Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.050.116.500 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 2164 [refinar]
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  1 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29408920
[Au] Autor:Dumas SE; Kassa L; Young SL; Travis AJ
[Ad] Endereço:Master of Public Health program, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Examining the association between livestock ownership typologies and child nutrition in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0191339, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between livestock ownership and dietary diversity, animal-source food consumption, height-for-age z-score, and stunting among children living in wildlife "buffer zones" of Zambia's Luangwa Valley using a novel livestock typology approach. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 838 children aged 6-36 months. Households were categorized into typologies based on the types and numbers of animals owned, ranging from no livestock to large numbers of mixed livestock. We used multilevel mixed-effects linear and logistic regression to examine the association between livestock typologies and four nutrition-related outcomes of interest. Results were compared with analyses using more common binary and count measures of livestock ownership. RESULTS: No measure of livestock ownership was significantly associated with children's odds of animal-source food consumption, child height-for-age z-score, or stunting odds. Livestock ownership Type 2 (having a small number of poultry) was surprisingly associated with decreased child dietary diversity (ß = -0.477; p<0.01) relative to owning no livestock. Similarly, in comparison models, chicken ownership was negatively associated with dietary diversity (ß = -0.320; p<0.01), but increasing numbers of chickens were positively associated with dietary diversity (ß = 0.022; p<0.01). Notably, neither child dietary diversity nor animal-source food consumption was significantly associated with height, perhaps due to unusually high prevalences of morbidities. CONCLUSIONS: Our novel typologies methodology allowed for an efficient and a more in-depth examination of the differential impact of livestock ownership patterns compared to typical binary or count measures of livestock ownership. We found that these patterns were not positively associated with child nutrition outcomes in this context. Development and conservation programs focusing on livestock must carefully consider the complex, context-specific relationship between livestock ownership and nutrition outcomes-including how livestock are utilized by the target population-when attempting to use livestock as a means of improving child nutrition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Infantil
Gado
Propriedade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Zâmbia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191339


  2 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29385198
[Au] Autor:Wang J; Zhang T; Lu Y; Zhou G; Chen Q; Niu B
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Key Laboratory of Bio-Energy Crops, School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, P. R. China.
[Ti] Título:Vesicular stomatitis forecasting based on Google Trends.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192141, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Vesicular stomatitis (VS) is an important viral disease of livestock. The main feature of VS is irregular blisters that occur on the lips, tongue, oral mucosa, hoof crown and nipple. Humans can also be infected with vesicular stomatitis and develop meningitis. This study analyses 2014 American VS outbreaks in order to accurately predict vesicular stomatitis outbreak trends. METHODS: American VS outbreaks data were collected from OIE. The data for VS keywords were obtained by inputting 24 disease-related keywords into Google Trends. After calculating the Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients, it was found that there was a relationship between outbreaks and keywords derived from Google Trends. Finally, the predicted model was constructed based on qualitative classification and quantitative regression. RESULTS: For the regression model, the Pearson correlation coefficients between the predicted outbreaks and actual outbreaks are 0.953 and 0.948, respectively. For the qualitative classification model, we constructed five classification predictive models and chose the best classification predictive model as the result. The results showed, SN (sensitivity), SP (specificity) and ACC (prediction accuracy) values of the best classification predictive model are 78.52%,72.5% and 77.14%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study applied Google search data to construct a qualitative classification model and a quantitative regression model. The results show that the method is effective and that these two models obtain more accurate forecast.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet
Gado
Estomatite Vesicular/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Surtos de Doenças
Previsões
Ruminantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192141


  3 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364989
[Au] Autor:Apolloni A; Nicolas G; Coste C; El Mamy AB; Yahya B; El Arbi AS; Gueya MB; Baba D; Gilbert M; Lancelot R
[Ad] Endereço:French Agricultural Research and International Cooperation Organization for Development (Cirad), Department of Biological Systems (Bios), UMR Animals, Health, Territories, Risks, and Ecosystems (Astre), Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, France.
[Ti] Título:Towards the description of livestock mobility in Sahelian Africa: Some results from a survey in Mauritania.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191565, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Understanding spatio-temporal patterns of host mobility is a key factor to prevent and control animal and human diseases. This is utterly important in low-income countries, where animal disease epidemics have strong socio-economic impacts. In this article we analyzed a livestock mobility database, whose data have been collected by the Centre National d'Elevage et de Recherches Vétérinaires (CNERV) Mauritania, to describe its patterns and temporal evolution. Data were collected through phone and face-to-face interviews in almost all the regions in Mauritania over a period of roughly two weeks during June 2015. The analysis has shown the existence of two mobility patterns throughout the year: the first related to routine movements from January to August; the second strictly connected to the religious festivity of Tabaski that in 2014 occurred at the beginning of October. These mobility patterns are different in terms of animals involved (fewer cattle and dromedaries are traded around Tabaski), the means of transportation (the volume of animals moved by truck raises around Tabaski) and destinations (most of the animals are traded nationally around Tabaski). Due to the differences between these two periods, public health officers, researchers and other stakeholders should take account of the time of the year when implementing vaccination campaigns or creating surveillance networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gado
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Mauritânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191565


  4 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749335
[Au] Autor:Larsen J; Sunde M; Islam MZ; Urdahl AM; Barstad AS; Larsen AR; Grøntvedt CA; Angen Ø
[Ad] Endereço:Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen S, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of a widely used culture-based method for detection of livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Denmark and Norway, 2014 to 2016.
[So] Source:Euro Surveill;22(28), 2017 Jul 13.
[Is] ISSN:1560-7917
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We evaluated a widely used culture-based method for detection of livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in samples collected from pigs and the environment inside pig stables in Denmark and Norway. Selective enrichment in tryptic soy broth containing cefoxitin and aztreonam led to a high ratio of false-negative results (26%; 57/221). On this basis, we recommend reconsidering the use of selective enrichment for detection of LA-MRSA in animal and environmental samples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Técnicas de Cultura/métodos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação
Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico
Doenças dos Suínos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dinamarca
Gado
Noruega
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Infecções Estafilocócicas/veterinária
Sus scrofa
Suínos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27778165
[Au] Autor:Bai M; Liu H; Xu K; Oso AO; Wu X; Liu G; Tossou MC; Al-Dhabi NA; Duraipandiyan V; Xi Q; Yin Y
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Healthy Livestock and Poultry Production, Changsha, 410125, Hunan, China.
[Ti] Título:A review of the immunomodulatory role of dietary tryptophan in livestock and poultry.
[So] Source:Amino Acids;49(1):67-74, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1438-2199
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tryptophan, a nutritionally essential amino acid, is active in the regulation of immune responses in animals. The products of tryptophan metabolism, such as indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, kynurenine, quinolinic acid, and melatonin, may improve immunity in an organism and induce anti-inflammatory responses. The immune tolerance processes mediated by tryptophan metabolites are not well understood. Recent studies have reported that the enzymes that break down tryptophan through the kynurenine metabolic pathway are found in numerous cell types, including immunocytes. Moreover, some tryptophan metabolites have been shown to play a role in the inhibition of T lymphocyte proliferation, elevation of immunoglobulin levels in the blood, and promotion of antigen-presenting organization in tissues. This review summarizes the effects and mechanisms of tryptophan and metabolites in immune functions in livestock and poultry. It also highlights the areas in which our understanding of the role(s) of tryptophan is incomplete and suggests possible future research that might prove of benefit to livestock and poultry producers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Suplementos Nutricionais
Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos
Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/imunologia
Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Triptofano/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Animais
Seres Humanos
Imunidade Inata
Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/metabolismo
Cinurenina/imunologia
Cinurenina/metabolismo
Gado
Linfócitos/citologia
Linfócitos/imunologia
Melatonina/imunologia
Melatonina/metabolismo
Aves Domésticas/imunologia
Ácido Quinolínico/imunologia
Ácido Quinolínico/metabolismo
Serotonina/imunologia
Serotonina/metabolismo
Suínos/imunologia
Triptofano/administração & dosagem
Triptofano/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase); 333DO1RDJY (Serotonin); 343-65-7 (Kynurenine); 8DUH1N11BX (Tryptophan); F6F0HK1URN (Quinolinic Acid); JL5DK93RCL (Melatonin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00726-016-2351-8


  6 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29385146
[Au] Autor:Lesilau F; Fonck M; Gatta M; Musyoki C; van 't Zelfde M; Persoon GA; Musters KCJM; de Snoo GR; de Iongh HH
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University, RA Leiden, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of a LED flashlight technique in reducing livestock depredation by lions (Panthera leo) around Nairobi National Park, Kenya.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190898, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The global lion (Panthera leo) population decline is partly a result of retaliatory killing in response to livestock depredation. Nairobi National Park (NNP) is a small protected area in Kenya surrounded by a human-dominated landscape. Communities around the park use flashlights to deter lions from their livestock bomas. We investigated the response by lions to the installation of a LED flashlight technique during 2007-2016.We interviewed 80 owners of livestock bomas with flashlights (n = 43) and without (n = 37) flashlights in the surroundings of NNP and verified reported attacks on bomas against predation data over10 years. The frequency of attacks on bomas equipped with flashlights was significantly lower compared to bomas without flashlights. We also found that after flashlight installation at livestock bomas, lion attacks took place further away from the park edge, towards areas where bomas without flashlights were still present. With increased numbers of flashlight installations at bomas in recent years, we further noticed a shift from nocturnal to more diurnal predation incidences. Our study shows that the LED flashlight technique is effective in reducing nocturnal livestock predation at bomas by lions. Long term studies on the effects as well as expansion of this technique into other communities around NNP are recommended.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Luz
Leões
Gado
Comportamento Predatório
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Quênia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190898


  7 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29293617
[Au] Autor:Lima E; Hopkins T; Gurney E; Shortall O; Lovatt F; Davies P; Williamson G; Kaler J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Leicestershire, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Drivers for precision livestock technology adoption: A study of factors associated with adoption of electronic identification technology by commercial sheep farmers in England and Wales.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190489, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The UK is the largest lamb meat producer in Europe. However, the low profitability of sheep farming sector suggests production efficiency could be improved. Although the use of technologies such as Electronic Identification (EID) tools could allow a better use of flock resources, anecdotal evidence suggests they are not widely used. The aim of this study was to assess uptake of EID technology, and explore drivers and barriers of adoption of related tools among English and Welsh farmers. Farm beliefs and management practices associated with adoption of this technology were investigated. A total of 2000 questionnaires were sent, with a response rate of 22%. Among the respondents, 87 had adopted EID tools for recording flock information, 97 intended to adopt it in the future, and 222 neither had adopted it, neither intended to adopt it. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and multivariable logistic regression modelling were used to identify farmer beliefs and management practices significantly associated with adoption of EID technology. EFA identified three factors expressing farmer's beliefs-external pressure and negative feelings, usefulness and practicality. Our results suggest farmer's beliefs play a significant role in technology uptake. Non-adopters were more likely than adopters to believe that 'government pressurise farmers to adopt technology'. In contrast, adopters were significantly more likely than non-adopters to see EID as practical and useful (p≤0.05). Farmers with higher information technologies literacy and intending to intensify production in the future were significantly more likely to adopt EID technology (p≤0.05). Importantly, flocks managed with EID tools had significantly lower farmer- reported flock lameness levels (p≤0.05). These findings bring insights on the dynamics of adoption of EID tools. Communicating evidence of the positive effects EID tools on flock performance and strengthening farmer's capability in use of technology are likely to enhance the uptake of this technology in sheep farms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletrônica
Gado
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Inglaterra
Análise Multivariada
Inquéritos e Questionários
País de Gales
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190489


  8 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29223400
[Au] Autor:Oba M; Tsuchiaka S; Omatsu T; Katayama Y; Otomaru K; Hirata T; Aoki H; Murata Y; Makino S; Nagai M; Mizutani T
[Ad] Endereço:Research and Education Center for Prevention of Global Infectious Diseases of Animals, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan.
[Ti] Título:A new comprehensive method for detection of livestock-related pathogenic viruses using a target enrichment system.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;495(2):1871-1877, 2018 01 08.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We tested usefulness of a target enrichment system SureSelect, a comprehensive viral nucleic acid detection method, for rapid identification of viral pathogens in feces samples of cattle, pigs and goats. This system enriches nucleic acids of target viruses in clinical/field samples by using a library of biotinylated RNAs with sequences complementary to the target viruses. The enriched nucleic acids are amplified by PCR and subjected to next generation sequencing to identify the target viruses. In many samples, SureSelect target enrichment method increased efficiencies for detection of the viruses listed in the biotinylated RNA library. Furthermore, this method enabled us to determine nearly full-length genome sequence of porcine parainfluenza virus 1 and greatly increased Breadth, a value indicating the ratio of the mapping consensus length in the reference genome, in pig samples. Our data showed usefulness of SureSelect target enrichment system for comprehensive analysis of genomic information of various viruses in field samples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mapeamento Cromossômico/veterinária
Efeito Citopatogênico Viral/genética
Genoma Viral/genética
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/veterinária
Gado/virologia
Vírus/genética
Vírus/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos
Suínos
Vírus/patogenicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171211
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320512
[Au] Autor:Santiago-Avila FJ; Cornman AM; Treves A
[Ad] Endereço:Carnivore Coexistence Lab, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Killing wolves to prevent predation on livestock may protect one farm but harm neighbors.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189729, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Large carnivores, such as gray wolves, Canis lupus, are difficult to protect in mixed-use landscapes because some people perceive them as dangerous and because they sometimes threaten human property and safety. Governments may respond by killing carnivores in an effort to prevent repeated conflicts or threats, although the functional effectiveness of lethal methods has long been questioned. We evaluated two methods of government intervention following independent events of verified wolf predation on domestic animals (depredation) in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA between 1998-2014, at three spatial scales. We evaluated two intervention methods using log-rank tests and conditional Cox recurrent event, gap time models based on retrospective analyses of the following quasi-experimental treatments: (1) selective killing of wolves by trapping near sites of verified depredation, and (2) advice to owners and haphazard use of non-lethal methods without wolf-killing. The government did not randomly assign treatments and used a pseudo-control (no removal of wolves was not a true control), but the federal permission to intervene lethally was granted and rescinded independent of events on the ground. Hazard ratios suggest lethal intervention was associated with an insignificant 27% lower risk of recurrence of events at trapping sites, but offset by an insignificant 22% increase in risk of recurrence at sites up to 5.42 km distant in the same year, compared to the non-lethal treatment. Our results do not support the hypothesis that Michigan's use of lethal intervention after wolf depredations was effective for reducing the future risk of recurrence in the vicinities of trapping sites. Examining only the sites of intervention is incomplete because neighbors near trapping sites may suffer the recurrence of depredations. We propose two new hypotheses for perceived effectiveness of lethal methods: (a) killing predators may be perceived as effective because of the benefits to a small minority of farmers, and (b) if neighbors experience side-effects of lethal intervention such as displaced depredations, they may perceive the problem growing and then demand more lethal intervention rather than detecting problems spreading from the first trapping site. Ethical wildlife management guided by the "best scientific and commercial data available" would suggest suspending the standard method of trapping wolves in favor of non-lethal methods (livestock guarding dogs or fladry) that have been proven effective in preventing livestock losses in Michigan and elsewhere.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gado
Comportamento Predatório
Lobos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Michigan
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189729


  10 / 2164 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29284246
[Au] Autor:Vasylieva N; Andreychyn M; Kravchuk Y; Chervinska О; Iosyk I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, I. Ya. Horbachevsky State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine. Vasylyeva@tdmu.edu.ua.
[Ti] Título:Changes in leptospirosis etiology in animals and humans.
[So] Source:Ann Agric Environ Med;24(4):671-675, 2017 Dec 23.
[Is] ISSN:1898-2263
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is endemic in Ternopil region. In Ukraine, the disease is registered in almost all regions, including the Ternopil region. The aim of the research is to study the regularities of epidemic and epizootic processes of leptospirosis, and the circulation of its pathogens among different sources (small mammals, animals) and humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Etiologic spectrum of leptospirosis registered in Ternopil region in 1972-2016 among small mammals, farm animals and sick people was studied. RESULTS: Due to the analysis of pathogens circulation among different sources (small mammals, animals), as well as the annual morbidity in humans, it was proved that new leptospira serovars are endemic and brought into the regions mostly by farm animals. Farm animals introduce the infection to humans through the environment, sometimes within 3-5-years. The spread was observed of pathogen serovars, which are new in certain areas, among all types of mouse-like small mammals and rats. It was established that livestock and small mammals are parallel reservoirs. CONCLUSIONS: In the regions with endemic species, the structural modification in the etiology of leptospirosis in humans is caused by additional reservoirs among animals, as well as the circulation of other pathogen serovars that were absent in the main natural reservoir, i.e. mouse-like small mammals and rats. The constant monitoring of the population, contamination and carrier state of mouse-like small mammals, rats and farm animals, is required In order to predict the future epidemiological situation on leptospirosis among the population and to improve leptospirosis diagnosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira/fisiologia
Leptospirose/microbiologia
Leptospirose/veterinária
Mamíferos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Domésticos/microbiologia
Portador Sadio/microbiologia
Reservatórios de Doenças/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/genética
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Gado/microbiologia
Ucrânia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171230
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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