6 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29238193
[Au] Autor:Mahmood SK; Razak IA; Ghaji MS; Yusof LM; Mahmood ZK; Rameli MABP; Zakaria ZAB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Preclinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:In vivo evaluation of a novel nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold in a rabbit model: histological analysis.
[So] Source:Int J Nanomedicine;12:8587-8598, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1178-2013
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The healing of load-bearing segmental defects in long bones is a challenge due to the complex nature of the weight that affects the bone part and due to bending, shearing, axial, and torsional forces. An innovative porous 3D scaffolds implant of CaCO aragonite nanocomposite derived from cockle shell was advanced for substitute bone solely for load-bearing cases. The biomechanical characteristics of such materials were designed to withstand cortical bone strength. In promoting bone growth to the implant material, an ideal surface permeability was formed by means of freeze drying and by adding copolymers to the materials. The properties of coating and copolymers supplement were also assessed for bone-implant connection resolutions. To examine the properties of the material in advanced biological system, an experimental trial in an animal model was carried out. Critical sized defect of bone was created in rabbit's radial bone to assess the material for a load-bearing application with a short and extended period assessment with histological evaluation of the incorporated implanted material to the bone of the host. Trials in animal models proved that the material has the capability of enduring load-bearing conditions for long-term use devoid of breaking or generating stress that affects the host bone. Histological examination further confirmed the improved integration of the implanted materials to the host bone with profound bone development into and also above the implanted scaffold, which was attained with negligible reaction of the tissues to a foreign implanted material.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Regeneração Óssea
Substitutos Ósseos
Nanocompostos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Osso e Ossos/fisiologia
Osso e Ossos/cirurgia
Masculino
Teste de Materiais
Porosidade
Coelhos
Tecidos Suporte
Suporte de Carga
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bone Substitutes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2147/IJN.S145663


  7 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28462906
[Au] Autor:Zhang T; Zhang H; Zhang L; Jia S; Liu J; Xiong Z; Sun W
[Ad] Endereço:Biomanufacturing Center, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China. Biomanufacturing and Rapid Forming Technology Key Laboratory of Beijing, Beijing 100084, People's Republic of China. 'Biomanufacturing and Engineering Living Systems' Innovation International Talents Base (111 Base), Beijing, 100084, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Biomimetic design and fabrication of multilayered osteochondral scaffolds by low-temperature deposition manufacturing and thermal-induced phase-separation techniques.
[So] Source:Biofabrication;9(2):025021, 2017 May 23.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5090
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Integrative osteochondral repair is a useful strategy for cartilage-defect repair. To mimic the microenvironment, it is necessary that scaffolds effectively mimic the extracellular matrix of natural cartilage and subchondral bone. In this study, biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds containing an oriented cartilage layer, a compact layer, and a three-dimensional (3D)-printed core-sheath structured-bone layer were developed. The oriented cartilage layer was designed to mimic the structural and material characteristics of native cartilage tissue and was fabricated with cartilage matrix-chitosan materials, using thermal-induced phase-separation technology. The 3D-printed core-sheath structured-bone layer was fabricated with poly(L-lactide-co-glycolide)/ß-tricalcium phosphate-collagen materials by low-temperature deposition technology, using a specially designed core-sheath nozzle, and was designed to mimic the mechanical characteristics of subchondral bone and improve scaffold hydrophilicity. The compact layer was designed to mimic the calcified-layer structure of natural cartilage to ensure the presence of different suitable microenvironments for the regeneration of bone and cartilage. A dissolving-bonding process was developed to effectively combine the three parts together, after which the bone and cartilage scaffolds exhibited good mechanical properties and hydrophilicity. Additionally, goat autologous bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were isolated and then seeded into the bone and cartilage layers, respectively, and following a 1 week culture in vitro, the BMSC-scaffold constructs were implanted into a goat articular-defect model. Our results indicated that the scaffolds exhibited good biocompatibility, and 24 weeks after implantation, the femoral condyle surface was relatively flat and consisted of a large quantity of hyaloid cartilage. Furthermore, histological staining revealed regenerated trabecular bone formed in the subchondral bone-defect area. These results provided a new method to fabricate biomimetic osteochondral scaffolds and demonstrated their effectiveness for future clinical applications in cartilage-defect repair.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomimética/métodos
Osso e Ossos/citologia
Cartilagem Articular/citologia
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/citologia
Temperatura Ambiente
Tecidos Suporte/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Cartilagem Articular/fisiologia
Cartilagem Articular/ultraestrutura
Forma Celular
Módulo de Elasticidade
Cabras
Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas
Regeneração
Cicatrização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1088/1758-5090/aa7078


  8 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29191879
[Au] Autor:Engblom C; Pfirschke C; Zilionis R; Da Silva Martins J; Bos SA; Courties G; Rickelt S; Severe N; Baryawno N; Faget J; Savova V; Zemmour D; Kline J; Siwicki M; Garris C; Pucci F; Liao HW; Lin YJ; Newton A; Yaghi OK; Iwamoto Y; Tricot B; Wojtkiewicz GR; Nahrendorf M; Cortez-Retamozo V; Meylan E; Hynes RO; Demay M; Klein A; Bredella MA; Scadden DT; Weissleder R; Pittet MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Systems Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital Research Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
[Ti] Título:Osteoblasts remotely supply lung tumors with cancer-promoting SiglecF neutrophils.
[So] Source:Science;358(6367), 2017 12 01.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bone marrow-derived myeloid cells can accumulate within tumors and foster cancer outgrowth. Local immune-neoplastic interactions have been intensively investigated, but the contribution of the systemic host environment to tumor growth remains poorly understood. Here, we show in mice and cancer patients ( = 70) that lung adenocarcinomas increase bone stromal activity in the absence of bone metastasis. Animal studies reveal that the cancer-induced bone phenotype involves bone-resident osteocalcin-expressing (Ocn ) osteoblastic cells. These cells promote cancer by remotely supplying a distinct subset of tumor-infiltrating SiglecF neutrophils, which exhibit cancer-promoting properties. Experimentally reducing Ocn cell numbers suppresses the neutrophil response and lung tumor outgrowth. These observations posit osteoblasts as remote regulators of lung cancer and identify SiglecF neutrophils as myeloid cell effectors of the osteoblast-driven protumoral response.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adenocarcinoma/patologia
Antígenos CD/metabolismo
Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo
Osso e Ossos/patologia
Lectinas/metabolismo
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia
Infiltração de Neutrófilos
Neutrófilos/metabolismo
Neutrófilos/patologia
Osteoblastos/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Densidade Óssea
Células da Medula Óssea/patologia
Osso e Ossos/metabolismo
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Seres Humanos
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Células Mieloides/patologia
Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia
Osteocalcina/metabolismo
Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, CD); 0 (Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic); 0 (Lectins); 0 (Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products); 0 (SIGLEC5 protein, human); 0 (sRAGE protein, human); 104982-03-8 (Osteocalcin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231012
[Au] Autor:Miao CY; Xu L; Wang N; Zhang M; Li YS; Lü JX
[Ad] Endereço:Dongcheng Branch of Beijing Public Security Bureau, Beijing 100061, China.
[Ti] Título:[Progress in Application of Measuring Skeleton by CT in Forensic Anthropology Research].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):58-61, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Individual identification by measuring the human skeleton is an important research in the field of forensic anthropology. Computed tomography (CT) technology can provide high-resolution image of skeleton. Skeleton image can be reformed by software in the post-processing workstation. Different skeleton measurement indexes of anthropology, such as diameter, angle, area and volume, can be measured on section and reformative images. Measurement process is barely affected by human factors. This paper reviews the literatures at home and abroad about the application of measuring skeleton by CT in forensic anthropology research for individual identification in four aspects, including sex determination, height infer, facial soft tissue thickness measurement and age estimation. The major technology and the application of CT in forensic anthropology research are compared and discussed, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto
Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem
Antropologia Forense/métodos
Análise para Determinação do Sexo
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Forense/tendências
Seres Humanos
Software
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.014


  10 / 71426 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29335537
[Au] Autor:Hu D; Clarke JA; Eliason CM; Qiu R; Li Q; Shawkey MD; Zhao C; D'Alba L; Jiang J; Xu X
[Ad] Endereço:Shenyang Normal University, Paleontological Museum of Liaoning, Key Laboratory for Evolution of Past Life in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and Resources, 253 North Huanghe Street, 110034, Shenyang, China. hudongyu@synu.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:A bony-crested Jurassic dinosaur with evidence of iridescent plumage highlights complexity in early paravian evolution.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):217, 2018 01 15.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Jurassic Yanliao theropods have offered rare glimpses of the early paravian evolution and particularly of bird origins, but, with the exception of the bizarre scansoriopterygids, they have shown similar skeletal and integumentary morphologies. Here we report a distinctive new Yanliao theropod species bearing prominent lacrimal crests, bony ornaments previously known from more basal theropods. It shows longer arm and leg feathers than Anchiornis and tail feathers with asymmetrical vanes forming a tail surface area even larger than that in Archaeopteryx. Nanostructures, interpreted as melanosomes, are morphologically similar to organized, platelet-shaped organelles that produce bright iridescent colours in extant birds. The new species indicates the presence of bony ornaments, feather colour and flight-related features consistent with proposed rapid character evolution and significant diversity in signalling and locomotor strategies near bird origins.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/anatomia & histologia
Osso e Ossos/anatomia & histologia
Dinossauros/anatomia & histologia
Plumas/anatomia & histologia
Fósseis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Cor
Voo Animal
Melanossomas
Asas de Animais/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02515-y



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