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[PMID]:29472200
[Au] Autor:Davies BM; Mowforth OD; Smith EK; Kotter MR
[Ad] Endereço:Academic neurosurgery unit, Department of Clinical Neurosurgery, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
[Ti] Título:Degenerative cervical myelopathy.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:k186, 2018 02 22.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Cervicais
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico
Doenças da Medula Espinal/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Diagnóstico Diferencial
Progressão da Doença
Seres Humanos
Exame Neurológico
Encaminhamento e Consulta
Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia
Doenças da Medula Espinal/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.k186


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[PMID]:29203740
[Au] Autor:Kuroedova VD; Vyzhenko EE; Makarova AN; Galych LB; Chikor TA
[Ad] Endereço:Department Of Post-Graduate Education Of Orthodontists, Educational And Scientific Institute Of Post-Graduate Education, Higher State Educational Establishment Of Ukraine, "Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy", Poltava, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:Optical density of upper jaw in patients with malocclusion.
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):913-916, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The growth and formation of facial skeleton is in interrelation with growth of cervical spine. Computer tomography plays an important role to examine and investigate the density of bony tissue resulting from total increase of osteopenic diseases and diseases of periodontal tissue. The aim of the paper is to compare indices of mineral density of bony tissue of the upper jaw and mineral density of the second cervical vertebra in patients with malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 37 orthodontic patients were involved in the investigation. They were divided into three age groups depending on the period of formation of dentofacial system. Density measurement of bone of the second cervical vertebra was done and also density measurement of upper jaw in the area of alveolar process between central incisors, canines and the first premolar on the level of the middle of roots, in the area of the first molars under the level of bifurcation and in cusp was performed. RESULTS: Optical density of bone of the second cervical vertebra with age increases from 501±61,06 to 587,6±48,81. The densest area on the upper jaw is alveolar process between central incisors, which increases with age from 1045,14±59,81 to 1318±69,28. The least indices of optical density were determined in area of the cusp of the upper jaw: the first group presented 174,21±38,94, and the third one included 338,87±26,91. CONCLUSIONS: Densitometry of bony tissue with computer tomography is diagnostically informative and available method for investigation and it can be used for diagnostics of bony tissue condition and for evaluation of orthodontic treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia
Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem
Má Oclusão/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
Oclusão Dentária
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29205004
[Au] Autor:Chen F; Cheng YB; Fan LH
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Key Laboratory of Forensic Medicine, Shanghai Forensic Service Platform, Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Justice, P.R.China, Shanghai 200063, China.
[Ti] Título:[Analysis of Relationship between Injury and Disease in 17 Cases of Cervical Trauma with Cervical Vertebra Degeneration].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):350-352, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To study the characteristics of the relationship between injury and disease in forensic identification cases of cervical trauma with cervical vertebra degeneration, and to explore the problems about how to identify the participation rates of injury and disease using the clinical information, forensic examination and imaging examination. METHODS: Seventeen forensic identification cases of cervical trauma with cervical vertebra degeneration were collected. The age distributions, injury formations, injury severities and imaging findings of these cases were analyzed and the relationship between injury and disease was evaluated comprehensively. RESULTS: Middle-aged and elderly were common in 17 cases and every case was involved with intervertebral disc herniation. The main reasons of injuries were hyperextension. The degree of injury severity and vertebra degeneration were graded according to the imaging findings. The participation rates of injury and disease were also calculated comprehensively. CONCLUSIONS: The forensic identification cases of cervical trauma with cervical vertebra degeneration should be evaluated with clinical information, forensic examination and imaging finding.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Cervicais/lesões
Vértebras Cervicais/patologia
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Distribuição por Idade
Idoso
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.008


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[PMID]:29390372
[Au] Autor:Notani N; Miyazaki M; Yoshiiwa T; Ishihara T; Kanezaki S; Tsumura H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Oita University, Oita, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Dynamic paraspinal muscle impingement causing acute hemiplegia after C1 posterior arch laminectomy: A case report.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);96(50):e9264, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: Acute neurological deficits following spinal surgery commonly result from epidural hematoma, surgical trauma, vascular compromise, and graft or hardware impingement, with the cause identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We present a rare case of dynamic paraspinal muscle impingement after C1 posterior arch laminectomy, which was diagnosed by myelography, with no significant findings on MRI. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 81-year-old, severely obese male, was referred to our department for the treatment of vertebral disease of the lumbar spine. The patient presented with bilateral weakness and numbness of the upper extremities and gait disturbances. Based on MRI, a diagnosis of retro-odontoid pseudotumor was made, and C1 posterior arch laminectomy, in combination with C4 partial laminectomy and C5 to C6 laminoplasty, was performed. On postoperative day 3, the patient's neurological status deteriorated, with right upper extremity and right lower extremity weakness increasing with neck extension. Although there was no evidence of epidural hematoma formation on MRI, obstruction of the flow of contrast medium by an external posterior compression in neck extension at the level of C1 was identified by myelography. Revision surgery was performed and local muscle swelling at the surgical site identified with no hematoma formation. Occiput to C3 fixation, with instrumentation, was performed. OUTCOMES: Muscle strength of the right upper extremity and lower extremities recovered postsurgery, and the patient has continued to improve function 3 years after surgery, with no further neurological episodes. LESSONS: Dynamic paraspinal muscle impingement following C1 laminectomy in a muscular man was diagnosed by myelography, with no significant findings on standard MRI. CONCLUSION: The possibility of dynamic paraspinal muscle impingement should be considered in patients developing acute, progressive, neurological deficits after posterior cervical decompression, with myelography being the imaging method of choice for diagnosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia
Hemiplegia/etiologia
Processo Odontoide/cirurgia
Músculos Paraespinais/cirurgia
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico
Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Seres Humanos
Laminectomia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Mielografia
Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos
Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009264


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[PMID]:29465576
[Au] Autor:Diao Y; Sun Y; Wang S; Zhang F; Pan S; Liu Z
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China. Beijing Key Laboratory of Spinal Disease, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Delayed epidural pseudoaneurysm following cervical laminectomy and instrumentation in a patient with canal stenosis secondary to skeletal fluorosis: A case report.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(8):e9883, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: The typical intraoperative presentation of vertebral artery injury (VAI) usually involves profuse bleeding and requires immediate treatment. However, an occult VAI may occur intraoperatively and result in delayed life-threatening epidural pseudoaneurysm several days postoperatively. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old man with compressive cervical myelopathy resulting from canal stenosis of skeletal fluorosis underwent decompression of C1 to C7 and instrumentation from C2 to C7. No impressive bleeding event occurred during the operation. On postoperative day 40, progressive quadriplegia developed. DIAGNOSES: Pseudoaneurysm of the VA was established by angiography. INTERVENTIONS: After occlusion of the right VA, the patient underwent hematoma clearing. OUTCOMES: Fortunately, the patient experienced significant recovery of neurologic function after the second surgery. LESSONS: From this case, we realize even in the absence of obvious signs of VAI during a cervical operation, postoperative evaluation should be mandatory for suspected bleeding events occurring at VAI-prone sites during surgery. Moreover, the bone morphological abnormality of skeletal fluorosis was determined to be the most important risk contributing to VAI in this case. The safety limits of bone removal should be determined preoperatively to avoid the effects of bone morphological abnormalities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Falso Aneurisma/etiologia
Doenças Ósseas/complicações
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia
Intoxicação por Flúor/complicações
Laminectomia/efeitos adversos
Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
Estenose Espinal/cirurgia
Artéria Vertebral/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Constrição Patológica
Seres Humanos
Complicações Intraoperatórias
Masculino
Complicações Pós-Operatórias
Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia
Estenose Espinal/etiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009883


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[PMID]:29254308
[Au] Autor:Deng YZ; Xu LG; Chen L; Zhou D; Liu Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Acupuncture, The affiliated Hospital to Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of acupuncture in the management of cervical spondylosis: a meta-analysis.
[So] Source:J Biol Regul Homeost Agents;31(4):1017-1022, 2017 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0393-974X
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cervical spondylosis is the most common type of spinal pathology which is more common in middle-aged or senile populations with a high potential to affect physical and mental health. This study evaluates the effectiveness of acupuncture in the management of cervical spondylosis. After a detailed literature search in electronic databases, the required data were acquired from selected research articles and meta-analyses were performed to obtain the percent cure, failure and total effectiveness rates under random effects model. Meta-regression was performed to identify the factors affecting the efficacy. Twenty-seven studies were selected for data acquisition (2,853 patients; average age 46.2±9.5; 51.7±12.5% males). Acupuncture alone had 33.41% (25.50, 41.24) cure rate but in combination with other therapies it rose to 53.36% (41.9, 64.8). Similarly, total effectiveness rate was 87.01% (83.40, 90.62) with acupuncture alone and 93.62% (89.85, 97.38) with acupuncture in combination with other therapies. Age was inversely associated with the percent cure rate and the number of combination therapies with acupuncture was positively associated with the cure rate. In conclusion, acupuncture therapy alone can provide cure and total effectiveness rates of 33% and 87%, respectively, but acupuncture with additional therapies can improve the cure and total effectiveness rates to 53% and 94%, respectively. Age inversely affects efficacy and the number of additional therapies improves the efficacy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos
Terapia Combinada/métodos
Espondilose/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pontos de Acupuntura
Adulto
Vértebras Cervicais/patologia
Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Espondilose/patologia
Espondilose/fisiopatologia
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29384883
[Au] Autor:Lu Y; Bao W; Wang Z; Zhou F; Zou J; Jiang W; Yang H; Zhang Z; Zhu X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of the clinical effects of zero-profile anchored spacer (ROI-C) and conventional cage-plate construct for the treatment of noncontiguous bilevel of cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD): A minimum 2-year follow-up.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(5):e9808, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Comparing the clinical and radiographic outcomes in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) using a zero-profile anchored spacer (ROI-C) or a conventional cage-plate construct (CPC) for treating noncontiguous bilevel of cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD).Overall, 46 patients with 2 noncontiguous segments of CDDD, treated with ACDF from January 2011 to October 2015, were included in this study. ROI-C was used in 22 patients (group A) and CPC in 24 patients (group B). The clinical and radiographic outcomes and complications were compared pre- and postoperatively. All patients were followed up for at least 24 months after surgery.No significant difference was found in fusion rate, cervical curvature, height of fused segment (FSDH), intraoperative blood loss, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA), and Neck Disability Index (NDI) scores between the 2 groups. Group A had a shorter operation time and significantly lower incidence of dysphagia (3 and 24 months postoperatively) than group B (P < .001 and P < .05, respectively). Moreover, group A had a higher loss of FSDH than group B, but with no difference between the 2 groups (P > .05). Two cages developed subsidence in group A (4.5%) and 2 adjacent levels developed degeneration in group B (2,8%).ACDF with ROI-C device was superior to CPC for noncontiguous bilevel of CDDD because it avoided postoperative dysphagia and required a shorter operation time. Moreover, the clinical outcomes were comparable. Prospective trials with larger samples and longer follow-up are required to confirm the results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Cervicais
Fixadores Internos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia
Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009808


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[PMID]:29384738
[Au] Autor:Gelbrich B; Fischer M; Stellzig-Eisenhauer A; Gelbrich G
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital of Leipzig (Germany), Department of Orthodontics.
[Ti] Título:Are cervical vertebrae suitable for age estimation?
[So] Source:J Forensic Odontostomatol;2(35):71-82, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2219-6749
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The ability of cervical vertebrae (CV) staging to contribute in forensic age estimation is being discussed controversially. The large variability of CV geometries in the end stage of development might be the reason for not reaching a performance competitive to hand or third molar methods. Here we study the geometry of adult CV and demonstrate that the description of their "typical" appearance is often not met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms from clinical routine of 320 subjects aged 20 years or above (median 24 years, 52% female) were evaluated. The criteria for the end stage of CV development (Hassel-Farman, Baccetti) were examined by assessing them in terms of metric measurements: (1) rectangular shape of C3/C4, (2) at least one of the height-width ratios of C3/C4 > 1 (both not <1), (3) significant concavities at the inferior margin of C2, C3 and C4. Metric data of the adults were also compared to those of 100 children aged 8-10 years (50% female). RESULTS: Adult CV often violated the criteria of rectangular shape (44% C3, 36% C4), of height-width ratio (16% C3, 35% C4) and inferior concavity (10% C2, 10% C3, 19% C4). All of the criteria for adult CV were fulfilled in only 24% of the subjects (95%CI 19-28%). The variability of measures of the CV shapes was large; e.g., the 95% reference ranges for the height-width ratios were 0.81-1.19 (C3) and 0.77-1.14 (C4). There was a material overlap of ranges of CV measures of adults and children. CONCLUSION: While hand bones and teeth have well-defined appearances in the end stage of development, adult CV have a large biological variance of shapes; it is hard to define their "typical" appearance. Moreover, measures of CV geometry do not strictly separate adults from children. These facts might reason the limited usefulness of CV in age estimation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem
Vértebras Cervicais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Antropologia Forense
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 30492 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29443779
[Au] Autor:Zhang J; Xu R; Li Z; Zha W
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedics, Mingzhou Hospital of Zhejiang University, Ningbo, Zhejiang Province, China.
[Ti] Título:Cerebral infarction due to malposition of cervical pedicle screw: A case report.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(7):e9937, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:RATIONALE: Malposition of cervical pedicle screw (CPS) has a risk of vertebral artery (VA) injury which sometimes may cause unexpected and catastrophic outcome. A rare case of delayed onset of cerebral infarction caused by malposition of CPS was reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old man who underwent a posterior cervical reduction and fusion of C4-5 using CPS fixation and allograft for cervical spine injury is presented. The patient suffered progressively weakness and numbness for both of upper and lower extremities 1 day after the operation. Computed tomography scans revealed bilateral occupation of the pedicle screws in the foramen of C4 and C5 and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) displayed several areas of infarction in the brainstem and cerebellum. DIAGNOSES: Plain radiographs of the cervical spine revealed the C4 vertebral body and MRI displayed a disruption of the anterior longitudinal ligament on the level of C4-5 and severe injury to the soft tissues of the cervical spine at admission. Brainstem and cerebellum infarction was diagnosed at postoperative. INTERVENTION: A revision surgery was decided to remove all of the pedicle screws and place lateral mass screws instead. OUTCOMES: The patient felt better on his all of 4 extremities following revision surgery. Fortunately, he was neurologically close to normal at a 3-month follow-up. LESSONS: Delayed onset of cerebral infarction is rarely reported complication caused by malposition of CPS. When a CPS perforates the transverse foramen and causes symptom of cerebral infarction, a revision surgery in time is strongly recommended to prevent further sequelae.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infarto Cerebral/etiologia
Vértebras Cervicais/lesões
Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia
Parafusos Pediculares/efeitos adversos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Adulto
Infarto Cerebral/cirurgia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
Reoperação
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009937


  10 / 30492 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384864
[Au] Autor:Zhao J; Chen Z; Yang M; Li G; Zhao Y; Li M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopedics, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai.
[Ti] Título:Does spinal fusion to T2, T3, or T4 affects sagittal alignment of the cervical spine in Lenke 1 AIS patients: A retrospective study.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(5):e9764, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this stusy was to investigate whether spinal fusion to T2, T3, or T4 affects sagittal alignment of the cervical spine in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients.A retrospective study comprised of 64 Lenke 1 AIS patients was performed to assess the radiographic and clinical outcome. According to the upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) (T2, T3, or T4), the patients were divided into 3 groups. Comparison analyses were performed among these 3 groups of patients as between pre-op, immediate post-op, and final follow-up, as well as between these groups.Between groups, comparison analyses did not detect a statistical difference in cervical lordosis (CL) preoperatively (P = .501), immediately after surgery (P = .795), and at follow-up (P = .510). Immediately after surgery, CL increased significantly in all groups (T2, P = .004, T3, P < .001 and T4, P = .002 respectively). Compared with immediate postoperatively, CL at final follow-up increased in T2 group (P = .037), and T4 group (P = .010). Furthermore, CL at follow-up was significantly correlated with the following parameters: preoperative (coronal plane balance [r = .349, P = .004], pelvic tilt [r = 0.347, P = .004), pelvic incidence [r = 0.261, P = .031], and CL [r = 0.471, P < .001]) immediately postoperative (CL [r = 0.946, P < .001], T1-slope [r = -0.646, P < .001], and thoracic kyphosis [TK] [r = -0.353, P = .003]), and at follow-up (TK [r = -0.342, P = .004], and T1-slope [r = -0.821, P < .001]). However, there was no significant correlation between a selection of UIV and CL at follow-up (r = 0.031, P = .802). Moreover, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS-22) scores between groups were similar preoperatively (P = .242), immediately after surgery (P = .828), and at follow-up (P = .219).In Lenke 1 AIS patients, the selection of UIV mainly affects the coronal plane, especially shoulder balance. Fusion to T2, T3, or T4 did not affect the alignment of the cervical spine, and the SRS-22 score. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vértebras Cervicais
Escoliose/cirurgia
Fusão Vertebral
Vértebras Torácicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Radiografia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009764



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