Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:29447189
[Au] Autor:Saleem AR; Brunetti C; Khalid A; Della Rocca G; Raio A; Emiliani G; De Carlo A; Mahmood T; Centritto M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Bahria University Islamabad Campus, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:Drought response of Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. inoculated with ACC deaminase and IAA producing rhizobacteria.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191218, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drought is one of the major constraints limiting agricultural production worldwide and is expected to increase in the future. Limited water availability causes significant effects to plant growth and physiology. Plants have evolved different traits to mitigate the stress imposed by drought. The presence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could play an important role in improving plant performances and productivity under drought. These beneficial microorganisms colonize the rhizosphere of plants and increase drought tolerance by lowering ethylene formation. In the present study, we demonstrate the potential to improve the growth of velvet bean under water deficit conditions of two different strains of PGPR with ACCd (1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylate deaminase) activity isolated from rainfed farming system. We compared uninoculated and inoculated plants with PGPR to assess: a) photosynthetic performance and biomass; b) ACC content and ethylene emission from leaves and roots; c) leaf isoprene emission. Our results provided evidence that under drought conditions inoculation with PGPR containing the ACCd enzyme could improve plant growth compared to untreated plants. Ethylene emission from roots and leaves of inoculated velvet bean plants was significantly lower than uninoculated plants. Moreover, isoprene emission increased with drought stress progression and was higher in inoculated plants compared to uninoculated counterparts. These findings clearly illustrate that selected PGPR strains isolated from rainfed areas could be highly effective in promoting plant growth under drought conditions by decreasing ACC and ethylene levels in plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mucuna/metabolismo
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo
Rhizobiaceae/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomassa
Carbono-Carbono Liases/metabolismo
Secas
Etilenos/biossíntese
Mucuna/fisiologia
Fotossíntese
Desenvolvimento Vegetal
Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/fisiologia
Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Rhizobiaceae/genética
Rizosfera
Microbiologia do Solo
Água/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ethylenes); 0 (Plant Growth Regulators); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 91GW059KN7 (ethylene); EC 3.5.99.7 (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase); EC 4.1.- (Carbon-Carbon Lyases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191218


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[PMID]:29258485
[Au] Autor:Aït Hamza M; Ali N; Tavoillot J; Fossati-Gaschignard O; Boubaker H; El Mousadik A; Mateille T
[Ad] Endereço:Faculté Des Sciences, Laboratoire LBVRN, Université Ibn Zohr, BP 8106, 80000, Agadir, Morocco. mohamed.aithamza@edu.uiz.ac.ma.
[Ti] Título:Diversity of root-knot nematodes in Moroccan olive nurseries and orchards: does Meloidogyne javanica disperse according to invasion processes?
[So] Source:BMC Ecol;17(1):41, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6785
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Root-knot nematodes (RKN) are major pest of olive tree (Olea europaea ssp. europaea), especially in nurseries and high-density orchards. Soil samples were collected from main olive growing areas of Morocco, to characterize Meloidogyne species and to discuss the contribution of biotic and abiotic factors in their spatial distribution. RESULTS: RKN were found in 159 soil samples out of 305 from nurseries (52.1% occurrence) and in 11 out of 49 soil samples from orchards (23.2% occurrence). Biochemical and molecular characterisation (PAGE esterase and SCAR) revealed the dominance of M. javanica both in nurseries and orchards with minor presence of M. incognita only in nurseries, and M. arenaria in only one nursery. RKN were distributed on aggregated basis. Frequent presence of M. javanica in orchards might have come from nurseries. In contrast, the detection of M. incognita in nurseries alone suggests that this species could not reproduce in orchards because of either the competition with other plant-parasitic nematodes or unfit local habitats. The impact of environmental variables (climate, habitat origin and physicochemical characteristics of the substrates) on the distribution of Meloidogyne species is also discussed. CONCLUSION: Olive nurseries in Morocco are not able to guarantee the safety of rooted plants. As a result, olive production systems are exposed to strong RKN invasion risks. Consequently, the use of healthy substrates in nurseries may prevent plant-parasitic nematode induction in orchards.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Olea/parasitologia
Doenças das Plantas/parasitologia
Tylenchoidea/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biota
Marrocos
Raízes de Plantas/parasitologia
Solo/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12898-017-0153-9


  3 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29175407
[Au] Autor:Patra DK; Pradhan C; Patra HK
[Ad] Endereço:Post-Graduate Department of Botany, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar 751004, India.
[Ti] Título:An in situ study of growth of Lemongrass Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) W. Watson on varying concentration of Chromium (Cr ) on soil and its bioaccumulation: Perspectives on phytoremediation potential and phytostabilisation of chromium toxicity.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;193:793-799, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chromium (Cr) contamination in soil is a growing concern in sustainable agricultural production and food safety. Remediation of Cr from contaminated soils is a challenging task which may not only help in sustaining agriculture but also in minimizing adverse environmental impacts. Pot culture experiments were performed with the application of varied concentration of Cr to assess the Chromium accumulation potential of Lemongrass and to study the impact of toxic concentration of Cr on morphological, physiological and biochemical parameters of the plant. The results showed an increasing accumulation trend of Chromium with increasing Chromium concentrations in both root and shoot of 60 days old Lemongrass plants, while the protein and chlorophyll contents decreased. Similarly, accumulation of Cr increased the levels of proline and antioxidant enzymes indicating the enhanced damage control activity. The potentiality of the plant with the capacity to accumulate and stabilize Cr compound in Cr contaminated soil by phytoremediation process has been explored in the present investigation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodegradação Ambiental
Cromo/farmacocinética
Cromo/toxicidade
Cymbopogon/metabolismo
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes/metabolismo
Clorofila/metabolismo
Cromo/análise
Cymbopogon/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Poluentes do Solo/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0R0008Q3JB (Chromium); 1406-65-1 (Chlorophyll)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28938141
[Au] Autor:Ye X; Li H; Zhang L; Chai R; Tu R; Gao H
[Ad] Endereço:Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Farmland Ecological Conservation and Pollution Prevention, School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, 130 Changjiang West Road, Hefei 230036, China.
[Ti] Título:Amendment damages the function of continuous flooding in decreasing Cd and Pb uptake by rice in acid paddy soil.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:708-714, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Combinations of remediation technologies are needed to solve the problem of soil contamination in paddy rice, due to multiple potential toxic elements (PTEs). Two potential mitigation methods, water management and in-situ remediation by soil amendment, have been widely used in treatment of PTE-polluted paddy soil. However, the interactive relationship between soil amendment and water management, and its influence on the accumulation of PTEs in rice are poorly understood. Greenhouse pot experiments were conducted to examine the effects of phosphate amendment on Cd and Pb availability in soil and their influence on Cd and Pb uptake into rice, on Fe and P availability in soil, and on the alteration of Fe amount and compartment on root surface among different water management strategies. Results indicated that Cd and Pb content in the shoot and grain were significantly affected by the different water management strategies in nonamended soils, and followed the order: wetting irrigation > conventional irrigation > continuous flooding. The application of phosphate amendment significantly decreased the variations of Cd and Pb absorption in shoot and grain of rice among different water treatments. The reasons may be attributed to the enhancement of P availability and the decrease of Fe availability in soil, and the decreased variations of Fe /Fe content in root coating after the application of phosphate amendment. These results suggested that the simultaneous use of phosphate amendment and continuous flooding to immobilize Cd and Pb, especially in acid paddy soils, should be avoided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Irrigação Agrícola/métodos
Cádmio/análise
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental/métodos
Chumbo/análise
Oryza/química
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácidos
China
Grãos Comestíveis/química
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Modelos Teóricos
Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Raízes de Plantas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acids); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); 2P299V784P (Lead)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28457165
[Au] Autor:de Simone A; Hubbard R; de la Torre NV; Velappan Y; Wilson M; Considine MJ; Soppe WJJ; Foyer CH
[Ad] Endereço:1 Centre for Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds , Leeds, United Kingdom .
[Ti] Título:Redox Changes During the Cell Cycle in the Embryonic Root Meristem of Arabidopsis thaliana.
[So] Source:Antioxid Redox Signal;27(18):1505-1519, 2017 Dec 20.
[Is] ISSN:1557-7716
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize redox changes in the nuclei and cytosol occurring during the mitotic cell cycle in the embryonic roots of germinating Arabidopsis seedlings, and to determine how redox cycling was modified in mutants with a decreased capacity for ascorbate synthesis. RESULTS: Using an in vivo reduction-oxidation (redox) reporter (roGFP2), we show that transient oxidation of the cytosol and the nuclei occurred at G1 in the synchronized dividing cells of the Arabidopsis root apical meristem, with reduction at G2 and mitosis. This redox cycle was absent from low ascorbate mutants in which nuclei were significantly more oxidized than controls. The cell cycle-dependent increase in nuclear size was impaired in the ascorbate-deficient mutants, which had fewer cells per unit area in the root proliferation zone. The transcript profile of the dry seeds and size of the imbibed seeds was strongly influenced by low ascorbate but germination, dormancy release and seed aging characteristics were unaffected. INNOVATION: These data demonstrate the presence of a redox cycle within the plant cell cycle and that the redox state of the nuclei is an important factor in cell cycle progression. CONCLUSIONS: Controlled oxidation is a key feature of the early stages of the plant cell cycle. However, sustained mild oxidation restricts nuclear functions and impairs progression through the cell cycle leading to fewer cells in the root apical meristem. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 27, 1505-1519.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Meristema/embriologia
Oxirredução
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arabidopsis/embriologia
Arabidopsis/genética
Ciclo Celular
Núcleo Celular/genética
Núcleo Celular/metabolismo
Citosol/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Germinação
Meristema/genética
Raízes de Plantas/embriologia
Raízes de Plantas/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/ars.2016.6959


  6 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28455256
[Au] Autor:Kim JH; Cho CW; Kim HY; Kim KT; Choi GS; Kim HH; Cho IS; Kwon SJ; Choi SK; Yoon JY; Yang SY; Kang JS; Kim YH
[Ad] Endereço:College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea; Department of Horticultural and Crop Environment, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Wanju, 55365, Republic of Korea; Advanced Radiation Technology Institute, Korea Atomic Energy Research I
[Ti] Título:α-Glucosidase inhibition by prenylated and lavandulyl compounds from Sophora flavescens roots and in silico analysis.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:960-969, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The enzyme α-glucosidase is a good drug target for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Four minor flavonoids (1-4) from roots of Sophora flavescens showed the inhibitory activity, with IC values ranging from 11.0±0.3 to 50.6±1.3µM, toward α-glucosidase. An enzyme kinetics analysis of them revealed that the compounds 1 and 4 were non-competitive, and compounds 2 and 3 were un-competitive inhibitors. For molecular docking, 3-dimensional structure of α-glucosidase was built by homology modeling. As the result, four compounds 1-4 were confirmed to interact into common binding site of α-glucosidase. In addition, all of the four prenylated and lavandulyl compounds (1-4) were abundant in an ethyl acetate fraction separated from a methanol extract, and the potential inhibitor (3) was extracted best using tetrahydrofuran.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Simulação por Computador
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Raízes de Plantas/química
Prenilação
Sophora/química
Terpenos/química
alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
Extratos Vegetais/química
Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
Conformação Proteica
alfa-Glucosidases/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Terpenes); EC 3.2.1.20 (alpha-Glucosidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29441970
[Au] Autor:Ohkura N; Ohnishi K; Taniguchi M; Nakayama A; Usuba Y; Fujita M; Fujii A; Ishibashi K; Baba K; Atsumi G
[Ti] Título:Anti-platelet effects of chalcones from Koidzumi (Ashitaba) .
[So] Source:Pharmazie;71(11):651-654, 2016 Nov 02.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7144
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Angelica keiskei Koidzumi (Ashitaba) is a traditional folk medicine that is also regarded in Japan as a health food with potential antithrombotic properties. The ability of the major chalcones, xanthoangelol (XA) and 4-hydroxyderricin (4-HD) extracted from Ashitaba roots to inhibit platelet aggregation activity in vitro was recently determined. However, the anti-platelet activities of Ashitaba chalcones in vivo have remained unclear. The present study examines the anti-platelet effects of Ashitaba exudate and its constituent chalcones using mouse tail-bleeding models that reflect platelet aggregation in vivo. Ashitaba exudate and the major chalcone subtype XA, suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced shortening of mouse tail bleeding. However, trace amounts of other Ashitaba chalcone subtypes including xanthoangelols B (XB), D (XD), E (XE) and F (XF) did not affect tail bleeding. These results suggest that the major chalcone subtype in Ashitaba, XA, has anti-platelet-activities in vivo.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Angelica/química
Chalconas/farmacologia
Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Chalconas/química
Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico
Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores
Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia
Masculino
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
Raízes de Plantas/química
Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos
Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Chalcones); 0 (Lipopolysaccharides); 0 (Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1691/ph.2016.6678


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[PMID]:28968942
[Au] Autor:Tran TAT; Dinh QT; Cui Z; Huang J; Wang D; Wei T; Liang D; Sun X; Ning P
[Ad] Endereço:College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.
[Ti] Título:Comparing the influence of selenite (Se ) and selenate (Se ) on the inhibition of the mercury (Hg) phytotoxicity to pak choi.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:897-904, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Selenite (Se (IV)) and selenate (Se (IV)) have recently been demonstrated to be equally effective in inhibiting mercury (Hg) phytotoxicity to plants. This assertion is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential effects of Se species (Se and Se ) on the inhibition of the mercury (Hg) bioavailability to pak choi in dry land. Pot experiments with exposure to different dosages of mercuric chloride (HgCl ) and selenite (Na SeO ) or selenate (Na SeO ) were treated. To compare the influence of Se (IV) and Se (VI) on the bioaccumulation and bioavailability of Hg, the levels of total Hg in different pak choi (Brassica chinensis L.) tissues (roots and shoots) and the distribution changes of Hg fractions in soil before planting and after harvest were determined as well as the Hg I values in soils (relative binding intensity) were analyzed. Results showed that application Se (IV) reduced the concentrations of Hg in pak choi roots more than Se (VI). Hg concentrations were also decreased in pak choi shoots in Se (IV) treatments, while which notably increased in Se (VI) treatments. Thus, Se (IV) plays a more important role than Se (VI) in limiting the absorption and bioaccumulation of Hg in pak choi. Moreover, this inhibition may only significantly occur when Se (IV) is at an appropriate level (2.5mg/kg). In addition, the good correlations between the proportions of mobile Hg fractions (soluble and exchangeable fractions), I values with the Hg concentrations in plants were observed. This affirmed the importance of the Hg fractions transformation and the I indicator of Hg in the assessment of their bioavailability. Our findings regarding the importance of Se (IV) influence in reducing Hg bioaccumulation not only provided the correct appraisal about the effect of Se species on the inhibition of the Hg phytotoxicity to pak choi in dry land, but also be a good reference for selecting Se fertilizer forms (Se or Se ).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Brassica/efeitos dos fármacos
Mercúrio/toxicidade
Ácido Selênico/farmacologia
Ácido Selenioso/farmacologia
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disponibilidade Biológica
Brassica/metabolismo
China
Fertilizantes
Mercúrio/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fertilizers); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); F6A27P4Q4R (Selenious Acid); FXS1BY2PGL (Mercury); HV0Y51NC4J (Selenic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28968940
[Au] Autor:Li Z; Wang P; Menzies NW; Kopittke PM
[Ad] Endereço:The University of Queensland, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4072, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Defining appropriate methods for studying toxicities of trace metals in nutrient solutions.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:872-880, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The use of inappropriate experimental conditions for examining trace metal phytotoxicity results in data of questionable value. The present study aimed to identify suitable parameters for study of phytotoxic metals in nutrient solutions. First, the literature was reviewed to determine the concentration of six metals (Cd, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn) from solution of contaminated soils. Next, the effects of pH, P, Cl, NO , and four Fe-chelators were investigated by using thermodynamic modelling and by examining changes in root elongation rate of soybean (Glycine max cv. Bunya). The literature review identified that the solution concentrations of metals in soils were low, ranging from (µM) 0.069-11Cd, 0.19-15.8 Cu, 0.000027-0.000079 Hg, 1.0-8.7 Ni, 0.004-0.55 Pb, and 0.4-36.3 Zn. For studies in nutrient solution, pH should generally be low given its effects on solubility and speciation, as should the P concentration due to the formation of insoluble phosphate salts. The concentrations of Cl, NO , and various chelators also influence metal toxicity through alteration of metal speciation. The nutrient solutions used to study metal toxicity should consider environmentally-relevant conditions especially for metal concentrations, with concentrations of other components added at levels that do not substantially alter metal toxicity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Hidroponia
Metais Pesados/toxicidade
Feijão de Soja/efeitos dos fármacos
Oligoelementos/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Metais Pesados/análise
Modelos Teóricos
Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Solubilidade
Soluções
Feijão de Soja/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Termodinâmica
Oligoelementos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals, Heavy); 0 (Solutions); 0 (Trace Elements)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 40536 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28968923
[Au] Autor:Filipovic L; Romic M; Romic D; Filipovic V; Ondrasek G
[Ad] Endereço:University of Zagreb Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Soil Amelioration, Svetosimunska 2510000 Zagreb, Croatia. Electronic address: lfilipovic@agr.hr.
[Ti] Título:Organic matter and salinity modify cadmium soil (phyto)availability.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:824-831, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although Cd availability depends on its total concentration in soil, it is ultimately defined by the processes which control its mobility, transformations and soil solution speciation. Cd mobility between different soil fractions can be significantly affected by certain pedovariables such as soil organic matter (SOM; over formation of metal-organic complexes) and/or soil salinity (over formation of metal-inorganic complexes). Phytoavailable Cd fraction may be described as the proportion of the available Cd in soil which is actually accessible by roots and available for plant uptake. Therefore, in a greenhouse pot experiment Cd availability was observed in the rhizosphere of faba bean exposed to different levels of SOM, NaCl salinity (50 and 100mM) and Cd contamination (5 and 10mgkg ). Cd availability in soil does not linearly follow its total concentration. Still, increasing soil Cd concentration may lead to increased Cd phytoavailability if the proportion of Cd pool in soil solution is enhanced. Reduced Cd (phyto)availability by raised SOM was found, along with increased proportion of Cd-DOC complexes in soil solution. Data suggest decreased Cd soil (phyto)availability with the application of salts. NaCl salinity affected Cd speciation in soil solution by promoting the formation of CdCl complexes. Results possibly suggest that increased Cd mobility in soil does not result in its increased availability if soil adsorption capacity for Cd has not been exceeded. Accordingly, chloro-complex possibly operated just as a Cd carrier between different soil fractions and resulted only in transfer between solid phases and not in increased (phyto)availability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cádmio/análise
Substâncias Húmicas/análise
Salinidade
Poluentes do Solo/análise
Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disponibilidade Biológica
Croácia
Modelos Teóricos
Raízes de Plantas/química
Rizosfera
Cloreto de Sódio/análise
Vicia faba/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Humic Substances); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 00BH33GNGH (Cadmium); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171004
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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