Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : A12.200.769 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28720295
[Au] Autor:Sykora S; Jindra C; Hofer M; Steinborn R; Brandt S
[Ad] Endereço:Research Group Oncology, Equine Clinic, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinaerplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Equine papillomavirus type 2: An equine equivalent to human papillomavirus 16?
[So] Source:Vet J;225:3-8, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In horses, squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) commonly affect the external genitals. There is growing evidence that equine papillomavirus type 2 (EcPV2) infection promotes disease development. To assess the possible association of EcPV2 with equine SCCs of the head (HSCC), 15 HSCC DNA samples were screened by E6/E7, E2, and LCR PCR and amplicons were analysed for sequence variations. The physical form of EcPV2 in HSCC, genital lesions, and smegma from horses with SCC was then addressed using EcPV2 immunocapture PCR (IC/PCR) for detection of virion, and E6 vs. E2 qPCR to investigate possible integration events. Four of 15 HSCC tested positive for EcPV2 DNA and harboured known or novel genetic variants of E6, E7, E2 and the LCR. Eighteen of 35 sample extracts including 3/4 smegma samples scored positive by IC/PCR, suggesting that about 51% of tested extracts harboured virions. E6/E2 qPCR from tumour DNA revealed E2/E6 copies/cell ranging between <1 (E2; E6) and 797 (E2) or 1434 (E6). IC/PCR-positive smegma samples contained higher E2 and E6 copy numbers, ranging between 1490 and 4.95×10 (E2) or 2227 and 8.54×10 (E6) copies/cell. Together with IC/PCR results, this finding suggests that smegma can serve as a rich EcPV2 reservoir. HSCCs harboured significantly lower viral DNA amounts (<1-25 copies/cell) than most genital tumour and smegma DNA isolates. The majority of samples contained more E6 than E2 DNA, with E6:E2 ratios ranging between 0.88 and 4.12. Although not statistically significant (P>0.05), this finding suggests that EcPV2 can integrate into the equine host cell genome.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/veterinária
Doenças dos Cavalos/virologia
Papillomavirus Humano 16
Papillomaviridae
Infecções por Papillomavirus/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia
DNA Viral/análise
Reservatórios de Doenças/veterinária
Feminino
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/veterinária
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/virologia
Cavalos
Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Papillomaviridae/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
Esmegma/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26199167
[Au] Autor:Balci M; Tuncel A; Baran I; Guzel O; Keten T; Aksu N; Atan A
[Ad] Endereço:Third Department of Urology, Ankara Numune Research and Training Hospital, Ministry of Health, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:High-risk Oncogenic Human Papilloma Virus Infection of the Foreskin and Microbiology of Smegma in Prepubertal Boys.
[So] Source:Urology;86(2):368-72, 2015 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1527-9995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and microbiological status of the foreskin in asymptomatic prepubertal boys. METHODS: A total of 100 prepubertal healthy boys who underwent a standard circumcision procedure were included in the study. High-risk HPV status was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction for the genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, and 68. The swabs were immediately sent to microbiology laboratory for culture and sensitivity tests. RESULTS: The median age at the time of surgery was 5.7 years (range, 2 months-9 years). High-risk HPV was detected in 9 foreskins (9%). Positive samples showed are HPV16 (n = 3), 31 (n = 2), 39 (n = 3), and 51 (n = 1). There were a total of 72 organism isolates: 54 gram-positive (75%) and 17 gram-negative (23.6%) bacteria and 1 (1.4%) Candida. The most commonly isolated gram-negative bacterium was Escherichia coli (41.2%), whereas the commonly isolated gram-positive bacterium was Enterecoccus sp. (57.4%). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that subclinical high-risk HPV infections are found in the foreskin, which could be a reservoir for HPV-associated diseases, and smegma seems not to be a risk factor for drug-resistant infection in children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prepúcio do Pênis
Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia
Doenças do Pênis/virologia
Esmegma/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Papillomaviridae/genética
Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia
Estudos Prospectivos
Medição de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25065912
[Au] Autor:Di Ianni F; Volta A; Pelizzone I; Manfredi S; Gnudi G; Parmigiani E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medical Science, University of Parma, Via del Taglio 10, 43100, Parma, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Diagnostic sensitivity of ultrasound, radiography and computed tomography for gender determination in four species of lizards.
[So] Source:Vet Radiol Ultrasound;56(1):40-5, 2015 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1740-8261
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gender determination is frequently requested by reptile breeders, especially for species with poor or absent sexual dimorphism. The aims of the current study were to describe techniques and diagnostic sensitivities of ultrasound, radiography, and computed tomography for gender determination (identification of hemipenes) in four species of lizards. Nineteen lizards of known sex, belonging to four different species (Pogona vitticeps, Uromastyx aegyptia, Tiliqua scincoides, Gerrhosaurus major) were prospectively enrolled. With informed owner consent, ultrasound, noncontrast CT, contrast radiography, and contrast CT (with contrast medium administered into the cloaca) were performed in conscious animals. Imaging studies were reviewed by three different operators, each unaware of the gender of the animals and of the results of the other techniques. The lizard was classified as a male when hemipenes were identified. Nineteen lizards were included in the study, 10 females and nine males. The hemipenes were seen on ultrasound in only two male lizards, and appeared as oval hypoechoic structures. Radiographically, hemipenes filled with contrast medium appeared as spindle-shaped opacities. Noncontrast CT identified hemipenes in only two lizards, and these appeared as spindle-shaped kinked structures with hyperattenuating content consistent with smegma. Hemipenes were correctly identified in all nine males using contrast CT (accuracy of 100%). Accuracy of contrast radiography was excellent (94.7%). Accuracy of ultrasound and of noncontrast CT was poor (64.3% and 63.1%, respectively). Findings from the current study supported the use of contrast CT or contrast radiography for gender determination in lizards.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genitália/anatomia & histologia
Lagartos/anatomia & histologia
Análise para Determinação do Sexo/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cloaca/diagnóstico por imagem
Meios de Contraste
Feminino
Genitália/diagnóstico por imagem
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Análise para Determinação do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos
Esmegma/diagnóstico por imagem
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária
Ultrassonografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Contrast Media)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140729
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/vru.12186


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[PMID]:24343558
[Au] Autor:Effinger L; Peddireddi L; Simunich M; Oberst R; O'Connell C; Leyva-Baca I
[Ad] Endereço:1Ivan Leyva-Baca, Animal Health and Food Safety Group at Life Technologies, 2130 Woodward Street, Austin, TX 78744. ivan.leyvabaca@lifetech.com.
[Ti] Título:Pooling of cultured samples and comparison of multistate laboratory workflows with the MagMAX sample preparation system and VetMAX quantitative polymerase chain reaction reagents for detection of Tritrichomonas foetus-colonized bulls.
[So] Source:J Vet Diagn Invest;26(1):72-87, 2014 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1943-4936
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objectives of the current study were 1) to compare sample preparation workflows and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assays (qPCR) as currently used in veterinary diagnostic laboratories with a study protocol utilizing commercially available reagents for individual Tritrichomonas foetus testing, 2) to assess the accuracy of pooling cultured smegma samples followed by extraction and qPCR testing as used in the study laboratory, and 3) to assess the specificity of the currently used primers and probes by sequencing all positive and presumptive positive samples identified in the study laboratory in an attempt to capture any nucleotide variability between T. foetus isolates and to rule out false-positive results possibly due to Simplicimonas moskowitzi. Eight hundred three cultured smegma samples were collected from different regions of the United States with the collaboration of 5 veterinary testing laboratories. The samples were processed individually by the respective laboratories, and then sent to the study laboratory and retested using the study protocol. Comparison testing showed an overall agreement of 95.89% between the veterinary testing laboratories and the study laboratory. One hundred seventy-six positive or presumptive positive samples plus 625 negative qPCR samples were combined and retested using a pooling protocol. Pools consisted of 1 positive sample and 4 negative samples (1/5). These pools were processed using the same study laboratory protocols, and 96% of the positive samples were detected in these pools. Nested PCR followed by sequencing confirmed 175 of the 178 samples classified as positive or presumptive positive in the study laboratory as containing T. foetus-specific DNA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/parasitologia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/veterinária
Esmegma/parasitologia
Manejo de Espécimes/métodos
Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico
DNA de Protozoário/química
DNA de Protozoário/genética
Reações Falso-Positivas
Masculino
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/diagnóstico
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Tritrichomonas foetus/genética
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140217
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140217
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1040638713510003


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[PMID]:23518247
[Au] Autor:Molina L; Perea J; Meglia G; Angón E; García A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Veterinary Medicine, National University of La Pampa, General Pico, Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Spatial and temporal epidemiology of bovine trichomoniasis and bovine genital campylobacteriosis in La Pampa province (Argentina).
[So] Source:Prev Vet Med;110(3-4):388-94, 2013 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1716
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The venereal diseases bovine trichomoniasis (BT) and bovine genital campylobacteriosis (BCG) cause economic losses in endemic areas like La Pampa province in Argentina, where beef cattle are usually managed extensively. This study used data compiled under a Provincial Programme for the Control and Eradication of BT and BGC (PCE) to determine the spatio-temporal distribution of these diseases and identify spatial clusters. The study population comprised 29,178 non-virgin bulls drawn from 3766 herds, tested for BT and BGC in 2010. Preputial smegma samples were cultured for BT detection, while BGC was diagnosed by direct immunofluorescence testing of these samples. Campylobacter fetus infection was detected in 1.5% of bulls and 2.3% of herds, and Tritrichomonas foetus infection was found in 1.1% of bulls and 5.1% of herds. The proportion of positive tests was highest in February for BT, while in April it was highest for BCG, and was inversely related to the number of tests, which was greatest during the breeding season (spring). An elliptical spatial cluster of high risk for BGC and a circular cluster for BT were both identified in the south of La Pampa province, which could not be explained by cattle herd density. The spatial and temporal patterns identified in this study provide baseline data for monitoring the success of BT and BGC control activities in La Pampa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Campylobacter/veterinária
Campylobacter fetus/isolamento & purificação
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/epidemiologia
Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Argentina/epidemiologia
Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia
Infecções por Campylobacter/microbiologia
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Técnica Direta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo/veterinária
Incidência
Masculino
Prevalência
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/parasitologia
Fatores de Risco
Esmegma/microbiologia
Esmegma/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1312
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130514
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130514
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130323
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23265811
[Au] Autor:Oyhenart J; Martínez F; Ramírez R; Fort M; Breccia JD
[Ad] Endereço:INCITAP - CONICET - Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, Av. Uruguay 151, 6300 Santa Rosa, La Pampa, Argentina. jorgeoyhenart@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:Loop mediated isothermal amplification of 5.8S rDNA for specific detection of Tritrichomonas foetus.
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;193(1-3):59-65, 2013 Mar 31.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tritrichomonas foetus is the causative agent of bovine trichomonosis, a sexually transmitted disease leading to infertility and abortion. A test based on loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) targeting the 5.8S rDNA subunit was designed for the specific identification of T. foetus. The LAMP assay was validated using 28 T. foetus and 35 non-T. foetus trichomonads strains. It did not exhibit cross-reaction with closely related parasites commonly found in smegma cultures like Tetratrichomonas spp. and Pentatrichomonas hominis. Bovine smegma did not show interferences for the detection of the parasite and, the sensitivity of the method (4×10(3) CFU/mL, approximately 10 cells/reaction) was slightly higher than that found for PCR amplification with TFR3 and TFR4 primers. The LAMP approach has potential applications for diagnosis and control of T. foetus and, practical use for low skill operators in rural areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
DNA de Protozoário/genética
DNA de Protozoário/isolamento & purificação
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/veterinária
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/parasitologia
Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sequência de Bases
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico
DNA Ribossômico/genética
Masculino
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/diagnóstico
Esmegma/parasitologia
Tritrichomonas foetus/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Protozoan); 0 (DNA, Ribosomal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1308
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130218
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121226
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:22178360
[Au] Autor:Mendoza-Ibarra JA; Pedraza-Díaz S; García-Peña FJ; Rojo-Montejo S; Ruiz-Santa-Quiteria JA; San Miguel-Ibáñez E; Navarro-Lozano V; Ortega-Mora LM; Osoro K; Collantes-Fernandez E
[Ad] Endereço:SALUVET, Animal Health Department, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Complutense University of Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:High prevalence of Tritrichomonas foetus infection in Asturiana de la Montaña beef cattle kept in extensive conditions in Northern Spain.
[So] Source:Vet J;193(1):146-51, 2012 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bovine trichomonosis (BT) and bovine genital campylobacteriosis (BGC) are sexually transmitted diseases that can be important infectious causes of reproductive failure in extensively managed beef cattle where natural mating is a common practice. However, their prevalence in Europe was thought to be insignificant or very low. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with BT and BCG in a representative beef cattle breed, Asturiana de la Montaña (AM), which is usually managed extensively in the mountain areas of Northern Spain and putative risk factors associated with the two diseases are present on most farms holding AM cattle. Preputial smegma samples were collected from 103 bulls belonging to 65 herds. Pathogen detection was undertaken using culture and PCR. Two scraping methods for sample collection (AI pipette and plastic scraper), as well as different culture media and DNA extraction methods were evaluated on field samples. Campylobacter fetus veneralis infection was not detected in any animal in any herd. However, Tritrichomonas foetus infection was demonstrated in 32% (33/103) and 41.5% (27/65) of bulls and herds tested, respectively. AM bulls older than 3 years (39.7%) were more likely to be infected than young bulls (16%) (OR=3.45, CI=1.07-11.19). An increase in repeat breeder cows was reported in herds from which T. foetus was detected (OR=5.2, CI=1.5-17.18). These findings highlight the re-emergence of this disease in extensively managed beef cattle in Spain. For routine diagnosis, the use of a culture technique and PCR in combination is advisable for testing smegma samples under field conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia
Campylobacter fetus/isolamento & purificação
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
Infecções Protozoárias em Animais/epidemiologia
Tritrichomonas foetus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Bovinos
Masculino
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
Esmegma/microbiologia
Esmegma/parasitologia
Espanha/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1211
[Cu] Atualização por classe:120710
[Lr] Data última revisão:
120710
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:111220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1016/j.tvjl.2011.09.020


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[PMID]:21872267
[Au] Autor:Anyanwu LJ; Kashibu E; Edwin CP; Mohammad AM
[Ad] Endereço:Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Bayero University Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria. loftyjohnc@yahoo.com
[Ti] Título:Microbiology of smegma in boys in Kano, Nigeria.
[So] Source:J Surg Res;173(1):21-5, 2012 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8673
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to document the common bacteria found in the smegma in the subpreputial space of asymptomatic boys in our environment, their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, and to determine if they differ from those commonly isolated from children with established urinary tract infections in our sub-region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2009 and January 2010, smegma swabs were collected from asymptomatic boys who presented for circumcision in our institution. This was done using aseptic techniques in the theatre, following retraction of the prepuce. The swabs were immediately sent to our microbiology laboratory for microscopy, culture, and sensitivity tests. Bacteria were isolated, identified, and confirmed by standard bacteriological techniques, and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern was determined using the disc diffusion method. A total of 52 boys, with an age range of 7 d to 11 y (median 138.7d), were recruited into the study. RESULTS: A total of 50 bacterial isolates were made. There were 29 gram-positive bacteria (58%) and 21 gram-negative ones (42%). A single isolate was found in 34 boys (65.4%), eight had a mixed isolate (15.4%), while no bacteria was isolated in 10 boys (19.2%). The most commonly isolated gram-negative bacteria was Escherichia coli (90.5%), while the commonly isolated gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus epidermidis (44.8%) and Staphylococcus aureus (41.4%). Most of the bacterial isolates were multi-drug-resistant. CONCLUSION: Smegma in the preputial space of children may be colonized by drug-resistant organisms, the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of which must be determined for an effective treatment of any infection arising in the region.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prepúcio do Pênis/microbiologia
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/epidemiologia
Bactérias Gram-Positivas/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/epidemiologia
Esmegma/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Circuncisão Masculina
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico
Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Nigéria/epidemiologia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico
Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia
Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação
Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1204
[Cu] Atualização por classe:120213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
120213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110830
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1016/j.jss.2011.04.057


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[PMID]:18182000
[Au] Autor:Waskett JH; Morris BJ
[Ti] Título:Re: 'RS Van Howe, FM Hodges. The carcinogenicity of smegma: debunking a myth.' An example of myth and mythchief making?
[So] Source:J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol;22(1):131; author reply 131-2, 2008 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3083
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias Penianas/etiologia
Esmegma
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Circuncisão Masculina
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Mitologia
Razão de Chances
Neoplasias Penianas/patologia
Neoplasias Penianas/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMMENT; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:0803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:080109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
080109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:080110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1468-3083.2007.02439.x


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[PMID]:17767864
[Au] Autor:Li XL; Wang H; Li CQ; Wu YP; Liu JH; Song D; Liu XF; Qiao YL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gynecology and Obstetric, Women and Children Hospital, Xinmi, Henan 452370, China.
[Ti] Título:[Human papillomaviruses infections among village women in Henan province].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi;41 Suppl:77-80, 2007 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0253-9624
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) among village women in Henan and to determine its relevant risk factors. METHODS: A population based cross-sectional study on cervical cancer was conducted among village women in Xinmi, Henan. Women aged 20 - 54 who had sexual intercourse experiences were enrolled in this study. Self-sampling and direct-sampling were used in collecting women's vaginal discharge. 13 high-risk HPVs were tested with HC2 for all of the specimens. Then women with abnormal results did colposcopy and biopsy. The biopsy results were regarded as the golden standard. RESULTS: There were 881 women enrolled in this paper and 881 self-sampling and 880 direct-sampling specimens were collected. The HPVs prevalence rates for the self-sampling and direct-sampling were 13.05% and 12.27%, respectively. Age-specific prevalence rates were 10.57% (20-), 9.60% (25-), 12.00% (30-), 9.52% (35-), 17.60% (40-), 13.74% (45-) and 12.80% (50 - 54). HPV prevalence rates were increased with progression of cervical disease (chi(2) = 200.69, P = 0.00). And HPV prevalence rates were higher in women with more advanced education background (chi(2) = 11.05, P = 0.01). HPV infection rate in women whose husbands have more than one sexual partner was 18.02% and whose husbands have only one sexual partner was 10.88% (chi(2) = 6.37, P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The infection rate of high-risk HPVs in this area is high. The relationship of HPV infection with age has not been observed in this study, but the the sexual activity is the major risk factor for cervical cancer.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
China/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação
Fatores de Risco
População Rural
Esmegma/virologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0905
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:071025
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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