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[PMID]:29205005
[Au] Autor:Yu YH; Lei LT; Yang CZ
[Ad] Endereço:Gutian County Public Security Bureau, Gutian 352200, China.
[Ti] Título:[Forensic Analysis of 95 Nasal Bone Fracture Cases Caused by Blunt Instrument].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):353-355, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of nasal bone fracture caused by blunt instrument, including the fracture types, the fracture repair, and the difference of manifestations between X-ray and CT. To provide reference for the identification. METHODS: The information of basic situation, fracture site, injury manner, diagnosis method, expert opinion of 95 adult nasal fracture cases caused by blunt object, which occurred in Gutian county of Fujian province from January 1999 to December 2013, were analyzed by descriptive statistics. The identification conclusions of different injuries were compared according to new and old standards as well. RESULTS: There were total 95 adults including 87 male and 8 female. The fracture site and quantity have significant correlation with the nasal bone anatomical relations and the direction and size of the force. Compound fracture was most common. The fracture that could not be determined by X-ray could be clearly diagnosed by CT examination. According to new and old standards, different fracture types have different identification conclusions. CONCLUSIONS: There are gender differences in nasal bone fracture cases. Larger external force is easy to cause compound fracture. CT examination is significantly better than X-ray examination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso Nasal/lesões
Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Radiografia
Padrões de Referência
Fatores Sexuais
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.009


  2 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468171
[Au] Autor:Hwang K; Yeom SH; Hwang SH
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University School of Medicine †Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Complications of Nasal Bone Fractures.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):803-805, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the treatment of nasal bone fractures. The search terms ("nasal bone fracture" AND complication) and ("nasal bone fracture" AND [anosmia OR olfaction OR olfactory nerve OR smell]) and (anosmia AND ["nasal preparation" OR "nasal antiseptics"]) were used to search PubMed and SCOPUS. Of the 500 titles, 40 full papers were reviewed. One paper was excluded, and 3 mined papers were added. Ultimately, 12 papers were analyzed. The overall deformity rate was 10.4% ±â€Š4.8%. No significant differences were found between patients who underwent closed reduction (14.7% ±â€Š7.3%) and those who underwent open reduction (9.4% ±â€Š4.4%), between those who underwent local anesthesia (5.8% ±â€Š4.5%), and those who underwent general anesthesia (8.8% ±â€Š3.8%), or between those who received timely treatment (5.7%) and those whose treatment was delayed (9.0%). Septal deviation occurred in 10.0% of patients as a sequela of nasal bone fracture. The nasal obstruction rate was 10.5% ±â€Š5.3%. Fewer patients of nasal obstruction occurred in the open reduction patients (6.9% ±â€Š4.4%) than in the closed reduction patients (15.2%). One patient of epiphora and 1 patient of diplopia were reportedAmong the 77 patients with nasal bone fractures, 29 (37.7% ±â€Š11.3%) complained of olfactory disturbances. No significant associations were found between the type of fracture and the presence of olfactory disturbances. It is recommended for providers to explain to patients that approximately one-tenth of nasal bone fractures exhibit deformity, septal deviation, or nasal obstruction after surgery. Surgeons should take considerable care to avoid the olfactory mucosa during reduction surgery.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso Nasal/lesões
Obstrução Nasal/etiologia
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/etiologia
Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia
Redução Aberta/efeitos adversos
Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Osso Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem
Osso Nasal/cirurgia
Obstrução Nasal/diagnóstico
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/diagnóstico
Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico
Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003482


  3 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468166
[Au] Autor:Hwang K; Ki SJ; Ko SH
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Plastic Surgery, Inha University Hospital †Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Etiology of Nasal Bone Fractures.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):785-788, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of the etiology of nasal bone fractures (NBFs).In PubMed (500 titles) and Scopus (272), the search terms "nasal bone fracture" AND "etiology OR cause" were used. Among the 772 titles, 137 were duplicated and excluded. The 552 titles were excluded and 83 abstracts were read. Subsequently, 42 abstracts were excluded and 41 full articles providing data on etiologies of NBFs were reviewed. Finally, 26 papers were incorporated into this analysis.The causes of NBFs were different between adults and children. In adults, the most frequent causes were fights (36.3%), traffic accidents (20.8%), sports (15.3%), and falls (13.4%). In children, the most frequent causes were sports (59.3%), fights (10.8%), traffic accidents (8.3%), collisions (5.0%), and falls (3.3%). It is noticeable that fights, traffic accidents, and falls were more frequent in adults than in children, although sports and collisions were more frequent in children than in adults (P < 0.001). The causes of NBFs varied geographically. Fights were the most frequent cause in Asia (36.7%), South America (46.5%), and Europe (40.8%). In North America, however, traffic accidents were the most frequent cause (33.6%), followed by fights (20.7%) and sports (17.3%). Among the sports injuries, ball-related sports were the most frequent cause (84.2%). Fighting-related sports (6.4%) contributed to relatively small proportion of NBFs.In efforts to prevent NBFs in children, sports injuries should be primarily considered. Restraining devices such as seatbelts are needed to prevent NBFs caused by traffic accidents, especially in North America.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos
Acidentes de Trânsito/estatística & dados numéricos
Traumatismos em Atletas/complicações
Ossos Faciais/lesões
Osso Nasal/lesões
Fraturas Cranianas/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Traumatismos em Atletas/epidemiologia
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Fraturas Cranianas/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003477


  4 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468209
[Au] Autor:Ramdial S; Pillay T; Madaree A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Management of a Large Frontal Encephalocoele With Supraorbital Bar Remodeling and Advancement.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):e251-e254, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Of all the craniofacial abnormalities, facial clefts are the most disfiguring. Facial clefts are classified according to the affected anatomical area as described by Tessier. Through this classification, the location and extent of the cleft can be designated numerically.A 2-month-old male infant was referred to authors' craniofacial unit, from a hospital in a rural province of South Africa, with a problem of a supranasal encephalocoele. Bilateral raised eyebrows were noted as was a right-sided upper lid central third coloboma. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans confirmed the presence of a supranasal encephalocoele with a large frontal bone defect and splayed nasal bones. Bilateral enlarged orbits were noted with tented orbital roofs that we classified as Tessier number 10 facial clefts. The child was booked for an encephalocoele excision and calvarial reconstruction at 4 months of age.As a result of the encephalocoele, the supraorbital bar with its adjacent nasal bones was cleaved in 2, resulting in a significant frontal bone defect. Osteotomies were performed to remove the supraorbital bar and nasal bones from the calvarium. The supraorbital bar segment was remodeled and plated with absorbable poly-L-lactic acid plates. Osteotomies of the nasal bones allowed them to be united centrally, also with absorbable plates. This entire construct was transferred and secured to the calvarium, but in a more caudal position thereby obliterating the frontal bone and Tessier number 10 facial cleft defects with a naturally contoured construct.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia
Anormalidades Craniofaciais/cirurgia
Encefalocele/cirurgia
Osso Frontal/anormalidades
Osso Nasal/anormalidades
Órbita/anormalidades
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Placas Ósseas
Osso Frontal/cirurgia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Osso Nasal/cirurgia
Órbita/cirurgia
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003474


  5 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468188
[Au] Autor:Kim ST; Jung JH; Kang IG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, Incheon, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Is Surgical Navigation Useful During Closed Reduction of Nasal Bone Fractures?
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):e208-e210, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a 42-year-old woman with a nasal bone fracture that was easily treated using a surgical navigation system. METHODS: In this clinical report, the authors suggest that intraoperative surgical navigation systems are useful diagnostically and for localizing sites of nasal bone fractures exactly. RESULTS: The patient underwent successful closed reduction of the nasal bone fracture. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical navigation is a useful tool for identifying nasal bone fracture locations and for guiding closed reduction. Surgical navigation is recommended when nasal bone fractures are complicated or not well reduced using the ordinary method.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Redução Fechada/métodos
Osso Nasal/lesões
Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia
Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/instrumentação
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Endoscopia
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Osso Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem
Osso Nasal/cirurgia
Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003564


  6 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28877528
[Au] Autor:Savasta S; Carlone G; Castagnoli R; Chiappe F; Bassanese F; Piras R; Salpietro V; Brazzelli V; Verrotti A; Marseglia GL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Fondazione Policlinico San Matteo IRCCS, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
[Ti] Título:X-Linked Hypohidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia: New Features and a Novel EDA Gene Mutation.
[So] Source:Cytogenet Genome Res;152(3):111-116, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1424-859X
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We described a 5-year-old male with hypodontia, hypohidrosis, and facial dysmorphisms characterized by a depressed nasal bridge, maxillary hypoplasia, and protuberant lips. Chromosomal analysis revealed a normal 46,XY male karyotype. Due to the presence of clinical features of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED), the EDA gene, located at Xq12q13.1, of the patient and his family was sequenced. Analysis of the proband's sequence revealed a missense mutation (T to A transversion) in hemizygosity state at nucleotide position 158 in exon 1 of the EDA gene, which changes codon 53 from leucine to histidine, while heterozygosity at this position was detected in the slightly affected mother; moreover, this mutation was not found in the publically available Human Gene Mutation Database. To date, our findings indicate that a novel mutation in EDA is associated with X-linked HED, adding it to the repertoire of EDA mutations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/genética
Ectodisplasinas/genética
Mutação de Sentido Incorreto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Substituição de Aminoácidos
Anodontia/genética
Anodontia/patologia
Pré-Escolar
Códon
Análise Mutacional de DNA
Displasia Ectodérmica Anidrótica Tipo 1/patologia
Feminino
Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X
Hemizigoto
Heterozigoto
Histidina/genética
Seres Humanos
Hipo-Hidrose/genética
Hipo-Hidrose/patologia
Leucina/genética
Lábio/anormalidades
Masculino
Maxila/anormalidades
Osso Nasal/anormalidades
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Codon); 0 (EDA protein, human); 0 (Ectodysplasins); 4QD397987E (Histidine); GMW67QNF9C (Leucine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000478922


  7 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28552270
[Au] Autor:Caglar B; Serin S; Akay S; Yilmaz G; Torun A; Adibelli ZH; Parlak I
[Ad] Endereço:Emergency Medicine Clinic, Elazig Training and Research Hospital, Elazig, Turkey. Electronic address: mail@bahadircaglar.com.
[Ti] Título:The accuracy of bedside USG in the diagnosis of nasal fractures.
[So] Source:Am J Emerg Med;35(11):1653-1656, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8171
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A comparison of the sensitivity and specificity of bedside ultrasonography with conventional radiography for the evaluation of nasal fractures. INTRODUCTION - PURPOSE: There is increasing use of ultrasonography in the Emergency Dept (ED) and other areas. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of bedside ultrasonography with conventional radiographs in the evaluation of nasal fractures in the ED. METHOD: Patients admitted to ED with maxillofacial trauma were evaluated in this prospective study. Ultrasonography scans of the patients were taken by the emergency physician at the bedside. The images were obtained from both laterals and parallel to the nasal dorsum. The nasal radiography scans were evaluated by an experienced radiologist blinded to the study. The ultrasonography and radiography results were compared statistically. RESULTS: The study included 103 patients. In showing the presence of nasal fracture, the sensitivity of ultrasonography was determined to be 84.8% (95% CI 71.13%-93.66%), specificity was 93.0% (95% CI 83.00%-98.05%), positive predictive value (PPV) was 90.7% (95% CI 77.86%-97.41%), negative predictive value (NPV) was 88.3% (95% CI 77.43%-95.18%). CONCLUSION: Ultrasonography can be used in ED as an alternative method to conventional radiography with high rates of sensitivity and specificity in the evaluation of nasal fractures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos Faciais/diagnóstico por imagem
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem
Osso Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes por Quedas
Acidentes de Trânsito
Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Osso Nasal/lesões
Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Estudos Prospectivos
Radiografia
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Ultrassonografia
Violência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170530
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28486143
[Au] Autor:Buyuk SK; Karaman A; Yasa Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Ordu University, Ordu, Turkey. Electronic address: skbuyuk@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Association between frontal sinus morphology and craniofacial parameters: A forensic view.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;49:20-23, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphologic structure of the frontal sinuses with postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs in Turkish adolescents and to compare the findings between genders. The study sample consisted of 148 subjects divided into two groups (74 male subjects; mean age: 14.55 ± 1.42 years-74 female subjects; mean age: 14.95 ± 1.80 years). The right and left maximum height and width of the frontal sinus, maxillary width, nasal width, cranial width, antegonial width parameters were measured in 148 postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs. The data were analyzed using independent t and Mann Whitney U test. Spearman correlation analyses were used to evaluate the relationships of the frontal sinus measurements and transversal cephalometric parameters. The mean values of the right and left frontal sinus width, maxillary width, antegonial width, and cranial width were larger in males than females (P < 0.05). The right frontal sinus height were positively correlated with antegonial width (r = 0.243; P < 0.05) and the right frontal sinus width were positively correlated with antegonial width (r = 0.327; P < 0.01) in males. The right frontal sinus width were positively correlated with nasal width (r = 0.244; P < 0.05) and the left frontal sinus width were positively correlated with nasal width (r = 0.231; P < 0.05) in females. Frontal sinuses were unique to each individual due to their morphological structures, and in forensic science, taking advantage of these features was very important for personal identification.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cefalometria
Seio Frontal/anatomia & histologia
Seio Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Odontologia Legal
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Maxila/anatomia & histologia
Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
Meia-Idade
Osso Nasal/anatomia & histologia
Osso Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem
Estudos Retrospectivos
Caracteres Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170510
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28388793
[Au] Autor:Davis RE; Foulad AI
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Treating the Deviated or Wide Nasal Dorsum.
[So] Source:Facial Plast Surg;33(2):139-156, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1098-8793
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Both deviation and excessive width of the nasal dorsum result in conspicuous facial disharmony and are often attended by nasal airway dysfunction. Whether the result of developmental growth disturbances, nasal trauma, failed nasal surgery, or combinations therein, deviation and splaying of the nasal dorsum can be exceedingly difficult to treat. Individualized treatment is paramount because contour variations are seemingly endless, and a careful preoperative assessment of the anatomic, physiologic, cosmetic, and psychosocial factors that characterize the deformity is necessary to devise an effective patient-specific treatment plan. Ensuring the linearity, strength, alignment, and aesthetically pleasing profile dimensions of the nasal L-strut is the requisite first step in successful treatment. Releasing all deformed components in a controlled and precise manner using powered instrumentation (whenever possible) to facilitate minimally traumatic and effective repositioning, followed by structural reconstitution of the skeletal framework using autologous graft materials, and then consolidation of the newly created construct with suture fixation completes the transformation to normalcy. Paying equal attention to both cosmetic and functional wellness, while simultaneously seeking to maximize structural stability, serves to optimize the final outcome.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estética
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/cirurgia
Nariz/anormalidades
Nariz/cirurgia
Rinoplastia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Osso Nasal/cirurgia
Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia
Nariz/fisiologia
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/etiologia
Deformidades Adquiridas Nasais/patologia
Osteotomia
Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente
Cuidados Pré-Operatórios
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0037-1598034


  10 / 2719 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28377544
[Au] Autor:Alharethy S; Al-Quniabut I; Jang YJ
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Sami Alharethy, King Saud University, ENT,, Old Airport Road, PO Box 245,, Riyadh, 11411, Saudi Arabia, T: 478-6100 *5429, samiharthi@gmail.com, ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-8577-7155.
[Ti] Título:Anthropometry of Arabian nose using computed tomography scanning.
[So] Source:Ann Saudi Med;37(2):144-147, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0975-4466
[Cp] País de publicação:Saudi Arabia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The nose plays a critical role in determining the external appearance of an individual. We studied the craniofacial anthropometrics by CT scanning since previous studies in the field were conducted in Saudi populations using photometric analysis. OBJECTIVES: Obtain objective and quantitative data that can help surgeons plan cosmetic procedures for the nose. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from February 2015 to December 2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Facial CT scans were performed on native Saudis who underwent CT of the paranasal sinuses. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Three anthropometric parameters: the nasofrontal angle, the pyramidal angle, and the linear distance between the nasion and the tip of the nasal bone. RESULTS: In 160 native Saudis (86 males and 74 females) who underwent CT, the mean nasofrontal angle was 125.3° in males and 135.6° in females. The mean linear distance between the nasion and the tip of the nasal bone was 23.0 mm for males and 20.9 mm for females. The mean nasal pyramidal angle was 110.8° in males and 111.9° for females at the level of the nasal root, 105.6° in males and 104.8° in females at the mid-level of the nasal bone, and 116.8° males and 107.9° in females at the level of the tip of the nasal bone. CONCLUSION: Nasal bone lengths and angles can be obtained accurately from CT scans. These angles differ in different ethnic groups. LIMITATIONS: The sample represents native Saudis but not a cross section of the Saudi population. The relatively small sample size is a limitation of the study, but we consider these to be initial findings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Osso Nasal/anatomia & histologia
Nariz/anatomia & histologia
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Antropometria
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Arábia Saudita
Caracteres Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5144/0256-4947.2017.144



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