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Pesquisa : A13.491 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29351973
[Au] Autor:Volkmann N; Kemper N
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Behaviour (ITTN), University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Claw condition and claw health in dairy cows: how important is access to pasture?
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(3):76-78, 2018 01 20.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casco e Garras
Coxeadura Animal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Lactação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180121
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.k193


  2 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28720293
[Au] Autor:Miguel-Pacheco GG; Thomas HJ; Huxley JN; Newsome RF; Kaler J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Sutton Bonington, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: svagm@nottingham.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Effect of claw horn lesion type and severity at the time of treatment on outcome of lameness in dairy cows.
[So] Source:Vet J;225:16-22, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prompt diagnosis and treatment of claw horn lesions in cattle affects the likelihood of recovery; however, it is unknown if the type of lesion influences the likelihood of recovery. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the type, severity and frequency of claw horn lesions in newly lame cows (lame for no more than 2 weeks) at the time of corrective foot trimming affects the probability of recovery from lameness after treatment. The images of 112 feet (224 claws) from newly lame cows (n=112; lame in only one hind foot), which were treated with a standardised therapeutic hoof trim only, were used to score claw horn lesions (sole ulcer, sole haemorrhage, white line haemorrhage or white line separation). Most cows (n=107/112; 95.5%) were classified as mildly lame at the time of treatment. The proportion of cows that recovered 2 weeks after therapeutic hoof trimming was 88/112 (78.6%). Results of a multilevel logistic regression model indicated that severely lame cows were less likely to recover than those that were mildly lame (odds ratio, OR, 0.16; P=0.04). White line haemorrhage had a significant negative impact on the likelihood of recovery from lameness (OR 0.14; P>0.01); however, recovery of cows with white line haemorrhage was positively associated with the length of the lesion (OR 1.05; P=0.03). This latter finding may be associated with the severity of the lesion, since mild claw horn lesions affected a significantly larger area of the claw than more severe lesions. The length and type of claw horn lesion were associated with recovery from lameness.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/terapia
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Casco e Garras
Coxeadura Animal/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/terapia
Casco e Garras/patologia
Casco e Garras/fisiopatologia
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Modelos Logísticos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170720
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28697874
[Au] Autor:Thomsen PT; Hansen I; Martin HL; Kudahl AB
[Ad] Endereço:Aarhus University, Department of Animal Science, Tjele, DK-8830, Denmark. Electronic address: ptt@anis.au.dk.
[Ti] Título:Sole haemorrhages in Danish bull calves: Prevalence and risk factors.
[So] Source:Vet J;224:44-45, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To evaluate the prevalence of sole haemorrhages among Danish dairy breed bull calves and associated risk factors, 730 calves were hoof trimmed shortly before slaughter and the presence of sole haemorrhages was recorded. Associations between the outcomes sole haemorrhages and severe sole haemorrhages, and the explanatory variables daily weight gain, liver abscesses and flooring, were analysed. Of the 730 calves, 545 (74.7%) had sole haemorrhages and 119 (16.3%) had severe sole haemorrhages. Calves housed on slatted concrete floors with cubicles had higher odds of sole haemorrhages (odds ratio, OR, 2.69, 95% confidence interval, CI, 1.81-4.00; P<0.001) and severe sole haemorrhages (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.36-3.14; P<0.001) than calves housed on deep litter straw. The odds of severe sole haemorrhages increased with increasing daily weight gain (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.07-1.54 for an increase of 100g/day; P=0.008).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Hemorragia/veterinária
Casco e Garras/irrigação sanguínea
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/epidemiologia
Doenças do Pé/etiologia
Hemorragia/epidemiologia
Hemorragia/etiologia
Abrigo para Animais
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Masculino
Razão de Chances
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170713
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28579048
[Au] Autor:Stoddard GC; Cramer G
[Ad] Endereço:Veterinary Population Medicine Department, University of Minnesota, 225 VMC, 1365 Gortner Avenue, St Paul, MN 55108, USA. Electronic address: stodd038@umn.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Review of the Relationship Between Hoof Trimming and Dairy Cattle Welfare.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract;33(2):365-375, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1558-4240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A narrative integrative review on the evidence for hoof trimming found 16 articles on efficacy, frequency, and associations with behavior and physiologic parameters. Review of these studies revealed (1) hoof trimming is associated with behavior and physiologic changes; (2) increasing the frequency of hoof trimming seems to decrease the incidence of hoof lesions; (3) there is limited research to support any particular technique; and (4) descriptions of the hoof trimming techniques used is inadequate in most articles. To increase scientific support for hoof trimming practices, current knowledge gaps in technique, timing, and frequency of hoof trimming need to be addressed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar do Animal
Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios/métodos
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Casco e Garras/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/cirurgia
Doenças do Pé/patologia
Doenças do Pé/cirurgia
Casco e Garras/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28579046
[Au] Autor:Kofler J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, Clinic for Ruminants, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinaerplatz 1, Vienna A-1210, Austria. Electronic address: Johann.Kofler@vetmeduni.ac.at.
[Ti] Título:Pathogenesis and Treatment of Toe Lesions in Cattle Including "Nonhealing" Toe Lesions.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract;33(2):301-328, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1558-4240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Toe lesions in cattle include apical white line disease, thin soles, toe ulcers, toe necrosis, digital dermatitis-associated toe ulcers/toe necrosis, and fracture of the claw capsule and the apex of the distal phalanx. For anatomic reasons, the early stages of toe abnormalities (thin sole, apical white line disease, toe ulcer) are at risk of developing into a bone infection. The prevalence of toe lesions differs in dairy herds and feedlots: it is low at the animal level in feedlots and dairies; however, the herd prevalence of toe lesions can reach 50% in dairy herds with endemic digital dermatitis infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Casco e Garras/patologia
Coxeadura Animal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico
Doenças dos Bovinos/etiologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico
Doenças do Pé/etiologia
Doenças do Pé/terapia
Coxeadura Animal/diagnóstico
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Coxeadura Animal/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/terapia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28579045
[Au] Autor:Shearer JK; van Amstel SR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, 2436 Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Ames, IA 50011, USA. Electronic address: jks@iastate.edu.
[Ti] Título:Traumatic Lesions of the Sole.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract;33(2):271-281, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1558-4240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Traumatic lesions of the sole are a common cause of lameness in beef and dairy cattle. This article provides a brief description of traumatically induced conditions with specific attention to underlying causes, treatment, and prevention. Lameness, traumatic lesions of the sole, sole punctures, thin soles, thin sole toe ulcers, toe tip necrosis syndrome, and toe abscesses are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Casco e Garras/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/etiologia
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/etiologia
Doenças do Pé/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28558798
[Au] Autor:Earley B; McNamara JD; Jerrams SJ; O'Riordan EG
[Ad] Endereço:Animal and Bioscience Research Department, Animal & Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Teagasc, Grange, Dunsany, Co. Meath, C15 PW93, Ireland. bernadette.earley@teagasc.ie.
[Ti] Título:Effect of concrete slats, three mat types and out-wintering pads on performance and welfare of finishing beef steers.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;59(1):34, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate the effect of placing mats on concrete slatted floors on performance, behaviour, hoof condition, dirt scores, physiological and immunological variables of beef steers, and to compare responses with animals on out-wintering pads. Continental crossbred beef steers [n = 360; mean (±SD) initial live weight 539 kg (42.2)] were blocked by breed and live weight and randomly assigned to one of five treatments; (1) Concrete slats alone, (2) Mat 1 (Natural Rubber structure) (Durapak Rubber Products), (3) Mat 2 (Natural rubber structure) (EasyFix), (4) Mat 3 (modified ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) foam structure) and (5) Out-wintering pads (OWP's). RESULTS: Animals on the OWPs had a greater (P < 0.05) live weight gain (P < 0.05) compared with the slat and Mat 2 treatments: results for Mat 1 and Mat 3 were the same (P > 0.05) as the other treatments. Animals on the OWPs had reduced lying percentage time compared with all the other treatments. Dry matter (DM) intake was greater for animals on the OWPs compared with all the other treatments. Carcass weight, kill out proportion, carcass fat score, carcass composition score, FCR and physiological responses were similar (P > 0.05) among treatments. No incidence of laminitis was observed among treatments. The number of hoof lesions was greater on all mat types (P < 0.05) compared with concrete slats and OWP treatments. Dirt scores were greater (P < 0.05) for animals on OWPs when measured on days 42, 84, 105, 126 and 150 compared with animals on slats. CONCLUSIONS: Under the conditions adopted for the present study, there was no evidence to suggest that animals housed on bare concrete slats were disadvantaged in respect of animal welfare compared with animals housed on other floor types. It is concluded that the welfare of steers was not adversely affected by slats compared with different mat types or OWPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle
Abrigo para Animais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Pisos e Cobertura de Pisos
Casco e Garras
Masculino
Carne Vermelha
Estações do Ano
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0302-3


  8 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28541151
[Au] Autor:Bowker RM; Lancaster LS; Isbell DA
[Ti] Título:Morphological evaluation of Merkel cells and small lamellated sensory receptors in the equine foot.
[So] Source:Am J Vet Res;78(6):659-667, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1943-5681
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE To examine the equine foot for the presence of sensory receptors including Merkel cells and small lamellated Pacinian-like corpuscles (SLPCs). SAMPLE Forefeet obtained from 7 horses following euthanasia for reasons other than foot disease. PROCEDURES Disarticulated feet were cut into either sagittal sections or cross sections and immersed in neutral-buffered 4% formalin. Following fixation, samples were obtained from the midline of the dorsal aspect of the hoof wall and from the frog (cuneus ungulae) between the apex and central sulcus. The formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded hoof wall and frog sections were routinely processed for peroxidase immunohistochemistry and stained with H&E, Alcian blue, and Masson trichrome stains for histologic evaluation. RESULTS Sensory myelinated nerves and specific receptors were identified within the epidermal and dermal tissues of the equine foot including the hoof wall laminae, coronet, and frog. Merkel cells were identified with specific antisera to villin, cytokeratin 20, and protein gene product 9.5 in coronet epidermis and hoof wall. These cells were interspersed among basilar keratinocytes within the frog, coronary epidermis, and secondary epidermal laminae. The SLPCs were present within the superficial dermis associated with the central ridge of the frog (ie, frog stay). Numerous S100 protein and protein gene product 9.5 immunoreactive sensory nerves in close proximity to these receptors were present throughout the dermal tissues within both the frog and hoof wall. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The presence of Merkel cells and SLPCs that are known to detect tactile and vibrational stimuli, respectively, further defined the diverse range of neural elements within the equine foot.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casco e Garras/anatomia & histologia
Cavalos/anatomia & histologia
Células de Merkel/citologia
Células Receptoras Sensoriais/citologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
/anatomia & histologia
Imuno-Histoquímica/veterinária
Proteínas S100/metabolismo
Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (S100 Proteins); EC 3.4.19.12 (Ubiquitin Thiolesterase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2460/ajvr.78.6.659


  9 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28442154
[Au] Autor:Shearer JK; van Amstel SR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University, 2436 Lloyd Veterinary Medical Center, Ames, IA 50011, USA. Electronic address: jks@iastate.edu.
[Ti] Título:Pathogenesis and Treatment of Sole Ulcers and White Line Disease.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract;33(2):283-300, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1558-4240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sole ulcers and white line disease are 2 of the most common claw horn lesions in confined dairy cattle. Predisposing causes include unbalanced weight bearing, and metabolic, enzymatic, and hormonal changes. The white line serves as the junction between the sole and axial and abaxial wall. It is vulnerable to trauma and separation, permitting organic matter to become entrapped. Colonization contributes to retrograde movement of the infection to the solar and perioplic corium, where an abscess forms resulting in pain and lameness. Successful treatment requires an orthopedic foot block to the healthy claw and corrective trimming of the lesion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos
Doenças do Pé/veterinária
Coxeadura Animal
Úlcera/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/etiologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/patologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/terapia
Feminino
Doenças do Pé/etiologia
Doenças do Pé/patologia
Doenças do Pé/terapia
Casco e Garras/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/etiologia
Coxeadura Animal/patologia
Coxeadura Animal/terapia
Úlcera/etiologia
Úlcera/patologia
Úlcera/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 2369 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28434607
[Au] Autor:Cook NB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Veterinary Medicine, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA. Electronic address: nigel.cook@wisc.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Review of the Design and Management of Footbaths for Dairy Cattle.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract;33(2):195-225, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1558-4240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article summarizes current footbath practices, questions the mechanism by which footbaths function, and reviews the available scientific literature testing footbaths in the field. Copper sulfate appears the most efficacious agent to include in a footbath program, but disposal concerns should limit the frequency of its use. Other agents such as formaldehyde have some merit when used with care. Use of water alone in a flush bath appears to have minimal impact. Footbaths should be used as infrequently as possible to achieve lameness prevention goals for the herd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Banhos/veterinária
Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle
Sulfato de Cobre/uso terapêutico
Desinfetantes/uso terapêutico
Doenças do Pé/prevenção & controle
Coxeadura Animal/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Indústria de Laticínios
Casco e Garras/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Disinfectants); LRX7AJ16DT (Copper Sulfate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170425
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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