Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : A03.556.500.885 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 15438 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 1544 ir para página                         

  1 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29236903
[Au] Autor:Barberena LDS; Simoni SN; Souza RCS; Moraes DAO; Berti LC; Keske-Soares M
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM - Santa Maria (RS), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Ultrasound analysis of tongue contour for the sound [j] in adults and children.
[Ti] Título:Análise quantitativa das curvas de língua na avaliação ultrassonográfica da fala para o som [j] em adultos e crianças..
[So] Source:Codas;29(6):e20160214, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Analyze and compare the mean tongue contours and articulatory gestures in the production of the sound [j] in adults and children with typical and atypical speech development. The children with atypical development presented speech sound disorders. METHODS: The diagnosis was determined by speech assessments. The study sample was composed of 90 individuals divided into three groups: 30 adults with typical speech development aged 19-44 years (AT), 30 children with typical speech development (CT), and 30 children with speech sound disorders, named as atypical in this study, aged four years to eight years and eleven months (CA). Ultrasonography assessment of tongue movements was performed for all groups. Mean tongue contours were compared between three groups in different vocalic contexts following the sound [j]. The maximum elevation of the tongue tip was considered for delimitation of gestures using the Articulate Assistant Advanced (AAA) software and images in sagittal plane/Mode B. The points that intercepted the language curves were analyzed by the statistical tool R. The graphs of tongue contours were obtained adopting a 95% confidence interval. After that, the regions with significant statistical differences (p<0.05) between the CT and CA groups were obtained. RESULTS: The mean tongue contours demonstrated the gesture for the sound [j] in the comparison between typical and atypical children. For the semivowel [j], there is an articulatory gesture of tongue and dorsum towards the center of ​​the hard palate, with significant differences observed between the children. CONCLUSION: The results showed differences between the groups of children regarding the ability to refine articulatory gestures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico por imagem
Língua
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos da Articulação/diagnóstico por imagem
Brasil
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Língua/anatomia & histologia
Língua/diagnóstico por imagem
Língua/fisiopatologia
Ultrassonografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29480863
[Au] Autor:Wu TC; Wu KL; Hu WL; Sheen JM; Lu CN; Chiang JY; Hung YC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chinese Medicine.
[Ti] Título:Tongue diagnosis indices for upper gastrointestinal disorders: Protocol for a cross-sectional, case-controlled observational study.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(2):e9607, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal disorders are common in clinical practice, for example, gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Panendoscopy or upper gastrointestinal endoscopy is viewed as the primary tool for examining the upper gastrointestinal mucosa, and permitting biopsy and endoscopic therapy. Although panendoscopy is considered to be a safe procedure with minimal complications, there are still some adverse effects, and patients are often anxious about undergoing invasive procedures. Traditional Chinese medicine tongue diagnosis plays an important role in differentiation of symptoms because the tongue reflects the physiological and pathological condition of the body. The automatic tongue diagnosis system (ATDS), which noninvasively captures tongue images, can provide objective and reliable diagnostic information. METHODS: This protocol is a cross-sectional, case-controlled observational study investigating the usefulness of the ATDS in clinical practice by examining its efficacy as a diagnostic tool for upper gastrointestinal disorders. Volunteers over 20 years old with and without upper gastrointestinal symptoms will be enrolled. Tongue images will be captured and the patients divided into 4 groups according to their panendoscopy reports, including a gastritis group, peptic ulcer disease group, gastroesophageal reflux disease group, and healthy group. Nine primary tongue features will be extracted and analyzed, including tongue shape, tongue color, tooth mark, tongue fissure, fur color, fur thickness, saliva, ecchymosis, and red dots. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this protocol is to apply a noninvasive ATDS to evaluate tongue manifestations of patients with upper gastrointestinal disorders and examine its efficacy as a diagnostic tool.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Sistema Digestório/diagnóstico
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
Língua
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos Transversais
Doenças do Sistema Digestório/patologia
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/instrumentação
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos
Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão
Língua/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009607


  3 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28460647
[Au] Autor:Ono Y; Kunii M; Miura T; Shinohara K
[Ad] Endereço:Emergency and Critical Care Medical Center, Fukushima Medical University Hospital, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan. windmill@fmu.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:"Cannot ventilate, cannot intubate" situation after penetration of the tongue root through to the epipharynx by a surfboard: a case report.
[So] Source:J Med Case Rep;11(1):121, 2017 May 01.
[Is] ISSN:1752-1947
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Surfing is an increasingly popular activity and surfing-related injuries have increased accordingly. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports of penetrating upper airway injuries in surfers. We present a "cannot ventilate, cannot intubate" situation following penetrating neck injury by a surfboard fin. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 29-year-old Japanese man was swept off his board by a large wave and his left mandible, tongue root, and right epipharynx were penetrated by the surfboard fin. He presented with severe hypovolemic shock because of copious bleeding from his mouth. Direct laryngoscopy failed, as did manual ventilation, because of the exacerbated upper airway bleeding and distorted upper airway anatomy. Open cricothyrotomy was immediately performed, followed by surgical exploration, which revealed extensive ablation of his tongue root and laceration of his lingual artery. After definitive hemostasis and intensive care, he returned home with no sequelae. CONCLUSIONS: The long, semi-sharp surfboard fin created both extensive crushing upper airway lesions and a sharp vascular injury, resulting in a difficult airway. This case illustrates that surfing injuries can prompt a life-threatening airway emergency and serves as a caution for both surfers and health care professionals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tratamento de Emergência
Intubação Intratraqueal/instrumentação
Lesões do Pescoço/terapia
Língua/lesões
Traqueotomia/métodos
Esportes Aquáticos/lesões
Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Cartilagem Cricoide
Cuidados Críticos
Tratamento de Emergência/instrumentação
Tratamento de Emergência/métodos
Seres Humanos
Intubação Intratraqueal/métodos
Masculino
Lesões do Pescoço/fisiopatologia
Glândula Tireoide
Resultado do Tratamento
Ferimentos Penetrantes/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13256-017-1284-5


  4 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29414271
[Au] Autor:Shoji K; Saitoh A
[Ad] Endereço:National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan shoji-k@ncchd.go.jp.
[Ti] Título:Herpetic Whitlow.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;378(6):563, 2018 Feb 08.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dermatoses da Mão/virologia
Herpes Simples
Herpesvirus Humano 1/isolamento & purificação
Língua/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Dedos/patologia
Herpes Simples/patologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMicm1711479


  5 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29262445
[Au] Autor:Song DJ; Li Z; Zhou X; Zhang YX; Peng XW; Zhou B; Lyu CL; Peng W; Ou Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oncology Plastic Surgery, Hunan Province Cancer Hospital and the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.
[Ti] Título:[Free medial thigh perforator flaps with various pedicle origins for the reconstruction of defect after buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma resection].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi;52(12):890-894, 2017 Dec 07.
[Is] ISSN:1673-0860
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To explore investigate the application of free medial thigh perforator flaps with different pedicle origins in the reconstruction of defect after radical resection of buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma. From January 2015 to December 2016, 32 cases with buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma underwent radical resection and buccal mucosa defect after surgery was reconstructed by free medial thigh perforator flap at the same stage. The patients included 32 males and 5 females, ranged in age from 36 to 71 years (45.2 years on average). According to UICC stage: T4N0M0 13 cases, T4N1M0 12 cases, T3N1M0 5 cases, T3N2M0 2 cases. The course ranged from 1 to 30 months (9.6 months on average). The perforator flaps ranged from 8.0 cm×3.5 cm to 15.5 cm×6.0 cm in size, from 2.0 to 4.5 cm in thickness.The mean length of pedicles from gracilis muscle was (8.7±0.4) cm in 19 cases, the mean length of pedicles from adductor magnus muscle was (9.5±0.4) cm in 9 cases and the length of pedicles from femoral artery was (6.9±0.5) cm in 4 cases.All 44 perforator flaps survived uneventfully. The donor sites in the medial thigh were closed directly and healed well in all cases. Patients were followed up for 8 to 32 months with satisfied esthetic and functional results in reconstructed tongue, with no local recurrence. Only linear scars left in the donor sites, the functions of thighs were not affected. The free medial thigh perforator flap is an idea choice to reconstruct the defect after radical resection of buccal mucosa squamous cell carcinoma.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia
Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia
Retalho Perfurante/transplante
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mucosa Bucal/cirurgia
Músculo Esquelético/cirurgia
Coxa da Perna
Língua/cirurgia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2017.12.003


  6 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29269824
[Au] Autor:Madurantakam P; Kumar S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of General Practice, VCU School of Dentistry, Richmond, Virginia, USA.
[Ti] Título:Are there more adverse effects with lingual orthodontics?
[So] Source:Evid Based Dent;18(4):101-102, 2017 12 22.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5446
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and LILACS database, review of references cited in included articles and a manual search of leading orthodontic journals. No language restrictions were imposed in the search. Study authors were contacted when necessary.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) in healthy patients that directly compared the adverse effects following treatment using buccal and lingual appliances. Studies involving single arch or dual arch appliances were considered. Studies on patients with systemic diseases, animal studies and in vitro studies were excluded. The primary outcomes of interest to the authors were a list of adverse effects: pain, caries, eating and speech difficulties and oral hygiene.Data extraction and synthesisTwo authors reviewed the titles and abstracts of all studies identified through the search without blinding to names of authors or publication dates. Selected articles from searches were evaluated independently by two authors against established inclusion criteria, disagreements were resolved by consensus or by consulting a third author. Two authors independently assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool (randomised trials) and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for non-randomised studies. The level of agreement between the authors was assessed using the Cohen kappa statistic. A meta-analysis was performed to provide pooled effect estimate (expressed as odds ratio) as well as 95% confidence interval. The outcomes of interest were pain, caries, eating difficulties, speech difficulties and deficient oral hygiene. Heterogeneity was quantified using I2 statistic and potential causes explored. Publication bias was assessed using a funnel plot.ResultsEight articles were included; three RCTs and five CCTs. One RCT was considered to be at high risk of bias, one moderate risk and one low risk. Of the non-randomised studies, four were low risk and one was high risk of bias. Six studies involving a total of 131 patients were included in a meta-analysis. The lingual appliance was associated with significant pain in the tongue (OR=28.32, 95% CI 8.6-93.28), difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene (OR=3.49, 95%CI 1.02-11.95) and greater speech difficulty (OR = 9.39, 95% CI 3.78-23.33) compared to buccal appliances. On the other hand, patients with lingual appliances had decreased pain in the lips and cheeks. There was no difference between the two appliances with regards to caries risk.ConclusionsLimited available evidence indicates that lingual orthodontic appliances are associated with increased pain in the tongue, speech difficulties and difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aparelhos Ortodônticos
Ortodontia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência Odontológica
Seres Humanos
Boca
Língua
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/sj.ebd.6401266


  7 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28465188
[Au] Autor:Honda H; Kawamoto T; Doi Y; Matsumura S; Ito Y; Imai N; Ikeda N; Mera Y; Morita O
[Ad] Endereço:R&D Safety Science Research, Kao Corporation, 2606 Akabane, Ichikai-machi, Haga-gun, Tochigi 321-3497, Japan. Electronic address: honda.hiroshi@kao.co.jp.
[Ti] Título:Alpha-linolenic acid-enriched diacylglycerol oil does not promote tumor development in tongue and gastrointestinal tract tissues in a medium-term multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay using male F344 rat.
[So] Source:Food Chem Toxicol;106(Pt A):185-192, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6351
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)-enriched diacylglycerol (DAG) oil is an edible oil enriched with DAG (>80%) and ALA (>50%). The present study investigated whether ALA-DAG oil promotes tumorigenesis in the tongue and gastrointestinal tract, using a rat medium-term multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay model. Rats were treated with five genotoxic carcinogens to induce multi-organ tumorigenesis until week 4, and from 1 week after withdrawal, fed a semi-synthetic diet (AIN-93G) containing ALA-DAG oil at concentrations of 0, 13,750, 27,500, and 55,000 ppm. Rats fed AIN-93G containing 55,000 ppm ALA-triacylglycerol or a standard basal diet served as reference and negative control groups, respectively. Animals were euthanized at week 30. ALA-DAG oil was shown to have no effects on survival, general condition, body weight, food consumption, or organ weight. More discolored spots were observed in the stomachs of the 13,750- and 55,000-ppm ALA-DAG groups than in those of the control groups; however, there were no differences in the frequency of histopathological findings across groups. There were no meaningful increases in the incidence of pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions in the tongue and gastrointestinal tract among the groups. We therefore conclude that ALA-DAG oil does not promote tumor development in the digestive system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diglicerídeos/farmacologia
Trato Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos
Língua/efeitos dos fármacos
Ácido alfa-Linolênico/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bioensaio
Testes de Carcinogenicidade
Diglicerídeos/análise
Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia
Masculino
Ratos
Ratos Endogâmicos F344
Língua/patologia
Ácido alfa-Linolênico/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Diglycerides); 0RBV727H71 (alpha-Linolenic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29020597
[Au] Autor:Barrios DM; LaDuca JR
[Ad] Endereço:State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY dulcebarriosms@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Lingual Papillomas.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;377(15):e22, 2017 Oct 12.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo/diagnóstico
Papiloma/patologia
Neoplasias da Língua/patologia
Língua/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mutação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMicm1700204


  9 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29016656
[Au] Autor:Schuldenzucker V; Schubert R; Muratori LM; Freisfeld F; Rieke L; Matheis T; Schramke S; Motlik J; Kemper N; Radespiel U; Reilmann R
[Ad] Endereço:George-Huntington-Institute, Technology-Park, Muenster, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral testing of minipigs transgenic for the Huntington gene-A three-year observational study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185970, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Large animal models of Huntington's disease (HD) may increase the reliability of translating preclinical findings to humans. Long live expectancy offers opportunities particularly for disease modifying approaches, but also challenges. The transgenic (tg) HD minipig model assessed in this study exhibits a high genetic homology with humans, similar body weight, and comparable brain structures. To test long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of novel therapeutic approaches in this model reliable assessments applicable longitudinally for several years are warranted for all phenotypical domains relevant in HD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the tests proposed assessing motor, cognitive and behavioral domains can be applied repetitively over a 3-year period in minipigs with acceptable variability or learning effects and whether tgHD minipigs reveal changes in these domains compared to wildtype (wt) minipigs suggesting the development of an HD phenotype. METHODS: A cohort of 14 tgHD and 18 wt minipigs was followed for three years. Tests applied every six months included a tongue coordination and hurdle test for the motor domain, a color discrimination test for cognition, and a dominance test for assessing behavior. Statistical analyses were performed using repeated ANOVA for longitudinal group comparisons and Wilcoxon-tests for intra-visit differences between tgHD and wt minipigs. RESULTS: All tests applied demonstrated feasibility, acceptable variance and good consistency during the three-year period. No significant differences between tgHD and wt minipigs were detected suggesting lack of a phenotype before the age of four years. CONCLUSIONS: The assessment battery presented offers measures in all domains relevant for HD and can be applied in long-term phenotyping studies with tgHD minipigs. The observation of this cohort should be continued to explore the timeline of phenotype development and provide information for future interventional studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Doença de Huntington/fisiopatologia
Porco Miniatura/fisiologia
Suínos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Geneticamente Modificados
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Proteína Huntingtina/genética
Proteína Huntingtina/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Língua/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Huntingtin Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185970


  10 / 15438 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28949799
[Au] Autor:Tang JA; Gorelick G; Friedman M
[Ad] Endereço:1 ChicagoENT: Advanced Center for Specialty Care, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
[Ti] Título:Comparison between Awake Endoscopy and Computed Tomography to Define Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy.
[So] Source:Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg;157(5):898-902, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6817
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives To analyze correlations between endoscopic lingual tonsil grade (LTG) by the Friedman Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy grading system and computed tomography (CT) measurements of lingual tonsil thickness (LTT). Study Design Retrospective chart review. Setting Single-center database, September 2016 to April 2017. Subjects and Methods Patients who received CT covering base of tongue and endoscopic LTG were included. LTT was measured on axial and sagittal CT. LTT measurements were compared against endoscopic LTG. One-way analysis of variance with Tukey's post hoc adjustment for multiple comparisons was performed. Results Seventy-five charts were included for a total of 150 LTT measurements. Axial CT measurements of LTG 1 and LTG 2 were each significantly different from LTG 3 ( P < .001 for both), and LTG 1 and LTG 2 also differed significantly ( P = .010). Mean sagittal CT measurements were significantly different between LTG 1 and LTG 3 ( P < .001) and between LTG 2 and LTG 3 ( P = .002) but not between LTG 1 and LTG 2 ( P = .186). Those without lingual tonsil hypertrophy had a mean axial CT thickness of 6.45 ± 1.39 mm and mean sagittal CT thickness of 6.58 ± 1.53 mm, which was significantly different from both the mean axial CT thickness of 8.48 ± 1.52 mm and the mean sagittal CT thickness of 8.07 ± 1.16 mm in the LTG 3 group ( P < .001 for both). Threshold analysis showed a potential cutoff of approximately 7.5 mm on axial and sagittal CT for defining clinically significant lingual tonsil hypertrophy. Conclusion Awake endoscopy grading of lingual tonsil hypertrophy is a subjective measurement that seems to correlate with objective CT measurements. LTT measurements of LTG 1 and LTG 2 on awake endoscopy differed significantly from LTG 3.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Endoscopia
Tonsila Palatina/diagnóstico por imagem
Tonsila Palatina/patologia
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hipertrofia
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Língua/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0194599817731731



página 1 de 1544 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde