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[PMID]:28749700
[Au] Autor:Salineiro FCS; Kobayashi-Velasco S; Braga MM; Cavalcanti MGP
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Stomatology, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Radiographic diagnosis of root fractures: a systematic review, meta-analyses and sources of heterogeneity.
[So] Source:Dentomaxillofac Radiol;46(8):20170400, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0250-832X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Many studies to evaluate the accuracy of root fracture diagnosis have been conducted. However, there is a scarcity of studies to assess the quality and the sources of heterogeneity in the literature. For this reason, the aim of this study was to conduct systematic reviews and meta-analyses to summarize the available evidence on detection of root fractures by cone beam CT (CBCT) and periapical radiograph (PR) images and the interference of artefact by investigating possible sources of heterogeneity. METHODS: Studies reporting root fracture detection, from January 2010 to February 2016, were selected. All selected studies were subjected to selection criteria and then, comparative and qualitative analyses by using the quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2) tool were performed. Pooled sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic odds ratios were calculated. Also, receiver operator characteristics (ROC) curves were built to summarize the results. SROC curve analyses were performed to investigate the heterogeneity among studies. RESULTS: Initially, 799 articles were selected. After screening titles and abstracts, 743 articles were excluded. After reading the remaining 56 full-texts, 47 relevant articles were included in this study. Diagnostic odds ratio values revealed a wide range of results across the studies and determined a higher heterogeneity for PR compared with CBCT. The analyses of the SROC curves compared CBCT imaging versus PR in the diagnosis of root fracture, favouring CBCT modality. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT was the imaging exam that rendered a higher diagnostic accuracy for root fractures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
Radiografia Dentária Digital/métodos
Fraturas dos Dentes/diagnóstico por imagem
Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
Raiz Dentária/lesões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Artefatos
Seres Humanos
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1259/dmfr.20170400


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[PMID]:29254292
[Au] Autor:Cantore S; Ballini A; De Vito D; Martelli FS; Georgakopoulos I; Almasri M; Dibello V; Altini V; Farronato G; Dipalma G; Farronato D; Inchingolo F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of human apical papilla-derived stem cells.
[So] Source:J Biol Regul Homeost Agents;31(4):901-910, 2017 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0393-974X
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dental tissues represent an alternative and promising source of post-natal Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for tissue engineering. Furthermore, dental stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs) cells can be obtained from the wisdom tooth which is unnecessary for human masticatory function and frequently extracted for orthodontic reasons or dysodontiasis. More precisely, apical papilla is the immature, mostly uncalcified, precursor of the tooth root, therefore is composed of more undifferentiated cells than dental pulp. In addition, tooth extraction, especially by piezosurgery technique, can be considered less invasive in comparison to bone marrow or other tissues biopsy. Our work is aimed to investigate the safety of and predictable procedure on surgical immature third molar extraction and to provide new insight on SCAP research for future biomedical applications. The isolated cells were examined for stem cell properties by analyzing their colony-forming efficiency, differentiation characteristics and the expression of MSC markers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Polpa Dentária/citologia
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/citologia
Osteogênese/genética
Raiz Dentária/citologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Biomarcadores/metabolismo
Diferenciação Celular
Proliferação Celular
Separação Celular
Criança
Ensaio de Unidades Formadoras de Colônias
Polpa Dentária/metabolismo
Feminino
Expressão Gênica
Seres Humanos
Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a Fator de Crescimento Semelhante a Insulina/metabolismo
Masculino
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/metabolismo
Dente Molar/cirurgia
Membro 2 do Grupo A da Subfamília 4 de Receptores Nucleares/genética
Membro 2 do Grupo A da Subfamília 4 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo
Engenharia Tecidual
Extração Dentária
Raiz Dentária/metabolismo
Fatores de Transcrição/genética
Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins); 0 (JunB protein, human); 0 (NR4A2 protein, human); 0 (Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 4, Group A, Member 2); 0 (Transcription Factors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29407497
[Au] Autor:Chan E; Dalci O; Petocz P; Papadopoulou AK; Darendeliler MA
[Ad] Endereço:Discipline of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sydney, Sydney Dental Hospital, Sydney Local Health District, Surry Hills, New South Wales, Australia. Electronic address: Emmanuel.y.chan@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Physical properties of root cementum: Part 26. Effects of micro-osteoperforations on orthodontic root resorption: A microcomputed tomography study.
[So] Source:Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;153(2):204-213, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6752
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Studies have demonstrated the potential efficacy of micro-osteoperforations in accelerating tooth movement by amplifying the expression of inflammatory markers. The aim of this investigation was to examine the effects of micro-osteoperforations on orthodontic root resorption with microcomputed tomography. METHODS: This prospective controlled clinical trial involved 20 subjects requiring extraction of the maxillary first premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment. A buccal tipping force of 150 g was applied to both premolars. Using the Propel appliance (Propel Orthodontics, San Jose, Calif), micro-osteoperforations were applied at a depth of 5 mm on the mesial and distal aspects in the midroot region of the experimental side of the first premolar root; the contralateral side served as the control. After 28 days, both premolars were extracted. The teeth were scanned under microcomputed tomography, and the volumes of root resorption craters were calculated and compared. RESULTS: Premolars treated with micro-osteoperforation exhibited significantly greater average total amounts of root resorption than did the control teeth (0.576 vs 0.406 mm ). The total average volumetric root loss of premolars treated with micro-osteoperforation was 42% greater than that of the control teeth. CONCLUSIONS: This 28-day trial showed that micro-osteoperforations resulted in greater orthodontic root resorption. However, these results should be verified in patients who are undergoing full-length orthodontic treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cemento Dentário/fisiopatologia
Reabsorção da Raiz/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Dente Pré-Molar/cirurgia
Criança
Cemento Dentário/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem
Extração Dentária/métodos
Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos
Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos
Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
Raiz Dentária/fisiopatologia
Microtomografia por Raio-X
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28467628
[Au] Autor:Couoh LR
[Ad] Endereço:Postgraduate Division, Faculty of Philosophy and Literature, Institute of Anthropological Research, The National Autonomous University of Mexico [UNAM], Coyoacán, Mexico city, 04510, Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Differences between biological and chronological age-at-death in human skeletal remains: A change of perspective.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;163(4):671-695, 2017 08.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This analysis seeks to determine whether differences between real and estimated chronological age (CA) with biological age (BA) in skeletal individuals reflect variability in aging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 87 individuals of two samples, ranging from 20 to 94 years old, were analyzed. One, partially documented, belongs to a Mexican skeletal collection dating to the 20th century; the other is an assemblage of prehispanic individuals from different archaeological sites. In all specimens, the tooth annulation method (TCA) was applied to estimate CA, while-excluding individuals older than 80 years-auricular surface (AS) and pubic symphysis (PS) methods were used to estimate BA. Statistical analyses were conducted to identify correlations and significance of the differences between CA vs. TCA, CA vs. AS/PS, TCA vs. AS/PS. Sex of individuals was assessed for its influence in aging. RESULTS: The use of TCA to estimate CA was successful for most individuals. A strong correlation was found between CA vs. TCA, CA vs. AS/PS, TCA vs. AS/PS and their differences were significant but variation in these were found when assessed by separate age groups. Sex did not influence such differences. DISCUSSION: TCA can be used to estimate CA and its differences with BA, being less than 10 years, are similar to those found in living populations. Differences between CA and BA are due to intra-population variability, which could be the consequence of individual differences in aging. More research is needed to have confidence that under- and overestimations of BA are indicators of aging variability at the level of the individual.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Determinação da Idade pelo Esqueleto/métodos
Determinação da Idade pelos Dentes/métodos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Antropologia Física
Cemento Dentário/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Índios Centro-Americanos
Masculino
México
Meia-Idade
Modelos Estatísticos
Raiz Dentária/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23236


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[PMID]:28468157
[Au] Autor:Vieira BS; de Oliveira AR; Rodas MR; Maia LP; Dos Santos PL; Silveira EMV
[Ad] Endereço:*Pinelli Henriques Center West School (COPH) †Sagrado Coração Univeristy (USC), Bauru ‡University of Western São Paulo (UNOESTE), Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of Two Screw-Retained Free Gingival Grafting Techniques.
[So] Source:J Craniofac Surg;28(3):746-749, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-3732
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Free gingival graft is a predictable technique for increasing the amount of attached gingiva and root coverage; however, its use is limited for cosmetic reasons. To overcome this issue, this study sought to compare 2 free gingival graft techniques that use oral screws to attach grafts. Free gingival graft was performed on teeth 44 to 46 using the traditional technique, while on the opposite side, on teeth 34 to 36, partly epithelialized free gingival grafts were performed. The partly epithelialized free gingival grafts were found to provide better cosmetic results relative to the completely epithelialized free gingival graft, and the use of stabilizing screws was found to be simple and effective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parafusos Ósseos
Retalhos de Tecido Biológico
Gengiva/transplante
Retração Gengival/cirurgia
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/métodos
Raiz Dentária/cirurgia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/SCS.0000000000003460


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[PMID]:28744587
[Au] Autor:Nakamura S; Ando M; Hamaguchi HO; Yamamoto M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Periodontology, Showa University School of Dentistry, 2-1-1, Kitasenzoku, Ohta-ku, Tokyo, 145-8515, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of root surface properties by fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio.
[So] Source:Lasers Med Sci;32(8):1857-1863, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1435-604X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study is to evaluate the existence of residual calculus on root surfaces by determining the fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio. Thirty-two extracted human teeth, partially covered with calculus on the root surface, were evaluated by using a portable Raman spectrophotometer, and a 785-nm, 100-mW laser was applied for fluorescence/Raman excitation. The collected spectra were normalized to the hydroxyapatite Raman band intensity at 960 cm . Raman spectra were recorded from the same point after changing the focal distance of the laser and the target radiating angle. In seven teeth, the condition of calculus, cementum, and dentin were evaluated. In 25 teeth, we determined the fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio following three strokes of debridement. Raman spectra collected from the dentin, cementum, and calculus were different. After normalization, spectra values were constant. The fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio of calculus region showed significant differences compared to the cementum and dentin (p < 0.05). The fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio decreased with calculus debridement. For this analysis, the delta value was defined as the difference between the values before and after three strokes, with the final 2 delta values close to zero, indicating a gradual asymptotic curve and the change in intensity ratio approximating that of individual constants. Fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio was effectively used to cancel the angle- and distance-dependent fluctuations of fluorescence collection efficiency during measurement. Changes in the fluorescence/Raman intensity ratio near zero suggested that cementum or dentin was exposed, and calculus removed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cálculos Dentários/diagnóstico
Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
Raiz Dentária/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desbridamento
Fluorescência
Seres Humanos
Propriedades de Superfície
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10103-017-2291-x


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[PMID]:29235762
[Au] Autor:Ruddle CJ
[Ti] Título:Locating Canals: Strategies, Armamentarium, and Techniques.
[So] Source:Dent Today;36(2):122-5, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:8750-2186
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia
Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Instrumentos Odontológicos
Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem
Seres Humanos
Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29173863
[Au] Autor:Kula TJ; Ghoneima A; Eckert G; Parks ET; Utreja A; Kula K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthodontics and Oral Facial Genetics, School of Dentistry, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Ind.
[Ti] Título:Two-dimensional vs 3-dimensional comparison of alveolar bone over maxillary incisors with A-point as a reference.
[So] Source:Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;152(6):836-847.e2, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6752
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to compare, relative to A-point, (1) bone thickness over the most forward maxillary incisor (MFMI) in 2 dimensions vs 3 dimensions, and (2) bone thickness and inclination of each maxillary incisor in 3 dimensions. METHODS: Thirty-four cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images were coded, and 2-dimensional (2D) cephalograms were derived from each image using Dolphin software (Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, Calif). A-point and the MFMI crown were located. After reliability tests, alveolar bone buccal to 3 points on the MFMI root, bone to reference line Frankfort horizontal (FH)-A-point, and incisor inclination were measured. This procedure was repeated on the 3-dimensional (3D) CBCT images comparing MFMI with all maxillary incisors. The 2D and 3D measurements were compared using paired t tests, and 3D measurements were compared with analysis of variance. A 5% significance level was used for all tests. RESULTS: The MFMI's buccal bone thickness at the root apices and the distance between buccal bone and FH-A-point line at 2 root points were significantly greater in 2 dimensions than in 3 dimensions. In 3 dimensions, bone thickness at MFMI's root apex and the distance from FH-A-point line at all root points were significantly greater than those of the lateral incisors. Bone buccal to MFMI was significantly smaller than at the lateral incisors 3 mm from the cementoenamel junction. CONCLUSIONS: Evaluation of 2D CBCT derivations can result in overestimation of alveolar bone buccal to the maxillary incisor root apices compared with 3D evaluations. The anterior nasal spine obscures bone measurements over the maxillary incisors in 2 dimensions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Processo Alveolar/anatomia & histologia
Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
Imagem Tridimensional
Incisivo
Maxila/anatomia & histologia
Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
Raiz Dentária/anatomia & histologia
Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171211
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171211
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 12060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29172340
[Au] Autor:Noorani TY
[Ti] Título:Treatment of complicated crown or crown-root fracture: some additional information.
[So] Source:Dent Update;44(3):262, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0305-5000
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coroa do Dente
Fraturas dos Dentes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Coroas
Seres Humanos
Incisivo
Raiz Dentária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 12060 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28962733
[Au] Autor:Kim SH; Son WS; Yamaguchi T; Maki K; Kim SS; Park SB; Kim YI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute, Pusan National University Dental Hospital, Yangsan, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Assessment of the root apex position of impacted maxillary canines on panoramic films.
[So] Source:Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop;152(4):489-493, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6752
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to analyze the root apex positions of impacted maxillary canines on panoramic radiographs according to their labiopalatal positions and to propose a new panoramic radiographic predictor of impacted maxillary canines. METHODS: Paired panoramic films and cone-beam computed tomography images of 104 patients with unilateral impacted maxillary canines were selected. The sector locations of the impacted canine root apices on the panoramic radiographs were compared with the labiopalatal positions of impacted maxillary canines on cone-beam computed tomography. Statistical correlations between panoramic and cone-beam computed tomography findings were examined with the chi-square test. RESULTS: A statistically significant association was observed between the sector locations of impacted canine root apices and the labiopalatal positions of the canines (P <0.001). The root apices of labially impacted canines were more frequently located in sector 2 (corresponding to the lateral incisor position), those of palatally impacted canines were more frequently located in sector 4 (corresponding to the first premolar), and those of midalveolus impacted canines were more frequently located in sector 3 (corresponding to the canine). CONCLUSIONS: On panoramic films, the root apices of palatally impacted canines tended toward the root apices of the maxillary first premolars, whereas those of labially impacted canines tended toward the root apices of the maxillary lateral incisors. Therefore, the sector locations of impacted canine root apices on panoramic radiographs could be used for the early prediction of maxillary canine impactions and determination of the labiopalatal positions of impacted canines.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico
Dente Canino/diagnóstico por imagem
Radiografia Panorâmica
Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem
Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Maxila
Raiz Dentária/patologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171001
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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