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[PMID]:28418276
[Au] Autor:Lee SY; Niikura T; Iwakura T; Sakai Y; Kuroda R; Kurosaka M
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Thrombin-antithrombin III complex tests.
[So] Source:J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong);25(1):170840616684501, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:2309-4990
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Patients with fractures of the pelvis and/or lower extremities are at a high risk of developing postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). The purpose of this study was to determine whether the thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) tests could be used for postoperative screening of VTE in patients with lower limb or pelvic fractures. METHODS: We enrolled 133 patients who underwent surgical treatment for fracture of the pelvis or lower extremities. TAT and D-dimer levels were compared in patients with and without VTE. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was done and the appropriate TAT and D-dimer cutoff levels were determined for VTE screening. RESULTS: VTE was diagnosed in 41 patients (30.8%). Patients with VTE had significantly higher levels of TAT and D-dimer on postoperative days 1, 3, and 7 than those without VTE, respectively. ROC curve analysis suggested that TAT test at postoperative day 7 had the highest accuracy for predicting postoperative VTE. With the optimal cutoff TAT level of 3.0 ng/mL, sensitivity and specificity were 93.3% and 70.1%, respectively. With the optimal cutoff D-dimer level of 7.4 µg/mL, sensitivity and specificity were 93.3% and 57.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: TAT levels measured at postoperative day 7 could be the most useful parameter for screening postoperative VTE. TAT can be used as a screening tool for screening postoperative VTE in patients with lower limb and pelvic fractures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/lesões
Fixação Interna de Fraturas/efeitos adversos
Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia
Peptídeo Hidrolases/sangue
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue
Tromboembolia Venosa/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Antitrombina III
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo
Fraturas Ósseas/sangue
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico
Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products); 0 (antithrombin III-protease complex); 0 (fibrin fragment D); 9000-94-6 (Antithrombin III); EC 3.4.- (Peptide Hydrolases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170531
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170531
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0170840616684501


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[PMID]:28336039
[Au] Autor:Koury KL; Hwang JS; Sirkin M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics, Complex Fractures, Nonunions and Osteomyelitis, University Physician Associates, North Jersey Orthopaedic Institute, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 140 Bergen Street, Suite D1610, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.
[Ti] Título:The Antibiotic Nail in the Treatment of Long Bone Infection: Technique and Results.
[So] Source:Orthop Clin North Am;48(2):155-165, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1558-1373
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Antibiotic cement nails provide a useful and relatively simple technique to treat intramedullary osteomyelitis of the long bones. These devices provide stability as well as local, targeted antibiotics, which are both critical aspects of osteomyelitis management. Additionally, the use of a threaded core is a critical component of successful cement nail assembly. With adherence to the simple principles outlined in this review, surgeons can expect reliably good results using these drug-delivery implants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem
Pinos Ortopédicos
Ossos da Extremidade Inferior
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas
Osteomielite
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/microbiologia
Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/patologia
Vias de Administração de Medicamentos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/instrumentação
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos
Seres Humanos
Osteomielite/diagnóstico
Osteomielite/terapia
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170418
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170418
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170325
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28089359
[Au] Autor:Mait AR; Mane A; Forman JL; Donlon JP; Nie B; Kent RW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Virginia, Center for Applied Biomechanics, 4040 Lewis and Clark Drive, Charlottesville, VA 22911, USA. Electronic address: arm7sb@virginia.edu.
[Ti] Título:Transient and long-time kinetic responses of the cadaveric leg during internal and external foot rotation.
[So] Source:J Biomech;53:196-200, 2017 Feb 28.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2380
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this study was to determine the long-time and transient characteristics of the moment generated by external (ER) and internal (IR) rotation of the calcaneus with respect to the tibia. Two human cadaver legs were disarticulated at the knee joint while maintaining the connective tissue between the tibia and fibula. An axial rotation of 21° was applied to the proximal tibia to generate either ER or IR while the fibula was unconstrained and the calcaneus was permitted to translate in the transverse plane. These boundary conditions were intended to allow natural motion of the fibula and for the effective applied axis of rotation to move relative to the ankle and subtalar joints based on natural articular motions among the tibia, fibula, talus, and calcaneus. A load cell at the proximal tibia measured all components of force and moment. A quasi-linear model of the moment along the tibia axis was developed to determine the transient and long-time loads generated by this ER/IR. Initially neutral, everted, inverted, dorsiflexed, and plantarflexed foot orientations were tested. For the neutral position, the transient elastic moment was 16.5N-m for one specimen and 30.3N-m for the other in ER with 26.3 and 32.1N-m in IR. The long-time moments were 5.5 and 13.2N-m (ER) and 9.0 and 9.5N-m (IR). These loads were found to be transient over time similar to previous studies on other biological structures where the moment relaxed as time progressed after the initial ramp in rotation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia
/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Articulação do Tornozelo/fisiologia
Cadáver
Seres Humanos
Cinética
Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Amplitude de Movimento Articular
Rotação
Articulação Talocalcânea/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170117
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27350329
[Au] Autor:Amson E; Kolb C
[Ad] Endereço:Paläontologisches Institut und Museum der Universität Zürich, Karl-Schmid-Strasse 4, CH-8006, Zürich, Switzerland. eli.amson@pim.uzh.ch.
[Ti] Título:Scaling effect on the mid-diaphysis properties of long bones-the case of the Cervidae (deer).
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;103(7-8):58, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:How skeletal elements scale to size is a fundamental question in biology. While the external shape of long bones was intensively studied, an important component of their organization is also found in their less accessible inner structure. Here, we studied mid-diaphyseal properties of limb long bones, characterizing notably the thickness of their cortices (bone walls), in order to test whether body size directly influences bone inner organization. Previous examinations of scaling in long bones used broad samplings to encompass a wide range of body sizes. To account for the effect of confounding factors related to different lifestyles, we focused our comprehensive sampling on a mammalian clade that comprises various body sizes but a relatively uniform lifestyle, the Cervidae. Positive allometry was found in femoral cross-sectional shape, indicating greater directional bending rigidity in large-sized taxa. None of the compactness parameters scaled allometrically in any of their bones. The cortices of sampled zeugopodial bones (tibia and radius) were found as significantly thicker than those of stylopodial bones (femur and humerus). Furthermore, while the mean relative cortical thickness values for both stylopodial and zeugopodial bones are close to mass-saving optima, the variance for the stylopodial bones is significantly lower. This suggests that mass saving is less intensively selected in zeugopodial bones. Finally, the long-legged Elk (Alces) and the short-legged dwarf Cretan deer (Candiacervus) featured rather thin and thick cortices, respectively, suggesting that the acquisition of a different limb proportion is accompanied by a modification of the relative mid-diaphyseal cortical thickness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/anatomia & histologia
Ossos da Extremidade Superior/anatomia & histologia
Cervos/anatomia & histologia
Cervos/fisiologia
Diáfises/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tamanho Corporal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-016-1379-7


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[PMID]:27260175
[Au] Autor:Jabbour RS; Pearman TL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Saint Mary's College of California, 1928 Saint Mary's Road, Moraga, CA 94575, USA. Electronic address: rsj2@stmarys-ca.edu.
[Ti] Título:Geographic variation in gorilla limb bones.
[So] Source:J Hum Evol;95:68-79, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8606
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gorilla systematics has received increased attention over recent decades from primatologists, conservationists, and paleontologists. Studies of geographic variation in DNA, skulls, and teeth have led to new taxonomic proposals, such as recognition of two gorilla species, Gorilla gorilla (western gorilla) and Gorilla beringei (eastern gorilla). Postcranial differences between mountain gorillas (G. beringei beringei) and western lowland gorillas (G. g. gorilla) have a long history of study, but differences between the limb bones of the eastern and western species have not yet been examined with an emphasis on geographic variation within each species. In addition, proposals for recognition of the Cross River gorilla as Gorilla gorilla diehli and gorillas from Tshiaberimu and Kahuzi as G. b. rex-pymaeorum have not been evaluated in the context of geographic variation in the forelimb and hindlimb skeletons. Forty-three linear measurements were collected from limb bones of 266 adult gorillas representing populations of G. b. beringei, Gorilla beringei graueri, G. g. gorilla, and G. g. diehli in order to investigate geographic diversity. Skeletal elements included the humerus, radius, third metacarpal, third proximal hand phalanx, femur, tibia, calcaneus, first metatarsal, third metatarsal, and third proximal foot phalanx. Comparisons of means and principal components analyses clearly differentiate eastern and western gorillas, indicating that eastern gorillas have absolutely and relatively smaller hands and feet, among other differences. Gorilla subspecies and populations cluster consistently by species, although G. g. diehli may be similar to the eastern gorillas in having small hands and feet. The subspecies of G. beringei are distinguished less strongly and by different variables than the two gorilla species. Populations of G. b. graueri are variable, and Kahuzi and Tshiaberimu specimens do not cluster together. Results support the possible influence of higher-altitude Pleistocene refugia on patterns of geographic variation in gorillas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/anatomia & histologia
Ossos da Extremidade Superior/anatomia & histologia
Gorilla gorilla/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Gorilla gorilla/classificação
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160605
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27055382
[Au] Autor:van Delft-Schreurs CC; van Son MA; de Jongh MA; Gosens T; Verhofstad MH; de Vries J
[Ad] Endereço:Network Emergency Care Brabant, Elisabeth Twee Steden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands. Electronic address: k.v.delft@elisabeth.nl.
[Ti] Título:Psychometric properties of the Dutch Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) questionnaire in severely injured patients.
[So] Source:Injury;47(9):2034-40, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0267
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: In this cross-sectional study the psychometric properties are examined of the adapted Dutch translation of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) questionnaire in severely injured patients (ISS>15). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients (N=173) completed the SMFA, the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), the Dutch Impact of Event Scale (IES), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Cognitive Failure Questionnaire (CFQ). The Abbreviated Injury Score and the Injury Severity Score were established to determine the injured body area and the severity of the injuries. Exploratory factor analysis (method: PAF) was performed. Correlations were calculated between our SMFA factors and scores on the WHOQOL-BREF, IES, HADS and CFQ. The SMFA scores of the factors Upper extremity dysfunction and Lower extremity dysfunction were compared between subgroups of patients with and without injuries in respectively the upper extremities and the lower extremities. For responsiveness analysis, data were compared with the baseline SMFA measurement of a reference group. RESULTS: A three-factor structure was found: Lower extremity dysfunction, Upper extremity dysfunction, and Emotion. Strong correlations between the SMFA and the other questionnaires were found. Patients with injury of the lower extremities had significantly higher scores on the factor Lower extremity dysfunction than patients without injury of the lower extremities (p=0.017). In none of the factors, a significant difference in mean scores was found between patients with and without injury of the upper extremities. Severely injured patients had significantly higher SMFA scores than the reference group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The adapted Dutch translation of the SMFA showed good psychometric properties in severely injured patients. It appeared to be useful to get a general overview of patients' Health Status as well as patients' Health Related Quality Of Life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/lesões
Ossos da Extremidade Superior/lesões
Fraturas Ósseas/psicologia
Traumatismo Múltiplo/psicologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos Transversais
Avaliação da Deficiência
Feminino
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico
Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Traumatismo Múltiplo/epidemiologia
Traumatismo Múltiplo/terapia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia
Países Baixos/epidemiologia
Psicometria
Qualidade de Vida
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160409
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26874090
[Au] Autor:Chalupa RL; Aberle C; Johnson AE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Brooke Army Medical Center, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
[Ti] Título:Observed Rates of Lower Extremity Stress Fractures After Implementation of the Army Physical Readiness Training Program at JBSA Fort Sam Houston.
[So] Source:US Army Med Dep J;:6-9, 2016 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1524-0436
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Millions of dollars are lost each year to the US military in medical discharges from injuries sustained in the initial training of recruits. Most medical discharges in recruits are related to musculoskeletal overuse injuries, including stress fractures. Any strategies that can reduce injury rates are also likely to reduce rates of medical discharge. This study evaluated the Army Physical Readiness Training (PRT) program which was established to provide a method of physical fitness training that would reduce the number of preventable injuries. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the number of lower extremity stress fractures that were diagnosed in the 6 months prior to and 6 months following the implementation of the PRT program. Electronic medical records were queried for specific diagnoses of stress fractures to the pelvis, femoral neck, femoral shaft, tibia, fibula, tarsals and metatarsals. The observed number of diagnoses in each time period were compared using the χ² method. Decrease was shown not only in the overall occurrence of stress fractures, but specifically in the occurrence of stress fractures of the femoral neck, femoral shaft, and tarsals. Our study was able to show a correlation between the PRT program and a decrease in the observed occurrence of lower extremity stress fractures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/lesões
Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/epidemiologia
Fraturas de Estresse/epidemiologia
Militares
Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/prevenção & controle
Fraturas de Estresse/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Aptidão Física
Projetos Piloto
Estudos Retrospectivos
Texas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26616181
[Au] Autor:Tenforde AS; Kraus E; Fredericson M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Harvard Medical School, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Spaulding National Running Center, 1575 Cambridge St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
[Ti] Título:Bone Stress Injuries in Runners.
[So] Source:Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am;27(1):139-49, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1558-1381
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bone stress injuries (BSIs) are common running injuries and may occur at a rate of 20% annually. Both biological and biomechanical risk factors contribute to BSI. Evaluation of a runner with suspected BSI includes completing an appropriate history and physical examination. MRI grading classification for BSI has been proposed and may guide return to play. Management includes activity modification, optimizing nutrition, and addressing risk factors, including the female athlete triad. BSI prevention strategies include screening for risk factors during preparticipation evaluations, optimizing nutrition (including adequate caloric intake, calcium, and vitamin D), and promoting ball sports during childhood and adolescence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/lesões
Traumatismos da Perna/diagnóstico
Traumatismos da Perna/terapia
Corrida/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Fraturas de Estresse/diagnóstico
Fraturas de Estresse/terapia
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Anamnese
Exame Físico
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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Texto completo
[PMID]:26466354
[Au] Autor:Dewaele L; Tsogtbaatar K; Barsbold R; Garcia G; Stein K; Escuillié F; Godefroit P
[Ad] Endereço:Directorate 'Earth and History of Life', Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, rue Vautier 29, B-1000, Brussels, Belgium; Research Unit Palaeontology, Department Geology and Soil Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Perinatal Specimens of Saurolophus angustirostris (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae), from the Upper Cretaceous of Mongolia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;10(10):e0138806, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation, Gobi Desert, Mongolia has already yielded abundant and complete skeletons of the hadrosaur Saurolophus angustirostris, from half-grown to adult individuals. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Herein we describe perinatal specimens of Saurolophus angustirostris, associated with fragmentary eggshell fragments. The skull length of these babies is around 5% that of the largest known S. angustirostris specimens, so these specimens document the earliest development stages of this giant hadrosaur and bridge a large hiatus in our knowledge of the ontogeny of S. angustirostris. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The studied specimens are likely part of a nest originally located on a riverbank point bar. The perinatal specimens were buried by sediment carried by the river current presumably during the wet summer season. Perinatal bones already displayed diagnostic characters for Saurolophus angustirostris, including premaxillae with a strongly reflected oral margin and upturned premaxillary body in lateral aspect. The absence of a supracranial crest and unfused halves of the cervical neural arches characterize the earliest stages in the ontogeny of S. angustirostris. The eggshell fragments associated with the perinatal individuals can be referred to the Spheroolithus oogenus and closely resemble those found in older formations (e.g. Barun Goyot Fm in Mongolia) or associated with more basal hadrosauroids (Bactrosaurus-Gilmoreosaurus in the Iren Dabasu Fm, Inner Mongolia, China). This observation suggests that the egg microstructure was similar in basal hadrosauroids and more advanced saurolophines. COMPETING INTERESTS: One of the authors (FE) is employed by the commercial organization Eldonia. Eldonia provided support in the form of a salary for FE, but did not have any additional role or influence in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript and it does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/anatomia & histologia
Ossos da Extremidade Superior/anatomia & histologia
Dinossauros/anatomia & histologia
Fósseis
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
Coluna Vertebral/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Animais
Dinossauros/classificação
Casca de Ovo/anatomia & histologia
Sedimentos Geológicos
Mongólia
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151015
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0138806


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[PMID]:26117502
[Au] Autor:Lee UY; Kim IB; Kwak DS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anatomy/Catholic Institute for Applied Anatomy, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-701, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Sex determination using discriminant analysis of upper and lower extremity bones: New approach using the volume and surface area of digital model.
[So] Source:Forensic Sci Int;253:135.e1-4, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6283
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study used 110 CT images taken from donated Korean cadavers to create 3-D models of the following upper and lower limb bones: the clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, hip bone (os coxa), femur, patella (knee cap), tibia, talus, and calcaneus. In addition, the bone volume and surface area were calculated to determine sex differences using discriminant analysis. Significant sex differences were found in all bones with respect to volume and surface area (p<0.01). The order of volume was the same in females and males (femur>hip bone>tibia>humerus>scapula), although the order of surface area was different. The largest surface area in men was the femur and in women was the hip bone (p<0.01). An interesting finding of this study was that the ulna is the bone with the highest accuracy for sex determination (94%). When using the surface area of multiple bones, the maximum accuracy (99.4%) was achieved. The equation was as follows: (discriminant equation of surface area; female<0
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ossos da Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem
Ossos da Extremidade Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
Imagem Tridimensional
Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Análise Discriminante
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
República da Coreia
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150629
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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